Accessibility / Report Error

Comparison between traditional techniques and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for human tuberculosis diagnosis

THESIS

Comparison between traditional techniques and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for human tuberculosis diagnosis

A. C. B. Assis

Correspondence Correspondence to Ana Cristina Barbosa de Assis Departamento de Higiene Veterinária e Saúde Pública, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, UNESP, Distrito de Rubião Jr., s/n, Caixa Postal: 560 18.618-000, Botucatu, SP, Brasil Phone: 55 14 3811 6270. Fax: 55 14 3811 6075 Email: hlangoni@fmvz.unesp.br

THESIS. A. C. B. Assis submitted this thesis for her Doctorate in Tropical Diseases at Botucatu School of Medicine, São Paulo State University, UNESP, Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil, 2005.

Advisor: Professor Hélio Langoni

ABSTRACT

Traditional microbiological diagnostic techniques such as baciloscopy and culture were compared with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for isolation of Mycobacterium spp from human patient secretions. PCR was standardized to diagnose tuberculosis. Three pairs of primers were used: one for Mycobacterium spp detection, one for the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, and one specific for Mycobacterium bovis. Two hundred clinical samples (195 of sputum and 5 of urine) were sent to the Mycobacterium Laboratory of Adolfo Lutz Institute - Bauru, São Paulo, for tuberculosis analyses. Baciloscopy and culture were positive in 8.5% (17/200) of the samples, with no direct correspondence between them. This value is within the 10% disease prevalence for the city of Bauru. Mycobacterium flavescens was biochemically identified from HIV-infected patient. Mycobacterium bovis was not isolated. PCR was positive in 13% of the samples (26/200). There was an agreement between the three diagnostic techniques; PCR was more effective than baciloscopy and culture, with no difference between them. PCR sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive values were 65.38%, 100%, 100% and 96%, respectively. Baciloscopy and culture sensitivity and specificity were 64.7% and 96.7%, respectively. PCR showed a fast, specific, and more sensitive technique than the traditional techniques for tuberculosis diagnosis.

Key words: Tuberculosis, diagnosis, PCR

  • Correspondence to
    Ana Cristina Barbosa de Assis
    Departamento de Higiene Veterinária e Saúde Pública, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, UNESP, Distrito de Rubião Jr., s/n, Caixa Postal: 560
    18.618-000, Botucatu, SP, Brasil
    Phone: 55 14 3811 6270. Fax: 55 14 3811 6075
    Email:
  • Publication Dates

    • Publication in this collection
      21 Nov 2005
    • Date of issue
      Dec 2005
    Centro de Estudos de Venenos e Animais Peçonhentos (CEVAP/UNESP) Av. Universitária, 3780, Fazenda Lageado, Botucatu, SP, CEP 18610-034, Brasil, Tel.: +55 14 3880-7693 - Botucatu - SP - Brazil
    E-mail: editorial.jvatitd@unesp.br