Quantification of Trypanosoma cruzi in the heart, lymph nodes and liver of experimentally inffected mice, using limiting dilution analysis

Abstract

Limiting dilution analysis was used to quantify Trypanosoma cruzi in the lymph nodes, liver and heart of Swiss and C57 B1/10 mice. The results showed that, in Swiss and B1/10 mice infected with T. cruzi Y strain, the number of parasites/mg of tissue increased during the course of the infection in both types of mice, although a grater number of parasites were observed in heart tissue from Swiss mice than from B1/10. With regard to liver tissue, it was observed that the parasite load in the initial phase of infection was higher than in heart. In experiments using T. cruzi Colombian strain, the parasite load in the heart of Swiss and B1/10 mice increased relatively slowly, although high levels of parasitization were nonetheless observable by the end of the infection. As for the liver and lymph nodes, the concentration of parasites was lower over the entire course of infection than in heart. Both strains thus maintained their characteristic tissue tropisms. The limiting dilution assay (LDA) proved to be an appropriate method for more precise quantification of T. cruzi, comparing favorably with other direct microscopic methods that only give approximate scores.

Trypanosoma cruzi; limiting dilution analysis; experimental infection


ABSTRACT

Quantification of Trypanosoma cruzi in the heart, lymph nodes and liver of experimentally inffected mice, using limiting dilution analysis

Marise P. Nunes1

Ana Cristina L. Sobral1

Sérgio G. Coutinho1

Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Laboratório de Imunidade Celular e Humoral em Protozooses, Departamento de Protozoologia, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil

Limiting dilution analysis was used to quantify Trypanosoma cruzi in the lymph nodes, liver and heart of Swiss and C57 B1/10 mice. The results showed that, in Swiss and B1/10 mice infected with T. cruzi Y strain, the number of parasites/mg of tissue increased during the course of the infection in both types of mice, although a grater number of parasites were observed in heart tissue from Swiss mice than from B1/10. With regard to liver tissue, it was observed that the parasite load in the initial phase of infection was higher than in heart. In experiments using T. cruzi Colombian strain, the parasite load in the heart of Swiss and B1/10 mice increased relatively slowly, although high levels of parasitization were nonetheless observable by the end of the infection. As for the liver and lymph nodes, the concentration of parasites was lower over the entire course of infection than in heart. Both strains thus maintained their characteristic tissue tropisms. The limiting dilution assay (LDA) proved to be an appropriate method for more precise quantification of T. cruzi, comparing favorably with other direct microscopic methods that only give approximate scores.

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Publication Dates

  • Publication in this collection
    04 June 2009
  • Date of issue
    Dec 1992
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