Accessibility / Report Error

An overview of migratory birds in Brazil

Abstract

We reviewed the occurrences and distributional patterns of migratory species of birds in Brazil. A species was classified as migratory when at least part of its population performs cyclical, seasonal movements with high fidelity to its breeding grounds. Of the 1,919 species of birds recorded in Brazil, 198 (10.3%) are migratory. Of these, 127 (64%) were classified as Migratory and 71 (36%) as Partially Migratory. A few species (83; 4.3%) were classified as Vagrant and eight (0,4%) species could not be defined due to limited information available, or due to conflicting data.

Key-Words.
Migration; Partial migration; Austral migration; Breeding displacement; Altitudinal movement

INTRODUCTION

Bird migration - the cyclic and seasonal movement of individuals between their breeding and non-breeding sites (Webster et al., 2002Webster, M.S.; Marra, P.P.; Haig, S.M.; Bensch, S. & Holmes, R.T. 2002. Links between worlds: unraveling migratory connectivity. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 17: 76-83.) - is a phenomenon that has been captivating and fascinating mankind for centuries (Lincoln, 1979Lincoln, F.C. 1979. Migration of birds. Fish & Wildlife Service/United States Department of the Interior. Circular, 16: 1-119.). In the Americas, the historic scientific interest in bird migration is reflected in the wide array of literature on the topic (e.g.,Rappole, 1995Rappole, J.H. 1995. The ecology of migrant birds: a Neotropical perspective. Washington, Smithsonian Institution Press.; Greenberg & Marra, 2005Greenberg, R. & Marra, P.P. 2005. Birds of two worlds: the ecology and evolution of migration. Baltimore, The John Hopkins University Press.; Faaborg et al., 2010aFaaborg, J.; Holmes, R.T.; Anders, A.D.; Bildstein, K.L.; Dugger, K.M.; Gauthreaux Jr., S.A.; Heglund, P.; Hobson, K.A.; Jahn, A.E.; Johnson, D.H.; Latta, S.C.; Levey, D.J.; Marra, P.P.; Merkord, C.L.; Nol, E.; Rothstein, S.I.; Sherry, T.W.; Sillett, T.S.; Thompson III, F.R. & Warnock, N. 2010a. Recent advances in understanding migration systems of New World land birds. Ecological Monographs, 80(1): 2-48.). This literature also reveals that most studies are biased towards migration patterns of North American species, whereas migratory patterns in the Southern Hemisphere are relatively poorly studied (Faaborg et al., 2010bFaaborg, J.; Holmes, R.T.; Anders, A.D.; Bildstein, K.L.; Dugger, K.M.; Gauthreaux Jr., S.A.; Heglund, P.; Hobson, K.A.; Jahn, A.E.; Johnson, D.H.; Latta, S.C.; Levey, D.J.; Marra, P.P.; Merkord, C.L.; Nol, E.; Rothstein, S.I.; Sherry, T.W.; Sillett, T.S.; Thompson, F.R. & Warnock, N. 2010b. Conserving migratory land birds in the New World: Do we know enough? Ecological Applications, 20: 398-418.).

In Brazil, bird migration (especially that of continental species) was overviewed by Sick (1983Sick, H. 1983. Migrações de aves na América do Sul Continental (tradução: Walter A. Voss). Brasília, Cemave - Instituto Brasileiro de Desenvolvimento Florestal. (Publicação Técnica nº 2)., 1997). However, despite the efforts of many authors, major gaps in our knowledge remains (see Alves, 2007Alves, M.A.S. 2007. Sistemas de migrações de aves em ambientes terrestres no Brasil: exemplos, lacunas e propostas para o avanço do conhecimento. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 15: 231-238.). The Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicos - CBRO (Piacentini et al., 2015Piacentini, V.Q.; Aleixo, A.; Agne, C.E.; Maurício, G.N.; Pacheco, J.F.; Bravo, G.A.; Brito, G.R.R.; Naka, L.N.; Olmos, F.; Posso, S.; Silveira, L.F.; Betini, G.S.; Carrano, E.; Franz, I.; Lees, A.C.; Lima, L.M.; Pioli, D.; Schunck, F.; Amaral, F.R.; Bencke, G.A.; Cohn-Haft, M.; Figueiredo, L.F.A.; Straube F.C. & Cesari, E. 2015. Annotated checklist of the birds of Brazil by the Brazilian Ornithological Records Committee/Lista comentada das aves do Brasil pelo Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicos. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 23(2): 91-298.) maintains a list of all Brazilian birds with documented occurrence in Brazil (as well as those of reported but undocumented occurrence), and classifies all species’ general migratory movements. The CBRO does not, however, identify which species breed in Brazil and migrate to neighboring or other countries; which complete their entire migratory cycle within Brazilian territory; and which are partial migrants (i.e., only part of their population migrates).

There are, therefore, major gaps in our understanding of when, how and where different populations of Brazilian birds migrate, and little information about these species’ ecology, especially away from the breeding grounds. For these reasons, as well as to provide basic information to federal regulatory agencies (CONAMA, 2014Conselho Nacional do Meio Ambiente (CONAMA). 2014. Resolução CONAMA nº 462/2014. Diário Oficial da União: 96.), we performed a wide and thorough data compilation from conventional and ‘gray’ literature to develop the most complete assessment to date of seasonal movements and migratory patterns for all bird species in Brazil. Through revision of the current state of knowledge and by setting clear criteria to support our judgments and reviewing the current state of knowledge, including data held in an open access digital database, we present the first annotated list of migratory species of birds in Brazil.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Migration is defined herein as a movement executed by a population or part of a population between at least one breeding site to which it exhibits fidelity and another, non-breeding site or sites in a cyclical, seasonal manner (following Berthold, 2001Berthold, P. 2001. The phenomena of bird migration. Bird Migration: a general survey. New York, Oxford University Press., and Dingle, 2014Dingle, H. 2014. Migration - the biology of life on the move. Croydon, UK, Oxford University Press. 326p., unless otherwise stated).

The following were not considered migratory movements: (1) juvenile dispersal after leaving the nest, which has been defined as one-way (Dingle, 2014Dingle, H. 2014. Migration - the biology of life on the move. Croydon, UK, Oxford University Press. 326p.) and having no fidelity to a breeding site; and (2) daily movements that are routine, such as commuting between resting and feeding sites or even during foraging, which is usually restricted to an individual’s home range (Newton, 2010Newton, I. 2010. The Migration Ecology of Birds. London, Academic Press.).

We analyzed all species present on both the primary and secondary lists of Brazilian birds (Piacentini et al., 2015Piacentini, V.Q.; Aleixo, A.; Agne, C.E.; Maurício, G.N.; Pacheco, J.F.; Bravo, G.A.; Brito, G.R.R.; Naka, L.N.; Olmos, F.; Posso, S.; Silveira, L.F.; Betini, G.S.; Carrano, E.; Franz, I.; Lees, A.C.; Lima, L.M.; Pioli, D.; Schunck, F.; Amaral, F.R.; Bencke, G.A.; Cohn-Haft, M.; Figueiredo, L.F.A.; Straube F.C. & Cesari, E. 2015. Annotated checklist of the birds of Brazil by the Brazilian Ornithological Records Committee/Lista comentada das aves do Brasil pelo Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicos. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 23(2): 91-298.) in terms of movement patterns, and then classified them into one of the four following categories: (a) Migratory (MGT) - species with populations moving away from their breeding sites in a regular and seasonal manner, then returning for each breeding season; (b) Partially Migratory (MPR) - species whose populations are part migratory and part resident; (c) Resident - species that occupy the same area all year round or that have unpredictable movement patterns, without fidelity to a breeding site, this also includes species considered nomads by some authors, such as Winkler (2005Winkler, D.W. 2005. How do migration and dispersal interact? In: Greenberg, R. & Marra, P.P. (Eds.). Birds of two worlds: the ecology and evolution of migration. The John Hopkins University Press. p. 401-413.), Newton (2010Newton, I. 2010. The Migration Ecology of Birds. London, Academic Press.) and Kristensen et al. (2013Kristensen, M.W.; Tøttrup, A.P. & Thorup, K. 2013. Migration of the Common Redstart (Phoenicurus phoenicurus): A Eurasian songbird wintering in highly seasonal conditions in the West African Sahel. Auk, 130(2): 258-264.); and (d) Vagrant - a species with localized and occasional occurrence within Brazilian territory, mostly with records of isolated individuals. Species with little or no information available, or with conflicting data, such that they could not be placed into any of the categories above, were classified as “Not Defined” (ND).

The categorization of species was done in two steps: first, we compiled a list of all species for which there was at least some indication of migratory movement in the literature. These were obtained from Google Scholar, Scielo, Web of Science and Zoological Records; publications from the last ten years that contained key-words such as “bird migration, seasonal movement, altitudinal movement” and related movements, and including those regarded as migratory by BirdLife International (2016)BirdLife International. 2016. Country profile: Brazil. Available at: Available at: www.birdlife.org/datazone/country/brazil . Access in: 14/04/2016.
www.birdlife.org/datazone/country/brazil...
. These species were then individually classified into one of the above categories.

In this step we used data from the Brazilian National Banding System database - Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA) managed by Cemave/ICMBio and from the website WikiAves (www.wikiaves.com.br). Photographs of species that are difficult to identify were carefully analyzed and, in cases of uncertainty, were discarded. We most recently consulted these databases in July, 2016. We also compiled data from the three major museum collections of Brazilian birds - Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo (MZUSP), Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro (MNRJ) and Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi (MPEG).

Once we had defined the preliminary list of migratory birds, approximately 30 researchers with experience in bird migration in Brazil and elsewhere were consulted and some of their contributions, based on field experience, gray literature, and/or unpublished data, augmented our list.

Assessment of Partially Migratory species was especially difficult; details concerning different populations are explained, whenever possible, to clarify their geographical distributions. Although such populations may be distinct taxonomically at a subspecific level, those differences have not been addressed here, since taxonomic and nomenclatural issues are beyond the scope of this study.

We do, however, call special attention to species whose population movements are poorly known and which would benefit from focused study. Gaps in knowledge are detailed whenever possible, suggesting the type of study necessary to better comprehend a species’ movement patterns.

The species list follows the nomenclature proposed by the Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicos and, as such, species that do not have documented records for the Brazilian territory are cited between brackets (Piacentini et al., 2015Piacentini, V.Q.; Aleixo, A.; Agne, C.E.; Maurício, G.N.; Pacheco, J.F.; Bravo, G.A.; Brito, G.R.R.; Naka, L.N.; Olmos, F.; Posso, S.; Silveira, L.F.; Betini, G.S.; Carrano, E.; Franz, I.; Lees, A.C.; Lima, L.M.; Pioli, D.; Schunck, F.; Amaral, F.R.; Bencke, G.A.; Cohn-Haft, M.; Figueiredo, L.F.A.; Straube F.C. & Cesari, E. 2015. Annotated checklist of the birds of Brazil by the Brazilian Ornithological Records Committee/Lista comentada das aves do Brasil pelo Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicos. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 23(2): 91-298.). Brazilian states are represented by their official codes (ISO/TC 46, 2013ISO/TC 46. 2013. Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions. Part 2: Country subdivision codes. International Standardization Organization ISO 3166-2.).

RESULTS

Of the 1,919 bird species in Brazil, 198 (10.3%) exhibit migratory behavior. Of these, 127 (64%) were considered Migratory and 71 (36%) Partially Migratory. Eighty-three species (4.3% of the total) were classified as “Vagrant” and eight (0,4%) as “Not Defined” (Table 1).

Table 1
List of Brazilian migratory (MGT), partially migratory (MPR), vagrant (VAG) and not defined (ND) bird species, with remarks on breeding activity in the national territory. Those marked with asterisks should be prioritized in further studies. Species present on the secondary list of Piacentini et al. (2015Piacentini, V.Q.; Aleixo, A.; Agne, C.E.; Maurício, G.N.; Pacheco, J.F.; Bravo, G.A.; Brito, G.R.R.; Naka, L.N.; Olmos, F.; Posso, S.; Silveira, L.F.; Betini, G.S.; Carrano, E.; Franz, I.; Lees, A.C.; Lima, L.M.; Pioli, D.; Schunck, F.; Amaral, F.R.; Bencke, G.A.; Cohn-Haft, M.; Figueiredo, L.F.A.; Straube F.C. & Cesari, E. 2015. Annotated checklist of the birds of Brazil by the Brazilian Ornithological Records Committee/Lista comentada das aves do Brasil pelo Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicos. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 23(2): 91-298.) are between brackets.

Of the 103 bird families in Brazil, 37 (35,9%) are represented by at least one migratory or partially migratory species. Of these, the most numerous are Tyrannidae (33 spp.), Scolopacidae (21 spp.), Procellaridae (20 spp.), Thraupidae (13 spp.) and Anatidae (12 spp.), which account for 50% of the 198 species, as shown in Table 2. In a field of study as incipient as it is the case of migratory bird ecology in Brazil, these results should be interpreted with caution, and subject to frequent revision.

Table 2
List of all represented families within the 198 migrant species and number of migrant species for each of them.

Migratory species accounts (MGT)

Anatidae

Anas sibilatrix (MGT): endemic to South America, breeding in southern Argentina, central Chile and on the Malvinas/Falkland Islands (Chesser, 1994Chesser, R.T. 1994. Migration in South America: an overview of the austral system. Bird Conservation International, 4(2-3): 91-107.; Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). Populations that breed in the southern part of the distribution migrate to lower latitudes during austral winter and reach southern Brazil (Carboneras, 1992aCarboneras, C. 1992a. Family Anatidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 536-628.). In Brazil, there are records of few individuals, which suggest that it is a marginal population that possibly represents less than 1% of the global population (ARA, 2016Atlas de Registro de Aves Brasileiras (ARA). 2016. Anas sibilatrix. Available at: Available at: http://ara.cemave.net . Access in: 15/01/2016.
http://ara.cemave.net...
). For Rio Grande do Sul (RS) there are records in June and August (Maurício & Dias, 1996Maurício, G.N. & Dias, R.A. 1996. Novos registros e extensões de distribuição de aves palustres e costeiras no litoral sul do Rio Grande do Sul. Ararajuba, 4(1): 47-51.) and isolated records in October, February and July (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.). Photographic records are restricted to September and October for RS and to September for São Paulo (SP) (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Anas discors (MGT): breeds in North America from southern Alaska to central USA and the Gulf Coast. It spends the boreal winter in part of the USA, the Antilles, the Bahamas, Central America and northern South America, including northern Brazil (Carboneras & Kirwan, 2016Carboneras, C. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016. Blue-winged Teal (Spatula discors). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions, Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/52891 . Access in: 08/08/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/52891...
). In late August it reaches the floodplains of Marajó Island/Pará (PA) and lowlands of Maranhão (MA) (Antas, 1987Antas, P.T.Z. 1987. Migração de aves no Brasil. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 2º, 1986, Rio de Janeiro. Anais. Rio de Janeiro, Editora da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. p. 153-187.) probably in non-stop flights originating from its breeding sites. Juveniles banded in Canada and the USA (n = 93) between July and September were recovered in the Brazilian states of Acre (AC), PA, MA, Piauí (PI), Ceará (CE), Rio Grande do Norte (RN), Paraíba (PB), Minas Gerais (MG) and Rio de Janeiro (RJ) between December and February (Mestre et al., 2010Mestre, L.A.M.; Roos, A.L. & Nunes, M.F. 2010. Análise das recuperações no Brasil de aves anilhadas no exterior entre 1927 e 2006. Ornithologia, 4(1): 15-35.; MZUSP 42153 [PA, 1959, January]). In addition, there are records between January and March for Roraima (RR), Amazonas (AM), PA and MA (Azevedo-Júnior, 2007Azevedo-Júnior, S.M. 2007. Aves Migratórias e a Influenza aviária no Brasil. In: Congresso Brasileiro de Ornitologia, 15º. Resumos. Porto Alegre, PUCRS. p. 27-29.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). However, there are also records for RJ between April and August (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; MZUSP 78523 [1966, May]), as well as for SP (Silva-e-Silva & Olmos, 2007Silva-e-Silva, R. & Olmos, F. 2007. Adendas e registros significativos para a avifauna dos manguezais de Santos e Cubatão, SP. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 15(4): 551-560.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). For Paraná (PR) (Vallejos et al., 2011Vallejos, M.A.V.; Lanzer, M.; Silva, M.A.; Meijer, A.A.R.; Carrano, E. & Straube, F.C. 2011. Parque Regional do Iguaçu e adjacências. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 292-297.) and RS, where it appears to be vagrant, there are records only in November (Belton, 1978Belton, W. 1978. Supplementary list of new birds for Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Auk, 95: 413-415.). However, the occurrence of this species outside northern Brazil is occasional and irregular.

Oxyura vittata (MGT): occurs in Chile, Argentina and southern Brazil. Populations that breed to the south of the distribution migrate north during winter, especially from April to August, and reach RS and Mato Grosso do Sul (MS) (Carboneras, 1992). In Brazil, this species occurs from January to July in RS, from January to May in Santa Catarina (SC), in February and March in PR and in July in MS (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP 2415 [RS, 1894, April]).

Phoenicopteridae

Phoenicopterus chilensis (MGT): occurs from central western Ecuador to the south, through the Andes, as far as Tierra del Fuego, and to the east reaching southern Brazil and Uruguay (del Hoyo et al., 2016adel Hoyo, J.; Boesman, P. & Garcia, E.F.J. 2016a. Chilean Flamingo (Phoenicopterus chilensis). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/52786 . Access in: 09/08/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/52786...
). It breeds in the region of Buenos Aires and Córdoba provinces in Argentina and migrates east towards the coastal lagoons in southern Brazil and Uruguay (Antas, 1994Antas, P.T.Z. 1994. Migration and other movements among the lower Paraná River valley wetlands, Argentina, and the south Brazil/Pantanal wetlands. Bird Conservation International, 4(2-3): 181-190.), reaching the Lagoa do Peixe/RS, where they are recorded in large numbers from April to September (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.; Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; Bencke et al., 2006Bencke, G.A.; Mauricio, G.N.; Develey, P.F. & Goerck, J.M. 2006. Áreas importantes para a Conservação das aves no Brasil: Parte I - Estados do Domínio da Mata Atlântica. São Paulo, SAVE Brasil.). There is no evidence of breeding activity in Brazil, but photographic records suggest that the species is present all year round in RS (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), possibly represented by non-breeding individuals that are immature and remain in the state until they reach breeding age (FZBRS, 2013Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul (FZBRS). 2013. Revisão da Lista das Espécies da Fauna Silvestre Ameaçadas de Extinção no Rio Grande do Sul. Consulta Pública. Available at: Available at: www.fzb.rs.gov.br/upload/1396360907_fauna_ameacada.pdf . FZBRS e SEMA/RS. Access in: 17/06/2015.
www.fzb.rs.gov.br/upload/1396360907_faun...
). There are records of this species for PR only in October, for SP between June and January, and for RJ specifically in April, June, September, November and December (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP 101724 [SP, 2016, January]; MNRJ 39058 [RJ, 1994, June]).

Spheniscidae

Spheniscus magellanicus (MGT): occurs in Chile, Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil. It departs from its breeding site in Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego in April and migrates at each austral winter to the mouth of the Plata River, Uruguayan coast and southern and southeastern Brazil north to the state of RJ (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; ICMBio, 2010Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade (ICMBio). 2010. Projeto Nacional de Monitoramento do Pinguim de Magalhães, Spheniscus magellanicus.). It reaches Brazil in mid-May and departs from the coast in September (Antas, 1987Antas, P.T.Z. 1987. Migração de aves no Brasil. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 2º, 1986, Rio de Janeiro. Anais. Rio de Janeiro, Editora da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. p. 153-187.). It is vagrant in northeastern Brazil and records in this region have been increasing (Martínez, 1992Martínez, I. 1992. Family Spheniscidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 140-161.), which suggests that this region is an extension of the wintering area of the species, especially since 2008 (Dantas et al., 2013Dantas, G.P.M.; Almeida, V.S.; Maracini, P.; Serra, S.D.; Chame, M.; Labarthe, N.; Kolesnikovas, C.; Siciliano, S.; Matias, C.A.R.; Moura, J.F.; Campos, S.D.E.; Mader, A. & Serafini, P.P. 2013. Evidence for northward extension of the winter range of Magellanic Penguins along the Brazilian coast. Marine Ornithology, 41(2): 195-197.). Photografic and museum records endorse a major Brazilian occurence of the species in the period between June and December from RS until RJ. Outside this period there are few isolated records to RJ, SC and RS (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP; MNRJ).

Diomedeidae

Thalassarche chlororhynchos (MGT): breeds on the group of islands of Tristan da Cunha (Tristan da Cunha, Inaccessible, Nightingale, Middle and Stoltenhoff) and Gough Island (Olmos et al., 2006Olmos, F.; Bugoni, L. Neves, T. & Peppes, F. 2006. Caracterização das aves oceânicas que interagem com a pesca de espinhel no Brasil. In: Neves, T.; Bugoni, L. & Rossi, C.L.D.B. (Orgs.). Aves oceânicas e suas interações com a pesca na Região Sudeste-Sul do Brasil. São Paulo, Instituto Oceanográfico, USP. p. 37-67.). In Brazilian waters it occurs more frequently from RS to RJ (MZUSP; MNRJ). However, there are records from northeastern Brazil (Olmos et al., 2006), for Sergipe (SE) in June, Alagoas (AL) in May and June (Sousa et al., 2005Sousa, M.C.; Fraga, R.T. & Carlos, C.J. 2005. Seabird records from Alagoas and Sergipe states, north-east Brazil. Cotinga, 24: 112-114.; MNRJ 36008 [AL, 1988, May]), Pernambuco (PE) in May (Carlos et al., 2005aCarlos, C.J.; Fedrizzi, C.E. & Azevedo-Júnior, S.M. 2005a. Notes on some seabirds of Pernambuco state, north-east Brazil. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 125(2): 140-147.), MA in October (Carvalho et al., 2010Carvalho, D.L.; Souza, M.A.; Souza, E.A.; Brito, A.C. & Sousa, A.E.B.A. 2010. Primeiro registro do albatroz-de-nariz-amarelo Thalassarche chlororhynchos (Procellariiformes: Diomedeidae) no estado do Maranhão, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 18(3): 258-260.) and even in PA, in Muaná, in July (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). During winter, the number of individuals in oceanic Brazilian waters rises considerably (Neves et al., 2006Neves, T.S.; Olmos, F.; Peppes, F. & Mohr, L.V. 2006. Plano de Ação Nacional para a Conservação de Albatrozes e Petréis (Planacap); com colaboração do Grupo de Trabalho para a Conservação de Albatrozes e Petréis. Brasilia, IBAMA. (Série Espécies Ameaçadas, 2).). Individuals banded at breeding sites were recovered in the states of SP in September, SC in June (Olmos, 2002aOlmos, F. 2002a. Non-breeding seabirds in Brazil: a review of band recoveries. Ararajuba, 10(1): 31-42.) and RS in November (Soto & Riva, 2001Soto, J. & Riva, R.S. 2001. Recaptura de um espécime de albatroz-de-nariz-amarelo Thalassarche chlororhynchos (Procellariiformes, Diomedeidae) no sul do Brasil, anilhado na Ilha Gough, Atlântico sul. In: Congresso Brasileiro de Ornitologia, 9º. Livro de Resumos. Curitiba, SOB/Mulleriana/PUCRS/UNIOESTE/UEL/MHNCI. p. 369.).

Thalassarche melanophris (MGT): occurs on Southern seas from Cape Horn east to Antipodes Islands and from Campbell Islands south to New Zealand (Carboneras, 1992bCarboneras, C. 1992b. Family Diomedeidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 198-215.). Its breeding season extends from September to April in the Malvinas/Falkland Islands, where the largest breeding colonies of this species are located (Neves et al., 2006Neves, T.S.; Olmos, F.; Peppes, F. & Mohr, L.V. 2006. Plano de Ação Nacional para a Conservação de Albatrozes e Petréis (Planacap); com colaboração do Grupo de Trabalho para a Conservação de Albatrozes e Petréis. Brasilia, IBAMA. (Série Espécies Ameaçadas, 2).) and where most individuals that visit Brazil originate from (ACAP, 2009Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels (ACAP). 2009. Species assessment: Tristan Albatross Diomedea dabbenena. Available at: Available at: https://acap.aq/en/acap-species/303-tristan-albatross/file . Access in: 05/08/2014.
https://acap.aq/en/acap-species/303-tris...
). Nestlings (n = 52) banded on the Malvinas/Falkland Islands were recovered between May and September along the Brazilian coast, most of them south of Arraial do Cabo/RJ (Olmos, 1997Olmos, F. 1997. Seabird flocks attending bottom long-line fishing off southeastern Brazil. Ibis, 139(4): 685-691.), which suggests that the species is more common - though not exclusive - during winter in latitudes superior to 21°S (Olmos, 2002aOlmos, F. 2002a. Non-breeding seabirds in Brazil: a review of band recoveries. Ararajuba, 10(1): 31-42.). These recoveries, alongside sightings in open sea, suggest that records of this species in the southern coast of Brazil are mainly of juveniles (Olmos, 1997Olmos, F. 1997. Seabird flocks attending bottom long-line fishing off southeastern Brazil. Ibis, 139(4): 685-691.) that use the waters over the Brazilian continental shelf as feeding areas (Piacentini et al., 2005Piacentini, V.Q.; Wedekin, L.L. & Daura-Jorge, F.G. 2005. Petrels, skuas and other migrant seabirds in a costal bay in Santa Catarina state, southern Brazil. Cotinga, 24: 55-59.). Museum records also confirm the species’ presence on the Brazilian coast mainly between May and September at RJ, SP, SC e RS (MZUSP; MNRJ).

Thalassarche cauta (MGT): occurs in Tasmania and Auckland Islands, Crozet, Snares, Bounty and Chatham (Carboneras, 1992bCarboneras, C. 1992b. Family Diomedeidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 198-215.) and breeds only on three islands south of Australia: Albatross, Pedra Branca and Mewstone (ACAP, 2009Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels (ACAP). 2009. Species assessment: Tristan Albatross Diomedea dabbenena. Available at: Available at: https://acap.aq/en/acap-species/303-tristan-albatross/file . Access in: 05/08/2014.
https://acap.aq/en/acap-species/303-tris...
). They also occur in the western South Atlantic, where they are bycatch in pelagic longline fishing in Brazil and Uruguay (Gianuca et al., 2011Gianuca, D. Peppes, F.V. & Neves, T. 2011. New records of “shy-type” albatrosses Thalassarche steadi/cauta in Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 19(4): 545-551.). It occurs regularly in Brazilian waters, on the continental slope region along RS and SC, since juveniles were recorded in open sea between May and September from 2005 to 2011, one adult in August 2011 (Gianuca et al., 2011) and one photographic record in October for RS (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). There is also one record in PR, although the month is not mentioned (Scherer-Neto et al., 2011Scherer-Neto, P.; Straube, F.C.; Carrano, E. & Urben-Filho, A. 2011. Lista das aves do Paraná: edição comemorativa do “Centenário da Ornitologia do Paraná. Curitiba, Hori Consultoria Ambiental.). Besides these, two other Brazilian specimens remain to be identified (Dénes et al., 2007Dénes, F.V.; Carlos, C.J. & Silveira, L.F. 2007. The great albatrosses of the genus Diomedea Linnaeus, 1758 in Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 15(4): 543-550.): one from RS collected in April (Petry et al., 1991Petry, M.V.; Bencke, G.A. & Klein, G.N. 1991. First record of the Shy Albatross Diomedea cauta for the Brazilian coast. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 111: 189-190.) and another from Bahia (BA) in September (Lima et al., 2004aLima, P.C.; Grantsau, R.; Lima, R.C.F.R. & Santos, S.S. 2004a. Primeiro registro para o nordeste brasileiro do albatroz-de-cabeça-cinza (Diomedea c. cauta Gould, 1841). Atualidades Ornitológicas, 118: 3.). In this paper we follow CBRO (Piacentini et al., 2015Piacentini, V.Q.; Aleixo, A.; Agne, C.E.; Maurício, G.N.; Pacheco, J.F.; Bravo, G.A.; Brito, G.R.R.; Naka, L.N.; Olmos, F.; Posso, S.; Silveira, L.F.; Betini, G.S.; Carrano, E.; Franz, I.; Lees, A.C.; Lima, L.M.; Pioli, D.; Schunck, F.; Amaral, F.R.; Bencke, G.A.; Cohn-Haft, M.; Figueiredo, L.F.A.; Straube F.C. & Cesari, E. 2015. Annotated checklist of the birds of Brazil by the Brazilian Ornithological Records Committee/Lista comentada das aves do Brasil pelo Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicos. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 23(2): 91-298.). However, recent data reveals that there is no confirmed record of Thalassarche cauta in the Southwestern Atlantic, but of Thalassarche steadi instead, suggesting review of these seabirds identification as necessary (Gianuca et al., 2011; Seco-Pon & Tamini, 2013Seco-Pon, J.P. & Tamini, L. 2013. New records of shy-type albatrosses Thalassarche cauta/T. steadi off the Argentine Continental Shelf. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 21(4): 263-268.; Jiménez et al., 2015Jiménez, S.; Marquez, A.; Abreu, M.; Foeselledo, R.; Pereira, A. & Domingo, A. 2015. Emu, 115: 58/62.).

Diomedea epomophora (MGT): occurs in southern seas and breeds in New Zealand, in the Auckland Islands (99% of the population) and Campbell (ACAP, 2009Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels (ACAP). 2009. Species assessment: Tristan Albatross Diomedea dabbenena. Available at: Available at: https://acap.aq/en/acap-species/303-tristan-albatross/file . Access in: 05/08/2014.
https://acap.aq/en/acap-species/303-tris...
) from November to March (Neves et al., 2006Neves, T.S.; Olmos, F.; Peppes, F. & Mohr, L.V. 2006. Plano de Ação Nacional para a Conservação de Albatrozes e Petréis (Planacap); com colaboração do Grupo de Trabalho para a Conservação de Albatrozes e Petréis. Brasilia, IBAMA. (Série Espécies Ameaçadas, 2).). After breeding, it migrates across the Pacific and Cape Horn to feed on the continental shelf of Argentina (including the Malvinas/Falklands) and southern Brazil, where it remains for months before migrating back across the Atlantic and Indian Oceans (Olmos, 2002aOlmos, F. 2002a. Non-breeding seabirds in Brazil: a review of band recoveries. Ararajuba, 10(1): 31-42.; Neves et al., 2006Neves, T.S.; Olmos, F.; Peppes, F. & Mohr, L.V. 2006. Plano de Ação Nacional para a Conservação de Albatrozes e Petréis (Planacap); com colaboração do Grupo de Trabalho para a Conservação de Albatrozes e Petréis. Brasilia, IBAMA. (Série Espécies Ameaçadas, 2).). One chick banded in New Zealand in October 1976 was found dead almost one year later in RS, in August (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). Two specimens captured in RS in July and August were banded in Campbell (Olmos, 2002aOlmos, F. 2002a. Non-breeding seabirds in Brazil: a review of band recoveries. Ararajuba, 10(1): 31-42.) and there are records in April, August, September and November for Rio Grande/RS (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Diomedea sanfordi (MGT): breeds in New Zealand, only in the Chatham Islands and the Otago Peninsula (Taiaroa Head) (Olmos et al., 2006Olmos, F.; Bugoni, L. Neves, T. & Peppes, F. 2006. Caracterização das aves oceânicas que interagem com a pesca de espinhel no Brasil. In: Neves, T.; Bugoni, L. & Rossi, C.L.D.B. (Orgs.). Aves oceânicas e suas interações com a pesca na Região Sudeste-Sul do Brasil. São Paulo, Instituto Oceanográfico, USP. p. 37-67.) from September to April. After breeding, it migrates east to the coast of Chile and Peru, where it molts. It then goes around Cape Horn to reach the continental shelf of Argentina (including the Malvinas/Falklands) and southern Brazil before crossing the Atlantic Ocean via the South African coast and migrating through the Austral Ocean to its breeding site (Neves et al., 2006Neves, T.S.; Olmos, F.; Peppes, F. & Mohr, L.V. 2006. Plano de Ação Nacional para a Conservação de Albatrozes e Petréis (Planacap); com colaboração do Grupo de Trabalho para a Conservação de Albatrozes e Petréis. Brasilia, IBAMA. (Série Espécies Ameaçadas, 2).). For RS there are photographic records in the months of May, August (Bencke et al., 2010Bencke, G.A.; Dias, R.A.; Bugoni, L.; Agne, C.E.; Fontana, C.S.; Maurício, G.N. & Machado, D.B. 2010. Revisão e atualização da lista das aves do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 100(4): 519-556.) and October (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) and also as bycatch in the longline fishing fleet of Brazil in August (Carlos et al., 2004aCarlos, C.J.; Colabuono, F.I. & Vooren, C.M. 2004a. Notes on the Northern Royal Albatross Diomedea sanfordi in south Brazil. Ararajuba, 12(2): 166-167.). For SC there is only one record in July 2001 away from the continental shelf (Olmos, 2002bOlmos, F. 2002b. First Record of Northern Royal Albatross (Diomedea sanfordi) in Brazil. Ararajuba, 10(2): 271-172.).

Diomedea exulans (MGT): occurs across most of the Austral Ocean, from the Antarctic Circle (68°S) to the Tropic of Capricorn (23°S). It breeds in the South Georgia Islands on the Atlantic Ocean, mainly on Bird Island. It also breeds on Prince Edward and Marion Islands, Crozet and Kerguelen Islands, and Macquarie Island, which belongs to South Africa, France and Australia respectively. This species has a long reproductive period (55 weeks) and individuals that nest in the Atlantic migrate east reaching the south coast of Australia and the Pacific Ocean (Neves et al., 2006Neves, T.S.; Olmos, F.; Peppes, F. & Mohr, L.V. 2006. Plano de Ação Nacional para a Conservação de Albatrozes e Petréis (Planacap); com colaboração do Grupo de Trabalho para a Conservação de Albatrozes e Petréis. Brasilia, IBAMA. (Série Espécies Ameaçadas, 2).). Individuals (n = 12), mostly nestlings, banded on Bird Island/South Georgia in October were recovered in Brazil mainly in July and September, on the coast of RS or in open sea in RS and SP (Mestre et al., 2010Mestre, L.A.M.; Roos, A.L. & Nunes, M.F. 2010. Análise das recuperações no Brasil de aves anilhadas no exterior entre 1927 e 2006. Ornithologia, 4(1): 15-35.).

Diomedea dabbenena (MGT): occurs in the central South Atlantic Ocean and it currently breeds only on Gough and Inaccessible Islands, since it is extinct in Tristan da Cunha (Olmos, 2008Olmos, F. 2008. Diomedea dabbenena Mathews 1929. In: Machado, A.B.M.; Drummond, G.M.; Paglia, A.P. (Orgs.). Livro Vermelho da Fauna Ameaçada de Extinção no Brasil, vol. 2. Brasília, Ministério do Meio Ambiente e Fundação Biodiversitas. p. 388-389.). Geolocation data suggests that 14 non-breeding adults used the southwestern Atlantic during the austral summer and migrated to the southeastern Atlantic and Indian Ocean to the east as far as Australia during the austral winter (Reid et al., 2013Reid, T.A.; Wanless, R.M.; Hilton, G.M.; Phillips, R.A. & Ryan, P.G. 2013. Foraging range and habitat associations of non-breeding Tristan albatrosses: overlap with fisheries and implications for conservation. Endangered Species Research, 22: 39-49.). Two male specimens banded on Gough Island in January and October were bycatch in longline fishing in Brazil in RS in October and November, respectively (Neves & Olmos, 2001Neves, T.S. & Olmos, F. 2001. O Albatroz-de-Tristão Diomedea dabbenena no Brasil. Nattereria, 2: 19-20.). Records in Brazilian waters for SP (August), SC (November) and RS (October, November) suggest that the species is more frequent in waters under the influence of the Subtropical Convergence away from the coast of RS (Neves & Olmos, 2001Neves, T.S. & Olmos, F. 2001. O Albatroz-de-Tristão Diomedea dabbenena no Brasil. Nattereria, 2: 19-20.). Museum records date for SC in September and RS in June, September and October (MZUSP specimens).

Procellariidae

Macronectes giganteus (MGT): has a circumpolar distribution on southern seas and breeds from October to March in Antarctica and on islands from Chile to Argentina east through subantarctic islands to Heard and Macquarie Islands (Carboneras, 1992cCarboneras, C. 1992c. Family Procellariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 216-257.; Olmos et al., 2006Olmos, F.; Bugoni, L. Neves, T. & Peppes, F. 2006. Caracterização das aves oceânicas que interagem com a pesca de espinhel no Brasil. In: Neves, T.; Bugoni, L. & Rossi, C.L.D.B. (Orgs.). Aves oceânicas e suas interações com a pesca na Região Sudeste-Sul do Brasil. São Paulo, Instituto Oceanográfico, USP. p. 37-67.; Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.). Adults move only through waters that are adjacent to colonies, but the young perform circumpolar migration across the southern ocean when leaving the nest, with mainly westerly winds, before returning to the colony (Olmos, 2002aOlmos, F. 2002a. Non-breeding seabirds in Brazil: a review of band recoveries. Ararajuba, 10(1): 31-42.; Olmos et al., 2006Olmos, F.; Bugoni, L. Neves, T. & Peppes, F. 2006. Caracterização das aves oceânicas que interagem com a pesca de espinhel no Brasil. In: Neves, T.; Bugoni, L. & Rossi, C.L.D.B. (Orgs.). Aves oceânicas e suas interações com a pesca na Região Sudeste-Sul do Brasil. São Paulo, Instituto Oceanográfico, USP. p. 37-67.). Birds banded as chicks and/or juveniles in South Georgia (Bird Island), South Orkney Islands and the Antarctic Peninsula between January and March were recovered in Brazil between June and October in the states of RJ, SC and RS (Olmos, 2002aOlmos, F. 2002a. Non-breeding seabirds in Brazil: a review of band recoveries. Ararajuba, 10(1): 31-42.). Brazilian museum records confirm that pattern from specimens collected in RJ in July (MNRJ) and from SP in June and SC in July (MZUSP). Nestlings (n = 10) banded between January and March on Elephant Island were mostly recovered in RS, but also in SC, PR, SP and RJ between June and November and in the Atol das Rocas/RN in February (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
). There is one other recovery in Brazil in June without a known locality, which is of a chick banded in Australia in January (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). In addition, there are records of juveniles for RJ, SP, SC and RS between March and November (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Macronectes halli (MGT): breeds on South Georgia, Prince Edward, Crozet, Kerguelen, Macquarie, Auckland, Campbell, Antipodes and Chatham Islands and moves broadly through southern seas, usually between latitudes 30°S and 64°S. It is possible that the young circumnavigate before returning to the colony for the first time (Carboneras, 1992cCarboneras, C. 1992c. Family Procellariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 216-257.). In Brazil, there are records for the coast in the states of SP and RS; most are from September to December (Carlos et al., 2005bCarlos, C.J.; Voisin, J-F. & Vooren, C.M. 2005b. Records of Southern Giant Petrel Macronectes giganteus solanderi and Northern Giant Petrel M. halli off southern Brazil. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 125(4): 288-292.). There are photographic records for the municipalities of Rio Grande and Tavares in RS between August and October (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) and museum records from SP in September and October (MZUSP).

Fulmarus glacialoides (MGT): occurs in the southern seas and breeds in Antarctica and neighboring islands, migrating during austral winter to the southern coasts of Oceania, Africa and South America (Carboneras, 1992cCarboneras, C. 1992c. Family Procellariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 216-257.). In Brazil, records are mainly from the southern and southeastern coasts, and can be observed in RS from June to November (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MNRJ), in RJ in June (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), July and September (MNRJ) and in SP in February, August and September (MZUSP). In BA, one specimen (MZUSP 101816) was collected in Mangue Seco, Jandaíra in July 1994 (Lima, 2006Lima, P.C. 2006. Aves do Litoral Norte da Bahia - Birds of the Northern Coastal Region of Bahia. Atualidades Ornitológicas. Bahia, AO. 616p. Available at: www.ao.com.br/download/inbahia.pdf.
www.ao.com.br/download/inbahia.pdf...
).

Daption capense (MGT): breeds on subantarctic islands, in the Peninsula and in continental Antarctica. It begins moving between February and March and reaches Ecuador, Colombia, Mexico and even northern California. On the Atlantic coast, it reaches Uruguay and Brazil, where it was recorded for northern RJ (Carlos et al., 2004bCarlos, C.J.; Trimble, J. & Fedrizzi, C.E. 2004b. A specimen of Cape Petrel Daption capense from north-east Brazil. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 124(4): 287-290.). Two individuals recovered in Brazil in September (Santos/SP and São Francisco do Sul/SC) were banded in the South Orkneys in February (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; Olmos, 2002aOlmos, F. 2002a. Non-breeding seabirds in Brazil: a review of band recoveries. Ararajuba, 10(1): 31-42.). In addition, one specimen was collected in June 1863 in Cabo de São Roque/RN (Carlos et al., 2004bCarlos, C.J.; Trimble, J. & Fedrizzi, C.E. 2004b. A specimen of Cape Petrel Daption capense from north-east Brazil. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 124(4): 287-290.) and another four in the municipality of Lauro de Freitas/BA in August 1999 (Lima, 2006Lima, P.C. 2006. Aves do Litoral Norte da Bahia - Birds of the Northern Coastal Region of Bahia. Atualidades Ornitológicas. Bahia, AO. 616p. Available at: www.ao.com.br/download/inbahia.pdf.
www.ao.com.br/download/inbahia.pdf...
). There are also records for SC and RS between June and October (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). Museum records indicate presence in RS in July (MNRJ) and in SP in July and August (MZUSP).

[Pterodroma madeira] (MGT): breeds only on Madeira Island, with an estimated population of only 80-85 pairs before the fire in 2010 that devastated its breeding site (Flood & Fisher, 2013Flood, B. & Fisher, A. 2013. Pterodroma Petrels. Isles of Scilly, Boob Flood & Ashley Fisher. 278p. ( Multimedia identification guide to North Atlantic Seabirds ).). Geolocation studies suggest that the species is highly dispersive on the Atlantic Ocean, but it visits the Brazilian coast regularly during the non-breeding season (Zino et al., 2011Zino, F.; Phillips, R. & Biscoito, M. 2011. Zino’s petrel movements at sea: a preliminary analysis of datalogger results. Birding World, 24(5): 216-219.).

[Pterodroma deserta] (MGT): moves through the subtropical waters of the Atlantic, returning to the breeding sites on Madeira Island in Portugal in June (Carboneras, 1992cCarboneras, C. 1992c. Family Procellariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 216-257.). This species’ breeding season extends from early June to mid-November. Its migration starts in November, and wintering areas are usually reached around 10 days later. Geolocation data showed that 17 individuals banded on Bugio Island remained in northern Atlantic waters before laying eggs, incubating and caring for the young. Two wintering areas were identified on the coast of Brazil: one between the states of CE and PE, and another to the south, near the Tropic of Capricorn. Return migration usually starts in the second week of May (Ramírez et al., 2013Ramírez, I.; Paiva, V.H.; Menezes, D.; Silva, I.; Phillips, R.A.; Ramos, J.A. & Garthe, S. 2013. Year-round distribution and habitat preferences of the Bugio petrel. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 476: 269-284.).

Pterodroma mollis (MGT): occurs mainly between latitudes 30°S and 60°S on the Atlantic and Indian oceans and, during winter, in the southern seas below the Tropic of Capricorn (Carboneras, 1992cCarboneras, C. 1992c. Family Procellariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 216-257.). Three specimens were found at Cassino beach/RS in September and October (Vooren & Fernandes, 1989Vooren, C.M. & Fernandes, A.C. 1989. Guia de albatrozes e petréis do sul do Brasil. Porto Alegre, Sagra.). There are also records for SE in May (Carboneras, 1992cCarboneras, C. 1992c. Family Procellariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 216-257.), SC in June and two more for the coast of RS in November (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). Brazilian museum records indicate the species presence in BA in February, August and September and in SP in May (MZUSP; MNRJ).

Pterodroma incerta (MGT): breeds in Tristan da Cunha (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.) and moves through the South Atlantic between the South American and African coasts (Carboneras, 1992cCarboneras, C. 1992c. Family Procellariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 216-257.). In Brazil, three individuals were collected in RS: one in November 1972 and two in March 1973 (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.). Two specimens were collected at Tucuruí Dam in eastern PA in September 1984, 400 km away from the coast (MPEG). This species uses the southern and southeastern coasts of Brazil as a feeding area, but there are also records for the northeastern region (Bugoni, in pressBugoni, L. in press. Pterodroma incerta (Schlegel, 1863). In: Livro Vermelho da Fauna Ameaçada de Extinção no Brasil. Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade - ICMBio.). There are photographic records for SC in February and June, and only one record for Mangue Seco/BA in June (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). For RS state the records are from the period between October and April (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MNRJ) and in SP the collected specimens are from January, September and November (MZUSP).

Pachyptila desolata (MGT): breeds on the islands of Crozet, Kerguelen, Macquarie, Heard, in Auckland, Arco Scotia, South Georgia, South Sandwich, South Shetland and in Antarctica between October and March, and moves through the southern Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans (where it is rarer). After breeding it migrates north, and there are records for Brazil for PE in July (Carlos et al., 2005aCarlos, C.J.; Fedrizzi, C.E. & Azevedo-Júnior, S.M. 2005a. Notes on some seabirds of Pernambuco state, north-east Brazil. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 125(2): 140-147.) and for Marajó Island/PA in August (Martuscelli et al., 1997Martuscelli, P.; Silva-e-Silva, R. & Olmos, F. 1997. A large prion Pachyptila wreck in south-east Brazil. Cotinga, 8: 55-57.). In RS, four specimens were found dead at Cassino beach (in June, July, October and November) and another one was collected to the south of Pinhal in September 1990 (Belton, 1994Belton, W. 1994. Aves do Rio Grande do Sul: distribuição e biologia. São Leopoldo, Editora da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.). There are records in June and July for RS (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MNRJ) and for the Arvoredo Marine Biological Reserve in SC (Naka et al., 2002Naka, L.N.; Rodrigues, M.; Roos, A.L. & Azevedo, M.A.G. 2002. Bird Conservation on Santa Catarina Island, Southern Brazil. Bird Conservation International, 12(2): 123-150.). In July and August in SP (Martuscelli et al., 1997Martuscelli, P.; Silva-e-Silva, R. & Olmos, F. 1997. A large prion Pachyptila wreck in south-east Brazil. Cotinga, 8: 55-57.; MZUSP; MPEG), RJ (MNRJ). In BA, this species is largely recorded throughout the coast between May and July (C.G. Machado, pers. obs.) with photographic and museum records, respectively, in June and July (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MNRJ).

Pachyptila belcheri (MGT): occurs in the southern Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans. Geolocation studies show that the species flies north for as far as 3,000 km after breeding (Carboneras, 1992cCarboneras, C. 1992c. Family Procellariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 216-257.). Brazil is used as a wintering area (Martuscelli et al., 1997Martuscelli, P.; Silva-e-Silva, R. & Olmos, F. 1997. A large prion Pachyptila wreck in south-east Brazil. Cotinga, 8: 55-57.). There are widespread records on the coast of BA between May and July (C.G. Machado, pers. obs.;WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MNRJ). In RJ, specimens have been collected in June-August (MNRJ). In SP, the specimens were collected in June-August and October and December (MZUSP; MPEG; MNRJ). In RS, it is considered common in the Cassino beach region, although time of year is not specified (Belton, 1994Belton, W. 1994. Aves do Rio Grande do Sul: distribuição e biologia. São Leopoldo, Editora da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.).

Bulweria bulwerii (MGT): has a pantropical distribution and moves through tropical and subtropical waters across the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans. The Atlantic populations migrate to deep equatorial waters between Cape Verde and the Brazilian coast after breeding (Carboneras, 1992). Records in Brazil are quite rare, with only one photographic record for Campos dos Goitacazes/RJ in December (Klein, 2011Klein, S. 2011. WA766260, Bulweria bulwerii (Jardine & Selby, 1828). In: WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: Available at: www.wikiaves.com/766260 . Access in: 06/03/2014.
www.wikiaves.com/766260...
). However, recent geolocation studies determined that parts of the Brazilian territorial sea are regular wintering areas between August and May (Dias et al., 2015Dias, M.P.; Alho, M.; Granadeiro, J.P. & Catry, P. 2015. Wanderer of the deepest seas: migratory behaviour and distribution of the highly pelagic Bulwer’s petrel. Journal of Ornithology, 156(4): 955-962.).

Procellaria aequinoctialis (MGT): nests on the Malvinas/Falklands and South Georgia on the Atlantic Ocean. It also breeds on Prince Edward and Marion, Crozet, Kerguelen, Auckland, Campbell and Antipodes (Neves et al., 2006Neves, T.S.; Olmos, F.; Peppes, F. & Mohr, L.V. 2006. Plano de Ação Nacional para a Conservação de Albatrozes e Petréis (Planacap); com colaboração do Grupo de Trabalho para a Conservação de Albatrozes e Petréis. Brasilia, IBAMA. (Série Espécies Ameaçadas, 2).). It moves broadly through the three oceans between latitudes 30°S and 55°S. In Brazil, it is more common southern and southeastern coastal regions (Carboneras, 1992cCarboneras, C. 1992c. Family Procellariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 216-257.). Data from geolocators and from satellite transmitters showed that ten individuals captured in South Georgia migrated to areas east of the La Plata River estuary in Argentina and wintered between February and April between Tierra del Fuego and southeastern Brazil until October, when they returned to South Georgia to breed and then lay eggs between November and December (Phillips et al., 2006Phillips, R.A.; Silk, J.R.D.; Croxall, J.P. & Afanasyev, V. 2006. Year-round distribution of white-chinned petrels from South Georgia: relationships with oceanography and fisheries. Biological Conservation, 129(3): 336-347.). In Brazil, there are records for RS in July, August, September, November, December, April and May (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.; MNRJ; MZUSP). In April-October at the coast of SP and RJ (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; MNRJ; MZUSP). There are also records for the coast of BA in April and May (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), as well as specimens collected in June-August (MZUSP; MNRJ). In PA, the records are from August and September (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; MPEG).

Procellaria conspicillata (MGT): breeds on Inaccessible, Tristan da Cunha and Gough Islands (Olmos et al., 2006Olmos, F.; Bugoni, L. Neves, T. & Peppes, F. 2006. Caracterização das aves oceânicas que interagem com a pesca de espinhel no Brasil. In: Neves, T.; Bugoni, L. & Rossi, C.L.D.B. (Orgs.). Aves oceânicas e suas interações com a pesca na Região Sudeste-Sul do Brasil. São Paulo, Instituto Oceanográfico, USP. p. 37-67.). It moves broadly on the Atlantic between latitudes 23°S and 36°S, between the South American coast (from southeastern Brazil to Uruguay) and the African coast (Carboneras, 1992cCarboneras, C. 1992c. Family Procellariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 216-257.). In Brazil, it occurs on the southern and southeastern coastal regions (Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.), and there are records for RS in September and November, SC in February, June, July, August and November, and for PR, Espírito Santo (ES) and BA in May (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Calonectris borealis (MGT): individuals were equipped with geolocators at three different breeding sites (the Azores, Canary Islands and Mediterranean). Four out of the eight individuals equipped in the Azores and one out of the seven equipped on Canary Islands wintered in the southwestern Atlantic Ocean, associated with the Brazil Current (González-Solís et al., 2007González-Solís, J.; Croxall, J.P.; Oro, D. & Ruiz, X. 2007. Trans-equatorial migration and mixing in the wintering areas of a pelagic seabird. Frontiers in Ecology and Environmental, 5(6): 297-301.). In February 1971, one specimen banded on Savage Islands (between Canary Islands and Madeira) was found dead in Tramandaí/RS and six other individuals were collected on the same beach (February, March, April, October and December) (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.). There are photographic records for almost the entire Brazilian coast from RS to MA between November and June (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). Museum specimens were collected in July-August in BA and in January in SP (MZUSP).

Calonectris edwardsii (MGT): breeds in Cape Verde, from where it migrates between November and February to winter in little-known areas. On the Brazilian coast, there are records for BA - two individuals were collected at Praia do Forte in June of 1995 (Lima et al., 2002Lima, P.C.; Grantsau, R.; Lima, R.C.F.R. & Santos, S.S. 2002. Notas sobre os registros brasileiros de Calonectris edwardsii (Oustalet, 1883) e Pelagodroma marina hypoleuca (Moquin-Tandon, 1841) e primeiro registro de Phalacrocorax bransfieldensis Murphy, 1936 para o Brasil. Ararajuba, 10(2): 261-277.), for SP in May, for PR in December (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) and for RS in May (Petry et al., 2000Petry, M.V.; Bugoni, L. & Silva Fonseca, V.S. 2000. Occurrence of the Cape Verde Shearwater Calonectris edwardsii on the Brazilian coast. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 120(3): 198-200.). This characterizes the species as a migrant in the Brazilian open sea. It is probably recorded when flying to the productive waters of the southern platform and Subtropical Convergence (Olmos & Bugoni, 2006Olmos, F. & Bugoni, L. 2006. Agregações de aves marinhas associadas à pesca de espinhel-de-fundo na região sudeste-sul do Brasil. In: Neves, T.; Bugoni, L. & Rossi, C.L.D.B. (Orgs.). Aves oceânicas e suas interações com a pesca na Região Sudeste-Sul do Brasil. São Paulo, Instituto Oceanográfico, USP. p. 69-81.).

Puffinus griseus (MGT): is a widespread species that occurs on all seas (Carboneras, 1992cCarboneras, C. 1992c. Family Procellariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 216-257.; Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.). It nests in Chile, Australia, New Zealand, Tasmania, Malvinas/Falklands and islands around Tierra del Fuego from November to April. It also performs transequatorial migrations outside this period (Cooper et al., 1991Cooper, J.; Underhill, L.G. & Avery, G. 1991. Primary molt and transequatorial migration of the sooty shearwater. Condor, 93(3): 724-730.; Carboneras, 1992cCarboneras, C. 1992c. Family Procellariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 216-257.; Hamilton et al., 1997Hamilton, S.A.; Moller, H. & Robertson, C.J.R. 1997. Distribution of Sooty Shearwater (Puffinus griseus) breeding colonies along the Otago coast, New Zealand, with indication of countrywide population trends. Notornis, 44(1): 15-25.; Petry et al., 2008Petry, M.V.; Fonseca, V.S.S.; Krüger-Garcia, L.; Piuco, R.C. & Brummelhaus, J. 2008. Shearwater diet during migration along the coast of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Marine Biology, 154(4): 613-621.). They reach RJ every year and rarely BA during austral winter (Sick, 1983Sick, H. 1983. Migrações de aves na América do Sul Continental (tradução: Walter A. Voss). Brasília, Cemave - Instituto Brasileiro de Desenvolvimento Florestal. (Publicação Técnica nº 2).). The records for Brasil are located in: BA in May, June, October and November (Lima, 2006Lima, P.C. 2006. Aves do Litoral Norte da Bahia - Birds of the Northern Coastal Region of Bahia. Atualidades Ornitológicas. Bahia, AO. 616p. Available at: www.ao.com.br/download/inbahia.pdf.
www.ao.com.br/download/inbahia.pdf...
; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP); RJ in May, June and October (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MNRJ); SP in May to August (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP); SC in May-June (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) and RS in different months with a population peak in July (Petry et al., 2008Petry, M.V.; Fonseca, V.S.S.; Krüger-Garcia, L.; Piuco, R.C. & Brummelhaus, J. 2008. Shearwater diet during migration along the coast of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Marine Biology, 154(4): 613-621.).

Puffinus gravis (MGT): breeds on the Malvinas/Falklands, Tristan da Cunha and Gough (November to April) in southern Atlantic waters (Carboneras, 1992cCarboneras, C. 1992c. Family Procellariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 216-257.). Its transequatorial migration begins in April and it returns to the colony in September (Harrison, 1983Harrison, P. 1983. Seabirds an identification guide. Boston, Houghton Miffin Company.). This species comes near the Brazilian coast between April and May, when it is flying from the south to the north (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). It is recorded for the northeastern region of Brazil between May and June (Carboneras, 1992cCarboneras, C. 1992c. Family Procellariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 216-257.), and for RS in August, October and November, as well as March and May (Petry et al., 2008Petry, M.V.; Fonseca, V.S.S.; Krüger-Garcia, L.; Piuco, R.C. & Brummelhaus, J. 2008. Shearwater diet during migration along the coast of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Marine Biology, 154(4): 613-621.). Most records are from April to July for the southern and southeastern regions, but there are also records for BA (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MNRJ; MZUSP).

Puffinus puffinus (MGT): breeds on the sea of Ireland and stays on the South American coast during boreal winter from December to March (Guilford et al., 2008Guilford, T.C.; Meade, J.; Freeman, R.; Biro, D.; Evans, T.; Bonadonna, F.; Boyle, D.; Roberts, S. & Perrins, C.M. 2008. GPS tracking of the foraging movements of Manx shearwaters Puffinus puffinus breeding on Skomer Island, Wales. Ibis, 150(3): 462-473.), especially between Brazil and Argentina, according to data from bands and satellite transmitters (Carboneras, 1992cCarboneras, C. 1992c. Family Procellariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 216-257.). This species performs transequatorial and transatlantic migrations. Data from 12 geolocators suggests that migration southwards is through the western African coast, across to the Brazilian coast by the shortest route and then to the south and southwest to winter near the coast of Argentina, south of the La Plata River. The return to the north tends to go through a short westward route through the eastern Caribbean to the east coast of the USA and then through the North Atlantic. All individuals made stops ranging from a couple of days to two weeks in different places and dates (Guilford et al., 2009Guilford, T.C.; Meade, J.; Willis, J.; Philips, R.A.; Boyle, D.; Roberts, S.; Collett, M.; Freeman, R. & Perrins, C.M. 2009. Migration and stopover in a small pelagic seabird, the Manx shearwaters Puffinus puffinus: insights from machine learning. Proceedings of The Royal Society B: Biological Science, London, 276(1660): 1215-1223. DOI). Individuals banded in Wales, Ireland and Scotland in July, August and September were recovered in 13 Brazilian states, especially in the southern and southeastern regions of the country, in SC, SP, RS and RJ in September, October, November and December (Mestre et al., 2010Mestre, L.A.M.; Roos, A.L. & Nunes, M.F. 2010. Análise das recuperações no Brasil de aves anilhadas no exterior entre 1927 e 2006. Ornithologia, 4(1): 15-35.). In Brazil, museum records are from September-December in RJ, SP and RS, and in BA there are isolated records in July and November (MZUSP, MNRJ).

