Sort publications by
Nauplius, Volume: 29, Published: 2021
  • Individual growth and mortality of Rhithropanopeus harrisii (Decapoda: Panopeidae) in the estuarine region of Patos Lagoon, Southern Brazil Original Article

    Rodrigues, Diego Schuch; Fonseca, Duane Barros

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract The present investigation aimed to estimate the individual growth and mortality of an invasive species found in the estuarine region of Patos Lagoon (Southern Brazil). For 20 months crabs were sampled, and in the laboratory specimens of Rhithropanopeus harrisii (Gould, 1841) were measured (carapace width, CW, and weight). Carapace width data was utilized for a modal progression analysis and to estimate the individual growth curve (von Bertalanffy growth model), and a size-converted catch curve. Von Bertalanffy parameters estimated were CW∞ = 16.92 mm and k = 1.28 year-1. Maximum longevity was estimated at 3.5 years. Instantaneous total mortality was estimated at 2.17 ± 0.30 year-1. It has been suggested that longevity may be explained by a low predation impact on R. harrisii, which, as a consequence, may lead to slow individual growth of this species in the estuarine region of Patos Lagoon.
  • Ontogenetic development captured in amber - the first record of aquatic representatives of Isopoda in Cretaceous amber from Myanmar Original Article

    Schädel, Mario; Hyžný, Matúš; Haug, Joachim T.

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Two fossils from Burmese amber are the subject of this study. The specimens differ in size; yet, they appear to be conspecific because of the profound morphological similarity. The fossils are interpreted as representatives of Isopoda, more precisely of the group Cymothoida, due to the presence of a triangular basipod of the uropod. Cymothoida comprises parasitic forms of Isopoda as well as many other types of feeding-habits. The morphology in the studied fossils suggests that they are not representatives of any of the parasitic ingroups of Cymothoida. Since there are no other findings of Isopoda from the Cretaceous with the same morphological features, the fossils at hand are described as a new species - Electrolana madelineae sp. nov. The smaller specimen lacks well-developed walking appendages on trunk segment seven; it can thus be interpreted as a manca stage (immature) individual. The systematic affinity and the functional morphology of the herein described fossils, as well as three seed shrimps (Ostracoda) in close proximity to one of the specimens, and the presence of pyrite in the amber piece points towards an aquatic lifestyle and a preservation in moist conditions. In addition, we review the fossil record of immature forms of Isopoda.
  • Biometric relationships and sex ratio for red-spotted shrimp Farfantepenaeus brasiliensis (Latreille, 1817) (Decapoda, Penaeidae) from the coast of Sergipe, northeastern Brazil Original Article

    Rosa, Leonardo Cruz da; Reis-Júnior, Josafá; Freire, Kátia Meirelles Felizola; Barreto, Thaíza Maria Rezende da Rocha

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract The goal of this study was to estimate the biometric relationships and sex ratio for the red-spotted shrimp Farfantepenaeus brasiliensis (Latreille, 1817) from the coast of Sergipe, northeastern Brazil. A total of 132 specimens of F. brasiliensis were collected and analyzed (65 females and 67 males) from May 2015 to May 2016. The overall sex ratio did not differ significantly from 1:1. Female size ranged from 20.73-46.43 mm of carapace length (CL), whereas male size ranged from 20.75-32.47 mm CL. Females were larger (34.78±6.05 mm CL, 152.61±19.68 mm of total length (TL)) and heavier (27.45±11.12 g of wet weight (WW)) than males (27.07±2.56 mm CL, 123.77±11.37 mm TL and 14.48±3.98 g WW). All biometric relationships were different between females and males. Both TL vs CL and WW vs TL relationships indicated positive allometric growth. Data shown here correspond to an adult population exploited by local shrimp fleets and are an important contribution to the biological knowledge of this species, especially in northeastern Brazil, where there is no information available.
  • On the Indian species of Eurycarcinus A. Milne-Edwards, 1867, Heteropanope Stimpson, 1858, and Pilumnopeus A. Milne-Edwards, 1867 (Decapoda: Brachyura: Pilumnidae) Original Article

    Trivedi, Jigneshkumar; Mitra, Santanu; Patel, Pooja; Maheta, Niketa; Patel, Krupal; Ng, Peter K. L.

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Five species of pilumnid crabs assigned to Eurycarcinus A. Milne-Edwards, 1867, Heteropanope Stimpson, 1858, and Pilumnopeus A. Milne-Edwards, 1867, have been reported from India: E. orientalis A. Milne-Edwards, 1867, E. bengalensis Deb, 1999, H. glabra Stimpson, 1858, H. neolaevis Deb, 1995, and P. convexus (Maccagno, 1936). The identity of E. bengalensis is confused and the species had been provisionally transferred to Heteropanope. Examination of the types however, confirms the affinities of the species with Eurycarcinus and consequently extends the range of the genus to the eastern Indian Ocean. A re-examination of the types of H. neolaevis show that it is a junior subjective synonym of Aniptumnus quadridentus (De Man, 1895), and is the first record of the genus from India. Eurycarcinus integrifrons De Man, 1879, is also formally recorded for the first time from India.
  • First record of a tantulocaridan, Microdajus sp. (Crustacea: Tantulocarida), from the northwestern Atlantic Original Article

    Boyko, Christopher B.; Williams, Jason D.; Rhodes, Adelaide

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract A putative new species of tantulocaridan is reported parasitizing a species of typhlotanaid (Tanaideacea) from the Gulf of Mexico at depths up to 2767 m. The tantulocaridan belongs to Microdajus Greve, 1965, species of which are all known from tanaid hosts in the superfamily Paratanoidea. Tantulocaridan samples included newly settled tantulus larvae, early stages of trunk development and developing males; parasites were found attached to anterior appendages (antennules and pereopods) or bodies of hosts. This material likely represents a new species but the condition and number of available specimens precludes a formal description. The putative new species is most similar to Microdajus aporosus Grygier and Sieg, 1988 and Microdajus tchesunovi Kolbasov and Savchenko, 2010 in having an endopodal seta on each of the sixth thoracopods (lacking in other species). Microdajus tchesunovi is the only described species of Microdajus with males bearing unsegmented sixth thoracopod protopods; this character is also found on the present specimens. Males of the newly reported tantulocaridan can be distinguished from those of M. tchesunovi based on protopod 1-5 morphology and setation of the pits on the cephalothorax (fewer setae in males of the western Atlantic specimens compared to M. tchesunovi). This is the first species of Microdajus reported from the western Atlantic and the first tantulocaridan known from the Gulf of Mexico or northwestern Atlantic.
  • Two new species of freshwater crabs of the genus Potamiscus Alcock, 1909 (Brachyura: Potamidae) from Nagaland, northeastern India Original Article

    Pati, Sameer Kumar

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Two new species of freshwater crabs of the potamid genus Potamiscus Alcock, 1909 are described from Nagaland State of northeastern India. Potamiscus chizami sp. nov. and Potamiscus mima sp. nov. most resemble two Indian congeners [Potamiscus palelensis Mitra and Waikhom, 2019 and Potamiscus tumidulus (Alcock, 1909)] and a species from Myanmar (Potamiscus whitteni Ng, Hla Htoo and Win Mar, 2020) due to the similar terminal segment of the male first gonopod. Both new species can be distinguished from Po. palelensis by their stouter ambulatory legs, from Po. tumidulus by their more-slender male first gonopod, and from Po. whitteni by their strongly concave lateral margins of the male telson and the straight tip of the male first gonopod. Characters of the carapace, male pleon, male gonopods, and female vulvae are employed to differentiate Po. chizami sp. nov. from Po. mima sp. nov.
  • Unraveling distributional patterns and life-history traits of a deep-water shrimp Plesionika edwardsii (Decapoda, Pandalidae) under unexploited virgin conditions: a benchmark for fisheries management Original Article

    Santos, Régis; Medeiros-Leal, Wendell; Novoa-Pabon, Ana; Pinho, Mário; Isidro, Eduardo; Melo, Octávio

