Factors related to motorcycle accidents with victims: an epidemiological survey

FATORES RELACIONADOS COM OS ACIDENTES DE MOTOCICLETA: ESTUDO EPIDEMIOLÓGICO

Júlia Maria D’Andréa Greve Marcelo Rosa Resende Heráclito Barbosa de Carvalho Gabriel Andreuccetti Celso O. Bernini Vilma Leyton About the authors

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the factors associated with traffic motorcycles accidents.

METHODS:

The sample consisted of 285 motorcycle accident victims in São Paulo. Data were collected from 24-hour emergency service shifts regarding: conditions of the victims, security equipment, road and vehicle conditions.

RESULTS:

Victims were mostly young men (92%); 23% used the motorcycle for work (average: 8 hours per day); 45% had owned a motorcycle for less than two years; 77% were licensed motorcycle drivers; 33% had less than four years of qualification; 31% had attended a course of defensive driving. Severe lesions were identified in 67% of the unlicensed drivers. Polytrauma occurred in 9% head trauma in 5% of the entire population. Lower limb fractures occurred more frequently than upper limb (17% vs. 12%). Most wore helmets (90%) but only 18% wore helmet, boots and jacket. Positive readings for alcohol (7%) and drugs (14%) occurred in 21% of victims. Most accidents occurred as a consequence of imprudence (88%), during the day (67%), in dry weather conditions (94%). A side impact was registered in 48% of cases; 80% of motorcycles had an engine capacity up to 250 cc. In 51% of the accidents the person responsible for the accident was the driver of the other vehicle in the accident.

CONCLUSION:

Most accidents involve motorcyclists who are young male adults, use the motorcycle as a means of transport and do not consider safety, defensive driving and the use of alcohol and drugs as important factors.

KEYWORDS:
Motorcycle; Accidents; Epidemiology; Trauma


Mavera Edições Técnicas e Científicas Ltda Rua Professor Filadelfo Azevedo, 220, Cep: 04508-010, tel: (11) 3051 3043 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil
E-mail: medicalexpress@me.net.br