Puffinus lherminieri (MGT): its movements are little known. It occurs in Bermuda, Caribbean, Galápagos Islands, Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea and, in Brazil, throughout the southeastern and northeastern coasts (Efe & Musso, 2001Efe, M.A. & Musso, C.M. 2001. Primeiro registro de Puffinus lherminieri no Brasil. Nattereria, 2: 21-23.; Silva-e-Silva & Olmos, 2010Silva-e-Silva, R. & Olmos, F. 2010. Notes on the biology and morphology of Audubon’s Shearwaters Puffinus lherminieri (Procellariiformes: Procellariidae) from Fernando de Noronha, northeast Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 18: 139-145.). In Brazil, it currently breeds only on Morro da Viuvinha and Morro do Leão Islands in Fernando de Noronha/PE. The Brazilian population is restricted to 30 fully grown individuals and tends to stabilize, with no signs of influx from individuals from foreign populations (Efe & Serafini, in pressEfe, M.A. & Serafini, P.P. in press. Puffinus lherminieri Lesson, 1839. In: Livro Vermelho da Fauna Ameaçada de Extinção no Brasil. Brasília, Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade - ICMBio.). Data from banding and recapture of the young and of adults confirms nest fidelity; the species returns to breed with the same partner every year (Efe, 2004Efe, M.A. 2004. Aves marinhas das ilhas do Espírito Santo. In: Branco, J.O. (Org.). Aves Marinhas e Insulares Brasileiras (Bioecologia e Conservação). Itajaí, Editora da Univali, p. 101-118.).

Hydrobatidae

Fregetta grallaria (MGT): occurs in tropical and subtropical seas of the Southern Hemisphere. It breeds on the islands of Lord Howe, Kermadec, Tristan da Cunha, Gough, St. Paul, Amsterdam, Juan Fernandez and Austral (Rapa Island). It apparently migrates to lower latitudes and reaches the Brazilian coast (Carboneras, 1992cCarboneras, C. 1992c. Family Procellariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 216-257.; Olmos, 2000aOlmos, F. 2000a. Registro documentado e novas observações de Fregetta grallaria para o Brasil (Procellariiformes: Hydrobatidae). Nattereria, 1: 20-22.), where it occurs in open sea between RJ and BA in October (Coelho et al., 1990Coelho, E.P.; Alves, V.S.; Soneghet, M.L.L. & Carvalho, F.S. 1990. Levantamento das aves marinhas no percurso Rio de Janeiro-Bahia (Brasil). Boletim do Instituto Oceanográfico, São Paulo, 38(2): 161-167.; Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.).

Fregetta tropica (MGT): after breeding on Antarctic and subantarctic islands, migrates north to subtropical and tropical zones, reaching most of the Brazilian coast (Carboneras, 1992cCarboneras, C. 1992c. Family Procellariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 216-257.). The subspecies F. t. tropica, which occurs in Brazil, breeds on South Georgia, South Shetland and South Orkney Islands to the east as far as the Antipodes. It uses Brazil as a wintering area (Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.) and there are records for the coast of BA in January (Olmos, 2000bOlmos, F. 2000b. Revisão dos registros de Fregetta tropica para o Brasil (Procellariiformes: Hydrobatidae). Nattereria, 1: 27-28.) and for RS (Petry et al., 2016Petry, M.V.; Basler, A.B. & Santos, C.R. 2016. First record of Fregetta tropica (Procellariiformes: Hydrobatidae) on the coast of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Oecologia Australis, 20(1): 119-121.), where it was photographed in November 2011 (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Oceanites oceanicus (MGT): breeds on subantarctic islands from Cape Horn east to Kerguelen Islands, and on southern seas on South Shetland and South Sandwich islands and the Antarctic coast (Carboneras et al., 2016Carboneras, C.; Jutglar, F. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016. Wilson’s Storm-petrel (Oceanites oceanicus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/52582 . Access in: 22/09/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/52582...
). It has been mainly recorded between April and November for several places on the Brazilian coast, from BA to RS (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.; MZUSP; MNRJ; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). However, there are isolated records for RN in January and for BA in March (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP).

Oceanodroma leucorhoa (MGT): after breeding in the Northern Hemisphere and in South Africa, its populations migrate mainly southwards as far as the Cape of Good Hope. Part of the population overwinters on the equatorial coast of Brazil (Carboneras, 1992cCarboneras, C. 1992c. Family Procellariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 216-257.), and there are records from Amapá (AP) to SP without defined dates (Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.), except for those on the coast of RN that are from January 2015 (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) and for some specimens collected in AP in February an May, for PA in January and February, and in CE in January (MZUSP; MPEG).

Pandionidae

Pandion haliaetus (MGT): occurs on all continents except Antarctica and is migratory across most of its distribution. It migrates from the Northern Hemisphere to the Amazon Basin and the northern coast of South America between August and November and from Florida to South America through the Caribbean (Poole et al., 2014Poole, A.F.; Kirwan, G.M.; Christie, D.A. & Marks, J.S. 2014. Osprey (Pandion haliaetus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/52947 . Access in: 30/04/2014.
www.hbw.com/node/52947...
). The subspecies P. h. carolinensis is a migrant from the north that occurs in Brazil at a higher rate between the end and the beginning of the year, but it can be found there throughout the year (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), since immature individuals can remain in the country at least for the first three years of their life (B. Whitney, pers. obs.). Breeding in South America has not been reported, but individuals carrying sticks have been seen, which can be regarded as “learning or practicing” breeding behavior as seen in the Northern Hemisphere (B. Whitney, pers. obs.). Some 28 individuals banded in the USA were recovered in AM; one individual born near New York was collected in Ilhéus/BA (August); two chicks banded in Maryland, USA (July) were recovered in Mato Grosso (MT) (September) and on the Madeira River/AM (October) (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). This species is recorded throughout the year near Manaus, but it is very common from September to March (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.). In addition, individuals banded in North and Central America in June and July were recovered in Brazil in 17 different states - AP, RR, AC, Rondônia (RO), AM, PA, MT, MS, Goiás (GO), MG, MA, CE, PB, BA, RJ, SP and PR - especially from October to January (Mestre et al., 2010Mestre, L.A.M.; Roos, A.L. & Nunes, M.F. 2010. Análise das recuperações no Brasil de aves anilhadas no exterior entre 1927 e 2006. Ornithologia, 4(1): 15-35.). Specimens have been collected in Brazil from August to May (MZUSP; MNRJ; MPEG).

Accipitridae

Harpagus diodon (MGT): breeds from August to April in the Atlantic Forest and in forest fragments in the Cerrado, and overwinters mainly in the equatorial forests of the Amazon Basin with some individuals staying further north in the Guiana Shield (Cabanne & Seipke, 2005Cabanne, G.S. & Seipke, S.H. 2005. Migration of the rufous-thighed kite (Harpagus diodon) in Southeastern Brazil. Ornitologia Neotropical, 16(4): 547-549.; Lees & Martin, 2014Lees, A.C. & Martin, R.W.E. 2014. Exposing hidden endemism in a Neotropical forest raptor using citizen science. Ibis, 157(1): 103-114.). The species needs to be better studied in the Atlantic Forest in the northeastern region of Brazil to determine if records in austral winter are of a resident population, vagrant individuals (Lees & Martin, 2014Lees, A.C. & Martin, R.W.E. 2014. Exposing hidden endemism in a Neotropical forest raptor using citizen science. Ibis, 157(1): 103-114.) or overwintering individuals from the south (B. Whitney, pers. obs.). In RS, where it is considered rare, there are records in October, November and May (Belton, 1994Belton, W. 1994. Aves do Rio Grande do Sul: distribuição e biologia. São Leopoldo, Editora da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.).

Ictinia mississippiensis (MGT): occurs in southern central USA from Kansas, Arizona and New Mexico south to Florida (White & Marks, 2016White, C.M. & Marks, J.S. 2016. Mississippi Kite (Ictinia mississippiensis). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/52975 . Access in: 22/09/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/52975...
). It breeds in North America and overwinters in South America (Ferguson-Lees & Christie, 2001Ferguson-Lees, J. & Christie, D.A. 2001. Raptors of the World. Boston, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.), especially in Paraguay, southeastern Bolivia, southwestern Brazil and northeastern Argentina (White & Marks, 2016White, C.M. & Marks, J.S. 2016. Mississippi Kite (Ictinia mississippiensis). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/52975 . Access in: 22/09/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/52975...
). It breeds in North America between May and July and pre-migration flocks gather in early August in groups of 200-300 birds that move south in early September (Thiollay, 1994Thiollay, J.M. 1994. Family Accipitridae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 52-205.). The migration south between September and November seems to be through the foothills of the Andes as far as the Amazonian lowlands (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.). From December to February, the species is found in central South America, where the Chaco forest is its main wintering site (Juhant & Areta, 2013Juhant, M.A. & Areta, J.I. 2013. Distribution and migration of Mississippi Kites in South America. Journal of Field Ornithology, 84(3): 255-261.). The migration north occurs from late February to April departing from central and northern Argentina, over the Colombian Andes (Juhant & Areta, 2013Juhant, M.A. & Areta, J.I. 2013. Distribution and migration of Mississippi Kites in South America. Journal of Field Ornithology, 84(3): 255-261.). In Brazil, this pattern is supported by records from RO, MT, MS, PR and RS (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) and by data from AM, PA and MG (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.; Vasconcelos et al., 2008Vasconcelos, M.F.; Lopes, L.S.; Hoffmann, D.; Silveira, L.F. & Schunck, F. 2008. Noteworthy records of birds from the Pantanal, Chiquitano dry forest and Cerrado of south-western Brazil. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 128(1): 57-67.a, 2011Vasconcelos, M.F.; Rodrigues, M. & Silva, J.M.C. 2011. Setor Mineiro do Vale do São Francisco. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 222-226.) that are restricted to the period between September and March. The scarce records of this species for South America during austral winter are of juvenile individuals (Juhant & Areta, 2013Juhant, M.A. & Areta, J.I. 2013. Distribution and migration of Mississippi Kites in South America. Journal of Field Ornithology, 84(3): 255-261.) that probably got lost during migration (Bildstein, 2004Bildstein, K.L. 2004. Raptor migration in the neotropics: patterns, processes, and consequences. Ornitologia Neotropical, 15(Suppl.): 83-99.).

Buteo platypterus (MGT): breeds from central Canada to southern USA and virtually its entire population (except birds from southern Florida) migrates to South America during boreal winter and reaches northwestern Brazil, with some of the birds covering up to 8,800 km (White et al., 1994White, C.M.; Olson, P.D. & Kiff, L.F. 1994. Family Falconidae (falcons and caracaras). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 206-275.) in very large flocks (Bildstein, 2004Bildstein, K.L. 2004. Raptor migration in the neotropics: patterns, processes, and consequences. Ornitologia Neotropical, 15(Suppl.): 83-99.). In Brazil, it occurs mainly in the Amazon Basin, but there are some records in the Cerrado and the Atlantic Forest, with no apparent flocks forming. It can be observed from October to March in the Amazon region and in the Pantanal (in spite of one record for MT in June), and in the southeastern and southern Atlantic Forest - in RJ, MG, PR, SC and RS - from November to January (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MNRJ; MZUSP, MPEG).

Buteo swainsoni (MGT): breeds in central and western North America and migrates to South America in boreal winter, especially to northern Argentina, southern Brazil and Paraguay (White et al., 1994White, C.M.; Olson, P.D. & Kiff, L.F. 1994. Family Falconidae (falcons and caracaras). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 206-275.). It apparently moves through the inland of the continent heading to the Pampas in Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil and it overwinters on the Atlantic coast in southern Brazil (Antas, 1987Antas, P.T.Z. 1987. Migração de aves no Brasil. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 2º, 1986, Rio de Janeiro. Anais. Rio de Janeiro, Editora da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. p. 153-187.; Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). It is suspected that age separation exists since there is a great concentration of juveniles in Argentina (White et al., 1994White, C.M.; Olson, P.D. & Kiff, L.F. 1994. Family Falconidae (falcons and caracaras). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 206-275.) and of immature individuals in Brazil (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.) during boreal winter. Studies with satellite transmitters showed that this species gathers on the eastern coast of Mexico and flies from there mainly along the Pacific coast and eastern Andes until it reaches central Argentina, and there are some localized records for instance for RR (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.; White et al., 1994White, C.M.; Olson, P.D. & Kiff, L.F. 1994. Family Falconidae (falcons and caracaras). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 206-275.). Radio-satellite data showed that the northbound and southbound migration routes use similar paths comprised almost entirely of continental stretches, except in Central America, where some coastal stretches are used (Fuller et al., 1998Fuller, M.R.; Seegar, W.S. & Schueck, L.S. 1998. Routes and travel rates of migrating Peregrine Falcons Falco peregrinus and Swainson’s Hawks Buteo swainsoni in the Western Hemisphere. Journal of Avian Biology, 29(4): 433-440.). One individual banded in Oklahoma (USA) was recovered in AC in February and one chick banded in Alberta (Canada) in August was recovered in November of the same year in RS (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.; Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). This species can be observed in Tocantins (TO) in March and August (Dornas & Pinheiro, 2011Dornas, T. & Pinheiro, R.T. 2011. Ilha do Bananal e Planície do Cantão. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 111-115.) and in RJ, SP, PR, SC and RS between November and January, and a flock of over 100 individuals has also been reported in AM in November (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). Additionally, there is one collected specimen from SC in October (MZUSP 92336).

Charadriidae

Pluvialis dominica (MGT): exhibits an elliptic pattern of migration. After breeding in the tundra of northern Canada and Alaska, it migrates to Hudson and James Bay in August, from where it crosses the Atlantic - on a non-stop flight when climate conditions are favorable (Wiersma, 1996Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Charadriidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 384-442.) - following a costal pathway until it reaches its wintering area in southern South America in early September, namely the Pampas of RS, Paraguay and Argentina, with records of some individuals reaching Tierra del Fuego regularly (Wiersma, 1996Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Charadriidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 384-442.; Morrison et al., 2008Morrison, R.I.G.; Serrano, I.L.; Antas, P.T.Z. & Ross, K. 2008. Aves migratórias no Pantanal: Distribuição de aves limícolas neárticas e outras espécies aquáticas no Pantanal. Brasília, WWF Brasil. 99p. Available at: http://assets.wwfbr.panda.org/downloads/aves_migratorias_portugues_2_internet.pdf.
http://assets.wwfbr.panda.org/downloads/...
). During the non-breeding season from September to April, it was recorded in all Brazilian states except MA, PB, SE, BA and ES (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). There are population peaks in October and December on the beaches and lagoons in RS (Vooren & Chiaradia, 1990Vooren, C.M. & Chiaradia, A. 1990. Seasonal abundance and behavior of costal birds on Cassino beach, Brazil. Ornitologia Neotropical, 1: 9-24.; Dias et al., 2011Dias, R.A.; Gianuca, D.; Gianuca, A.T.; Júnior, A.G.; Chiaffitelli, R. & Ferreira, W.L.S. 2011. Estuário da Lagoa dos Patos. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa., Conservação Internacional. p. 335-341.), large numbers of individuals in November and December in the Paraíba do Sul River Valley in SP (Crozariol, 2011Crozariol, M.A. 2011. Fazenda Nabor. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 242-245.), in the Amazonian region between September and March, presenting peaks in October and November in Manaus/AM and in September and October in RR (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.). The species begins its return to the breeding site between January and April through inland South and Central America (Sick, 1983Sick, H. 1983. Migrações de aves na América do Sul Continental (tradução: Walter A. Voss). Brasília, Cemave - Instituto Brasileiro de Desenvolvimento Florestal. (Publicação Técnica nº 2).; Wiersma, 1996Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Charadriidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 384-442.), quickly reaching northern South America, and going from there to southern USA through the grasslands as far as Canada (Antas, 1987Antas, P.T.Z. 1987. Migração de aves no Brasil. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 2º, 1986, Rio de Janeiro. Anais. Rio de Janeiro, Editora da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. p. 153-187.).

Pluvialis squatarola (MGT): breeds in the Arctic, in the tundra in northern Canada, Alaska and Russia. It leaves its breeding areas heading south between July and September, and juveniles depart 5 to 6 weeks after adults. In general, this species reaches the coast of Guyana and then the Gulf of Maranhão during fall migration. The return from its wintering areas (coasts of North, Central and South America) occurs between April and mid-May (Wiersma, 1996Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Charadriidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 384-442.). Although there are localized records in November for the Marchantaria and Anavilhanas Islands (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.), most records are associated with coastal areas throughout the Brazilian coast and are centered in the period between September and May (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP; MPEG; MNRJ). There are records in all months of the year for RS, but the species is recorded mainly from September to April in this state (Belton, 1994Belton, W. 1994. Aves do Rio Grande do Sul: distribuição e biologia. São Leopoldo, Editora da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.).

Charadrius semipalmatus (MGT): departs from breeding sites in Canada between July and September (adults fly before juveniles) and overwinters on the coast and on all major islands from North, Central and South America. It reaches South America between September and early November and returns from April forward. In boreal spring, Delaware Bay, USA is an important stopover area, where around 70% of the population meets to prey on larvae of the horseshoe crab Limulus polyphemus (Wiersma, 1996Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Charadriidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 384-442.). As part of its pathway, it flies across Brazil from São Luís and the mouth of the Parnaíba River to the Baía de Todos os Santos (Antas, 1983Antas, P.T.Z. 1983. Migration of Nearctic shorebirds (Charadriidae and Scolopacidae) in Brazil - flyways and their different seazonal use. Wader Study Group Bulletin, 39(1): 52-56.), reaching the coast of SP in late August and early September, where it remains during spring and the beginning of summer. The number of individuals begins to decrease in mid-April when adults return to the Northern Hemisphere for breeding and only juveniles remain. It is suggested that the municipality of Ilha Comprida/SP is one of the stopover areas for foraging and resting during the return migration to the Northern Hemisphere (April) and to foraging areas in the Southern Hemisphere (September) (Barbieri et al., 2000Barbieri, E.; Mendonça, J.T. & Xavier, S.C. 2000. Distribuição da Batuíra-de-bando (Charadrius semipalmatus) ao longo do ano de 1999 na praia da Ilha Comprida. Notas técnicas FACIMAR, 4: 69-76.). The species appears to be present in Lagoa do Peixe/RS throughout the year, reaching as many as 300 individuals in March (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.). There are records for the Amazon Basin in Macapá/AP, Manaus/AM and PA between September and December (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.; Campos et al., 2008Campos, C.E.C.; Naiff, R.H. & Araújo, A.S. 2008. Censo de aves migratórias (Charadriidae e Scolopacidae) da porção norte da bacia amazônica, Macapá, Amapá, Brasil. Ornithologia, 3(1): 38-46.; Cintra et al., 2011Cintra, R.; Kasecker, T. & Melo, A.V. 2011. Reserva de Desenvolvimento Sustentável Piagaçu-Purus. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa., Conservation International. p. 50-54.; Silva, 2011bSilva, J.M.C. 2011b. Belém. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 82-84.; Valente, 2011Valente, R.M. 2011. Arquipélago do Marajó. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 78-81.).

Charadrius modestus (MGT): breeds in southern South America, on the Malvinas/Falklands, and departs between March and April to its northern wintering areas, which includes Buenos Aires, Argentina and the southern and southeastern regions of Brazil (as far as RJ), and returns between August and September (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.; Wiersma, 1996Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Charadriidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 384-442.; Azpiroz et al., 2012Azpiroz, A.B.; Isacch, J.P.; Dias, R.A.; Di Giacomo, A.S.; Fontana, C.S. & Palarea, C.M. 2012. Ecology and conservation of grassland birds in southeastern South America: a review. Journal of Field Ornithology, 83(3): 217-246.). It apparently exhibits two migratory routes: one over the Pacific and another over the Atlantic (Blanco et al., 2004Blanco, D.E.; Lanctot, R.B.; Isaac, J.P. & Gill, V.A. 2004. Pastizales templados del sur de América del Sur como hábitat de aves playeras migratorias. Ornitología Neotropical, 15(Suppl.): 159-167.). Records confirm the presence of this species between April and August in RJ, SP, PR, SC and RS (Cestari, 2008Cestari, C. 2008. Aves, Charadriidae, Charadrius modestus: Geographic distribution and a recent record to state of São Paulo, Brazil. Check List, 4(4): 464-466.; Ghizoni-Jr. & Azevedo, 2010Ghizoni-Jr., I.R. & Azevedo, M.A.G. 2010. Registros de algumas aves raras ou com distribuição pouco conhecida em Santa Catarina, sul do Brasil, e relatos de três novas espécies para o Estado. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 154: 33-46.; Simpson & Simpson, 2011Simpson, R. & Simpson, E. 2011. Registro documentado da batuíra-de-peito-tijolo Charadrius modestus (Charadriiformes: Charadriidae) em Paraty, Rio de Janeiro. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 162: 18-19.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP).

Oreopholus ruficollis (MGT): the subspecies O. r. ruficollis breeds in southern South America, on Chilean coastal islands and in Tierra del Fuego. It migrates in March-April to Ecuador and extreme southern Brazil (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.), reaching RS between May and July (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.) and possibly reaching SC and RJ, and returning to its breeding sites between August and September (Wiersma et al., 2016Wiersma, P.; Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. 2016. Tawny-throated Dotterel (Oreopholus ruficollis). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/53858 . Access in: 23/09/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/53858...
). There are records for RJ in May, SC in June and RS from April to August, which confirms this pattern (Maciel & Blanco, 2014Maciel, E. & Blanco, C.E. 2014. Primeiro registro da batuíra-de-papo-ferrugíneo, Oreopholus ruficollis e redescoberta do falcão-de-peito-laranja, Falco deiroleucus no estado do Rio de Janeiro. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 178: 4.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Chionidae

Chionis albus (MGT): breeds on the Antarctic Peninsula, on South Shetland, Elephant, South Orkney and South Georgia islands and probably on South Sandwich Islands (Harrison, 1983Harrison, P. 1983. Seabirds an identification guide. Boston, Houghton Miffin Company.). Most individuals depart from the breeding site between late April and early July and although its migratory routes are little known, its main wintering areas seem to be the Malvinas/Falklands, Tierra del Fuego and southern Patagonia, with some individuals reaching Uruguay (Burger, 1996Burger, A.E. 1996. Family Chionidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 546-555.). Burger (1996)Burger, A.E. 1996. Family Chionidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 546-555. suggests that this species is vagrant in Brazil, as Accordi & Hartz (2013Accordi, I.A. & Hartz, S.M. 2013. Aves em um mosaico de ambientes costeiros no sul do Brasil. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 172: 49-59.) classified it for RS, where it was recorded for the first time in May 1973 (Belton, 1974Belton, W. 1974. Two new southern migrants for Brazil. Auk, 91: 820.). However, its occurrence is limited to the period between April and August in the southern states of PR, SC and RS (Dias et al., 2010aDias, R.A.; Agne, C.E.; Gianuca, D.; Gianuca, A.; Barcellos-Silveira, A. & Bugoni, L. 2010a. New records, distribution and status of six seabird species in Brazil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 100(4): 379-390.), which is also illustrated by photographic records available for RS (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Scolopacidae

Limnodromus griseus (MGT): females depart before males and juveniles from breeding areas in Alaska, USA and Canada in early July, and the species overwinters in the USA, Central America and the coast of South America (van Gils & Wiersma, 1996van Gils, J. & Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Scolopacidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 489-533.). It seems that individuals fly non-stop when migrating south from North America and across the Atlantic to Suriname, where there are population peaks between September and November; when migrating north, its route seems to go through the coast of Guyana and from there across the Atlantic (Rodrigues, 2000Rodrigues, A.A.F. 2000. Seasonal abundance of Nearctic Shorebirds in the Gulf of Maranhão, Brasil. Journal of Field Ornithology, 71(4): 665-675.). The species seems to use the coast of MA as a stopover area before flying south between September and December to the wintering areas (Carvalho & Rodrigues, 2011Carvalho, D.L. & Rodrigues, A.A.F. 2011. Spatial and temporal distribution of migrant shorebirds (Charadriiformes) on Caranguejos Island in the Gulf of Maranhão, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 19(4): 486-492.). Records confirm this species’ presence in Brazil for PA, MA, PI, CE, RN, SE, BA, RJ and RS mainly from October to March (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP, MPEG, MNRJ). There are also records between April and September for AP, PA, MA, PI, CE, RN and BA (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP, MPEG, MNRJ), probably of non-breeding individuals, since several one-year-old shorebirds mostly stay on wintering grounds through first summer (Cristol et al., 1999Cristol, D.A.; Baker, M.B. & Carbone, C. 1999. Differential migration revisited: Latitudinal segregation by age and sex class. Current Ornithology, 15: 33-88.).

Limosa haemastica (MGT): after breeding in the Arctic, a large part of its population gathers along Hudson Bay and James Bay in Canada between late July and mid-August (van Gils & Wiersma, 1996van Gils, J. & Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Scolopacidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 489-533.). The species crosses the Atlantic and reaches northern South America, including the Amazon Basin, at the Sustainable Development Reserves of Mamirauá (Melo et al., 2011Melo, A.V.; Cintra, R.; Santos, P.M.R.S. & Tibúrcio, J.E.P. 2011. Reserva de Desenvolvimento Sustentável Mamirauá. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 37-41.), Amanã (Santos et al., 2011Santos, P.M.R.S.; Cintra, R.; Melo, A.V. & Tibúrcio, J.E.P. 2011. Reserva de Desenvolvimento Sustentável Amanã. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa., Conservation International, p. 42-45.) and Piagaçu-Purus (Cintra et al., 2011Cintra, R.; Kasecker, T. & Melo, A.V. 2011. Reserva de Desenvolvimento Sustentável Piagaçu-Purus. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa., Conservation International. p. 50-54.), Anavilhanas National Park (Cintra & Rosas, 2011Cintra, R. & Rosas, M. 2011. Parque Nacional de Anavilhanas. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 55-58.), Alto Guaporé region (d’Horta, 2011d’Horta, F.M. 2011. Alto Guaporé. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 188-192.) and the Pantanal (Poconé/MT; Cintra, 2011Cintra, R. 2011. Pantanal de Poconé. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 193-198.) between September and November. From October to April, the species reaches southern Brazil in SP, PR, SC and RS (Vallejos et al., 2011Vallejos, M.A.V.; Lanzer, M.; Silva, M.A.; Meijer, A.A.R.; Carrano, E. & Straube, F.C. 2011. Parque Regional do Iguaçu e adjacências. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 292-297.; Krul et al., 2011Krul, R.; Straube, F.C. & Urben-Filho, A. 2011. Litoral sul do Paraná. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 298-305.; Ferreira et al., 2011Ferreira, W.L.S.; Gomes-Júnior, A. & Chiaffitelli, R. 2011. Lagoinha da Barra. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 347-351.; Fedrizzi & Carlos, 2011Fedrizzi, C.E. & Carlos, C.J. 2011. Planície Costeira Central do Rio Grande do Sul. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 331-334.; Dias, 2011Dias, R.A. 2011. Litoral Sul do Rio Grande do Sul. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 352-357.; Barbieri, 2011Barbieri, E. 2011. Ilha Comprida. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa., Conservation International. p. 237-241.; MZUSP), in addition to Uruguay and Argentina. Over 1,000 individuals use the Lagoa do Peixe National Park as a stopover site during migration (Belton, 1994Belton, W. 1994. Aves do Rio Grande do Sul: distribuição e biologia. São Leopoldo, Editora da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.; Nascimento, 2011Nascimento, J.L.X. 2011. Parque Nacional da Lagoa do Peixe. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 321-324.), but their main wintering areas are in extreme southern South America, Tierra del Fuego and southern central Chile. The young appear to depart after the adults, and the return to the north from April onwards is completed with use of little or no (Harrington et al., 1986Harrington, B.A.; Antas, P.T.Z. & Silva, F. 1986. Northward shorebird migration on the Atlantic Coast of Southern Brazil. Vida Silvestre Neotropical, 1(1): 45-54.) stopover sites (van Gils & Wiersma, 1996van Gils, J. & Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Scolopacidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 489-533.).

Numenius borealis (MGT): an extinct species that bred in the inland Canadian Arctic and northern central Canada. Millions of individuals gathered on stopover areas throughout the countryside in the USA. In South America, its wintering areas were in the Argentinean Pampas, and it was first recorded in early 19th century in Brazil with specimens collected in Ipanema/SP in September-October and also for AM and MT between September and November (Pelzeln, 1870Pelzeln, A. 1870. Zur ornithologie brasiliens. Resultate von Johann Natterers reisen in den jahren 1817 bis 1835. Dargestellt von Johann Natterer. Wien, Druck Verlag a Pichler’s Witwe & Sohn.; Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.).

Numenius hudsonicus (MGT): breeds in Alaska and Canada and migrates to southern USA and South America during boreal winter (van Gils & Wiersma, 1996van Gils, J. & Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Scolopacidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 489-533.). During this migration south, which occurs from September to November, it reaches Suriname and then follows to the Gulf of Maranhão, where there are population peaks between December and February (Rodrigues, 2000Rodrigues, A.A.F. 2000. Seasonal abundance of Nearctic Shorebirds in the Gulf of Maranhão, Brasil. Journal of Field Ornithology, 71(4): 665-675.). Large gatherings were also recorded on the Reentrâncias Paraenses Environmental Protection Area (Rodrigues & Carvalho, 2011aRodrigues, A.A.F. & Carvalho, D.L. 2011a. Reentrâncias Paraenses. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 85-87.), and 10,879 individuals were recorded between Belém/PA and São Luís/MA in January 1982, 1983 and 1986 (Morrison & Ross, 1989Morrison, R.I.G. & Ross, R.K. 1989. Atlas of Neartic shorebirds on the coast of South America. Ottawa, Canadian Wildlife Service, Special Publication. 2v.). During the migration north from March to May, there is a population peak on Caranguejo Island/MA (Carvalho & Rodrigues, 2011Carvalho, D.L. & Rodrigues, A.A.F. 2011. Spatial and temporal distribution of migrant shorebirds (Charadriiformes) on Caranguejos Island in the Gulf of Maranhão, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 19(4): 486-492.). There are records for Brazil from AP to RS, as well as on Fernando de Noronha/PE (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.) throughout the year (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), which represents non-breeding individuals, since some one-year-old shorebirds mostly stay on wintering grounds through first summer (Cristol et al., 1999Cristol, D.A.; Baker, M.B. & Carbone, C. 1999. Differential migration revisited: Latitudinal segregation by age and sex class. Current Ornithology, 15: 33-88.).

Bartramia longicauda (MGT): breeds in Alaska, southern Canada and northern USA, and overwinters in Suriname, Paraguay, southern Brazil, northern Argentina and Uruguay (van Gils & Wiersma, 1996van Gils, J. & Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Scolopacidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 489-533.). After breeding, it migrates between August and September from central North America to grasslands in central and eastern South America through the Amazon Basin (Capllonch, 2011Capllonch, P. 2011. Ruta del Batitú (Bartramia longicauda) a través de la Província de Tucumán, Argentina. Nuestras Aves, 56: 19-20.), where it is recorded in small numbers between October and February on Marchantaria Island/AM and in RO (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.). It overwinters in the Pampas in southern Brazil (Di Giácomo & Krapovickas, 2005Di Giácomo, A.S. & Krapovickas, S. 2005. Conserving the grassland Important Bird Areas (IBAs) of southern South America: Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Brazil. USDA Forest Service General Technical Reports, 1243-1249.) and the Pantanal (Morrison et al., 2008Morrison, R.I.G.; Serrano, I.L.; Antas, P.T.Z. & Ross, K. 2008. Aves migratórias no Pantanal: Distribuição de aves limícolas neárticas e outras espécies aquáticas no Pantanal. Brasília, WWF Brasil. 99p. Available at: http://assets.wwfbr.panda.org/downloads/aves_migratorias_portugues_2_internet.pdf.
http://assets.wwfbr.panda.org/downloads/...
). Photographic records associated to literature data suggest the species occurs in all of Brazil between September and April (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.; Cintra, 2011Cintra, R. 2011. Pantanal de Poconé. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 193-198.; Cintra & Rosas, 2011Cintra, R. & Rosas, M. 2011. Parque Nacional de Anavilhanas. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 55-58.; d’Horta, 2011d’Horta, F.M. 2011. Alto Guaporé. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 188-192.; Melo et al., 2011Melo, A.V.; Cintra, R.; Santos, P.M.R.S. & Tibúrcio, J.E.P. 2011. Reserva de Desenvolvimento Sustentável Mamirauá. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 37-41.; Nunes et al., 2011Nunes, A.P.; Tizianel, F.A.T. & Tomas, W.M. 2011. Pantanal Sul: sub-regiões Nhecolândia e Paiaguás. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 199-204.; Schunck, 2011aSchunck, F. 2011a. Bacia Hidrográfica do reservatório Guarapiranga, São Paulo, SP. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 227-236., bSchunck, F. 2011b. Parque Ecológico do Tietê. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 246-250.; Silva, 2011aSilva, J.M.C. 2011a. Estação Ecológica de Maracá. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 19-21., bSilva, J.M.C. 2011b. Belém. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 82-84., cSilva, J.M.C. 2011c. Santarém. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 88-91.; Vallejos et al., 2011Vallejos, M.A.V.; Lanzer, M.; Silva, M.A.; Meijer, A.A.R.; Carrano, E. & Straube, F.C. 2011. Parque Regional do Iguaçu e adjacências. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 292-297.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP; MPEG).

Actitis macularius (MGT): widely distributed in North America, where it nests in open areas close to water bodies and reservoirs. It overwinters in southern USA, Central America and southern South America as far as northern Chile and Argentina (van Gils et al., 2016avan Gils, J.; Wiersma, P. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016a. Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularius). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Barcelona. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/53913 . Access in: 23/09/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/53913...
). It was recorded in September and November for RR and from July to May for Manaus and Marchantaria Island/AM (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.), as well as for RS (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.). It visits the Central Plateau from August to October (Negret, 1988Negret, A. 1988. Fluxos migratórios na avifauna da reserva ecológica do IBGE, Brasília, DF, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 5(2): 209-214.). There are recent photographic records for all Brazilian states between September and May. Scarce records between June and August (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) are probably of juveniles, since some one-year-old shorebirds mostly stay on wintering grounds through the first summer (Cristol et al., 1999Cristol, D.A.; Baker, M.B. & Carbone, C. 1999. Differential migration revisited: Latitudinal segregation by age and sex class. Current Ornithology, 15: 33-88.).

Tringa solitaria (MGT): breeds in North America and migrates to Central America during boreal winter (including the Antilles and Bahamas) and to the south as far as southern Argentina (van Gils & Wiersma, 1996van Gils, J. & Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Scolopacidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 489-533.). Individuals banded in Canada and the USA in July and August were recovered in the northern and northeastern regions of Brazil (as far as northern BA) in October, November, December and January (Mestre et al., 2010Mestre, L.A.M.; Roos, A.L. & Nunes, M.F. 2010. Análise das recuperações no Brasil de aves anilhadas no exterior entre 1927 e 2006. Ornithologia, 4(1): 15-35.). The species seems to be resident in the northern Amazon Basin in Macapá/AP (Campos et al., 2008Campos, C.E.C.; Naiff, R.H. & Araújo, A.S. 2008. Censo de aves migratórias (Charadriidae e Scolopacidae) da porção norte da bacia amazônica, Macapá, Amapá, Brasil. Ornithologia, 3(1): 38-46.). It is common near lakes and rivers in the Amazon Basin and can be seen near Manaus/AM from July to April (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.), rarely in flocks (van Gils & Wiersma, 1996van Gils, J. & Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Scolopacidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 489-533.). It overwinters in or uses the Pantanal as a stopover ground (Nunes & Tomas, 2008Nunes, A.P. & Tomas, W.M. 2008. Aves migratórias e nômades ocorrentes no Pantanal. EMBRAPA Pantanal.) and it is recorded for RS between September and April (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.). It appears in Brazil only from August to May in all states. There are some scarce records during the austral winter (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP; MNRJ; MPEG), but they are probably of juveniles, since some one-year-old shorebirds mostly stay on wintering grounds through their first summer (Cristol et al., 1999Cristol, D.A.; Baker, M.B. & Carbone, C. 1999. Differential migration revisited: Latitudinal segregation by age and sex class. Current Ornithology, 15: 33-88.).

Tringa melanoleuca (MGT): breeds from Alaska to eastern Canada and flies through James Bay, British Columbia, Mexico, Central and South America as far as Tierra del Fuego during spring (Piersma et al., 1996Piersma, T.; Gils, J. & Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Scolopacidae (sandpipers, snipes and phalaropes). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 444-533.). It is a migrant that presents records from August to November for Manaus/AM and Marchantaria Island/AM; it is common during fall, there are small numbers during winter, and only occasional records in spring (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.). During the migration south, it occurs in the Pantanal (Morrison et al., 2008Morrison, R.I.G.; Serrano, I.L.; Antas, P.T.Z. & Ross, K. 2008. Aves migratórias no Pantanal: Distribuição de aves limícolas neárticas e outras espécies aquáticas no Pantanal. Brasília, WWF Brasil. 99p. Available at: http://assets.wwfbr.panda.org/downloads/aves_migratorias_portugues_2_internet.pdf.
http://assets.wwfbr.panda.org/downloads/...
) and records suggest that it also flies over the central region of Brazil when returning to the Northern Hemisphere, which reinforces the importance as stopover grounds in the plains and basins of the Tocantins and Araguaia Rivers (Crozariol et al., 2012Crozariol, M.A.; Dornas, T.; Pacheco, J.F.; Olmos, F.; Prado, A.D. & Corrêa, A.G. 2012. Primeiros registros do maçarico-grande-de-perna-amarela, Tringa melanoleuca (Gmelin, 1789), (Charadriiformes: Scolopacidae) no estado do Tocantins. Ornithologia, 5(1): 36-38.). The species occurs in all months of the year in Brazil (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). Its occurrence during winter months is probably due to immature, non-breeding individuals that remain on wintering areas all year round (van Gills & Wiersma, 1996Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Charadriidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 384-442.).

Tringa semipalmata (MGT): breeds in North America and presents population peaks in both Suriname and the Gulf of Maranhão during the migration south between September and November, which suggests that the species goes over the coast of French Guiana, from where it crosses the Atlantic Ocean on a non-stop flight (Rodrigues, 2000Rodrigues, A.A.F. 2000. Seasonal abundance of Nearctic Shorebirds in the Gulf of Maranhão, Brasil. Journal of Field Ornithology, 71(4): 665-675.). It flies over the continent between São Luís and the mouth of the Parnaíba River to the Todos os Santos Bay, BA (Antas, 1983Antas, P.T.Z. 1983. Migration of Nearctic shorebirds (Charadriidae and Scolopacidae) in Brazil - flyways and their different seazonal use. Wader Study Group Bulletin, 39(1): 52-56.). It exhibits patterns of seasonal abundance on Caranguejo Island/MA with a population peak during spring migration between March and May (Carvalho & Rodrigues, 2011Carvalho, D.L. & Rodrigues, A.A.F. 2011. Spatial and temporal distribution of migrant shorebirds (Charadriiformes) on Caranguejos Island in the Gulf of Maranhão, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 19(4): 486-492.). Photographic records reveal the occurrence of this species along the Atlantic coast of the entire Brazilian territory throughout the year (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). However, scarce records during winter months (from May to July) are probably related to juveniles, since some one-year-old shorebirds mostly stay on wintering grounds through the first summer (Cristol et al., 1999Cristol, D.A.; Baker, M.B. & Carbone, C. 1999. Differential migration revisited: Latitudinal segregation by age and sex class. Current Ornithology, 15: 33-88.).

Tringa flavipes (MGT): breeds from May to August from Alaska to southern central Canada as far as James Bay in Canada. It flies through eastern Canada, inland USA and the Atlantic coast, going over Mexico, Antilles and Bahamas to South America, reaching as far as Tierra del Fuego (van Gils et al., 2016bvan Gils, J.; Wiersma, P. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016b. Lesser Yellowlegs (Tringa flavipes). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/53907 . Access in: 03/10/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/53907...
). In Brazil, the species occurs in the entire national territory and there are records for AM from July to February (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.), for the Pantanal during the migration south (Morrison et al., 2008Morrison, R.I.G.; Serrano, I.L.; Antas, P.T.Z. & Ross, K. 2008. Aves migratórias no Pantanal: Distribuição de aves limícolas neárticas e outras espécies aquáticas no Pantanal. Brasília, WWF Brasil. 99p. Available at: http://assets.wwfbr.panda.org/downloads/aves_migratorias_portugues_2_internet.pdf.
http://assets.wwfbr.panda.org/downloads/...
) and for RS in all months, especially between September and March (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.). Despite being found throughout the year in Brazil (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP, MNRJ, MPEG), records during winter in June and July are probably of juveniles, since some one-year-old shorebirds mostly stay on wintering grounds through the first summer (Cristol et al., 1999Cristol, D.A.; Baker, M.B. & Carbone, C. 1999. Differential migration revisited: Latitudinal segregation by age and sex class. Current Ornithology, 15: 33-88.).

Arenaria interpres (MGT): breeds in Alaska and the Canadian Arctic and flies along the Pacific and Atlantic coasts to winter on the coast in the Americas, reaching the entire Brazilian coast and Uruguay. There are large gatherings in Delaware Bay, USA, but the species migrates in small flocks. Juveniles depart around one month after the adults, that is, from mid-August to September (van Gils & Wiersma, 1996van Gils, J. & Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Scolopacidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 489-533.; Araújo et al., 2014Araújo, J.; Azevedo-Júnior, S.M.; Gaidet, N.; Hurtado, R.F.; Walker, D.; Thomazelli, L.M.; Ometto, T.; Seixas, M.M.; Rodrigues, R.; Galindo, D.B.; Silva, A.C.S.; Rodrigues, A.M.M.; Bomfim, L.L.; Mota, M.A.; Larrazábal, M.E.; Branco, J.O.; Serafini, P.; Neto, I.S.; Franks, J.; Webby, R.J.; Webster, R.G. & Durigon, E. 2014. Avian Influenza Virus (H11N9) in migratory shorebirds wintering in the Amazon Region, Brazil. Plos One, 9(10). DOI). During fall migration from September to November, the species first reaches the coast of Guyana and then migrates to the Gulf of Maranhão; during spring migration from March to May, it performs transoceanic flights from the coast of MA to North America (Rodrigues, 2000Rodrigues, A.A.F. 2000. Seasonal abundance of Nearctic Shorebirds in the Gulf of Maranhão, Brasil. Journal of Field Ornithology, 71(4): 665-675.). In Brazil, it is seen all year round in some places: Lagoa do Peixe/RS (Belton, 1994Belton, W. 1994. Aves do Rio Grande do Sul: distribuição e biologia. São Leopoldo, Editora da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.), the coast of PE (Azevedo-Júnior et al., 2001Azevedo-Júnior, S.M.; Dias, M.M.; Larrazábal, M.E.; Telino-Júnior, W.R.; Lyra-Neves, R.M. & Fernandes, C.J.G. 2001. Recapturas e recuperações de aves migratórias no litoral de Pernambuco, Brasil. Ararajuba, 9(1): 33-42.), Mangue Seco/BA (Lima, 2006Lima, P.C. 2006. Aves do Litoral Norte da Bahia - Birds of the Northern Coastal Region of Bahia. Atualidades Ornitológicas. Bahia, AO. 616p. Available at: www.ao.com.br/download/inbahia.pdf.
www.ao.com.br/download/inbahia.pdf...
) and Caranguejo Island/MA (Carvalho & Rodrigues, 2011Carvalho, D.L. & Rodrigues, A.A.F. 2011. Spatial and temporal distribution of migrant shorebirds (Charadriiformes) on Caranguejos Island in the Gulf of Maranhão, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 19(4): 486-492.). Data from banding and recapture shows that the individuals that winter in PE originate from the east coast of the USA (Azevedo-Júnior et al., 2001Azevedo-Júnior, S.M.; Dias, M.M.; Larrazábal, M.E.; Telino-Júnior, W.R.; Lyra-Neves, R.M. & Fernandes, C.J.G. 2001. Recapturas e recuperações de aves migratórias no litoral de Pernambuco, Brasil. Ararajuba, 9(1): 33-42.).

Calidris canutus (MGT): breeds in the Canadian Arctic. It gathers in great numbers in Delaware Bay, USA and migrates southwards, reaching the Brazilian coast, as well as Tierra del Fuego and Patagonia, where it stays during the non-breeding season. Some individuals may overwinter in French Guiana or Venezuela (van Gils & Wiersma, 1996van Gils, J. & Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Scolopacidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 489-533.; Baker et al., 2005Baker, A.J.; González, P.M.; Serrano, I.L.; Telino-Júnior, W.R.; Efe, M.A.; Rice, S.; D’Amico, V.L.; Rocha, M.C. & Echave, M.E. 2005. Assessment of wintering area of Red Knots in Maranhão northern Brazil in February 2005. Wader Study Group Bulletin, 197(1): 3-11.). After leaving the breeding area, the species flies south crossing over or stopping in the mid-Atlantic coast of the USA and on the Antilles, before reaching Brazil. One individual with a geolocator overwintered on the northern coast of Brazil, on the border between MA and PA. Another went south through MA and overwintered around 1,100 km east, and a third one stopped in MA for 12 days and then stopped again at Lagoa dos Patos/RS and went on to overwinter in Argentina. The return flight of this last individual was through the Pantanal (Niles et al., 2010Niles, L.J.; Burger, J.; Porter, R.R.; Dey, A.D.; Minton, C.D.T.; Gonzalez, P.M.; Baker, A.J.; Foz, J.M. & Gordon, C. 2010. First results using light level geolocators to track Red Knots in the Western Hemisphere show rapid and long intercontinental flights and new details of migration pathways. Wader Study Group Bulletin, 117(2): 123-130.). Population peaks are recorded in the Gulf of Maranhão: a large number of individuals arrive during fall migration from September to November (Carvalho & Rodrigues, 2011Carvalho, D.L. & Rodrigues, A.A.F. 2011. Spatial and temporal distribution of migrant shorebirds (Charadriiformes) on Caranguejos Island in the Gulf of Maranhão, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 19(4): 486-492.) and during spring migration from March to May, which suggests transoceanic flights from the coast of MA to North America (Rodrigues, 2000Rodrigues, A.A.F. 2000. Seasonal abundance of Nearctic Shorebirds in the Gulf of Maranhão, Brasil. Journal of Field Ornithology, 71(4): 665-675.). In RS, over 20,000 individuals were seen using the Lagoa do Peixe National Park and the Pinhal region as stopover grounds during their migration north. Banding data suggests that the flight between the southern coast of Brazil and Midwestern USA is a direct one (Harrington et al., 1986Harrington, B.A.; Antas, P.T.Z. & Silva, F. 1986. Northward shorebird migration on the Atlantic Coast of Southern Brazil. Vida Silvestre Neotropical, 1(1): 45-54.) that lasts approximately 13 days - 7,600 km (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). Ilha Comprida/SP is also a stopover site used for resting and feeding during the return migration (Barbieri & Paes, 2008Barbieri, E. & Paes, E.T. 2008. The Birds at Ilha Comprida Beach. Biota Neotropica, 8(3): 41-50.), as well as the mangroves from Mangue Seco/BA, where the species was recorded in mid-April (Lima, 2006Lima, P.C. 2006. Aves do Litoral Norte da Bahia - Birds of the Northern Coastal Region of Bahia. Atualidades Ornitológicas. Bahia, AO. 616p. Available at: www.ao.com.br/download/inbahia.pdf.
www.ao.com.br/download/inbahia.pdf...
). There are recent photographic records for almost all coastal states and they are centered on the period between September and April (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Calidris alba (MGT): breeds in the northern Arctic. Its wintering area extends from California to northern Chile on the Pacific and from the north coast of Brazil to Argentina on the Atlantic (Antas, 1987Antas, P.T.Z. 1987. Migração de aves no Brasil. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 2º, 1986, Rio de Janeiro. Anais. Rio de Janeiro, Editora da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. p. 153-187.). It is one of the species that flies the longest distance during migration: around 20,000 km from the Arctic to RJ, and then more 5,000 km to Tierra del Fuego (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). During fall migration from September to November, the species reaches the coast of Guyana and then migrates to the Gulf of Maranhão, from where it leaves to perform transoceanic flights back to North America during spring migration from March to May (Rodrigues, 2000Rodrigues, A.A.F. 2000. Seasonal abundance of Nearctic Shorebirds in the Gulf of Maranhão, Brasil. Journal of Field Ornithology, 71(4): 665-675.). Most individuals that overwinter (from December to February) in Peru and Chile perform a continental clockwise flight by migrating north along the Pacific coast and returning south along the Atlantic coast. There are three main flyways for its return across North America: (a) through the Pacific coast, (b) through the Gulf of Mexico and Great Lakes region, and (c) through the Atlantic coast (Myers et al., 1985Myers, J.P.; Salaberry, M.; Castro, G.; Maron, J.L.; Ortiz, E.; Schik, C.T. & Tabilo, E. 1985. Migracion interhemisferica del playero blanco (Calidris alba): nuevas observaciones del Programa Panamericano de Chorlos y Playeros. El Volante Migratorio, 4: 23-27.). The species exhibits fidelity to Coroa do Avião/PE, where recovered individuals show the link between migratory sites in PE and Lagoa do Peixe/RS, MA and the USA through field-readable colored bands (Lyra-Neves et al., 2004Lyra-Neves, R.M.; Azevedo-Júnior, S.M. & Telino-Júnior, W.R. 2004. Monitoramento do maçarico-branco, Calidris alba (Pallas) (Aves, Scolopacidae), através de recuperações de anilhas coloridas, na Coroa do Avião, Igarassu, Pernambuco, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 21(2): 319-324.). There are records from October to December for Marchantaria Island/AM and for the area surrounding the Solimões River (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.). During both migrations north and south, it is present in large quantities in Ilha Comprida/SP, a stopover ground used for resting and feeding (Barbieri & Paes, 2008Barbieri, E. & Paes, E.T. 2008. The Birds at Ilha Comprida Beach. Biota Neotropica, 8(3): 41-50.). Beaches in RS were recognized as the most important wintering areas for this species on the Atlantic coast of South America (Morrison & Ross, 1989Morrison, R.I.G. & Ross, R.K. 1989. Atlas of Neartic shorebirds on the coast of South America. Ottawa, Canadian Wildlife Service, Special Publication. 2v.). There are records all year round for Lagoa do Peixe/RS, approaching 6,000 individuals in November/December (Belton, 1994Belton, W. 1994. Aves do Rio Grande do Sul: distribuição e biologia. São Leopoldo, Editora da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.). There are recent records for all coastal states, as well as some occasional ones in GO, MG and AM. Most records are from September to April, although the species can be found throughout the year in Brazil (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). Some individuals remain in the wintering areas in South America during the breeding season from June to July (Myers et al., 1985Myers, J.P.; Salaberry, M.; Castro, G.; Maron, J.L.; Ortiz, E.; Schik, C.T. & Tabilo, E. 1985. Migracion interhemisferica del playero blanco (Calidris alba): nuevas observaciones del Programa Panamericano de Chorlos y Playeros. El Volante Migratorio, 4: 23-27.; van Gils & Wiersma, 1996van Gils, J. & Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Scolopacidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 489-533.),

Calidris pusilla (MGT): breeds in northern Canada and Alaska, and overwinters mainly in South America (Gratto-Trevor & Dickson, 1994Gratto-Trevor, C.L. & Dickson, H.L. 1994. Confirmation of elliptical migration in a population of Semipalmated Sandpiper. Wilson Bulletin, 106(1): 78-90.). It flies non-stop for as long as 4,000 km and is known to form flocks of 350,000 individuals. The species presents high fidelity to its breeding sites, but little is known about its wintering areas. Around 2/3 of the juveniles remain in non-breeding areas throughout the year (van Gils & Wiersma, 1996van Gils, J. & Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Scolopacidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 489-533.). Long-distance migration between the wintering area in the Southern Hemisphere and the breeding area in high latitudes from the Northern Hemisphere are interspersed with long stopover periods for energy storing, especially in Delaware Bay on the east coast of the USA, where it usually begins to arrive in early May and remains until early June (Mizrahi et al., 2012Mizrahi, D.S.; Peters, K.A. & Hodgetts, P.A. 2012. Energetic condition of Semipalmated and Least Sandpipers during northbound migration staging periods in Delaware Bay. Waterbirds, 35(1): 135-145.). In the Amazonian region, there are records throughout the year for PA and AP (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.; Campos et al., 2008Campos, C.E.C.; Naiff, R.H. & Araújo, A.S. 2008. Censo de aves migratórias (Charadriidae e Scolopacidae) da porção norte da bacia amazônica, Macapá, Amapá, Brasil. Ornithologia, 3(1): 38-46.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) with a population peak in AP in November and December (Campos et al., 2008). There are recent records in all coastal states (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). It is recorded all year round in PE, CE and MA and there are population peaks on Caranguejo Island/MA during the fall migration from September to November due to the arrival in northern Brazil of migrants originating from stopover sites in northern South America (Carvalho & Rodrigues, 2011Carvalho, D.L. & Rodrigues, A.A.F. 2011. Spatial and temporal distribution of migrant shorebirds (Charadriiformes) on Caranguejos Island in the Gulf of Maranhão, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 19(4): 486-492.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). The species can be observed in other states in northeastern Brazil (PI, CE, RN, PB, PE, AL, SE and BA) from August to April (Azevedo-Júnior et al., 2001Azevedo-Júnior, S.M.; Dias, M.M.; Larrazábal, M.E.; Telino-Júnior, W.R.; Lyra-Neves, R.M. & Fernandes, C.J.G. 2001. Recapturas e recuperações de aves migratórias no litoral de Pernambuco, Brasil. Ararajuba, 9(1): 33-42.; Cardoso & Nascimento, 2007Cardoso, T.A.L. & Nascimento, J.L.X. 2007. Avaliação de atividades turísticas prejudiciais à permanência de aves migratórias na Coroa do Avião, Pernambuco, Brasil. Ornithologia, 2(2): 170-177.; Cardoso & Zappelini, 2011; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP; MPEG; MNRJ). There are population peaks between November and February in SE (Almeida & Ferrari, 2010Almeida, B.J.M. & Ferrari, S.F. 2010. Seasonal and longitudinal variation in the abundance and diversity of shorebirds (Aves, Charadriiformes) on Atalaia beach in northeastern Brazil. Ornitologia Neotropical, 21: 56-580.) and in March in the Piaçabuçu Environmental Protection Area/AL (Cabral et al., 2006Cabral, S.A.S.; Azevedo-Júnior, S.M. & Larrazábal, M.E. 2006. Abundância sazonal de aves migratórias na Área de Proteção Ambiental de Piaçabuçu, Alagoas, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 23(3): 865-869.). It is also recorded from August to April for the states in the southeastern and southern regions (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP).

Calidris minutilla (MGT): breeds from Alaska to Quebec, including Newfoundland and Nova Scotia, and migrates through inland North America, reaching the southern USA, Antilles, Gulf of Mexico and northeastern South America (van Gils & Wiersma, 1996van Gils, J. & Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Scolopacidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 489-533.). Migration between the wintering area in the Southern Hemisphere and the breeding area is interspersed with long stopover periods for energy storing, especially in Delaware Bay on the eastern coast of the USA, where they start arriving in mid-April and depart from around the third week of May (Mizrahi et al., 2012Mizrahi, D.S.; Peters, K.A. & Hodgetts, P.A. 2012. Energetic condition of Semipalmated and Least Sandpipers during northbound migration staging periods in Delaware Bay. Waterbirds, 35(1): 135-145.). There are records from August to April in the Amazonian region for AM, RR, AP and PA (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.; Campos et al., 2008Campos, C.E.C.; Naiff, R.H. & Araújo, A.S. 2008. Censo de aves migratórias (Charadriidae e Scolopacidae) da porção norte da bacia amazônica, Macapá, Amapá, Brasil. Ornithologia, 3(1): 38-46.; Cintra & Rosas, 2011Cintra, R. & Rosas, M. 2011. Parque Nacional de Anavilhanas. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 55-58.; Cintra et al., 2011Cintra, R.; Kasecker, T. & Melo, A.V. 2011. Reserva de Desenvolvimento Sustentável Piagaçu-Purus. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa., Conservation International. p. 50-54.; Santos et al., 2011Santos, P.M.R.S.; Cintra, R.; Melo, A.V. & Tibúrcio, J.E.P. 2011. Reserva de Desenvolvimento Sustentável Amanã. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa., Conservation International, p. 42-45.; Silva, 2011aSilva, J.M.C. 2011a. Estação Ecológica de Maracá. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 19-21., bSilva, J.M.C. 2011b. Belém. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 82-84.; Valente, 2011Valente, R.M. 2011. Arquipélago do Marajó. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 78-81.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), as well as for MA, PI, CE, RN, PB, PE, AL, SE and BA on the northeastern coast (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; Albano & Girão, 2011Albano, C. & Girão, W. 2011. Região Metropolitana de Fortaleza. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa., Conservation International. p. 133-136.; Azevedo-Júnior & Larrazábal, 2011aAzevedo-Júnior, S.M. & Larrazábal, M.E. 2011a. Coroa do Avião. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa. Conservation International, 150-154.; Cardoso & Zappelini, 2011Cardoso, T.A.L. & Zeppelini, D. 2011. Migratory shorebirds during boreal summer and southward migration on the coast of Paraíba, Brazil. Waterbirds, 34(3): 369-375.; Girão & Albano, 2011aGirão, W. & Albano, C. 2011a. Ilha Grande. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 129-132.; Irusta & Sagot-Martin, 2011Irusta, J.B. & Sagot-Martin, F. 2011. Complexo Litorâneo da Bacia Potiguar. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Conservation International. p. 141-145.; Santos, 2011; Serrano, 2011Serrano, I.L. 2011. Área de Proteção Ambiental das Reentrâncias Maranhenses. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 118-121.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) and for the coast of RJ, SP, SC and RS (Crozariol, 2011Crozariol, M.A. 2011. Fazenda Nabor. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 242-245.; Santos & Alves, 2011Santos, T.R. & Alves, M.A.S. 2011. Região costeira do Rio de Janeiro, no corredor da Serra do Mar. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa., Conservation International, p. 251-263.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). It was recorded in September for MT (Cintra, 2011Cintra, R. 2011. Pantanal de Poconé. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 193-198.; d’Horta, 2011d’Horta, F.M. 2011. Alto Guaporé. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 188-192.) and in May for AP (MPEG).