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Plesionika edwardsii (J.F. Brandt in von Middendorf, 1851) is a cosmopolitan species that inhabits cold temperate and subarctic waters between 50 and 680 m. In the Azorean region, this is the second most abundant shrimp species and populations remain unexploited. To provide insights into a pristine state that can be useful for comparisons across regions and serve as a benchmark for a potential fishery in the future, we analyzed data collected during shrimp trap surveys in the Azores between 1999 and 2000. Plesionika edwardsii were caught between 100 and 600 m depth, with the biggest catches between 200 and 400 m. Sizes varied from 8.3 to 31.3 mm cephalothorax length (CL). Females were bigger and more abundant than males and predominated at depths up to 300 m. Ovigerous females were caught throughout most of the year, with a peak of abundance during the winter. The size at 50 % maturity was 25 mm CL. High variability in distributional patterns and life-history traits has been observed in our study and when compared with literature from other regions, it is difficult to distinguish which differences are potentially fishing-induced. Future studies should investigate the oceanographic processes associated with P. edwardsii ecology and commercial fisheries should be made on a precautionary basis.
  • Mating and ejaculate allocation pattern in the kelp crab Taliepus dentatus (Decapoda: Epialtidae) Original Article

    Pretterebner, Katrin; Sanhueza, Javiera; López, Jorge; Pardo, Luis Miguel

    Abstract in English:

    ABSTRACT Ejaculate allocation patterns vary widely among species and often depend on characteristics of the individual. However, it is poorly known whether ejaculate allocation patterns change in response to distinct ontogenetic stages (i.e., adolescent vs. adult). The present study aims to describe the mating process and test variations in ejaculate allocation in response to the ontogenetic stage of the Chilean kelp crab Taliepus dentatus (H. Milne Edwards, 1834). Mating consists of the following sequence: (1) pre-copulatory guarding (i.e., male grasping female and/or caging female between legs), (2) copulation in sternum-to-sternum position, and (3) post-copulatory guarding (i.e., male grasping female or carrying her around by the chelae). The mating behavior and ejaculate allocation pattern differed between the two contrasting male ontogenetic stages. Adolescent males generally delivered less ejaculate in repeated short copulations and adult males transferred more ejaculate in a single extended copulation. Ejaculate allocation in adolescents was dependent on female size, but not so in adults. Variation in the ejaculate allocation pattern may be common in species with contrasting male ontogenetic stages, where less competitive males (i.e., adolescents) economize their limited seminal reserves. Conversely, adults which have a greater capacity to produce seminal material (fluids + spermatozoa) may invest greater quantities of seminal material.
  • Population biology of the freshwater shrimp Atya scabra (Leach, 1816) (Crustacea: Decapoda) in São Francisco River, Brazil: evidence from a population at risk of extinction Original Article

    Barros-Alves, Samara de P.; Alves, Douglas Fernandes Rodrigues; Hirose, Gustavo Luis

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Considering the environmental impacts to rivers caused by the exploitation of water resources and the consequences of these impacts upon fauna, the objective of this study was to evaluate the population biology of the shrimp Atya scabra (Leach, 1816) in the final stretch of the major river of South America. This species was assessed as “Near Threatened” in the red book of Brazilian crustaceans. Specimens were sampled monthly from February 2015 to January 2016 in a region of the lower São Francisco River, Brazil. A total of 233 individuals of A. scabra were collected, including 120 males and 113 females (71 non-ovigerous and 42 ovigerous). Atya scabra abundance was higher when water flow values increased. A decrease in abundance was observed over the one year of sampling, indicating a decline of about 90 % in this population in this region of the São Francisco River. We suggest that this decline was caused by the reduction of water flow in the São Francisco River, due to a policy that authorized retaining more water behind dams and releasing less water into the river in April and June 2015. In light of this, other studies should monitor the population dynamics of this species, while legislative actions are also needed to protect this fragile ecosystem.
  • Population biology of the fiddler crab Uca maracoani (Crustacea, Ocypodidae) inhabiting an impacted mangrove area on the southern coast of São Paulo state, Brazil Original Article

    Machado, Glauco B. O.; Gusmao, Joao B.; Marochi, Murilo Z.; Abessa, Denis M. S.; Costa, Tânia Marcia

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Fiddler crabs are important components of intertidal benthic macrofauna in estuarine habitats. However, these invertebrates often inhabit areas under anthropogenic-driven changes. In this study, we evaluated the habitat quality and the population biology of the fiddler crab Uca maracoani (Latreille, 1802) in a mangrove area under anthropogenic influence, on the southern coast of São Paulo state, Brazil. Sediment samples for ecotoxicological analyses and data on the population biology of U. maracoani were collected monthly between October 2008 and October 2009. Contamination was observed in sediment samples from all months, indicating that benthic organisms inhabiting the study area are continuously exposed to toxicity. The sex ratio did not deviate from 1:1 for the whole population of U. maracoani, within any given month (except in October 2008, when males outnumbered females). Adult males and females showed a similar size, while juvenile females were larger than juvenile males, probably reflecting that females attained sexual maturity at a larger size than males. For both juvenile and adult stages, the major cheliped propodus length and height in males and the abdomen width in females showed positive allometry. The size-frequency distribution of the studied population varied from unimodal to bimodal. Juveniles were recorded in all months, suggesting the studied population has continuous recruitment. In contrast, ovigerous females were not found in the study area for several months. Although U. maracoani is continuously exposed to contamination present in the sediment, it presents a well-established population and seems to persist in the study area.
  • Occurrence of Anthalona neotropica Sousa, Elmoor-Loureiro and Debastiani-Júnior, 2015 (Crustacea: Cladocera: Chydoridae) in Bahia State, Brazil Original Article

    Jesus, Sheila Bonfim de; Elmoor-Loureiro, Lourdes M. A.

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Although the cladoceran Anthalona neotropica Sousa, Elmoor-Loureiro and Debastiani-Júnior, 2015 has a wide geographic range in Brazil, until now, it has only been reported in a few localities. The present study reports the occurrence of this species in the estuaries of the Jequitinhonha River and Una River, representing the first records of An. neotropica in Bahia State, Brazil.
  • Cladocera (Crustacea, Branchiopoda) species of Bahia State, Brazil: a critical update on species descriptions, distributions, and new records Original Article

    Macêdo, Rafael Lacerda; Sousa, Francisco Diogo R.; Jesus, Sheila Bonfim de; Nunesmaia, Bárbara Janaina Bezerra; Branco, Christina Wyss Castelo; Elmoor-Loureiro, Lourdes M. A.

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Despite the rising interest in cladoceran biogeography worldwide, many species distributions are still unknown to science, especially in naturally rich freshwater of the Neotropics. Herein we present a checklist of the taxa, giving the distributions of the valid species throughout 13 hydrographic basins within the two freshwater ecoregions of Northeastern Mata Atlântica and São Francisco. Superorder Cladocera comprises 72 known species in Bahia State classified into two orders: the Anomopoda, represented by Chydoridae (36 spp), Daphniidae (7), Macrothricidae (6), Bosminidae (4), Moinidae (3) and Ilyocryptidae (2); and Ctenopoda, represented by Sididae (8 spp). Species from the orders Onychopoda and Haplopoda are still lacking in Neotropical waters. The first compilation of the data on the Cladocera of Bahia, Brazil, is represented by this checklist and contains 38 new records for the state. Critical remarks on species distributions, as well as detailed information on sampling sites and geographic coordinates are also included.
  • Abormon, a new genus of freshwater crab (Crustacea: Brachyura: Potamidae) from northeastern India, with descriptions of two new species Original Article

    Mitra, Santanu; Pati, Sameer K.; Ng, Peter K.L.

