DIVERSITY IN THE IMAGES OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION TEACHER MANUALS IN BRAZIL

Alexandre Paulo Loro Irene Moya-Mata Alexandra Valencia-Peris Meire Aparecida Lóde Nunes José Devís-Devís About the authors

Abstract

Image is an iconic language, with the power to transmit information, reproduce stereotypes and influence teachers. This study is about Physical Education teacher manuals designed in Brazil and approved in the National Teaching Book and Materials Program (BRASIL, 2017). Specifically, it analyses images of people in them to see if there are stereotypes related to bodily practices. An analysis of 854 images through Chi-Square independence tests revealed stereotypes related to bodily practices. The results show the predominance of mixed groups of children, with ectomorphic bodies, of white colour or race, and without disabilities. Therefore, although sex diversity is represented, the materials still favour reproduction of stereotypes and traditional hegemonic groups, perpetuating the invisibility of diversity in colour or race, bodies and people with disabilities.

Keywords:
Teaching Materials; Physical Education; Body Image; Cultural diversity

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Rua Felizardo, 750 Jardim Botânico, CEP: 90690-200, RS - Porto Alegre, (51) 3308 5814 - Porto Alegre - RS - Brazil
E-mail: movimento@ufrgs.br