Calidris fuscicollis (MGT): breeds in the Canadian Arctic and migrates to wintering areas in Patagonia. It flies from northeastern North America over the Atlantic Ocean to northern South America and reaches the Guianas in late August, where they remain until mid-September. It moves gradually through the northern coast of South America to areas southeast of the mouth of the Amazon River, when it enters the continent and flies for approximately one month until it reaches Paraguay and RS between mid and late October (Harrington et al., 1991Harrington, B.A.; Leeuwenberg, F.J.; Lara-Resende, S.; McNeil, R.; Thomas, B.T.; Grear, J.S. & Martinez, E.F. 1991. Migration and mass change of White-rumped Sandpipers in North and South America. Wilson Bulletin, 103(4): 621-636.). Some individuals remain during the entire summer in this locality and there are peaks of nearly 7,000 individuals in November and December in Lagoa do Peixe/RS (Belton, 1994Belton, W. 1994. Aves do Rio Grande do Sul: distribuição e biologia. São Leopoldo, Editora da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.), but the main non-breeding area for this species is in southern Argentina and Chile, where it arrives in mid-September, October and November. During its migration to the most meridional regions of South America, it can fly over the Amazon Basin and other humid areas in the country - using the Pantanal as a stopover area (Nunes & Tomas, 2008Nunes, A.P. & Tomas, W.M. 2008. Aves migratórias e nômades ocorrentes no Pantanal. EMBRAPA Pantanal.) - before it reaches Lagoa do Peixe/RS and Tierra del Fuego in Argentina (Barbieri & Paes, 2008Barbieri, E. & Paes, E.T. 2008. The Birds at Ilha Comprida Beach. Biota Neotropica, 8(3): 41-50.). Spring migration starts in late March and early April and seems to be done in long flights. Eventually, it uses Ilha Comprida/SP as a stopover ground for resting and feeding (Barbieri & Paes, 2008) on its way to North America, where it likely stops to obtain enough fat reserves to accomplish a direct flight to the Canadian Arctic between late May and mid-June, and then breed (Harrington et al., 1991Harrington, B.A.; Leeuwenberg, F.J.; Lara-Resende, S.; McNeil, R.; Thomas, B.T.; Grear, J.S. & Martinez, E.F. 1991. Migration and mass change of White-rumped Sandpipers in North and South America. Wilson Bulletin, 103(4): 621-636.). There are records centered in the period between August and May for almost all states in Brazil that are scarce in June and July and restricted to BA, SC and RS (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), probably represented by young non-breeding individuals, since some one-year-old shorebirds mostly stay on wintering grounds through their first summer (Cristol et al., 1999Cristol, D.A.; Baker, M.B. & Carbone, C. 1999. Differential migration revisited: Latitudinal segregation by age and sex class. Current Ornithology, 15: 33-88.). There is also one museum record for SP in June (MZUSP 2094).

Calidris bairdii (MGT): breeds in northern North America, departs in mid-August from its breeding grounds to winter in South America, and returns in late June (Steeves & Holohan, 1995Steeves, J.B. & Holohan, S. 1995. Baird’s Sandpiper Calidris bairdii - southward migration on the Canadian Prairie. Wader Study Group Bulletin, 77: 44-47.). Its migration occurs especially through the inland, through grasslands in North America, the Rocky Mountains and Andes. Females depart first and are followed by the young (van Gils & Wiersma, 1996van Gils, J. & Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Scolopacidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 489-533.). Two individuals banded in the USA and Canada were recovered in the estuary of the Amazon River in January and April (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.) and there are also other records for this locality in September (Melo et al., 2011Melo, A.V.; Cintra, R.; Santos, P.M.R.S. & Tibúrcio, J.E.P. 2011. Reserva de Desenvolvimento Sustentável Mamirauá. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 37-41.; Santos et al., 2011Santos, P.M.R.S.; Cintra, R.; Melo, A.V. & Tibúrcio, J.E.P. 2011. Reserva de Desenvolvimento Sustentável Amanã. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa., Conservation International, p. 42-45.). There is evidence that this species uses the Pantanal as a stopover site (Nunes & Tomas, 2008Nunes, A.P. & Tomas, W.M. 2008. Aves migratórias e nômades ocorrentes no Pantanal. EMBRAPA Pantanal.). Photographic records are restricted to RS, where it is recorded between September and April (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.; Dias, 2011Dias, R.A. 2011. Litoral Sul do Rio Grande do Sul. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 352-357.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). There is just one museum record for SP in May (MZUSP 102373).

Calidris melanotos (MGT): breeds on the northern coast of North America, from western and northern Alaska to northern central Canada, to Hudson Bay, as well as in northwestern Siberia. It migrates south during winter and reaches from southern Bolivia, Paraguay and northern Argentina to southern South America and southeastern Australia and New Zealand (van Gils & Wiersma, 1996van Gils, J. & Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Scolopacidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 489-533.). Its migration seems to be elliptic because it moves south over the western Atlantic Ocean and returns through central regions of North America. Its wintering area includes the entire Pantanal (Nunes & Tomas, 2008Nunes, A.P. & Tomas, W.M. 2008. Aves migratórias e nômades ocorrentes no Pantanal. EMBRAPA Pantanal.) and the area south of it, which makes this the second most numerous Nearctic shorebird species in a census taken in these plains (Morrison et al., 2008Morrison, R.I.G.; Serrano, I.L.; Antas, P.T.Z. & Ross, K. 2008. Aves migratórias no Pantanal: Distribuição de aves limícolas neárticas e outras espécies aquáticas no Pantanal. Brasília, WWF Brasil. 99p. Available at: http://assets.wwfbr.panda.org/downloads/aves_migratorias_portugues_2_internet.pdf.
http://assets.wwfbr.panda.org/downloads/...
). There are photographic records for almost all of Brazil, but records for the northeastern region are quite scarce and restricted to September, October and February. Records in the Amazonian region are restricted to the period between August and December and those in the southeastern and southern regions are distributed from September to April (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). Museum records are distributed irregularly across several states but restricted to the period between August and November (MZUSP; MNRJ, MPEG).

Calidris himantopus (MGT): breeds in northern Alaska east to Victoria Island and west and south to Hudson Bay in Canada. It migrates to South America (northern Chile, Bolivia, Brazil, northern Argentina and Uruguay) in winter and small populations winter in southern USA (van Gils & Wiersma, 1996van Gils, J. & Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Scolopacidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 489-533.). Its flyway seems to go from Venezuela straight to the Upper Amazon and Central Brazil, reaching the Atlantic coast in RS (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). Females start migrating from the second week of July on, males start a week after, and juveniles only in mid-August. The return flight is over the coast of Colombia and Venezuela. It reaches the USA in April and the breeding areas in Canada in late May. Males arrive two days before females. Some individuals remain in the wintering areas all year round, but they usually migrate in groups as large as hundreds of individuals (van Gils et al., 2016cvan Gils, J.; Wiersma, P. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016c. Stilt Sandpiper (Calidris himantopus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/53941 . Access in: 23/09/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/53941...
). In Brazil, records are centered in the period between September and April and show the presence of this species in Amazonian regions - AM, PA and RO (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP; MPEG) - in southeastern and southern Brazil - RJ, SP, PR, SC and RS -, in the Pantanal - MT and MS -, and in CE, RN and PE in northeastern Brazil (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Calidris subruficollis (MGT): breeds in the central and western Arctic and migrates from late July to mid-September to wintering areas in the Southern Hemisphere, which are located mainly in the Pampas in Argentina and Uruguay. In general, it flies non-stop through inland North America and coastal Canadian provinces, crosses the Gulf of Mexico and flies as far as northern South America. It moves inside the continent and has wintering areas in southeastern Bolivia, Paraguay, southern Brazil and northern Argentina (Piersma et al., 1996Piersma, T.; Gils, J. & Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Scolopacidae (sandpipers, snipes and phalaropes). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 444-533.). The migration south is probably non-stop and adults depart before juveniles. Some individuals fly over Hudson Bay in Canada and the region of the Great Lakes, and then cross the Atlantic heading south (van Gils et al., 2016dvan Gils, J.; Wiersma, P. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016d. Buff-breasted Sandpiper (Calidris subruficollis). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/53941 . Access in: 22/10/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/53941...
). Its main wintering area is on the coast of the La Plata River in the eastern Pampas in Argentina, adjacent to the large lagoon complexes in Uruguay and RS in Brazil. The migration north starts between February and March and is through the central region of South America, across the Gulf of Mexico and central USA and Canada, before reaching the coast of the Arctic in April-May (Lanctot et al., 2010Lanctot, R.B.; Aldabe, J.; Almeida, J.B.; Blanco, D.; Isacch, J.P.; Jorgensen, J.; Norland, S.; Rocca, P. & Strum, K.M. 2010. Conservation Plan for the Buff-breasted Sandpiper (Tryngites subruficollis). Version 1.1. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and Manomet Center for Conservation Sciences, Manomet.). In Brazil, there are records between September and April for AC, RO, PA northern Pantanal (MT), and for RJ, SP, PR, SC and RS in (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MPEG; MZUSP).

Phalaropus tricolor (MGT): breeds in southern Canada and northern USA from May to June and overwinters from northern Peru to Uruguay, reaching as far as Tierra del Fuego. After breeding, adults migrate to the hypersaline Great Lakes in western North America attracted by food abundance for molting and weight gain. Females migrate in mid-June before males, which migrate before juveniles. The species crosses the Pacific and reaches the western coast of South America as far as the Andes. Its main wintering areas are in Bolivia, Chile and Argentina. It returns through high elevations in South America in mid-March, Central America and the Gulf of Mexico. It reaches its breeding areas in late April/early May. It migrates usually at night and in large groups (van Gils & Wiersma, 1996van Gils, J. & Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Scolopacidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 489-533.). This species is present in Brazil between August and May in GO, MT, MS, MG, RJ, SP, PR, SC and RS, and there is a unique record for MS in July (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Stercorariidae

Stercorarius skua (MGT): breeds in northern and eastern Europe and overwinters on the coast of the Iberian Peninsula, Cape Verde, Caribbean and northern Brazil and one small group overwinters in Grand Banks/Newfoundland, Canada. This species departs from its breeding areas in August-September, heading south. It overwinters mainly in open sea and its return migration is between March and April. Immature individuals eventually remain in the south during the breeding season (Furness, 2016Furness, R.W. 2016. Great Skua (Catharacta skua). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/53957 . Access in: 06/10/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/53957...
). In RS, there are records of ill or dead individuals in the open sea or occasionally along beaches in April, July and August (Belton, 1994Belton, W. 1994. Aves do Rio Grande do Sul: distribuição e biologia. São Leopoldo, Editora da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.). There are reports of individuals banded in Europe without confirmed dates that were recovered in MA in February and in CE and PI in March (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). Museum records are restricted to PA in December and January (MPEG) and to SP in August (MZUSP).

Stercorarius chilensis (MGT): its movement is little known, but it seems to fly north after breeding on islands and remote coastal areas in Chile and Argentina, reaching southern Peru and possibly to the east as far as west of the Malvinas/Falklands (Furness, 1996Furness, R.W. 1996. Family Stercorariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 556-571.). It is considered a winter visitor in Brazil (Furness, 1996Furness, R.W. 1996. Family Stercorariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 556-571.) and there are few records published for the country (Olmos et al., 2006Olmos, F.; Bugoni, L. Neves, T. & Peppes, F. 2006. Caracterização das aves oceânicas que interagem com a pesca de espinhel no Brasil. In: Neves, T.; Bugoni, L. & Rossi, C.L.D.B. (Orgs.). Aves oceânicas e suas interações com a pesca na Região Sudeste-Sul do Brasil. São Paulo, Instituto Oceanográfico, USP. p. 37-67.), for SC in July, September and November (Piacentini et al., 2005Piacentini, V.Q.; Wedekin, L.L. & Daura-Jorge, F.G. 2005. Petrels, skuas and other migrant seabirds in a costal bay in Santa Catarina state, southern Brazil. Cotinga, 24: 55-59.) and many others without accurate locality for BA, ES, RJ, SP and RS (Olmos et al., 2006Olmos, F.; Bugoni, L. Neves, T. & Peppes, F. 2006. Caracterização das aves oceânicas que interagem com a pesca de espinhel no Brasil. In: Neves, T.; Bugoni, L. & Rossi, C.L.D.B. (Orgs.). Aves oceânicas e suas interações com a pesca na Região Sudeste-Sul do Brasil. São Paulo, Instituto Oceanográfico, USP. p. 37-67.; Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.). The abundance of records in WikiAves, which are centered in the period between June and September, suggests a regular presence of this species in the country, especially in RS and SC; there are also records for PR, SP and ES (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Stercorarius maccormicki (MGT): nests in Antarctica, leaves the colonies in March and returns in October-November (Furness, 1996Furness, R.W. 1996. Family Stercorariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 556-571.). In general, it flies towards the North Atlantic through the African coast. Adults seem to remain near the colonies, but there are records of some juveniles performing long migrations (Olmos et al., 2006Olmos, F.; Bugoni, L. Neves, T. & Peppes, F. 2006. Caracterização das aves oceânicas que interagem com a pesca de espinhel no Brasil. In: Neves, T.; Bugoni, L. & Rossi, C.L.D.B. (Orgs.). Aves oceânicas e suas interações com a pesca na Região Sudeste-Sul do Brasil. São Paulo, Instituto Oceanográfico, USP. p. 37-67.). This species occurs in Brazil mainly during the non-breeding season and there are photographic records for MA in December, RN in October, SE in September and May, and for BA from September to November, as well as from April to June (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). There are also records for SP in May (MZUSP 102643), August and November, PR in May, SC in July, August and November, and for RS in April (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Stercorarius antarcticus (MGT): occurs below the Tropic of Capricorn on southern seas and reaches Tierra del Fuego, the Antarctic Peninsula and New Zealand. The subspecies S. a. antarcticus is more frequent in Brazil; it breeds on the Malvinas/Falklands and in southeastern Argentina and overwinters in the open sea in southeastern South America (Furness, 1996Furness, R.W. 1996. Family Stercorariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 556-571.). Individuals from the subspecies S. a. lonnbergi, which breed on the islands of the Austral Ocean, in the Antarctic Peninsula and islands south of New Zealand, were recovered in RS, SC, PE, AL and CE (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; Olmos, 2002aOlmos, F. 2002a. Non-breeding seabirds in Brazil: a review of band recoveries. Ararajuba, 10(1): 31-42.). Most populations probably remain near their breeding areas, but especially those located more to the south are considered migratory (Olmos et al., 2006Olmos, F.; Bugoni, L. Neves, T. & Peppes, F. 2006. Caracterização das aves oceânicas que interagem com a pesca de espinhel no Brasil. In: Neves, T.; Bugoni, L. & Rossi, C.L.D.B. (Orgs.). Aves oceânicas e suas interações com a pesca na Região Sudeste-Sul do Brasil. São Paulo, Instituto Oceanográfico, USP. p. 37-67.). Photographic records for Brazil are centered in the winter and they document the species’ presence in BA in May, PR in June and September, SC in August and RS between June and October (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) and occasionally on the coast of MA (Hurtado et al., 2012Hurtado, R.; Serafini, P.P.; Vanstreels, R.E.T.; Olsen, K.M. & Durigon, E.L. 2012. Northernmost record of Brown Skua Stercorarius antarcticus (Lesson 1831) at Maranhão state, northern Brazil. Boletín Chileno de Ornitología, 18(1-2): 52-56.).

Stercorarius pomarinus (MGT): nests in the tundra between Greenland, Canada, Alaska, Siberia, northern Russia and extreme northern Scandinavia (Olmos et al., 2006Olmos, F.; Bugoni, L. Neves, T. & Peppes, F. 2006. Caracterização das aves oceânicas que interagem com a pesca de espinhel no Brasil. In: Neves, T.; Bugoni, L. & Rossi, C.L.D.B. (Orgs.). Aves oceânicas e suas interações com a pesca na Região Sudeste-Sul do Brasil. São Paulo, Instituto Oceanográfico, USP. p. 37-67.). After breeding, it begins long transequatorial migrations mainly in September to overwinter in low latitude seas especially in the Northern Hemisphere. It returns in May, usually in smaller flocks (Furness, 1996Furness, R.W. 1996. Family Stercorariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 556-571.). In Brazil, there are records for PA, SP and RS (Olmos, 2000cOlmos, F. 2000c. Revisão dos registros de Stercorarius pomarinus no Brasil, com notas sobre registros de S. longicaudus e S. parasiticus (Charadriiformes: Stercorariidae). Nattereria, 1: 29-33.) and photographic records for the coast between SE and RS, as well as for PA, MA, PI and RN, which are centered in the period from September to May (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Stercorarius parasiticus (MGT): breeds in the Arctic, in the coastal tundra region, primarily between 57°N and 80°N. It overwinters on oceans in the Southern Hemisphere, especially near the coast of South America, southern Africa, southern Australia and New Zealand. It is mostly a transequatorial migrant and few individuals overwinter in the Northern Hemisphere. It departs from the colony in August flying south along the coast. The return journey is quick and happens between April and May (Furness, 1996Furness, R.W. 1996. Family Stercorariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 556-571.). On the Brazilian coast, particularly in RJ, it occurs in larger numbers in January, but there are records from March to May and from September to December. One individual banded as a chick in Finland was recovered in RJ in June and another banded in Scotland was recovered in AL in May (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). The species occurs regularly on the coast of SC, and although most records and most individuals are from November to April (Piacentini et al., 2005Piacentini, V.Q.; Wedekin, L.L. & Daura-Jorge, F.G. 2005. Petrels, skuas and other migrant seabirds in a costal bay in Santa Catarina state, southern Brazil. Cotinga, 24: 55-59.), there are occasional records throughout the year, which also happens in RS (Belton, 1994Belton, W. 1994. Aves do Rio Grande do Sul: distribuição e biologia. São Leopoldo, Editora da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). For all other states (PA, MA, PI, CE, RB, BA, ES, RJ, SP and PR), records are restricted to the period between September and May (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP).

Stercorarius longicaudus (MGT): nests on the central region of Scandinavia, Siberia, Alaska and Greenland, and there are occasional records for Scotland and Spitsbergen (Olmos et al., 2006Olmos, F.; Bugoni, L. Neves, T. & Peppes, F. 2006. Caracterização das aves oceânicas que interagem com a pesca de espinhel no Brasil. In: Neves, T.; Bugoni, L. & Rossi, C.L.D.B. (Orgs.). Aves oceânicas e suas interações com a pesca na Região Sudeste-Sul do Brasil. São Paulo, Instituto Oceanográfico, USP. p. 37-67.). This species is a highly pelagic transequatorial migrant that moves south between August and October and returns to the Northern Hemisphere between April and May (Furness, 1996Furness, R.W. 1996. Family Stercorariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 556-571.). Its flyways and wintering grounds are little known (Furness et al., 2016Furness, R.W.; Kirwan, G.M.; de Juana, E. & Garcia, E.F.J. 2016. Long-tailed Jaeger (Stercorarius longicaudus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/53960 . Access in: 2710/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/53960...
), but there are records for Brazil for SE, BA, SP, SC and RS between October and April (Belton, 1994Belton, W. 1994. Aves do Rio Grande do Sul: distribuição e biologia. São Leopoldo, Editora da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Laridae

Leucophaeus atricilla (MGT): breeds in northern USA and southern Canada and migrates to South America. It overwinters from Mexico to southern Peru on the Pacific coast and from North Carolina to Brazil on the Atlantic coast (Burger et al., 2016Burger, J.; Gochfeld, M.; Christie, D.A.; Kirwan, G.M. & Garcia, E.F.J. 2016. Olrog’s Gull (Larus atlanticus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/53964 . Access in: 18/05/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/53964...
). In Brazil, it occurs from the mouth of the Amazon River to the bay of São Marcos/MA (Antas, 1987Antas, P.T.Z. 1987. Migração de aves no Brasil. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 2º, 1986, Rio de Janeiro. Anais. Rio de Janeiro, Editora da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. p. 153-187.) Although its typical distribution on the Brazilian coast is in AP, PA and MA, there are also records for AM, CE, RJ, SP (Lima et al., 2010Lima, L.M.; Schunck, F.; Siciliano, S.; Carlos, C.J.; Rennó, B.; Fonseca-Neto, F.P.; Fedrizzi, C.E.; Albano, C. & Moura, J.F. 2010. Distribuição, abundância e sazonalidade de Leucophaeus atricilla (Charadriiformes: Laridae) no Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 18(3): 199-206.) and Trindade Island (Dias et al., 2010aDias, R.A.; Agne, C.E.; Gianuca, D.; Gianuca, A.; Barcellos-Silveira, A. & Bugoni, L. 2010a. New records, distribution and status of six seabird species in Brazil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 100(4): 379-390.). In the Amazonian region, records are for AP from August to April and for PA from September to July (Valente, 2011Valente, R.M. 2011. Arquipélago do Marajó. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 78-81.; Xavier & Boss, 2011Xavier, B.F. & Boss, R.L. 2011. Estação Ecológica Maracá-Jipioca. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 28-32.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MPEG). In the Northeast region, it occurs in MA in almost every month of the year (Rodrigues & Carvalho, 2011bRodrigues, A.A.F. & Carvalho, D.L. 2011b. Reentrâncias Maranhenses e Golfão Maranhense. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 122-124.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) and in CE, PI, RN and BA from September to May (Albano & Girão, 2011Albano, C. & Girão, W. 2011. Região Metropolitana de Fortaleza. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa., Conservation International. p. 133-136.; Girão & Albano, 2011aGirão, W. & Albano, C. 2011a. Ilha Grande. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 129-132., bGirão, W. & Albano, C. 2011b. Região do Banco dos Cajuais. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 137-140.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), but there are also records of what probably are juveniles for CE and RN in July (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). For RJ and SP, there are few records in January, April and November (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) and for RS, the species was recorded in January and July (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Larus atlanticus (MGT): occurs from southeastern Uruguay to Argentina, where it breeds (Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.). An estimated number of 150 individuals overwinter annually in RS and they occupy sparsely the oceanic coast and the estuary from Lagoa dos Patos, where at most 50 individuals occur regularly between April and August (FZBRS, 2013Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul (FZBRS). 2013. Revisão da Lista das Espécies da Fauna Silvestre Ameaçadas de Extinção no Rio Grande do Sul. Consulta Pública. Available at: Available at: www.fzb.rs.gov.br/upload/1396360907_fauna_ameacada.pdf . FZBRS e SEMA/RS. Access in: 17/06/2015.
www.fzb.rs.gov.br/upload/1396360907_faun...
). Although records are centered in the period between April and August, there are occasional records from September to November, February and March (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). The species also occurs in SC (Burger et al., 2016Burger, J.; Gochfeld, M.; Garcia, E.F.J. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016. Laughing Gull (Larus atricilla). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/54003 . Access in 27/10/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/54003...
) in June and August (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) and PR in April and June (Pacheco et al., 2009Pacheco, J.F.; Branco, J.O. & Piacentini, V.Q. 2009. Olrog’s Gull Larus atlanticus in Santa Catarina, Brazil: northernmost occurrence and first state Record. Cotinga, 31: 149.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Sternidae

Onychoprion fuscatus (MGT): occurs on tropical and subtropical seas and is widely distributed on all oceans. As soon as chicks fly, all birds depart from the colony; adults return after 2-3 months at sea and use the colony as a roost before beginning a new breeding cycle (Gochfeld et al., 2016aGochfeld, M.; Burger, J.; Kirwan, G.M.; Christie, D.A.; de Juana, E. & Garcia, E.F.J. 2016a. Sooty Tern (Onychoprion fuscatus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/54043 . Access in: 25/04/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/54043...
). The subspecies O. f. fuscatus is the only one that occurs in Brazil and it breeds in the USA, in islands in the Gulf of Guinea and in the South Atlantic (Gochfeld & Burger, 1996Burger, A.E. 1996. Family Chionidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 546-555.). In Brazil, it breeds between September and March in Fernando de Noronha/PE, Trindade/ES, Atol das Rocas/RN, Abrolhos/BA, Ilha Guarita/BA and Martin Vaz/ES (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; Alves et al., 2004Alves, V.S.; Soares, A.B.A. & Couto, G.S. 2004. Aves marinhas e aquáticas das ilhas do litoral do estado do Rio de Janeiro. In: Branco, J.O. (Org.). Aves Marinhas e Insulares Brasileiras (Bioecologia e Conservação). Itajai, Univali Editora. p. 83-100.; Fonseca-Neto, 2004Fonseca-Neto, F.P. 2004. Aves marinhas da ilha Trindade. In: Branco, J.O. (Org.). Aves Marinhas e Insulares Brasileiras (Bioecologia e Conservação). Itajaí, Editora da Univali. p. 119-146.). Specimens were collected at BA in March and July (Lima, 2006Lima, P.C. 2006. Aves do Litoral Norte da Bahia - Birds of the Northern Coastal Region of Bahia. Atualidades Ornitológicas. Bahia, AO. 616p. Available at: www.ao.com.br/download/inbahia.pdf.
www.ao.com.br/download/inbahia.pdf...
; MZUSP) and at ES in January, April and December (MZUSP).

Chlidonias niger (MGT): breeds in continental regions in Europe, Asia and North America, and it migrates through the coast of both the Pacific and Atlantic to overwinter on the coast of Africa and of Central and South America (Burger & Gochfeld, 1996Burger, J. & Gochfeld, M. 1996. Family Laridae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 572-623.). In Brazil, there are records of one individual recovered in Macau/RN in September 1986 that had been banded in Berlin (Germany), one individual in nuptial plumage in RS in June (Belton, 1994Belton, W. 1994. Aves do Rio Grande do Sul: distribuição e biologia. São Leopoldo, Editora da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.), and records for CE in October (Albano & Girão, 2011Albano, C. & Girão, W. 2011. Região Metropolitana de Fortaleza. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa., Conservation International. p. 133-136.). Several records for CE, MA and RS centered in the period between September and February (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) suggest that Brazil is an important wintering destination for this species.

Sterna hirundo (MGT): breeds in North America, Eurasia and the southern Caribbean from April to August. It migrates from late August to October to Santa Cruz Province in Argentina through the Atlantic Ocean, and to Peru through the Pacific Ocean. It returns in mid-March and April (Cordeiro et al., 1996Cordeiro, P.H.C.; Flores, J.M. & Nascimento, J.L.X. 1996. Análise das recuperações de Sterna hirundo no Brasil entre 1980 e 1994. Ararajuba, 4: 3-7.; Gochfeld et al., 2016bGochfeld, M.; Burger, J. & Christie, D.A. 2016b. Common Tern (Sterna hirundo). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/54025 . Access in: 10/10/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/54025...
). The population that overwinters in Brazil originates from breeding colonies on the east coast of the USA and Canada, as well as from the Great Lakes in North America. Adults reach the northern coast of Brazil around late September and fly over the Caribbean and Guianas before the young. There are population peaks between October and November, and it is in November that this species flies south through the inland northeastern region of Brazil, as far as RS, along the Atlantic coast (Hays et al., 1997Hays, H.; DiCostanzo, J.; Cormons, G.; Antas, P.T.Z.; Nascimento, J.L.X.; Nascimento, I.L.S. & Bremer, R.E. 1997. Recoveries of roseate and common terns in South America. Journal of Field Ornithology, 68(1): 79-90.), as found through statistical analyses (Mestre, 2007Mestre, L.A.M. 2007. Registros das migrações de trinta-réis-boreal Sterna hirundo: análise das recuperações de indivíduos marcados na América do Norte (1928-2005) e Brasil (1983-2005). Ornithologia, 2(2): 81-87.). Breeding adults return in March/April (Hays et al., 1997Hays, H.; DiCostanzo, J.; Cormons, G.; Antas, P.T.Z.; Nascimento, J.L.X.; Nascimento, I.L.S. & Bremer, R.E. 1997. Recoveries of roseate and common terns in South America. Journal of Field Ornithology, 68(1): 79-90.), but immature individuals or those that cannot breed may remain (Antas, 1987Antas, P.T.Z. 1987. Migração de aves no Brasil. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 2º, 1986, Rio de Janeiro. Anais. Rio de Janeiro, Editora da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. p. 153-187.). Individuals banded on the Portuguese islands of Azores and in southern Spain between April and July were recovered mainly on the coast of BA, but also in CE and PE, between December and May (Lima et al., 2005Lima, P.C.; Hays, H.; Lima, R.C.F.R.; Cormons, T. & Cormons, G. 2005. Recuperações de Sterna hirundo (Linnaeus, 1758) na Bahia, Brasil entre 1995 e 2004. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 13(2): 177-179.; Mestre et al., 2010Mestre, L.A.M.; Roos, A.L. & Nunes, M.F. 2010. Análise das recuperações no Brasil de aves anilhadas no exterior entre 1927 e 2006. Ornithologia, 4(1): 15-35.). The largest gatherings of individuals of this species in Brazil are in BA and RS (within which Lagoa do Peixe is an important site for resting, molting and weight gain) (Nascimento & Santos, 2010Nascimento, J.L.X. & Santos, P.J.P. 2010. Preparação pré-migratória de Sterna hirundo (Charadriiformes, Sternidae) no Parque Nacional da Lagoa do Peixe, Rio Grande do Sul. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 18(4): 307-314.), with peaks of up to 14,000 individuals recorded in January and February (Belton, 1994Belton, W. 1994. Aves do Rio Grande do Sul: distribuição e biologia. São Leopoldo, Editora da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.). Individuals banded in Argentina and in southern Brazil were recovered on the coast of BA, which suggests that there are stopover grounds on the coast of Brazil used during the migration north (Lima et al., 2005Lima, P.C.; Hays, H.; Lima, R.C.F.R.; Cormons, T. & Cormons, G. 2005. Recuperações de Sterna hirundo (Linnaeus, 1758) na Bahia, Brasil entre 1995 e 2004. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 13(2): 177-179.). Although there are records from the entire Brazilian coast throughout the year, they are centered in the period of September to April (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP; MPEG; MNRJ).

Sterna dougallii (MGT): breeds in areas in the Northern Hemisphere - North and Central America, Azores, Great Britain, Sri Lanka and islands in the North Pacific - and migrates south during winter. It is resident on oceanic islands and small regions in the northern coast of South America, Africa, Arabia, Asia and Oceania (Gochfeld & Burger, 1996Gochfeld, M. & Burger, J. 1996. Family Sternidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 624-667.). The population that overwinters in Brazil originates mainly from breeding colonies on the east coast of the USA and Canada, as well as on the Great Lakes in North America (Antas, 1987Antas, P.T.Z. 1987. Migração de aves no Brasil. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 2º, 1986, Rio de Janeiro. Anais. Rio de Janeiro, Editora da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. p. 153-187.). Individuals banded in North and Central America in June and July were recovered in Brazil in 11 states from the coast of AP to northern ES, especially between December and February (Mestre et al., 2010Mestre, L.A.M.; Roos, A.L. & Nunes, M.F. 2010. Análise das recuperações no Brasil de aves anilhadas no exterior entre 1927 e 2006. Ornithologia, 4(1): 15-35.). Tavares et al. (2013Tavares, D.C.; Moura, J.F. & Siciliano, S. 2013. First documented record of the Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii Montagu, 1813 (Aves: Sternidae) in southeast Brazil. Check List, 9(4): 806-808.) suggest that this species is a regular migrant in northern RJ. It also seems to use a transatlantic flyway, as shown by an individual banded in Mangue Seco/BA that was recovered in a breeding colony in Azores and another one banded in England recovered in Mangue Seco (Lima et al., 2001aLima, P.C.; Hays, H.; Rocha, R.C.F. & dos Santos, S.S. 2001a. Recuperação de Sterna dougallii anilhadas nos EUA e Europa. In: Congresso Brasileiro de Ornitologia, 9º. Resumos. Curitiba, SOB. p. 257-258.). Museum records are restricted to BA in August, February and March (MZUSP).

Sterna paradisaea (MGT): breeds from May to July in septentrional zones of the Holarctic and flies along the Brazilian coast when migrating to Antarctica to overwinter. When migrating south, the North American population follows the Gulf Stream as far as Europe and then flies south along the African coast, crossing once again the Atlantic at the level of the current of Guinea (Antas, 1987Antas, P.T.Z. 1987. Migração de aves no Brasil. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 2º, 1986, Rio de Janeiro. Anais. Rio de Janeiro, Editora da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. p. 153-187.). Recent geolocation studies showed that this species is able to travel more than 80,000 km in one year. Eleven individuals were attached with geolocators in Greenland, seven of which used flyways that were parallel to the African coast and four that went along the east coast of Brazil (Gochfeld et al., 2016cGochfeld, M.; Burger, J. & Garcia, E.F.J. 2016c. Arctic Tern (Sterna paradisaea). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/54026 . Access in: 25/04/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/54026...
). All birds remained in the Atlantic sector of the Antarctic Ocean at latitude 58°S from December to March (Gochfeld et al., 2016c). Individuals banded in the USA were recovered in Brazil in BA in July and August, RJ in March, SC in November and RS in December (Belton, 1994Belton, W. 1994. Aves do Rio Grande do Sul: distribuição e biologia. São Leopoldo, Editora da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.; Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; Lima et al., 2004cLima, P.C.; Grantsau, R.; Lima, R.C.F.R. & Santos, S.S. 2004c. Occurrence and mortality of seabirds along the Northern Coast of Bahia, and the identification key of the Procellariiformes Order and the Stercorariidae Family. Cetrel S.A. Salvador, Cetrel. 63p. (Relatório Técnico). Available at: www.ao.com.br/download/seabirds.pdf.
www.ao.com.br/download/seabirds.pdf...
; Girão et al., 2008Girão, W.; Albano, C.; Campos, A.A.; Pinto, T. & Carlos, C.J. 2008. Registros documentados de cinco novos trinta-réis (Charadriiformes: Sternidae) no estado do Ceará, nordeste do Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 16(3): 252-255.). Photographic records suggest the scarce presence of the species on the entire Brazilian coast from Marajó Island/PA to RS, especially from September to April (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Cuculidae

Micrococcyx cinereus (MGT): occurs in Bolivia, Uruguay, northern Argentina and Brazil and is migratory at the extreme south of its distribution (Payne, 1997Payne, R.B. 1997. Family Cuculidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 4: Sandgrouse to Cuckoos. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 508-607.), with records for the Brazilian Amazon associated with migrants that originated in the south (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). It seems that this species breeds in southern and southwestern Brazil and migrates north during winter (Payne & Bonan, 2013Payne, R.B. & Bonan, A. 2013. Ash-colored Cuckoo (Coccycua cinerea). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/54889 . Access in: 30/07/2015.
www.hbw.com/node/54889...
). Records of breeding activity for RS in November, combined with a lack of records for the south during colder months from May to July in SC and RS (Belton, 1994Belton, W. 1994. Aves do Rio Grande do Sul: distribuição e biologia. São Leopoldo, Editora da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), seem to confirm the migratory pattern. In other states - AC, RO, PA, TO, MT, MS, GO, CE, RN, PB, AL, SE, BA and SP - records are scarcely distributed throughout the year (Lyra-Neves et al., 2012Lyra-Neves, R.M.; Azevedo-Júnior, S.M.; Telino-Júnior, W.R. & Larrazábal, M.E.L. 2012. The Birds of the Talhado do São Francisco Natural Monument in the Semi-Arid Brazilian Northeast. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 20(3): 268-289.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MPEG; MZUSP).

Coccyzus melacoryphus (MGT): occurs from northern South America to Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina and all of Brazil (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). There is a lack of data about its migratory pattern, but it seems to be a migrant, especially in the extreme south of its entire distribution (Payne, 1997Payne, R.B. 1997. Family Cuculidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 4: Sandgrouse to Cuckoos. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 508-607.). In southern and southeastern Brazil - MG, ES, RJ, SP, PR, SC and RS - photographic and museum records are centered in the period of October and April (MZUSP; MNRJ; MPEG; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
. However, in northern, northeastern and central-western Brazil, although there are records sparsely all over the year, it seems to be concentrated between January and September (MZUSP; MNRJ; MPEG; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
. Breeds in BA and RS (Maurício et al., 2013Maurício, G.N.; Bencke, G.A.; Repenning, M.; Borges-Machado, D.; Dias, R.A. & Bugoni, L. 2013. Review of the breeding status of birds in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 103(2): 163-184.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
.

Coccyzus americanus (MGT): breeds in North and Central America and flies at night during fall to the Antilles and Bahamas (2,000-3,000 km) from where it moves south in non-stop flights of over 4,000 km to wintering grounds in South America. Its migration occurs during the night mainly across the ocean, though it also flies over the continent. This species overwinters east of the Andes, from Colombia and Venezuela to Brazil (MT), Uruguay and Argentina (Payne, 1997Payne, R.B. 1997. Family Cuculidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 4: Sandgrouse to Cuckoos. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 508-607.), and reaches Brazil during boreal winter (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). Geolocation data showed that one individual flew around 9,500 km during its migration south through Central America to overwinter in Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina. Its spring flyway went over the Caribbean, which was different from its fall flyway. In addition, it also flew round-trip between New Mexico and Mexico at the end of the summer during both years it was monitored before it was captured at the breeding site (Sechrist et al., 2012Sechrist, J.D.; Paxton, E.H.; Ahlers, D.D.; Doster, R.H. & Ryan, V.M. 2012. One year of migration data for a Western Yellow-billed Cuckoo. Western Birds, 43(1): 2-11.). In Brazil, except for SP where it seems to be recorded all year round (Crozariol, 2011Crozariol, M.A. 2011. Fazenda Nabor. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 242-245.), its occurrence is limited to November until May in almost all states (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.; Fedrizzi & Carlos, 2011Fedrizzi, C.E. & Carlos, C.J. 2011. Planície Costeira Central do Rio Grande do Sul. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 331-334.; Melo et al., 2011Melo, A.V.; Cintra, R.; Santos, P.M.R.S. & Tibúrcio, J.E.P. 2011. Reserva de Desenvolvimento Sustentável Mamirauá. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 37-41.; Nunes et al., 2011Nunes, A.P.; Tizianel, F.A.T. & Tomas, W.M. 2011. Pantanal Sul: sub-regiões Nhecolândia e Paiaguás. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 199-204.; Vallejos et al., 2011Vallejos, M.A.V.; Lanzer, M.; Silva, M.A.; Meijer, A.A.R.; Carrano, E. & Straube, F.C. 2011. Parque Regional do Iguaçu e adjacências. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 292-297.; Vasconcelos et al., 2011Vasconcelos, M.F.; Rodrigues, M. & Silva, J.M.C. 2011. Setor Mineiro do Vale do São Francisco. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 222-226.; Xavier & Boss, 2011Xavier, B.F. & Boss, R.L. 2011. Estação Ecológica Maracá-Jipioca. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 28-32.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP), which corroborates the presented migratory pattern.

Caprimulgidae

Chordeiles minor (MGT): breeds in North and Central America and overwinters in South America as far as central Argentina (Sick, 1983Sick, H. 1983. Migrações de aves na América do Sul Continental (tradução: Walter A. Voss). Brasília, Cemave - Instituto Brasileiro de Desenvolvimento Florestal. (Publicação Técnica nº 2).; Cleere, 2016Cleere, N. 2016. Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/55166 . Access in: 29/04/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/55166...
). It has many subspecies and one of them, C. m. chapmani, overwinters in central Brazil and northern Argentina (GROMS, 2008Global Register of Migratory Species (GROMS). 2008. Available at: Available at: www.groms.de. Access in: 10/05/2008.
www.groms.de....
). All Brazilian records, including photographic, vocal and collected specimens are restricted to September to April (Albano & Girão, 2011Albano, C. & Girão, W. 2011. Região Metropolitana de Fortaleza. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa., Conservation International. p. 133-136.; Costa et al., 2011Costa, T.V.V.; Andretti, C.B.; Fernandes, A.M.; Vargas, C.F.; Bechtoldt, C.L.; Deslandes, V. & Cohn-Haft, M. 2011. Estação Ecológica Juami-Japurá. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 33-36.; d’Horta, 2011d’Horta, F.M. 2011. Alto Guaporé. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 188-192.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
, MZUSP, MPEG, MNRJ). However it is important to emphasize that photographic record must be carefully analysed due to the difficulty in distinguishing this species from C. acutipennis.

Apodidae

[Cypseloides niger] (MGT): breeds in North America and migrates south, sometimes in large flocks, and groups of 300 to 400 individuals have already been recorded in California (Chantler, 1999Chantler, P. 1999. Family Apodidae (Swifts). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 5. Barn-owls to hummingbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 388-457.). Geolocation data showed that the fall migration of C. n. borealis started between September 10th and 19th, that it reached the wintering grounds in Western Amazonia (especially in AM) between September 28th and October 12th, and that it departed from these grounds heading to the breeding sites between May and June (Beason et al., 2012Beason, J.P.; Gunn, C.; Potter, K.M.; Sparks, R.A. & Fox, J.W. 2012. The Northern Black Swift: migration path and wintering area revealed. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology, 124(1): 1-8.). This is the first piece of evidence of wintering grounds for this species in Brazil, which is why it is considered migratory.

Chaetura meridionalis (MGT): breeds in Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina, and migrates to Panama, northern Colombia, Venezuela, Suriname and French Guiana during winter. It reaches its breeding site in early September, where it remains until mid-April (Chantler, 1999Chantler, P. 1999. Family Apodidae (Swifts). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 5. Barn-owls to hummingbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 388-457.; del Hoyo et al., 2016bdel Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016b. Southern Swift (Chaetura meridionalis). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/467189 . Access in: 29/04/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/467189...
). It breeds in SP in September-March and departs from Atlantic Forest lowlands in southeastern SP in April-August (Aleixo & Galetti, 1997Aleixo, A. & Galetti, M. 1997. The conservation of the avifauna in a lowland Atlantic forest in south-east Brazil. Bird Conservation International, 7: 235-261.). It also can be seen in RJ, breeding between late August and early September; it departs in March/April. It nests in MT in October and November (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.) and it is considered a migrant in RS (Accordi & Hartz, 2013Accordi, I.A. & Hartz, S.M. 2013. Aves em um mosaico de ambientes costeiros no sul do Brasil. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 172: 49-59.), where there are records of breeding activity from November to January (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.). Photographic records suggest breeding activity in CE, BA, MG, RJ, SP, PR, SC and RS between October and January (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). Occurrence records are centered in the period of September to April (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MNRJ; MZUSP; MPEG).

Falconidae

Falco peregrinus (MGT): occurs in all regions of the world and is migratory in only part of its distribution. In Brazil, it occurs as a migrant (White et al., 1994White, C.M.; Olson, P.D. & Kiff, L.F. 1994. Family Falconidae (falcons and caracaras). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 206-275.) originating from breeding areas in the Northern Hemisphere. Individuals banded in the USA, Canada and on the islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon on the Canadian coast mainly between April and October were recovered in 16 Brazilian states between November and March, especially SP, PR and RS (Mestre et al., 2010Mestre, L.A.M.; Roos, A.L. & Nunes, M.F. 2010. Análise das recuperações no Brasil de aves anilhadas no exterior entre 1927 e 2006. Ornithologia, 4(1): 15-35.). This species can be seen along the Amazon River and its main tributaries during the boreal winter from October to May (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.; Costa et al., 2011Costa, T.V.V.; Andretti, C.B.; Fernandes, A.M.; Vargas, C.F.; Bechtoldt, C.L.; Deslandes, V. & Cohn-Haft, M. 2011. Estação Ecológica Juami-Japurá. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 33-36.; Melo et al., 2011Melo, A.V.; Cintra, R.; Santos, P.M.R.S. & Tibúrcio, J.E.P. 2011. Reserva de Desenvolvimento Sustentável Mamirauá. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 37-41.) and in PA in October, November (Silva, 2011cSilva, J.M.C. 2011c. Santarém. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 88-91.; MPEG) and March (Silva, 2011bSilva, J.M.C. 2011b. Belém. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 82-84.). It was recorded in northern Cantão State Park/TO in April, when it was probably returning to the Nearctic region for the start of the next breeding season, using the Araguaia River channel as flyway (Pinheiro & Dornas, 2009Pinheiro, R.T. & Dornas, T. 2009. Distribuição e conservação das aves na região do Cantão, Tocantins: ecótono Amazônia/Cerrado. Biota Neotropica, 9(1): 187-205.; Dornas & Pinheiro, 2011Dornas, T. & Pinheiro, R.T. 2011. Ilha do Bananal e Planície do Cantão. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 111-115.). There are also records in November for the region of Banco dos Cajuais/CE-RN (Girão & Albano, 2011aGirão, W. & Albano, C. 2011a. Ilha Grande. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 129-132.), for CE from October to May, for RN and SE from November to March (Sousa, 2011Sousa, M.C. 2011. Estuário do Rio Sergipe. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International, p. 167-170.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), in BA from December and January (MZUSP) and for RJ, SP, PR, SC and RS from October to April (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MNRJ; MZUSP).

Psittacidae

Amazona pretrei (MGT): endemic to Brazil and occurs in SC and RS. Breeding grounds are known for this species only in RS (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.; Prestes et al., 1997Prestes, N.P.; Martinez, J.; Meyrer, P.A.; Hansen, L.H. & Xavier, M.N. 1997. Nest characteristics of the Red-spectacled Parrot Amazona pretrei Temminck, 1830 (Psittacidae). Ararajuba, 5(2): 151-158.). After leaving the breeding areas in several regions of RS, the entire population performs a longitudinal and altitudinal migration from January, searching for a larger supply of Araucaria angustifolia seeds, to northeastern RS and from there to southeastern SC (Martinez & Prestes, 2002Martinez, J. & Prestes, N.P. 2002. Ecologia e conservação do papagaio-charão Amazona pretrei. In: Galetti, M. & Pizo, M.A. (Eds.). Ecologia e conservação de psitacídeos no Brasil. Belo Horizonte, Melopsittacus. p. 173-192.) when juveniles are already part of the flock. The return to its breeding areas occurs between June and August, depending on the availability and duration of the pine season in the highlands of SC (Prestes & Martinez, 2008Prestes, N.P. & Martinez, J. 2008. Amazona pretrei (Temminck, 1830). In: Machado, A.B.M.; Drummond, G.M.; Paglia, A.P. (Orgs.). Livro Vermelho da Fauna Ameaçada de Extinção no Brasil, vol. 2. Brasília, Ministério do Meio Ambiente e Fundação Biodiversitas. p. 459-460.). Photographic records (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) and field data (N.P. Prestes & J. Martinez, pers. obs.) show the presence of this species in SC from January to June and in RS almost in every month, but with few records in April and May.

Furnariidae

Cinclodes fuscus (MGT): is regarded as resident in Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina, but the population that breeds in central and southern Chile and Argentina migrates to southern Brazil, southeastern Paraguay, Uruguay and northern Argentina during winter (Remsen Jr., 2003Remsen Jr., J.V. 2003. Family Furnariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 8: Broadbills to Tapaculos. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 162-357.). In Brazil, the northern-most record of the species is for Lagoa do Peri in Florianópolis, SC in May and other records are restricted to RS (Naka et al., 2000Naka, L.N.; Barnett, J.M.; Kirwan, G.M.; Tobias, J.A. & Azevedo, M.A.G. 2000. New and noteworthy bird records from Santa Catarina state, Brazil. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 120(4): 237-250.) between April and September (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MNRJ; MZUSP).

Tityridae

Phytotoma rutila (MGT): occurs in Bolivia, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay and Brazil, where it is recorded only in RS and occurs occasionally as a winter visitor in the extreme western region of the state (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.), especially in the region of the Espinilho State Park (FZBRS, 2013Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul (FZBRS). 2013. Revisão da Lista das Espécies da Fauna Silvestre Ameaçadas de Extinção no Rio Grande do Sul. Consulta Pública. Available at: Available at: www.fzb.rs.gov.br/upload/1396360907_fauna_ameacada.pdf . FZBRS e SEMA/RS. Access in: 17/06/2015.
www.fzb.rs.gov.br/upload/1396360907_faun...
). Photographic records indicate that this species occurs in RS only between April and August (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Tyrannidae

Inezia inornata (MGT): breeds in Argentina, Paraguay and eastern Bolivia, and has been recorded in Peru, Brazil and northern Bolivia during austral winter (Fitzpatrick, 2004Fitzpatrick, J.W. 2004. Family Tyrannidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 170-463.), when it settles in tropical lowlands that are hot and humid (Joseph, 1996Joseph, L. 1996. Preliminary climatic overview of migration patterns in South American austral migrant passerines. Ecotropica, 2(2): 185-193.). Available data about breeding activities are restricted to the presence of birds with enlarged gonads in November in Bolivia (Fitzpatrick, 2016Fitzpatrick, J.W. 2016. Plain Tyrannulet (Inezia inornata). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/57249 . Access in: 24/06/2016).
www.hbw.com/node/57249...
). It occurs in MT and MS from May to September (MZUSP). There is also a localized banding record for southeastern PA in September (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
), and records for RO in July (Capllonch et al., 2009Capllonch, P.; Ortiz, D. & Soria, K. 2009. Migraciones de especies de Tyrannidae de la Argentina: Parte 2. Acta Zoológica Lilloana, 53(1-2): 77-79.) and August and in AC from May to August (MPEG). Further studies are necessary to fully comprehend this species’ migratory pattern.

Elaenia chilensis (MGT): breeds mainly in southern Argentina and Chile in Patagonia (Capllonch et al., 2011Capllonch, P.; Álvarez, M.E. & Blendinger, P.G. 2011. Sobre la migración de Elaenia albiceps chilensis (Aves: Tyrannidae) en Argentina. Acta Zoológica Lilloana, 55(2): 229-246.), but it can also be further north in Chile, for instance in the Fray Jorge Reserve (Pyle et al., 2015Pyle, P.; Engilis Jr., A. & Kelt, D.A. 2015. Manual for ageing and sexing landbirds of Bosque Fray Jorge National Park and North-central Chile, with notes on occurrence and breeding seasonality. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science, Special Publication. 156p.). It migrates north during austral winter, at least in part through the Brazilian coast, but it also seems to fly along the east slope of the Andes (Marini & Cavalcanti, 1990Marini, M.A. & Cavalcanti, R.B. 1990. Migracões de Elaenia albiceps chilensis e Elaenia chiriquensis albivertex (Aves: Tyrannidae). Boletim do Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi Serie Zoologia, 6: 59-67.), reaching northeastern and northern Brazil (Amazon Basin included), Peru, and possibly Colombia, respectively (Hosner, 2016Hosner, P.A. 2016. White-crested Elaenia (Elaenia albiceps). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/57145 . Access in: 13/01/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/57145...
). In Bolivia there are records during the breeding season, but they are probably related to late migrants (Hosner, 2016Hosner, P.A. 2016. White-crested Elaenia (Elaenia albiceps). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/57145 . Access in: 13/01/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/57145...
). The migration southwards seems to follow a diffuse route from the Amazon to Central Brazil (Marini & Cavalcanti, 1990Marini, M.A. & Cavalcanti, R.B. 1990. Migracões de Elaenia albiceps chilensis e Elaenia chiriquensis albivertex (Aves: Tyrannidae). Boletim do Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi Serie Zoologia, 6: 59-67.). West-central Argentina (e.g., Mendoza and San Juan Provinces) also seems to be part of a spring migration route to Patagonia (Cueto et al., 2016Cueto, V.R.; Sagario, M.C. & Lopez de Casenave, J. 2016. Do migrating White-crested Elaenia (Elaenia albiceps chilensis) use stopover sites en route to their breeding areas? Evidence from the central Monte desert, Argentina. Emu, 116(3): 301-304. DOI), and this species reaches its breeding sites in Patagonia in mid-October (Brown et al., 2007Brown, C.E.; Anderson, C.B.; Ippi, S.; Sherriffs, M.F.; Charlin, R.; McGehee, S. & Rozzi, R. 2007. The autecology of the fío-fío (Elaenia albiceps Lafresnaye & D’orbigny) in subantarctic forests of the Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve, Chile. Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia, 35: 29-40.). Geolocation data (Jiménez et al., 2016Jiménez, J.E.; Jahn, A.E.; Rozzi, R. & Seavy, N.E. 2016. First Documented Migration of Individual White-Crested Elaenias (Elaenia albiceps chilensis) in South America. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology, 128(2): 419-425.) suggested that three individuals banded on Navarino Island in Tierra del Fuego migrated north at the end of February along the eastern coast of South America, stopped for around 10 days on the eastern coast of Brazil, before flying west to wintering grounds in east-central Amazonia, where they arrived between late April and early June. They departed from this site between late September and late October and arrived back at the breeding site between late November and early December (Jiménez et al., 2016Jiménez, J.E.; Jahn, A.E.; Rozzi, R. & Seavy, N.E. 2016. First Documented Migration of Individual White-Crested Elaenias (Elaenia albiceps chilensis) in South America. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology, 128(2): 419-425.). In Brazil, vocal records and collected specimens corroborate this pattern to the Amazon region (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MPEG). In northeastern Brazil, records include data from the literature and are from February to July (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; Ruiz-Esparza et al., 2011Ruiz-Esparza, J.; Rocha, P.A.; Ruiz-Esparza, D.P.B.; Ribeiro, A.D.S. & Ferrari, S.F. 2011. Migratory birds in the semi-arid Caatinga scrublands of northeastern Brazil: diversity and seasonal patterns. Ornitologia Neotropical, 22: 15-24.; MPEG). In southeastern and southern Brazil, records are centered in February and May (Pacheco & Gonzaga, 1994Pacheco, J.F. & Gonzaga, L.P. 1994. Tiranídeos do estado do Rio de Janeiro provenientes de regiões austrais da América do Sul. Notulas Faunisticas, 63: 1-4.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP).

Pseudocolopteryx acutipennis (MGT): occurs in central and eastern Andes from Colombia to northwestern Argentina and in lowlands in western Paraguay, in addition to occasional records for southeastern Peru, northeastern and eastern Bolivia and extreme southwestern Brazil (MT and MS) (Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.; Bostwick, 2016Bostwick, K. 2016. Subtropical Doradito (Pseudocolopteryx acutipennis). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/57193 . Access in: 17/10/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/57193...
). It breeds from December to April in the Bolivian highlands and populations from Bolivia, as well as those from Argentina, migrate along the Andes towards the Amazonian lowlands and the Paraguayan Chaco. It is recorded for the lowlands of Bolivia and Peru only as an austral winter visitor (Bostwick, 2016Bostwick, K. 2016. Subtropical Doradito (Pseudocolopteryx acutipennis). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/57193 . Access in: 17/10/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/57193...
). In Brazil, there are records for the coast of PR without precision of date, for a fluvial island in RO in June-July and for the Pantanal in MT and MS in May and September (Vasconcelos et al., 2008Vasconcelos, M.F.; Lopes, L.S.; Hoffmann, D.; Silveira, L.F. & Schunck, F. 2008. Noteworthy records of birds from the Pantanal, Chiquitano dry forest and Cerrado of south-western Brazil. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 128(1): 57-67.a). Although there is a lack of museum data, photographic records corroborate a migration during austral winter with records for the central-western region (MT, MS and GO) from May to September. There are two records for RS in December (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Pseudocolopteryx flaviventris (MGT): breeds in central Chile, northern and eastern Argentina, Uruguay and southern Brazil from September to March and, during the non-breeding season, it migrates to extreme northern Argentina, Bolivia and Brazil, reaching SP and Paraguay (Botswick, 2004a). In Brazil, records corroborate this migratory pattern by showing occurrences between April and September for RS, SC, PR and SP (Ridgely & Tudor, 1994Ridgely, R.S. & Tudor, G. 1994. The birds of South America, Vol. II: The suboscine passerines. Austin, University of Texas Press.; Scherer-Neto et al., 2011Scherer-Neto, P.; Straube, F.C.; Carrano, E. & Urben-Filho, A. 2011. Lista das aves do Paraná: edição comemorativa do “Centenário da Ornitologia do Paraná. Curitiba, Hori Consultoria Ambiental.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP 10947 [SP, 1922, June]). However, there is no recent evidence of breeding activity in Brazilian territory.

Serpophaga griseicapilla (MGT): breeds in northwestern Argentina and perhaps southern Bolivia. During its non-breeding season, it migrates to Paraguay, Uruguay and southern Brazil (Cueto et al., 2008Cueto, V.R.; Lopez de Casenave, J. & Marone, L. 2008. Neotropical austral migrant landbirds: population trends and habitat use in the central Monte desert, Argentina. Condor, 110(1): 70-79.; Fjeldså, 2013Fjeldså, J. 2013. Serpophaga griseicapilla. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. & Christie, D.A. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World: Special Volume - New Species and Global Index. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 216.). A winter visitor in extreme southern Brazil (Straneck, 1993Straneck, R.J. 1993. Aportes para la unificación de Serpophaga subcristata y Serpophaga munda, y la revalidación de Serpophaga griseiceps (Aves: Tyrannidae). Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales “Bernardino Rivadavia”, Zoología, 16: 51-63.), first documented in the country in RS in May of 2001 (Bencke et al., 2002Bencke, G.A.; Fontana, C.S. & Mendonça-Lima, A. 2002. Registro de dois novos passeriformes para o Brasil: Serpophaga griseiceps (Tyrannidae) e Asthenes pyrrholeuca (Furnariidae). Ararajuba, 10: 266-269.). Photographic records verify its presence in SC in September, and in RS centered in the period between May and September (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP 86172 [RS, 2009, August]), corroborating such a migratory pattern.

Attila phoenicurus (MGT): occurs in Paraguay, Argentina, Bolivia, Venezuela and Brazil. It breeds in southern and southeastern Brazil (from RS to southern RJ) and probably in northeastern Argentina and eastern Paraguay (Walther, 2016Walther, B. 2016. Rufous-tailed Attila (Attila phoenicurus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/57521 . Access in: 21/08/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/57521...
). Migrants are recorded from Paraguay, eastern Bolivia, and central Brazil to southern Venezuela during austral winter (Walther, 2016Walther, B. 2016. Rufous-tailed Attila (Attila phoenicurus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/57521 . Access in: 21/08/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/57521...
). In the Brazilian Amazon, it is recorded only during austral winter from May to October (Ridgely & Tudor, 1994Ridgely, R.S. & Tudor, G. 1994. The birds of South America, Vol. II: The suboscine passerines. Austin, University of Texas Press.; MZUSP; MPEG), as corroborated by photographic records, museum specimens and banding data, while records for the southeastern and southern regions are centered in the period between October and April (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.; SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP; MPEG).

