The research looked for to show the Aroeira Nesting in the city of Chapadão of the South, State of Mato Grosso of the South, by means of the culture and identity, as challenges for the local development. The objective is to verify if the culture and the identity intervene with the communitarian and interpersonal relationships. The study it was initiated with the analysis of the reality of the seated ones, from the cultural conceptions and the relationships that are established with the excessively living neighbors and of the Nesting. The communitarian participation, the cooperation was taken in consideration, solidarity and the confidence saw collection of information participation, the cooperation was taken in consideration, solidarity and the confidence saw collection of information together to the inhabitants by means of interviews, forms and questionnaires. It was detected difficulty of the seated ones to keep trustworthy relationship between itself. This is one of the causes, attributed the cultural diversity of that the Aroeira Nesting is formed, a also, the inexperience of the people in living in community. Such difficulties if had become visible in the communitarian organization and the relationships between itself, reflecting in the reliable lack, solidarity, cooperation and local cultural identity. One concludes that the seated ones search an improvement in the quality of life, but, they need to be stimulated by capable actions that can promote relationships more trustworthy, a time that, the considered model does not make possible a good communitarian organization that is essential for the local development.
Culture; Identy; Community