Grain yield adaptation and stability of bean genotypes

Clause Fátima de Brum Piana Irajá Ferreira Antunes João Gilberto Corrêa da Silva Expedito Paulo Silveira

Adaptation and stability analysis of grain yield of eleven bean (Phaseolus vulgarisL.) genotypes were performed using data collected from trials carried out in 23 locations of Rio Grande do Sul State (Brazil), from 1988/89 to 1993/94, comprising 72 environments. The objective was to identify the best genotypes for cultivation throughout the state as well as for breeding purposes. Genotypes, were Rio Tibagi, Guateian 6662, EMPASC201, FT 120, Macanudo, Pampa, Minuano, Macotaço, CNF 5491, Carioca and Iraí. Segmented regression method with estimated join point was used. Absence of significant alteration of the genotype individual linear response rates indicated the linear regression method as appropriate for this study. All genotypes presented significant regression deviation, characterizing phenotypic instability. Genotypes differed in regard to average yield and response rate, being classified as: Minuano, Macotaço, CNF 5491 and Macanudo of general adaptation; Rio Tibagi, Pampa and Iraí of poor adaptation to all environments; Guateian 6662 and EMPASC201 of specific adaptation to poor environments; genotypes FT 120 and Carioca of average adaptation to all environments. These results pointed out Minuano, Macotaço, CNF 5491 and Macanudo as the most productive and best adapted to the considered environments. These genetically related genotypes displayed similar adaptability among themselves and different from the others as well as no differential stability from some of them.

Phaseolus vulgaris; linear regression; segmented regression

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