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract A new genus and two new species of potamiscine freshwater crabs (Potamidae) are described from the Abor Hills in the Upper Siang District of Arunachal Pradesh State, northeastern India. Abormon gen. nov. is morphologically most similar to Pararanguna Dai and Chen, 1985, from Yunnan Province in China but can be differentiated by the setose dorsal surface and the medially concave posterolateral margins of the carapace, the concave lateral margins of the male telson, the relatively low dorsal flap on the terminal segment of the male first gonopod, and the anteriorly open and transversely ovate vulvae. Abormon capillosum sp. nov. can be distinguished from A. praecalvum sp. nov. by characters of the carapace, pereiopods, male pleonal somite 6, male gonopods, and vulvae.
  • New distributional records of species of the family Pseudorhombilidae Alcock, 1900 (Crustacea: Decapoda) from Brazilian waters Original Article

    Almeida Alves-Júnior, Flavio de; Viana, Girlene Fábia Segundo; Torres, Maria Fernanda Abrantes; Silva, Kátia Cristina de Araújo; Cintra, Israel Hidenburgo Aniceto

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract The family Pseudorhombilidae Alcock, 1900 is widely distributed in the tropical western Atlantic, occurring from shallow waters to the continental slope, inhabiting sandy, gravelly, or muddy substrates. Despite the broad distribution of this family in the Americas, the species Pseudorhombila octodentata Rathbun, 1906 and Pseudorhombila quadridentata (Latreille, 1828) have been observed only in a few localities, with disjunct records, and Robertsella meridionalis Tavares and Gouvêa, 2013 has been recorded only in one type locality (Santa Catarina, Brazil). The present work reports new occurrences of P. octodentata from the state of Sergipe and P. quadridentata from the state of Amapá, and the second occurrence of R. meridionalis from the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. These new records are an important contribution to the understanding of distributional patterns of pseudorhombilid crab species in Brazil and to the increase in biodiversity data of crustaceans from the North and Northeast regions of Brazil.
  • Morphometric aspects of two coexisting amphidromous shrimps, Atya gabonensis Giebel, 1875 and Atya scabra (Leach, 1816), in the Paraíba do Sul River, Brazil Original Article

    Carvalho-Batista, Abner; Oliveira, Caio M.C.A.; Souza, Guilherme; Carvalho, Fabrício Lopes; Mantelatto, Fernando Luis

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Atya gabonensis Giebel, 1875 and Atya scabra (Leach, 1816) are amphidromous shrimps. In some areas, these species populations are vulnerable due to the anthropogenic impact on their habitats and commercial exploitation. However, basic morphometric data is still lacking. This study provides morphometric data on both species in the Fluvial Island Domain of Paraíba do Sul River basin, Brazil. Sampling was performed bimonthly from January 2013 to March 2014. Individuals were analysed according to sex, weight, carapace length and width, abdomen length, second abdominal pleura height and width, length of third pereopod articles, and length and width of the male appendix interna. We sampled 42 individuals of A. gabonensis and 16 individuals of A. scabra. In both species, females showed abdomen and second abdominal pleura larger than males, while males showed third pereopod articles larger than females, both related to sexual dimorphism. We detected differences in the carapace length × carapace width relationship and in the growth pattern of the male appendix interna between species, with A. gabonensis presenting the carapace and the male appendix interna wider than A. scabra. Morphometric aspects of both species are unpublished for this region, and this data is valuable for A. gabonensis in the western Atlantic and for A. scabra from Rio de Janeiro state. Such information is essential for future systematic assessment and establishment of conservation management policies.
  • First molecular evidence for two new associate copepods of genus Clausidium Kossmann, 1874 (Copepoda: Cyclopoida: Clausidiidae) from the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman Original Article

    Sepahvand, Vahid; Shahabi, Saeed

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Clausidium Kossman, 1874 is a genus of copepods that is found in subtropical to temperate coastal areas. All species of the genus occur on the bodies of mud shrimp of the families Callianassidae and Upogebiidae. Based on morphological data from light scanning and confocal laser scanning microscopy, there are four species of Clausidium copepod in Iran. In this study we address Clausidium iranensis Sepahvand, Kihara and Boxshall, 2019 and Clausidium persiaensis Sepahvand and Kihara, 2017 that were reported on the body of the burrowing shrimps Neocallichirus jousseaumei (Nobili, 1904) and Callianidea typa Milne Edwards, 1837, respectively. We undertook analyses of mitochondrial DNA gene sequences (CO1) to evaluate taxonomic status and taxonomic relationships of the Clausidium species. The result demonstrates that two major clades, with strong support, can be identified within the Clausidium copepods in the southern waters of Iran, representing distinct taxonomic entities at the species rank. Our data indicate that CO1 can be a powerful tool for species identification and delimitation. In the case of Clausidium copepods, the general utility of CO1 for taxonomic relationship inferences within a genus or a family is still under investigated. Our study adds the first genetic data from these copepods from the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman.
  • A new genus of Parastenocarididae Chappuis, 1940 (Copepoda: Harpacticoida) from the Amazonian Region, Brazil, with close affinity to Murunducaris Reid, 1994 Original Article

    Corgosinho, Paulo Henrique Costa; Rocha, Carlos Eduardo Falavigna da; Arbizu, Pedro Martínez; Santos-Silva, Edinaldo Nelson dos

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Santaremicaris gen. nov. is proposed to accommodate Santaremicaris amazonensis sp. nov., a new species collected by Noodt from the hyporheic zone of the Amazonas River at Santarém, Brazil, and Parastenocaris santaremensis Noodt, 1963, which is redescribed and designated as the type species of the new genus. The new genus is recorded also from several localities of the Amazonian hydrographic basin. Santaremicaris gen. nov. is well supported by clear autapomorphies, e.g., 1) the absence of distal spinules on the endopod of the second swimming leg of the male, which is ornamented with strong outer spinules along the first 2/3 of the segment and armed with a long distal seta the insertion area of which covers almost the whole width of the segment; 2) the presence of a triangular, short and strongly sclerotized endopod on the fourth swimming leg of the male; and 3) the presence of a long and slim male fifth leg ending in a long distal spiniform process, with irregular margins, armed with only three setigerous elements on the outer margin, and reaching the middle of the subsequent urosomal segment or beyond it. The new genus is closely related to Murunducaris Reid, 1994, with males sharing conspicuous ornamentation on the inner margin of the first swimming leg basis, represented either by an enlarged spinule accompanied by minute accessory spinules or by a row of strong spinules. In addition, the males of both Murunducaris and Santaremicaris gen. nov. share an enlarged intercoxal sclerite with a median process on the fifth leg.
  • Spawning season, recruitment, and growth of the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium lamarrei (H. Milne-Edwards, 1837) in a perennial wetland, northeastern Bangladesh Original Article

    Ahmed, Zoarder Faruque; Ahamed, Ferdous; Rahman, Md. Masuder; Fatema, Mst. Kaniz

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Spawning season, recruitment, and growth of the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium lamarrei were studied in a perennial wetland, northeastern Bangladesh during October 2016 to September 2017. Spawning season was estimated based on the monthly variations of percent ovigerous females. Recruitment and growth were estimated using the time series of the length-frequency distributions. We compared the von Bertalanffy growth function (VBGF) and the Pauly and Gaschütz growth function (PGGF) to identify any seasonal oscillation in growth rate. Ovigerous females occurred almost throughout the year, indicating a prolonged spawning season with two peaks between March-April (minor peak) and June-September (major peak). Both males and females with modal size ~ 8.0 mm carapace length first recruited in October, which synchronized with the major peak spawning season. There was seasonality in growth rate; hence, PGGF was adopted as the best-fitting model to describe the growth of both sexes. The estimated equations were Lt = 17.86 (1- exp [-2.432 (t/12 - 0.072) - (1.766/2π) sin {2π (t/12 - 0.982)}] for males and Lt = 23.18 (1- exp [-1.342 (t/12 + 0.106) - (0.388/2π) sin {2π (t/12 - 0.209)}] for females. Sexual dimorphism was found with larger size in females than males. Longevity was estimated to be ~ 14 months for both sexes. These findings can be useful to formulate management measures for this prawn.
  • A new species of Austinixa Heard and Manning 1997 (Decapoda: Pinnotheridae) and new records of A. felipensis (Glassell, 1935) from the Mexican Pacific Original Article

    Salgado-Barragán, José; Raymundo-Huizar, Alma Rosa; Ayón-Parente, Manuel

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract A new species of the pinnotherid crab genus Austinixa from La Cruz de Huanacaxtle, Nayarit, Mexico is described. The new species is closely related to Austinixa roblesi Palacios Theil and Felder, 2020, however these can be distinguished mainly by the shape of the male pleon and telson, gonopod and chelae. In addition, four new records of distribution of Austinixa felipensis Glassell, 1935 are added. The species is known previously from the type locality to the north of the Gulf of California and the Pacific coast of El Salvador and Nicaragua. The new collection sites are located on the eastern coast of the Gulf of California and the states of Nayarit and Jalisco, Mexico.
  • First reports of short-term temporal variations in crustacean species richness in north Patagonian coastal temporary pools Original Article

