Life cycle of Dysopeas muibum (Mollusca, Subulinidae) in laboratory: effect of isolation on biological and conquiliomorphometric patterns

The knowledge of biological and morphological characteristics of terrestrial molluscs is important for the development of pest control measures and strategies for the conservation of species. This study aimed to characterize the patterns of biology and conquiliomorphometrics of Dysopeas muibum Marcus & Marcus, 1968 and check the effect of isolation on its life cycle and morphometric of the shell, under laboratory conditions. We conducted monitoring growth of the shell, release of puppies and mortality of 80 molluscs, of which 40 were kept isolated and 40 grouped (10 molluscs per group) in natural conditions of temperature, relative humidity and photoperiod, from birth to 180 days of life, when the measures of the shell were taken. The molluscs were reared in plastic terrariums sealed with cotton fabric and elastic, containing plant soil sterile, and fed with food to broilers enriched with calcium carbonate. It was found that the species has small and elongated shell, and is able to reproduce by self-fertilization. It has indeterminate growth, iteroparity, low mortality before and after sexual maturity and fecundity increases with body size. The isolation acted on fertility, although it has not influenced the growth, reach sexual maturity, growth-reproduction relation, mortality and conquiliomorfometrics.

Reproduction; Gastropoda; morphometrics; shell

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