Composition and distribution of Ephemeroptera (Insecta) in Cerrado-Amazônia transition area, Brazil

The objective of this study was to respond if exist a pattern on the spatial distributions of Ephemeroptera nymphs in different streams and rivers from Suiá-Miçú Basin, MT, and how the streams are classifying according to the species composition. Were sample 12 streams and rivers, in three periods of the year. Were collected 1,356 individuals, distributed in seven families, 31 genus and 42 species and/or morphospecies. The most abundant locals were semi-lentics and with few shaded suggering that most light in the system offer, allochthonous material and autochthonous material like food resources. The greater estimates richness was found in lotic places, emphasizing that the Ephemeroptera presents greater richness in these places, once water current is essential for organic matter transporting. So much in the grouping analysis (TWINSPAM) as in the ordination (DCA) was observed the separation of lotic and semi-lentic environments as for species composition. It had a gradient in the composition similarity of lotic and small streams for lotic and big stream and for last, semi-lentics. The results of this study show that the physic structure of aquatic environments affect species composition. In that way, retreat of riparian vegetation and streams dam up can take significant losses in the diversity.

Aquatic insects; Suiá-Miçú River Basin; lotic and semi-lentic environments; nymphs

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