Accessibility / Report Error

Difference in susceptibility to lysis between clones of the Y strain of Trypanosoma cruzi

Abstract

Three clones isolated from the Y strain of Trypanosoma cruzi - YP1, YP2 and YP3 - were adapted to in vitro cultivation in VERO cells. The recovery of the parasites from the Y strain and clone YP3 was similar after 24 hr of contact with cells (3.2% and 2.7%, respectively) and much lower than the recovery of clones YP1 and YP2 (56.7% and 60.0% of inoculum, respectively). After five days incubation, the ratio Trypomastigotes/Amastigotes released into the supernatants was about 90/10 for clone YP1, YP3 and Y strain, and 50/50 for clone YP2. After nine days, the ratio was 62/38 for clone YP1, 97/3 for clone YP3, 81/19 for Y strain and 50/50 for clone YP2. The susceptibility of tissue culture derived trypomastigotes (TCT) to lysis in the presence of chronic chagasic human sera and human complement was assessed using Complement Mediated Lysis reaction (CML). Trypomastigotes from clone YP2 were consistently less susceptible to CML (% lysis less than 20), than parasites from the other clones and Y strain. Parasites of clone YP3 had susceptibility to CML comparable to that of the Y strain (about 70%), while TCT of clone YP1 had intermediary susceptibility (40%).

Trypanosoma cruzi; clones; tissue culture; complement mediated lysis


ABSTRACT

Difference in susceptibility to lysis between clones of the Y strain of Trypanosoma cruzi

Erika M. Braga1

Lúcia M. C. Galvão1

Egler Chiari1

Maria Sonia Martins1

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, ICB, Departamento de Parasitologia, Belo Horizonte, Brasil

Three clones isolated from the Y strain of Trypanosoma cruzi - YP1, YP2 and YP3 - were adapted to in vitro cultivation in VERO cells. The recovery of the parasites from the Y strain and clone YP3 was similar after 24 hr of contact with cells (3.2% and 2.7%, respectively) and much lower than the recovery of clones YP1 and YP2 (56.7% and 60.0% of inoculum, respectively). After five days incubation, the ratio Trypomastigotes/Amastigotes released into the supernatants was about 90/10 for clone YP1, YP3 and Y strain, and 50/50 for clone YP2. After nine days, the ratio was 62/38 for clone YP1, 97/3 for clone YP3, 81/19 for Y strain and 50/50 for clone YP2. The susceptibility of tissue culture derived trypomastigotes (TCT) to lysis in the presence of chronic chagasic human sera and human complement was assessed using Complement Mediated Lysis reaction (CML). Trypomastigotes from clone YP2 were consistently less susceptible to CML (% lysis less than 20), than parasites from the other clones and Y strain. Parasites of clone YP3 had susceptibility to CML comparable to that of the Y strain (about 70%), while TCT of clone YP1 had intermediary susceptibility (40%).

Full text available only in PDF format.

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Publication Dates

  • Publication in this collection
    01 June 2009
  • Date of issue
    Dec 1993
Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Av. Brasil, 4365 - Pavilhão Mourisco, Manguinhos, 21040-900 Rio de Janeiro RJ Brazil, Tel.: (55 21) 2562-1222, Fax: (55 21) 2562 1220 - Rio de Janeiro - RJ - Brazil
E-mail: memorias@fiocruz.br