Seroepidemioplogy of schistosomiasis mansoni

S. Hoshino-Shimizu L. C. S. Dias H. Y. Kanamura L. C. Silva C. M. Glasser R. M. J. Patucci About the authors

Abstract

In population surveys in wich the Schistosoma mansoni intensity of infection is low, or in localities where the schistosomiasis control program had success the parasitologic methods lack in sensitivity. Despite of some limitations the immunological methods are useful to provide valuable information in such field conditions. Thus, the prevalaence of schistosomiasis in untreated population can be determined by the detection of IgG or IgM antibodies, as well as the incidence by the IgA antibodies , employing mainly immunofluorescence (IF) and immunoenzymatic (ELISA), and in some extent hemagglutination (HA) or even skin test. The true prevalence and incidence of schistosomiasis can be estimated using a probabilistic model equation, since knowing before-hand the sensitivity and specificity of emploved test. The sensitivity and the specificity of serologic test become higher in low aged group, under 14. The geometric mean IF titers also gives a positive correlation with the intensity of infection. Presently there are need of serologic tests wich are economic and pratical in soroepidemiologic inquires, requiring no specialized personnel to collect population blood or serum and also easily interpret the test results. The reagents for such tests are desired to be stable and reproducible. Moreover, it is expected that the tests can distinguish an ative infection.

Schistosoma mansoni; seroepidemiology


ABSTRACT

Seroepidemioplogy of schistosomiasis mansoni

S. Hoshino-Shimizu1

L. C. S. Dias2

H. Y. Kanamura3

L. C. Silva4

C. M. Glasser5

R. M. J. Patucci6

USP, Fac. de Ciências Farmacêuticas, São Paulo, Brasil

UNICAMP, Inst. Biologia, São Paulo, Brasil

USP, Fac. Ciências Farmacêuticas, São Paulo, Brasil

Inst. Medicina Tropical de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil

São Paulo (Estado). Secr. Estado, Superitendência de Controle de Endemias, São Paulo, Brasil

São Paulo (Estado). Secr. Estado, Superitendência de Controle de Endemias, São Paulo, Brasil

In population surveys in wich the Schistosoma mansoni intensity of infection is low, or in localities where the schistosomiasis control program had success the parasitologic methods lack in sensitivity. Despite of some limitations the immunological methods are useful to provide valuable information in such field conditions. Thus, the prevalaence of schistosomiasis in untreated population can be determined by the detection of IgG or IgM antibodies, as well as the incidence by the IgA antibodies , employing mainly immunofluorescence (IF) and immunoenzymatic (ELISA), and in some extent hemagglutination (HA) or even skin test. The true prevalence and incidence of schistosomiasis can be estimated using a probabilistic model equation, since knowing before-hand the sensitivity and specificity of emploved test. The sensitivity and the specificity of serologic test become higher in low aged group, under 14. The geometric mean IF titers also gives a positive correlation with the intensity of infection. Presently there are need of serologic tests wich are economic and pratical in soroepidemiologic inquires, requiring no specialized personnel to collect population blood or serum and also easily interpret the test results. The reagents for such tests are desired to be stable and reproducible. Moreover, it is expected that the tests can distinguish an ative infection.

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Publication Dates

  • Publication in this collection
    04 June 2009
  • Date of issue
    1992
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