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The cave-like sense organ in the antennae of Triatominae bugs

Abstract

In the second segment of the antennae of haematophagous reduviids an unusual cave-like organ is found the function os which was investigated in Triatoma infestans. the morphology of the organ makes it difficult to ascribe it to a mechno- or chemoreceptive function, but shows some characteristics shared with thermoreceptors of other animals. The electrical activity of sense cells was recorded in the presence of stimuli that evoke behavioural responses in this species, i.e. warm, CO2, lactic and butyric acids at different concentrations. The three compounds tested failed to evoke a response at all concentrations assayed. Only thermal stimulation evinced a clear modification in the electrical activity of the sense cells.Both the morphological and electrophysiological findings support a thermoreceptive finding, habitat selection and circadian synchronization.

Triatoma; thermoreception; chemoreception; sense organs; Chagas's disease


ABSTRACT

The cave-like sense organ in the antennae of Triatominae bugs

Claudio R. Lazzari

Martina Wicklein1

Universität Tübingen Auf der Morgenstelle, Lehrstuhl für Biokybernetik, Tübingen, Germany

In the second segment of the antennae of haematophagous reduviids an unusual cave-like organ is found the function os which was investigated in Triatoma infestans. the morphology of the organ makes it difficult to ascribe it to a mechno- or chemoreceptive function, but shows some characteristics shared with thermoreceptors of other animals. The electrical activity of sense cells was recorded in the presence of stimuli that evoke behavioural responses in this species, i.e. warm, CO2, lactic and butyric acids at different concentrations. The three compounds tested failed to evoke a response at all concentrations assayed. Only thermal stimulation evinced a clear modification in the electrical activity of the sense cells.Both the morphological and electrophysiological findings support a thermoreceptive finding, habitat selection and circadian synchronization.

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Publication Dates

  • Publication in this collection
    01 June 2009
  • Date of issue
    Dec 1994
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