Tyrannus tyrannus (MGT): breeds in North America and stays during boreal winter in South America as far as Argentina, especially in the Amazon, and there are some records for the Cerrado and the Atlantic Forest (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; Mobley, 2004fMobley, J. 2004f. Tyrannus tyrannus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 422.). It reaches the southwestern Amazon in late September, clearly associated to fruit availability (Antas, 1987Antas, P.T.Z. 1987. Migração de aves no Brasil. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 2º, 1986, Rio de Janeiro. Anais. Rio de Janeiro, Editora da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. p. 153-187.). It is seen arriving in great flocks in the Peruvian Amazon in mid-October (Fitzpatrick, 1980Fitzpatrick, J.W. 1980. Wintering of North American Tyrant Flycatchers in the Neotropics. In: Keast, A. & Norton, E.S. (Eds.). Migrant Birds in the Neotropics: ecology, behaviour, distribution and conservation. Washington, Smithsonian Institution Press. p. 67-78.). Its migration to the southern Amazon is fast, after which it migrates north heading to Central America (also following fruit availability), where it arrives in January/February, and migrates back to the North America (Antas, 1987Antas, P.T.Z. 1987. Migração de aves no Brasil. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 2º, 1986, Rio de Janeiro. Anais. Rio de Janeiro, Editora da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. p. 153-187.). According to geolocation data, the species departs from its breeding area in the Great Plains of North America in August or early September, migrates through the Caribbean Sea or through the Gulf of Mexico to the Amazon Basin (Bolivia and Brazil) - which is a distance of 6,400 km from its breeding area - and arrives there in October, where they remain for around 100 ± 11 days. After this period, it flies to a second wintering area in northwestern South America (Colombia, Ecuador and Peru), where it remains for 75 ± 12 days before returning to its breeding site in April (Jahn et al., 2013aJahn, A.E.; Cueto, V.R.; Fox, J.W.; Husak, M.S.; Kim, D.H.; Landoll, D.V.; Ledezma, J.P.; LePage, H.K.; Levey, D.J.; Murphy, M.T. & Renfrew, R.B. 2013a. Migration timing and wintering areas of three species of flycatchers (Tyrannus) breeding in the Great Plains of North America. Auk, 130: 247-257.). There are records for AM and AC between October and March (Almeida, 2011aAlmeida, R.A.M. 2011a. Corredor do Mindu. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Conservation International. p. 59-67., bAlmeida, R.A.M. 2011b. Remanso do Boto. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Conservation International. p. 68-73.; Guilherme & Aleixo, 2011Guilherme, E. & Aleixo, A. 2011. Estação Ecológica do Rio Acre. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 104-106.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MPEG), for AC, AM, MT, MS and RJ between November and February, and for RR in October and PR in November (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP; MPEG). Museum records for PA are widely distributed from April to December (MPEG) and need to be better understood.

Empidonax alnorum (MGT): breeds from western Alaska to British Columbia, Canada and the USA and overwinters in western South America in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, northern and eastern Bolivia, northern Argentina and western Brazil (Farnsworth & Lebbin, 2004aFarnsworth, A. & Lebbin, D.J. 2004a. Empidonax alnorum. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 360.). In Brazilian territory there are records for PA in February, AM in December and April, the Pantanal in MS in November (Vasconcelos et al., 2008Vasconcelos, M.F.; Lopes, L.S.; Hoffmann, D.; Silveira, L.F. & Schunck, F. 2008. Noteworthy records of birds from the Pantanal, Chiquitano dry forest and Cerrado of south-western Brazil. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 128(1): 57-67.; MPEG) and AC from October to March (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MPEG).

Contopus cooperi (MGT): occurs from Alaska, across Canada, the USA and Mexico to the Amazonian region in Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil including its southeastern region (Farnsworth & Lebbin, 2004bFarnsworth, A. & Lebbin, D.J. 2004b. Contopus cooperi. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 367.). It is a nocturnal migrant that flies great distances through the forests in western North and Central America and overwinters (boreal) in South and Central America. It departs from its breeding site in North America between August and September, reaches South America in October-November, and departs again in March-April (Altman & Sallabanks, 2000Altman, B. & Sallabanks, R. 2000. Olive-sided Flycatcher (Contopus cooperi). In: Poole, A. & Gill, F. (Eds.). The Birds of North America. Available at: Available at: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/502 . Access in: 25/04/2011.
http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species...
; Farnsworth & Lebbin, 2004fFarnsworth, A. & Lebbin, D. 2004f. Pyrocephalus rubinus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 374.). In Brazil, there are records of a population from October to April for western Amazonia (in RR, AC, AM, PA and MT), and of another for the Atlantic Forest south of the São Francisco River in BA, ES, RJ, SP and PR (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Contopus virens (MGT): breeds in Canada and the USA in August and September, overwinters in Colombia, Venezuela, Bolivia and western Brazil, occasionally remaining further north (Costa Rica), and returns in April (Farnsworth & Lebbin, 2004cFarnsworth, A. & Lebbin, D.J. 2004c. Contopus virens. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 369.). It remains during winter in Brazil (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.) and there are photographic records for AC, AM, RO, MT and GO between October and May (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), which corroborates available literature records for AM from November to April (Almeida, 2011aAlmeida, R.A.M. 2011a. Corredor do Mindu. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Conservation International. p. 59-67., bAlmeida, R.A.M. 2011b. Remanso do Boto. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Conservation International. p. 68-73.; Costa et al., 2011) and museum data from November to March for AC, AM, RO (MPEG).

Lessonia rufa (MGT): breeds in central Chile and Argentina and migrates north, dispersing along the coast and then into the lowlands of the continent. It overwinters in northern Chile, southern and eastern Bolivia, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay and Brazil (Farnsworth & Lebbin, 2004dFarnsworth, A. & Lebbin, D.J. 2004d. Lessonia rufa. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotingas to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 375.), and there are records for SP (Silva-e-Silva & Olmos, 2007Silva-e-Silva, R. & Olmos, F. 2007. Adendas e registros significativos para a avifauna dos manguezais de Santos e Cubatão, SP. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 15(4): 551-560.), PR (Bornschein et al., 1997Bornschein, M.R.; Reinert, B.L. & Pichorim, M. 1997. Notas sobre algumas aves novas ou pouco conhecidas no sul do Brasil. Ararajuba, 5(1): 53-59.), SC (Azevedo & Ghizoni-Jr., 2005Azevedo, M.A.G. & Ghizoni-Jr., I.R. 2005. Novos registros de aves para o Estado de Santa Catarina, sul do Brasil. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 126: 9-12.) and RS (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.; Bencke, 2001Bencke, G.A. 2001. Lista de referência das aves do Rio Grande do Sul. Porto Alegre, Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul.). According to photographic records, it is present in RS from January to September, in SC in February and in SP in September (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). Museum records are restricted in July (MZUSP).

Xolmis coronatus (MGT): breeds in central Argentina and migrates north to central Bolivia, western Paraguay, Uruguay and extreme southern Brazil (western RS) (Farnsworth & Langham, 2004aFarnsworth, A. & Langham, G.M. 2004a. Xolmis coronatus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotingas to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 393.; Cueto et al., 2008Cueto, V.R.; Lopez de Casenave, J. & Marone, L. 2008. Neotropical austral migrant landbirds: population trends and habitat use in the central Monte desert, Argentina. Condor, 110(1): 70-79.). Some breeding populations migrate to winter in tropical latitudes, while others overwinter in south temperate latitudes (Jahn et al., 2004Jahn, A.E.; Levey, D.J. & Smith, K.G. 2004. Reflections across hemispheres: a system-wide approach to new world bird migration. Auk, 121(4): 1005-1013.). It seems to be present in RS from May to August (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.), which is confirmed by photographic records for this state between April and September, and there is also a record of a possible vagrant for SP in May (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). There is only one museum record in RS in July (MZUSP 8829).

Vireonidae

Vireo olivaceus (MGT): breeds in North America, from where it flies to join Vireo chivi in Brazil during boreal winter (Sick, 1983Sick, H. 1983. Migrações de aves na América do Sul Continental (tradução: Walter A. Voss). Brasília, Cemave - Instituto Brasileiro de Desenvolvimento Florestal. (Publicação Técnica nº 2).). Geolocation data suggests that ten individuals from one breeding population that had been captured in northwestern Pennsylvania, USA, wintered in northwestern South America. Most of them used only one wintering site, but two individuals used one wintering site from late October to early December before reaching their final wintering site, where they remained for four months. During spring migration, individuals migrated through Central America through the Yucatán Peninsula and crossed the Gulf of Mexico, landing near the delta of the Mississippi River in Louisiana. Fall flyways could not be properly mapped. The dates in which individuals reached the wintering area varied from October 14th to November 4th, and the departure dates from South America in spring in late March were correlated with the arrival dates to the wintering site (Callo et al., 2013Callo, P.A.; Morton, E.S. & Stutchbury, B.J.M. 2013. Prolonged spring migration in the Red-eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus). Auk, 130(2): 240-246.). The lack of specimens in the Brazilian Amazon when compared to eastern Peru suggests that most of the population overwinters in the foothills of the Andes and only a small number does so to the east in the Amazon (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.). However, this species is present in the Amazonian region in Brazil from September to March (Almeida, 2011aAlmeida, R.A.M. 2011a. Corredor do Mindu. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Conservation International. p. 59-67., bAlmeida, R.A.M. 2011b. Remanso do Boto. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Conservation International. p. 68-73.; Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.), as suggested by photographic and museum records for RR, AM, RO, PA and MT between August and April (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP; MPEG). Also, there are two specimens collected in AM in July (MZUSP).

Vireo altiloquus (MGT): breeds in Florida, Bahamas, Cuba and Cayman Islands and migrates to the Amazon Basin (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; Brewer & Orenstein, 2010Brewer, D. & Orenstein, R.I. 2010. Species accounts of Family Vireonidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 15: Weavers to New World Warblers. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 378-439.). Records in Brazil are mainly to the north of the Basin and are from September to February (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.). Only small numbers occur south of the Amazon River, and the southermost record is for Sinop/MT in March (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). Photographic records and collected specimens for AM and PA are from September to March (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MPEG), which confirms the pattern suggested in the literature.

Hirundinidae

Pygochelidon melanoleuca (MGT): occurs in extreme eastern Colombia, southern and eastern Venezuela, Guianas, Amazon and southern Brazil, and there are occasional records for southeastern BA, upper Paraná River, southern GO and for the border between Brazil and Argentina in Iguazu Falls (Turner, 2016aTurner, A. 2016a. Black-collared Swallow (Atticora melanoleuca). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/57724 . Access in: 29/01/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/57724...
). It associates with rivers that have falls and rapids (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). In RO, forms large flocks, breeds from June to October, uses emerged stony grounds on river channels and vanishes when rainfall starts in mid-November (M. Somenzari, pers. obs.). Records for the Amazonian region in RR, AP, AM, PA, RO, MT and TO are centered in the period between April and November, but there are also records for GO and for MG in almost all months of the year (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Progne subis (MGT): breeds in Canada and the USA and overwinters in South America, mainly in Bolivia and Brazil (Turner, 2004Turner, A.K. 2004. Family Hirundinidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 602-685.). It migrates south across Central America, gathers in great numbers in the Manaus region/AM, and then flies especially to SP and MT (Antas, 1987Antas, P.T.Z. 1987. Migração de aves no Brasil. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 2º, 1986, Rio de Janeiro. Anais. Rio de Janeiro, Editora da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. p. 153-187.; Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). Recorded once in large flocks in interior SP but last seen in 1993 (Willis & Oniki, 1982Willis, E.O. & Oniki, Y. 1982. Birds of a Central São Paulo woodlot: 1. Censuses 1982-2000. Brazilian Journal of Biology, 62(2): 197-210.). Geolocation data showed breeding in northern Pennsylvania, and that migration south started in late August in a non-stop flight to the Yucatán Peninsula, where individuals remained for 3 to 4 weeks before flying to overwinter in the Amazonian region (October to April). Another tracked individual flew even more during winter and reached the Pantanal region (according to a description in Antas et al., 1987Antas, P.T.Z. & Valle, M.P. 1987. Dados preliminares sobre Turdus nigriceps no Distrito Federal. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 2º. Anais. Rio de Janeiro, Editora UFRJ, 1986. 213p.. They departed from the wintering site in the first two weeks of April (Stutchbury et al., 2009Stutchbury, B.J.M.; Tarof, S.A.; Done, T.; Gow, E.; Kramer, P.M.; Tautin, J.; Fox, J.W. & Afanasyev, V. 2009. Tracking long-distance songbird migration by using geolocators. Science, 323(5916): 896.). Individuals banded in the USA and Canada in June and July were mostly recovered in the Brazilian Amazon, especially in AM between October and April (Mestre et al., 2010Mestre, L.A.M.; Roos, A.L. & Nunes, M.F. 2010. Análise das recuperações no Brasil de aves anilhadas no exterior entre 1927 e 2006. Ornithologia, 4(1): 15-35.). Large gatherings of the species were recorded for TO, reaching as many as 40,000 individuals (Olmos & Pacheco, 2008Olmos, F. & Pacheco, J.F. 2008. Large Puple Martin Progne subis Roosts in the Araguaia Valley, Central Brazil. Cotinga, 29: 117.), especially in the regions of the Cantão State Park and in the city of Caseara between November and December in consecutive years (Pinheiro & Dornas, 2009Pinheiro, R.T. & Dornas, T. 2009. Distribuição e conservação das aves na região do Cantão, Tocantins: ecótono Amazônia/Cerrado. Biota Neotropica, 9(1): 187-205.), as well as in RO in October and from February to April, according to photographic records (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). In most Brazilian states (except for SC and RS), it can be observed between August and May (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) and in BA it arrives in mid-October and departs in March (P.C. Lima, pers. obs.).

Progne elegans (MGT): breeds from October to February-March in southern Bolivia and Argentina. After the breeding season, it forms great flocks and migrates to western Amazonia, including southeastern Colombia, northeastern Peru, and western Brazil, where it spends all winter from April to October, and it can even reach as far as eastern Panama. There are also incidental records for the USA (southern Florida) and the Malvinas/Falklands (Turner, 2016cTurner, A. 2016c. Southern Martin (Progne elegans). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/57716 . Access in: 19/10/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/57716...
). In Brazil, it has been photographed in AM between June and October, in AC in March and June, in AP in July and in RO in October (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). There is just one collected specimen from AM in April (MPEG 54096 [AM, 1997, April]).

Tachycineta leucopyga (MGT): breeds from central Chile and southwestern Argentina to Tierra del Fuego and migrates north during austral winter to central Bolivia, Paraguay and southern Brazil, which presents records for RS (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.; Turner, 2004Turner, A.K. 2004. Family Hirundinidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 602-685.), SC, PR, SP and RJ, that are centered in the period between April and October (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP 98240 [SP, 1968, July).

Riparia riparia (MGT): breeds in high latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere and migrates to lower latitudes and to the Southern Hemisphere in boreal winter. The subspecies R. r. riparia breeds in North America (from central and western Alaska to southern central and northeastern Mexico), in Eurasia, and locally in northwestern Africa. During boreal winter, it flies to South America and Africa (Turner, 2004Turner, A.K. 2004. Family Hirundinidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 602-685.). The species occurs in almost all of Brazil (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.) and records are centered in the period between September and April (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.; Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; Nunes & Tomas, 2008Nunes, A.P. & Tomas, W.M. 2008. Aves migratórias e nômades ocorrentes no Pantanal. EMBRAPA Pantanal.; Cintra, 2011Cintra, R. 2011. Pantanal de Poconé. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 193-198.; Costa et al., 2011Costa, T.V.V.; Andretti, C.B.; Fernandes, A.M.; Vargas, C.F.; Bechtoldt, C.L.; Deslandes, V. & Cohn-Haft, M. 2011. Estação Ecológica Juami-Japurá. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 33-36.; Dias, 2011Dias, R.A. 2011. Litoral Sul do Rio Grande do Sul. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 352-357.; Dias et al., 2011Dias, R.A.; Gianuca, D.; Gianuca, A.T.; Júnior, A.G.; Chiaffitelli, R. & Ferreira, W.L.S. 2011. Estuário da Lagoa dos Patos. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa., Conservação Internacional. p. 335-341.; Ferreira et al., 2011Ferreira, W.L.S.; Gomes-Júnior, A. & Chiaffitelli, R. 2011. Lagoinha da Barra. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 347-351.; Melo et al., 2011Melo, A.V.; Cintra, R.; Santos, P.M.R.S. & Tibúrcio, J.E.P. 2011. Reserva de Desenvolvimento Sustentável Mamirauá. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 37-41.; Vasconcelos et al., 2011Vasconcelos, M.F.; Rodrigues, M. & Silva, J.M.C. 2011. Setor Mineiro do Vale do São Francisco. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 222-226.; Accordi & Hartz, 2013Accordi, I.A. & Hartz, S.M. 2013. Aves em um mosaico de ambientes costeiros no sul do Brasil. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 172: 49-59.; Silva et al., 2013Silva, J.N.; Novaes, T.D. & Flores, F.M. 2013. Primeiro registro documentado de Riparia riparia (Aves: Hirundinidae) no município de Santa Teresa região serrana do estado do Espírito Santo, sudeste do Brasil. Boletim do Museu de Biologia Mello Leitão (Nova Série), 31: 77-81.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). Collected specimen data corroborates this period but are restrited to AM and PA (MPEG).

Hirundo rustica (MGT): breeds in medium and high latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere and migrates during boreal winter to lower latitudes and to the Southern Hemisphere (Turner, 2004Turner, A.K. 2004. Family Hirundinidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 602-685.). The subspecies H. r. erythrogaster flies from North America to Tierra del Fuego and occurs in large flocks in virtually all of Brazil from September to March (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.; Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). Although it breeds mainly in the Northern Hemisphere, part of its population has settled in eastern Argentina since the early 1980’s (Azpiroz et al., 2012Azpiroz, A.B.; Isacch, J.P.; Dias, R.A.; Di Giacomo, A.S.; Fontana, C.S. & Palarea, C.M. 2012. Ecology and conservation of grassland birds in southeastern South America: a review. Journal of Field Ornithology, 83(3): 217-246.). The number of pairs has since risen and today there are two different breeding populations: one in North America and another more recent one in South America. Genetic testing of the South American population suggested that there is still a significant genetic flow with the North American population (Billerman et al., 2011Billerman, S.M.; Huber, G.H.; Winkler, D.V.; Safran, R.J. & Lovette, I.J. 2011. Population genetics of a recent transcontinental colonization of South America by breeding Bran Swallows (Hirundo rustica). Auk, 28(3): 506-513.). The South American population is supposed to molt during austral winter (June, July and August) in northeastern South America (specifically in northern Brazil, French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana and Venezuela), which are areas that become available as soon as swallows from North America migrate to their breeding areas in the Northern Hemisphere (Garcia-Perez et al., 2013Garcia-Perez, B.; Hobson, K.A.; Powell, R.L.; Still, C.J. & Huber, G.H. 2013. Switching hemispheres: a new migration strategy for the disjunct argentinean breeding population of Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica). Plos One, 8(1): e55654.). A recent geolocator study from nine birds has confirmed that the South American population migration goes no further than northern South America in austral winter (Winkler et al., 2017Winkler, D.W.; Gandoy, F.A.; Areta, J.I.; Iliff, M.J.; Rakhimberdiev, E.; Kardynal, K.J. & Hobson, K.A. 2017. Long-Distance Range Expansion and Rapid Adjustment of Migration in a Newly Established Population of Barn Swallows Breeding in Argentina Current Biology, 27: 1080-1084.). Recent data corroborates that the species occurs in almost all of Brazil but are centered in the period between September and April (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MPEG). The records of AM are distributed thoughout the year (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), probably due to population overlap. It is important to mention that the differentiation within the populations is complicated owing to the occurrence of migratory individuals from both populations.

Turdidae

Catharus fuscescens (MGT): breeds in the USA and Canada and migrates in late August and early September to South America, where it overwinters between September and April. Literature and geolocation data suggest that many individuals depart from southeastern USA in the fall and fly over 1,500 km across the Caribbean Sea to northern South America, where they restore their energy reserves in coastal stopover grounds. Between the Caribbean coast and wintering grounds located 3,000 km to the south, there are many areas with suitable habitat in the Amazon Basin. They probably stop for multiple days during this route and can do so as many as two times (Bayly et al., 2012Bayly, N.J.; Gómez, C.; Hobson, K.A.; González, A.M. & Rosemberg, K.V. 2012. Fall migration of the Veery (Catharus fuscescens) in Northern Colombia: determining the energetic importance of a stopover site. Auk, 129(3): 449-459.). This species’ wintering grounds include the Amazon, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest from the Southeast region of Brazil (Collar, 2005Collar, N. 2005. Family Turdidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 10: Cuckoo-shrikes to Thrushes. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 514-807.; Heckscher et al., 2011Heckscher, C.M.; Taylor, S.M.; Fox, J.W. & Afanasyev, V. 2011. Veery (Catharus fuscescens) wintering locations, migratory connectivity, and a revision of its winter range using geolocator technology. Auk, 128(3): 531-542.), but the south-central and southeastern regions of Brazil (Cerrado areas) were identified as its main wintering areas (Remsen Jr., 2001Remsen Jr., J.V. 2001. True winter range of the veery (Catharus fuscescens): lessons for determining winter ranges of species that winter in the tropics. Auk, 118(4): 838-848.). Photographic and museum records confirm its presence in Brazil between October and April (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP; MPEG). The return north from the wintering grounds is probably through the eastern Amazon Basin (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.). The highly seasonal occurrence pattern in RO (September to November) and afterwards in Manaus/AM (February to April) suggests that the species moves regularly in the Amazon. Recent geolocation data suggests that the species settles in non-breeding areas in South America - most of them west of the Central Brazil Shield - and then migrates to a second region in lowland Amazonia and on the Guiana Shield before returning north, probably induced by flood cycles in the southern Amazon Basin. Thus, this species has two wintering sites in the Amazon, perhaps following the local increase on food abundance associated with river levels in the Amazon Basin (Heckscher et al., 2011Heckscher, C.M.; Taylor, S.M.; Fox, J.W. & Afanasyev, V. 2011. Veery (Catharus fuscescens) wintering locations, migratory connectivity, and a revision of its winter range using geolocator technology. Auk, 128(3): 531-542.).

Catharus minimus (MGT): departs from breeding areas (Siberia, Alaska and Canada) in mid-August and reaches northern South America in September-October, where it overwinters. The return migration starts in April-May and this species reaches its breeding areas in late May/early June. Its migration flights cover an average of 300 km and individuals rest for one or more nights in between flights (Collar & Christie, 2013Collar, N. & Christie, D.A. 2013. Grey-cheeked Thrush (Catharus minimus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/58373 . Access in: 02/05/2015.
www.hbw.com/node/58373...
). It is a rare migrant in Manaus/AM with a similar number of records during the period between October and December and March-April, but it seems that it does not winter in the Manaus region, and its wintering grounds are practically unknown (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.). Museum records are from AC in November, AM in February and March (MPEG) and PA in November and December (Silva, 2011bSilva, J.M.C. 2011b. Belém. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 82-84.; Valente, 2011Valente, R.M. 2011. Arquipélago do Marajó. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 78-81.; MPEG).

Catharus swainsoni (MGT): breeds in North America and overwinters southwards as far as Argentina and northwestern Brazil (Collar, 2005Collar, N. 2005. Family Turdidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 10: Cuckoo-shrikes to Thrushes. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 514-807.) between November and March, where there are records for AM in November, February and March (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.), MT in December (MZUSP 89116), and for AC in the period of October to March (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MPEG). There are also records for the southeastern and southern regions of Brazil, namely for RJ in November (Scott & Brooke, 1985Scott, D.A. & Brooke, M. de L. 1985. The endangered avifauna of southeastern Brazil: a report on the BOU/WWF expeditions of 1980/81 and 1981/82. In: Diamond, A.W. & Lovejoy, T.E. (Eds.). Conservation of tropical forest. Cambridge, International Council for Bird Preservation. p. 115-139.), SP in February (MZUSP 64231), SC in January and June, and RS in January, as well as records without dates for RO (Olmos et al., 2011Olmos, F.; Silveira, L.F. & Benedicto, G.A. 2011. A Contribution to the Ornithology of Rondônia, Southwest of the Brazilian Amazon. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 19(2): 200-229.).

Turdus flavipes (MGT): occurs in Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad, Tobago, Guyana, Paraguay, Argentina and Brazil (Collar et al., 2016Collar, N.; de Juana, E. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016. Yellow-legged Thrush (Turdus flavipes). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/58307 . Access in: 22/07/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/58307...
). It migrates altitudinally occupying higher regions during spring and summer and foothills during winter (Antas, 1987Antas, P.T.Z. 1987. Migração de aves no Brasil. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 2º, 1986, Rio de Janeiro. Anais. Rio de Janeiro, Editora da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. p. 153-187.; Joseph, 1996Joseph, L. 1996. Preliminary climatic overview of migration patterns in South American austral migrant passerines. Ecotropica, 2(2): 185-193.; Alves, 2007Alves, M.A.S. 2007. Sistemas de migrações de aves em ambientes terrestres no Brasil: exemplos, lacunas e propostas para o avanço do conhecimento. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 15: 231-238.). Populations from the mountains of RJ and ES fly to lower elevations in the austral winter, enlarging their coastal populations (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). In Intervales State Park in southeastern SP, there are records for a lowland region of the Atlantic Forest (70-350 m) only during winter between May and August (Aleixo & Galetti, 1997Aleixo, A. & Galetti, M. 1997. The conservation of the avifauna in a lowland Atlantic forest in south-east Brazil. Bird Conservation International, 7: 235-261.), but in northeastern SP there is a record of a nesting event at 60 m asl in October (Oliveira Jr. et al., 2014Oliveira Jr., P.R.; Neto, M.N.; Christianini, A.V. & Francisco, M.R. 2014. On the nest, eggs, and hatchlings of the Yellow-legged Thrush Turdus flavipes flavipes in Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22: 4.). At Ilha da Queimada Grande, it is one of the most abundant species during austral winter (Marques et al., 2012Marques, O.A.V.; Martins, M.; Develey, P.F.; Macarrão, A. & Sazima, I. 2012. The golden lancehead Bothrops insularis (Serpentes: Viperidae) relies on two seasonally plentiful bird species visiting its island habitat. Journal of Natural History, 46(13-14): 885-895.), as well as at Ilha do Cardoso, where it is stated as a partial migrant recorded mainly between April and October (Castro et al., 2012Castro, E.R.; Côrtes, M.C.; Navarro, L.; Galetti, M. & Morellato, P.C. 2012. Temporal variation in the abundance of two species of thrushes in relation to fruiting phenology in the Atlantic rainforest. Emu, 112(2): 137-148. DOI). Photographic records suggest this species’ presence throughout the year in ES, RJ, SP, PR and SC, but it is restricted to the period between September and April in RS (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), where it breeds (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.; Maurício et al., 2013Maurício, G.N.; Bencke, G.A.; Repenning, M.; Borges-Machado, D.; Dias, R.A. & Bugoni, L. 2013. Review of the breeding status of birds in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 103(2): 163-184.). In BA, it also seems to be present all year round, though there are no records in March, May and June. Records of breeding activity are centered in the period between September and January, and they are from elevations both higher and lower than 600 m in WikiAves (at 2 and 741 m in SP and at 10 and 906 m in PR). SNA data suggests that this species is present in SP all year round, both at an elevation of 3 and 750 m (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
), which does not fully either support or refute the hypothesis of altitudinal migration. However, it is widely accepted that the species migrates altitudinally in the Serra do Mar, therefore a project aiming specifically to elucidate its migratory pattern is being conducted (A.C. Guaraldo, pers. obs.).

Mimidae

Mimus triurus (MGT): breeds in Bolivia, Paraguay and Argentina, and occurs in southern and southwestern Brazil in the non-breeding season (Cody, 2005Cody, M.L. 2005. Family Mimidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 10: Cuckoo-shrikes to Thrushes. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 448-495.). Photographic records confirm its occurrence in Brazil between March and November in MT, MS, RJ, SP, PR, SC and RS, without any evidence of breeding activity (Pinto, 1944Pinto, O.M.O. 1944. Catálogo das Aves do Brasil. Parte 2: Passeriformes. São Paulo, Publicação do Departamento de Zoologia, Secretaria de Agricultura, Indústria e Comércio.; Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.; Bornschein et al., 1997Bornschein, M.R.; Reinert, B.L. & Pichorim, M. 1997. Notas sobre algumas aves novas ou pouco conhecidas no sul do Brasil. Ararajuba, 5(1): 53-59.; Bencke, 2001Bencke, G.A. 2001. Lista de referência das aves do Rio Grande do Sul. Porto Alegre, Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul.; Lima & Aulicino, 2008Lima, B.A. & Aulicino, C.A. 2008. Registro documentado de Mimus triurus (Mimidae) para o Estado de São Paulo. Atualidades Ornitológicas On-line, 141: 103-104.; Maciel & Gaertner, 2014Maciel, E. & Gaertner, A. 2014. Primeiro registro documentado da calhandra-de-três-rabos, Mimus triurus (Passerida: Mimidae) para o estado do Rio de Janeiro. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 181: 23.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Parulidae

Setophaga ruticilla (MGT): breeds in Alaska, Canada and eastern USA and migrates to Central America, Caribbean and northwestern South America, as well as to southern USA in small numbers (Curson, 2016aCurson, J. 2016a. American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/61497 . Access in: 19/10/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/61497...
). In Brazil, it occurs only in the Amazon: in RR with records between September and April (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.; Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), and in AM with records in January (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), April and November (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.) and October (MPEG 43351). This species departs from breeding areas in North America between July and September and reaches South America in October, returning from late March on and arriving at the breeding site in April-May (Curson, 2016aCurson, J. 2016a. American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/61497 . Access in: 19/10/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/61497...
). It seems to exhibit higher fidelity to wintering areas in the Neotropics than to breeding areas in the North Temperate Zone, probably because individuals remain in the wintering area during their first year of life (Holmes & Sherry, 1992Holmes, R.T. & Sherry, T.W. 1992. Site fidelity of migratory warblers in temperate breeding and Neotropical wintering areas: implications for population dynamics, habitat selection, and conservation. In: Hagan III, J.M. & Johnston, D.W. (Eds.). Ecology and conservation of Neotropical migrant landbirds. Washington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution Press. p. 563-575.). Populations from the west of the wintering area originate from the northwest of the breeding areas and populations from the east of the wintering area originate from the east and south of the breeding areas. In general, this species reduces its migration distance by flying mainly along a north-south axis between its breeding and wintering sites (Norris et al., 2006Norris, D.R.; Marra, P.P.; Bowen, G.J.; Ratcliffe, L.M.; Royle, J.A. & Kyser, T.K. 2006. Migratory connectivity of a widely distributed songbird, the American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla). In: Boulet, M. & Norris, D.R. (Eds.). Patterns of Migratory Connectivity in Two Nearctic-Neotropical Songbirds: New Insights from Intrinsic Markers. Ornithological Monographs, 61: 14-28.).

Setophaga petechia (MGT): occurs from Canada and the USA to northern South America in Colombia, Venezuela and northwestern Brazil. Individuals overwinter from western and southern Mexico to the south through Central America and in northern South America from southern to northern Bolivia and in the Brazilian Amazon (Curson, 2010Curson, J. 2010. Family Parulidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 15: Weavers to New World Warblers. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 666-802.). In Brazil, records are restricted to the period of September to May in the Amazon region in the states of RR, AP, AM, PA (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MPEG).

Setophaga striata (MGT): originates from North America overwinters regularly in Amazonian lowlands, and its main wintering site in South America is in the Orinoco and Upper Amazon (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). This species arrives in Brazil between September and October (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.) and visits forest edges and conserved forests in Manaus/AM. In Brazilian amazon records are centered in the period between November and April (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.). In southeastern Brazil, it occurs only occasionally (Curson, 2010Curson, J. 2010. Family Parulidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 15: Weavers to New World Warblers. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 666-802.), with records for RJ from January to May (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). Photographic and museum records confirm the pattern found in the literature: the species is present in RR, AP, AM and PA between October and May, in BA in January, in Distrito Federal (DF) in April, in MG in May, in RJ in February and March, and in SP in March (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP 103227 [SP; 1969, March]; MPEG), which defines it as a boreal winter migrant.

Icteridae

Dolichonyx oryzivorus (MGT): breeds in North America from May to July and flies non-stop in August through the sea of the Antilles and the coast of Venezuela. In Florida these birds converge into large flocks until they reach their wintering areas in eastern Bolivia, southern central Brazil, Paraguay and northern Argentina, covering 20,000 km in this round trip. Its main wintering site is the Pampas from southeastern South America (Di Giácomo & Krapovickas, 2005Di Giácomo, A.S. & Krapovickas, S. 2005. Conserving the grassland Important Bird Areas (IBAs) of southern South America: Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Brazil. USDA Forest Service General Technical Reports, 1243-1249.; Azpiroz et al., 2012Azpiroz, A.B.; Isacch, J.P.; Dias, R.A.; Di Giacomo, A.S.; Fontana, C.S. & Palarea, C.M. 2012. Ecology and conservation of grassland birds in southeastern South America: a review. Journal of Field Ornithology, 83(3): 217-246.). This species reaches the Pantanal in MT in Brazil in November, and then northeastern Bolivia, Paraguay and the Pampas in Argentina, after crossing the entire Amazonian region (Sick, 1983Sick, H. 1983. Migrações de aves na América do Sul Continental (tradução: Walter A. Voss). Brasília, Cemave - Instituto Brasileiro de Desenvolvimento Florestal. (Publicação Técnica nº 2)., 1997; Fraga & Christie, 2016Fraga, R. & Christie, D.A. 2016. Bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/62323 . Access in: 12/06/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/62323...
). Three individuals were recorded for Cachoeira de Nazaré/RO in November while flying across the Amazon (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.). Geolocation data from 15 individuals captured in three different breeding areas in the USA suggested that fall migration occurs through the Caribbean with a stopover in northern Venezuela, and another in Bolivia in November. 12 individuals flew to a region in Argentina between December and March, where they molted completely before the spring return migration (Renfrew et al., 2013Renfrew, R.B.; Kim, D.; Perlut, N.; Smith, J.; Fox, J. & Marra, P.P. 2013. Phenological matching across hemispheres in a long-distance migratory bird. Diversity and Distributions, 19(8): 1008-1019.). Records for RS were made in December (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.) and sound records for MT in November, while photographic records for MS were between November and March. For SP there is only one record in January (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). Museum records are restricted to AM in April (MPEG).

Thraupidae

Sporophila beltoni (MGT): endemic to Brazil. Occurs in the Cerrado from BA (bordering GO) to RS (Repenning & Fontana, 2013Repenning, M. & Fontana, C.S. 2013. A new species of gray seedeater (Emberizidae: Sporophila) from upland grasslands of Southern Brazil. Auk, 130(4): 791-803.). Sexually active individuals start to arrive at the breeding site (from northeastern PR to northeastern RS) in mid-October and depart in late January, disappearing completely in the first week of March. There is evidence suggesting that individuals of this population arrive with others from the same genus in southern MG and surrounding states, which are possibly wintering sites. The center of the state of SP seems to be a passing or resting area during migration (Repenning & Fontana, 2013Repenning, M. & Fontana, C.S. 2013. A new species of gray seedeater (Emberizidae: Sporophila) from upland grasslands of Southern Brazil. Auk, 130(4): 791-803.). Photographic records confirm this pattern and present the first record of this species for BA (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Sporophila palustris (MGT): breeds in northeastern Argentina, extreme southern Brazil, Uruguay and possibly southeastern Paraguay during austral spring and summer. It migrates to the Central-West and Southeast regions of Brazil and eastern Paraguay (Jaramillo, 2011cJaramillo, A. 2011c. Sporophila palustris. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 659.; Rising, 2011Rising, J.D. 2011. Family Emberizidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 428-683.). It has been recorded in flocks with other species from the same genus from the Amazon and Central Brazil (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.), and has been observed in flocks of more than 1,000 individuals foraging in pastures in the Araguaia River basin in southeastern PA in mid-September 2009, 2010 and 2013 (Cavarzere et al., 2015Cavarzere, V.; Del-Rio, G.C.; Schunck, F.; Piacentini, V.Q.; Rêgo, M.A.; Somenzari, M.; Silveira, L.F. 2015. Wintering Sporophila seedeaters in an Amazonian-Cerrado ecotone in central Brazil. Cotinga, 37: 57-58.). Photographic records are scarce and distributed between PA, MT, TO, MS, GO, MG, SP and RS, as well as DF, between September and April (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). The northern limit of its wintering site is in Bico do Papagaio/northern TO (Dornas et al., 2013Dornas, T.; Pacheco, J.F. & Olmos, F. 2013. Ocorrência de caboclinhos austrais (Emberizidae, Sporophila sp.) no Cerrado Norte, Brasil: extensão da distribuição geográfica e implicações para conservação. Atualidades Ornitológicas On-line, 176: 58-63.) and the breeding population from Brazil is restricted to RS. It is definitely a migratory species, but details of its movements are not fully known.

Sporophila hypochroma (MGT): occurs in northeastern and eastern Bolivia, in the North, Central-West and South regions of Brazil, central Paraguay and northeastern Argentina (Rising, 2011Rising, J.D. 2011. Family Emberizidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 428-683.). Its wintering area reaches the central eastern portion of Bolivia and northern and central Brazil (Ridgely & Tudor, 2009Ridgely, R.S. & Tudor, G. 2009. Field Guide to the Songbirds of South America. The Passerines. Austin, University of Texas Press.). In Brazil, recent records for RS are distributed between October and February, and for MT and MS between June and November (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). For GO, it was recorded for the Emas National Park in October (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). For the North region of the country, it was recorded for tributaries of the Mamoré River in RO in June (Whittaker, 2004Whittaker, A. 2004. Noteworthy ornithological records from Rondônia, Brazil, including a first country record, comments on austral migration, life history, taxonomy and distribution, with relevant data from neighbouring states, and a first record for Bolivia. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 124(4): 239-271.), and for TO, in the municipalities of Filadélfia (inside the boundaries of the Fossil Trees Natural Monument) and Dueré (Dornas et al., 2013Dornas, T.; Pacheco, J.F. & Olmos, F. 2013. Ocorrência de caboclinhos austrais (Emberizidae, Sporophila sp.) no Cerrado Norte, Brasil: extensão da distribuição geográfica e implicações para conservação. Atualidades Ornitológicas On-line, 176: 58-63.) in July and October respectively.

Sporophila cinnamomea (MGT): breeds during spring and austral summer in the Pampas in southeastern South America (Azpiroz et al., 2012Azpiroz, A.B.; Isacch, J.P.; Dias, R.A.; Di Giacomo, A.S.; Fontana, C.S. & Palarea, C.M. 2012. Ecology and conservation of grassland birds in southeastern South America: a review. Journal of Field Ornithology, 83(3): 217-246.), which includes RS (Maurício et al., 2013Maurício, G.N.; Bencke, G.A.; Repenning, M.; Borges-Machado, D.; Dias, R.A. & Bugoni, L. 2013. Review of the breeding status of birds in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 103(2): 163-184.), and flies north right after that period (Jaramillo, 2011dJaramillo, A. 2011d. Sporophila cinnamomea. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 660-661.). It has been recorded for Paraguay, Argentina and Uruguay in August and from October/November to May. Monospecific gatherings of tens of individuals were observed in late February before the migration. This species is rare in PR, especially during spring and summer, and it is likely that only localized records occur during its migration, as well as in MT and central SP, where it flies through Dourados and Itirapina heading south during spring. In the region of the Triângulo Mineiro, this species has been observed in mid-September with other seedeaters that also migrate south, such as S. palustris, S. melanogaster, S. hypoxantha and S. pileata (Krügel et al., 2013Krügel, M.M.; Dias, R.A.; Bencke, G.A. & Repenning, M. 2013. Sporophila cinnamomea. In: Serafini, P.P. (Ed.). Plano de Ação Nacional para a Conservação dos Passeriformes Ameaçados dos Campos Sulinos e Espinilho. Brasilia, ICMBio. p. 103-107. (Série Espécies Ameaçadas, 31).). Photographic records confirm the distribution pattern from the literature, in which the species is recorded in Brazil from September to May, namely in TO, GO, MT, MS, MG, SP, PR, SC, RS, and evidence of breeding activity exists for MS and RS in January and February (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP 88533 [SC, 2009, December]).

Sporophila melanogaster (MGT): endemic to Brazil, and occurs from the Central-West east to the Southeast and South regions (Jaramillo & de Juana, 2016Jaramillo, A. & de Juana, E. 2016. Black-bellied Seedeater (Sporophila melanogaster). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/62136 . Access in: 21/07/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/62136...
). All breeding population is confined to the campos de altitude in SC and RS (Rovedder et al., 2013Rovedder, C.; Repenning, M. & Fontana, C.S. 2013. Sporophila melanogaster. In: Serafini, P.P. (Ed.). Plano de Ação Nacional para a Conservação dos Passeriformes Ameaçados dos Campos Sulinos e Espinilho. Brasilia, Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação e Biodiversidade. p. 108-111. (Série Espécies Ameaçadas, 31).). It reaches its breeding site between October and November, and between February and March (Rising, 2011Rising, J.D. 2011. Family Emberizidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 428-683.) it flies north searching for hotter, more humid regions (Azpiroz et al., 2012Azpiroz, A.B.; Isacch, J.P.; Dias, R.A.; Di Giacomo, A.S.; Fontana, C.S. & Palarea, C.M. 2012. Ecology and conservation of grassland birds in southeastern South America: a review. Journal of Field Ornithology, 83(3): 217-246.). The Jaguariaíva region/PR seems to be used as a stopover ground during migration (Carrano & Ribas, 2000Carrano, E. & Ribas, C.F. 2000. Novos registros de aves para a região de cerrado no Paraná. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 94: 12.). Photographic records suggest that this species’ presence is restricted to the period between September and March in TO, GO, MG, SP, PR, RS and SC (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). There are also collected specimens from SC in December (MZUSP). Its occurrence during winter remains unknown and needs to be studied further.

Cardinalidae

Piranga rubra (MGT): breeds in the USA and Mexico and overwinters in a large area from Central America to the western Amazon. In South America this species seems to be more abundant along lower slopes of the Andes (Hilty, 2011Hilty, S.L. 2011. Family Thraupidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. p. 46-329.). It is an uncommon winter visitor in Manaus/AM and there are records for RR and PA in December (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.; Silva, 2011cSilva, J.M.C. 2011c. Santarém. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 88-91.). Museum and photographic records confirm its presence in RR, AP, AM and PA between October and March (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MPEG), but there are occasional records for AM in May and July (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Pheucticus aureoventris (MGT): occurs mainly in the Andes from Venezuela to Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina and southwestern Brazil (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). Breeding records are restricted to Colombia from November to January and to Argentina in December (Brewer & de Juana, 2017Brewer, D. & de Juana, E. 2017. Black-backed Grosbeak (Pheucticus aureoventris). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/62183 . Access in: 11/07/2017.
www.hbw.com/node/62183...
). It is only recorded in MT, MS and RO in Brazil during winter from May to September (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), as well as in AM and GO in July and August (Serpa et al., 2014Serpa, G.; Malacco, G.B.; Aleixo, A.; Darski-Silva, B. & Madeira, S. 2014. Range extension of the known distribution of the Black-backed Grosbeak, Pheucticus aureoventris (Passeriformes: Cardinalidae) in Brazil, with the first records for the states of Rondônia, Amazonas and Goiás. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(1): 38-41.; MPEG 73473 [AM, 2011, August]).

Partially Migratory species accounts (MPR)

Anatidae

Dendrocygna bicolor (MPR): occurs from California to Argentina, in all of Brazil and also in Africa and India. It is, however, rare or it appears only occasionally in many places (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). There are populations residing in CE, MG, SP, PR, SC and RS, as suggested by occurrence records (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) distributed throughout the year, as well as in the Araguaia River region (L.F. Silveira, pers. obs.). In RS, part of the population remains in the state all year round, but another part migrates (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.) following the same pattern as Netta peposaca: it flies to the lower Paraná River region in Argentina, which is its main breeding area according to banding and recapture records (Antas, 1994Antas, P.T.Z. 1994. Migration and other movements among the lower Paraná River valley wetlands, Argentina, and the south Brazil/Pantanal wetlands. Bird Conservation International, 4(2-3): 181-190.; Nascimento et al., 2003Nascimento, J.L.X.; Flores, J.M.; Scherer, A.; Efe, M.A. & Scherer, S.B. 2003. Dados biológicos de marrecas (Aves, Anatidae) no Rio Grande do Sul - Alguns resultados do projeto conservação de anatídeos no cone sul-americano. In: V Encontro Nacional de Biólogos, 5º e Encontro Nordestino de Biólogos, 2º. Resumos. p. 170.). Its movement inside the Brazilian territory is not fully understood, but it was suggested that it moves because of local droughts and floods (Antas, 1994Antas, P.T.Z. 1994. Migration and other movements among the lower Paraná River valley wetlands, Argentina, and the south Brazil/Pantanal wetlands. Bird Conservation International, 4(2-3): 181-190.; Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). There are records of breeding activity for SP (between September and March), SC (December), and RS in May (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) and in October and December (Belton, 1984). In BA, this species is present on lagoons and wetlands during winter (P.C. Lima, pers. obs.).

Coscoroba coscoroba (MPR): occurs in South America from central Chile, Pantanal, and southern Brazil south to Tierra del Fuego. In Brazil, it can be found in PR, SC, RS (Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.) and Mato Grosso do Sul (MS) (Conservation International, 2009Conservation International. 2009. Plano de Manejo da Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural Fazenda Rio Negro.). It breeds in RS (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.; Nascimento et al., 2001Nascimento, J.L.X.; Flores, J.M.; Ataguile, B.S.; Koch, M.; Scherer, S.B. & Santos, P.J.P. 2001. Biological aspects of the Black-necked Swan (Cygnus melancoryphus) and Coscoroba Swan (Coscoroba coscoroba) in Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. Melopsittacus, 4(1): 31-38.; Maurício et al., 2013Maurício, G.N.; Bencke, G.A.; Repenning, M.; Borges-Machado, D.; Dias, R.A. & Bugoni, L. 2013. Review of the breeding status of birds in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 103(2): 163-184.), where the Taim wetlands and Ecological Station are the most important breeding sites in Brazil. Part of its population departs from the Station between December and February and returns between late June and September, but most return in August and remain for at least 60 days, during which they molt. Built nests are seen in late June and chicks begin to appear in the first week of August, though most of them appear only in September. The exit route from Brazil to Argentina is the natural corridor composed of rivers, lakes and wetlands in the central plains of RS from the flood plains of the Ibicuí, Butuí, Santa Maria, Vacacaí and Jacuí Rivers (Calabuig et al., 2010Calabuig, C.P.; Green, A.J.; Menegheti, J.O.; Abad, R.M. & Patiño, J. 2010. Fenología del coscoroba (Coscoroba coscoroba) en el sur de Brasil y sus movimientos hacia Argentina. Ornitologia Neotropical, 21(4): 555-566.). Individuals that reach southern Brazil seem to fly up to 1,700 km in a straight line and the only route is through extreme western RS, which is evidence of the connection between southern Brazil and northeastern Argentina (Calabuig et al., 2010). However, available photographic records on WikiAves confirm its year-round presence in RS, which corroborates the fact that its migration to Argentina is only partial (Calabuig et al., 2010). Data on WikiAves also suggests the presence of this species during almost the entire year in SC (except for February and June), in PR (except January, March, May and November) and in MS between June and October, which is the northern limit of its distribution. This way, geolocation studies should be performed to investigate how regular this movement to the south (to Uruguay and Argentina) made by the population that breed in Brazil is.

Neochen jubata (MPR): occurs from Venezuela to Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina and Brazil, both in the Amazon and in Central Brazil (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). It is considered sedentary in most of its distribution, but there are records of small movements. It exhibits migratory behavior in the Amazon: there is a large breeding population in the Juruá River between June and October, after which disperses widely in the Amazon Basin (Carboneras, 1992aCarboneras, C. 1992a. Family Anatidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 536-628.; Endo et al., 2014Endo, W.; Haugaasen, T. & Peres, C.A. 2014. Seasonal abundance and breeding habitat occupancy of the Orinoco Goose (Neochen jubata) in western Brazilian Amazonia. Bird Conservation International, 24(4): 518-529.). Photographic and sound records available on WikiAves corroborate literature data and show that this species is present in the Amazon Basin only during the dry season (July to October), with records of breeding activity in November and December for Roraima (RR) (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). In Mato Grosso (MT) it is present between March and August (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP), and in Goiás (GO) and Tocantins (TO) it is resident and there are records of breeding activity between April and September (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Callonetta leucophrys (MPR): occurs from northern Argentina to Bolivia, Paraguay, and Brazil in MT, RS, SP, Distrito Federal (DF) and MG (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). Literature data suggests that it is a migratory species that originates from extreme southern South America (Chesser, 1994Chesser, R.T. 1994. Migration in South America: an overview of the austral system. Bird Conservation International, 4(2-3): 91-107.; Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; Nunes & Tomas, 2004Nunes, A.P. & Tomas, W.M. 2004. Aves migratórias ocorrentes no Pantanal: caracterização e conservação. EMBRAPA Pantanal. (Documentos 62).). The direction and amplitude of its movements are not well defined, but there certainly is dispersal after breeding, which expands its distribution near to the coast and in lower latitudes (Carboneras, 1992aCarboneras, C. 1992a. Family Anatidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 536-628.). However, photographic records available on WikiAves show that the species is present all year round in RS and that there are even records of breeding activity between November and February (Belton, 1994Belton, W. 1994. Aves do Rio Grande do Sul: distribuição e biologia. São Leopoldo, Editora da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.; Maurício et al., 2013Maurício, G.N.; Bencke, G.A.; Repenning, M.; Borges-Machado, D.; Dias, R.A. & Bugoni, L. 2013. Review of the breeding status of birds in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 103(2): 163-184.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). It is also recorded for Mato Grosso do Sul (MS) from May to November, SP in August, PR in May, MT in September and SC from February to May and from October to December (Straube et al., 2006Straube, F.C.; Urben-Filho, A.; Nunes, A.P.; Tomás, W.M. & Vieira-da-Rocha, M.C. 2006. Avifauna do Pantanal de Nabileque (Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil). Atualidades Ornitológicas On-line, 134: 29 Available at: Available at: www.ao.com.br . Access in: 30/05/2016.
www.ao.com.br...
; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). Such data suggests that there are resident populations in RS and at least some migration to other states.

Anas georgica (MPR): occurs from extreme southern Colombia to Tierra del Fuego, including the Malvinas/Falklands, South Georgia, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay and Brazil as far as SP (Carboneras, 1992aCarboneras, C. 1992a. Family Anatidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 536-628.), with occasional records for RR and CE (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). Individuals banded in Argentina were recovered in RS (Olrog, 1971Olrog, C.C. 1971. El anillado de aves en Argentina, 1961-1971. Septimo Informe. Neotropica, 17(53): 97-100.) and one individual banded in RS was recovered on the Pacific coast of Chile, which suggests east-west movements (Silva, 1987Silva, F. 1987. Movimentos de dispersão da marreca-parda (Anas georgica): Recuperações e recapturas. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 2º. Anais. Rio de Janeiro, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. p. 211-212.). The main breeding site in Brazil is the coastal region and the highlands of RS. Thousands of individuals have been recorded near the border with Uruguay, where they molt between January and March (Antas, 1994Antas, P.T.Z. 1994. Migration and other movements among the lower Paraná River valley wetlands, Argentina, and the south Brazil/Pantanal wetlands. Bird Conservation International, 4(2-3): 181-190.). The wetlands of RS are used in migration routes (Antas, 1994Antas, P.T.Z. 1994. Migration and other movements among the lower Paraná River valley wetlands, Argentina, and the south Brazil/Pantanal wetlands. Bird Conservation International, 4(2-3): 181-190.), as well as its Central Depression (Nascimento et al., 2000Nascimento, J.L.X.; Antas, P.T.Z.; Silva, F.M.B.V. & Scherer, S.B. 2000. Migração e dados demográficos do marrecão Netta peposaca (Anseriformes, Anatidae), no sul do Brasil, Uruguai, Paraguai e norte da Argentina. Melopsittacus, 3(4): 143-158.). Photographic records show the presence of the species all year round in RS and SC, and records of breeding activity between June and December. It seems to occur in SP between July and October, and in Rio de Janeiro (RJ) in January and October (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Anas versicolor (MPR): occurs from Chile and Argentina to Paraguay, Bolivia and Brazil (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). Populations that breed further south of the distribution migrate north during winter and reach southeastern Brazil (Carboneras, 1992aCarboneras, C. 1992a. Family Anatidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 536-628.). Banding data proves the west-east migration between Argentina and Brazil (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.; Antas, 1994Antas, P.T.Z. 1994. Migration and other movements among the lower Paraná River valley wetlands, Argentina, and the south Brazil/Pantanal wetlands. Bird Conservation International, 4(2-3): 181-190.; Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
). The species seems to move in RS through a main corridor formed by coastal wetlands and the Central Depression, similar to Netta peposaca (Nascimento et al., 2000Nascimento, J.L.X.; Antas, P.T.Z.; Silva, F.M.B.V. & Scherer, S.B. 2000. Migração e dados demográficos do marrecão Netta peposaca (Anseriformes, Anatidae), no sul do Brasil, Uruguai, Paraguai e norte da Argentina. Melopsittacus, 3(4): 143-158.). Part of its population is present throughout the year from RS to SP, and there are records of breeding activity in September and October for RS, SC, PR (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), SP (F. Schunck, pers. comm.), and occasionally in RJ (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.).

Anas platalea (MPR): occurs from southern South America to Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay and RS in Brazil, occasionally as far as RJ (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). Populations that breed further south of the general distribution migrate to lower latitudes during winter (Carboneras, 1992aCarboneras, C. 1992a. Family Anatidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 536-628.). In RS, it occurs mainly as a winter visitor, though breeding has been confirmed in the state (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.; FZBRS, 2013Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul (FZBRS). 2013. Revisão da Lista das Espécies da Fauna Silvestre Ameaçadas de Extinção no Rio Grande do Sul. Consulta Pública. Available at: Available at: www.fzb.rs.gov.br/upload/1396360907_fauna_ameacada.pdf . FZBRS e SEMA/RS. Access in: 17/06/2015.
www.fzb.rs.gov.br/upload/1396360907_faun...
). Presents irregular records for MS, SP and PR (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Netta peposaca (MPR): occurs in the Southern Cone of South America and, in Brazil, in wetlands and floodplains in RS and in the coastal zone of PR, SC, SP and RJ (Nascimento et al., 2000Nascimento, J.L.X.; Antas, P.T.Z.; Silva, F.M.B.V. & Scherer, S.B. 2000. Migração e dados demográficos do marrecão Netta peposaca (Anseriformes, Anatidae), no sul do Brasil, Uruguai, Paraguai e norte da Argentina. Melopsittacus, 3(4): 143-158.). Individuals from RS, where there is a resident population, come from different areas in Argentina and fly from the Paraná River delta near Buenos Aires almost to the Paraná and Paraguay Rivers junction (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.; Antas, 1987Antas, P.T.Z. 1987. Migração de aves no Brasil. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 2º, 1986, Rio de Janeiro. Anais. Rio de Janeiro, Editora da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. p. 153-187.; Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.), and then fly to the south coast of Brazil (Antas, 1994Antas, P.T.Z. 1994. Migration and other movements among the lower Paraná River valley wetlands, Argentina, and the south Brazil/Pantanal wetlands. Bird Conservation International, 4(2-3): 181-190.). The species flies along coastal lagoons in RS and reaches lower Paraná, which is its main breeding site, through eastern Uruguay or through the Central Depression of the state (Antas et al., 1990Antas, P.T.Z.; Nascimento, J.L.X.; Silva, F. & Scherer, S.B. 1990. Migração de Netta peposaca entre o sul do Brasil e Argentina. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 6º. Anais. Pelotas, Universidade Católica de Pelotas, Educat. p. 59.; Antas, 1994Antas, P.T.Z. 1994. Migration and other movements among the lower Paraná River valley wetlands, Argentina, and the south Brazil/Pantanal wetlands. Bird Conservation International, 4(2-3): 181-190.; Nascimento et al., 2000Nascimento, J.L.X.; Antas, P.T.Z.; Silva, F.M.B.V. & Scherer, S.B. 2000. Migração e dados demográficos do marrecão Netta peposaca (Anseriformes, Anatidae), no sul do Brasil, Uruguai, Paraguai e norte da Argentina. Melopsittacus, 3(4): 143-158.). The migration after breeding occurs from April to September and occasionally some individuals arrive in the Pantanal in MS (Nascimento et al., 2000Nascimento, J.L.X.; Antas, P.T.Z.; Silva, F.M.B.V. & Scherer, S.B. 2000. Migração e dados demográficos do marrecão Netta peposaca (Anseriformes, Anatidae), no sul do Brasil, Uruguai, Paraguai e norte da Argentina. Melopsittacus, 3(4): 143-158.). There are also historic records for RJ (J.F. Pacheco, pers. obs.). In SP, it has been recorded for the Tanquã region in the municipality of Piracicaba all year round, and there is also evidence of breeding activity (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Heteronetta atricapilla (MPR): occurs from Chile and Argentina to southern Brazil, Paraguay and Bolivia (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). Populations that breed further south of the distribution fly north during winter (Carboneras, 1992aCarboneras, C. 1992a. Family Anatidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 536-628.). Calabuig et al. (2010Calabuig, C.P.; Green, A.J.; Menegheti, J.O.; Abad, R.M. & Patiño, J. 2010. Fenología del coscoroba (Coscoroba coscoroba) en el sur de Brasil y sus movimientos hacia Argentina. Ornitologia Neotropical, 21(4): 555-566.) suggest that this species presents the same pattern as Coscoroba coscoroba, in which part of the population migrates and the rest remain in one area throughout the year. Individuals that were banded in Santiago del Estero in June and then recovered in RS in August (Olrog, 1974Olrog, C.C. 1974. Recoveries of banded Argentine waterfowl. Bird Banding, 45: 170-177.) proved migration between Argentina and Brazil (RS). This species breeds in RS between October and December (Maurício et al., 2013Maurício, G.N.; Bencke, G.A.; Repenning, M.; Borges-Machado, D.; Dias, R.A. & Bugoni, L. 2013. Review of the breeding status of birds in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 103(2): 163-184.).

