Resumo em Inglês:This paper presents an analysis on the effect of support springs in an ends circular hollow sections welded into a YT joint. The overall behavior and failure of the joint were characterized under axial compression of the lap brace. Two joint failure modes were identified: chord wall plastification (Mode A) and cross-sectional chord buckling (Mode F) in the region below the lap brace. The system was modeled with and without support springs using the numerical finite element program Ansys. Model results were compared with experimental data in terms of principal stress in the joint intersection. The finite element model without support springs proved to be more accurate than that with support springs.
Resumo em Inglês:In this paper, variational iteration (VIM) and parametrized perturbation (PPM) methods have been used to investigate non-linear vibration of Euler-Bernoulli beams subjected to the axial loads. The proposed methods do not require small parameter in the equation which is difficult to be found for nonlinear problems. Comparison of VIM and PPM with Runge-Kutta 4th leads to highly accurate solutions.
Resumo em Inglês:A vast amount of published work can be found in the field of beam vibrations dealing with analytical and numerical techniques. This paper deals with analysis of the nonlinear free vibrations of beams. The problem considered represents the governing equation of the nonlinear, large amplitude free vibrations of tapered beams. A new implementation of the ancient Chinese method called the Max-Min Approach (MMA) and Homotopy Perturbation Method (HPM) are presented to obtain natural frequency and corresponding displacement of tapered beams. The effect of vibration amplitude on the non-linear frequency is discussed. In the end to illustrate the effectiveness and convenience of the MMA and HPM, the obtained results are compared with the exact ones and shown in graphs and in tables. Those approaches are very effective and simple and with only one iteration leads to high accuracy of the solutions. It is predicted that those methods can be found wide application in engineering problems, as indicated in this paper.
Resumo em Inglês:The usefulness of supplementary energy dissipation devices is now quite well-known in earthquake structural engineering for reducing the earthquake-induced response of structural systems. The seismic behavior of structures with supplemental ADAS devices is concerned in this study. In this paper, the ratio of the hysteretic energy to input energy is compared in different structural systems. The main purpose of this paper is to evaluate the behavior of structures equipped with yielding dampers (ADAS), located in far fields based on energy concepts. In order to optimize their seismic behavior, the codes and solutions are also presented. Three cases including five, ten and fifteen-story three-bay Concentric Braced Frames (CBF) with and without ADAS were selected. The PERFORM 3D.V4 software along with three earthquake records (Northridge, Imperial Valley and Tabas) is used for nonlinear time history analysis and the conclusions are drawn upon energy criterion. The effect of PGA variation and height of the frames are also considered in the study. Finally, to increase the energy damping ability and reduce the destructive effects in structures on an earthquake event, so that a great amount of induced energy is damped and destruction of the structure is prevented as much as possible by using ADAS dampers.
Resumo em Inglês:A Hyperbolic Shear Deformation Theory (HPSDT) taking into account transverse shear deformation effects, is used for the static flexure analysis of thick isotropic beams. The displacement field of the theory contains two variables. The hyperbolic sine function is used in the displacement field in terms of thickness coordinate to represent shear deformation. The transverse shear stress can be obtained directly from the use of constitutive relations, satisfying the shear stress-free boundary conditions at top and bottom of the beam. Hence, the theory obviates the need of shear correction factor. Governing differential equations and boundary conditions of the theory are obtained using the principle of virtual work. General solutions of thick isotropic simply supported, cantilever and fixed beams subjected to uniformly distributed and concentrated loads are obtained. Expressions for transverse displacement of beams are obtained and contribution due to shear deformation to the maximum transverse displacement is investigated. The results of the present theory are compared with those of other refined shear deformation theories of beam to verify the accuracy of the theory.
Resumo em Inglês:A C0 continuous finite element model is developed to model the refined higher order shear deformation theory. The proposed element is an upgraded version of an element based on higher order shear deformation theory. The C0 continuity of the present element is compensated in the stiffness matrix calculations. The computational efficiency is achieved by the C0 continuous finite element model by satisfying the inter-laminar shear stress continuity at the interfaces and zero transverse shear stress conditions at plate top and bottom. The performance of the upgraded element is illustrated with many numerical examples.