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Role of TLR2 and TLR4 on human neutrophil functions against Paracoccidioides brasiliensis

THESIS

Role of TLR2 and TLR4 on human neutrophil functions against Paracoccidioides brasiliensis

Correspondence to Correspondence to: Michele Janegitz Acorci Valério Departamento de Microbiologia e Imunologia Instituto de Biociências, UNESP, Botucatu, SP, Brasil Phone: +55 14 3811 6058 Email: mjanegitz@hotmail.com

Thesis: M. J. Acorci-Valério submitted this thesis for her Doctorate in Tropical Diseases at the Botucatu Medical School, São Paulo State University, UNESP, Botucatu, São Paulo State, Brazil, 2009.

Advisor: Professor Angela Maria Victoriano de Campos Soares

ABSTRACT

In paracoccidioidomycosis, a systemic mycosis caused by the fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis (Pb), studies have focused on the role of neutrophils that are involved in the primary response to the fungus. Neutrophil functions are regulated by pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Molecular mechanisms involved in this process are not fully understood, but there are strong evidences about the involvement of toll-like receptors (TLRs). We aimed at evaluating TLR2 and TLR4 expression on human neutrophils activated by GM-CSF, IL-15, TNF-alpha or IFN-γamma and challenged with a virulent strain of P. brasiliensis (Pb18). Moreover, we asked if these receptors have a role on fungicidal activity, H2O2 and IL-6, IL-8, TNF-alpha and IL-10 production, by activating and challenging cells. All cytokines increased TLR2 and TLR4 expression. Pb18 also increased TLR2 expression, inducing an additional cytokine effect. On the contrary, it inhibited TLR4 expression. All cytokines increased neutrophil fungicidal activity and H2O2 production; however, this process was not associated with TLR2 or TLR4. Neutrophil activation by GM-CSF and TNF-alpha resulted in a significant increase of IL-8 production, while IL-15 and IFN-alpha have no effect. Pb18 also augmented IL-8 expression, inducing an additional effect to that of cytokines. None of the cytokines activated neutrophils by releasing IL-10. This cytokine was only detected after Pb18 challenge. Interestingly, IL-8 and IL-10 production involved TLR2 and mainly TLR4 modulation. The present results suggest that Pb18 interaction with neutrophils through TLR2 and TLR4 with consequent IL-8 and IL-10 production may be considered a pathogenic mechanism in paracoccidioidomycosis.

Key words: neutrophils, immune response, Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, cytokines.

  • Correspondence to:
    Michele Janegitz Acorci Valério
    Departamento de Microbiologia e Imunologia
    Instituto de Biociências, UNESP, Botucatu, SP, Brasil
    Phone: +55 14 3811 6058
    Email:
  • Publication Dates

    • Publication in this collection
      14 Sept 2009
    • Date of issue
      2009
    Centro de Estudos de Venenos e Animais Peçonhentos (CEVAP/UNESP) Av. Universitária, 3780, Fazenda Lageado, Botucatu, SP, CEP 18610-034, Brasil, Tel.: +55 14 3880-7693 - Botucatu - SP - Brazil
    E-mail: editorial.jvatitd@unesp.br