Procellariidae

Pterodroma arminjoniana (MPR): adults seem to be sedentary in great part of its distribution while immature individuals are more dispersive and can move through tropical and subtropical Atlantic waters. It breeds in Trindade and Martin Vaz (Carboneras, 1992cCarboneras, C. 1992c. Family Procellariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 216-257.), but its breeding is currently restricted to Trindade Island and other near islets (Neves et al., 2006Neves, T.S.; Olmos, F.; Peppes, F. & Mohr, L.V. 2006. Plano de Ação Nacional para a Conservação de Albatrozes e Petréis (Planacap); com colaboração do Grupo de Trabalho para a Conservação de Albatrozes e Petréis. Brasilia, IBAMA. (Série Espécies Ameaçadas, 2).). On Trindade, active nests and pairs doing flight displays can be seen all year round (Neves et al., 2006Neves, T.S.; Olmos, F.; Peppes, F. & Mohr, L.V. 2006. Plano de Ação Nacional para a Conservação de Albatrozes e Petréis (Planacap); com colaboração do Grupo de Trabalho para a Conservação de Albatrozes e Petréis. Brasilia, IBAMA. (Série Espécies Ameaçadas, 2).), but records of immature individuals are more common on the North Atlantic Ocean than in the South Atlantic (Abreu et al., 2010Abreu, M.; Jiménez, S. & Domingo, A. 2010. Primer registro del Petrel de Trindade Pterodroma arminjoniana (Procellariiformes: Procellariidae) em Uruguay. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 18(3): 240-241.). There are, however, records of adults for the coast of Rio Grande do Norte (RN) in January 2015 (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) and of immature individuals for Argentina in July (Savigny et al., 2005Savigny, C.; Caille, G.; González, R.; Harris, G. 2005. El petrel de Trinidae (Pterodroma arminjoniana) en el Golfo de San Matìas: uma nueva especie para Argentina. El Hornero: Revista de Ornitología Neotropical, 20(2): 183-186.) and for Uruguay in April (Abreu et al., 2010).

Ardeidae

Nyctanassa violacea (MPR): occurs from the coast of the USA to northern Peru and Brazil in all coastal states from AP to RS (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). Movements from the subspecies N. v. cayennesis, which occurs in Brazil, are little known (Martínez-Vilalta & Motis, 1992Martínez-Vilalta, A. & Motis, A. 1992. Family Ardeidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 376-429.). In the estuary from Lagoa dos Patos/RS, where it breeds, its occurrence is seasonal between August and April (Gianuca, 2007Gianuca, D. 2007. Ocorrência sazonal e reprodução do socó-caranguejeiro Nyctanassa violacea no estuário da Lagoa dos Patos (RS, Brasil), novo limite sul da sua distribuição geográfica. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 15(3): 464-467.) and a large part of the population is absent from this state between April and August, when its main prey (the crab Neohelice granulata) remains in its burrows (Martínez-Vilalta & Motis, 1992Martínez-Vilalta, A. & Motis, A. 1992. Family Ardeidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 376-429.). There are other records for RS in September, October, November, December and February (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), which confirm the migratory pattern in the state even though it is present in all other states throughout the year (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Threskiornithidae

Plegadis chihi (MPR): occurs from central California and northwestern USA to the coast of Mexico, and in southern central South America from southeastern Bolivia, Paraguay and southern Brazil to Uruguay and northern central Chile and Argentina (Matheu & del Hoyo, 1992Matheu, E. & del Hoyo, J. 1992. Family Threskiornithidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 472-506.). In Brazil, it seems to breed only in RS and there is a record of 12,000 pairs in the Taim Ecological Station (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.), where there are also records all year round, as well as in SC (P.P. Serafini, pers. obs.), PR and SP (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). However, banding and recapture data proves that this species migrates between Argentina and RS, and records for Argentina are centered in the period between January and April and for RS between June and December (Olrog, 1971Olrog, C.C. 1971. El anillado de aves en Argentina, 1961-1971. Septimo Informe. Neotropica, 17(53): 97-100.; Belton, 1984Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
; SNA, 2016Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.).

Platalea ajaja (MPR): occurs from southeastern USA to northern Argentina, and there are records in all of Brazil. It is considered sedentary in most of its global distribution, but it is partially migratory in North America and its movements in South America are little known (Matheu & Del Hoyo, 1992Matheu, E. & del Hoyo, J. 1992. Family Threskiornithidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 472-506.). In Brazil, it breeds in RS (September to December), where it is present throughout the year (Belton, 1994Belton, W. 1994. Aves do Rio Grande do Sul: distribuição e biologia. São Leopoldo, Editora da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.), and also in the Pantanal according to banding data (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
). Nestlings and juveniles banded in RS were recovered in SC, SP, MG and RJ (Nunes & Tomas, 2008Nunes, A.P. & Tomas, W.M. 2008. Aves migratórias e nômades ocorrentes no Pantanal. EMBRAPA Pantanal.). This species was classified as partially migratory due to the fact that breeding data is restricted to RS and Pantanal, which suggests that this species returns to these places to breed.

Accipitridae

Elanoides forficatus (MPR): occurs from the southeast coast of the USA to eastern Bolivia, Paraguay and northern Argentina, and two subspecies are recognized: E. f. forficatus and E. f. yetapa, both which occurs in Brazil (Bierregaard & Kirwan, 2016aBierregaard Jr., R.O. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016a. Swallow-tailed Kite (Elanoides forficatus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/52963 . Access in: 22/09/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/52963...
). There are records of breeding activity in the Brazilian territory for MT, TO, SP, PR, SC and RS between November and February (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). In the Amazon, where it also breeds, only one nest was recorded in the Upper Negro River (Thiollay, 1994Thiollay, J.M. 1994. Family Accipitridae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 52-205.). It is relatively common in most of its distribution and migratory in the extreme north and south of its global occurrence: chicks banded in Florida in June were recovered in PR in December and in MT in October and November (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). There are also records for RS between September and March (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.). There is no doubt about its migratory behavior, but tracking studies should be performed due to the presence of both subspecies in Brazil sharing geographical areas for at least part of the year (B. Whitney, pers. obs.).

Ictinia plumbea (MPR): occurs from northeastern Mexico to western Ecuador, Paraguay and northern Argentina and Brazil (Bierregaard et al., 2016Bierregaard Jr., R.O.; Marks, J.S. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016. Plumbeous Kite (Ictinia plumbea). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/52976 . Access in: 28/04/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/52976...
). It is migratory in the north and south of its global distribution (Jahn & Cueto, 2012Jahn, A.E. & Cueto, V.R. 2012. The potential for comparative research across New World bird migration systems. Journal of Ornithology, 153(1): 199-205.), and the limits of its populations are not well known. Groups, probably of nomads, appear sporadically throughout the Amazon (Bierregaard et al., 2016Bierregaard Jr., R.O.; Marks, J.S. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016. Plumbeous Kite (Ictinia plumbea). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/52976 . Access in: 28/04/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/52976...
) and are recorded in the region of Alter do Chão/PA only during the rainy season from February to July (Sanaiotti & Cintra, 2001Sanaiotti, T.M. & Cintra, R. 2001. Breeding and migrating birds in an Amazonian savanna. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 36(1): 23-32.). In Brazil, this species occurs sporadically in the Northeast and it breeds in the Amazon and in the Central-West, Southeast and South regions. For PR, SC and RS, records are restricted to the period between August and April (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MNRJ; MZUSP). Therefore, there is a resident and a migratory population in the Brazilian national territory.

Rostrhamus sociabilis (MPR): occurs from southeastern USA to northeastern Argentina and populations from the south of the global distribution are migratory (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). This species performs nomadic movements triggered by drought or drainage of its feeding areas (Bierregaard & Kirwan, 2016bBierregaard Jr., R.O. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016b. Snail Kite (Rostrhamus sociabilis). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/52971 . Access in: 21/06/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/52971...
). It departs from the southern region of Brazil in April and returns in September, and some individuals fly to the Pantanal, where they form groups of up to 600 individuals in feeding areas (Bierregaard & Kirwan, 2016). There is no record of breeding in the Pantanal and large groups (40-80) have been seen departing from the central area and heading south (Antas, 1994Antas, P.T.Z. 1994. Migration and other movements among the lower Paraná River valley wetlands, Argentina, and the south Brazil/Pantanal wetlands. Bird Conservation International, 4(2-3): 181-190.). In the Paraguay River, it is more common in October, when it flies south in flocks (Thiollay, 1994Thiollay, J.M. 1994. Family Accipitridae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 52-205.). There are records of flocks of about 1,000 individuals flying from the north to the south over Sapucaia do Sul/RS in October 1976 (Sick, 1983Sick, H. 1983. Migrações de aves na América do Sul Continental (tradução: Walter A. Voss). Brasília, Cemave - Instituto Brasileiro de Desenvolvimento Florestal. (Publicação Técnica nº 2).). In October 2010, a flock of thousands of individuals (between 2,500 and 3,000) was seen flying from the north to the south in Chapada dos Guimarães/MT (P.P. Amaral, pers. obs.). There are records of breeding activity for CE, Alagoas (AL), Piauí (PI), Espírito Santo (ES), RJ and RS, where the species has been recorded in all months of the year (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), as well as in MG and SP (L.F. Silveira, pers. obs.).

Rallidae

Pardirallus sanguinolentus (MPR): occurs in Peru, Chile, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina and the southeastern and southern regions of Brazil (Taylor, 1996Taylor, P.B. 1996. Family Rallidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 108-209.). It breeds in RS (Belton, 1994Belton, W. 1994. Aves do Rio Grande do Sul: distribuição e biologia. São Leopoldo, Editora da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.; Maurício et al., 2013Maurício, G.N.; Bencke, G.A.; Repenning, M.; Borges-Machado, D.; Dias, R.A. & Bugoni, L. 2013. Review of the breeding status of birds in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 103(2): 163-184.), SC, PR, SP and RJ (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). The population from southwestern Pampas seems to migrate north during winter, while populations from the Atlantic coast and coastal swamps are sedentary (Taylor, 1996Taylor, P.B. 1996. Family Rallidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 108-209.). Records for western RS - in the municipalities of Quaraí, Alegrete and Uruguaiana - are restricted to the period between May and September (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP).

Porphyrio martinicus (MPR): occurs from southeastern USA to Peru, Paraguay, Uruguay, northern Argentina and all of Brazil (Taylor, 1996Taylor, P.B. 1996. Family Rallidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 108-209.; Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.). Although the literature indicates that this species moves seasonally in northeastern Brazil (Sick, 1983Sick, H. 1983. Migrações de aves na América do Sul Continental (tradução: Walter A. Voss). Brasília, Cemave - Instituto Brasileiro de Desenvolvimento Florestal. (Publicação Técnica nº 2).), photographic records (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) and banding data (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
) do not corroborate this pattern. There are scarce records of breeding activity in the entire Northeast region from January to October, and also in CE, Pernambuco (PE) and BA throughout the year (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). Populations from the extreme south of the distribution (Argentina, Uruguay and southern Brazil) fly north during austral winter (Taylor, 1996Taylor, P.B. 1996. Family Rallidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 108-209.), when they disappear completely (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.) from the RS, where records are restricted to the period between September and May (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.; MZUSP 637 [RS, 1897, October]), when they also breed (Maurício et al., 2013Maurício, G.N.; Bencke, G.A.; Repenning, M.; Borges-Machado, D.; Dias, R.A. & Bugoni, L. 2013. Review of the breeding status of birds in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 103(2): 163-184.). As the species is recorded virtually all year round in SC (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), migration seems to be restricted to RS.

Charadriidae

Charadrius falklandicus (MPR): migrates after breeding from Patagonia to Uruguay, RS and the Southeast region of Brazil (Wiersma, 1996Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Charadriidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 384-442.). It has a resident population in RS, where breeding has also been recorded (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.; Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; Maurício et al., 2013Maurício, G.N.; Bencke, G.A.; Repenning, M.; Borges-Machado, D.; Dias, R.A. & Bugoni, L. 2013. Review of the breeding status of birds in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 103(2): 163-184.). For SP, there are records in May to August (Barbieri et al., 2013Barbieri, E.; Delchiaro, R.T.C. & Branco, J.O. 2013. Flutuações mensais na abundância dos Charadriidae e Scolopacidae da praia da Ilha Comprida, São Paulo, Brasil. Biota Neotropica, 13(3). DOI; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). There are also records for SC between May and July (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Sternidae

Sternula antillarum (MPR): breeds from April to July on the east coast of the USA, it migrates to the Caribbean and South America, and overwinters mainly in Brazil (Gochfeld & Burger, 1996Gochfeld, M. & Burger, J. 1996. Family Sternidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 624-667.) according to data from two individuals banded in the USA and recovered in AL in January (Olmos, 2002aOlmos, F. 2002a. Non-breeding seabirds in Brazil: a review of band recoveries. Ararajuba, 10(1): 31-42.). However, there is a breeding colony on Curupu Island/MA monitored between May and July (Rodrigues et al., 2010Rodrigues, A.A.F.; Bezerra, L.R.P.; Pereira, A.S.; Carvalho, D.L. & Lopes, A.T.L. 2010. Reprodução de Sternula antillarum (Charadriiformes: Sternidae) na costa amazônica do Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 18(3): 216-221.) that suggests that there are possibly two populations in Brazil and their limits are not yet known. This way, occurrence data in Brazil may include birds both from the Brazilian populations and migrants from the Northern Hemisphere. There are records for AP between October and April (Xavier & Boss, 2011Xavier, B.F. & Boss, R.L. 2011. Estação Ecológica Maracá-Jipioca. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 28-32.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) that are probably individuals from North America, and for PA between May and October (Valente, 2011Valente, R.M. 2011. Arquipélago do Marajó. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 78-81.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MPEG) that would belong to the Brazilian population. In the Northeast region, there are records or BA (Lima, 2006Lima, P.C. 2006. Aves do Litoral Norte da Bahia - Birds of the Northern Coastal Region of Bahia. Atualidades Ornitológicas. Bahia, AO. 616p. Available at: www.ao.com.br/download/inbahia.pdf.
www.ao.com.br/download/inbahia.pdf...
), PE (Azevedo-Júnior & Larrazábal, 2011aAzevedo-Júnior, S.M. & Larrazábal, M.E. 2011a. Coroa do Avião. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa. Conservation International, 150-154.), SE and AL (Azevedo-Júnior & Larrazábal, 2011bAzevedo-Júnior, S.M. & Larrazábal, M.E. 2011b. Pontal do Peba. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa., Conservation International. p. 159-162.), from September to May (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP), which suggests that these are records of the north population. Records for CE, RN (Girão et al., 2008Girão, W.; Albano, C.; Campos, A.A.; Pinto, T. & Carlos, C.J. 2008. Registros documentados de cinco novos trinta-réis (Charadriiformes: Sternidae) no estado do Ceará, nordeste do Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 16(3): 252-255.; Albano & Girão, 2011Albano, C. & Girão, W. 2011. Região Metropolitana de Fortaleza. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa., Conservation International. p. 133-136.; Girão & Albano, 2011aGirão, W. & Albano, C. 2011a. Ilha Grande. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 129-132.) and MA are distributed in all months of the year (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), which suggests that there is an overlap of migratory and resident individuals. In RS, records are probably of migrants and from November to April (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Gelochelidon nilotica (MPR): occurs in tropical and subtropical seas in all continents. Birds from eastern USA migrate to southeastern USA and to the Gulf of Mexico. Some individuals cross to the Pacific, while others overwinter along Costa Rica or reach southern Brazil and Peru (Gochfeld & Burger, 1996Gochfeld, M. & Burger, J. 1996. Family Sternidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 624-667.). It is usually not common in most of Brazil and its distribution is disjunct and centered in two different areas: through the coast from the estuary of the Amazon River (including Mexiana and Marajó islands/PA) to RN; and in coastal lagoons, rice fields and swamps in southern Brazil (RS), and this second population is contiguous to the ones in Uruguay and Argentina. There are few records of breeding activity in Brazil (De Luca et al., 2006De Luca, A.; Develey, P.F. & Olmos, F. 2006. Final report, waterbirds in Brazil. São Paulo, SAVE Brasil.), and most records of nesting are old. This species nests in the estuary of the Amazon River in August (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.) and in RS between November and January (Belton, 1994Belton, W. 1994. Aves do Rio Grande do Sul: distribuição e biologia. São Leopoldo, Editora da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.). Photographic records confirm the disjunct distribution pattern and show its presence in the Northeast all year round, which suggests that part of the Brazilian population is resident, but records in RS are restricted from September to May (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). There are also documented records in inland Brazil, such as in MG (Nóbrega et al., 2015Nóbrega, P.F.A.; Aguiar, J.A.B. & Figueira, J.E.C. 2015. First records of Charadrius semipalmatus, Bonaparte 1825 (Charadriidae) and Gelochelidon nilotica Gmelin 1789 (Sternidae) in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Biology, 75(2): 451-454. DOI) and in the Amazon River channel, where it might breed (Kirwan et al., 2012Kirwan, G.M.; Bostock, N.; Hornbuckle, J.; Marshall, A. & Oxlade, M. 2012. Does Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica breed in the interior of continental South America? Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 132(2): 133-135.).

Sterna hirundinacea (MPR): occurs from the south coast of Peru and southeastern Brazil to Tierra del Fuego and on the Malvinas/Falklands. During winter, its distribution expands further north to southern Ecuador on the Pacific coast and to BA on the Atlantic coast (Gochfeld & Burger, 1996Gochfeld, M. & Burger, J. 1996. Family Sternidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 624-667.). There are two breeding populations on the Atlantic coast. The population from southern Uruguay and Argentina breeds every year from December to February during austral summer and then migrates north and arrives in Brazil from April to May to winter possibly between the coast of RJ and southern BA. The Brazilian population from SC to ES begins breeding activities in April-May (Antas, 1987Antas, P.T.Z. 1987. Migração de aves no Brasil. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 2º, 1986, Rio de Janeiro. Anais. Rio de Janeiro, Editora da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. p. 153-187.). There are also records of breeding activity on coastal islands from RJ (Coelho et al., 1990Coelho, E.P.; Alves, V.S.; Soneghet, M.L.L. & Carvalho, F.S. 1990. Levantamento das aves marinhas no percurso Rio de Janeiro-Bahia (Brasil). Boletim do Instituto Oceanográfico, São Paulo, 38(2): 161-167.) and SC (Branco, 2003Branco, J.O. 2003. Reprodução das aves marinhas nas ilhas costeiras de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 20(4): 619-623.). Museum records are restricted to June to September in RJ (MZUSP, MNRJ, MPEG), to July to October and April in SP and to August in RS (MZUSP).

Sterna trudeaui (MPR): occurs on the coast of and in inland South America, and breeds from southern Brazil to Patagonia and Chile (Gochfeld & Burger, 1996Gochfeld, M. & Burger, J. 1996. Family Sternidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 624-667.). There is evidence of breeding activity in RS (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.) in November and December (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), where it is considered resident (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.; Accordi & Hartz, 2013Accordi, I.A. & Hartz, S.M. 2013. Aves em um mosaico de ambientes costeiros no sul do Brasil. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 172: 49-59.). Out of the breeding season, it flies north through the Pacific coast to southern Peru and through the Atlantic coast to RJ (Gochfeld & Burger, 2016aGochfeld, M. & Burger, J. 2016a. Snowy-crowned Tern (Sterna trudeaui). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/54030 . Access in: 25/04/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/54030...
). Photographic records suggest it is present on the Brazilian coast from RS to northern SP, but records for SP are restricted between May and November, for PR from July to November, and for RS in August (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP).

Thalasseus acuflavidus (MPR): occurs in eastern North America, Antilles and Caribbean and overwinters from the southern Caribbean to southern Peru and Uruguay (Gochfeld & Burger, 2016bGochfeld, M. & Burger, J. 2016b. Sandwich Tern (Thalasseus sandvicensis). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/54016 . Access in: 07/10/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/54016...
). Individuals from North America migrate south across the Caribbean and over the coasts from both Central and South America (Gochfeld & Burger, 2016bGochfeld, M. & Burger, J. 2016b. Sandwich Tern (Thalasseus sandvicensis). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/54016 . Access in: 07/10/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/54016...
). In Brazil, this species breeds on coastal islands in the South and Southeast regions, and the largest breeding colony of the South Atlantic is in ES with around 14,000 individuals (M.A. Efe, pers. comm.). In RS, (Accordi & Hartz, 2013Accordi, I.A. & Hartz, S.M. 2013. Aves em um mosaico de ambientes costeiros no sul do Brasil. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 172: 49-59.) and BA, it can be observed all year round, but there are large gatherings of individuals on the coast of BA from September to April originated from breeding colonies in ES according to banding data (Lima et al., 2004bLima, P.C.; Lima, R.C.F.R.; Hays, H.; Santos, S.S.; Cormons, T.; Cormons, G.; Dicostanzo, J.; Lima, T.N.C. 2004b. Recuperações de Sterna eurygnatha Saunders, 1876 na Bahia, Brasil, entre 1995 e 2004. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 122: 4.). Although this species is considered migratory by Jahn & Cueto (2012Jahn, A.E. & Cueto, V.R. 2012. The potential for comparative research across New World bird migration systems. Journal of Ornithology, 153(1): 199-205.), available data shows it is only partially migratory.

Thalasseus maximus (MPR): occurs from the southwest coast of the USA to northwestern Mexico and from eastern USA to the Guianas and Brazil, through the Antilles and Bahamas. Its breeding populations are disjunct and occur in the Yucatán Peninsula and in southern Brazil, Uruguay and northern Patagonia (Gochfeld & Burger, 1996Gochfeld, M. & Burger, J. 1996. Family Sternidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 624-667.). Individuals that arrive in Brazil come from southern USA and Caribbean and land in the north and northeast coasts during austral summer, and also individuals that come from Patagonia during austral winter (De Luca et al., 2006De Luca, A.; Develey, P.F. & Olmos, F. 2006. Final report, waterbirds in Brazil. São Paulo, SAVE Brasil.). There are records of this species all year round in Ilha Comprida/SP both of breeding individuals and of those originating from southern South America (Barbieri & Paes, 2008Barbieri, E. & Paes, E.T. 2008. The Birds at Ilha Comprida Beach. Biota Neotropica, 8(3): 41-50.). Although this species have had been considered resident in RS (Accordi & Hartz, 2013Accordi, I.A. & Hartz, S.M. 2013. Aves em um mosaico de ambientes costeiros no sul do Brasil. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 172: 49-59.), its records are scarce from October to December, which suggests return to breeding colonies further south of the continent in this period (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.), confirming the migratory behavior as already proposed by Jahn & Cueto (2012Jahn, A.E. & Cueto, V.R. 2012. The potential for comparative research across New World bird migration systems. Journal of Ornithology, 153(1): 199-205.).

Rynchopidae

Rynchops niger (MPR): occurs as resident in some coastal areas in eastern USA, Mexico and northern South America; occurs as migrant in the coast of South America, Central America and part of the USA. It breeds in the Amazon and in great part of central and eastern Brazil (Zusi, 1996Zusi, R.L. 1996. Rynchops niger. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions.). This species is recorded in Brazil all year round, but evidence of breeding activity seems to be restricted to RS, the Amazonian and Central-West regions, specifically in AM, PA, RO, TO, MT, MS, GO (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). Data from banding and recapture suggests that nestlings born in the Pantanal in MT and in the Manaus region/AM fly to southern Brazil in RS, to Uruguay and Argentina (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
). During a one-year study in the estuary of Cananéia-Iguape-Ilha Comprida/SP, this species was present in all months exhibited no evidence of breeding activity and presented population fluctuations (Barbieri, 2007Barbieri, E. . 2007 Variação sazonal e abundância de Rynchops niger no estuário de Cananéia-Iguape-Ilha Comprida, São Paulo. Biota Neotropica, 7(2): 21-26.). Although the available data is still not enough to define a migratory pattern, the fact that this species only breeds in the aforementioned places suggests the existence of migratory movement.

Caprimulgidae

Lurocalis semitorquatus (MPR): occurs from southern Mexico to northern Argentina (Cleere, 1999Cleere, N. 1999. Family Caprimulgidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 5. Barn-owls to hummingbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 302-386.). There are records of breeding activity of the subspecies L. s. nattereri in lowland Atlantic Forest in SP between September and March, and of it departing from this area between April and August (Aleixo & Galetti, 1997Aleixo, A. & Galetti, M. 1997. The conservation of the avifauna in a lowland Atlantic forest in south-east Brazil. Bird Conservation International, 7: 235-261.). In the Carlos Botelho State Park/SP, it has been considered locally migratory and its records are centered in the period between September and April (Antunes et al., 2013Antunes, A.Z.; Silva, B.G.; Matsukuma, C.K.; Eston, M.R. & Santos, A.M.R. 2013. Aves do Parque Estadual Carlos Botelho, SP. Biota Neotropica, 13(2): 124-140.), which also happens with its photographic records for the entire South and Southeast regions - RJ, SP, PR, SC, RS (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). The species seems to fly to regions further north of the country during winter, including the Amazon, where there is a resident population (L. s. semitorquatus) that gathers with migratory populations. Important vocal distinctions possibly prevent population cross-breeding during the wintering season of L. s. nattereri in the Amazon (T.V.V. Costa, pers. comm.). Museum data confirms the described pattern once records for South and Southeast regions are restricted to the period of September to April (MZUSP, MPEG, MNRJ) and for Amazonian region all over the year (MZUSP, MPEG).

Hydropsalis parvula (MPR): occurs from eastern Peru to northern Argentina and Uruguay and all through Brazil, especially south of the Amazon River. The species seems to be migratory in Brazil (Cleere, 1999Cleere, N. 1999. Family Caprimulgidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 5. Barn-owls to hummingbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 302-386.) and is present in the Central-West, Southeast and South regions especially between September and April, and in the Amazon, where it overwinters, it is restricted between April and August. In the Northeast, it seems to be present all year round. There are records of breeding activity for GO, DF, MT, MS, MG, CE, BA, AL, SE, ES, RJ, SP, PR (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) and RS (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.).

Podager nacunda (MPR): the subspecies P. n. nacunda breeds in temperate and tropical regions in South America and migrates to hotter, more humid regions in the continent (Azpiroz et al., 2012Azpiroz, A.B.; Isacch, J.P.; Dias, R.A.; Di Giacomo, A.S.; Fontana, C.S. & Palarea, C.M. 2012. Ecology and conservation of grassland birds in southeastern South America: a review. Journal of Field Ornithology, 83(3): 217-246.), where it joins the resident taxon P. n. minor (Barbosa et al., 2015Barbosa, K.V.C.; Costa, T.V.V. & Silveira, L.F. 2015. Altitudinal range of Nacunda Nighthawk Chordeiles nacunda in northern South America. Cotinga, 37: 110-111.). Its migratory pattern is less known (Cleere, 1999Cleere, N. 1999. Family Caprimulgidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 5. Barn-owls to hummingbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 302-386.) and the overlap of the two subspecies makes it harder to differentiate records of the migratory from those of the resident population. There are records for almost the entire Brazilian territory and they are distributed in all months of the year, while evidence of breeding activity is restricted to PA, TO, GO, RJ, SP, PR and RS between September and December (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Trochilidae

Florisuga fusca (MPR): occurs in southeastern Paraguay, northeastern Argentina, northern Uruguay and part of Brazil (Schuchmann, 1999Schuchmann, K.L. 1999. Family Trochilidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 5. Barn-owls to hummingbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 468-682.). It breeds on mountains in southeastern Brazil and migrates altitudinally, moving to lower grounds during winter. It is a regular winter visitor in the province of Misiones in Argentina and rare in eastern Paraguay (Areta & Bodrati, 2010Areta, J.I. & Bodrati, A. 2010. Un sistema migratorio longitudinal dentro de la Selva Atlántica: movimientos estacionales y taxonomía del Tangará Cabeza Celeste (Euphonia cyanocephala) en misiones (Argentina) y Paraguay. Ornitologia Neotropical, 21(1): 71-86.). In Brazil, there are records in all months of the year in the Southeast, the South, and in BA. In GO and MS, records are centered in the period between April and October. Breeding activity (November to March) has an altitudinal tendency, and most records come from elevations higher than 600 m (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). Further studies are necessary to better understand its migratory patterns.

Anthracothorax nigricollis (MPR): occurs from Panama to northeastern Argentina and southern Brazil. It migrates to higher elevations in August and September and long-distance migration in eastern Brazil is also known (Schuchmann, 1999Schuchmann, K.L. 1999. Family Trochilidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 5. Barn-owls to hummingbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 468-682.). There is one record of breeding activity in lowland Atlantic Forest in SP between September and March, and it departs from this region between April and August (Aleixo & Galetti, 1997Aleixo, A. & Galetti, M. 1997. The conservation of the avifauna in a lowland Atlantic forest in south-east Brazil. Bird Conservation International, 7: 235-261.). The species has been recorded in Carlos Botelho State Park/SP from October to April (Antunes et al., 2013Antunes, A.Z.; Silva, B.G.; Matsukuma, C.K.; Eston, M.R. & Santos, A.M.R. 2013. Aves do Parque Estadual Carlos Botelho, SP. Biota Neotropica, 13(2): 124-140.), and is considered locally migratory. According to photographic and banding records, it occurs in the Amazon all year round, where it breeds from April to July. This species seems to vanish from RJ, PR and RS during winter (from May to July), and from ES in June and July. Although there are records for SP during winter, its numbers are low. Records of breeding activity in the South and Southeast are restricted to lower elevations (under 600 m) and centered in the period between October and February (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). This described pattern is confirmed by museum data (MZUSP, MPEG, MNRJ) although the presence of two isolated records in the winter: in MG in June (MZUSP 97891) and in RJ in July (MNRJ 41474).

Tityridae

Pachyramphus polychopterus (MPR): occurs from Guatemala to eastern Brazil and northern Argentina (Mobley, 2016Mobley, J. 2016. Plain Becard (Pachyramphus validus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/57550 . Access in: 20/01/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/57550...
). There are records of breeding activity in lowland Atlantic Forest areas in SP between September and March, and records for the Carlos Botelho State Park/SP are restricted between September and April (Antunes et al., 2013Antunes, A.Z.; Silva, B.G.; Matsukuma, C.K.; Eston, M.R. & Santos, A.M.R. 2013. Aves do Parque Estadual Carlos Botelho, SP. Biota Neotropica, 13(2): 124-140.). It seems to depart from southeastern SP in April (Aleixo & Galetti, 1997Aleixo, A. & Galetti, M. 1997. The conservation of the avifauna in a lowland Atlantic forest in south-east Brazil. Bird Conservation International, 7: 235-261.), which is corroborated by data from the Southeast and South regions, where records are centered in the period between September and April (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP; MPEG; MNRJ). In the Northeast, Central-West and Amazonian regions, records are distributed in all months of the year (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Pachyramphus validus (MPR): occurs from southern Peru and eastern Bolivia to northern Argentina, Paraguay and Brazil (Mobley, 2016Mobley, J. 2016. Plain Becard (Pachyramphus validus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/57550 . Access in: 20/01/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/57550...
) on Marajó Island and eastern PA, and from RO to RS. Joseph (1996Joseph, L. 1996. Preliminary climatic overview of migration patterns in South American austral migrant passerines. Ecotropica, 2(2): 185-193.) classified it as migratory, but this is not a consensus in literature. It breeds in lowland Atlantic Forest areas in SP between September and March and it seems it departs from this region between April and August (Aleixo & Galetti, 1997Aleixo, A. & Galetti, M. 1997. The conservation of the avifauna in a lowland Atlantic forest in south-east Brazil. Bird Conservation International, 7: 235-261.). Analyses of data from WikiAves, museums and SNA show a reduced number of records in the colder months (from May to July) in the states from the Southeast and South, and its absence from SC and RS (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
; MZUSP, MPEG, MNRJ), which shows that the species exhibit migratory movement. Although further studies are necessary to better understand its migratory pattern in all Brazilian territory.

Tyrannidae

Elaenia spectabilis (MPR): breeds from the eastern Andes in Bolivia to southwestern and eastern Brazil, northern Argentina and Uruguay; it overwinters in northeastern Brazil and in the Amazon (Hosner, 2004aHosner, P.A. 2004a. Elaenia spectabilis. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 268.). Museum and sound records show its sparse presence throughout the year in almost the entire national territory. Records for Amazonian states are restricted in the period between April and November and centered between May and August (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP; MNRJ; MPEG). The records from the South region (PR, SC and RS) are restricted to September and March (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP; MPEG), which suggests a migratory pattern. However, there is only evidence of breeding activity for the Northeast, Southeast and South regions between September and April (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) indicating why this species was classified as partially migratory.

Elaenia parvirostris (MPR): breeds in eastern and southeastern Bolivia, southeastern and southern Brazil, northeastern Argentina and Uruguay. After breeding, it migrates during winter (April to October) mainly to northern South America, crossing the entire Amazon and flying as far as southern Caribbean (Netherlands Antilles, Trinidad) (Fitzpatrick, 2004Fitzpatrick, J.W. 2004. Family Tyrannidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 170-463.). Available records, vocal and museum, corroborate this pattern: those for the Amazonian region are restricted to the period between April and October, while those for Southeast and South are centered from August to March (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP; MPEG). Breeding data for the Southeast and South are between October and February (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Elaenia chiriquensis (MPR): occurs from Costa Rica to eastern Brazil and northeastern Argentina. It is considered resident in most of its distribution (Hosner, 2004bHosner, P.A. 2004b. Elaenia chiriquensis. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 272.), but some individuals migrate to breed (Jahn et al., 2004Jahn, A.E.; Levey, D.J. & Smith, K.G. 2004. Reflections across hemispheres: a system-wide approach to new world bird migration. Auk, 121(4): 1005-1013.). The coexistence of migratory and resident populations hinders the identification of flyways (Marini & Cavalcanti, 1990Marini, M.A. & Cavalcanti, R.B. 1990. Migracões de Elaenia albiceps chilensis e Elaenia chiriquensis albivertex (Aves: Tyrannidae). Boletim do Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi Serie Zoologia, 6: 59-67.). There seems to be a population quite common in Central Brazil between August and December that also breeds there and fly north during winter (Hosner, 2004bHosner, P.A. 2004b. Elaenia chiriquensis. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 272.; Medeiros & Marini, 2007Medeiros, R.C.S. & Marini, M.A. 2007. Biologia reprodutiva de Elaenia chiriquensis (Lawrence) (Aves, Tyrannidae) em Cerrado do Brasil Central. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 24(1): 12-20.) and west to the Amazonian region (Sick, 1983Sick, H. 1983. Migrações de aves na América do Sul Continental (tradução: Walter A. Voss). Brasília, Cemave - Instituto Brasileiro de Desenvolvimento Florestal. (Publicação Técnica nº 2)., 1997; Marini & Cavalcanti, 1990Marini, M.A. & Cavalcanti, R.B. 1990. Migracões de Elaenia albiceps chilensis e Elaenia chiriquensis albivertex (Aves: Tyrannidae). Boletim do Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi Serie Zoologia, 6: 59-67.). This migratory pattern is corroborated by an absence of records south of Brasília/DF and Cuiabá/MT between June and August (Marini & Cavalcanti, 1990Marini, M.A. & Cavalcanti, R.B. 1990. Migracões de Elaenia albiceps chilensis e Elaenia chiriquensis albivertex (Aves: Tyrannidae). Boletim do Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi Serie Zoologia, 6: 59-67.). Nevertheless, a study using stable isotope analysis of tissues of individuals from this population reveals that individuals never leave the Cerrado for molting and wintering (Guaraldo et al., 2016Guaraldo, A.C.; Kelly, J.F. & Marini, M.A. 2016. Contrasting annual cycles of an intratropical migrant and a tropical resident bird. Journal of Ornithology, 157(3): 695-705. DOI ). In addition, unpublished data from Charles G. Duca reports a quick passage of individuals through the coast of ES in February that were molting flight feathers, which suggests that the southeast coast of Brazil may be a stopover or molting ground for this species.

Myiopagis viridicata (MPR): occurs from Mexico to Venezuela and Ecuador, also in Guyana, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina and virtually all of Brazil. It is mainly resident, but populations in extreme southern Brazil migrate north after the breeding season (Fitzpatrick, 2004Fitzpatrick, J.W. 2004. Family Tyrannidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 170-463.). Photographic records restricted to the period between September and May in PR, SC and RS corroborate this, while in other states it is found throughout the year (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Serpophaga munda (MPR): breeds in Argentina between October and January and flies to lower elevations, to the north and east of the Chaco and to Patagonian lowlands during austral winter, with some individuals flying to coastal regions in southeastern of Brazil and Uruguay (Fitzpatrick, 2004Fitzpatrick, J.W. 2004. Family Tyrannidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 170-463.). It migrates every year from the Andes to the Pantanal during colder periods (D. Oliveira, pers. comm.), as shown by recaptures in the Pantanal Matogrossense National Park in June 2013 (Cemave, unpublished data). All photographic and sound records available are for RS and are distributed throughout the year (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), which suggests a resident population (even though there is no evidence of breeding activity). Because of its migratory behavior in the Pantanal, this species was considered partially migratory.

Legatus leucophaius (MPR): occurs from Mexico to northern Argentina and in all of Brazil (Mobley & Kirwan, 2016Mobley, J. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016. Piratic Flycatcher (Legatus leucophaius). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/57455 . Access in: 21/07/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/57455...
). It has been considered a migratory species (Jahn & Cueto, 2012Jahn, A.E. & Cueto, V.R. 2012. The potential for comparative research across New World bird migration systems. Journal of Ornithology, 153(1): 199-205.), and records for the northeastern, southeastern and southern regions are centered in the period between September and March (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.; Antunes et al., 2013Antunes, A.Z.; Silva, B.G.; Matsukuma, C.K.; Eston, M.R. & Santos, A.M.R. 2013. Aves do Parque Estadual Carlos Botelho, SP. Biota Neotropica, 13(2): 124-140.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP; MNRJ). However, the species is recorded all year round for the northern region (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP; MPEG) and there is evidence of breeding activity for all of Brazil between September and February (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), which characterizes it as a partially migratory species.

Myiarchus swainsoni (MPR): the subspecies M. s. swainsoni occurs in the most meridional regions of South America, breeds in the temperate zones of Argentina and overwinters in northern South America (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; Joseph, 2004Joseph, L. 2004. Myiarchus swainsoni. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 432.; Cueto et al., 2008Cueto, V.R.; Lopez de Casenave, J. & Marone, L. 2008. Neotropical austral migrant landbirds: population trends and habitat use in the central Monte desert, Argentina. Condor, 110(1): 70-79.). In Brazil, it breeds in RS (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.; Maurício et al., 2013Maurício, G.N.; Bencke, G.A.; Repenning, M.; Borges-Machado, D.; Dias, R.A. & Bugoni, L. 2013. Review of the breeding status of birds in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 103(2): 163-184.), where it is considered an austral migrant (Accordi & Hartz, 2013Accordi, I.A. & Hartz, S.M. 2013. Aves em um mosaico de ambientes costeiros no sul do Brasil. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 172: 49-59.). Photographic, museum records and banding data in RS are centered on the period between September and April (Belton, 1985; SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP) as well as for SC and PR (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP). In SP, it has been regarded as migratory (Willis, 2004Willis, E.O. 2004. Birds of a habitat spectrum in the Itirapina savanna, São Paulo, Brazil (1982-2003). Brazilian Journal of Biology, 64(4): 901-910.; Silva-e-Silva & Olmos, 2007Silva-e-Silva, R. & Olmos, F. 2007. Adendas e registros significativos para a avifauna dos manguezais de Santos e Cubatão, SP. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 15(4): 551-560.; Antunes et al., 2013Antunes, A.Z.; Silva, B.G.; Matsukuma, C.K.; Eston, M.R. & Santos, A.M.R. 2013. Aves do Parque Estadual Carlos Botelho, SP. Biota Neotropica, 13(2): 124-140.), but photographic records and banding data show its presence in all months of the year (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). Sedentary populations may be represented by the subspecies M. s. pelzelni in Central Brazil (Lanyon, 1982Lanyon, W.E. 1982. Evidence for wintering and resident populations of swainson’s flycatcher (Myiarchus swainsoni) in Northern Suriname. Auk, 99(3): 581-582.), but preliminary data and capture records suggest a migratory pattern for this subspecies around Brasília/DF, as seen as the result of a pilot project with geolocators and isotopic analyses in Brasília and in Chapada dos Guimarães/MT (A. Guaraldo, pers. obs.).

Casiornis fuscus (MPR): endemic to Brazil and occurs in the southern Amazon from lower Tapajós River east to PE and south to northeastern MT and central MG, including the entire Caatinga and part of the Cerrado (Scholes, 2004Scholes, E. 2004. Casiornis fuscus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, 428.; Scholes & Boesman, 2016Scholes, E. & Boesman, P. 2016. Ashthroated Casiornis (Casiornis fuscus). In: Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/57494 . Access in: 31/07/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/57494...
). As stated by Sick (1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.), it seems to be present in the north of its distribution only as a visitor during winter. This statement was recently confirmed and deepened a space-time analysis of historic records of museum specimens, field observations and digital vouchers at WikiAves and e-bird (Lees, 2016Lees, A.C. 2016. Evidence for longitudinal migration by a “sedentary” Brazilian flycatcher, the Ash-throated Casiornis. Journal of Field Ornithology, 87(3): 251-259.). In this analysis, a migratory pattern from part of the Caatinga and adjacent ecotones was identified, where records are centered in the period between December and March, expanding west to northern Cerrado and eastern Amazon between June and September. Although it can be recorded throughout the year in the Caatinga, where it also breeds, as corroborated by banding data (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
), its occurrence in the Amazon is restricted to the period between April and October, when they use mainly open formations and young secondary forests as wintering areas (Lees, 2016Lees, A.C. 2016. Evidence for longitudinal migration by a “sedentary” Brazilian flycatcher, the Ash-throated Casiornis. Journal of Field Ornithology, 87(3): 251-259.).

Pitangus sulphuratus (MPR): occurs from extreme southern USA to Argentina. Its migratory habits are little known and it is resident in most of its distribution. It seems to depart from higher altitudes and colder regions in southern Brazil during austral winter (Mobley, 2004aMobley, J. 2004a. Pitangus sulphuratus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 408.). One individual banded in Santiago del Estero, Argentina was recovered in SC in January (Olrog, 1969Olrog, C.C. 1969. El anillado de aves en Argentina, 1961-1968. Sexto Informe. Neotropica, 15: 82-88.). There are large numbers of this species in Serra da Bodoquena in western MS during winter and then it disappears during summer, which suggests a west-east movement through the Argentinian Chaco region to Brazil (Capllonch et al., 2009Capllonch, P.; Ortiz, D. & Soria, K. 2009. Migraciones de especies de Tyrannidae de la Argentina: Parte 2. Acta Zoológica Lilloana, 53(1-2): 77-79.). During a banding course in the Pantanal Matogrossense National Park in July 2013, 11 individuals were captured simultaneously in two mist nets (Cemave, unpublished data). However, further studies are necessary to better understand this species movement patterns.

Myiodynastes maculatus (MPR): occurs from Mexico to Argentina and in all of Brazil (Mobley, 2004bMobley, J. 2004b. Myiodynastes maculatus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 414.). It is considered migratory (Jahn & Cueto, 2012Jahn, A.E. & Cueto, V.R. 2012. The potential for comparative research across New World bird migration systems. Journal of Ornithology, 153(1): 199-205.) in the extreme north and south of its distribution and seems to move altitudinally (Mobley, 2004bMobley, J. 2004b. Myiodynastes maculatus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 414.), but this is yet to be confirmed. It breeds in almost all of Brazil from September to April (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) and, according to Sick (1983Sick, H. 1983. Migrações de aves na América do Sul Continental (tradução: Walter A. Voss). Brasília, Cemave - Instituto Brasileiro de Desenvolvimento Florestal. (Publicação Técnica nº 2).), it departs from southern regions in the winter to join the sedentary populations from the north (Sick, 1983Sick, H. 1983. Migrações de aves na América do Sul Continental (tradução: Walter A. Voss). Brasília, Cemave - Instituto Brasileiro de Desenvolvimento Florestal. (Publicação Técnica nº 2).). Photographic records (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) and banding data (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
) confirm its presence all year round in all of Brazil, but in the southeastern and southern regions they are centered in the period between September and April, which suggests a winter migration that should be better studied. Central-western records are far more numerous in the period of August to December (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Tyrannus albogularis (MPR): occurs from Venezuela to the Guianas south to northern Bolivia and Brazil. It has been classified as an austral migrant, but its movement pattern is not fully known and populations further north of the distribution may be resident. During austral winter (approximately from May to August), it migrates west through the Amazon, reaching extreme southeastern Colombia, eastern Ecuador and northeastern Peru (Mobley, 2004cMobley, J. 2004c. Tyrannus albogularis. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 419.). Photographic records and banding data show that the species breeds in Brazil between October and April in PA, RN, TO, GO, MG and SP. Its occurrence records are sparse throughout the year in the national territory (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
; MZUSP; MPEG). However, there are fewer records in GO, MG and SP between May and August than in the rest of the year (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
; MZUSP; MPEG), which suggests a reduction in population during winter. Further studies are necessary to understand its migratory pattern.

Tyrannus melancholicus (MPR): occurs from extreme southwestern USA to central Argentina and in all of Brazil (Mobley, 2004dMobley, J. 2004d. Tyrannus melancholicus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 419.). Populations from southern Brazil remain in their breeding area only during the hotter months of the year and depart during winter (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.), which classifies it as migratory (Jahn & Cueto, 2012Jahn, A.E. & Cueto, V.R. 2012. The potential for comparative research across New World bird migration systems. Journal of Ornithology, 153(1): 199-205.) in part of its distribution (Mobley, 2004dMobley, J. 2004d. Tyrannus melancholicus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 419.). Museum records and banding data are restricted to the period between October and March in PR, SC and RS, and in MG, RJ and SP it is centered on September to March, when there are far more records (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.; Accordi & Hartz, 2013Accordi, I.A. & Hartz, S.M. 2013. Aves em um mosaico de ambientes costeiros no sul do Brasil. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 172: 49-59.; SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
; MZUSP; MPEG). However, the species is recorded all year round in the entire national territory and there is an overlap of resident and migrant populations, whose individuals can be morphologically differentiated by their wings (Jahn et al., 2010Jahn, A.E.; Levey, D.J.; Farias, I.P.; Mamani, A.M.; Vidoz, J.Q. & Freeman, B. 2010. Morphological and genetic variation between migratory and nonmigratory Tropical Kingbirds during spring migration in central South America. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology, 122(2): 236-243.). Evidence of breeding activity is available for almost all Brazilian states (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Tyrannus savana (MPR): occurs from southern Mexico to Argentina and all of Brazil, with both resident and migratory populations, whose movement patterns are not fully understood (Mobley, 2004eMobley, J. 2004e. Tyrannus savana. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 425.). It breeds in Argentina and southern Brazil from September to February and then flies north in flocks (Sick, 1983Sick, H. 1983. Migrações de aves na América do Sul Continental (tradução: Walter A. Voss). Brasília, Cemave - Instituto Brasileiro de Desenvolvimento Florestal. (Publicação Técnica nº 2).; Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.; Cueto et al., 2008Cueto, V.R.; Lopez de Casenave, J. & Marone, L. 2008. Neotropical austral migrant landbirds: population trends and habitat use in the central Monte desert, Argentina. Condor, 110(1): 70-79.; Azpiroz et al., 2012Azpiroz, A.B.; Isacch, J.P.; Dias, R.A.; Di Giacomo, A.S.; Fontana, C.S. & Palarea, C.M. 2012. Ecology and conservation of grassland birds in southeastern South America: a review. Journal of Field Ornithology, 83(3): 217-246.). It overwinters in the Amazon, but not always does the entire population migrate. During the non-breeding season (March to September), individuals of meridional populations invade areas of the sedentary septentrional populations. This species migrates in flocks that use different pathways to fly to and from the Amazon Basin, where they gather by the hundreds or even thousands (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). Three pairs captured in their breeding territory in Argentina and monitored by geolocators bred from late November to mid-January, started fall migration between late January and late February, and then migrated to the northwest, heading to northern South America and using one or two wintering grounds. Five individuals stayed in the western Amazon (mainly in Peru, northwestern Brazil and southern Colombia) for several weeks in April and May before flying to spend the rest of the non-breeding season in central Venezuela and northern Brazil. Fall migration lasted between 7 and 12 weeks and covered a distance of 2,888 to 4,105 km (Jahn et al., 2013bJahn, A.E.; Levey, D.J.; Cueto, V.R.; Ledezma, J.P.; Tuero, D.T.; Fox, J.W. & Masson, D. 2013b. Long-distance bird migration within South America revealed by light-level geolocators. Auk, 130(2): 223-229.). According to photographic records and banding data, it occurs in the southeastern and southern regions of Brazil only from September to March, when it breeds (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.; SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). According to the literature, in the Amazonian region, it occurs all year round but it is but it is represented by both resident and migratory individuals (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). It has been recently discovered through geolocation data that individuals breeding in SP overwinter mainly in Colombia and Venezuela (Jahn et al., 2016Jahn, A.E.; Seavy, N.E.; Bejarana, V.; Guzmán, M.B.; Provinciato, I.C.C.; Pizo, M.A. & MacPherson, M. 2016. Intra-tropical migration and wintering areas of Fork-tailed Flycatchers (Tyrannus savana) breeding in São Paulo, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 24(2): 116-121.).

Griseotyrannus aurantioatrocristatus (MPR): breeds in temperate zones in Argentina and migrates during austral winter to hotter, more humid latitudes in South America (Cueto et al., 2008Cueto, V.R.; Lopez de Casenave, J. & Marone, L. 2008. Neotropical austral migrant landbirds: population trends and habitat use in the central Monte desert, Argentina. Condor, 110(1): 70-79.). Part of its population is migratory and part is resident (Jahn et al., 2004Jahn, A.E.; Levey, D.J. & Smith, K.G. 2004. Reflections across hemispheres: a system-wide approach to new world bird migration. Auk, 121(4): 1005-1013.). The nominotypical subspecies breeds in northern and eastern Bolivia, central-western and southern Brazil, northern and central Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay; is migratory and flies mainly to western Amazonia. During the non-breeding season, it is recorded in northeastern Peru, eastern Ecuador, southeastern Colombia, Brazil - in AC, RO, AM and PA -, extreme southern Venezuela and southern Guyana. The subspecies G. a. pallidiventris occurs from eastern PA to MA and PI and in GO (Mobley, 2004gMobley, J. 2004g. Griseotyrannus aurantioatrocristatus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 416.) and is sedentary. In Brazil, photographic records showing evidence of breeding activity are scarce and they are restricted to the period between October and December in BA, GO, MG, SP (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) and RS (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.). Occurrence records and banding data show its presence in central-western, southeastern and southern regions between September and January, while in the Amazonian region it can be observed throughout the year (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), probably due to the existence of a resident population and a seasonal increment of migratory individuals.

Empidonomus varius (MPR): occurs in almost the entire continent of South America (except in the Andes and extreme south of the continent), and is migratory in the west and south of its distribution (Fitzpatrick, 2004Fitzpatrick, J.W. 2004. Family Tyrannidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 170-463.). In Brazil, two subspecies occur: E. v. rufino, in Venezuela, Guianas, northern and eastern Brazil; and E. v. varius, in Bolivia, central and southern Brazil, northern Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay, which seems to be migratory (Mobley, 2004hMobley, J. 2004h. Empidonomus varius. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 416.). Photographic records show evidence of breeding activity in the Amazonian region and in the northeastern, southeastern and southern regions from October to February (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). This, alongside banding data, shows its presence all year round in the northern region (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
). In Caatinga regions in Northeast Brazil, its occurrence may be related to the rainy season, when there is a larger concentration of individuals between December and June. This pattern should be studied further. In the central-western, southeastern and southern regions, the species occurs mainly between September and April (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP), as already stated in the literature for SP (Aleixo & Galetti, 1997Aleixo, A. & Galetti, M. 1997. The conservation of the avifauna in a lowland Atlantic forest in south-east Brazil. Bird Conservation International, 7: 235-261.; Willis, 2004Willis, E.O. 2004. Birds of a habitat spectrum in the Itirapina savanna, São Paulo, Brazil (1982-2003). Brazilian Journal of Biology, 64(4): 901-910.; Antunes et al., 2013Antunes, A.Z.; Silva, B.G.; Matsukuma, C.K.; Eston, M.R. & Santos, A.M.R. 2013. Aves do Parque Estadual Carlos Botelho, SP. Biota Neotropica, 13(2): 124-140.) and RS (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.). It seems to fly to the northern region during winter (Sick, 1983Sick, H. 1983. Migrações de aves na América do Sul Continental (tradução: Walter A. Voss). Brasília, Cemave - Instituto Brasileiro de Desenvolvimento Florestal. (Publicação Técnica nº 2).), where the resident population receives an increment of migrant individuals.

Myiophobus fasciatus (MPR): occurs from Costa Rica to northeastern Argentina, and is recorded in all of Brazil. It is resident, but there are migratory populations in the south of its distribution (Farnsworth & Lebbin, 2004eFarnsworth, A. & Lebbin, D. 2004e. Myiophobus fasciatus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 348.). In Brazil, it breeds in RS (Maurício et al., 2013Maurício, G.N.; Bencke, G.A.; Repenning, M.; Borges-Machado, D.; Dias, R.A. & Bugoni, L. 2013. Review of the breeding status of birds in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 103(2): 163-184.), where it is considered migratory (Accordi & Hartz, 2013Accordi, I.A. & Hartz, S.M. 2013. Aves em um mosaico de ambientes costeiros no sul do Brasil. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 172: 49-59.). Banding data and photographic records show its presence in this state between September and April, and only two individuals were banded outside of this period (one in May and another in June). In all other states the species is present all year round (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Sublegatus modestus (MPR): migratory in the south of its distribution. Populations that breed in Argentina migrate to the Amazon during winter (Robbins, 2004Robbins, M. 2004. Suiriri islerorum. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 276.; Cueto et al., 2008Cueto, V.R.; Lopez de Casenave, J. & Marone, L. 2008. Neotropical austral migrant landbirds: population trends and habitat use in the central Monte desert, Argentina. Condor, 110(1): 70-79.; Capllonch et al., 2009Capllonch, P.; Ortiz, D. & Soria, K. 2009. Migraciones de especies de Tyrannidae de la Argentina: Parte 2. Acta Zoológica Lilloana, 53(1-2): 77-79.). Records for RS are restricted to the western region and are centered in the summer from October to February with evidence of breeding activity (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.), despite a specific record in June (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). Photographic records and banding data are pretty scarce for the Amazon Basin (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), but they are restricted to the period between April and August in AC, RO, AP and the Amazonian region in MT, which confirms the migratory pattern suggested in the literature (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). It is still not securely known if the Amazonian populations are exclusively composed of austral migrants (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.) or if there is a resident population in there. Studies with this species in this region are necessary.

Pyrocephalus rubinus (MPR): occurs from southern USA to south-central South America, and it is migratory in most of its distribution. It breeds in southeastern Bolivia, Paraguay, northern Argentina, Uruguay and southeastern and southern Brazil, and it overwinters mainly east of the Andes north to as far as southeastern Colombia, eastern Ecuador, northeastern Peru and the Brazilian Amazon (Fitzpatrick, 1980Fitzpatrick, J.W. 1980. Wintering of North American Tyrant Flycatchers in the Neotropics. In: Keast, A. & Norton, E.S. (Eds.). Migrant Birds in the Neotropics: ecology, behaviour, distribution and conservation. Washington, Smithsonian Institution Press. p. 67-78.; Sick, 1983Sick, H. 1983. Migrações de aves na América do Sul Continental (tradução: Walter A. Voss). Brasília, Cemave - Instituto Brasileiro de Desenvolvimento Florestal. (Publicação Técnica nº 2).; Jahn et al., 2004Jahn, A.E.; Levey, D.J. & Smith, K.G. 2004. Reflections across hemispheres: a system-wide approach to new world bird migration. Auk, 121(4): 1005-1013.; Farnsworth & Lebbin, 2004fFarnsworth, A. & Lebbin, D. 2004f. Pyrocephalus rubinus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 374.). In other areas, it moves altitudinally (Fitzpatrick, 2004Fitzpatrick, J.W. 2004. Family Tyrannidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 170-463.). Adults from the population that breeds in Argentina depart to Ecuador and Colombia immediately after breeding, while the young remain for three more months and depart only when winter is near, in late April. Populations from southern Brazil migrate during winter and invade areas from resident populations in Central Brazil and in the Amazon (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). The species breeds in RS (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.; Maurício et al., 2013Maurício, G.N.; Bencke, G.A.; Repenning, M.; Borges-Machado, D.; Dias, R.A. & Bugoni, L. 2013. Review of the breeding status of birds in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 103(2): 163-184.) and PR (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). Photographic records show its presence all year round in almost the entire Brazilian territory, except for the Northeast, where there are records only for BA between May and November (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). In RS, records are also distributed in the entire year, but they are scarce from May to July (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Fluvicola albiventer (MPR): breeds from northern central and eastern Brazil to eastern Bolivia, Paraguay, northern Argentina and western Uruguay. It occurs as a winter migrant in the western Brazilian Amazon, southeastern Peru, northern Bolivia. There are few records for northeastern Peru and is also vagrant in Ecuador (Farnsworth & Langham, 2004bFarnsworth, A. & Langham, G.M. 2004b. Fluvicola albiventer. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions, p. 388.). In Brazil, according to photographic records (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) and banding data (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
), the species seems to be resident in the Southeast and Northeast regions. Records are scarce in the south of the country and they seem to be centered in the period between July and December for the Amazonian region, even though in AM it was also recorded in January and February (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP; MPEG). Its seasonality in the Amazon was important for its classification as partially migratory, but moving patterns are not well defined and further studies are necessary.

Lathrotriccus euleri (MPR): occurs in Venezuela, Colombia, Guianas, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay and the entire Brazil. It is mainly resident, but populations from the south migrate north during winter (Farnsworth & Lebbin, 2004gFarnsworth, A. & Lebbin, D. 2004g. Lathrotriccus euleri. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 354.) in July, and return in January (Joseph, 1996Joseph, L. 1996. Preliminary climatic overview of migration patterns in South American austral migrant passerines. Ecotropica, 2(2): 185-193.). According to photographic records, the species is present in the Southeast and Central-West regions all year round and records are scattered along the year without an apparent pattern. In the South (PR, SC and RS), the species vanishes during winter, especially in June and July (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). In RS, data from band recovery suggests fidelity to site and period (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.).