    Ríos-Escalante, Patricio De los; Encina-Montoya, Francisco; Carreño, Eriko; Correa-Araneda, Francisco; Esse, Carlos

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Temporary pools are freshwater bodies of significant interest due to their high species diversity, and the colonization and extinction processes observed at temporal scales. The aim of the present study was to perform a short-term ecological comparison in a group of shallow temporary pools in northern Chilean Patagonia in two periods, August and September 2018. The results revealed marked differences in terms of species richness in the study pools at different conductivities and chlorophyll a concentrations. The dominant species was the calanoid copepod Boeckella gracilis Daday, 1902, while the presence of the rare Anostracan Branchinecta rocaensis Cohen, 1982 was reported in conditions of low chlorophyll a and low conductivity. The community was studied using co-occurrence null models that revealed the absence of structured patterns in species associations, and the presence of niche overlap, with many repeated species that have a similar ecological niche. The present results are identical with observations from temporary pools in southern Chilean Patagonia.
  • Swimming behavior of newly hatched larvae of six decapod species (Crustacea: Decapoda) Original Article

    Almeida, Eduardo Vianna de; Cardoso, Carolina dos Santos; Souza, Manoela dos Santos; Bonecker, Sérgio Luiz Costa

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Crustacean decapod larvae have developed several adaptations to maximize their survival, including swimming behavior. Swimming improves larvae dispersal and contributes to their response to environmental stresses, including variations in abiotic factors, presence of predators, and search for food. Data on larval behavior can also assist in studies on conservation and in species management in aquaculture. Unfortunately, swimming behavior remains unstudied in many species. The present work aims to analyze the swimming behavior in newly hatched larvae of six common decapod crustaceans in coastal Southeast Brazil (Macrobrachium acanthurus, Macrobrachium olfersii, Emerita brasiliensis, Ucides cordatus, Minuca rapax, and Callinectes danae). The analysis included tests with larval responses to four isolated stimuli: gravity (geotaxis), vertical salinity gradients, low-pressure zones, and presence of the planktivorous fish, Atherinella brasiliensis (only for C. danae and M. rapax). The first two and the last two stimuli were used as indicators of dispersal and defensive behaviors, respectively. All larvae preferred water depth with higher salinity levels. Additionally, negative geotaxis was observed in M. olfersii, M. acanthurus, U. cordatus, and C. danae, being stronger in the last. Both Macrobrachium larvae responded to low-pressure zones, promptly moving away. Callinectes danae and M. rapax larvae avoided contact with the predatory fish by creating avoidance zones around it, even in the absence of light. This is an active defensive behavior that has never been reported for the newly hatched larvae of these two species.
  • Spatio-temporal variation of the population structure and density of the shore crab Pachygrapsus gracilis (Grapsidae) in an estuary on the Brazilian Amazon coast Original Article

    Nóbrega, Priscila Sousa Vilela da; Quaresma, Miani Corrêa; Lima, Francielly Alcântara de; Martinelli-Lemos, Jussara Moretto

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract The present study investigates the spatio-temporal variation in the density of the adults and larvae of the shore crab Pachygrapsus gracilis and identifies the reproductive period and the population structure of the species in the Marapanim estuary, in northern Brazil, in order to describe the biological characteristics of this equatorial population on the Atlantic coast. Specimens were collected manually every month over the course of a year. Adults were collected at four rocky outcrops in the upper and lower mid-littoral. Larvae were sampled at six points using horizontal trawls of the surface water. The sampling points represent the inner and outer estuary, its two margins, and varying gradients of salinity. The density of the zoea I and adults were higher on the margins with the highest sediment deposition rates and salinity. Only the density of the adults correlated significantly with salinity. Although ovigerous females were only collected in the rainiest periods, the presence of juveniles throughout the year indicates that the species reproduces continuously. The population parameters indicate that the density of P. gracilis was related to salinity, and that part of the life cycle of these crabs is completed in the Marapanim estuary. This species reproduces in the estuary, exports zoea I to the coastal waters and then probably returns as megalopae, responding to local conditions through systematic shifts in its distribution and abundance over time and space. The population was relatively stable and able to adjust to the considerable variation in abiotic factors that are typical of this estuary.
  • Phoxocephalidae G.O. Sars, 1891 (Crustacea: Amphipoda) collected by the R/V Almirante Saldanha off the coast of Uruguay and Argentina Original Article

    Andrade, Luiz F.; Senna, André R.

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Amphipods of the family Phoxocephalidae G.O. Sars, 1891 collected by the R/V Almirante Saldanha off the coast of Uruguay and Argentina in 1972 were examined. New records from the northern Argentine Sea and Uruguayan Sea include two species of the subfamily Harpiniinae Barnard and Drummond, 1978: Pseudharpinia jonesyi Andrade and Senna, 2020a, previously known from southeast/southern Brazil; and Pseudharpinia tupinamba Senna and Souza-Filho, 2011, recorded hitherto only from southeastern Brazil. Six species of the subfamily Phoxocephalinae G.O. Sars, 1891 were also recorded: Fuegiphoxus abjectus Barnard and Barnard, 1980, Fuegiphoxus fuegiensis (Schellenberg, 1931), Metharpinia dentiurosoma Alonso de Pina, 2003b, Metharpinia grandirama Alonso de Pina, 2003b, Metharpinia protuberantis Alonso de Pina, 2001, and Parafoxiphalus longicarpus Alonso de Pina, 2001. Redescriptions and discussion on distribution and morphological variations are presented.
  • Observations of life history traits of Typton carneus Holthuis, 1951 (Caridea, Palaemonidae): a poorly known sponge-dwelling shrimp Original Article

    Paixão, Pedro Henrique; Soledade, Guidomar Oliveira; Cavalcanti, Thaynã; Pinheiro, Ulisses; Almeida, Alexandre Oliveira

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract The objective of this study was to investigate some life history traits of the palaemonid shrimp Typton carneus collected from a reef in northeastern Brazil. Samples of the sponges Amphimedon compressa, A. viridis, Desmapsamma anchorata, Dysidea etheria, Haliclona implexiformis and Tedania ignis were analyzed and shrimps were removed from them. A total of 41 individuals were found in Te. ignis, three in H. implexiformis and one in D. etheria; the latter two sponges are new records of sponge hosts for Ty. carneus. Of the specimens associated with Te. ignis, 24 were males, 10 ovigerous females, six non-ovigerous females and one juvenile male. Fecundity varied between 19 to 56 eggs (37 ± 14) per female, and the mean egg volume was 0.033 ± 0.010 mm³. Eleven heterosexual pairs were obtained. Characteristics of the pairs suggest a monogamous mating system for the studied population, such as: the absence of sexual dimorphism in weaponry and body size and presence of paired non-brooding and brooding females carrying eggs in different development stages; and a sex ratio that does not differ from the expected 1:1. However, the lack of size-assortative pairing as well as the low proportion of pairs, compared to solitary individuals, have been observed in polygamous mating systems.
  • Diversity of hippoidean crabs - considering ontogeny, quantifiable morphology, and phenotypic plasticity Original Article

    Braig, Florian; Zuluaga, Victor Posada; Haug, Carolin; Haug, Joachim T.

