Quality of life in stomized oncological patients: an approach of integrality from Brazilian Unified Health System

Qualidade de vida de estomizados oncológicos: uma abordagem da integralidade do SUS do Brasil

Cristilene Akiko Kimura Ivone Kamada Dirce Bellezi Guilhem About the authors

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION:

Integrality is considered an essential constitutional doctrinal principle of SUS, being considered as a major challenge in health in Brazil. This involves practicing focusing on the quality of life of oncological stomized people.

OBJECTIVE:

To analyze quality of life of oncological stomized people from the Health Department, the Federal District, Brazil, from the perspective of integrality of the Unified Health System in Brazil.

METHODS:

Cross-sectional, exploratory and descriptive study with a quantitative and qualitative approach in the light of a content analysis. This was a convenience sample, including 120 patients registered in the Stomized People Program of the Health Department, the Federal District, Brazil. In this study, sociodemographic, clinical, and WHOQOL-bref questionnaires and an individual interview were used. Data were analyzed by Microsoft(r) Office Excel 2010 program and SPSS 20.0 software. Statistical significance was accepted at 5%.

RESULTS:

Physical, Social Affairs, and Environment domains are correlated with the mean score, with statistically significant results (p < 0.0001), the content analysis resulted in three categories: complications with the stoma, self-care, and Comprehensive health care.

CONCLUSION:

Our results highlight the need to realize the integrality as a principle at various levels of discussion and of the practice of health care for stomized oncological people.

Keywords:
Quality of life; Ostomy; Colorectal neoplasms; Integrality in Health; Unified Health System

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