OBJECTIVE: To present the computed tomography aspects of Rhodococcus equi pneumonia in seven patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. METHODS: A retrospective study of the computed tomography scans of seven patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and Rhodococcus equi infection. RESULTS: The most common findings were consolidation (n = 7), consolidation with cavitation (n = 6), ground glass opacities (n = 6), peribronchial nodules (n = 4) and centrilobular nodules presenting a "tree-in-bud" pattern (n = 3). CONCLUSION: The most common finding in patients with Rhodococcus equi pulmonary infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome was consolidation with cavitation.
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; Rhodococcus equi; Actimomycetales infections; Lung diseases, fungal; Tomography, emission-computed