This work has focused on the synthesis of three nanosystems composed of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) coated either with a carboxylate platinum(IV) complex (PD = cis,cis,trans-[Pt(NH3)2Cl2(HOOCCH2CH2COO)(OH)]) or with platinum(II) complex functionalized dextrans (DexPt1 = [Pt(Dex-NH2)Cl3] and DexPt2 = [Pt(Dex-NH2)(NH3)2(H2O)]). All nanosystems have shown superparamagnetic behavior. Powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) has confirmed that the SPIONs were iron oxide phase and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) has shown average size of 6 nm (M6). Characterization of the nanosystems by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP AES) has revealed the presence of platinum on their surface (M6@PD, 0.54 mmol g-1 of Fe and M6@CA@DexPt1-2, 0.32-1.20 mmol g-1 of Fe); infrared spectroscopy (IR) and thermogravimetric and differential thermal analyses (TG-DTA) have confirmed the presence of dextran. Furthermore, the colloidal properties of these nanosystems (M6@PD and M6@CA@DexPt1-2) have been evaluated in water and in PBS buffer. Although M6@PD has shown good colloidal dispersion in water in the pH range of 2.0-8.0, the system underwent rapid agglomeration in PBS buffer. The M6@CA@DexPt1-2 nanosystems have exhibited improved colloidal behavior both in water and in PBS, where hydrodynamic sizes were kept below 100 nm over a large pH range (2.0-12.0). Furthermore, the latter systems have displayed isoelectric points below pH 5.0 and low surface charges at pH 7.0 (ζ-potential = -10 mV) and therefore PBS did not affect their colloidal stability.
colloidal stability; dextran; iron oxide; platinum complexes; superparamagnetism