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Representatives of Hippoidea, often called sand crabs or mole crabs, are an ingroup of Anomala. These marine crustaceans inhabit the tropical and subtropical coasts of the world, yet some also appear in temperate climates. Their adults are specialized for digging and living in sandy substrates. Hippoidean zoea-type larvae are planktic and reach large sizes up to a few centimetres. These larvae transform into megalopa larvae, strongly resembling the adult, mediating the transition to the benthic lifestyle of the adult. We reconstructed outlines in dorsal view of over 80 shields of hippoideans, including representatives of Blepharipodidae (sister group to all others), Albuneidae, and Hippidae and including adults, megalopa-type, and zoea-type larvae from all three ingroups. We conducted a morphological analysis on this data using an elliptic Fourier transformation and principal component analysis. We used the results of the analysis to discuss the life history of hippoideans and the special function of megalopae, which often lack emphasis in current research. Early stage zoea larvae, megalopae, and adults show a linear gradient in their morphological development according to our analysis. However, late stage zoea larvae deviate from this pattern, possibly due to their specialization to a long-lasting planktic life. Lastly, we discuss the influence of phenotypic plasticity in hippoidean zoea larvae.
  • A new species and first record of Trichorhina Budde-Lund, 1908 (Isopoda, Oniscidea, Platyarthridae) from the Department of Norte de Santander, Colombia Original Article

    Carpio-Díaz, Yesenia M.; López-Orozco, Carlos Mario; Borja-Arrieta, Ricardo; Campos-Filho, Ivanklin Soares

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract The genus Trichorhina Budde-Lund, 1908 includes 70 species distributed mainly in tropical regions, of which three species have been recorded from Colombia: Trichorhina bermudezae Carpio-Díaz, López-Orozco and Campos-Filho, 2018, Trichorhina heterophthalma Lemos de Castro, 1964, and Trichorhina papillosa (Budde-Lund, 1893). The present work aims at describing Trichorhina navasi n. sp. from La Playa de Belén, Department of Norte de Santander. In addition, it provides the first record of terrestrial isopods in the Department of Norte de Santander.
  • Locomotor activity in Branchipus schaefferi (Fischer, 1834) (Branchiopoda: Anostraca) under thermal variation Original Article

    Kangarloei, Behrooz Atashbar; Agh, Naser; Mertens, Johan; Beladjal, Lynda

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract The behavioral responses of Branchipus schaefferi Fisher, 1834 males and females to short-term thermal stress in six different rearing conditions are studied. The swimming performance was tested in pure tap water and water collected from both male and female culture mediums. The animal's behavior was recorded using a high-definition digital video camera mounted approximately 30 cm above the experimental containers. The swimming track and the thoracopod beating rates were recorded manually for each animal at different temperatures. The results indicate that in most cases, a significant increase in active swimming and limb beating rate occurred with increasing temperature. However, the animals tested in the different male and female culture medium were significantly less active compared to those in tap water, under similar thermal stress. Animals seem to produce substances in the culture media that influence their locomotor behavior under thermal stress.
  • Sublethal effects of malathion insecticide on growth of the freshwater crab Poppiana dentata (Randall, 1840) (Decapoda: Trichodactylidae) Original Article

    Singh, Delezia Shivani; Alkins-Koo, Mary; Rostant, Luke Victor; Mohammed, Azad

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Pesticides can interfere with various aspects of growth and the normal molt cycle of a crustacean. Poppiana dentata (Randall, 1840), an indigenous crab species, spends most of its life cycle in, and proximal to, benthic sediments in which pesticide residues can reside. This study sought to assess the sublethal effects of a locally-used, commercial malathion insecticide on growth aspects of P. dentata. Juvenile crabs were obtained from berried females collected in northwest Trinidad. Young crabs were placed in a control (insecticide-free) treatment and an exposure treatment involving continuous exposure to the malathion insecticide, at 10 µg/L concentration over five months (n = 4 crabs/treatment). Carapace width (CW), length (CL) and intermolt period were recorded and used to derive size increment, specific growth rate (SGR), growth curves and logistic equations. Malathion-exposed crabs exhibited irregular patterns in SGR and size increment. Exposed crabs also exhibited a delay in molting and longer intermolt periods, compared to the control crabs (p < 0.05). Breakpoint (17.5 mm CW) and maximum size (CW = 25.77 (1+exp (1.500-0.056t))-1) for exposed crabs were relatively smaller than those of the control (22.11 mm CW; CW = 34.30 (1+exp (1.774-0.035t))-1). Findings indicate that sublethal exposure to malathion insecticide altered growth patterns in P. dentata, some of which can influence maturity and later cascade into secondary consequences for local populations.
  • Podding of Paralomis granulosa (Lithodidae) juveniles inhabiting kelp forests of the Cape Horn Archipelago (Chile) Original Article

    Cañete, Ivan; Friedlander, Alan M.; Sala, Enric; Figueroa, Tania

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Subtidal observations along the Cape Horn Archipelago, Chile (CHA) in February 2017 revealed an unusually large aggregation (or pod) of juvenile false king crabs, Paralomis granulosa (Hombron and Jacquinot, 1846), in association with kelp forests (Macrocystis pyrifera and Lessonia spp.). This is the first study to report a dense aggregation of juveniles of this crab, which was observed at Wollaston Island (WI) (~ 10 m). Paralomis granulosa was present on half the transects at WI (N=10), with a density of 3.1 ± 9.9 ind. m-2. Photographs from the podding event showed densities of P. granulosa ranging from 63 to 367 ind. plant-1 (190 ± 133 ind. plant-1). Juveniles (32.8 ± 7.3 mm carapace length) were recorded on kelp fronds, holdfasts, kelp stipes, and adjacent rocky bottom of this protected coast. This podding behavior resembles that of other juvenile king crabs in terms of homogeneity in size structure and may be a predator avoidance mechanism. These observations highlight three aspects of this kelp-animal relationship: (i) identification of a previously unknown ecosystem service provided by sub-Antarctic kelp forests to the associated benthic fauna; (ii) the ecological value of kelp as a bioengineering species; and (iii) pods being an important attribute for population assessments. Due to the importance of the CHA in the life cycle for this and other species, we suggest the archipelago be incorporated within the recently established Diego Ramírez Island-Drake Passage Marine Park.
  • Shrimps of genus Lysmata Risso, 1816 (Caridea: Lysmatidae) from Queimada Grande Island region, southeastern Brazil Original Article

    Santos, Rafael de Carvalho; Alves, Douglas Fernandes Rodrigues; Carvalho-Batista, Abner

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract The objective of this study is to report the first occurrences of three species from the genus Lysmata Risso, 1816 in an area of the Queimada Grande Island (QGI), a conservation unit on the southern coast of São Paulo, southeastern Brazil. The specimens were sampled manually in August 2018 from a small rocky formation from the QGI region. The species Lysmata bahia Rhyne and Lin, 2006, Lysmata uncicornis Holthuis and Maruin, 1952, and Lysmata vittata (Stimpson, 1860) are reported, of which the last two are not native to the Western Atlantic waters. The present study reports L. uncicornis for the first time on the coast of São Paulo State. The records informed herein not only provide more information about biodiversity, but can also help in the development of management plans and conservation.
  • Rare deep-water crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda) from Indian waters, with description of one new species Original Article

    Padate, Vinay P.; Cubelio, Sherine Sonia; Takeda, Masatsune

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Deep-water brachyuran crabs collected from the Indian Exclusive Economic Zone by the Fishery Oceanographic Research Vessel “Sagar Sampada” in the southeastern Arabian Sea (50 m depth), southwestern Bay of Bengal (307 m depth), and in the vicinity of the Andaman and Nicobar Archipelagos (271-535 m depth) were studied. They are referred to Sphaerodromia kendalli (Alcock and Anderson, 1894) and Sphaerodromia nux Alcock, 1900 (family Dromiidae), Intesius brevipes sp. nov. (family Mathildellidae), Tunepugettia corbariae B.Y. Lee, Richer de Forges and P.K.L. Ng, 2019 (family Epialtidae), Cyrtomaia suhmii Miers, 1885 (family Inachidae), Chaceon alcocki Ghosh and Manning, 1993 (family Geryonidae), and Sphenomerides trapezioides (Wood-Mason, 1891) (family Trapeziidae). Sphaerodromia nux and T. corbariae are new records from Indian waters. The first male specimen of C. alcocki is reported, with a description of the male first gonopod. Intesius brevipes sp. nov. is the fifth species of the genus, differing from the four known congeners in the form and setation of the carapace, distinctly curved and granular anterolateral margins, and shorter pereopods with much slender merus and carpus articles.
  • Evaluation of the rheotaxis behavior of juveniles of the prawn Macrobrachium tenellum Smith, 1871 (Decapoda: Palaemonidae) under laboratory conditions Original Article

