Abstract in English:The species of the predatory ant genus Gnamptogenys Roger, 1863 from Colombia (42 species) and Ecuador (25 species) are diagnosed and presented, including their known geographical distribution. Gnamptogenys enodis, new species from Colombia is described. Gnamptogenys stellae Lattke, 1995 is new record for Colombia.
Abstract in English:The distribution and morphology of fat body of Brazilian diplopod Rhinocricus padbergi Verhoeff, 1938 are analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and histology. A terminology is proposed for description of the diplopods fat body.
Abstract in English:The South American species of Euhybus Coquillett, 1895 (Diptera, Hybotidae, Hybotinae) of the purpureus species-group are reviewed. A diagnosis for this group of species is presented and six new species are described: E. fuscipennis, E. grandis, E. novoaripuanensis, E. niger, E. reduncus and E. tomentosus. New records are made and the relationships of the purpureus species-group with other species-groups of Euhybus are discussed.
Abstract in English:Three new species of Chorisoneura Brunner, 1865 from Acre State, Brazil collected in nests of Podium Fabricius, 1804 (Hymenoptera, Sphecidae) are described. Illustrations of genitalia are presented.
Abstract in English:New taxa described from Bolivia (Santa Cruz): Canarana roseicollis sp. nov., Gagarinia melasma sp. nov., Hemioloapis ybyra sp. nov.; from Ecuador (Napo): Adesmus paradiana sp. nov., Hemiloapis endyba sp. nov; from Costa Rica: Sybaguasu cupreum sp. nov.; from Costa Rica and Panama: Cotycuara gen. nov., type species, C. albomarginata sp. nov.; Iatuca gen. nov., type species, I. brevicornis sp. nov. A key to the species of Hemiloapis Galileo & Martins, 2004 is added.
Abstract in English:The stages of gonadal development for the female of "barba-ruça" shrimp (Artemesia longinaris Bate, 1888) were characterized based on histological analysis. Four stages (immature, almost mature, ripe and spawned) were determined according to the structure and arrangement of cells in the ovary. Each stage corresponds macroscopically to a characteristic color, except stages I (immature) and IV (spawned), in which colors are very similar and can be distinguished only microscopically. The chromatic scale varies from white/translucent (stage I), neutral green (almost mature) to dark green (ripe). The mean size of cells was 56.9 µm (±3.5) (stage I), 127 µm (±2.6) (stage II) and 183 µm (±1.91) (stage III). The size frequency of cells was polimodal, and different cell stages were observed in ripe ovary, suggesting the occurrence of multiple spawning. The chromatic scale developed is an important tool for laboratory analysis, and can be easily used to identify the gonadal stages.
Abstract in English:New genus described: Suipinima gen. nov., type species, S. suturalis sp. nov., from Brazil (Rondônia) and Bolivia (Santa Cruz). New species described from Bolivia (Santa Cruz): Suipinima pitanga sp. nov., S. una sp. nov., S. marginalis sp. nov.,Antodice opena sp. nov., Antodilanea auana sp. nov., Aerenicopsis angaibara sp. nov.; from Guatemala: Aerenicopsis irumuara sp. nov. Key to the species of Suipinima is added.
Abstract in English:The planktonic chaetognaths from the Brazil-Malvinas (Falkland) confluence, extending between 36º 30' - 50º 5' S and 60º 33' - 41º 7' W, were studied. Ten species were found: Eukrohnia hamata (Möbius, 1875) (Eukrohniidae), Pterosagitta draco (Krohn, 1853) (Pterosagittidae), Sagitta enflata Grassi, 1881, Sagitta gazellae Ritter-Zahony, 1909, Sagitta hexaptera d´Orbigny, 1834, Sagitta lyra Krohn, 1853, Sagitta minima Grassi, 1881, Sagitta planctonis Steinhaus, 1896, Sagitta serratodentata Krohn, 1853, and Sagitta tasmanica Thomson, 1947 (Sagittidae). Sagitta gazellae was the most abundant species followed by E. hamata, S. tasmanica and S. serratodentata. The association analysis among the different species, salinity and temperature revealed two groups of species, one related to higher salinities and warmer waters (P. draco, S. hexaptera and S. serratodentata) and the other to lower salinities and colder waters (E. hamata, S. gazellae and S. tasmanica). The fact that P. draco and S. hexaptera, formerly defined as warm-water species, appeared further south than previously reported might be related to the existence of warm core eddies up to 46º S in September and October 1988.
