Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures, Volume: 9, Issue: 2, Published: 2012
  • Erratum

    Alves, Marcílio; Marczak, Rogério; Mattos, Heraldo da Costa
  • Acoustic displacement triangle based on the individual element test

    Correa, S.; Militello, C.; Recuero, M.

    Abstract in English:

    A three node -displacement based- acoustic element is developed. In order to avoid spurious rotational modes, a higher order stiffness is introduced. This higher order stiffness is developed from an incompatible strain field which computes element volume changes under nodal rotational displacements fields. The higher order strain resulting from the incompatible strain field satisfies the Individual Element Test (IET) requirements without affecting convergence. The higher order stiffness is modulated, element by element, with a factor. As a result, the displacement based formulation presented on this paper is capable of placing the spurious rotational modes above the range of the physical compressional modes that can be accurately calculated by the mesh.
  • Recent developments of some asymptotic methods and their applications for nonlinear vibration equations in engineering problems: a review

    Bayat, Mahmoud; Pakar, Iman; Domairry, Ganji

    Abstract in English:

    This review features a survey of some recent developments in asymptotic techniques and new developments, which are valid not only for weakly nonlinear equations, but also for strongly ones. Further, the achieved approximate analytical solutions are valid for the whole solution domain. The limitations of traditional perturbation methods are illustrated, various modified perturbation techniques are proposed, and some mathematical tools such as variational theory, homotopy technology, and iteration technique are introduced to over-come the shortcomings.In this review we have applied different powerful analytical methods to solve high nonlinear problems in engineering vibrations. Some patterns are given to illustrate the effectiveness and convenience of the methodologies.
  • Numerical combination for nonlinear analysis of structures coupled to layered soils

    Silva, Wagner Queiroz; Coda, Humberto Breves

    Abstract in English:

    This paper presents an alternative coupling strategy between the Boundary Element Method (BEM) and the Finite Element Method (FEM) in order to create a computational code for the analysis of geometrical nonlinear 2D frames coupled to layered soils. The soil is modeled via BEM, considering multiple inclusions and internal load lines, through an alternative formulation to eliminate traction variables on subregions interfaces. A total Lagrangean formulation based on positions is adopted for the consideration of the geometric nonlinear behavior of frame structures with exact kinematics. The numerical coupling is performed by an algebraic strategy that extracts and condenses the equivalent soil's stiffness matrix and contact forces to be introduced into the frame structures hessian matrix and internal force vector, respectively. The formulation covers the analysis of shallow foundation structures and piles in any direction. Furthermore, the piles can pass through different layers. Numerical examples are shown in order to illustrate and confirm the accuracy and applicability of the proposed technique.
  • Numerical simulation of anisotropic polymeric foams

    Tita, Volnei; Caliri Júnior, Mauricio Francisco

    Abstract in English:

    This paper shows in detail the modelling of anisotropic polymeric foam under compression and tension loadings, including discussions on isotropic material models and the entire procedure to calibrate the parameters involved. First, specimens of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) foam were investigated through experimental analyses in order to understand the mechanical behavior of this anisotropic material. Then, isotropic material models available in the commercial software AbaqusTM were investigated in order to verify their ability to model anisotropic foams and how the parameters involved can influence the results. Due to anisotropy, it is possible to obtain different values for the same parameter in the calibration process. The obtained set of parameters are used to calibrate the model according to the application of the structure. The models investigated showed minor and major limitations to simulate the mechanical behavior of anisotropic PVC foams under compression, tension and multi-axial loadings. Results show that the calibration process and the choice of the material model applied to the polymeric foam can provide good quantitative results and save project time. Results also indicate what kind and order of error one will get if certain choices are made throughout the modelling process. Finally, even though the developed calibration procedure is applied to specific PVC foam, it still outlines a very broad drill to analyze other anisotropic cellular materials.
  • Numerical forensic model for the diagnosis of a full-scale RC floor

    Shuraim, Ahmed B.

    Abstract in English:

    The paper presents the results of an investigation on the diagnosis and assessment of a full-scale reinforced concrete floor utilizing a 3-D forensic model developed in the framework of plasticity-damage approach. Despite the advancement in nonlinear finite element formulations and models, there is a need to verify models on nontrivial challenging structures. Various standards on strengthening existing structures consider numerical diagnosis as a major stage involving safety and economical aspects. Accordingly, model validity is a major issue that should preferably be examined against realistic large-scale tests. This was done in this study by investigating a one-story joist floor with wide shallow beams supported on columns. The surveyed cracking patterns on the entire top side of the floor were reproduced by the forensic model to a reasonable degree in terms of orientation and general location. Concrete principal plastic tensile strain was shown to be a good indirect indicator of cracking patterns. However, identifying the underlying reasons of major cracks in the floor required correlating with other key field parameters including deflections, and internal moments. Therefore, the ability of the forensic model to reproduce the surveyed damage state of the floor provided a positive indication on the material models, spatial representation, and parameter selection. Such models can be used as forensic tools for assessing the existing conditions as required by various standards and codes.
  • Static analysis of tapered nanowires based on nonlocal Euler-Bernoulli beam theory via differential quadrature method

    Janghorban, Maziar

    Abstract in English:

    As a first endeavor, bending analysis of tapered nano wires with circular cross section is investigated. In this research, nonlocal elasticity theory based on Euler-Bernoulli beam theory is used to formulate the equations. Differential quadrature method (DQM) is employed to solve the governing equations. Different parameters such as nonlocal parameter, length and radius of tapered nano wires are also considered. The results of present work can be used as bench marks for future works.
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