Evaluation of sexual pheromone of Neoleucinodes elegantalis Guenée (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)

Cesar A. Badji Alvaro E. Eiras Aivlé Cabrera Klaus Jaffe About the authors

Four synthetic components of the sexual pheromone identified from the small tomato borer Neoleucinodes elegantalis Guenée (BPT) were evaluated: (E)-11-hexadecenol (E11-16:OH), (Z)-11-hexadecenol (Z11-16:OH), (E)-11-hexadecenal (E11-16:Al) and (E)-11-hexadecenyl acetate (E11-16:OAc). Field tests were carried out with traps aiming at identifying the most effective component in the capture of N. elegantalis males, and determining the effect of different concentrations of the isomeric Z11-16:OH, in a mixture with the most effective component, in the capture of the males. In laboratory, electrophysiological tests were carried out with an electroantennograph to monitor the response of the antenna of N. elegantalis males to logarithmic concentrations of the four identified components. E11-16:OH, at the concentration of 100 µg, was the most effective among the tested components of the sexual pheromone of BPT. The isomer of this component, Z11-16:OH, was added and reduced insect capture. Physiological responses to all tested components were registered. E11-16:OH promoted depolarization of the antenna in straight relation with its concentration, while for the others components, the chemoreceptors have responded only to the higher concentrations.

Insect; trap; small tomato borer; EAG; monitoring

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