    Peña-Almaraz, Omar Alejandro; Badillo-Zapata, Daniel; Vargas-Ceballos, Manuel Alejandro; Chong-Carrillo, Olimpia; Palma-Cancino, David Julián; Espinosa-Magaña, Alí Francisco; Vega-Villasante, Fernando

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Understanding the upstream migration of amphidromous prawns is important to address the impact of anthropomorphic activities in natural freshwater ecosystems. The ability of Macrobrachium tenellum (Smith, 1871) juveniles to overcome an artificial barrier was evaluated, simulating an obstacle in their upstream migration, under an experimental laboratory system. The prawns were collected from a stream located in Puerto Vallarta, Mexico (N = 1000). An experimental recirculation system was used, which consisted of a tank with a capacity of 600 L, a sheet of galvanized steel that acted as an anthropogenic barrier and two submersible electric pumps with flows of 0.12 L/s and 0.40 L/s. In this system, two inclinations of the barrier were tested, 45° and 90° in combination with the two flows. The results show that there are significant differences between the treatments with different inclinations, where a higher stimulation response was observed at the 90° angle. Within this inclination, the flow of 0.40 L/s produced the highest stimulation to climb the barrier in prawns between 30 and 60 mm in length. This study demonstrates the direct relationship between the slope and the effect of water flow of the anthropogenic barriers that hinder the migration process of M. tenellum.
  • Population structure and fecundity of Macrobrachium jelskii (Miers, 1877) (Decapoda, Palaemonidae) on the Batateiras River, sub-basin of the Salgado River, in southern Ceará, Brazil Original Article

    Macêdo, Rayury Shimizu de; Martins, Carlos Antonio Muniz; Nascimento, Whandenson Machado; Pinheiro, Allysson Pontes

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract The freshwater prawn Macrobrachium jelskii (Miers, 1877) is a species with wide geographical distribution. However, the biological and ecological aspects of this species are poorly studied. Thus, the present study was carried out in Batateiras River, at the municipality of Juazeiro do Norte, located in the south of Ceará, in the semiarid region of northeastern Brazil. Samples were carried out monthly between January and December 2013, along the river margins. A total of 628 M. jelskii specimens were collected, 347 males and 281 females. The overall sex ratio was 1:0.81 (M:F). In relation to the carapace length, males reached sexual maturity at 5.1 mm while females reached morphological sexual maturity at 7.1 mm. Females were morphometrically larger than males, with means ​​of 7.04 mm (± 1.61) and 5.97 mm (± 0.78), respectively. The ovigerous females were more frequent in the rainy season. Female fecundity showed a positive correlation with growth. Thus, our results report previously unknown information about M. jelskii for a semiarid region of northeastern Brazil.
  • Effect of 20-OH ecdysone and methyl farnesoate on histomorphology of the Y-organ during late intermoult and postmoult stages in the freshwater crab Travancoriana schirnerae Bott, 1969 (Crustacea: Gecarcinucidae) Original Article

    Ayanath, Aswani; Raghavan, Sudha Devi Arath

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract This study investigated the effects of 20-OH ecdysone (20E) and methyl farnesoate (MF) administration on histomorphology of the Y-organ (YO) during late intermoult (C3 and C4) and early postmoult stages in the edible freshwater crab Travancoriana schirnerae Bott, 1969, widely distributed in the wetlands of Wayanad, Kerala, India. Histomorphological analyses of the 20E and MF administered crabs revealed that both 20E and MF were effective in inducing significant changes in YO during the late intermoult (P < 0.001) and early postmoult (P < 0.05) stages, as evidenced from a significant rise in the YO index (YO index = wet weight of YO/body weight of crab × 100), size of the gland and lobules, height of the lobular epithelium, cellular hypertrophy, presence of secretory vesicles and abundance of hemocytes. The results also indicated that the effects were more pronounced during the late intermoult stages than the postmoult stage and in the 20E administered crabs than the MF administered individuals. The percent increments in YO index, length and width of the gland and lobules and thickness of the lobular epithelium in 20E and MF injected crabs during the late intermoult stages were 25.95, 20.04, 27.22, 52.15, 67.24, 114.50 % and 16.19, 9.09, 14.45, 21.87, 23.97, 65.25 %, respectively while those of early postmoult were 13.63, 24.04, 25.73, 23.86, 26.13, 38.01 % and 9.09, 15.27, 19.85, 14.95, 19.65, 26.54 %, respectively. In conclusion, 20E and MF administration provide an excellent option for stimulation of YO, thereby inducing ecdysis and growth during the inactive stages (intermoult and postmoult) of the moult cycle.
  • Population structure and habitat occupation in two sympatric Aegla species (Decapoda, Anomura, Aeglidae) in Atlantic Forest, Brazil Original Article

    Boos, Harry; Stanski, Gilson; Araujo, Paula Beatriz; Bond-Buckup, Georgina

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract This study deals with population structure and habitat sharing of two sympatric aeglid species, Aegla jarai Bond-Buckup and Buckup, 1994 and Aegla muelleri Bond-Buckup and Buckup, 2010 at Espingarda Creek, Serra do Itajaí National Park, Rio Itajaí-Açú basin, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Individuals of A. jarai (n = 190) and A. muelleri (n = 131) were captured from June/2001 to May/2002 in monthly collection. A total of 89 males and 101 females (2 ovigerous) of A. jarai were collected with a sex ratio of 1:1, and 56 males and 75 females (2 ovigerous) of A. muelleri, with a predominance of females. Aegla jarai was larger than A. muelleri and the reproductive period of A. jarai was in the winter and spring, while that of A. muelleri was in the spring. Three cohorts were observed throughout the year, and both species have a recruiting period in the spring and summer. Both species perform their entire life cycle in the Espingarda Creek and their coexistence is attributed to space partitioning: the larger A. jarai lives in the large spaces formed between boulders, while the smaller A. muelleri shelters in the small spaces between pebbles.
  • New records of two cladoceran species (Branchiopoda: Anomopoda) from Northeastern Brazil: the importance of studies in temporary ponds Original Article

    Medeiros, Íttalo Luã Silva; dos Santos, Felipe Antonio; Cordeiro, Ralf Tarciso Silva; Melo Júnior, Mauro de

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Temporary ponds are heterogeneous aquatic environments, in which hydrodynamics and richness of macrophytes may increase the diversity of zooplankton and other invertebrate communities. Cladocerans are common residents of these ecosystems, showing great variability of forms. During a faunistic survey in temporary ponds under the influence of riparian vegetation, in the Camucim Forest Protected Area, Pernambuco Endemism Center, Brazil, the cladocerans Moina dumonti Kotov, Elías-Gutiérrez and Granado-Ramírez, 2005 and Chydorus nitidulus (Sars, 1901) were found. These are their first records in the Oriental Northeast Atlantic hydrographic region, and the second record of M. dumonti in Brazil. The present study raises Cladocera species richness in Pernambuco State to 73 and also 16 in the Pernambuco Endemism Center.
  • SEM studies on first and second gonopod morphology in Mithracidae (Decapoda: Brachyura) Original Article

    Lianos, Laira; Mollemberg, Michelle; Zara, Fernando José; Tavares, Marcos; Santana, William

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Gonopods are phylogenetically important morphological characters, and in several cases providing diagnostic characters to support taxonomic and phylogenetic studies. Relatively few studies, however, have emphasized in-depth descriptions of gonopods, and the functional morphology of these structures are poorly understood. We use SEM to describe and illustrate the two pairs of gonopods (G1 and G2) of nine species of Mithracidae (Majoidea) and of Macrocoeloma trispinosum Latreille, 1825, recently relocated to Epialtidae (Majoidea). The G1 was found to present the typical characteristics of Majoidea: long, with a mesial suture, setae inserted from the base to the distal second third and sensilla in the apical plate; the G2 is always short and conical. The apical region of the G1 was diagnostic for the species analyzed, which could provide important characters for differentiating among the majoids; and also for studying the functional, reproductive, and phylogenetic significance of these structures.
  • Variation in population and reproductive parameters of the amphipods, Cymadusa filosa Savigny, 1816 and Sunamphitoe pelagica (H. Milne Edwards, 1830), associated with Sargassum beds in an historically impacted bay Original Article

