Physiological potential of soybean seeds over storage after industrial treatment

Potencial fisiológico de sementes de soja durante o armazenamento após tratamento industrial

Lucas Caiubi Pereira Mayara Mariana Garcia Alessandro Lucca Braccini Gláucia Cristina Ferri Andreia Kazumi Suzukawa Danilo Cesar Volpato Marteli Thaisa Cavalieri Matera Renata Cristiane Pereira Larissa Vinis Correia About the authors

Abstract:

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of industrial seed treatments on the physiological potential of soybean seeds over storage. Four mixtures of agrochemical products in association with two fertilizers were tested. The agrochemical product mixtures were carbendazim/thiram + imidacloprid/thiodicarb; pyraclostrobin, thiophanate-methyl, and fipronil; thiophanate-methyl/fluazinam + bifenthrin/imidacloprid; and metalaxyl-m/fludioxonil + thiamethoxam. The two fertilizers were 7% N, 16% P2O5, 0.6% Co, and 2.5% Mo; and 1% Co, 10% Mo, and 7% P2 O5. The experiment was carried out in a completely randomized design in a split-plot arrangement in time, with four replications. The treatments were allocated in the plots, while the storage periods (0, 30, 60, 90, and 120 days) constituted the split-plots. The following tests were carried out in each period: first count of germination, germination, accelerated aging, emergence speed index in sand substrate, and final seedling emergence in sand substrate. Seed germination and vigor declined over the storage period, especially after industrial treatment. Pesticide mixtures of a carbendazim/thiram fungicide base and an imidacloprid/thiodicarb insecticide base most impaired seed physiological potential throughout storage, regardless of fertilizer use in the industrial treatment.

Index terms:
Glycine max; micronutrients; germination; vigor

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