Abstract in English:Revision of 973 specimens of Heterachthes flavicornis (Thomson, 1865), mostly emerged from a same individual of different host plant species, shows that this species has a high phenotypical variation in the color of elytra, antennae and legs. This variability is not related to the geographical distribution or to the host plants. Heterachthes flavicornis sexsignatus (Thomson,1865), and Heterachthes flavicornis bonariensis (Thomson,1865) are considered into the synonymy of Heterachthes flavicornis (Thomson, 1865).
Abstract in English:Workers of Melipona quadrifasciata anthidioides (Lepeletier, 1836) develop their ovaries and lay eggs, therefore the production of vitellogenin is expected. In electrophoretic profiles only fat body extracts from nurse workers and ovary extracts from newly-emerged workers show protein with molecular mass similar to vitellogenin. However, an increase in the protein content was detected in forager fat body. This increase was attributed to storage of vitellogenin or other proteins in the previous phase and not discharged into the hemolymph or to an effect of the increased titre of juvenile hormone in this phase of worker life over the fat body functioning.
Abstract in English:The larva of Zenithoptera anceps Pujol-Luz, 1993 is described and figured for the first time. A comparison among the known larvae of Palpopleurinae is presented. A key to the larvae of the neotropical genera of Palpopleurinae is added.
Abstract in English:Shell selection by the hermit crab Paguristes tortugae Schmitt, 1933 from Anchieta Island (Brazil) was analyzed using the six most frequently occupied shell species in the field and taking into account the sexual condition of the individuals, the shell size and the shell species. The experiments were conducted under laboratory conditions and the shell species preference was estimated on the basis of the frequency that each species was chosen by the individuals. The preferred shell species and size were determined by regression analysis. The highest correlation coefficients were obtained for the relations between the hermit dimensions and shell dry weight. The ovigerous females preferred shells with larger internal volume: Leucozonia nassa (Gmelin, 1791) and Cerithium atratum (Born, 1778). In the experiment of shell size, males preferred heavier shells whereas females selected the shape characteristics of the shell, such as the aperture and the internal volume, which are probably related to the growth and offspring guarantee, respectively. In general, and independent of sex condition, P. tortugae showed significant selection among all shells utilized. The results suggest that shell selection by P. tortugae involves sexual and reproductive condition preferences.
Abstract in English:The relationship between female body size and egg number was examined in the snake Bothrops jararaca (Wied, 1924). Some authors have demonstrated that the estimated clutch size may be affected by the inclusion or exclusion of dead neonates or non-developed eggs. The reproductive system of 254 mature females newly arrived from nature was examined and 29.55% (n=75) had eggs in the oviducts in different stages of embryonic development. The presence of atresic eggs was observed in 34.5% of those females. A significant difference was observed in the number of eggs in the right and left oviducts (t=9.48, P<0.001), but not in the number of atresic eggs (t=1.110, P=0.278). The correlation of female body size and egg number was greater when all, the normal and atresic eggs were considered (r=0.63, P<0.001). The exclusion of atresic eggs from the clutch size decreased slightly this correlation (r=0.54, P<0.001).
Abstract in English:Although Brazil encompasses one of the most abundant anuran faunas in the world, quantitative information on anuran ecology and diet are limited, especially in the Northeastern region. We analyzed the diet of six species: Hyla albomarginata, Hyla cf. branneri, Hyla minuta, Phyllomedusa aff. hypochondrialis (Hylidae), Leptodactylus natalensis, and Physalaemus cuvieri (Leptodactylidae) in a temporary pond in a rainforest remnant in Pernambuco, between 1999-2000. We analyzed diet composition, degree of food preference, and seasonal variations in diet. Leptodactylus natalensis and P. cuvieri showed higher diet diversity, whereas H. minuta consumed fewer food items. Insecta, Arachnida, and plants were preferential items for most species. Acari were consumed by all species; Hymenoptera, Odonata, and Coleoptera were also often consumed. A slight increase in diet diversity occurred in the rainy season. The species showed a generalist feeding behaviour, although P. cuvieri consumed Formicidae as major prey item.
Abstract in English:Egg case, larvae and pupa of Hydrophilus (Dibolocelus) palpalis are described and illustrated. The aquaria-terraria method was used to rear immature instars in the laboratory.
Abstract in English:Cytogenetical studies based on conventional coloration by Giemsa, C-banding and Ag-NOR were performed on 2 species of bats from the vespertilionid family: Lasiurus cinereus (Beauvois, 1796) and Lasiurus ega (Gervais, 1856). The 2n was 28 and FN was 48 in both species. The constitutive heterochromatin is located in centromeric regions in the two species and in the short arm of the subtelocentric X chromosome in L. ega. NORs were observed in the secondary constriction of the smaller autosome in both species.