Hymenops perspicillatus (MPR): occurs in Chile, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Bolivia and Brazil. It is resident in part of southern Brazil, but migratory in the southeast, moving north during winter (Farnsworth & Lebbin, 2004hFarnsworth, A. & Lebbin, D.J. 2004h. Hymenops perspicillatus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 375.) and remaining in the breeding area only in the hotter months of the year (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). This species is recorded all year round for RS and SC (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), which indicate that it is resident in these states (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.). However, records for PR, SP, RJ, MS and MT are restricted to the period between April and November (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Vireonidae

Vireo chivi (MPR): breeds between late September and early April in central western and southern Peru, Brazil - in BA, GO, MT, RJ, SP, PR, SC and RS (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) -, west-central Paraguay and northern Argentina as far as Buenos Aires, between 15°S and 36°S (Capllonch & Wagner, 2009Capllonch, P. & Wagner, E.M. 2009. Vireo olivaceus chivi y V. o. diversus (Vireonidae): distribución y migración. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 17(3-4): 204-209.; Brewer & Orenstein, 2010Brewer, D. & Orenstein, R.I. 2010. Species accounts of Family Vireonidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 15: Weavers to New World Warblers. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 378-439.). In SP, records are restricted to the period between September and March (Aleixo & Galetti, 1997Aleixo, A. & Galetti, M. 1997. The conservation of the avifauna in a lowland Atlantic forest in south-east Brazil. Bird Conservation International, 7: 235-261.; Machado, 1997Machado, C.G. 1997. Vireo olivaceus (Vireonidae): uma espécie migratória nos bandos mistos de aves na Mata Atlântica do sudeste brasileiro. Ararajuba, 5(1): 60-62.; Willis, 2004Willis, E.O. 2004. Birds of a habitat spectrum in the Itirapina savanna, São Paulo, Brazil (1982-2003). Brazilian Journal of Biology, 64(4): 901-910.; Antunes et al., 2013Antunes, A.Z.; Silva, B.G.; Matsukuma, C.K.; Eston, M.R. & Santos, A.M.R. 2013. Aves do Parque Estadual Carlos Botelho, SP. Biota Neotropica, 13(2): 124-140.; MZUSP), as well as in PR (Vallejos et al., 2011Vallejos, M.A.V.; Lanzer, M.; Silva, M.A.; Meijer, A.A.R.; Carrano, E. & Straube, F.C. 2011. Parque Regional do Iguaçu e adjacências. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 292-297.; MZUSP), the Pantanal (Nunes & Tomas, 2008Nunes, A.P. & Tomas, W.M. 2008. Aves migratórias e nômades ocorrentes no Pantanal. EMBRAPA Pantanal.), and MS (Nunes et al., 2011Nunes, A.P.; Tizianel, F.A.T. & Tomas, W.M. 2011. Pantanal Sul: sub-regiões Nhecolândia e Paiaguás. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 199-204.). In PE, records are centered in the period between October and February (W. Telino-Júnior, pers. obs.), while in SE it has been recorded only in December (Ruiz-Esparza et al., 2011Ruiz-Esparza, J.; Rocha, P.A.; Ruiz-Esparza, D.P.B.; Ribeiro, A.D.S. & Ferrari, S.F. 2011. Migratory birds in the semi-arid Caatinga scrublands of northeastern Brazil: diversity and seasonal patterns. Ornitologia Neotropical, 22: 15-24.). For RS, there are records between September and May (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.) and for RJ all year round, but it is usually silent between April and August as it follows mixed-species flocks (J.F. Pacheco, pers. obs.). After breeding, it moves to the Amazon and southern Venezuela, where it remains during austral winter (Capllonch & Wagner, 2009Capllonch, P. & Wagner, E.M. 2009. Vireo olivaceus chivi y V. o. diversus (Vireonidae): distribución y migración. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 17(3-4): 204-209.; Brewer & Orenstein, 2010). Its wintering areas are little known, but there are reports for Jaraguá/GO and Chapada dos Guimarães/MT (Capllonch & Wagner, 2009Capllonch, P. & Wagner, E.M. 2009. Vireo olivaceus chivi y V. o. diversus (Vireonidae): distribución y migración. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 17(3-4): 204-209.).

Hirundinidae

Stelgidopteryx ruficollis (MPR): occurs from Costa Rica to northeastern Argentina; it seems to be resident in the north and migratory in the south of its distribution, forming large flocks after the breeding season (Turner, 2004Turner, A.K. 2004. Family Hirundinidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 602-685.). The only subspecies in Brazil, S. r. ruficollis, occurs in southeastern Colombia, eastern Venezuela, Guianas and Brazil to eastern Peru, Bolivia, northern and northeastern Argentina and Uruguay. It has been recorded in Colombia and Suriname during the non-breeding season and it seems to also occur in neighboring countries. However, its distribution during the non-breeding season is still unknown (Turner, 2016bTurner, A. 2016b. Southern Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/57727 . Access in: 19/10/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/57727...
). This species seems to occur in tropical, hot, humid lowlands during winter in the Southern Hemisphere and fly between breeding areas in January, and non-breeding areas in July (Joseph, 1996Joseph, L. 1996. Preliminary climatic overview of migration patterns in South American austral migrant passerines. Ecotropica, 2(2): 185-193.). In Brazil, according to photographic records and banding data, it is resident in almost the entire national territory, except for RS (Accordi & Hartz, 2013Accordi, I.A. & Hartz, S.M. 2013. Aves em um mosaico de ambientes costeiros no sul do Brasil. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 172: 49-59.) and SC, from where it vanishes in June and July (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Progne tapera (MPR): the nominotypical subspecies is resident and occurs from northern South America and Central America to the Amazonian region and northeastern Brazil. The subspecies P. t. fusca is migratory; breeds in eastern Bolivia, Argentina, southeastern and southern central Brazil; and migrates to northern South America and Panama. It gathers in large flocks of hundreds or thousands of individuals after the breeding season, and eventually joins other swallows (Turner, 2004Turner, A.K. 2004. Family Hirundinidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 602-685.). These populations reach Central America usually in large numbers, where they join resident populations of P. t. tapera (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). In Brazil, there is evidence of breeding activity in BA, MS, GO, MG, RJ, SP, PR, SC (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) and RS (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.; Maurício et al., 2013Maurício, G.N.; Bencke, G.A.; Repenning, M.; Borges-Machado, D.; Dias, R.A. & Bugoni, L. 2013. Review of the breeding status of birds in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 103(2): 163-184.). In RS, it is considered an austral migrant (Accordi & Hartz, 2013Accordi, I.A. & Hartz, S.M. 2013. Aves em um mosaico de ambientes costeiros no sul do Brasil. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 172: 49-59.) - present from September to May (Belton, 1985) -, as well as in SC (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). In the region of Camaçari/BA, both subspecies were recorded between May and August, and one individual of P. t. fusca banded in Camaçari in May was recovered in Serra do Caraça/MG in December, probably returning from the north (Vasconcelos et al., 2003Vasconcelos, M.F.; Lima, P.C.; Santos, S.S. & Lima, R.C.F.R. 2003. Ocorrência migratória de Progne tapera fusca (Passeriformes: Hirundinidae) na região da Serra do Caraça, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Ararajuba, 11(2): 221-222.).

Progne chalybea (MPR): occurs from Mexico to northern Argentina and exhibits a migratory pattern in the south part of its distribution (Turner, 2004Turner, A.K. 2004. Family Hirundinidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 602-685.), where it is represented by the subspecies P. c. macrorhamphus (Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.). It begins nesting in RJ and MT in August-September, and departs from southern and central Brazil in the fall (March-May), when it migrates to the north of the continent, where there is a resident Amazonian population (P. c. chalybea). Large flocks have been recorded in ES (February), AM (July) and MT (October) (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). In RS, it breeds from October to December (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.; Maurício et al., 2013Maurício, G.N.; Bencke, G.A.; Repenning, M.; Borges-Machado, D.; Dias, R.A. & Bugoni, L. 2013. Review of the breeding status of birds in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 103(2): 163-184.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) where it is considered migratory (Accordi & Hartz, 2013Accordi, I.A. & Hartz, S.M. 2013. Aves em um mosaico de ambientes costeiros no sul do Brasil. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 172: 49-59.). According to photographic records, there is also evidence of breeding activity in the Amazon and in the Southeast and South regions. In addition, it is present in SP, PR, SC and RS all year round (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), which suggests a need for further studies to confirm if only part of its population is migratory.

Petrochelidon pyrrhonota (MPR): breeds in North America between late April and early August, and remains during boreal winter in South America, gathering in flocks that can reach thousands of birds. Individuals depart from their colonies between July and September, reach South America between October and December and return between February and April (Turner, 2004Turner, A.K. 2004. Family Hirundinidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 602-685.). Specimens banded as chicks in the USA in June were recovered in SC and SP in Brazil in January (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.), which confirms that the Southeast and South regions of Brazil are wintering areas. In Brasília/DF, it is extremely localized when passing through to the south in early October (Antas, 1987Antas, P.T.Z. 1987. Migração de aves no Brasil. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 2º, 1986, Rio de Janeiro. Anais. Rio de Janeiro, Editora da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. p. 153-187.). In the region of Itirapina/SP, it has been recorded from late October to November, including in large numbers (around 850 individuals) in 1992 (Willis, 2004Willis, E.O. 2004. Birds of a habitat spectrum in the Itirapina savanna, São Paulo, Brazil (1982-2003). Brazilian Journal of Biology, 64(4): 901-910.). In RS, it has been recorded from September to April (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.), and there seems to be a recently established breeding population in the southeast of the Pampas in South America (Azpiroz et al., 2012Azpiroz, A.B.; Isacch, J.P.; Dias, R.A.; Di Giacomo, A.S.; Fontana, C.S. & Palarea, C.M. 2012. Ecology and conservation of grassland birds in southeastern South America: a review. Journal of Field Ornithology, 83(3): 217-246.). Photographic records in Brazil are centered in the period between October and April (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), which confirms the known migratory pattern.

Turdidae

Turdus amaurochalinus (MPR): occurs in Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, central and northern Argentina, Chile, Uruguay and almost all of Brazil (Collar & Juana, 2015Collar, N. & de Juana, E. 2015. Creamy-bellied Thrush (Turdus amaurochalinus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/58290 . Access in: 02/04/2015.
www.hbw.com/node/58290...
), but with few records for the Amazon. During austral winter, many individuals fly northwards, and flocks fly over RJ in late April and early May, reaching MA and eastern PA (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.) mainly between June and October. The large number of individuals of this species in the southeast coast of Brazil between June and July may be because of immigrants coming from regions further south (Collar & Juana, 2015Collar, N. & de Juana, E. 2015. Creamy-bellied Thrush (Turdus amaurochalinus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/58290 . Access in: 02/04/2015.
www.hbw.com/node/58290...
). During migration, a large number of individuals from southern population cross the marshes east of Tucumán and west of Santiago del Estero in Argentina to Bolivia and Peru between May and June. Another part of the migration occurs east going up along the Atlantic coast to northeastern Brazil. The return migration in spring starts in October in northern Argentina. There is a population that is supposed to be resident in the convergence zone of the Paraná and Uruguay Rivers, in a large region of deltas and marshes in the provinces of Entre Ríos and Buenos Aires (Capllonch et al., 2008Capllonch, P.; Ortiz, D. & Soria, K. 2008. Migración del Zorzal común Turdus amaurochalinus (Turdidae) en Argentina. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 16(1): 12-22.). The species breed in multiple localities - CE, MS, GO, MG, RJ, SP, PR, RS - in Brazil (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; Maurício et al., 2013Maurício, G.N.; Bencke, G.A.; Repenning, M.; Borges-Machado, D.; Dias, R.A. & Bugoni, L. 2013. Review of the breeding status of birds in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 103(2): 163-184.). Photographic and museum records document its presence mainly from September to January in southeastern and southern regions, while in central-western and northeastern Brazil they seem to be irregularly spread throughout the year (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP; MNRJ; MPEG). Although these records do not suggest a migratory pattern probably due to the coexistence of resident and migratory populations, banding and recovery data confirms is movement between the south of the country and RJ in January and June respectively (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
).

Turdus subalaris (MPR): occurs in Paraguay, Argentina and central-western, southeastern and southern regions of Brazil (Collar, 2016Collar, N. 2016. Slaty Thrush (Turdus nigriceps). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/58292 . Access in: 08/11/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/58292...
). The cis-andean population is migratory, breeds in southern Brazil, Argentina and the border with Paraguay, and seems to overwinter in the eastern part of the Cerrado/Amazon transition, flying over Brasília/DF between September and October (Antas & Valle, 1987Antas, P.T.Z. & Valle, M.P. 1987. Dados preliminares sobre Turdus nigriceps no Distrito Federal. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 2º. Anais. Rio de Janeiro, Editora UFRJ, 1986. 213p.; Ferreira & Bagno, 2000Ferreira, A.A. & Bagno, M.A. 2000. Período de permanência de Turdus nigriceps Seebohm, 1887 (Aves, Passeriformes, Turdinae) no Distrito Federal. Ararajuba, 8(1): 45-47.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). In addition, there are records for PA (Somenzari et al., 2011Somenzari, M.; Silveira, L.F.; Piacentini, V.Q.; Rego, M.A.; Schunck, F. & Cavarzere, V. 2011. Birds of an Amazonia-Cerrado ecotone in southern Pará, Brazil, and the efficiency of associating multiple methods in avifaunal inventories. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 19(2): 260-275.), TO (Pinheiro et al., 2008Pinheiro, R.T.; Dornas, T.; Reis, E.S.; Barbosa, M.O. & Rodello, D. 2008. Birds of the urban area of Palmas, TO: composition and conservation. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 16(4): 339-347.), RJ (Pacheco et al., 2010Pacheco, J.F.; Astor, I.N.C. & Bauer, C. 2010. Avifauna da Reserva Biológica de Poço das Antas, Silva Jardim, RJ. Atualidades Ornitológicas On-line, 157: 55-74.), MT, GO, BA, MG, SP, PR, SC and RS (Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.). In SC and RS, it has been recorded in large numbers from September to April and there is also evidence of breeding activity (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.; Maurício et al., 2013Maurício, G.N.; Bencke, G.A.; Repenning, M.; Borges-Machado, D.; Dias, R.A. & Bugoni, L. 2013. Review of the breeding status of birds in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 103(2): 163-184.). Museum records are centered in the period of April-September in the states of PA, TO, MT, GO, BA, SP and SC (MZUSP; MPEG).

Motacillidae

Anthus correndera (MPR): occurs in Peru, Chile, Bolivia, Argentina, Uruguay and southern Brazil. The Brazilian subspecies A. c. correndera occurs in southern Paraguay, northern Argentina, Uruguay and extreme southern Brazil (Tyler, 2004Tyler, S.J. 2004. Family Moticillidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 744-784.). In Brazil, there are records for RS throughout the year, where it breeds (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.; Maurício et al., 2013Maurício, G.N.; Bencke, G.A.; Repenning, M.; Borges-Machado, D.; Dias, R.A. & Bugoni, L. 2013. Review of the breeding status of birds in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 103(2): 163-184.), and for SC in June, September and October (Azevedo & Ghizoni-Jr., 2005Azevedo, M.A.G. & Ghizoni-Jr., I.R. 2005. Novos registros de aves para o Estado de Santa Catarina, sul do Brasil. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 126: 9-12.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Thraupidae

Tangara peruviana (MPR): is endemic to southern and southeastern Brazil in the Atlantic Forest. During austral winter, it migrates to RJ and ES (Hilty, 2011Hilty, S.L. 2011. Family Thraupidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. p. 46-329.), as corroborated by photographic records (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) and banding data (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
). Records for these states are centered in the period between April and September, while those for SP, PR and SC are in all months of the year, which suggests that part of the population is resident. Sparse records in May, August and September for RS and one localized record for BA in July seem to confirm the austral migration. In addition, there is also evidence of breeding activity in SP and PR (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Tersina viridis (MPR): occurs from Panama to eastern Brazil and northeastern Argentina, represented by resident populations as well as migratory populations that move short distances. Populations from the extreme south of the distribution (northern Argentina and southern Brazil) are migratory and fly north during austral winter (Hilty, 2011Hilty, S.L. 2011. Family Thraupidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. p. 46-329.). In Brazil, it is present in RS only between September and April (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.) and there are records of breeding activity in lowland Atlantic Forest areas in SP between September and March, which suggests that the species leaves this region between April and August (Aleixo & Galetti, 1997Aleixo, A. & Galetti, M. 1997. The conservation of the avifauna in a lowland Atlantic forest in south-east Brazil. Bird Conservation International, 7: 235-261.). Groups of 100 individuals or more have been reported between March and August in MG (Hilty, 2011Hilty, S.L. 2011. Family Thraupidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. p. 46-329.). In the region of Garanhuns/PE, the species can be observed from May to September, which coincides with mistletoe fructification (W. Telino-Júnior, pers. obs.) and with the hypothesis of migration north during austral winter. In the region of Alter do Chão/PA, it is recorded only during the rainy season between January and June (Sanaiotti & Cintra, 2001Sanaiotti, T.M. & Cintra, R. 2001. Breeding and migrating birds in an Amazonian savanna. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 36(1): 23-32.). Photographic records (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) and banding data (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
) do not confirm such patterns available in the literature, but in GO, MG, SP, PR, SC and RS the species presents breeding activity (September-December) related to the elevation: most records (78% or 18 out of 23) are from localities with an elevation of over 600 m. Breeding data from lower elevations need to be confirmed by the respective authors, because they may have been obtained in areas that are higher than the altitude of the center of the municipality (which is the available coordinate). The same altitudinal pattern has been observed for most of the young (72% or 8 out of 11) remaining over 600 m even though their records were more dispersed during the year. In the Amazon, its presence seems to be distributed in the months of the year, which suggests a pattern of regular occurrence, even though there are no records of breeding activity (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). This way, the species was classified as partially migratory due to its tendency of altitudinal restriction in breeding activity of the Atlantic Forest population and it needs to be studied further.

Dacnis nigripes (MPR): is endemic to Brazil and occurs in coastal areas in the southeast from BA to SC. It is an altitudinal migrant that can roam widely in its distribution (Hilty, 2011Hilty, S.L. 2011. Family Thraupidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. p. 46-329.) as reported for the region of Magé/RJ (Gonzaga, 1983Gonzaga, L.P. 1983. Notas sobre Dacnis nigripes Pelzeln, 1856 (Aves, Coerebidae). Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 63: 45-58.), where flocks were recorded at sea level during winter (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). Photographic records of breeding activity are restricted to the period between November and February in localities over 600 m high in SP, which suggests that the species tends to occupy higher elevations during the breeding season and that it moves to lower areas in all other months (from March to October). However, this pattern is not observed in other states in which the species occurs, perhaps as a reflection of poor sampling. In RJ, records are centered in the period between March and September (MPEG; MNRJ; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) without an apparent altitudinal pattern. In SC and RS, records have elevations lower than 400 m and are centered in the period between June and January (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Sporophila lineola (MPR): occurs in Bolivia, Paraguay, northern Argentina and Brazil and there are two different populations. The first one occurs in the south and nests in southeastern Brazil, northern Argentina and Paraguay between November and February, crosses through Central Brazil and Eastern Bolivia and reaches central and western Amazonia, Peru, Ecuador, and Colombia between May-June and September-October. The other breeds in the Caatinga region between January and May-June, migrates to the region of the Llanos in Venezuela and the Guianas through eastern PA and Suriname from June to December, apparently determined by the rainfall regime. Despite these patterns, the species is recorded during almost the entire year in central and western Amazonia (Silva, 1995Silva, J.M.C. 1995. Seasonal distribution of the Lined Seedeater Sporophila lineola. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 115(1): 14-21., 1999Silva, J.M.C. 1999. Seasonal movements and conservation of seedeaters of the genus Sporophila in South America. Studies in Avian Biology, 19: 272-280.; D’Angelo-Neto & Vasconcelos, 2007D’Angelo-Neto, S. & Vasconcelos, M.F. 2007. Distribuição geográfica de duas populações migratórias do bigodinho, Sporophila lineola (Linnaeus, 1758), em Minas Gerais, Brasil. Ornithologia, 2(1): 25-27.) and it is not clear whether this is a resident population or individuals from different populations that visit this area at different times (Jaramillo & Kirwan, 2015Jaramillo, A. & Kirwan, G.M. 2015. Lined Seedeater (Sporophila lineola). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/62117 . Access in: 18/07/2015.
www.hbw.com/node/62117...
). Photographic records are distributed in all months of the year (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). The migratory pattern in the Caatinga is corroborated by data from WikiAves: records are centered in the period between December and June. In RS, the few available records are centered in the period between December and May (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) and there is evidence of breeding activity (Maurício et al., 2013Maurício, G.N.; Bencke, G.A.; Repenning, M.; Borges-Machado, D.; Dias, R.A. & Bugoni, L. 2013. Review of the breeding status of birds in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 103(2): 163-184.). There is also a possibility that there is a resident population in the Amazon, so the species was classified as partially migratory and further studies are necessary to confirm these patterns.

Sporophila caerulescens (MPR): occurs in Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina, Uruguay and almost all of Brazil. Its movement pattern is not fully understood. Some populations are resident, while the ones further south of its distribution migrate north during winter and are recorded only seasonally in some areas such as eastern Peru and Central Brazil (Jaramillo, 2011aJaramillo, A. 2011a. Sporophila caerulescens. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 654.). In Argentina, large numbers of males are captured alone in November and December. It has been suggested that they leave first for winter migration north in February, since only females and their young that had yet to molt into full adult plumage were observed in the end of summer and beginning of fall. Populations from northeastern and northwestern Argentina are also peculiar: they migrate in different directions and for different distances (Ortiz & Capllonch, 2007Ortiz, D. & Capllonch, P. 2007. Distribución y migración de Sporophila c. caerulescens en Sudamérica. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 15(3): 377-385.). In Brazil, the species flies over the Pantanal when moving from the south to the north of the country especially in April, as well as when returning south in September (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). However, photographic records for the Pantanal show its presence in MT between May and December and in MS from April to November and in February (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). In RS, most individuals seem to disappear during winter (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.). There is evidence of breeding activity between September and May and it is restricted to GO and other states from the Southeast and South (Belton, 1985; Maurício et al., 2013Maurício, G.N.; Bencke, G.A.; Repenning, M.; Borges-Machado, D.; Dias, R.A. & Bugoni, L. 2013. Review of the breeding status of birds in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 103(2): 163-184.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), which suggests that the species is partially migratory. Further studies are still necessary to fully comprehend its movements.

Sporophila bouvreuil (MPR): occurs in Suriname and Brazil, from AP to northeastern SP (Machado & Silveira, 2010Machado, E. & Silveira, L.F. 2010. Geographical and seasonal distributions of the seedeaters Sporophila bouvreuil and Sporophila pileata (Aves: Emberizidae). Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, 50(32): 517-533.). It is resident in most of its distribution, but migratory in the south (Rising, 2011Rising, J.D. 2011. Family Emberizidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 428-683.). Populations that breed in the Amazon seem to fly to the Cerrado or Caatinga, where they join resident populations that breed in these dominions and probably migrate only short distances. In the Atlantic Forest, part of the population is resident and remains all year round in this biome (Machado & Silveira, 2010Machado, E. & Silveira, L.F. 2010. Geographical and seasonal distributions of the seedeaters Sporophila bouvreuil and Sporophila pileata (Aves: Emberizidae). Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, 50(32): 517-533.). This species has been observed as part of flocks of over 1,000 individuals foraging in pastures in the Araguaia River Basin in southeastern PA, as reported in mid-September 2009, 2010 and 2013 (Cavarzere et al., 2015Cavarzere, V.; Del-Rio, G.C.; Schunck, F.; Piacentini, V.Q.; Rêgo, M.A.; Somenzari, M.; Silveira, L.F. 2015. Wintering Sporophila seedeaters in an Amazonian-Cerrado ecotone in central Brazil. Cotinga, 37: 57-58.).

Sporophila hypoxantha (MPR): occurs in eastern Bolivia, Paraguay, northeastern Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil (Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.). Four populations were recently identified based on vocalizations (dialects): two of them are resident, one is partially migratory, and another completely migratory. It moves between Corrientes and Entre Ríos in Argentina and southern Brazil, where it breeds from mid-October/November to March/April (Areta & Repenning, 2011Areta, J.I. & Repenning, M. 2011. Systematics of the Tawny-Bellied Seedeater (Sporophila hypoxantha): geographic variation, ecology, and evolution of vocalizations. Condor, 113(3): 664-677.). The movement pattern of this species in Brazil is not fully understood, but it is known that populations move to the north and center of its distribution (SP, MG, GO, MT and MS) after the breeding season, where they join other Sporophila species (Machado, 2009Machado, E. 2009. Sporophila hypoxantha Cabanis, 1851, Passeriformes, Emberizidae. In: Bressan, P.M.; Kierulff, M.C.M. & Sugieda, A.M. (Eds.). Fauna ameaçada de extinção no Estado de São Paulo: vertebrados. São Paulo, Fundação Parque Zoológico de São Paulo, Secretaria do Meio Ambiente. p. 259.). This species has been observed in interspecific flocks together with their Amazonian and Central Brazilian congeners (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.), and composing mixed flocks - mainly represented by Sporophila bouvreuil - foraging in pastures in the Araguaia River basin in southeastern PA in mid-September 2009, 2010 and 2013 (Cavarzere et al., 2015Cavarzere, V.; Del-Rio, G.C.; Schunck, F.; Piacentini, V.Q.; Rêgo, M.A.; Somenzari, M.; Silveira, L.F. 2015. Wintering Sporophila seedeaters in an Amazonian-Cerrado ecotone in central Brazil. Cotinga, 37: 57-58.). The most northern limit of its wintering grounds is southeastern PA (Somenzari et al., 2011Somenzari, M.; Silveira, L.F.; Piacentini, V.Q.; Rego, M.A.; Schunck, F. & Cavarzere, V. 2011. Birds of an Amazonia-Cerrado ecotone in southern Pará, Brazil, and the efficiency of associating multiple methods in avifaunal inventories. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 19(2): 260-275.) and TO (Dornas et al., 2013Dornas, T.; Pacheco, J.F. & Olmos, F. 2013. Ocorrência de caboclinhos austrais (Emberizidae, Sporophila sp.) no Cerrado Norte, Brasil: extensão da distribuição geográfica e implicações para conservação. Atualidades Ornitológicas On-line, 176: 58-63.). In PR, it performs migratory movements and there are more individuals during spring and summer, even though there are other resident individuals all year round in this state (Straube et al., 2004Straube, F.C.; Urben-Filho, A. & Kajiwara, D. 2004. Aves. In: Mikich, S.B. & Bérnils, R.S. (Orgs.). Livro vermelho da fauna ameaçada no Estado do Paraná. Curitiba, Instituto Ambiental do Paraná.), as well as breeding populations. Banding data shows the species in SC from November to March, and in RS in December and January (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
), but there is also evidence of breeding activity in April and November (Belton, 1985Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.).

Sporophila ruficollis (MPR): occurs in northern and eastern Bolivia, western and central Paraguay, northern Argentina, northern and western Uruguay and Brazil (Jaramillo, 2011bJaramillo, A. 2011b. Sporophila ruficollis. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 659.). It arrives on the breeding site in late November and remains there until December; a large part of the population overwinters in the Cerrado in MT and in other hotter, more humid regions on the continent (Jaramillo, 2011bJaramillo, A. 2011b. Sporophila ruficollis. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 659.; Azpiroz et al., 2012Azpiroz, A.B.; Isacch, J.P.; Dias, R.A.; Di Giacomo, A.S.; Fontana, C.S. & Palarea, C.M. 2012. Ecology and conservation of grassland birds in southeastern South America: a review. Journal of Field Ornithology, 83(3): 217-246.). In Brazil, it breeds only in a restricted area on the western border of RS (FZBRS, 2013Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul (FZBRS). 2013. Revisão da Lista das Espécies da Fauna Silvestre Ameaçadas de Extinção no Rio Grande do Sul. Consulta Pública. Available at: Available at: www.fzb.rs.gov.br/upload/1396360907_fauna_ameacada.pdf . FZBRS e SEMA/RS. Access in: 17/06/2015.
www.fzb.rs.gov.br/upload/1396360907_faun...
). It has been observed in interspecific flocks together with their Amazonian and Central Brazilian congeners (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.) and composing mixed flocks - mainly represented by Sporophila bouvreuil - foraging in pastures in the Araguaia River basin in southeastern PA in mid-September 2009, 2010 and 2013 (Cavarzere et al., 2015Cavarzere, V.; Del-Rio, G.C.; Schunck, F.; Piacentini, V.Q.; Rêgo, M.A.; Somenzari, M.; Silveira, L.F. 2015. Wintering Sporophila seedeaters in an Amazonian-Cerrado ecotone in central Brazil. Cotinga, 37: 57-58.). For southeastern PA and southern TO, there are also records in July, August and September (Somenzari et al., 2011Somenzari, M.; Silveira, L.F.; Piacentini, V.Q.; Rego, M.A.; Schunck, F. & Cavarzere, V. 2011. Birds of an Amazonia-Cerrado ecotone in southern Pará, Brazil, and the efficiency of associating multiple methods in avifaunal inventories. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 19(2): 260-275.; Dornas et al., 2013Dornas, T.; Pacheco, J.F. & Olmos, F. 2013. Ocorrência de caboclinhos austrais (Emberizidae, Sporophila sp.) no Cerrado Norte, Brasil: extensão da distribuição geográfica e implicações para conservação. Atualidades Ornitológicas On-line, 176: 58-63.; MZUSP). Photographic records show a sparse presence of this species for AM, RO, MT, MS, GO, ES, SP, PR and RS between August and April (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP; MPEG), and also an influx of individuals that come from outside Brazil in the winter (FZBRS, 2013Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul (FZBRS). 2013. Revisão da Lista das Espécies da Fauna Silvestre Ameaçadas de Extinção no Rio Grande do Sul. Consulta Pública. Available at: Available at: www.fzb.rs.gov.br/upload/1396360907_fauna_ameacada.pdf . FZBRS e SEMA/RS. Access in: 17/06/2015.
www.fzb.rs.gov.br/upload/1396360907_faun...
). Records for AM in September and November contradict the migratory pattern described in the literature, since the species is expected to be restricted to its breeding area (RS) during this time, which allows us to assume the existence of a resident population for this species. Because of this, further studies are necessary to unveil its movements and properly delimit its breeding grounds.

Cardinalidae

Cyanoloxia glaucocaerulea (MPR): breeds south of the Tropic of Capricorn in the South and Southeast regions of Brazil, northeastern Argentina, and northern, eastern and western Uruguay (Brewer, 2011Brewer, D. 2011. Family Cardinalidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 402-427.), and migrates north during winter (Chesser, 1994Chesser, R.T. 1994. Migration in South America: an overview of the austral system. Bird Conservation International, 4(2-3): 91-107.). In Brazil, it occurs in MS and from SP to RS (Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.). In SC, PR and RS, it is present all year round, but in MT (Pelzeln, 1870Pelzeln, A. 1870. Zur ornithologie brasiliens. Resultate von Johann Natterers reisen in den jahren 1817 bis 1835. Dargestellt von Johann Natterer. Wien, Druck Verlag a Pichler’s Witwe & Sohn.), MS, MG (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; MZUSP), GO, ES (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) and RJ (Mallet-Rodrigues, 2003Mallet-Rodrigues, F. 2003. Registro documentado do azulinho (Passerina glaucocaerulea) no Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 113: 3.), records are restricted to the winter between May and October. In SP, although there are records in February, April and November, most records are centered in the winter (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), which confirms its migratory pattern.

Vagrant species accounts (VAG)

Anatidae

Chloephaga picta (VAG): occurs from central Chile and Argentina to Tierra del Fuego and the Malvinas/Falklands. It is migratory in the south of its distribution and reaches northern Buenos Aires Province in Argentina and exceptionally Uruguay during austral winter (Carboneras, 1992). During winter it reaches the Pampas in southern Brazil (Azpiroz et al., 2012Azpiroz, A.B.; Isacch, J.P.; Dias, R.A.; Di Giacomo, A.S.; Fontana, C.S. & Palarea, C.M. 2012. Ecology and conservation of grassland birds in southeastern South America: a review. Journal of Field Ornithology, 83(3): 217-246.), where it is considered vagrant and has been recorded in the Lagoa do Peixe National Park in Rio Grande do Sul (RS) (Bencke & Souza, 2013Bencke, G.A. & Souza, F.J. 2013. Upland Goose Chloephaga picta (Anseriformes, Anatidae): first Brazilian record. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 21(4): 292-294.).

Anas acuta (VAG): occurs in Nearctic and Palearctic regions, and overwinters in tropical and subtropical areas of the Northern Hemisphere. It breeds mainly in Canada, Alaska, northern USA, Siberia, Russia and Scandinavia, and overwinters south as far as in northern South America, southern Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa, and southern and southeastern Asia (Carboneras, 1992). In Brazil, it is considered vagrant and there are only a few records in Fernando de Noronha/Pernambuco (PE) (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; Silva-e-Silva & Olmos, 2006Silva-e-Silva, R. & Olmos, F. 2006. Noteworthy bird records from Fernando de Noronha, northeastern Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 14(4): 470-473.; Burgos & Olmos, 2013Burgos, K. & Olmos, F. 2013. First record of Corncrake Crex crex (Rallidae) for South America. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 21(3): 205-208.) and exceptionally in Rio de Janeiro (RJ) (Nacinovic, 1991Nacinovic, J.B. 1991. Primeiro registro de Anas acuta Linnaeus, 1758 e Anas versicolor Vieillot, 1816 no sudeste do Brasil. In: Congresso Brasileiro de Zoologia, 18º. Resumos. Salvador, UFBa. p. 374.).

Anas cyanoptera (VAG): occurs in central western North America, Colombia, from Peru to Tierra del Fuego, and in Brazil. Populations that are more meridional fly to lower latitudes in the winter (Carboneras, 1992). The subspecies A. c. cyanoptera occurs from southern Peru to Tierra del Fuego, on the Malvinas/Falklands, and in southwestern, central-western and southern Brazil, but there are only few documented records in MS in July (Nunes et al., 2008Nunes, A.P.; Silva, P.A. & Tomas, W.M. 2008. Novos registros de aves para o Pantanal, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 16(2): 160-164.) and in RS (Belton, 1994Belton, W. 1994. Aves do Rio Grande do Sul: distribuição e biologia. São Leopoldo, Editora da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.), where there is also a recent photograph taken in the estuary of Lagoa dos Patos in August 2009 (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Podicipedidae

Podiceps occipitalis (VAG): occurs in patches from Colombia to southern Peru and continuously from northern Chile to southern South America, occurring sparsely through southern and southeastern Brazil (Llimona & del Hoyo, 1992Llimona, F. & del Hoyo, J. 1992. Family Podicipedidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 174-196.). The subspecies P. o. occipitalis occurs from north-central Chile and Argentina south as far as Tierra del Fuego and Malvinas/Falklands. In Brazil, there are sparse records of vagrant individuals for Santa Catarina (SC), Paraná (PR) (Bornschein et al., 2004Bornschein, M.R.; Maurício, G.N. & Sobânia, R.L.M. 2004. First records of the Silvery Grebe Podiceps occipitalis Garnot, 1826 in Brazil in Brazil. Ararajuba, 12(1): 61-63.) and São Paulo (SP) (Schunck, 2007Schunck, F. 2007. Primeiros registros documentados de Podiceps occipitalis Garnot, 1826 e de Fulica leucoptera Vieillot, 1817 para o estado de São Paulo. In: Congresso Brasileiro de Ornitologia, 15º. Livro de Resumos. Porto Alegre, SOB. p. 73.).

Phoenicopteridae

Phoenicoparrus andinus (VAG): occurs in southern Peru, Bolivia, northern Chile, northwestern Argentina and occasionally in southern Brazil (Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.). Ghizoni-Jr. & Piacentini (2010Ghizoni-Jr., I.R. & Piacentini, V.Q. 2010. The Andean Flamingo Phoenicoparrus andinus (Philippi, 1854) in southern Brazil: is it a vagrant? Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 18(3): 263-266.) suggest that it occurs in Brazil as a result of juvenile dispersal or of storms and that it is more common during winter. In the Canto dos Ganchos beach in Governador Celso Ramos/SC, a small population was detected and then monitored for 27 months (June 2008 to August 2010) and a specimen was collected in July 2009 (MZUSP 84351). There are also many photographs for SC (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), a specimen collected at PR (Scherer-Neto et al., 2011Scherer-Neto, P.; Straube, F.C.; Carrano, E. & Urben-Filho, A. 2011. Lista das aves do Paraná: edição comemorativa do “Centenário da Ornitologia do Paraná. Curitiba, Hori Consultoria Ambiental.) and records for Lagoa do Peixe National Park/RS (Belton, 1994Belton, W. 1994. Aves do Rio Grande do Sul: distribuição e biologia. São Leopoldo, Editora da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.; IBAMA, 1999Instituto Brasileiro de Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis (IBAMA). 1999. Plano de Manejo do Parque Nacional da Lagoa do Peixe. Brasília, Instituto Nacional do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis.; De Luca et al., 2006De Luca, A.; Develey, P.F. & Olmos, F. 2006. Final report, waterbirds in Brazil. São Paulo, SAVE Brasil.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). This species was first recorded for the Amazonian region in 2007, when an individual was killed by fishermen in the Amanã Sustainable Development Reserve and donated to the Mamirauá Institute (Bernadon & Valsecchi, 2014Bernadon, B. & Valsecchi, J. 2014. First record of the Andean Flamingo in the Brazilian Amazon. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(3): 285-287.). There do not seem to be breeding colonies in Brazil.

Phoenicoparrus jamesi (VAG): occurs in southern Peru, northern Chile, western Bolivia and northwestern Argentina (Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.). It is considered vagrant in Brazil, where there is only one published record for Acre (AC) (Guilherme et al., 2005Guilherme, E.; Aleixo, A.; Guimarães, J.O.; Dias, P.R.F.; Amaral, P.P.; Zamora, L.M. & Souza, M.S. 2005. Primeiro registro de Phoenicoparrus jamesi (Aves, Phoenicopteriformes) para o Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 13(2): 212-214.; MPEG 58950), one photographic record for RS (Dias & Cardozo, 2014Dias, R.A. & Cardozo, J.B. 2014. First record of the Puna Flamingo Phoenicoparrus jamesi (Sclater, 1886) (Aves: Phoenicopteridae) for the Atlantic coast of South America. Check List, 10(5): 1150-1151.) and another record for Amazonas (AM) (M. Cohn-Haft, in prep.).

Spheniscidae

Aptenodytes patagonicus (VAG): occurs on the Malvinas/Falklands and South Georgia, from Marion Island east to Macquarie (Martínez, 1992Martínez, I. 1992. Family Spheniscidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 140-161.). The subspecies A. p. patagonicus breeds on the Malvinas/Falklands and South Georgia, and it is considered vagrant in Brazil, where there are records for RJ and RS (Mohr, 2004Mohr, L.V. 2004. Novo registro do pingüim-rei Aptenodytes patagonicus para o Brasil. Ararajuba, 12(1): 78-79.; Barquete et al., 2006Barquete, V.; Bugoni, L.; Silva-Filho, R.P. & Adornes, A.C. 2006. Review of records and notes on King Penguin (Aptenodytes patagonicus) and Rockhopper Penguin (Eudyptes chrysocome) in Brazil. Hornero, 21(1): 45-48.).

Eudyptes chrysolophus (VAG): occurs on the South Atlantic and South Indian oceans, mainly on subantarctic islands, but it also breeds in small numbers south of the Antarctica Peninsula (Martínez, 1992Martínez, I. 1992. Family Spheniscidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 140-161.; Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.). There are occasional records in southern Brazil in the mouth of the Chuí River/RS in July 1964 that were associated with the collection of a voucher specimen (Belton, 1984Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.; MZUSP 60062).

Eudyptes chrysocome (VAG): occurs in Cape Horn, Malvinas/Falklands, Prince Edward Island to the Antipodes in the South Atlantic Ocean (from Tristan da Cunha to Gough Islands), and in the South Indian Ocean (in St. Paul and Amsterdam Islands) (Martínez, 1992Martínez, I. 1992. Family Spheniscidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 140-161.). The subspecies E. c. chrysocome breeds in Tierra del Fuego and adjacent islands (Ildefonso and Diego Ramírez), and in Malvinas/Falklands. In Brazil, it is considered vagrant and occurs occasionally in RS (Belton, 1994Belton, W. 1994. Aves do Rio Grande do Sul: distribuição e biologia. São Leopoldo, Editora da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.; Barquete et al., 2006Barquete, V.; Bugoni, L.; Silva-Filho, R.P. & Adornes, A.C. 2006. Review of records and notes on King Penguin (Aptenodytes patagonicus) and Rockhopper Penguin (Eudyptes chrysocome) in Brazil. Hornero, 21(1): 45-48.) with one specimen collected in July (MNRJ 33381).

Diomedeidae

Phoebetria fusca (VAG): occurs on the South Atlantic and South Indian oceans. It breeds from Tristan da Cunha and Gough Islands east to Kerguelen, Amsterdam and St. Paul Islands (Carboneras, 1992; Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.). In the Brazilian coast, there are records for RS (Bencke, 2001Bencke, G.A. 2001. Lista de referência das aves do Rio Grande do Sul. Porto Alegre, Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul.), SP (Olmos et al., 1995Olmos, F.; Martuscelli, P.; Silva, R.S. & Neves, T.S. 1995. The seabirds of São Paulo, southeastern Brazil. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 115(2): 117-128.; MZUSP 37152 [SP, 1954, August]), RJ (MNRJ A1749 [RJ, 1994, December] and Bahia (BA) (Lima et al., 2004cLima, P.C.; Grantsau, R.; Lima, R.C.F.R. & Santos, S.S. 2004c. Occurrence and mortality of seabirds along the Northern Coast of Bahia, and the identification key of the Procellariiformes Order and the Stercorariidae Family. Cetrel S.A. Salvador, Cetrel. 63p. (Relatório Técnico). Available at: www.ao.com.br/download/seabirds.pdf.
www.ao.com.br/download/seabirds.pdf...
).

Phoebetria palpebrata (VAG): has a circumpolar occurrence in the oceans of the Southern Hemisphere, and breeds from South Georgia Island east to Campbell Island and the Antipodes (Carboneras, 1992; Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.). On the Brazilian coast, there are records for RS (Belton, 1994Belton, W. 1994. Aves do Rio Grande do Sul: distribuição e biologia. São Leopoldo, Editora da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.; Bencke et al., 2010Bencke, G.A.; Dias, R.A.; Bugoni, L.; Agne, C.E.; Fontana, C.S.; Maurício, G.N. & Machado, D.B. 2010. Revisão e atualização da lista das aves do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 100(4): 519-556.), SC (Roos & Piacentini, 2003Roos, A.L. & Piacentini, V.Q. 2003. Revisão dos registros sul-brasileiros do gênero Phoebetria Reichenbach, 1853 e primeiro registro documentado de Phoebetria palpebrata (Forster, 1785) (Procellariiformes: Diomedeidae) para Santa Catarina. Ararajuba, 11(2): 223-225.; MZUSP 75196 [SC, 2001, November]), RJ (Corrêa & Pereira, 2016Corrêa, G.V.V. & Pereira, G.A. 2016. Documented record of the Light-mantled Albatross Phoebetria palpebrata (Foster, 1785) from southeastern Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Biology, 76(3): 808-809. DOI) and BA (Sampaio & Castro, 1998Sampaio, C.L.S. & Castro, J.O. 1998. Registros de Phoebetria palpebrata (Foster, 1785) no litoral da Bahia, Nordeste do Brasil (Procellariiformes: Diomedeidae). Ararajuba, 6(2): 136-137.; MZUSP 102477 [BA, 1997, August]). It is considered vagrant in Brazil and occurs in really small numbers, representing a marginal population.

Thalassarche chrysostoma (VAG): has a circumpolar distribution in the southern seas and breeds from Cape Horn east to Campbell Island (Carboneras, 1992; Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.). It disperses widely throughout the Southern Hemisphere between 65°S and 35°S, but it can reach 15°S in the region of the Humboldt Current (Carboneras, 1992). There are few confirmed records for Brazil: due to the constant confusion with the more abundant T. chlororhynchos, only the specimens of T. chrysostoma that have been collected in SP (Olmos et al., 1995Olmos, F.; Martuscelli, P.; Silva, R.S. & Neves, T.S. 1995. The seabirds of São Paulo, southeastern Brazil. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 115(2): 117-128.; MZUSP) and RJ (Teixeira et al., 1985Teixeira, D.M.; Nacinovic, J.B. & Novelli, R. 1985. Notes on some Brazilian seabirds. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 105(1): 49-51.; MNRJ) were considered confirmed records of the species in the country (Bencke et al., 2010Bencke, G.A.; Dias, R.A.; Bugoni, L.; Agne, C.E.; Fontana, C.S.; Maurício, G.N. & Machado, D.B. 2010. Revisão e atualização da lista das aves do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 100(4): 519-556.).

Procellariidae

Lugensa brevirostris (VAG): occurs on southern seas and breeds on Tristan da Cunha, Gough, Prince Edward, Crozet and Kerguelen Islands; it is highly dispersive and also occurs on Antarctic and Subantarctic waters as far as 40°S in latitude (Carboneras, 1992). In Brazil, it is considered vagrant and there are occasional records for RS, RJ and BA (Maurício et al., 2014Maurício, G.N.; Barreto, J. & Bugoni, L. 2014. The Kerguelen Petrel Lugensa brevirostris in the Southwestern Atlantic Ocean, with notes on osteology- and plumage-based identification. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(1): 42-48.; MZUSP 101821 [BA, 1994, July]).

[Pterodroma hasitata] (VAG): breeds in Cuba and Hispaniola, and probably in Jamaica, Guadeloupe, Dominica and Martinique. Its oceanic distribution is little known, but this species flies mainly north through the West Atlantic to southern Canada. It exceptionally reaches British and Spanish waters and Trindade Island in Brazil (Carboneras, 1992). There are no documented records of this species in Brazil.

Pterodroma lessonii (VAG): occurs on Southern seas in the New Zealand region, on Macquarie, Auckland and Antipodes Islands, in the South Indian Ocean on Crozet and Kerguelen Islands. The species moves widely throughout the South Atlantic above 30°S in latitude and probably performs circumpolar flights (Carboneras, 1992; Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.). It is considered vagrant in Brazil, and there are occasional records for SC and RS (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; Azevedo & Wedekin, 2000Azevedo, T.R. & Wedekin, L.L. 2000. O grazina-de-cabeça-branca (Pterodroma lessonii, Procellariidae) em Santa Catarina. In: Straube, F.C.; Argel-de-Oliveira, M.M. & Candido Jr., J.F. Ornitologia brasileira no século XX. Curitiba, Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina. p. 224-225. (Congresso Brasileiro de Ornitologia, 8º . Resumos).).

Pterodroma macroptera (VAG): occurs in New Zealand on the subantarctic islands of Tristan da Cunha, Kerguelen and in Australia. It moves widely through the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, mainly between latitudes 25°S and 50°S. There are recent records for the South America coast for Uruguay and RS (Carboneras, 1992). In Brazil, it is considered vagrant and there are records in its territorial sea (Harris & Hansen, 1974Harris, M.P. & Hansen, L. 1974. Seabird transects between Europe and Rio Plate, South America, in autumn 1973. Dansk Ornitologisk Forenings Tidsskrift, 68(3-4): 117-137.); one female was collected in RS in March 2004 (Bugoni, 2006Bugoni, L. 2006. Great-winged Petrel Pterodroma macroptera in Brazil. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 126(1): 52-54.).

Halobaena caerulea (VAG): occurs in Southern Seas, on subantarctic islands from Diego Ramírez, Cape Horn and South Georgia Island east through islands on the Indian Ocean to Macquarie Island (Carboneras, 1992; Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.). Even though they can forage over 1,000 km from breeding sites, adults are probably sedentary, while the young are more dispersive (Carboneras, 1992). It occurs occasionally on the coast of the southern and southeastern regions of Brazil, and there are records for BA, RJ and RS (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; Fonseca et al., 2001Fonseca, V.S.S.; Petry, M.V. & Fonseca, F.L.S. 2001. Ocorrência de petrel-azul (Halobaena caerulea) no litoral do Brasil. Ornitologia Neotropical, 12(4): 355-356.; Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.; MNRJ [RJ, 1984, July]).

Pachyptila vittata (VAG): occurs in New Zealand, Chatham Islands and Tristan da Cunha, Gough and South Georgia Islands (Carboneras, 1992; Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.). Adults remain in areas adjacent to their breeding colony and the young are highly dispersive (Carboneras, 1992). It occurs quite rarely in Brazil, where there are records for PE (Rodrigues et al., 2007Rodrigues, R.C.; Araújo, H.F.P.; Lyra-Neves, R.M.; Telino-Júnior, W.R.; Botelho, M.C.N. 2007. Caracterização da avifauna na Área de Proteção Ambiental de Guadalupe, Pernambuco. Ornithologia, 2(1): 47-61.), RJ (Alves & Vecchi, 2009Alves, M.A.S. & Vecchi, M.B. 2009. Birds of Ilha Grande, state of Rio de Janeiro, Southeastern Brazil. Check List, 5(2): 300-313.), BA and RS (Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.), so it is considered vagrant. Pachyptila desolata was considered a subspecies of P. vittata (e.g.,Newman, 1983Newman, K. 1983. Birds of Southern Africa. Macmillan.), therefore some of the Brazilian records are probably of P. desolata.

Procellaria cinerea (VAG): occurs on Southern seas and breeds from Tristan da Cunha and Gough Islands east through the South Indian Ocean to Campbell Islands and the Antipodes (Carboneras, 1992; Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.). It circulates through the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans, especially between latitudes 25°S and 58°S, but it can be observed as far as 18°S on the west coast of South America (Carboneras, 1992). In Brazil, it occurs from the southern coast, which includes RS (Belton, 1994Belton, W. 1994. Aves do Rio Grande do Sul: distribuição e biologia. São Leopoldo, Editora da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.), to northern BA (Lima et al., 2004cLima, P.C.; Grantsau, R.; Lima, R.C.F.R. & Santos, S.S. 2004c. Occurrence and mortality of seabirds along the Northern Coast of Bahia, and the identification key of the Procellariiformes Order and the Stercorariidae Family. Cetrel S.A. Salvador, Cetrel. 63p. (Relatório Técnico). Available at: www.ao.com.br/download/seabirds.pdf.
www.ao.com.br/download/seabirds.pdf...
; Bencke et al., 2010Bencke, G.A.; Dias, R.A.; Bugoni, L.; Agne, C.E.; Fontana, C.S.; Maurício, G.N. & Machado, D.B. 2010. Revisão e atualização da lista das aves do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 100(4): 519-556.; Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.), where it is considered vagrant.

Puffinus tenuirostris (VAG): breeds in Australia and Tasmania and circulates through the Pacific Ocean (Carboneras, 1992; Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.). In Brazil, it has been recorded once for Salvador/BA at the Stella Maris beach in 2005 (Souto et al., 2008Souto, L.R.A.; Maia-Nogueira, R. & Bressan, D.C. 2008. Primeiro registro de Puffinus tenuirostris (Temminck, 1835) para o Oceano Atlântico. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 16(1): 64-66.; MZUSP 102489). This was the first documented record of this species for the Atlantic.

[Puffinus assimilis] (VAG): occurs on Southern seas and tropical and subtropical zones of the Northern Hemisphere. Most of its population is sedentary, but some individuals disperse, mainly the immature (Carboneras, 1992). In Brazil, there are records for its territorial sea (Harris & Hansen, 1974Harris, M.P. & Hansen, L. 1974. Seabird transects between Europe and Rio Plate, South America, in autumn 1973. Dansk Ornitologisk Forenings Tidsskrift, 68(3-4): 117-137.), but these are occasional and not documented.

Hydrobatidae

Pelagodroma marina (VAG): occurs on Savage Islands, Cape Verde, and Tristan da Cunha, and possibly Gough, Kermadec, Australia and New Zealand; some populations have migratory behavior and others disperse (Carboneras, 1992). In Brazil, there is only one record of a specimen in Mangue Seco/BA in 1996 (Lima et al., 2001bLima, P.C.; Grantsau, R.; Lima, R.C.F.R. & Santos, S.S. 2001b. Notas sobre os registros brasileiros de Calonectris edwardsii (Oustalet, 1883) e Pelagodroma marina hypoleuca (Moquin-Tandon, 1841) e primeiro registro de Phalacrocorax bransfieldensis Murphy, 1936 para o Brasil. Ararajuba, 10(2): 261-277.).

[Oceanodroma castro] (VAG): occurs in the eastern Atlantic Ocean from Berlengas to Azores, Ascension and Saint Helena, in the Pacific Ocean and in Galápagos. Part of the population is sedentary and another part is highly dispersive. Although it has been mentioned for RJ (Carboneras, 1992), Fernando de Noronha/PE (IBAMA, 2005Instituto Brasileiro de Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis (IBAMA). 2005. Plano de Manejo da Área de Proteção Ambiental de Fernando de Noronha - Rocas - São Pedro e São Paulo.) and Atol das Rocas/Rio Grande do Norte (RN), (Schulz-Neto, 2004Schulz-Neto, A. 2004. Aves marinhas do Atol das Rocas. In: Branco, J.O. (Org.). Aves Marinhas e Insulares Brasileiras (Bioecologia e Conservação). Itajaí, Ed. Univali. p. 169-192.), its occurrence in Brazil is not documented. Alleged historic records for the Brazilian coast may derive from its confusion with O. leucorhoa (J.F. Pacheco, pers. obs.).

Pelecanoididae

Pelecanoides magellani (VAG): occurs on the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans in extreme southern South America and breeds on the coast of Chile and Tierra del Fuego (Carboneras, 1992; Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.). It seems to be sedentary and to disperse to some extent to adjacent coastal waters (Carboneras, 1992). In Brazil, there is only one record for RS (Vooren & Fernandes, 1989Vooren, C.M. & Fernandes, A.C. 1989. Guia de albatrozes e petréis do sul do Brasil. Porto Alegre, Sagra.).

Phaethontidae

Phaethon rubricauda (VAG): occurs in the eastern and western Indian Ocean and in the central, western and southern Pacific Ocean. Its migration is irregular. Some adults can be observed near breeding colonies all year round. Populations from the south may perform transequatorial migrations quite regularly, as they follow warm currents to the east coast of the continents (Orta, 1992aOrta, J. 1992a. Family Phaethontidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 280-289.). The species occurs occasionally in Brazil and is considered vagrant: there is only one record in the Abrolhos Archipelago/BA (Couto et al., 2001Couto, G.S.; Interaminense, L.J.L. & Morette, M.E. 2001. Primeiro registro de Phaethon rubricauda Boddaert, 1783 para o Brasil. Nattereria, 2: 24-25.).

Sulidae

Morus capensis (VAG): breeds on the coast of southern Africa and in Namibia. It overwinters along the African coast west to the Gulf of Guinea, in eastern Mozambique, and exceptionally as far as Kenya. Most adult individuals remain in the waters close to the colony after breeding. Young individuals migrate north to the Gulf of Guinea (Carboneras, 1992). The species occurs occasionally in Brazil outside the coast of RS (Vooren, 2004Vooren, C.M. 2004. The first two records of Sula capensis in Brazil. Ararajuba, 12(1): 76-77.) and SC (Olmos, 1997Olmos, F. 1997. Seabird flocks attending bottom long-line fishing off southeastern Brazil. Ibis, 139(4): 685-691.).

Morus serrator (VAG): breeds in the east coast of Australia, Tasmania and New Zealand and there is also a small colony on Norfolk Island. It overwinters in waters adjacent to the east coast and in western Australia. Adults remain in areas around the colony, while immature individuals are more dispersive (Carboneras, 1992). There is only one documented record in the country for the Moleques do Sul Islands/SC (Bege & Pauli, 1989Bege, L.A. & Pauli, B.T. 1989. As Aves das Ilhas Moleques do Sul - Santa Catarina - Aspectos da Ecologia, etologia e anilhamento das aves marinhas. Florianópolis, FATMA.; MNRJ 36164 [SC, 1987, June]).

Phalacrocoracidae

[Leucocarbo bransfieldensis] (VAG): occurs in the Antarctic Peninsula and on South Shetland Islands (Orta, 1992bOrta, J. 1992b. Family Phalacrocoracidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 326-353.). In Brazil, its only record is of a band found in BA that belonged to an individual banded on the South Shetland Islands in Antarctica (Lima et al., 2001bLima, P.C.; Grantsau, R.; Lima, R.C.F.R. & Santos, S.S. 2001b. Notas sobre os registros brasileiros de Calonectris edwardsii (Oustalet, 1883) e Pelagodroma marina hypoleuca (Moquin-Tandon, 1841) e primeiro registro de Phalacrocorax bransfieldensis Murphy, 1936 para o Brasil. Ararajuba, 10(2): 261-277.).

Pelecanidae

Pelecanus occidentalis (VAG): occurs on the coast of the American continent on the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, wandering north as far as British Columbia and Nova Scotia in Canada and south as far as Tierra del Fuego (Elliott, 1992Elliott, A. 1992. Family Pelecanidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 290-311.). During its migration south, it can reach inland rivers in AM - the Tapajós and Branco Rivers (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). It has been recorded for the Amazônia National Park (AM and PA) in January (Kasecker & Silva, 2011Kasecker, T. & Silva, J.M.C. 2011. Parque Nacional da Amazônia. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 92-95.), PA in November (Almeida-Santos et al., 2015Almeida-Santos, D.A.; Ferreira, G.S. & Lopes, E.V. 2015. New record of the brown pelican Pelecanus occidentalis in continental waters of the Brazilian Eastern Amazon. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 23(3): 351-353.) and December (MPEG 443) and AL in December (Patrial et al., 2011Patrial, L.W.; Pessoa, A.S.P. & Pereira, G.A. 2011. Primeiro registro do pelicano-peruano Pelecanus thagus no Brasil e registro documentado do pelicano-pardo P. occidentalis na costa leste brasileira. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 19(4): 539-540.).

Ardeidae

Ardeola ralloides (VAG): occurs in southwestern and central Europe, northwestern Africa east to the Aral Sea and southeastern Iran. Some populations from the north winter in the Mediterranean and the Middle East, but its main wintering area is in tropical Sub-Saharan Africa (Martínez-Vilalta & Motis, 1992Martínez-Vilalta, A. & Motis, A. 1992. Family Ardeidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 376-429.). The species occurs accidentally in Azores, Cape Verde, Seychelles and Brazil (Bonan, 2014Bonan, A. 2014. Ardeola ralloides. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/species/squacco-heron-ardeola-ralloides . Access in: 24/02/2014.
www.hbw.com/species/squacco-heron-ardeol...
). The relatively frequent record of the species in Fernando de Noronha/PE since 1986 is considered accidental (Martínez-Vilalta & Motis, 1992Martínez-Vilalta, A. & Motis, A. 1992. Family Ardeidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 376-429.), even though the simultaneous presence of multiple individuals represent an unexpected case of transatlantic movement and may be the first step in establishing a local population (Silva-e-Silva & Olmos, 2006Silva-e-Silva, R. & Olmos, F. 2006. Noteworthy bird records from Fernando de Noronha, northeastern Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 14(4): 470-473.). Since 2008, there are 30 photographic records for Fernando de Noronha (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Ardea cinerea (VAG): occurs in most of the Palearctic region (Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.). Records in Fernando de Noronha/PE show its presence in small numbers for almost six years during the first decade of 2000 (Silva-e-Silva & Olmos, 2006Silva-e-Silva, R. & Olmos, F. 2006. Noteworthy bird records from Fernando de Noronha, northeastern Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 14(4): 470-473.) and it was also recorded for PA (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.), but it still is considered vagrant in Brazil (Martínez-Vilalta & Motis, 1992Martínez-Vilalta, A. & Motis, A. 1992. Family Ardeidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 376-429.). There is also one photographic record for Fernando de Noronha in September 2013 (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

[Ardea purpurea] (VAG): occurs in the western Palearctic region, in northern Africa and in Cape Verde. It is occasionally recorded for Brazil (Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.) mainly based on an immature sighted in Fernando de Noronha/PE (Nacinovic & Teixeira, 1987Nacinovic, J.B. & Teixeira, D.M. 1987. Sobre a ocorrência de Ardea purpurea (Linnaeus, 1758) e Ardeola ralloides (Scopoli, 1607) no Brasil (Ciconiiformes, Ardeidae). In: Congresso Brasileiro de Zoologia, 14º. Resumos. Juiz de Fora, Sociedade Brasileira de Zoologia. p. 147.), but there is still no documented proof.