    Vicente, Vanessa Silva; Mansur, Karine Ferreira Ribeiro; Longo, Pedro Augusto dos Santos; Olivino, Ana Laura Lorenço; Leite, Fosca Pedini Pereira

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract The aim of this study is to investigate if Sargassum-associated herbivorous amphipods Cymadusa filosa Savigny, 1816 and Sunamphitoe pelagica (H. Milne Edwards, 1830) present differences in their population parameters at sites located at different distances from a state marina, which is the main source of pollution (especially heavy metals) in an impacted bay. The study was conducted at four beach sites within Flamengo Bay, Ubatuba municipality, northern coast of São Paulo State, Brazil. The beaches are Lamberto and Ribeira close to the pollution source and Flamengo and Santa Rita, which are more distant. We observed the predominance of juveniles in the populations of C. filosa and S. pelagica, followed by females, with the sex ratio for both species being favored toward females, and the highest densities of individuals were observed during the summer. Sunamphitoe pelagica presented lower density, smaller ovigerous females and egg volumes at Lamberto beach, indicating a possible higher sensitivity to metal pollution for this species. Cymadusa filosa showed no clear alteration of density, number of ovigerous females and egg volumes between sites. Our results emphasize the importance of studying the life history and reproductive parameters of herbivorous amphipods, showing how these parameters can be altered in contaminated areas.
  • Protein and amino acid composition of wild caught freshwater crayfish (Pontastacus leptodactylus) in the reproductive season Original Article

    Harlıoğlu, Ayşe Gül; Yılmaz, Ökkeş; Erdoğdu, Ayşe; Sıltar, Yeşim Bulut

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Interest in feeding crayfish under culture conditions has increased in the last few years; however, there is still a lack of information on feeding crayfish according to their nutritional requirements (i.e., protein and amino acid dietary demands of broodstock). In this study, the protein and amino acid composition of abdominal muscle, gonads and hepatopancreas of male and female broodstock crayfish Pontastacus leptodactylus (Eschscholtz, 1823) were determined in the reproductive season. The results show that in P. leptodactylus, the amount of protein in the ovary was 47.25 mg/g and that it was 35.03 mg/g and 39.36 mg/g in the testes and vasa deferentia, respectively. In males, the values of essential amino acids (EAA) obtained in the abdominal muscle were significantly lower than those obtained from the hepatopancreas, testes and vasa deferentia (P < 0.05). In female crayfish, EAA/total amino acids (TAA) were found to be 45.48 % in the ovary, which is significantly higher than that of the abdominal muscle (40.19 %) and hepatopancreas (42.14 %) (P < 0.05). The results also show that abdominal valine, threonine, lysine, and histidine were statistically higher in female crayfish than male crayfish (P < 0.01). Leucine was the major EAA found in males in abdominal muscle (8.73 %). In conclusion, this study analyzed the protein and amino acid composition of abdominal muscle, hepatopancreas and gonad of crayfish in the breeding season in order to understand the protein and amino acid contents of wild caught crayfish and get an idea on the nutritional requirements of P. leptodactylus in the reproductive season.
  • Northernmost occurrence and geographic distribution of Scyllarides astori Holthuis, 1960 (Scyllaridae) in the Eastern Tropical Pacific Original Article

    Melo, Francisco J. Fernández-Rivera; Díaz-Mora, Eduardo; Mora, Magdalena Précoma-de la; Hernández-Velasco, Arturo; Ayala-Bocos, Arturo

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract The Galapagos slipper lobster (Syllarides astori Holthuis, 1960) is a species extensively distributed on rocky and coral reefs, sand, and mud in the Eastern Tropical Pacific Ocean, within the Gulf of California, Galapagos Archipelago, mainland Ecuador, and Isla de Cocos. Its presence has been reported in the southern region of the Baja California peninsula (Los Cabos). Here we report the presence of S. astori in the Baja California peninsula from Natividad Island, Guadalupe Island, and Socorro Island, Revillagigedo Archipelago. The Guadalupe Island record extends the distribution of this species 1,055 km north of its known limit. We developed a potential distribution model, and the results revealed a high probability of occurrence in different regions of the Eastern Tropical Pacific, such as the Baja California coast, Gulf of California, Colombia, and Ecuador.
  • Ultrastructure of two microsporidians Inodosporus sp. and Myospora sp. co-infecting muscles of the Amazon River prawn Macrobrachium amazonicum (Heller, 1862) Original Article

    Paschoal, Lucas R.P.; Zara, Fernando J.; Rocha, Sónia; Alves, Ângela; Casal, Graça; Azevedo, Carlos

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract In the present study, we describe a co-infection of two microsporidians within the abdominal muscle of the Amazon River prawn Macrobrachium amazonicum from Brazil, detected through light and transmission electron microscopy and histopathological analysis. Two spore types and respective early developmental stages (meronts, sporonts, and sporoblasts) appeared grouped in numerous adjacent clusters among the muscle fibers of the host. Spores were initially divided into two morphotypes, Sp. 1 and Sp. 2, based on differences in shape, size, and internal organization. The Sp. 1 spores are pyriform to ovoid (4.3 ± 0.3 × 3.7 ± 0.4 µm in size) and resided in groups of eight within a sporophorous vesicle. Sp. 1 spores had bilayered walls and long tape-like external filaments with irregular morphology and size, forming a complex contiguous membranous system attached to the spore wall. The umbrella-like anchoring disc of the spores was in continuity with an anisofilar polar tube arranged in 7‒8 (rarely 9) coils. The Sp. 2 spores were rod-like in shape (3.1 ± 0.5 × 0.8 ± 0.1 µm in diameter) and the polar tube had 7‒8 coils. Their merogonic and sporogonic stages occurred within the sarcoplasm of the muscle cells in close contact with the myofibrils. Based on ultrastructural organization of the sporogonic stages, the Sp. 1 and Sp. 2 morphotypes probably belong to the genera Inodosporus and Myospora, respectively.
  • Larvae and macro-crustaceans along the coastline of the Parque Nacional Sistema Arrecifal Veracruzano, SW Gulf of Mexico Original Article

    Cházaro-Olvera, Sergio; Arias-Martínez, Ariel; Montoya-Mendoza, Jesús; Morán-Silva, Ángel; Chávez-López, Rafael; Vázquez-López, Horacio; Rodríguez-Varela, Asela del Carmen

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract We evaluated the composition, distribution, and abundance of the decapod genera at different developmental stages of larvae and adult macro-crustaceans along the coastline of the Parque Nacional Sistema Arrecifal Veracruzano, SW Gulf of Mexico. Collections were made using light traps. Temperature, salinity, oxygen, and pH were measured in situ. The samples were fixed with 70 % alcohol, separated, and identified by developmental stage and genus level with specialized literature. The Olmstead-Tukey test, the Shannon-Wiener diversity index, and Pielou equitability test were applied. Canonical correlation and cluster analysis were performed. In total, 20,049 individuals of 56 stage-genera were collected, with Potimirim Holthuis, 1954 postlarvae being the most abundant ones. The most abundant taxa were Potimirim at Playa Martí, Macrobrachium Spence Bate, 1868 at Plaza de la Soberanía, and Pachygrapsus Randall, 1840 at Playa Villa del Mar and Playa Tortugas. At Playa Villa del Mar, the highest diversity was found (3.47 bits*individuals-1), and this is related to the complexity of the site. In May, the greatest diversity (3.64 bits*individuals-1) was found, related to the time of reproduction of most of the stage-genera. Most stage-genera were classified as rare. Cluster analysis resulted in two groups, one containing taxa found in cold and wet months and the other of taxa found in dry months. Thus, the dynamics of the taxocene structure is determined by the lifecycles of the species, responding to the migration, reproduction, and colonization of each stage-genera.
  • Seasonal variation in the population structure of the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium brasiliense (Decapoda: Palaemonidae) in a neotropical region Original Article

    Nogueira, Caio Santos; Alves, Douglas Fernandes Rodrigues; Costa, Rogerio Caetano; Almeida, Ariádine Cristine

