Nitrate leaching in a Typic Haplustox planted with mayze after successive applications of sewage sludge

José Flavio Dynia Manoel Dornelas de Souza Rita Carla Boeira About the authors

The objective of this work was to evaluate nitrate leaching caused by applications of sewage sludge and mineral fertilizer in a Typic Haplustox cultivated with mayze. N aplication rates in five crops, in the treatment with mineral fertilizer (AM), were 51, 90, 100, 90 and 100 kg ha-1. In the sludge treatments (L0N, L1N, L2N, L4N and L8N), the rates of available N applied to each crop were equivalent to zero, one, two, four, and eight times those of AM. N-NO3- leaching occurred in all treatments, following the order AM<L0N<L1N<L2N<L4N<L8N. Mean total losses of N-NO3- in treatments L1N, L2N, L4N and L8N reached 430, 1,020, 2,400 and 3,970 kg ha-1, respectively (28, 42, 54 and 45% of the total N applied, respectively). Treatments L2N, L4N and L8N showed the greatest soil solution N-NO3- concentrations during the fourth crop, with peak values varying between 86 mg L-1 (treatment L2N) and 464 mg L-1 (treatment L8N). In treatments AM, L0N and L1N, soil solution N-NO3- concentrations during the fourth crop varied from 5 to 9, 19 to 36, and 33 to 71 mg L-1, respectively.

soil solution; contamination; biosolid; nitrogen losses

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