Mouthpiece ventilation in Duchenne muscular dystrophy: a rescue strategy for noncompliant patients

Giuseppe Fiorentino Anna Annunziata Rosa Cauteruccio Gianfranco Scotto di Frega Antonio Esquinas About the authors

ABSTRACT

Objective:

To evaluate mouthpiece ventilation (MPV) in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) who are noncompliant with noninvasive ventilation (NIV).

Methods:

We evaluated four young patients with DMD who had previously refused to undergo NIV. Each patient was reassessed and encouraged to try MPV.

Results:

The four patients tolerated MPV well and were compliant with NIV at home. MPV proved to be preferable and more comfortable than NIV with any other type of interface. Two of the patients required overnight NIV and eventually agreed to use a nasal mask during the night.

Conclusions:

The advantages of MPV over other types of NIV include fewer speech problems, better appearance, and less impact on the patient, eliminating the risk of skin breakdown, gastric distension, conjunctivitis, and claustrophobia. The use of a mouthpiece interface should be always considered in patients with DMD who need to start NIV, in order to promote a positive approach and a rapid acceptance of NIV. Using MPV during the daytime makes patients feel safe and more likely to use NIV at night. In addition, MPV increases treatment compliance for those who refuse to use other types of interfaces.

Keywords:
Muscular dystrophy, Duchenne; Noninvasive ventilation; Patient compliance

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