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Flowering, production and seed quality in sweet potato clones cultivated under staking

Florescimento, produção e qualidade de sementes em clones de batata-doce cultivados sob tutoramento


One difficulty in conducting breeding programs in the sweet potato is the low rate of flowering and seed production, which makes genetic recombination difficult. The aim of the present study was to select clones with superior flowering, production, and seed quality, and to verify the best time for crosses and seed harvesting. The study was carried out in the district of Montes Claros in the north of the state of Minas Gerais. Characteristics associated with flowering and seed production were evaluated in a randomized block design of 28 clones. The physiological quality of the seeds was evaluated in a completely randomized design using 11 clones. The data were submitted to analysis of variance and the Scott-Knott test (p≤0.05). Principal component analysis was carried out and a UPGMA dendrogram was created. July is the most recommended time for carrying out crosses, and August for harvesting the seeds. The UFMG01, LICURI, UFVJM06, UFVJM29, CAMBRAIA, UFVJM25, TCARRO 01, ARRUBA and UFMG02 clones were classified as more precocious for the first floral buds. CAMBRAIA and UFVJM29 were the most dissimilar, with a greater number of flowers and seeds, and should be prioritized as parents.

Ipomea batatas; genetic breeding; germination; precocity

Associação Brasileira de Horticultura Embrapa Hortaliças, C. Postal 218, 70275-970 Brasília-DF, Tel. (61) 3385 9099, Tel. (81) 3320 6064, - Vitoria da Conquista - BA - Brazil