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract The present study aims to describe the population structure of the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium brasiliense and to analyze whether it varies seasonally, with emphasis on abundance variation by demographic category, sex ratio, size, and morphotypes, in addition to analyzing the recruitment period and its relationship with rainfall. The collections of M. brasiliense were carried out in a Cerrado region, in the southeastern region of Brazil. The population structure was analyzed according to the size, sex, and life stage. The density of morphotypes was calculated by the proportion of each morphotype in the population. Male and female prawns were more abundant in the largest and smallest size classes, respectively. The juvenile morphotype was the most abundant among males (45.9 %), while the “Mirim” and “Açu” morphotypes occurred in a similar proportion (27.87 % and 26.23 %, respectively). The population structure varied significantly between seasons (dry and rainy). A relationship of juvenile abundance with rainfall was recorded. The recruitment period was observed between the end of the rainy season and the beginning of the dry season, while adults were more abundant at the end of the dry season and the beginning of the rainy season. The information in this study contributes to the knowledge of the influence of seasonality and rainfall on populations of aquatic organisms in the Cerrado region, such as the prawn M. brasiliense. Rainfall seasonality affects the population structure of these organisms between seasons, possibly due to the top-down and bottom-up effects caused by different rates of nutrient input in such aquatic systems.
  • Two new distributional records of Palaemonella Dana, 1852 shrimps (Decapoda: Caridea: Palaemonidae) from Lakshadweep Islands, India Original Article

    Jose, Sheena; Paramasivam, Purushothaman; Chandran, Rejani; Bharathi, S.; Dhinakaran, A.; Kumar, Thipramalai Thangappan Ajith; Lal, Kuldeep K.

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract The present study reports two new distributional records of palaemonid shrimp, Palaemonella tenuipes Dana, 1852, and P. rotumana (Borradaile, 1898) from the Lakshadweep region, Arabian Sea. The study provides detailed information on, and insight into, diagnostic characters, distinctiveness, and illustrations of both species. The individuals of P. tenuipes were collected from a depth of about 0.5 m in shallow barren pools on rocky flats near the shore, while a specimen of P. rotumana was collected from a dead coral patch at a depth of 1-2 m. The intraspecific genetic divergences were estimated for both species using COI and 16S sequence data.
  • On a new species of freshwater crab of the genus Mekhongthelphusa Naiyanetr, 1994 (Decapoda: Brachyura: Gecarcinucidae) from south Yunnan, China Original Article

    Pan, Da; Yeo, Darren C.J.; Sun, Hongying

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract A new gecarcinucid freshwater crab, Mekhongthelphusa menglongensis sp. nov., is described from Menglong Town, Jinghong City, Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province, China. This is the first report of the mainly Indochinese genus Mekhongthelphusa Naiyanetr, 1994, in China. The new species can be distinguished morphologically from the other four nominal species in this genus by its carapace and male first gonopod. The mitochondrial 16S sequences of this new species are provided and the phylogenetic position of the genus is discussed.
  • Alien crustacean species recorded in Ecuador Review

    Zambrano, René; Ramos, John

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Alien species are organisms introduced into an area outside of their natural range and are considered a major cause of biodiversity loss in the marine environment. The aim of this work is to report on the alien crustacean species observed in Ecuador. A bibliographic review was conducted using a digital search in the scientific literature. A total of ten alien species of crustaceans, representing eight genera in seven families, were encountered in Ecuador. The only crab, Cardisoma crassum Smith, 1870, was observed in the Galapagos Islands. The other species include barnacles, crayfishes, and freshwater prawns. Native ranges of the alien crustaceans include the Indo-Pacific region, North America, Asia, and Australia. Major introduction pathways are aquaculture and transport by ship. Procambarus alleni (Faxon, 1884) was reported recently as an aquarium species, but its presence in the natural environmental is currently unknown. One alien species has been introduced each decade since the 1960s. Some species (the barnacles Amphibalanus improvisus (Darwin, 1854), Amphibalanus reticulatus (Utinomi, 1967), and the copepod Lernaea cyprinacea Linnaeus, 1758) were reported as alien species for Ecuador but need verification regarding their current status. Additionally, the barnacle Dosima fascicularis (Ellis and Solander, 1786) presented an occasional record in the Galapagos Islands, but due to its dispersal ability and open ocean habitat it is not possible to conclude that this really is an alien species. The list of alien crustacean species recorded in Ecuador is considered incomplete due to both scarce published work regarding this topic and taxonomic problems. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out more research to establish a complete list of the alien species present in Ecuador and assess their impact on aquatic ecosystems.
  • First record of Manningis arabicum (Jones and Clayton, 1983) (Decapoda, Brachyura, Camptandriidae) from India Short Communication

    Patel, Krupal; Patel, Pooja; Trivedi, Jigneshkumar

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract The present paper confirms the occurrence of the brachyuran crab Manningis arabicum (Jones and Clayton, 1983) in India. The species has thus far been recorded from Kuwait, Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Pakistan and now also from the northwestern coast of India.
  • Distribution of the giant river prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man, 1879) in Brazil: 43 years after its introduction Short Communication

    Oliveira, Cicero Diogo Lins de; Santos, Lucia Vanessa Rocha

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man, 1879) is a freshwater prawn from Malaysia and in 1977 it was introduced in Brazil for development of carciniculture. However, this species is currently found in various natural environments in the Brazilian states. The present study aimed at conducting a survey of M. rosenbergii sites in the natural environment, and shrimp farming ponds using this species. To do so, a search was conducted in scientific articles and databases on the occurrence of the species in Brazil. We found reports in 80 different sites in Brazil. Macrobrachium rosenbergii was found in the natural environment in eight states and 43 cities, with the largest amount of reports being from the states of Pará and Maranhão. In addition, we found 28 reports in 13 states of shrimp farming ponds. Macrobrachium rosenbergii was not reported in natural environments in the Center-West region (except in state of Goiás) and North region (except in state of Pará). Moreover, we found that most of the M. rosenbergii reports were in temperature equal to or greater than 25 °C. Therefore, this species has expanded its area of occurrence throughout various Brazilian states, and we believe that this expansion may be greater than that reported in the current study.
  • On a trip to the mainland: occasional records of the rocky crab Grapsus grapsus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Decapoda: Grapsidae) on the Brazilian coast Short Communication

    Macedo, Thais Peixoto; Arai, Tammy Iwasa; Pinheiro, Hudson T.; Freire, Andrea Santarosa

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract The Sally lightfoot crab, Grapsus grapsus (Linnaeus, 1758), is distributed along the Eastern Pacific coast and along the Western Atlantic coast, from the Gulf of Mexico to the Southwestern Atlantic. In Brazil, the only established populations are found on the Brazilian oceanic islands, although two previous records (1901 and 1966) reported the presence of individuals on the continental coast. Here, we report new records of the Sally lightfoot crab on the coast of the states of Espírito Santo and Rio Grande do Norte, southeastern and northeastern Brazil, respectively. We also discuss three main hypotheses that could explain occasional records (1901, 1966, 2005, and 2020) of single individuals on the mainland: rafting events associated with flotsam and debris carried by oceanic currents; hitchhiking on vessels and fishing boats navigating routes from the Brazilian oceanic islands to the mainland; and stochastic settlement through larval dispersal.
  • First confirmed record of Sarmatium crassum Dana, 1851 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Sesarmidae) from India Short Communication

    Bhat, Mithila; Rivonker, Chandrashekher; Patel, Krupal; Trivedi, Jigneshkumar

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract The present paper confirms the occurrence of the sesarmid crab Sarmatium crassum Dana, 1851 in India. The species has so far been recorded from Samoa, Tahiti, New Caledonia, eastern Australia, Philippines, Madagascar, South Africa, Tanzania, and Eritrea (Red Sea). This is the first record of the species from India.
Sociedade Brasileira de Carcinologia Instituto de Biociências, UNESP, Campus Botucatu, Rua Professor Doutor Antônio Celso Wagner Zanin, 250 , Botucatu, SP, 18618-689 - Botucatu - SP - Brazil
E-mail: editor.nauplius@gmail.com