Abstract in English:In this work, three catenary riser models subjected to harmonic oscillations are studied. Two are finite-element models, one studied with Orcaflex, an offshore marine system analysis software, and another one with Abaqus, a generalist structural analysis software. The third model is an analytical reduced-order model that represents only the touch-down zone. The aim of this study is to discuss the feasibility, potentialities and limitations of the analytical model in confrontation with the specialist and the generalist softwares for the analysis of risers, under conditions of parametric excitation and unilateral contact at the seabed.
Abstract in English:Nonlinear vibration response of nanomechanical cantilever (NMC) active probes in atomic force microscope (AFM) application has been studied in the amplitude mode. Piezoelectric layer is placed piecewise and as an actuator on NMC. Continuous beam model has been chosen for analysis with regard to the geometric discontinuities of piezoelectric layer attachment and NMC's cross section. The force between the tip and the sample surface is modeled using Leonard-Jones potential. Assuming that cantilever is inclined to the sample surface, the effect of nonlinear force on NMC is considered as a shearing force and the concentrated bending moment is regarded at the end. Nonlinear frequency response of NMC is obtained close to the sample surface using the dynamic modeling. It is then become clear that the distance and angle of NMC, the probe length, and the geometric dimensions of piezoelectric layer can affect frequency response bending of the curve.
Abstract in English:A numerical computer model, based on the dual reciprocity boundary element method (DRBEM) for studying the generalized magneto-thermo-visco-elastic stress waves in a rotating functionally graded anisotropic thin film/substrate structure under pulsed laser irradiation is established. An implicit-implicit staggered algorithm was proposed and implemented for use with the DRBEM to get the solution for the temperature, displacement components and thermal stress components through the structure thickness. A comparison of the results for different theories is presented in the presence and absence of rotation. Some numerical results that demonstrate the validity of the proposed method are also presented.
Abstract in English:The last Chilean earthquake, occurred on February 27, 2010, allowed establishing important patterns of structural failures in reinforced concrete residential buildings; however, limited progress has been made in the study of basic standards of serviceability, such as obstruction of doors. Thus, this study focused on measuring the influence of design specifications and construction criteria of lintels and columns, in terms of obstruction of doors, considering capacity thresholds for certain levels of displacement. The study consisted of the design and construction of a full-scale prototype of a reinforced concrete frame, designed in accordance with all the ACI-318-08 requirements, taking into account typical aspects of geometry and materiality widely used by the real estate industry, for location and size of doors. In order to quantify the structural capacity of the prototype and to study the serviceability of the door, a quasi-static cyclic test was conducted, according to load and displacement protocols specified in FEMA 356 and FEMA 461, which was adjusted by using virtual models based on a static nonlinear analysis called "Pushover". This research verified that, for displacement levels even five times higher than those established by codes considered, the cracking degree was minimal and fully recoverable. It was also found the door evidenced malfunction when the displacements were greater than those specified by design only, validating a high degree of accomplishment of current codes, in terms of capacity and serviceability, when dealing with obstruction of residential doors.
Abstract in English:In this paper, the effect of the temperature change on the vibration frequency of mono-layer graphene sheet embedded in an elastic medium are studied. Using the nonlocal elasticity theory, the governing equations are derived for single-layered graphene sheets. Using Levy and Navier solutions, analytical frequency equations for single-layered graphene sheets are obtained. Using Levy solution, the frequency equation and mode shapes of orthotropic rectangular nanoplate are considered for three cases of boundary conditions. The obtained results are subsequently compared with valid result reported in the literature. The effects of the small scale, temperature change, different boundary conditions, Winkler and Pasternak foundations, material properties and aspect ratios on natural frequencies are investigated. It has been shown that the non-dimensional frequency decreases with increasing temperature change. The present analysis results can be used for the design of the next generation of nanodevices that make use of the thermal vibration properties of the nanoplates.
Abstract in English:A microstructure-dependent nonlinear third-order beam theory which accounts for through-thickness power-law variation of a two-constituent material is developed using Hamilton's principle. The formulation is based on a modified couple stress theory, power-law variation of the material, and the von Kármán nonlinear strains. The modified couple stress theory contains a material length scale parameter that can capture the size effect in a functionally graded material beam. The influence of the material length scale parameter on linear bending is investigated. The finite element models are also developed to determine the effect of the geometric nonlinearity and microstructure-dependent constitutive relations on linear and nonlinear response.
Abstract in English:Based on both ambient vibration measurements and numerical models using the wide-column analogy and the finite element method, vibrations periods of low-rise concrete dwellings are estimated in this study. A brief review of parametric and nonparametric techniques is presented and discussed, and in-situ measurements techniques are critically compared. The results of ambient vibration tests are used to calibrate numerical models. Advantages, drawbacks and accuracy of parametric techniques, as well as particular recommendations to build numerical models for assessing the elastic behavior of low-rise concrete wall dwellings, are proposed.
Abstract in English:The present article deals with static and dynamic behavior of functionally graded skew plates based on the three-dimensional theory of elasticity. On the basis of the principle of minimum potential energy and the Rayleigh Ritz method, the equations of motion are derived in conjunction with the graded finite element approach. Solution of the resulted system of equations in time domain is carried out via Newmark's time integration method. Calculations are applied for fully clamped boundary condition. In the present paper, two different sets of distributions for material properties are considered. For the static analysis, material properties are considered to vary through the thickness direction according to an exponential law. In the case of dynamic analysis, variations of the volume fractions through the thickness are assumed to obey a power law function. Thus, the effective material properties at each point are determined by the Mori-Tanaka scheme. In case of dynamic analysis, the results are obtained for uniform step loadings. The effects of material gradient index and skew angle on displacement components and stress response are studied. Results of present formulations are verified by available results of a functionally graded rectangular plate for different boundary conditions and also compared with result of a homogenous skew plate by commercial FEM software.
Abstract in English:In this paper, we have considered a new class of critical technique that called the He's Variational Approach (VA) to solve the nonlinear vibration of an electrostatically actuated microbeam. It has been indicated that the Variational Approach (VA) is quickly convergence and does not demand small perturbation and also sufficiently accurate to both linear and nonlinear problems in engineering. The obtained results show that the approximate solutions are uniformly legitimate on the whole solution field.
Abstract in English:This paper presents the analytical simulation of string with large amplitudes using the Variational Iteration Method (VIM) and Hamiltonian Approach (HA). In order to verify the precision of the presented methods, current results were compared with He's Variational Approach and Runge-Kutta 4th order. It has been found that these methods are well suited for a range of parameters and the approximate frequencies and periodic solutions show a good agreement with other techniques. The results show that both methods can be easily extended to other nonlinear oscillations and it can be predicted that both methods can be found widely applicable in engineering.