Egretta gularis (VAG): occurs in Africa and it is a textbook example of a transoceanic vagrant recorded for Fernando de Noronha/PE in two separate occasions in 1996 and 2004 (Silva-e-Silva & Olmos, 2006Silva-e-Silva, R. & Olmos, F. 2006. Noteworthy bird records from Fernando de Noronha, northeastern Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 14(4): 470-473.) and in the Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago in 2006. Both individuals recorded in this last place remained there healthy and feeding for at least eight months from February to September (Fedrizzi et al., 2007Fedrizzi, C.E.; Carlos, C.J.; Vaske Jr., T.; Bugoni, L.; Viana, D. & Véras, D.P. 2007. Western Reef-Heron Egretta gularis in Brazil (Ciconiiformes: Ardeidae). Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 15(3): 481-483.). There is also an additional photographic record for Fernando de Noronha in December 2006 (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Egretta garzetta (VAG): occurs in France and Spain, from Africa to Korea and Japan in Asia and in northern and eastern Australia and New Zealand (Martínez-Vilalta & Motis, 1992Martínez-Vilalta, A. & Motis, A. 1992. Family Ardeidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 376-429.). Its occurrence in Brazil is occasional and was documented for the first time for the Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago, BA (Bencke et al., 2005Bencke, G.A.; Ott, P.; Moreno, I.; Tavares, M. & Caon, G. 2005. Old World birds new to the Brazilian territory recorded in the Archipelago of São Pedro and São Paulo, equatorial Atlantic Ocean. Ararajuba, 13(1): 126-129.).

Cathartidae

[Vultur gryphus] (VAG): occurs in the Andes from Venezuela to Tierra del Fuego, and at sea level in Peru and Chile (Houston, 1994Houston, D. 1994. Vultur gryphus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the birds of the world, Vol. 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 40.). In Brazil, there are only two old, occasional and undocumented records: on the Jauru River/Mato Grosso (MT) and western PR (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.).

Accipitridae

Milvus migrans (VAG): occurs in almost the entire Old Word and Australasia, and the nominotypical subspecies is highly migratory. It breeds in continental Europe, northwestern Africa and western Asia, and overwinters mainly south of the Sahara in Africa (Ferguson-Lees & Christie, 2001Ferguson-Lees, J. & Christie, D.A. 2001. Raptors of the World. Boston, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.). Vagrant individuals have been recorded in New Zealand and on Hawaiian islands in the Pacific. One adult individual was recently recorded in the Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago, 1,100 km away from the Brazilian coast, between April 16th and May 17th 2014, probably by following winds from northwestern Africa (Nunes et al., 2015Nunes, G.T.; Hoffmann, L.S.; Macena, B.C.L.; Bencke, G.A. & Bugoni, L. 2015. A Black Kite Milvus migrans on the Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 23(1): 31-35.) that are tangent to the main flyway used by this species when moving between the wintering and breeding areas in western Europe (Sergio et al., 2014Sergio, F.; Tanferna, A.; De Stephanis, R.; Jiménez, L.L.; Blas, J.; Tavecchia, G.; Preatoni, D. & Hiraldo, F. 2014. Individual improvements and selective mortality shape lifelong migratory performance. Nature, 515(7527): 410-413.).

[Geranoaetus polyosoma] (VAG): occurs from central Andes in Colombia to Patagonia, Tierra del Fuego, Malvinas/Falklands and Juan Fernández Islands on the coast of Chile (Bierregaard, 1994Bierregaard Jr., R.O. 1994. Geranoaetus polyosoma. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. 183.). During austral winter, birds from the Chilean Andes and from Patagonia fly north to subtropical plains in northern and eastern Argentina, Paraguay and perhaps Uruguay (Thiollay, 1994Thiollay, J.M. 1994. Family Accipitridae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 52-205.). In Brazil, there are few records: none is documented and only one has a specific locality on Cabo Frio Island in Arraial do Cabo/RJ (Pacheco, 2005Pacheco, J.F. 2005. Ocorrência acidental de Buteo polyosoma (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) na Ilha de Cabo Frio, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Ararajuba, 12(2): 168-169.).

Rallidae

Crex crex (VAG): occurs in western and northwestern Europe east to northwestern China and central Siberia. It breeds in a large part of Europe and overwinters in southern central Africa (Taylor, 1996Taylor, P.B. 1996. Family Rallidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 108-209.). In Brazil, this species is vagrant and there is only one documented record for Fernando de Noronha/PE (Burgos & Olmos, 2013Burgos, K. & Olmos, F. 2013. First record of Corncrake Crex crex (Rallidae) for South America. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 21(3): 205-208.).

Gallinula angulata (VAG): occurs in Senegal and Gambia east to Ethiopia and south to northern and eastern Namibia, Botswana and northeastern South Africa (Taylor, 1996Taylor, P.B. 1996. Family Rallidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 108-209.). In Brazil, there is only one record of an immature individual collected in the Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago. This is the first record for the New World and possibly the first documented case of transoceanic vagrancy in this species (Bencke et al., 2005Bencke, G.A.; Ott, P.; Moreno, I.; Tavares, M. & Caon, G. 2005. Old World birds new to the Brazilian territory recorded in the Archipelago of São Pedro and São Paulo, equatorial Atlantic Ocean. Ararajuba, 13(1): 126-129.).

Scolopacidae

Limosa lapponica (VAG): breeds in the Arctic and migrates to the coast of Africa, Asia and Oceania in the non-breeding season (van Gils & Wiersma, 1996van Gils, J. & Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Scolopacidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 489-533.). There are sparse records for the island of Fernando de Noronha/PE since 1988 (Silva-e-Silva & Olmos, 2006Silva-e-Silva, R. & Olmos, F. 2006. Noteworthy bird records from Fernando de Noronha, northeastern Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 14(4): 470-473.) and Atol das Rocas/RN in February/March 1990 (Antas et al., 1992Antas, P.T.Z.; Filippini, A. & Azevedo-Júnior, S.M. 1992. Novos registros de Aves para o Brasil. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 6º. Anais. Pelotas, Universidade Católica de Pelotas, Educat. p. 79-80.). It was considered vagrant in the Northern Hemisphere, but has been recorded for RN in October, January, February and August (Irusta & Sagot-Martin, 2011Irusta, J.B. & Sagot-Martin, F. 2011. Complexo Litorâneo da Bacia Potiguar. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Conservation International. p. 141-145.), and for the coast of Ceará (CE) in March and November 2006 (Girão et al., 2006Girão, W.; DiCostanzo, J.; Campos, A. & Albano, C. 2006. First record of the Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica (Linnaeus, 1758) for the Brazilian mainland. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 14(4): 468-469.). There are also recent photographic records for Fernando de Noronha in September and December; for MA in January, March and April; for CE in April and from August to December; for RN in October; for AL in April; and for BA in November and December (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Numenius phaeopus (VAG): breeds in higher latitudes in Asia and Europe and spends the non-breeding season in Africa, southern Asia and Oceania (adapted from van Gils & Wiersma, 1996van Gils, J. & Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Scolopacidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 489-533.). In Fernando de Noronha/PE, some specimens were collected in 1973 by Olson (Olson, 1981Olson, S.L. 1981. Natural history of vertebrates on the Brazilian islands of the mid South Atlantic. National Geographic Society Research Reports, 13: 481-492.) and four individuals were recorded in November 2004 (Silva-e-Silva & Olmos, 2006Silva-e-Silva, R. & Olmos, F. 2006. Noteworthy bird records from Fernando de Noronha, northeastern Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 14(4): 470-473.). There are also two recent photographic records for the island from February 2015 (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Xenus cinereus (VAG): breeds in northern Europe and Siberia, overwinters in southwestern, southern and eastern Africa, and moves through the Middle East, southern Asia and Indonesia to Australia (van Gils et al., 2016dvan Gils, J.; Wiersma, P. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016d. Buff-breasted Sandpiper (Calidris subruficollis). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/53941 . Access in: 22/10/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/53941...
). In Brazil, it is considered vagrant and there are only two known records: one in Porto Seguro/BA and another in Paraty/RJ (White et al., 2006White, R.W.; Lehnhausen, B. & Kirwan, G.M. 2006. The first documented record of Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus for Brazil. Ararajuba, 14(4): 460-462.).

Calidris pugnax (VAG): breeds from northwestern Europe across the entire Siberia and overwinters in the Mediterranean, in Sub-Saharan Africa and in the Indian subcontinent (van Gils & Wiersma, 1996van Gils, J. & Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Scolopacidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 489-533.). Its occurrence in Brazil is occasional: there is one undocumented record for the Taim Ecological Station/RS in October 1985 (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; Pacheco, 2000Pacheco, J.F. 2000. O registro brasileiro de Philomachus pugnax (Charadriiformes: Scolopacidae) divulgado por Sick: autoria e elucidação de pequenas questões. Nattereria, 1: 19.) and recent records with photographic documentation for PA in October and for Minas Gerais (MG) in March (Dias et al., 2013Dias, D.F.; Rocha, R.P. & Lees, A.C. 2013. First documented record of the Ruff Philomachus pugnax (Scolopacidae) in Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 21(2): 126-128.). There is also one additional photographic record for the coast of SP (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Phalaropus fulicarius (VAG): breeds in the Arctic and overwinters mainly in western South America and western Africa (van Gils & Wiersma, 1996van Gils, J. & Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Scolopacidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 489-533.). In Brazil, there are records of an individual collected in Aripuanã/MT in March 1979 (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.) and in Joinville/SC in January 2011 (Grose & Cremer, 2011Grose, A.V. & Cremer, M.J. 2011. Novo Registro do falaropo-de-bico-grosso Phalaropus fulicarius (Aves, Charadriiformes) no Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 19(4): 552-553.).

Thinocoridae

Thinocorus rumicivorus (VAG): occurs in southwestern Ecuador, Peru, Chile, Bolivia, Argentina and Uruguay (Castro et al., 2012Castro, E.R.; Côrtes, M.C.; Navarro, L.; Galetti, M. & Morellato, P.C. 2012. Temporal variation in the abundance of two species of thrushes in relation to fruiting phenology in the Atlantic rainforest. Emu, 112(2): 137-148. DOI). It breeds in southern South America and migrates in austral winter (Azpiroz et al., 2012Azpiroz, A.B.; Isacch, J.P.; Dias, R.A.; Di Giacomo, A.S.; Fontana, C.S. & Palarea, C.M. 2012. Ecology and conservation of grassland birds in southeastern South America: a review. Journal of Field Ornithology, 83(3): 217-246.). In Brazil, one young individual was recorded for the margin of the Lagoa do Peixe/RS in April 1990 by P.T.Z. Antas (Belton, 1994Belton, W. 1994. Aves do Rio Grande do Sul: distribuição e biologia. São Leopoldo, Editora da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.), but it was not documented; and another was recorded for the coast of Ubatuba/SP in April 2012 that was documented with a photograph (Castro et al., 2012). In addition, the species was also photographed in Mostardas/RS in May 2013 and 2014 (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Glareolidae

Glareola pratincola (VAG): occurs in Europe and Africa (Maclean, 1996Maclean, G.L. 1996. Glareola pratincola. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J.(Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 381-382.). In Brazil, it is considered vagrant and there are records for Atol das Rocas/RN (Soto & Filippini, 2003Soto, J. & Filippini, A. 2003. Documentação da ocorrência da perdiz-do-mar, Glareola pratincola (Linnaeus, 1766) (Charadriiformes: Glareolidae), no Brasil. Ararajuba, 11(1): 131-145.; Schulz-Neto, 2004Schulz-Neto, A. 2004. Aves marinhas do Atol das Rocas. In: Branco, J.O. (Org.). Aves Marinhas e Insulares Brasileiras (Bioecologia e Conservação). Itajaí, Ed. Univali. p. 169-192.), and Caucaia/CE in April 2015 (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Laridae

Xema sabini (VAG): breeds in the Arctic, overwinters in the southeastern Atlantic in open sea in southwestern Africa, and in the eastern Pacific in open sea in northwestern South America (Burger & Gochfeld, 1996Burger, J. & Gochfeld, M. 1996. Family Laridae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 572-623.). The first record for Brazil was of an individual presenting a basic non-nuptial plumage at Cassino beach/RS (Parrini & Carvalho, 2009Parrini, R. & Carvalho, C.E.S. 2009. Primeiro registro de Xema sabini (Charadriiformes: Laridae) para o Brasil. Atualidades Ornitológicas On-line, 151: 53.). It was later photographed in Maranhão (MA) in 2013 (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Leucophaeus pipixcan (VAG): breeds in inland North America from British Columbia to Alberta and from Montana to Minnesota. There are also sparse populations north of the Rocky Mountains to the Great Basin. It overwinters mainly on the Pacific coast of South America as far as Chile (Burger & Gochfeld, 1996Burger, J. & Gochfeld, M. 1996. Family Laridae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 572-623.). It migrates through Mexico to the Pacific coast, where it arrives in late September to remain during boreal winter on the west coast of South America, along the coast of Ecuador to central Chile (Burger & Gochfeld, 1996Burger, J. & Gochfeld, M. 1996. Family Laridae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 572-623.; Dias et al., 2010aDias, R.A.; Agne, C.E.; Gianuca, D.; Gianuca, A.; Barcellos-Silveira, A. & Bugoni, L. 2010a. New records, distribution and status of six seabird species in Brazil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 100(4): 379-390.). In Brazil, Dias et al. (2010a) show records for Fernando de Noronha/PE, lower Japurá River/AM, south coast of SP, Trindade Island/Espírito Santo (ES), and multiple municipalities in RS. There are also documented records for Jacarecica, Maceió/AL (Leal et al., 2013Leal, S.; Serapião, L.C.H. & Pereira, G.A. 2013. Registros documentados da gaivota-de-franklin Leucophaeus pipixcan (Wagler, 1831) no Nordeste do Brasil e da gaivota-de-cabeça-cinza Chroicocephalus cirrocephalus (Vieillot, 1817) nos Estados de Alagoas e Pernambuco. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 21(1): 105-108.), Cáceres/MT in the Pantanal (Kantek & Onuma, 2013Kantek, D.L.Z. & Onuma, S.S.M. 2013. Primeiro registro documentado da Gaivota-de-Franklin Leucophaeus pipixcan Wagler, 1831 para o bioma Pantanal, Brasil. Ornithologia, 6(1): 106-108.) and Raposa/MA (Gonsioroski, 2014Gonsioroski, G. 2014. Primeiro registro documentado de Leucophaeus pipixcan e novos registros de Stercorarius parasiticus e Chlidonias niger (Charadriiformes) no estado do Maranhão. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 180: 14-15.). Photographic records also show its presence in MA, BA, RJ and SC (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). There is also one specimen from AM that was collected in April, 2015 (MPEG 80618).

[Larus delawarensis] (VAG): breeds in central and eastern North America; it overwinters in part of the USA, Mexico and Central America (Burger & Gochfeld, 1996Burger, J. & Gochfeld, M. 1996. Family Laridae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 572-623.) and occasionally northern South America and northern Brazil (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.). Its episodic presence in Tefé/AM is because of a specimen collected in November 1968 that had been banded five months before at the border between Canada and the USA (Sick, 1979Sick, H. 1979. Notes on some brazilian birds. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 99(4): 115-120.).

Larus fuscus (VAG): breeds in northern Eurasia and overwinters to the south, reaching the center and the coast of Africa (as far as Mozambique) and the coast of the Arabian Peninsula and India (Burger & Gochfeld, 1996Burger, J. & Gochfeld, M. 1996. Family Laridae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 572-623.). It is also considered at least accidental in four countries in South America (Almeida et al., 2014Almeida, B.J.M.; Rodrigues, R.C.; Mizrahi, D. & Lees, A.C. 2014. A Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus in Maranhão: the second Brazilian record. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 21(3): 213-216.). In Brazil, it is considered vagrant: it has been recorded for the coast of CE near the mouth of the Jaguaribe River in 2005 (Girão et al., 2006Girão, W.; DiCostanzo, J.; Campos, A. & Albano, C. 2006. First record of the Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica (Linnaeus, 1758) for the Brazilian mainland. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 14(4): 468-469.) and photographed in São Luís/MA in November 2011 (Almeida et al., 2014Almeida, B.J.M.; Rodrigues, R.C.; Mizrahi, D. & Lees, A.C. 2014. A Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus in Maranhão: the second Brazilian record. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 21(3): 213-216.).

Sternidae

Chlidonias leucopterus (VAG): breeds in Europe, Siberia, Mongolia and New Zealand and overwinters in Africa, southern Asia and Oceania (Burger & Gochfeld, 1996Burger, J. & Gochfeld, M. 1996. Family Laridae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 572-623.). The first record of this species in Brazil and in South America was made in 2008 in the Lagoa do Peixe National Park (Aldabe et al., 2010Aldabe, J.; Alfredo Rocchi, A. & Mondón, G. 2010. Primer registro de Chlidonias leucopterus (Charadriiformes: Sternidae) para Brasil y Sudamérica. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 18(3): 261-262.). New photographs were also taken in the same region in 2010 (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Sterna vittata (VAG): breeds in the Antarctic Peninsula and overwinters on the east coast of the South America and in southern Africa. There are resident populations on subantarctic islands. In Brazil, it was recorded during austral winter historically for RJ and SC without precise localities (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.) and there are recent records for BA (Lima et al., 2004cLima, P.C.; Grantsau, R.; Lima, R.C.F.R. & Santos, S.S. 2004c. Occurrence and mortality of seabirds along the Northern Coast of Bahia, and the identification key of the Procellariiformes Order and the Stercorariidae Family. Cetrel S.A. Salvador, Cetrel. 63p. (Relatório Técnico). Available at: www.ao.com.br/download/seabirds.pdf.
www.ao.com.br/download/seabirds.pdf...
).

Falconidae

Falco tinnunculus (VAG): occurs in Europe, Africa and Asia (Orta, 1994Orta, J. 1994. Falco tinnunculus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 259.). Only one individual was recorded in the Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago in Brazil, which was the first record for Brazil and for South America and the third one for the New World (Bencke et al., 2005Bencke, G.A.; Ott, P.; Moreno, I.; Tavares, M. & Caon, G. 2005. Old World birds new to the Brazilian territory recorded in the Archipelago of São Pedro and São Paulo, equatorial Atlantic Ocean. Ararajuba, 13(1): 126-129.).

Falco columbarius (VAG): breeds in the Arctic and migrates to lower latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere during boreal winter (White et al., 1994White, C.M.; Olson, P.D. & Kiff, L.F. 1994. Family Falconidae (falcons and caracaras). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 206-275.). In Brazil, there are few records of this species and all for the North region (Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.) in Jaú National Park/AM (Borges et al., 2001Borges, S.H.; Cohn-Haft, M.; Carvalhaes, A.M.P.; Henriques, L.M.; Pacheco, J.F. & Whittaker, A. 2001. Birds of the Jaú National Park, Brazilian Amazon: species check-list, biogeography and conservation. Ornitologia Neotropical, 12(2): 109-140.) and in Roraima (RR), PA, Tocantins (TO) and AC (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Falco aesalon (VAG): occurs in northern Eurasia from Faroe Islands east to central Siberia. When migrating, it moves south to the Mediterranean, northern Africa, Persian Gulf, Iraq, Iran, China, Japan and Korea, and there also recent documented records for Bangladesh (White et al., 2016White, C.M.; Boesman, P.; Kirwan, G.M. & Marks, J.S. 2016. Merlin (Falco columbarius). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/53231 . Access in: 19/01/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/53231...
). The first and only known record for South America is of a female captured on a ship on the coast of BA in 1963 (Baars-Klinkenberg & Wattel, 1964Baars-Klinkenberg, G. & Wattel, J. 1964. Merlin (Falco columbarius) from Bahia, Brazil. Ardea, 52(3-4): 225-226.).

Furnariidae

Asthenes pyrrholeuca (VAG): breeds in Chile and Argentina and overwinters in northern Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay (Remsen Jr., 2003Remsen Jr., J.V. 2003. Family Furnariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 8: Broadbills to Tapaculos. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 162-357.). In Brazil, it is possible that it occurs only occasionally when flying in its austral migration. There are three records for RS, but only one of them is documented. There are doubts as to whether the species uses the extreme western RS as a wintering ground (Repenning & Fontana, 2008Repenning, M. & Fontana, C.S. 2008. Novos registros de aves raras e/ou ameaçadas de extinção na Campanha do sudoeste do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 16(1): 58-63.).

Tyrannidae

[Pseudocolopteryx dinelliana] (VAG): occurs in Bolivia, Argentina and Paraguay. It migrates to extreme southern Bolivia and western Paraguay during austral winter (Bostwick, 2004bBostwick, K. 2004b. Pseudocolopteryx dinelliana. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 289.). In Brazil, there is only one undocumented record for the Binational Maracaju Sanctuary/MS close to the border with Paraguay, but this document has been lost (Pérez-Villamayor et al., 2014Pérez-Villamayor, N.; Colmán-Jara, A & Straube F.C. 2014. Circunstanciação do registro de Pseudocolopteryx dinelliana na fronteira entre o Brasil e o Paraguai. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 178: 25.).

Tyrannus dominicensis (VAG): breeds in southeastern USA, Bahamas, Greater Antilles, Trinidad and Tobago, Curaçao, Bonaire, locally in central Venezuela and possibly in northern Colombia. It overwinters from southern Panama to central Colombia and southern and eastern Venezuela. Most populations migrate during boreal winter in November and the species occurs irregularly in extreme northern Brazil (Mobley, 2004iMobley, J. 2004i. Tyrannus dominicensis. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 423.). It also occurs in the Guianas as a regular visitor (Paynter Jr., 1995Paynter Jr., R.A. 1995. Nearctic Passerine migrants in South America. Cambridge, Nuttall Ornithological Club.). There are few records of this species in Brazil: it was observed occasionally in Amapá (AP) and in RR, where it was also photographed (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
), and in AM (Nassar & Melo, 2015Nassar, P.M. & Melo, A.V. 2015. New record of Tyrannus dominicensis for Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 23(4): 437-438.).

Alectrurus risora (VAG): occurs in northern Argentina, eastern Paraguay and Uruguay and there are localized records for Brazil (mostly historic) in southern MT, MS, SP and RS (Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.). There is also a historic accidental record for RJ (Pacheco & Gonzaga, 1994Pacheco, J.F. & Gonzaga, L.P. 1994. Tiranídeos do estado do Rio de Janeiro provenientes de regiões austrais da América do Sul. Notulas Faunisticas, 63: 1-4.). In the past, a population from northeastern Argentina bred in the province of Buenos Aires and wintered in Brazil. Current populations are resident throughout the year and do not migrate to Brazil anymore (Di Giácomo & Di Giácomo, 2004Di Giácomo, A.S. & Di Giácomo, A.G. 2004. Extincíon, historia natural y conservación de las poblaciones del yetapá de collar (Alectrurus risora) em la Argentina. Ornitologia Neotropical, 15(Suppl.): 145-157.). There is only one photographic record for the Brazilian territory for Bonito/MS in August (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Knipolegus striaticeps (VAG): occurs in eastern and southern Bolivia, western Paraguay, northwestern Argentina and it reaches Brazil at the end of the austral winter, between August and September (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.) near Corumbá/MS (Tubelis & Tomas, 2003Tubelis, D.P. & Tomas, W.M. 2003. Bird species of the wetland, Brazil. Ararajuba, 11(1): 5-37.). The movement pattern of this species is still unknown, but migratory movements have been observed in the south part of its distribution (Farnsworth & Langham, 2004cFarnsworth, A. & Langham, G.M. 2004c. Knipolegus striaticeps. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 377.). In Brazil, there are no photographic records available (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) although there are two specimen from MS collected in May 1944 (MZUSP).

Knipolegus hudsoni (VAG): breeds in central Argentina, flies north during winter in August and September, and reaches Paraguay, Bolivia and eventually Brazil in MT and MS (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.). The Serra do Roncador seems to be the northern limit of its migration (Farnsworth & Langham, 2004dFarnsworth, A. & Langham, G.M. 2004d. Knipolegus hudsoni. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 377.). There are photographic records for MS in April, July and August (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

[Knipolegus aterrimus] (VAG): occurs from southern Bolivia to western Argentina and migrates north in March-April to winter in Paraguay and northeastern Argentina (Farnsworth & Langham, 2004eFarnsworth, A. & Langham, G.M. 2004e. Knipolegus aterrimus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 379.). In Brazil, there are few records and all of them are near the western and southwestern border of the country in MS and RS (Bornschein et al., 2003Bornschein, M.R.; Cáceres, N.C.; Ferreira, W.V.; Freitas, D.R. & Pichorim, M. 2003. Primeiro registro de Knipolegus aterrimus Kaup, 1853 no Brasil (Tyrannidae). Ararajuba, 11(1): 141-144.; Farnsworth & Langham, 2004eFarnsworth, A. & Langham, G.M. 2004e. Knipolegus aterrimus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 379.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Muscisaxicola maclovianus (VAG): is a migratory species that breeds in southern Chile and Argentina and overwinters in northern Peru, northeastern Argentina and Uruguay (Farnsworth & Langham, 2004fFarnsworth, A. & Langham, G.M. 2004f. Muscisaxicola maclovianus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 401.). In Brazil, there is one record for the Lagoa do Peixe National Park/RS in May (Schwertner et al., 2011Schwertner, C.A.; Fenalti, P.R. & Fenalti, O.A. 2011. Um novo passeriforme para o Brasil: Muscisaxicola maclovianus (Passeriformes: Tyrannidae). Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 19(3): 453-454.) that is linked to seven photographs, and two other photographic records for Rio Grande/RS in June (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Xolmis rubetra (VAG): occurs in Argentina, breeds in central Argentina and migrates north during winter (Farnsworth & Langham, 2004gFarnsworth, A. & Langham, G.M. 2004g. Xolmis rubetra. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 394.). In Brazil, there is only one record for extreme western RS in August (Bellagamba-Oliveira et al., 2013Bellagamba-Oliveira, D.; Bellagamba, G. & Rocchi, A. 2013. First record of the Rusty-backed Monjita, Xolmis rubetra (Passeriformes: Tyrannidae) for Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 21(2): 144-146.), and two photos available at WikiAves (2016).

Agriornis micropterus (VAG): occurs from southern Bolivia to Santa Cruz Province in Argentina and breeds in the steppes and prairies from southern Peru to the province of Santa Cruz. Populations from the south of its distribution are represented by the nominate subspecies and are migratory. It departs from its breeding areas at the end of the summer in February and migrates north to spend the austral fall and winter in southern Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay and part of northern Argentina. It is rare in Paraguay and Uruguay (Farnsworth et al., 2016Farnsworth, A.; Langham, G. & de Juana, E. 2016. Grey-bellied Shrike-tyrant (Agriornis micropterus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions , Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/57435 . Access in: 19/01/2016.
www.hbw.com/node/57435...
). In Brazil, the first documented record was obtained for extreme western RS in September 2012. Although this species may be a regular migrant of low density in Brazil (Bellagamba et al., 2014Bellagamba, G.; Bellagamba-Oliveira, D. & Dias, R.A. 2014. The Grey-bellied Shrike Tyrant (Agriornis micropterus), a new tyrant flycatcher for Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(3): 303-304.), here it is considered vagrant due to a lack of data that corroborates this hypothesis and to the fact that there is only one record in Brazil.

Agriornis murinus (VAG): breeds from October to March in plains with scattered shrubs in northwestern and southern central Argentina, and migrates to the north of the country, to western Paraguay and southern Bolivia during austral fall and winter, along a north-south axis. It is considered vagrant in extreme southern Brazil (Farnsworth & Langham, 2004hFarnsworth, A. & Langham, G.M. 2004h. Agriornis murinus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotingas to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 396.; Dias et al., 2010bDias, R.A.; Gianuca, A.; Vizentin-Bugoni, J. & Coimbra, M.A.A. 2010b. New documented records for two bird species in southernmost Brazil, including the first mention of Agriornis murinus for the country and comments on vagrancy. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 18(2): 124-129.) and there are two photographic records for Rio Grande/RS, one in April and another in July (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Neoxolmis rufiventris (VAG): breeds from southeastern Argentina (and extreme southern Chile) south to Tierra del Fuego and migrates north during austral winter to central Argentina and Uruguay (Farnsworth & Langham, 2004iFarnsworth, A. & Langham, G.M. 2004i. Neoxolmis rufiventris. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotingas to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 391.). There is only one relatively old record for the southwest from Rio Grande in fall 1973, suggesting it is a vagrant species (FZBRS, 2013Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul (FZBRS). 2013. Revisão da Lista das Espécies da Fauna Silvestre Ameaçadas de Extinção no Rio Grande do Sul. Consulta Pública. Available at: Available at: www.fzb.rs.gov.br/upload/1396360907_fauna_ameacada.pdf . FZBRS e SEMA/RS. Access in: 17/06/2015.
www.fzb.rs.gov.br/upload/1396360907_faun...
). In addition, there are photographic records for western RS in June and for the south in April (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Vireonidae

Vireo flavoviridis (VAG): is a visitor from the north that nests in Central America, migrates to northwestern South America in September (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.) and overwinters mainly east of the Andes in the Peruvian and Bolivian Amazon and in western Brazil (Brewer & Orenstein, 2010Brewer, D. & Orenstein, R.I. 2010. Species accounts of Family Vireonidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 15: Weavers to New World Warblers. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 378-439.). This species has been observed in western AC and specimens have been collected in western AM (Whittaker & Oren, 1999Whittaker, A. & Oren, D.C. 1999. Important ornithological records from the Rio Juruá, western Amazonia, including twelve additions to the Brazilian avifauna. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 119(4): 235-260.; Whitney & Pacheco, 2000Whitney, B.M. & Pacheco, J.F. 2000. Evidência material para a presença de Vireo flavoviridis (Cassim, 1851) no Brasil. Nattereria, 2: 36-37.) and in AC (MPEG). There are also photographic records for MT in October and for AC in January and March (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Turdidae

Turdus iliacus (VAG): breeds in northern and eastern Europe and in Siberia, and migrates during boreal winter to central and southern Europe and northern Africa (Collar, 2005Collar, N. 2005. Family Turdidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 10: Cuckoo-shrikes to Thrushes. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 514-807.). The only record of this species in Brazil is of an individual that died on a ship in open sea on the coast of ES (Brito et al., 2013Brito, G.R.R.; Nacinovic, J.B. & Teixeira, D.M. 2013. First record of Redwing Turdus iliacus in South America. Bulletin of the British Ornithologist’s Club, 133(4): 316-317.).

Parulidae

Parkesia noveboracensis (VAG): is a migratory species that departs from breeding areas in Alaska, Canada and the USA in late July/early August, reaches its wintering areas (Central America and from southern to northern Amazon) in September, and begins to return in March (Curson, 2016bCurson, J. 2016b. Northern Waterthrush (Seiurus noveboracensis). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/61502 . Access in: 04/06/2015.
www.hbw.com/node/61502...
). It has been recorded for PA in November (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; MPEG 32507 [PA, 1978, November]), for Viruá National Park/RR in January (Laranjeiras et al., 2010Laranjeiras, T.O.; Andretti, C.B.; Bechtoldt, C.; Cerqueira, M.C.; Costa, T.V.V.; Lima, G.R.; Naka, L.N.; Pacheco, A.M.F.; Santos Jr., M.A.; Sardelli, C.H.; Torres, M.F.; Vargas, C.F. & Cohn-Haft, M. 2010. High bird richness in Viruá Nacional Park, Roraima, Brazil. In: International Ornithological Congress, 25º. Abstracts. Campos do Jordão. p. 591. Available at: www.internationalornithology.org/documents/abstracts_isbn_1101191.pdf.
www.internationalornithology.org/documen...
) and abril (MZUSP 99534 [RR, 2014, April]), for Presidente Figueiredo/AM in January (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) and for Boa Vista/RR in February (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

[Setophaga cerulea] (VAG): is an endangered migratory species that breeds in Canada and the USA, and overwinters mainly in the foothills of the Andes in Venezuela and Colombia to southern Peru and western Bolivia (Curson, 2010Curson, J. 2010. Family Parulidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 15: Weavers to New World Warblers. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 666-802.). Douglas Stotz recorded many individuals in 1991 in the montane forests from southeastern Brazil (Robbins et al., 1992Robbins, C.S.; Fitzpatrick, J.W. & Hamel, P.B. 1992. A warbler in trouble: Dendroica cerulea. In: Hagan III, J.M. & Johnston, D.W. (Eds.). Ecology and conservation of Neotropical migrant landbirds. Washington, D.C., Smithsonian Press. p. 549-562.). There are also records for RJ in October and November (Scott & Brooke, 1985Scott, D.A. & Brooke, M. de L. 1985. The endangered avifauna of southeastern Brazil: a report on the BOU/WWF expeditions of 1980/81 and 1981/82. In: Diamond, A.W. & Lovejoy, T.E. (Eds.). Conservation of tropical forest. Cambridge, International Council for Bird Preservation. p. 115-139.), SP in January (Willis & Oniki, 2003Willis, E.O. & Oniki, Y. 2003. Aves do Estado de São Paulo. São Paulo, Divisa.) and MG in April (J.F. Pacheco, pers. obs.). This species probably occurs in Brazil, but there is no known or available documented evidence of this occurrence.

Setophaga fusca (VAG): is a migratory species. It occurs from North America to northern South America (Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.). It breeds in North America and overwinters mainly in intermediate elevations in the Andes and Tepuis (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.). It has been considered vagrant in Brazil (Curson, 2010Curson, J. 2010. Family Parulidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 15: Weavers to New World Warblers. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 666-802.) and recorded for ES in December (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.), CE in March (Teixeira et al., 1993Teixeira, D.M.; Otoch, R.; Luigi, G.; Raposo, M.A. & Almeida, A.C.C. 1993. Notes on some birds of northeastern Brazil (5). Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 113(1): 48-52.), PA in October and November (Silva, 2011bSilva, J.M.C. 2011b. Belém. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 82-84.; MPEG 21513 [PA, 1961, October]), Jaú National Park/AM in January (Whitney, 1994Whitney, B.M. 1994. The Blackburnian Warbler Dendroica fusca in South America, with a record from Santa Cruz department, Bolivia. Cotinga, 2: 36-37.), region of Manaus/AM in March (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.) and in January, when it was photographed (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

[Setophaga virens] (VAG): breeds in Canada and the USA and migrates during winter to Central America and the Caribbean, locally to Mexico and in smaller numbers to southern USA, northern Colombia and Venezuela (Curson, 2010Curson, J. 2010. Family Parulidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 15: Weavers to New World Warblers. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 666-802.). Two undocumented sightings have been reported for Conceição do Castelo/ES and the Itataia National Park/RJ in April 2000 and September 2001 respectively (Parrini et al., 2002Parrini, R.; Willoughby, P.J.; Rehen, M.P. 2002. Primeiros registros de Dendroica virens (Gmelin, 1789) para o Brasil. Ararajuba, 10(2): 266.).

Geothlypis agilis (VAG): is a long distance migrant that breeds in southern Canada and northern USA, from where it departs in mid-August and reaches its wintering areas in the plains of South America in eastern Colombia and Venezuela, northern Bolivia and northern central Brazil in mid-October. Its return is in May (Curson, 2010Curson, J. 2010. Family Parulidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 15: Weavers to New World Warblers. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 666-802.). Its wintering area is little known and it is possible that this species only passes through Brazil (M. Cohn-Haft, pers. comm.), even though the Amazonian region has been recognized as its main wintering area (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.). There are historic records for AM and MT (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; Nunes & Tomas, 2008Nunes, A.P. & Tomas, W.M. 2008. Aves migratórias e nômades ocorrentes no Pantanal. EMBRAPA Pantanal.) one recent documented record obtained for AC (Marques & Guilherme, 2014Marques, E.L. & Guilherme, E. 2014. Primeiro registro de Geothlypis agilis (Passeriformes: Parulidae) no Estado do Acre, Brasil. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 178: 26.) and one specimen collected in RO in April (MPEG 35169).

[Cardellina canadensis] (VAG): breeds in southern Canada and northeastern USA, from where it departs in late July or August to fly mainly south through the Mississippi Valley and the Appalachian Mountains to the Gulf of Mexico and reach South America by different pathways in late September (Curson, 2016cCurson, J. 2016c. Canada Warbler (Wilsonia canadensis). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/61502 . Access in: 04/06/2015.
www.hbw.com/node/61502...
). Spring migration starts from March in Peru to mid-April in Colombia. The species reaches the south of the breeding area in late April and the north in late May (Curson, 2016cCurson, J. 2016c. Canada Warbler (Wilsonia canadensis). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/61502 . Access in: 04/06/2015.
www.hbw.com/node/61502...
). The alleged Brazilian record for RR in April (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.) is of a skin collected in the Venezuelan portion of the Serra Parima (Mallet-Rodrigues, 2002Mallet-Rodrigues, F. 2002. Invalidação do registro supostamente brasileiro de Wilsonia canadensis. Ararajuba, 10(2): 261-277.). There are two undocumented records for RJ in November 2004 and January 2006 (Whittaker & Foster, 2005Whittaker, A. & Foster, A. 2005. First country record of Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis, in the Atlantic Forests of southeastern Brazil. Cotinga, 24: 115-116.; Gagliardi, 2006Gagliardi, R.L. 2006. Novo registro brasileiro para a mariquita-do-canadá, Canada Warbler, Wilsonia canadensis (Linnaeus, 1766). Atualidades Ornitológicas, 132: 14.).

Thraupidae

Rhopospina fruticeti (VAG): occurs in Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina (Jaramillo, 2011eJaramillo, A. 2011e. Phrygilus fruticeti. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 607.). In Brazil, it is considered vagrant and there are only two records of this species, both for RS: one female found dead in the Highway BR 471 in Banhado do Taim in 1971 (Grantsau, 2002Grantsau, R.K.H. 2002. Primeiro registro documentado de Phrygilus fruticeti (Kittitz, 1833) para o Brasil (Rio Grande do Sul). Ararajuba, 10(2): 261-277.), and one individual seen in Vila Operária de Candiota in August 1997 (Bencke, 2001Bencke, G.A. 2001. Lista de referência das aves do Rio Grande do Sul. Porto Alegre, Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul.). Photographic records for the north coast of RS (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) are also of individuals brought to Brazil by ships (i.e., “ship-assisted”).

Conothraupis speculigera (VAG): departs from the Andes region (especially from Peru to Ecuador) after the breeding season between June and November, moving with the rainfall regime (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.) to Amazonian lowlands (Lebbin, 2005Lebbin, D.J. 2005. Aberrant Plumage in a Black-and-White Tanager (Conothraupis speculigera). Boletín SAO, 15(2): 100-104.). The movement pattern and routes of this species in the Amazon Basin are not known (Hilty, 2011Hilty, S.L. 2011. Family Thraupidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. p. 46-329.). In Brazil, there are documented records only for AC during austral winter (Whittaker & Oren, 1999Whittaker, A. & Oren, D.C. 1999. Important ornithological records from the Rio Juruá, western Amazonia, including twelve additions to the Brazilian avifauna. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 119(4): 235-260.; Guilherme, 2007Guilherme, E. 2007. Levantamento preliminar da avifauna do complexo de Florestas Públicas Estaduais do Mogno e dos Rios Liberdade e Gregório, município de Tarauacá, estado do Acre, como subsídio para elaboração de seus planos de manejo. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 136: 1-8.; MPEG).

Hedyglossa diuca (VAG): occurs in Chile, Bolivia, Argentina, Uruguay and southern Brazil, but records in the country exist only for western RS, where four specimens were collected in June 1914 in the region of Uruguaiana (Belton, 1994Belton, W. 1994. Aves do Rio Grande do Sul: distribuição e biologia. São Leopoldo, Editora da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.). It is mainly resident, but the subspecies H. d. minor is partially migratory (Jaramillo, 2011fJaramillo, A. 2011f. Diuca diuca. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 616-617.). In Brazil, it is considered vagrant and there are no available photographic records (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Tiaris obscurus (VAG): occurs from the region of the Andes in western Venezuela south as far as northwestern Argentina (Rising, 2011Rising, J.D. 2011. Family Emberizidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 428-683.). It is resident in a large part of its distribution, but it may move altitudinally from the Andes to lowlands after breeding (Rising, 2011Rising, J.D. 2011. Family Emberizidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 428-683.). Migratory movements are still little known, but records in Brazil suggest that this species overwinters in the regions of Chiquitano and Pantanal (Whittaker & Carlos, 2004Whittaker, A. & Carlos, B. 2004. Recent observations of Dull-coloured Grassquit Tiaris obscura in Mato Grosso reinforce its status as an austral migrant to south-west Brazil. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 124(4): 285-287.; Vasconcelos et al., 2008Vasconcelos, M.F.; Lopes, L.S.; Hoffmann, D.; Silveira, L.F. & Schunck, F. 2008. Noteworthy records of birds from the Pantanal, Chiquitano dry forest and Cerrado of south-western Brazil. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 128(1): 57-67.a). There are no photographic records of this species in the national territory (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Saltatricula multicolor (VAG): occurs in Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina and Uruguay (Brewer, 2011Brewer, D. 2011. Family Cardinalidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 402-427.). In Brazil, it has been photographed in multiple occasions in May, July and August 2013 in Uruguaiana/RS, and in Porto Murtinho/MS in August 2015 (Bellagamba et al., 2013Bellagamba, G.; Bellagamba-Oliveira, D. & Agne, C.E. 2013. Primeiro registro para o Brasil de Saltatricula multicolor (Passeriformes: Thraupidae). Atualidades Ornitológicas, 174: 8.; WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Piranga olivacea (VAG): breeds in Canada and the USA, and overwinters in northwestern South America, especially in the Amazon Basin in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and western Brazil (Hilty, 2011Hilty, S.L. 2011. Family Thraupidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. p. 46-329.). Its presence in the national territory is localized: there are two records for Manaus/AM in December (Stotz et al., 1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.) and two other recent photographic records for AM in October and November, and three for AC in March (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) and December (MPEG 52253).

Spiza Americana (VAG): breeds in Canada and the USA; migrates to Central America and northern South America during winter as far as the central Amazon in Brazil. It has been recorded for RR with a single photographic record in March (Sick, 1997Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.; Orenstein, 2011Orenstein, R.I. 2011. Family Cardinalidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 330-427.), and for AM in September (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
).

Carduelis carduelis (VAG): occurs in Europe, Asia and northern Africa. It has been introduced in the USA and in Australia (Clement et al., 2010Clement, P.; Harris, A. & Davis, J. 2010. Finches and Sparrows. London, Christopher Helm .). In Brazil, this species has been recorded in RS since 1994, probably originating from the geographical expansion of a resident population in Uruguay, which was also introduced in this country (FZBRS, 2013Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul (FZBRS). 2013. Revisão da Lista das Espécies da Fauna Silvestre Ameaçadas de Extinção no Rio Grande do Sul. Consulta Pública. Available at: Available at: www.fzb.rs.gov.br/upload/1396360907_fauna_ameacada.pdf . FZBRS e SEMA/RS. Access in: 17/06/2015.
www.fzb.rs.gov.br/upload/1396360907_faun...
).

Not Defined species accounts (ND)

Phoenicopteridae

Phoenicopterus ruber (ND): occurs in the Caribbean, Galápagos and northern South America (del Hoyo, 1992del Hoyo, J. 1992. Family Phoenicopteridae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 508-527.). Despite historic reports of breeding colonies on Marajó Island/Pará (PA) and Lago Piratuba/southern Amapá (AP) (Sick, 1969Sick, H. 1969. Aves Brasileiras Ameaçadas de Extinção de Noções Gerais de Conservação de Aves no Brasil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 41(Suppl.): 205-229.), there are no current records of it breeding in the country (Nascimento et al., 1992Nascimento, J.L.X.; Antas, P.T.Z. & Castro, I.N. 1992. Censo aéreo de flamingos Phoenicopterus ruber e guarás Eudocimus ruber na costa do estado do Amapá. In: Congresso Brasileiro de Ornitologia, 2º. Resumos. Campo Grande, SOB.). In the area between the lighthouse at Cape Orange and the mouth of the Oyapock River, groups of 600 and 350 individuals have been recorded respectively in November 1991 and May 1992 (Nascimento et al., 1992Nascimento, J.L.X.; Antas, P.T.Z. & Castro, I.N. 1992. Censo aéreo de flamingos Phoenicopterus ruber e guarás Eudocimus ruber na costa do estado do Amapá. In: Congresso Brasileiro de Ornitologia, 2º. Resumos. Campo Grande, SOB.). In the same region, around 90 individuals have been recorded in April 2014 and another small group in February 2015 (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
). One adult has also been recorded in Galinhos/Rio Grande do Norte (RN) between January and March 2001 (Azevedo-Júnior et al., 2004Azevedo-Júnior, S.M.; Larrazábal, M.E. & Pena, O. 2004. Aves aquáticas dos ambientes antrópicos (salinas) do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil. In: Branco, J.O. (Org.). Aves Marinhas e Insulares Brasileiras (Bioecologia e Conservação). ITAJAÍ, Editora da Univali. p. 255-266.) and one specimen collected in Ceará (CE) (Oren, 1991Oren, D.C. 1991. Aves do Estado do Maranhão. Goeldiana Zoologia, 9: 1-55.). Museum records are restricted to AP in August and in PA in February and December (MPEG). This suggests that its occurrence in Brazil is due to irregular movements that originate in the north of the distribution of the species and that further studies are necessary to confirm its migratory pattern.

Rallidae

Porphyrio flavirostris (ND): occurs from eastern Colombia through southern central Venezuela to the Guianas, south as far as eastern Ecuador, northern and southeastern Peru, northern Bolivia, and central Paraguay to extreme northern Argentina, and there are also sparse records in the entire Brazil (Taylor, 1996Taylor, P.B. 1996. Family Rallidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 108-209.). Its occurrence is highly seasonal in parts of its distribution and it seems to coincide with the flood season: in southwestern Amazon and Paraguay, it occurs mainly between October and January; in eastern Amazon, between February and August; in western Amazon, records peak in January; and in the Upper Amazon, it is present only between January and July. It is considered vagrant in southern Brazil (Remsen Jr. & Parker III, 1990Remsen Jr., J.V. & Parker III, T.A. 1990. Seasonal distribution of the Azure Gallinule (Porphyrula flavirostris), with comments on vagrancy in rails and gallinules. Wilson Bulletin, 102(3): 380-399.; Taylor, 1996Taylor, P.B. 1996. Family Rallidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 108-209.; Dias et al., 2010bDias, R.A.; Gianuca, A.; Vizentin-Bugoni, J. & Coimbra, M.A.A. 2010b. New documented records for two bird species in southernmost Brazil, including the first mention of Agriornis murinus for the country and comments on vagrancy. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 18(2): 124-129.). Photographic records do not corroborate the pattern described in the literature. The occurrence of this species in the South region is restricted to sporadic records for all three states (Dias et al., 2010bDias, R.A.; Gianuca, A.; Vizentin-Bugoni, J. & Coimbra, M.A.A. 2010b. New documented records for two bird species in southernmost Brazil, including the first mention of Agriornis murinus for the country and comments on vagrancy. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 18(2): 124-129.; Meyer, 2015Meyer, D. 2015. Azure Gallinule, Porphyrio flavirostris (Aves: Rallidae): first record for the state of Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil. Check List, 11(5): 1732.). More data is necessary to classify this species as migratory. Individuals collected in Fazenda Fartura in Santana do Araguaia/PA had developed gonads, which indicates that the species breeds in Brazil (L.F. Silveira, pers. obs.). Museum collection data are restricted to MT in May and in PA in March, April, August, November and December (MPEG).

Cuculidae

Coccyzus erythropthalmus (ND): breeds in Canada and the USA; overwinters in northwestern and central western South America (Payne, 1997Payne, R.B. 1997. Family Cuculidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 4: Sandgrouse to Cuckoos. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 508-607.). In Brazil, it was recorded only in western Acre (AC) in February (Whittaker & Oren, 1999Whittaker, A. & Oren, D.C. 1999. Important ornithological records from the Rio Juruá, western Amazonia, including twelve additions to the Brazilian avifauna. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 119(4): 235-260., MPEG 48047 [AC, 1992, Feb]) and in AP in November (Xavier & Boss, 2011Xavier, B.F. & Boss, R.L. 2011. Estação Ecológica Maracá-Jipioca. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 28-32.), which suggests that the country could be a wintering area. However, its occurrence may be incidental and further studies are necessary to classify it as migratory.

Columbidae

Zenaida auriculata (ND): out of the four subspecies that occur in Brazil, Z. a. noronha occurs in the semiarid Caatinga in the Northeast region and presents large population variations because of flock gatherings during the rainy season while searching for breeding sites, where it forms breeding colonies with thousands of nests (Azevedo-Júnior & Antas, 1990Azevedo-Júnior, S.M. & Antas, P.T.Z. 1990. Observações sobre a reprodução da Zenaida auriculata no Nordeste do Brasil. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 4º. Anais. Recife, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco. p. 65-72.). It seems to breed itinerantly in the Northeast (Bucher, 1982Bucher, E.H. 1982. Colonial Breeding of the Eared dove (Zenaida auriculata) in Northeastern Brazil. Biotropica, 14(4): 255-261.), which is corroborated by banding data from up to 2005 (SNA, 2016Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna. (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna...
). According to this pattern, the first colonies appeared around the middle of the São Francisco River in Bahia (BA) between February and March. The species appeared soon after in western Pernambuco (PE), southern CE and southwestern Piauí (PI) and then, between May and June, in southern central PE (Sertão do Pajeú), Seridó region (on the border between PB and RN) and RN (Azevedo-Júnior & Antas, 1990Azevedo-Júnior, S.M. & Antas, P.T.Z. 1990. Observações sobre a reprodução da Zenaida auriculata no Nordeste do Brasil. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 4º. Anais. Recife, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco. p. 65-72.). However, there is an annual change in total precipitation in the Caatinga that may favor the opportunist occurrence of colonies in places they do not usually occur in years of irregular precipitation (Azevedo-Júnior & Antas, 1990Azevedo-Júnior, S.M. & Antas, P.T.Z. 1990. Observações sobre a reprodução da Zenaida auriculata no Nordeste do Brasil. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 4º. Anais. Recife, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco. p. 65-72.). The species has been classified as migratory (except for in Fernando de Noronha/PE, where it is resident) because it moves in response to rain movements in the Caatinga (Antas, 1987Antas, P.T.Z. 1987. Migração de aves no Brasil. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 2º, 1986, Rio de Janeiro. Anais. Rio de Janeiro, Editora da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. p. 153-187.; Azevedo-Júnior & Antas, 1990Azevedo-Júnior, S.M. & Antas, P.T.Z. 1990. Observações sobre a reprodução da Zenaida auriculata no Nordeste do Brasil. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 4º. Anais. Recife, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco. p. 65-72.; Souza et al., 2007Souza, E.A.; Telino-Júnior, W.R.; Nascimento, J.L.X.; Lyra-Neves, R.M.; Azevedo-Júnior, S.M.; Filho, C.L. & Schulz Neto, A. 2007. Estimativas populacionais de avoantes Zenaida auriculata (Aves Columbidae, Des Murs, 1847) em colônias reprodutivas no Nordeste do Brasil. Ornithologia, 2(1): 28-33.), slowly flying from the southwest to the northeast (Nimer, 1977Nimer, E. 1977. Clima. In: Geografia do Brasil, Região Nordeste, vol. 2. Rio de Janeiro, Fundação Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. p. 47-83.). However, Sick (1983Sick, H. 1983. Migrações de aves na América do Sul Continental (tradução: Walter A. Voss). Brasília, Cemave - Instituto Brasileiro de Desenvolvimento Florestal. (Publicação Técnica nº 2).) states that it is not every year that this species gathers by the thousands in the Northeast, and this, when associated to the fact that it can be observed in the Northeast during the entire year (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
) without a clear seasonal population fluctuation, conflicts with its classification as migratory. For this reason, the species is here classified as not defined.

Apodidae

[Chaetura pelagica] (ND): has been classified as a Neotropical migrant (Allen & Connor, 2000Allen, A.P. & Connor, R.J.O. 2000. Hierarchical correlates of bird assemblage structure on notheastern U.S.A. lakes. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 62(1): 15-37.). It breeds in North America and overwinters in Ecuador, Peru, northern Chile and possibly northwestern Brazil (Chantler, 1999Chantler, P. 1999. Family Apodidae (Swifts). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 5. Barn-owls to hummingbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 388-457.). Stotz et al. (1992Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.) discuss difficulties in confirming alleged records of this species for the Manaus region/Amazonas (AM). Undocumented flocks of this species have been seen in four different dates and they originated in western AC (Whittaker & Oren, 1999Whittaker, A. & Oren, D.C. 1999. Important ornithological records from the Rio Juruá, western Amazonia, including twelve additions to the Brazilian avifauna. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 119(4): 235-260.).

Tyrannidae

Phaeomyias murina (ND): occurs from Panama to eastern Brazil and northwestern Argentina. Populations from the south of the distribution (Bolivia, Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay) seem to migrate north and winter in the Amazon Basin (Fitzpatrick, 2004Fitzpatrick, J.W. 2004. Family Tyrannidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 170-463.). In Brazil, it occurs year round except for PR where the records are restricted to the period of September to January (WikiAves, 2016WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com.
www.wikiaves.com...
; MZUSP; MNRJ; MPEG). However, data is still insufficient to determine a migratory pattern and further studies are necessary.

Myiodynastes luteiventris (ND): breeds from southwestern USA, Mexico, Guatemala, and Belize south as far as Costa Rica. It overwinters in eastern Ecuador, eastern Peru, Bolivia and in western and southwestern Amazon in Brazil between October and April (Mobley, 2004jMobley, J. 2004j. Myiodynastes luteiventris. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 413.). There are records for AC (Whittaker & Oren, 1999Whittaker, A. & Oren, D.C. 1999. Important ornithological records from the Rio Juruá, western Amazonia, including twelve additions to the Brazilian avifauna. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 119(4): 235-260.) and PA (Pacheco et al., 2007Pacheco, J.F.; Kirwan, G.M.; Aleixo, A.; Whitney, B.M.; Whittaker, A.; Minns, J.; Zimmer, K.J.; Fonseca, P.S.M.; Lima, M.F.C. & Oren, D.C. 2007. An avifaunal inventory of the CVRD Serra dos Carajás project, Pará, Brazil. Cotinga, 27: 15-30.; Aleixo et al., 2012Aleixo, A.; Carneiro, L.S. & Dantas, S.M. 2012. Aves. In: Martins, F.D.; Castilho, A.; Campos, J.; Hatano, F.M. & Rolim, S.G. (Orgs.). Fauna da Floresta Nacional de Carajás: estudos sobre vertebrados terrestres. São Paulo, Nitro Imagens. p. 98-139., MPEG).

Thraupidae

Sporophila luctuosa (ND): occurs in small regions of Venezuela and Colombia. It also occurs in Ecuador, Peru, northern Bolivia and western Brazil (Grantsau, 2010Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.), more precisely on Upper Juruá River/AC according to records from 1992 and 1995 (Whittaker & Oren, 1999Whittaker, A. & Oren, D.C. 1999. Important ornithological records from the Rio Juruá, western Amazonia, including twelve additions to the Brazilian avifauna. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 119(4): 235-260.). There is not much information about its movements, which could be seasonal and related to the elevation (Ridgely & Tudor, 1989Ridgely, R.S. & Tudor, G. 1989. The birds of South America, Vol. I: The Oscine Passerines. Austin, University of Texas Press.; Whittaker & Oren, 1999Whittaker, A. & Oren, D.C. 1999. Important ornithological records from the Rio Juruá, western Amazonia, including twelve additions to the Brazilian avifauna. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 119(4): 235-260.). This species may exhibit nomadism to a certain degree when searching for grassland seeds (Jaramillo, 2011gJaramillo, A. 2011g. Sporophila luctuosa. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 653.). Museum records show its presence in AC in February (MPEG).

CONCLUSIONS

In view of the wide range of migratory behaviors in the tropical region, prioritizing studies that aim to reveal the causes and the ecological and evolutionary mechanisms that drive migration (Sekercioglu, 2010Sekercioglu, C.H. 2010. Partial migration in tropical birds: the frontier of movement ecology. Journal of Animal Ecology, 79(5): 933-936.) are strongly encouraged. A better understanding of the migration patterns and of the geographical connectivity between populations at different times of the year is essential for the planning of long-term conservation actions (Martin et al., 2007Martin, T.G.; Chades, I.; Arcese, P.; Marra, P.P.; Possingham & Norris, D.R. 2007. Optimal Conservation of Migratory Species. Plos One, 2(8): e751. DOI; Jones et al., 2008Jones, J.; Norris, D.R.; Girvan, M.K.; Barg, J.J.; Kuser, T.K. & Robertson, R.J. 2008. Migratory connectivity and rate of population decline in a vulnerable songbird. Condor, 110(3): 538-544.).

We recognize that compiling all migratory birds in Brazil into a list is a challenge of extreme importance and enormous complexity. This work represents only the first step of what should be a continuous and dynamic process that will count on the collaboration of multiple researchers and birdwatchers for its next updates.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

We thank Dione Seripierri for all the help in providing literature, support during literature searches and reference revision. We are grateful to Marcos Raposo and Alexandre Aleixo for providing the digital database of the ornithological collections from Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro and Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, respectively. We thank Fabio Schunck Pires Gomes and Frederick Pallinger for providing some personal data, Thiago Vernaschi Vieira da Costa for carefully reviewing the species accounts for Caprimulgidae and also for providing personal data, Carlos Eduardo da Silva Garske for revising some accounts and André Cordeiro De Luca for helping with some photo identifications. We specially thanks to all photographers which posted photos in Wikiaves website, allowing us to analyse this huge amount of data. M.S. thanks the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) for grants received. A.C.G. thanks CAPES for a post-doctoral fellowship. L.F.S. received a research productivity grant by CNPq and also thanks Fartura Agropecuária (Wilson Lemos de Morais Neto), Bruno Ehlers (United Parcel Services, UPS), Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP) and CNPq for the grants and logistical support during field work in Brazil. A.E.J. was supported by a fellowship from FAPESP (2012/17225-2). We are grateful to the two anonymous reviewers for constructive comments that improved an earlier version of the manuscript.

