This article has the objective of approaching the political and scientific context that led Brazil to the position of Unesco paradigm for racial matters. I set out from the hypothesis that soon after the holocaust, the positive image of race relations in Brazil was in greater evidence, becoming a sort of anti-Nazi Germany. At this time, a number of unforeseen efforts took place in the sense of striving for an association between the search for understanding the German totalitarian phenomenon, the radical critique of the scientific standing of the concept of race, the evidencing of socio-economic demands of underdeveloped countries, and the choice of Brazil as a socio-anthropological laboratory. This combination of aims only became viable from the onset of a transnational political-academic alliance universalistic in nature.
history of science; race and racism; international relations; Arthur Ramos; Unesco