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Japanese imperial psychiatry in Tokyo: two Korean immigrants in a psychiatric hospital, 1920-1945

Psiquiatria imperial japonesa em Tóquio: dois imigrantes coreanos em um hospital psiquiátrico, 1920-1945


During the first half of the twentieth century, Western psychiatry was quickly absorbed in Japan, particularly the versions from Germany and Austria. By 1940, over 130 psychiatric hospitals were caring for approximately thirty thousand patients in cities, while in rural areas about sixty thousand people still depended on family members for care. Japan’s empire expanded during this same period, and many immigrants came to the country. Growth in immigration from Korea was particularly important. Korean immigrants encountered Japanese psychiatric hospitals during the second quarter of the twentieth century, and this paper examines the complex nature of their hospital stays.

history of psychiatry; Japan; immigration; Korea; transcultural history

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