This article presents the results of the research on the creation of the Federal University of Sergipe, addressing aspects of the formation of the Brazilian scientific community. The context of such an investigation is the policy of federalization of the public universities whose origin was in the 1920s, though intensified in the 1950s. Its aim is to highlight the three polarized fundamental clashes amongst their organizers and, therefore, to resume the policy of federalization of the first public university in Sergipe through desk research and oral testimony. The findings indicate that the FUS was composed of very different colleges amongst themselves and whose model was already practiced by the first Brazilian university.
university; scientific community; policy of federalization