Colorectal cancer epidemiology and clinical study in Misan

Haider Saadoon Qasim Alhilfi Khalid Obiad Mohsin Almohammadawi Rasha Khalil Abduljalil Alsaad Nyaz Ahmed Ameen Basima Kadhim Abbood Aliedani Husam Jihad Imran Aldubaisi Ahmed Salih Hussien Alshewered About the authors

ABSTRACT

Introduction:

Colorectal carcinoma is commonest cancer of gastrointestinal tract. It is represent third cancer in man worldwide beyond lung and prostate cancers. It is fourth cancer in woman beyond breast, lung and uterus cancers. Deaths from colorectal cancer are more in compare with other GIT cancers.

Objective:

The aim is prove epidemiological and clinical data of colorectal cancer.

Method:

Our study conducted in Misan Province, Iraq. The data collected from 2013 to 2016. Seventy one patients that found have colorectal cancer. Gender, age, residency, site of cancer, family history, past history, year of onset, smoking history, alcohol intake, presentation, staging and histopathology pattern are get.

Results:

Prevalence of colon and rectum carcinoma is 3.75%. The most age group affected was 51–60 years as 30.99%. The gender and residency of patients have no effect on cancer percent. Obesity, Family history, cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption risk factors. In 42.25% of patients had family history of cancer.

Conclusion:

Most common site of colorectal carcinoma left colon, which present in 61.97%. There is increase in new cases detection of colorectal carcinoma from 2013 to 2016. Advanced stages cancer were most common stages description as IIIA, IIIB, IIIC and IV in 12.67%, 16.90%, 19.72% and 15.49%. The common histopathological pattern is differentiated adenocarcinoma as 53.52%.

Keywords:
Colorectal carcinoma; Misan; Epidemiology

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