An analytical solution for stresses and deformations of tunnels in a non-uniform stress field based on strain-softening model and Mogi-Coulomb criterion

Hao Fan Lianguo Wang Wanrong Liu About the authors

Abstract

In this study, a mechanical model for tunnels excavated in a non-uniform stress field is developed. A new strain-softening model simultaneously considers the weakening of cohesion and internal friction angle is proposed. Then, an analytical solution for the post-peak region radii, stresses, and displacements is deduced. Taking a tunnel in Taoyuan coal mine as an engineering example, the post-peak region radii, surface displacement, and stresses distribution are determined. The effects of the horizontal-to-vertical stress ratio, intermediate principal stress, residual cohesion, and residual internal friction angle on tunnel deformations are discussed. The results show that the post-peak region radii and stresses distribution around the tunnel varies with direction due to the non-uniform stress field. The post-peak region radii and surface displacement are larger with consideration of intermediate principal stress. Tunnels surrounded by rock masses with a higher residual cohesion and internal friction angle experience lower post-peak region radii and surface displacement.

Keywords:
Tunnels; non-uniform stress field; analytical solution; intermediate principal stress; strain-softening model

Graphical Abstract

Keywords:
Tunnels; non-uniform stress field; analytical solution; intermediate principal stress; strain-softening model

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