REFERENCES

  • Abreu, M.; Jiménez, S. & Domingo, A. 2010. Primer registro del Petrel de Trindade Pterodroma arminjoniana (Procellariiformes: Procellariidae) em Uruguay. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 18(3): 240-241.
  • Accordi, I.A. & Hartz, S.M. 2013. Aves em um mosaico de ambientes costeiros no sul do Brasil. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 172: 49-59.
  • Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels (ACAP). 2009. Species assessment: Tristan Albatross Diomedea dabbenena. Available at: Available at: https://acap.aq/en/acap-species/303-tristan-albatross/file Access in: 05/08/2014.
    » https://acap.aq/en/acap-species/303-tristan-albatross/file
  • Albano, C. & Girão, W. 2011. Região Metropolitana de Fortaleza. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa., Conservation International. p. 133-136.
  • Aldabe, J.; Alfredo Rocchi, A. & Mondón, G. 2010. Primer registro de Chlidonias leucopterus (Charadriiformes: Sternidae) para Brasil y Sudamérica. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 18(3): 261-262.
  • Aleixo, A. & Galetti, M. 1997. The conservation of the avifauna in a lowland Atlantic forest in south-east Brazil. Bird Conservation International, 7: 235-261.
  • Aleixo, A.; Carneiro, L.S. & Dantas, S.M. 2012. Aves. In: Martins, F.D.; Castilho, A.; Campos, J.; Hatano, F.M. & Rolim, S.G. (Orgs.). Fauna da Floresta Nacional de Carajás: estudos sobre vertebrados terrestres. São Paulo, Nitro Imagens. p. 98-139.
  • Allen, A.P. & Connor, R.J.O. 2000. Hierarchical correlates of bird assemblage structure on notheastern U.S.A. lakes. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 62(1): 15-37.
  • Almeida, B.J.M. & Ferrari, S.F. 2010. Seasonal and longitudinal variation in the abundance and diversity of shorebirds (Aves, Charadriiformes) on Atalaia beach in northeastern Brazil. Ornitologia Neotropical, 21: 56-580.
  • Almeida, B.J.M.; Rodrigues, R.C.; Mizrahi, D. & Lees, A.C. 2014. A Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus in Maranhão: the second Brazilian record. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 21(3): 213-216.
  • Almeida, R.A.M. 2011a. Corredor do Mindu. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Conservation International. p. 59-67.
  • Almeida, R.A.M. 2011b. Remanso do Boto. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Conservation International. p. 68-73.
  • Almeida-Santos, D.A.; Ferreira, G.S. & Lopes, E.V. 2015. New record of the brown pelican Pelecanus occidentalis in continental waters of the Brazilian Eastern Amazon. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 23(3): 351-353.
  • Altman, B. & Sallabanks, R. 2000. Olive-sided Flycatcher (Contopus cooperi). In: Poole, A. & Gill, F. (Eds.). The Birds of North America. Available at: Available at: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/502 Access in: 25/04/2011.
    » http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/502
  • Alves, M.A.S. 2007. Sistemas de migrações de aves em ambientes terrestres no Brasil: exemplos, lacunas e propostas para o avanço do conhecimento. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 15: 231-238.
  • Alves, M.A.S. & Vecchi, M.B. 2009. Birds of Ilha Grande, state of Rio de Janeiro, Southeastern Brazil. Check List, 5(2): 300-313.
  • Alves, V.S.; Soares, A.B.A. & Couto, G.S. 2004. Aves marinhas e aquáticas das ilhas do litoral do estado do Rio de Janeiro. In: Branco, J.O. (Org.). Aves Marinhas e Insulares Brasileiras (Bioecologia e Conservação). Itajai, Univali Editora. p. 83-100.
  • Antas, P.T.Z. 1983. Migration of Nearctic shorebirds (Charadriidae and Scolopacidae) in Brazil - flyways and their different seazonal use. Wader Study Group Bulletin, 39(1): 52-56.
  • Antas, P.T.Z. 1987. Migração de aves no Brasil. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 2º, 1986, Rio de Janeiro. Anais. Rio de Janeiro, Editora da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. p. 153-187.
  • Antas, P.T.Z. 1994. Migration and other movements among the lower Paraná River valley wetlands, Argentina, and the south Brazil/Pantanal wetlands. Bird Conservation International, 4(2-3): 181-190.
  • Antas, P.T.Z. & Valle, M.P. 1987. Dados preliminares sobre Turdus nigriceps no Distrito Federal. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 2º. Anais. Rio de Janeiro, Editora UFRJ, 1986. 213p.
  • Antas, P.T.Z.; Filippini, A. & Azevedo-Júnior, S.M. 1992. Novos registros de Aves para o Brasil. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 6º. Anais. Pelotas, Universidade Católica de Pelotas, Educat. p. 79-80.
  • Antas, P.T.Z.; Nascimento, J.L.X.; Silva, F. & Scherer, S.B. 1990. Migração de Netta peposaca entre o sul do Brasil e Argentina. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 6º. Anais. Pelotas, Universidade Católica de Pelotas, Educat. p. 59.
  • Antunes, A.Z.; Silva, B.G.; Matsukuma, C.K.; Eston, M.R. & Santos, A.M.R. 2013. Aves do Parque Estadual Carlos Botelho, SP. Biota Neotropica, 13(2): 124-140.
  • Araújo, J.; Azevedo-Júnior, S.M.; Gaidet, N.; Hurtado, R.F.; Walker, D.; Thomazelli, L.M.; Ometto, T.; Seixas, M.M.; Rodrigues, R.; Galindo, D.B.; Silva, A.C.S.; Rodrigues, A.M.M.; Bomfim, L.L.; Mota, M.A.; Larrazábal, M.E.; Branco, J.O.; Serafini, P.; Neto, I.S.; Franks, J.; Webby, R.J.; Webster, R.G. & Durigon, E. 2014. Avian Influenza Virus (H11N9) in migratory shorebirds wintering in the Amazon Region, Brazil. Plos One, 9(10). DOI
  • Areta, J.I. & Bodrati, A. 2010. Un sistema migratorio longitudinal dentro de la Selva Atlántica: movimientos estacionales y taxonomía del Tangará Cabeza Celeste (Euphonia cyanocephala) en misiones (Argentina) y Paraguay. Ornitologia Neotropical, 21(1): 71-86.
  • Areta, J.I. & Repenning, M. 2011. Systematics of the Tawny-Bellied Seedeater (Sporophila hypoxantha): geographic variation, ecology, and evolution of vocalizations. Condor, 113(3): 664-677.
  • Atlas de Registro de Aves Brasileiras (ARA). 2016. Anas sibilatrix. Available at: Available at: http://ara.cemave.net Access in: 15/01/2016.
    » http://ara.cemave.net
  • Azevedo, M.A.G. & Ghizoni-Jr., I.R. 2005. Novos registros de aves para o Estado de Santa Catarina, sul do Brasil. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 126: 9-12.
  • Azevedo, T.R. & Wedekin, L.L. 2000. O grazina-de-cabeça-branca (Pterodroma lessonii, Procellariidae) em Santa Catarina. In: Straube, F.C.; Argel-de-Oliveira, M.M. & Candido Jr., J.F. Ornitologia brasileira no século XX. Curitiba, Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina. p. 224-225. (Congresso Brasileiro de Ornitologia, 8º . Resumos).
  • Azevedo-Júnior, S.M. 2007. Aves Migratórias e a Influenza aviária no Brasil. In: Congresso Brasileiro de Ornitologia, 15º. Resumos. Porto Alegre, PUCRS. p. 27-29.
  • Azevedo-Júnior, S.M. & Antas, P.T.Z. 1990. Observações sobre a reprodução da Zenaida auriculata no Nordeste do Brasil. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 4º. Anais. Recife, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco. p. 65-72.
  • Azevedo-Júnior, S.M. & Larrazábal, M.E. 2011a. Coroa do Avião. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa. Conservation International, 150-154.
  • Azevedo-Júnior, S.M. & Larrazábal, M.E. 2011b. Pontal do Peba. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa., Conservation International. p. 159-162.
  • Azevedo-Júnior, S.M.; Dias, M.M.; Larrazábal, M.E.; Telino-Júnior, W.R.; Lyra-Neves, R.M. & Fernandes, C.J.G. 2001. Recapturas e recuperações de aves migratórias no litoral de Pernambuco, Brasil. Ararajuba, 9(1): 33-42.
  • Azevedo-Júnior, S.M.; Larrazábal, M.E. & Pena, O. 2004. Aves aquáticas dos ambientes antrópicos (salinas) do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil. In: Branco, J.O. (Org.). Aves Marinhas e Insulares Brasileiras (Bioecologia e Conservação). ITAJAÍ, Editora da Univali. p. 255-266.
  • Azpiroz, A.B.; Isacch, J.P.; Dias, R.A.; Di Giacomo, A.S.; Fontana, C.S. & Palarea, C.M. 2012. Ecology and conservation of grassland birds in southeastern South America: a review. Journal of Field Ornithology, 83(3): 217-246.
  • Baars-Klinkenberg, G. & Wattel, J. 1964. Merlin (Falco columbarius) from Bahia, Brazil. Ardea, 52(3-4): 225-226.
  • Baker, A.J.; González, P.M.; Serrano, I.L.; Telino-Júnior, W.R.; Efe, M.A.; Rice, S.; D’Amico, V.L.; Rocha, M.C. & Echave, M.E. 2005. Assessment of wintering area of Red Knots in Maranhão northern Brazil in February 2005. Wader Study Group Bulletin, 197(1): 3-11.
  • Barbieri, E. . 2007 Variação sazonal e abundância de Rynchops niger no estuário de Cananéia-Iguape-Ilha Comprida, São Paulo. Biota Neotropica, 7(2): 21-26.
  • Barbieri, E. 2011. Ilha Comprida. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa., Conservation International. p. 237-241.
  • Barbieri, E. & Paes, E.T. 2008. The Birds at Ilha Comprida Beach. Biota Neotropica, 8(3): 41-50.
  • Barbieri, E.; Delchiaro, R.T.C. & Branco, J.O. 2013. Flutuações mensais na abundância dos Charadriidae e Scolopacidae da praia da Ilha Comprida, São Paulo, Brasil. Biota Neotropica, 13(3). DOI
  • Barbieri, E.; Mendonça, J.T. & Xavier, S.C. 2000. Distribuição da Batuíra-de-bando (Charadrius semipalmatus) ao longo do ano de 1999 na praia da Ilha Comprida. Notas técnicas FACIMAR, 4: 69-76.
  • Barbosa, K.V.C.; Costa, T.V.V. & Silveira, L.F. 2015. Altitudinal range of Nacunda Nighthawk Chordeiles nacunda in northern South America. Cotinga, 37: 110-111.
  • Barquete, V.; Bugoni, L.; Silva-Filho, R.P. & Adornes, A.C. 2006. Review of records and notes on King Penguin (Aptenodytes patagonicus) and Rockhopper Penguin (Eudyptes chrysocome) in Brazil. Hornero, 21(1): 45-48.
  • Bayly, N.J.; Gómez, C.; Hobson, K.A.; González, A.M. & Rosemberg, K.V. 2012. Fall migration of the Veery (Catharus fuscescens) in Northern Colombia: determining the energetic importance of a stopover site. Auk, 129(3): 449-459.
  • Beason, J.P.; Gunn, C.; Potter, K.M.; Sparks, R.A. & Fox, J.W. 2012. The Northern Black Swift: migration path and wintering area revealed. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology, 124(1): 1-8.
  • Bege, L.A. & Pauli, B.T. 1989. As Aves das Ilhas Moleques do Sul - Santa Catarina - Aspectos da Ecologia, etologia e anilhamento das aves marinhas. Florianópolis, FATMA.
  • Bellagamba, G.; Bellagamba-Oliveira, D. & Agne, C.E. 2013. Primeiro registro para o Brasil de Saltatricula multicolor (Passeriformes: Thraupidae). Atualidades Ornitológicas, 174: 8.
  • Bellagamba, G.; Bellagamba-Oliveira, D. & Dias, R.A. 2014. The Grey-bellied Shrike Tyrant (Agriornis micropterus), a new tyrant flycatcher for Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(3): 303-304.
  • Bellagamba-Oliveira, D.; Bellagamba, G. & Rocchi, A. 2013. First record of the Rusty-backed Monjita, Xolmis rubetra (Passeriformes: Tyrannidae) for Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 21(2): 144-146.
  • Belton, W. 1974. Two new southern migrants for Brazil. Auk, 91: 820.
  • Belton, W. 1978. Supplementary list of new birds for Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Auk, 95: 413-415.
  • Belton, W. 1984. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 1. Rheidae through Furnariidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 178(4): 369-636.
  • Belton, W. 1985. Birds of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Part 2. Formicariidae through Corvidae. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History, 180(1): 1-241.
  • Belton, W. 1994. Aves do Rio Grande do Sul: distribuição e biologia. São Leopoldo, Editora da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.
  • Bencke, G.A. 2001. Lista de referência das aves do Rio Grande do Sul. Porto Alegre, Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul.
  • Bencke, G.A. & Souza, F.J. 2013. Upland Goose Chloephaga picta (Anseriformes, Anatidae): first Brazilian record. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 21(4): 292-294.
  • Bencke, G.A.; Dias, R.A.; Bugoni, L.; Agne, C.E.; Fontana, C.S.; Maurício, G.N. & Machado, D.B. 2010. Revisão e atualização da lista das aves do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 100(4): 519-556.
  • Bencke, G.A.; Fontana, C.S. & Mendonça-Lima, A. 2002. Registro de dois novos passeriformes para o Brasil: Serpophaga griseiceps (Tyrannidae) e Asthenes pyrrholeuca (Furnariidae). Ararajuba, 10: 266-269.
  • Bencke, G.A.; Mauricio, G.N.; Develey, P.F. & Goerck, J.M. 2006. Áreas importantes para a Conservação das aves no Brasil: Parte I - Estados do Domínio da Mata Atlântica. São Paulo, SAVE Brasil.
  • Bencke, G.A.; Ott, P.; Moreno, I.; Tavares, M. & Caon, G. 2005. Old World birds new to the Brazilian territory recorded in the Archipelago of São Pedro and São Paulo, equatorial Atlantic Ocean. Ararajuba, 13(1): 126-129.
  • Bernadon, B. & Valsecchi, J. 2014. First record of the Andean Flamingo in the Brazilian Amazon. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(3): 285-287.
  • Berthold, P. 2001. The phenomena of bird migration. Bird Migration: a general survey. New York, Oxford University Press.
  • Bierregaard Jr., R.O. 1994. Geranoaetus polyosoma. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. 183.
  • Bierregaard Jr., R.O. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016a. Swallow-tailed Kite (Elanoides forficatus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/52963 Access in: 22/09/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/52963
  • Bierregaard Jr., R.O. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016b. Snail Kite (Rostrhamus sociabilis). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/52971 Access in: 21/06/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/52971
  • Bierregaard Jr., R.O.; Marks, J.S. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016. Plumbeous Kite (Ictinia plumbea). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/52976 Access in: 28/04/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/52976
  • Bildstein, K.L. 2004. Raptor migration in the neotropics: patterns, processes, and consequences. Ornitologia Neotropical, 15(Suppl.): 83-99.
  • Billerman, S.M.; Huber, G.H.; Winkler, D.V.; Safran, R.J. & Lovette, I.J. 2011. Population genetics of a recent transcontinental colonization of South America by breeding Bran Swallows (Hirundo rustica). Auk, 28(3): 506-513.
  • BirdLife International. 2016. Country profile: Brazil. Available at: Available at: www.birdlife.org/datazone/country/brazil Access in: 14/04/2016.
    » www.birdlife.org/datazone/country/brazil
  • Blanco, D.E.; Lanctot, R.B.; Isaac, J.P. & Gill, V.A. 2004. Pastizales templados del sur de América del Sur como hábitat de aves playeras migratorias. Ornitología Neotropical, 15(Suppl.): 159-167.
  • Bonan, A. 2014. Ardeola ralloides. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/species/squacco-heron-ardeola-ralloides Access in: 24/02/2014.
    » www.hbw.com/species/squacco-heron-ardeola-ralloides
  • Borges, S.H.; Cohn-Haft, M.; Carvalhaes, A.M.P.; Henriques, L.M.; Pacheco, J.F. & Whittaker, A. 2001. Birds of the Jaú National Park, Brazilian Amazon: species check-list, biogeography and conservation. Ornitologia Neotropical, 12(2): 109-140.
  • Bornschein, M.R.; Cáceres, N.C.; Ferreira, W.V.; Freitas, D.R. & Pichorim, M. 2003. Primeiro registro de Knipolegus aterrimus Kaup, 1853 no Brasil (Tyrannidae). Ararajuba, 11(1): 141-144.
  • Bornschein, M.R.; Maurício, G.N. & Sobânia, R.L.M. 2004. First records of the Silvery Grebe Podiceps occipitalis Garnot, 1826 in Brazil in Brazil. Ararajuba, 12(1): 61-63.
  • Bornschein, M.R.; Reinert, B.L. & Pichorim, M. 1997. Notas sobre algumas aves novas ou pouco conhecidas no sul do Brasil. Ararajuba, 5(1): 53-59.
  • Bostwick, K. 2004a. Pseudocolopteryx flaviventris. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 289.
  • Bostwick, K. 2004b. Pseudocolopteryx dinelliana. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 289.
  • Bostwick, K. 2016. Subtropical Doradito (Pseudocolopteryx acutipennis). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/57193 Access in: 17/10/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/57193
  • Branco, J.O. 2003. Reprodução das aves marinhas nas ilhas costeiras de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 20(4): 619-623.
  • Brewer, D. 2011. Family Cardinalidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 402-427.
  • Brewer, D. & de Juana, E. 2017. Black-backed Grosbeak (Pheucticus aureoventris). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/62183 Access in: 11/07/2017.
    » www.hbw.com/node/62183
  • Brewer, D. & Orenstein, R.I. 2010. Species accounts of Family Vireonidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 15: Weavers to New World Warblers. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 378-439.
  • Brito, G.R.R.; Nacinovic, J.B. & Teixeira, D.M. 2013. First record of Redwing Turdus iliacus in South America. Bulletin of the British Ornithologist’s Club, 133(4): 316-317.
  • Brown, C.E.; Anderson, C.B.; Ippi, S.; Sherriffs, M.F.; Charlin, R.; McGehee, S. & Rozzi, R. 2007. The autecology of the fío-fío (Elaenia albiceps Lafresnaye & D’orbigny) in subantarctic forests of the Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve, Chile. Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia, 35: 29-40.
  • Bucher, E.H. 1982. Colonial Breeding of the Eared dove (Zenaida auriculata) in Northeastern Brazil. Biotropica, 14(4): 255-261.
  • Bugoni, L. 2006. Great-winged Petrel Pterodroma macroptera in Brazil. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 126(1): 52-54.
  • Bugoni, L. in press. Pterodroma incerta (Schlegel, 1863). In: Livro Vermelho da Fauna Ameaçada de Extinção no Brasil. Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade - ICMBio.
  • Burger, A.E. 1996. Family Chionidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 546-555.
  • Burger, J. & Gochfeld, M. 1996. Family Laridae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 572-623.
  • Burger, J.; Gochfeld, M.; Christie, D.A.; Kirwan, G.M. & Garcia, E.F.J. 2016. Olrog’s Gull (Larus atlanticus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/53964 Access in: 18/05/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/53964
  • Burger, J.; Gochfeld, M.; Garcia, E.F.J. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016. Laughing Gull (Larus atricilla). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/54003 Access in 27/10/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/54003
  • Burgos, K. & Olmos, F. 2013. First record of Corncrake Crex crex (Rallidae) for South America. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 21(3): 205-208.
  • Cabanne, G.S. & Seipke, S.H. 2005. Migration of the rufous-thighed kite (Harpagus diodon) in Southeastern Brazil. Ornitologia Neotropical, 16(4): 547-549.
  • Cabral, S.A.S.; Azevedo-Júnior, S.M. & Larrazábal, M.E. 2006. Abundância sazonal de aves migratórias na Área de Proteção Ambiental de Piaçabuçu, Alagoas, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 23(3): 865-869.
  • Calabuig, C.P.; Green, A.J.; Menegheti, J.O.; Abad, R.M. & Patiño, J. 2010. Fenología del coscoroba (Coscoroba coscoroba) en el sur de Brasil y sus movimientos hacia Argentina. Ornitologia Neotropical, 21(4): 555-566.
  • Callo, P.A.; Morton, E.S. & Stutchbury, B.J.M. 2013. Prolonged spring migration in the Red-eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus). Auk, 130(2): 240-246.
  • Campos, C.E.C.; Naiff, R.H. & Araújo, A.S. 2008. Censo de aves migratórias (Charadriidae e Scolopacidae) da porção norte da bacia amazônica, Macapá, Amapá, Brasil. Ornithologia, 3(1): 38-46.
  • Capllonch, P. 2011. Ruta del Batitú (Bartramia longicauda) a través de la Província de Tucumán, Argentina. Nuestras Aves, 56: 19-20.
  • Capllonch, P. & Wagner, E.M. 2009. Vireo olivaceus chivi y V. o. diversus (Vireonidae): distribución y migración. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 17(3-4): 204-209.
  • Capllonch, P.; Álvarez, M.E. & Blendinger, P.G. 2011. Sobre la migración de Elaenia albiceps chilensis (Aves: Tyrannidae) en Argentina. Acta Zoológica Lilloana, 55(2): 229-246.
  • Capllonch, P.; Ortiz, D. & Soria, K. 2008. Migración del Zorzal común Turdus amaurochalinus (Turdidae) en Argentina. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 16(1): 12-22.
  • Capllonch, P.; Ortiz, D. & Soria, K. 2009. Migraciones de especies de Tyrannidae de la Argentina: Parte 2. Acta Zoológica Lilloana, 53(1-2): 77-79.
  • Carboneras, C. 1992a. Family Anatidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 536-628.
  • Carboneras, C. 1992b. Family Diomedeidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 198-215.
  • Carboneras, C. 1992c. Family Procellariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 216-257.
  • Carboneras, C.; Jutglar, F. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016. Wilson’s Storm-petrel (Oceanites oceanicus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/52582 Access in: 22/09/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/52582
  • Carboneras, C. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016. Blue-winged Teal (Spatula discors). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions, Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/52891 Access in: 08/08/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/52891
  • Cardoso, T.A.L. & Nascimento, J.L.X. 2007. Avaliação de atividades turísticas prejudiciais à permanência de aves migratórias na Coroa do Avião, Pernambuco, Brasil. Ornithologia, 2(2): 170-177.
  • Cardoso, T.A.L. & Zeppelini, D. 2011. Migratory shorebirds during boreal summer and southward migration on the coast of Paraíba, Brazil. Waterbirds, 34(3): 369-375.
  • Carlos, C.J.; Colabuono, F.I. & Vooren, C.M. 2004a. Notes on the Northern Royal Albatross Diomedea sanfordi in south Brazil. Ararajuba, 12(2): 166-167.
  • Carlos, C.J.; Fedrizzi, C.E. & Azevedo-Júnior, S.M. 2005a. Notes on some seabirds of Pernambuco state, north-east Brazil. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 125(2): 140-147.
  • Carlos, C.J.; Trimble, J. & Fedrizzi, C.E. 2004b. A specimen of Cape Petrel Daption capense from north-east Brazil. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 124(4): 287-290.
  • Carlos, C.J.; Voisin, J-F. & Vooren, C.M. 2005b. Records of Southern Giant Petrel Macronectes giganteus solanderi and Northern Giant Petrel M. halli off southern Brazil. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 125(4): 288-292.
  • Carrano, E. & Ribas, C.F. 2000. Novos registros de aves para a região de cerrado no Paraná. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 94: 12.
  • Carvalho, D.L. & Rodrigues, A.A.F. 2011. Spatial and temporal distribution of migrant shorebirds (Charadriiformes) on Caranguejos Island in the Gulf of Maranhão, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 19(4): 486-492.
  • Carvalho, D.L.; Souza, M.A.; Souza, E.A.; Brito, A.C. & Sousa, A.E.B.A. 2010. Primeiro registro do albatroz-de-nariz-amarelo Thalassarche chlororhynchos (Procellariiformes: Diomedeidae) no estado do Maranhão, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 18(3): 258-260.
  • Castro, E.R.; Côrtes, M.C.; Navarro, L.; Galetti, M. & Morellato, P.C. 2012. Temporal variation in the abundance of two species of thrushes in relation to fruiting phenology in the Atlantic rainforest. Emu, 112(2): 137-148. DOI
  • Cavarzere, V.; Del-Rio, G.C.; Schunck, F.; Piacentini, V.Q.; Rêgo, M.A.; Somenzari, M.; Silveira, L.F. 2015. Wintering Sporophila seedeaters in an Amazonian-Cerrado ecotone in central Brazil. Cotinga, 37: 57-58.
  • Cestari, C. 2008. Aves, Charadriidae, Charadrius modestus: Geographic distribution and a recent record to state of São Paulo, Brazil. Check List, 4(4): 464-466.
  • Chantler, P. 1999. Family Apodidae (Swifts). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 5. Barn-owls to hummingbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 388-457.
  • Chesser, R.T. 1994. Migration in South America: an overview of the austral system. Bird Conservation International, 4(2-3): 91-107.
  • Cintra, R. 2011. Pantanal de Poconé. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 193-198.
  • Cintra, R. & Rosas, M. 2011. Parque Nacional de Anavilhanas. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 55-58.
  • Cintra, R.; Kasecker, T. & Melo, A.V. 2011. Reserva de Desenvolvimento Sustentável Piagaçu-Purus. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa., Conservation International. p. 50-54.
  • Cleere, N. 1999. Family Caprimulgidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 5. Barn-owls to hummingbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 302-386.
  • Cleere, N. 2016. Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/55166 Access in: 29/04/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/55166
  • Clement, P.; Harris, A. & Davis, J. 2010. Finches and Sparrows. London, Christopher Helm .
  • Cody, M.L. 2005. Family Mimidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 10: Cuckoo-shrikes to Thrushes. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 448-495.
  • Coelho, E.P.; Alves, V.S.; Soneghet, M.L.L. & Carvalho, F.S. 1990. Levantamento das aves marinhas no percurso Rio de Janeiro-Bahia (Brasil). Boletim do Instituto Oceanográfico, São Paulo, 38(2): 161-167.
  • Collar, N. 2005. Family Turdidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 10: Cuckoo-shrikes to Thrushes. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 514-807.
  • Collar, N. 2016. Slaty Thrush (Turdus nigriceps). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/58292 Access in: 08/11/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/58292
  • Collar, N. & Christie, D.A. 2013. Grey-cheeked Thrush (Catharus minimus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/58373 Access in: 02/05/2015.
    » www.hbw.com/node/58373
  • Collar, N. & de Juana, E. 2015. Creamy-bellied Thrush (Turdus amaurochalinus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/58290 Access in: 02/04/2015.
    » www.hbw.com/node/58290
  • Collar, N.; de Juana, E. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016. Yellow-legged Thrush (Turdus flavipes). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/58307 Access in: 22/07/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/58307
  • Conselho Nacional do Meio Ambiente (CONAMA). 2014. Resolução CONAMA nº 462/2014. Diário Oficial da União: 96.
  • Conservation International. 2009. Plano de Manejo da Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural Fazenda Rio Negro.
  • Cooper, J.; Underhill, L.G. & Avery, G. 1991. Primary molt and transequatorial migration of the sooty shearwater. Condor, 93(3): 724-730.
  • Cordeiro, P.H.C.; Flores, J.M. & Nascimento, J.L.X. 1996. Análise das recuperações de Sterna hirundo no Brasil entre 1980 e 1994. Ararajuba, 4: 3-7.
  • Corrêa, G.V.V. & Pereira, G.A. 2016. Documented record of the Light-mantled Albatross Phoebetria palpebrata (Foster, 1785) from southeastern Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Biology, 76(3): 808-809. DOI
  • Costa, T.V.V.; Andretti, C.B.; Fernandes, A.M.; Vargas, C.F.; Bechtoldt, C.L.; Deslandes, V. & Cohn-Haft, M. 2011. Estação Ecológica Juami-Japurá. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 33-36.
  • Couto, G.S.; Interaminense, L.J.L. & Morette, M.E. 2001. Primeiro registro de Phaethon rubricauda Boddaert, 1783 para o Brasil. Nattereria, 2: 24-25.
  • Cristol, D.A.; Baker, M.B. & Carbone, C. 1999. Differential migration revisited: Latitudinal segregation by age and sex class. Current Ornithology, 15: 33-88.
  • Crozariol, M.A. 2011. Fazenda Nabor. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 242-245.
  • Crozariol, M.A.; Dornas, T.; Pacheco, J.F.; Olmos, F.; Prado, A.D. & Corrêa, A.G. 2012. Primeiros registros do maçarico-grande-de-perna-amarela, Tringa melanoleuca (Gmelin, 1789), (Charadriiformes: Scolopacidae) no estado do Tocantins. Ornithologia, 5(1): 36-38.
  • Cueto, V.R.; Lopez de Casenave, J. & Marone, L. 2008. Neotropical austral migrant landbirds: population trends and habitat use in the central Monte desert, Argentina. Condor, 110(1): 70-79.
  • Cueto, V.R.; Sagario, M.C. & Lopez de Casenave, J. 2016. Do migrating White-crested Elaenia (Elaenia albiceps chilensis) use stopover sites en route to their breeding areas? Evidence from the central Monte desert, Argentina. Emu, 116(3): 301-304. DOI
  • Curson, J. 2010. Family Parulidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 15: Weavers to New World Warblers. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 666-802.
  • Curson, J. 2016a. American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/61497 Access in: 19/10/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/61497
  • Curson, J. 2016b. Northern Waterthrush (Seiurus noveboracensis). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/61502 Access in: 04/06/2015.
    » www.hbw.com/node/61502
  • Curson, J. 2016c. Canada Warbler (Wilsonia canadensis). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/61502 Access in: 04/06/2015.
    » www.hbw.com/node/61502
  • D’Angelo-Neto, S. & Vasconcelos, M.F. 2007. Distribuição geográfica de duas populações migratórias do bigodinho, Sporophila lineola (Linnaeus, 1758), em Minas Gerais, Brasil. Ornithologia, 2(1): 25-27.
  • d’Horta, F.M. 2011. Alto Guaporé. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 188-192.
  • Dantas, G.P.M.; Almeida, V.S.; Maracini, P.; Serra, S.D.; Chame, M.; Labarthe, N.; Kolesnikovas, C.; Siciliano, S.; Matias, C.A.R.; Moura, J.F.; Campos, S.D.E.; Mader, A. & Serafini, P.P. 2013. Evidence for northward extension of the winter range of Magellanic Penguins along the Brazilian coast. Marine Ornithology, 41(2): 195-197.
  • De Luca, A.; Develey, P.F. & Olmos, F. 2006. Final report, waterbirds in Brazil. São Paulo, SAVE Brasil.
  • del Hoyo, J. 1992. Family Phoenicopteridae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 508-527.
  • del Hoyo, J.; Boesman, P. & Garcia, E.F.J. 2016a. Chilean Flamingo (Phoenicopterus chilensis). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/52786 Access in: 09/08/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/52786
  • del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016b. Southern Swift (Chaetura meridionalis). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/467189 Access in: 29/04/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/467189
  • Dénes, F.V.; Carlos, C.J. & Silveira, L.F. 2007. The great albatrosses of the genus Diomedea Linnaeus, 1758 in Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 15(4): 543-550.
  • Di Giácomo, A.S. & Di Giácomo, A.G. 2004. Extincíon, historia natural y conservación de las poblaciones del yetapá de collar (Alectrurus risora) em la Argentina. Ornitologia Neotropical, 15(Suppl.): 145-157.
  • Di Giácomo, A.S. & Krapovickas, S. 2005. Conserving the grassland Important Bird Areas (IBAs) of southern South America: Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Brazil. USDA Forest Service General Technical Reports, 1243-1249.
  • Dias, D.F.; Rocha, R.P. & Lees, A.C. 2013. First documented record of the Ruff Philomachus pugnax (Scolopacidae) in Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 21(2): 126-128.
  • Dias, M.P.; Alho, M.; Granadeiro, J.P. & Catry, P. 2015. Wanderer of the deepest seas: migratory behaviour and distribution of the highly pelagic Bulwer’s petrel. Journal of Ornithology, 156(4): 955-962.
  • Dias, R.A. 2011. Litoral Sul do Rio Grande do Sul. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 352-357.
  • Dias, R.A. & Cardozo, J.B. 2014. First record of the Puna Flamingo Phoenicoparrus jamesi (Sclater, 1886) (Aves: Phoenicopteridae) for the Atlantic coast of South America. Check List, 10(5): 1150-1151.
  • Dias, R.A.; Agne, C.E.; Gianuca, D.; Gianuca, A.; Barcellos-Silveira, A. & Bugoni, L. 2010a. New records, distribution and status of six seabird species in Brazil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 100(4): 379-390.
  • Dias, R.A.; Gianuca, A.; Vizentin-Bugoni, J. & Coimbra, M.A.A. 2010b. New documented records for two bird species in southernmost Brazil, including the first mention of Agriornis murinus for the country and comments on vagrancy. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 18(2): 124-129.
  • Dias, R.A.; Gianuca, D.; Gianuca, A.T.; Júnior, A.G.; Chiaffitelli, R. & Ferreira, W.L.S. 2011. Estuário da Lagoa dos Patos. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa., Conservação Internacional. p. 335-341.
  • Dingle, H. 2014. Migration - the biology of life on the move. Croydon, UK, Oxford University Press. 326p.
  • Dornas, T. & Pinheiro, R.T. 2011. Ilha do Bananal e Planície do Cantão. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 111-115.
  • Dornas, T.; Pacheco, J.F. & Olmos, F. 2013. Ocorrência de caboclinhos austrais (Emberizidae, Sporophila sp.) no Cerrado Norte, Brasil: extensão da distribuição geográfica e implicações para conservação. Atualidades Ornitológicas On-line, 176: 58-63.
  • Efe, M.A. 2004. Aves marinhas das ilhas do Espírito Santo. In: Branco, J.O. (Org.). Aves Marinhas e Insulares Brasileiras (Bioecologia e Conservação). Itajaí, Editora da Univali, p. 101-118.
  • Efe, M.A. & Musso, C.M. 2001. Primeiro registro de Puffinus lherminieri no Brasil. Nattereria, 2: 21-23.
  • Efe, M.A. & Serafini, P.P. in press. Puffinus lherminieri Lesson, 1839. In: Livro Vermelho da Fauna Ameaçada de Extinção no Brasil. Brasília, Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade - ICMBio.
  • Elliott, A. 1992. Family Pelecanidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 290-311.
  • Endo, W.; Haugaasen, T. & Peres, C.A. 2014. Seasonal abundance and breeding habitat occupancy of the Orinoco Goose (Neochen jubata) in western Brazilian Amazonia. Bird Conservation International, 24(4): 518-529.
  • Faaborg, J.; Holmes, R.T.; Anders, A.D.; Bildstein, K.L.; Dugger, K.M.; Gauthreaux Jr., S.A.; Heglund, P.; Hobson, K.A.; Jahn, A.E.; Johnson, D.H.; Latta, S.C.; Levey, D.J.; Marra, P.P.; Merkord, C.L.; Nol, E.; Rothstein, S.I.; Sherry, T.W.; Sillett, T.S.; Thompson III, F.R. & Warnock, N. 2010a. Recent advances in understanding migration systems of New World land birds. Ecological Monographs, 80(1): 2-48.
  • Faaborg, J.; Holmes, R.T.; Anders, A.D.; Bildstein, K.L.; Dugger, K.M.; Gauthreaux Jr., S.A.; Heglund, P.; Hobson, K.A.; Jahn, A.E.; Johnson, D.H.; Latta, S.C.; Levey, D.J.; Marra, P.P.; Merkord, C.L.; Nol, E.; Rothstein, S.I.; Sherry, T.W.; Sillett, T.S.; Thompson, F.R. & Warnock, N. 2010b. Conserving migratory land birds in the New World: Do we know enough? Ecological Applications, 20: 398-418.
  • Farnsworth, A. & Langham, G.M. 2004a. Xolmis coronatus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotingas to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 393.
  • Farnsworth, A. & Langham, G.M. 2004b. Fluvicola albiventer. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions, p. 388.
  • Farnsworth, A. & Langham, G.M. 2004c. Knipolegus striaticeps. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 377.
  • Farnsworth, A. & Langham, G.M. 2004d. Knipolegus hudsoni. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 377.
  • Farnsworth, A. & Langham, G.M. 2004e. Knipolegus aterrimus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 379.
  • Farnsworth, A. & Langham, G.M. 2004f. Muscisaxicola maclovianus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 401.
  • Farnsworth, A. & Langham, G.M. 2004g. Xolmis rubetra. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 394.
  • Farnsworth, A. & Langham, G.M. 2004h. Agriornis murinus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotingas to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 396.
  • Farnsworth, A. & Langham, G.M. 2004i. Neoxolmis rufiventris. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotingas to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 391.
  • Farnsworth, A. & Lebbin, D.J. 2004a. Empidonax alnorum. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 360.
  • Farnsworth, A. & Lebbin, D.J. 2004b. Contopus cooperi. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 367.
  • Farnsworth, A. & Lebbin, D.J. 2004c. Contopus virens. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 369.
  • Farnsworth, A. & Lebbin, D.J. 2004d. Lessonia rufa. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotingas to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 375.
  • Farnsworth, A. & Lebbin, D. 2004e. Myiophobus fasciatus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions. p. 348.
  • Farnsworth, A. & Lebbin, D. 2004f. Pyrocephalus rubinus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 374.
  • Farnsworth, A. & Lebbin, D. 2004g. Lathrotriccus euleri. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 354.
  • Farnsworth, A. & Lebbin, D.J. 2004h. Hymenops perspicillatus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 375.
  • Farnsworth, A.; Langham, G. & de Juana, E. 2016. Grey-bellied Shrike-tyrant (Agriornis micropterus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions , Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/57435 Access in: 19/01/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/57435
  • Fedrizzi, C.E. & Carlos, C.J. 2011. Planície Costeira Central do Rio Grande do Sul. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 331-334.
  • Fedrizzi, C.E.; Carlos, C.J.; Vaske Jr., T.; Bugoni, L.; Viana, D. & Véras, D.P. 2007. Western Reef-Heron Egretta gularis in Brazil (Ciconiiformes: Ardeidae). Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 15(3): 481-483.
  • Ferguson-Lees, J. & Christie, D.A. 2001. Raptors of the World. Boston, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
  • Ferreira, A.A. & Bagno, M.A. 2000. Período de permanência de Turdus nigriceps Seebohm, 1887 (Aves, Passeriformes, Turdinae) no Distrito Federal. Ararajuba, 8(1): 45-47.
  • Ferreira, W.L.S.; Gomes-Júnior, A. & Chiaffitelli, R. 2011. Lagoinha da Barra. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 347-351.
  • Fitzpatrick, J.W. 1980. Wintering of North American Tyrant Flycatchers in the Neotropics. In: Keast, A. & Norton, E.S. (Eds.). Migrant Birds in the Neotropics: ecology, behaviour, distribution and conservation. Washington, Smithsonian Institution Press. p. 67-78.
  • Fitzpatrick, J.W. 2004. Family Tyrannidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 170-463.
  • Fitzpatrick, J.W. 2016. Plain Tyrannulet (Inezia inornata). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/57249 Access in: 24/06/2016).
    » www.hbw.com/node/57249
  • Fjeldså, J. 2013. Serpophaga griseicapilla. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. & Christie, D.A. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World: Special Volume - New Species and Global Index. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 216.
  • Flood, B. & Fisher, A. 2013. Pterodroma Petrels. Isles of Scilly, Boob Flood & Ashley Fisher. 278p. ( Multimedia identification guide to North Atlantic Seabirds ).
  • Fonseca, V.S.S.; Petry, M.V. & Fonseca, F.L.S. 2001. Ocorrência de petrel-azul (Halobaena caerulea) no litoral do Brasil. Ornitologia Neotropical, 12(4): 355-356.
  • Fonseca-Neto, F.P. 2004. Aves marinhas da ilha Trindade. In: Branco, J.O. (Org.). Aves Marinhas e Insulares Brasileiras (Bioecologia e Conservação). Itajaí, Editora da Univali. p. 119-146.
  • Fraga, R. & Christie, D.A. 2016. Bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/62323 Access in: 12/06/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/62323
  • Fuller, M.R.; Seegar, W.S. & Schueck, L.S. 1998. Routes and travel rates of migrating Peregrine Falcons Falco peregrinus and Swainson’s Hawks Buteo swainsoni in the Western Hemisphere. Journal of Avian Biology, 29(4): 433-440.
  • Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul (FZBRS). 2013. Revisão da Lista das Espécies da Fauna Silvestre Ameaçadas de Extinção no Rio Grande do Sul. Consulta Pública. Available at: Available at: www.fzb.rs.gov.br/upload/1396360907_fauna_ameacada.pdf FZBRS e SEMA/RS. Access in: 17/06/2015.
    » www.fzb.rs.gov.br/upload/1396360907_fauna_ameacada.pdf
  • Furness, R.W. 1996. Family Stercorariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 556-571.
  • Furness, R.W.; Kirwan, G.M.; de Juana, E. & Garcia, E.F.J. 2016. Long-tailed Jaeger (Stercorarius longicaudus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/53960 Access in: 2710/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/53960
  • Furness, R.W. 2016. Great Skua (Catharacta skua). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/53957 Access in: 06/10/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/53957
  • Gagliardi, R.L. 2006. Novo registro brasileiro para a mariquita-do-canadá, Canada Warbler, Wilsonia canadensis (Linnaeus, 1766). Atualidades Ornitológicas, 132: 14.
  • Garcia-Perez, B.; Hobson, K.A.; Powell, R.L.; Still, C.J. & Huber, G.H. 2013. Switching hemispheres: a new migration strategy for the disjunct argentinean breeding population of Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica). Plos One, 8(1): e55654.
  • Ghizoni-Jr., I.R. & Azevedo, M.A.G. 2010. Registros de algumas aves raras ou com distribuição pouco conhecida em Santa Catarina, sul do Brasil, e relatos de três novas espécies para o Estado. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 154: 33-46.
  • Ghizoni-Jr., I.R. & Piacentini, V.Q. 2010. The Andean Flamingo Phoenicoparrus andinus (Philippi, 1854) in southern Brazil: is it a vagrant? Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 18(3): 263-266.
  • Gianuca, D. 2007. Ocorrência sazonal e reprodução do socó-caranguejeiro Nyctanassa violacea no estuário da Lagoa dos Patos (RS, Brasil), novo limite sul da sua distribuição geográfica. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 15(3): 464-467.
  • Gianuca, D. Peppes, F.V. & Neves, T. 2011. New records of “shy-type” albatrosses Thalassarche steadi/cauta in Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 19(4): 545-551.
  • Girão, W. & Albano, C. 2011a. Ilha Grande. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 129-132.
  • Girão, W. & Albano, C. 2011b. Região do Banco dos Cajuais. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 137-140.
  • Girão, W.; Albano, C.; Campos, A.A.; Pinto, T. & Carlos, C.J. 2008. Registros documentados de cinco novos trinta-réis (Charadriiformes: Sternidae) no estado do Ceará, nordeste do Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 16(3): 252-255.
  • Girão, W.; DiCostanzo, J.; Campos, A. & Albano, C. 2006. First record of the Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica (Linnaeus, 1758) for the Brazilian mainland. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 14(4): 468-469.
  • Global Register of Migratory Species (GROMS). 2008. Available at: Available at: www.groms.de. Access in: 10/05/2008.
    » www.groms.de.
  • Gochfeld, M. & Burger, J. 1996. Family Sternidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 624-667.
  • Gochfeld, M. & Burger, J. 2016a. Snowy-crowned Tern (Sterna trudeaui). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/54030 Access in: 25/04/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/54030
  • Gochfeld, M. & Burger, J. 2016b. Sandwich Tern (Thalasseus sandvicensis). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/54016 Access in: 07/10/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/54016
  • Gochfeld, M.; Burger, J.; Kirwan, G.M.; Christie, D.A.; de Juana, E. & Garcia, E.F.J. 2016a. Sooty Tern (Onychoprion fuscatus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/54043 Access in: 25/04/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/54043
  • Gochfeld, M.; Burger, J. & Christie, D.A. 2016b. Common Tern (Sterna hirundo). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/54025 Access in: 10/10/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/54025
  • Gochfeld, M.; Burger, J. & Garcia, E.F.J. 2016c. Arctic Tern (Sterna paradisaea). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/54026 Access in: 25/04/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/54026
  • Gonsioroski, G. 2014. Primeiro registro documentado de Leucophaeus pipixcan e novos registros de Stercorarius parasiticus e Chlidonias niger (Charadriiformes) no estado do Maranhão. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 180: 14-15.
  • Gonzaga, L.P. 1983. Notas sobre Dacnis nigripes Pelzeln, 1856 (Aves, Coerebidae). Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 63: 45-58.
  • González-Solís, J.; Croxall, J.P.; Oro, D. & Ruiz, X. 2007. Trans-equatorial migration and mixing in the wintering areas of a pelagic seabird. Frontiers in Ecology and Environmental, 5(6): 297-301.
  • Grantsau, R.K.H. 2002. Primeiro registro documentado de Phrygilus fruticeti (Kittitz, 1833) para o Brasil (Rio Grande do Sul). Ararajuba, 10(2): 261-277.
  • Grantsau, R.K.H. 2010. Guia completo para a identificação das aves do Brasil. São Paulo, Vento Verde.
  • Gratto-Trevor, C.L. & Dickson, H.L. 1994. Confirmation of elliptical migration in a population of Semipalmated Sandpiper. Wilson Bulletin, 106(1): 78-90.
  • Greenberg, R. & Marra, P.P. 2005. Birds of two worlds: the ecology and evolution of migration. Baltimore, The John Hopkins University Press.
  • Grose, A.V. & Cremer, M.J. 2011. Novo Registro do falaropo-de-bico-grosso Phalaropus fulicarius (Aves, Charadriiformes) no Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 19(4): 552-553.
  • Guaraldo, A.C.; Kelly, J.F. & Marini, M.A. 2016. Contrasting annual cycles of an intratropical migrant and a tropical resident bird. Journal of Ornithology, 157(3): 695-705. DOI
  • Guilford, T.C.; Meade, J.; Freeman, R.; Biro, D.; Evans, T.; Bonadonna, F.; Boyle, D.; Roberts, S. & Perrins, C.M. 2008. GPS tracking of the foraging movements of Manx shearwaters Puffinus puffinus breeding on Skomer Island, Wales. Ibis, 150(3): 462-473.
  • Guilford, T.C.; Meade, J.; Willis, J.; Philips, R.A.; Boyle, D.; Roberts, S.; Collett, M.; Freeman, R. & Perrins, C.M. 2009. Migration and stopover in a small pelagic seabird, the Manx shearwaters Puffinus puffinus: insights from machine learning. Proceedings of The Royal Society B: Biological Science, London, 276(1660): 1215-1223. DOI
  • Guilherme, E. 2007. Levantamento preliminar da avifauna do complexo de Florestas Públicas Estaduais do Mogno e dos Rios Liberdade e Gregório, município de Tarauacá, estado do Acre, como subsídio para elaboração de seus planos de manejo. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 136: 1-8.
  • Guilherme, E. & Aleixo, A. 2011. Estação Ecológica do Rio Acre. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 104-106.
  • Guilherme, E.; Aleixo, A.; Guimarães, J.O.; Dias, P.R.F.; Amaral, P.P.; Zamora, L.M. & Souza, M.S. 2005. Primeiro registro de Phoenicoparrus jamesi (Aves, Phoenicopteriformes) para o Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 13(2): 212-214.
  • Hamilton, S.A.; Moller, H. & Robertson, C.J.R. 1997. Distribution of Sooty Shearwater (Puffinus griseus) breeding colonies along the Otago coast, New Zealand, with indication of countrywide population trends. Notornis, 44(1): 15-25.
  • Harrington, B.A.; Antas, P.T.Z. & Silva, F. 1986. Northward shorebird migration on the Atlantic Coast of Southern Brazil. Vida Silvestre Neotropical, 1(1): 45-54.
  • Harrington, B.A.; Leeuwenberg, F.J.; Lara-Resende, S.; McNeil, R.; Thomas, B.T.; Grear, J.S. & Martinez, E.F. 1991. Migration and mass change of White-rumped Sandpipers in North and South America. Wilson Bulletin, 103(4): 621-636.
  • Harris, M.P. & Hansen, L. 1974. Seabird transects between Europe and Rio Plate, South America, in autumn 1973. Dansk Ornitologisk Forenings Tidsskrift, 68(3-4): 117-137.
  • Harrison, P. 1983. Seabirds an identification guide. Boston, Houghton Miffin Company.
  • Hays, H.; DiCostanzo, J.; Cormons, G.; Antas, P.T.Z.; Nascimento, J.L.X.; Nascimento, I.L.S. & Bremer, R.E. 1997. Recoveries of roseate and common terns in South America. Journal of Field Ornithology, 68(1): 79-90.
  • Heckscher, C.M.; Taylor, S.M.; Fox, J.W. & Afanasyev, V. 2011. Veery (Catharus fuscescens) wintering locations, migratory connectivity, and a revision of its winter range using geolocator technology. Auk, 128(3): 531-542.
  • Hilty, S.L. 2011. Family Thraupidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. p. 46-329.
  • Holmes, R.T. & Sherry, T.W. 1992. Site fidelity of migratory warblers in temperate breeding and Neotropical wintering areas: implications for population dynamics, habitat selection, and conservation. In: Hagan III, J.M. & Johnston, D.W. (Eds.). Ecology and conservation of Neotropical migrant landbirds. Washington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution Press. p. 563-575.
  • Hosner, P.A. 2004a. Elaenia spectabilis. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 268.
  • Hosner, P.A. 2004b. Elaenia chiriquensis. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 272.
  • Hosner, P.A. 2016. White-crested Elaenia (Elaenia albiceps). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/57145 Access in: 13/01/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/57145
  • Houston, D. 1994. Vultur gryphus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. Handbook of the birds of the world, Vol. 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 40.
  • Hurtado, R.; Serafini, P.P.; Vanstreels, R.E.T.; Olsen, K.M. & Durigon, E.L. 2012. Northernmost record of Brown Skua Stercorarius antarcticus (Lesson 1831) at Maranhão state, northern Brazil. Boletín Chileno de Ornitología, 18(1-2): 52-56.
  • Instituto Brasileiro de Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis (IBAMA). 1999. Plano de Manejo do Parque Nacional da Lagoa do Peixe. Brasília, Instituto Nacional do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis.
  • Instituto Brasileiro de Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis (IBAMA). 2005. Plano de Manejo da Área de Proteção Ambiental de Fernando de Noronha - Rocas - São Pedro e São Paulo.
  • Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade (ICMBio). 2010. Projeto Nacional de Monitoramento do Pinguim de Magalhães, Spheniscus magellanicus.
  • Irusta, J.B. & Sagot-Martin, F. 2011. Complexo Litorâneo da Bacia Potiguar. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Conservation International. p. 141-145.
  • ISO/TC 46. 2013. Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions. Part 2: Country subdivision codes. International Standardization Organization ISO 3166-2.
  • Jahn, A.E. & Cueto, V.R. 2012. The potential for comparative research across New World bird migration systems. Journal of Ornithology, 153(1): 199-205.
  • Jahn, A.E.; Levey, D.J. & Smith, K.G. 2004. Reflections across hemispheres: a system-wide approach to new world bird migration. Auk, 121(4): 1005-1013.
  • Jahn, A.E.; Levey, D.J.; Farias, I.P.; Mamani, A.M.; Vidoz, J.Q. & Freeman, B. 2010. Morphological and genetic variation between migratory and nonmigratory Tropical Kingbirds during spring migration in central South America. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology, 122(2): 236-243.
  • Jahn, A.E.; Cueto, V.R.; Fox, J.W.; Husak, M.S.; Kim, D.H.; Landoll, D.V.; Ledezma, J.P.; LePage, H.K.; Levey, D.J.; Murphy, M.T. & Renfrew, R.B. 2013a. Migration timing and wintering areas of three species of flycatchers (Tyrannus) breeding in the Great Plains of North America. Auk, 130: 247-257.
  • Jahn, A.E.; Levey, D.J.; Cueto, V.R.; Ledezma, J.P.; Tuero, D.T.; Fox, J.W. & Masson, D. 2013b. Long-distance bird migration within South America revealed by light-level geolocators. Auk, 130(2): 223-229.
  • Jahn, A.E.; Seavy, N.E.; Bejarana, V.; Guzmán, M.B.; Provinciato, I.C.C.; Pizo, M.A. & MacPherson, M. 2016. Intra-tropical migration and wintering areas of Fork-tailed Flycatchers (Tyrannus savana) breeding in São Paulo, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 24(2): 116-121.
  • Jaramillo, A. 2011a. Sporophila caerulescens. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 654.
  • Jaramillo, A. 2011b. Sporophila ruficollis. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 659.
  • Jaramillo, A. 2011c. Sporophila palustris. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 659.
  • Jaramillo, A. 2011d. Sporophila cinnamomea. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 660-661.
  • Jaramillo, A. 2011e. Phrygilus fruticeti. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 607.
  • Jaramillo, A. 2011f. Diuca diuca. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 616-617.
  • Jaramillo, A. 2011g. Sporophila luctuosa. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 653.
  • Jaramillo, A. & de Juana, E. 2016. Black-bellied Seedeater (Sporophila melanogaster). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/62136 Access in: 21/07/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/62136
  • Jaramillo, A. & Kirwan, G.M. 2015. Lined Seedeater (Sporophila lineola). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/62117 Access in: 18/07/2015.
    » www.hbw.com/node/62117
  • Jiménez, J.E.; Jahn, A.E.; Rozzi, R. & Seavy, N.E. 2016. First Documented Migration of Individual White-Crested Elaenias (Elaenia albiceps chilensis) in South America. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology, 128(2): 419-425.
  • Jiménez, S.; Marquez, A.; Abreu, M.; Foeselledo, R.; Pereira, A. & Domingo, A. 2015. Emu, 115: 58/62.
  • Jones, J.; Norris, D.R.; Girvan, M.K.; Barg, J.J.; Kuser, T.K. & Robertson, R.J. 2008. Migratory connectivity and rate of population decline in a vulnerable songbird. Condor, 110(3): 538-544.
  • Joseph, L. 1996. Preliminary climatic overview of migration patterns in South American austral migrant passerines. Ecotropica, 2(2): 185-193.
  • Joseph, L. 2004. Myiarchus swainsoni. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 432.
  • Juhant, M.A. & Areta, J.I. 2013. Distribution and migration of Mississippi Kites in South America. Journal of Field Ornithology, 84(3): 255-261.
  • Kantek, D.L.Z. & Onuma, S.S.M. 2013. Primeiro registro documentado da Gaivota-de-Franklin Leucophaeus pipixcan Wagler, 1831 para o bioma Pantanal, Brasil. Ornithologia, 6(1): 106-108.
  • Kasecker, T. & Silva, J.M.C. 2011. Parque Nacional da Amazônia. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 92-95.
  • Kirwan, G.M.; Bostock, N.; Hornbuckle, J.; Marshall, A. & Oxlade, M. 2012. Does Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica breed in the interior of continental South America? Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 132(2): 133-135.
  • Klein, S. 2011. WA766260, Bulweria bulwerii (Jardine & Selby, 1828). In: WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: Available at: www.wikiaves.com/766260 Access in: 06/03/2014.
    » www.wikiaves.com/766260
  • Kristensen, M.W.; Tøttrup, A.P. & Thorup, K. 2013. Migration of the Common Redstart (Phoenicurus phoenicurus): A Eurasian songbird wintering in highly seasonal conditions in the West African Sahel. Auk, 130(2): 258-264.
  • Krügel, M.M.; Dias, R.A.; Bencke, G.A. & Repenning, M. 2013. Sporophila cinnamomea. In: Serafini, P.P. (Ed.). Plano de Ação Nacional para a Conservação dos Passeriformes Ameaçados dos Campos Sulinos e Espinilho. Brasilia, ICMBio. p. 103-107. (Série Espécies Ameaçadas, 31).
  • Krul, R.; Straube, F.C. & Urben-Filho, A. 2011. Litoral sul do Paraná. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 298-305.
  • Lanctot, R.B.; Aldabe, J.; Almeida, J.B.; Blanco, D.; Isacch, J.P.; Jorgensen, J.; Norland, S.; Rocca, P. & Strum, K.M. 2010. Conservation Plan for the Buff-breasted Sandpiper (Tryngites subruficollis). Version 1.1. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and Manomet Center for Conservation Sciences, Manomet.
  • Lanyon, W.E. 1982. Evidence for wintering and resident populations of swainson’s flycatcher (Myiarchus swainsoni) in Northern Suriname. Auk, 99(3): 581-582.
  • Laranjeiras, T.O.; Andretti, C.B.; Bechtoldt, C.; Cerqueira, M.C.; Costa, T.V.V.; Lima, G.R.; Naka, L.N.; Pacheco, A.M.F.; Santos Jr., M.A.; Sardelli, C.H.; Torres, M.F.; Vargas, C.F. & Cohn-Haft, M. 2010. High bird richness in Viruá Nacional Park, Roraima, Brazil. In: International Ornithological Congress, 25º. Abstracts. Campos do Jordão. p. 591. Available at: www.internationalornithology.org/documents/abstracts_isbn_1101191.pdf
    » www.internationalornithology.org/documents/abstracts_isbn_1101191.pdf
  • Leal, S.; Serapião, L.C.H. & Pereira, G.A. 2013. Registros documentados da gaivota-de-franklin Leucophaeus pipixcan (Wagler, 1831) no Nordeste do Brasil e da gaivota-de-cabeça-cinza Chroicocephalus cirrocephalus (Vieillot, 1817) nos Estados de Alagoas e Pernambuco. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 21(1): 105-108.
  • Lebbin, D.J. 2005. Aberrant Plumage in a Black-and-White Tanager (Conothraupis speculigera). Boletín SAO, 15(2): 100-104.
  • Lees, A.C. 2016. Evidence for longitudinal migration by a “sedentary” Brazilian flycatcher, the Ash-throated Casiornis. Journal of Field Ornithology, 87(3): 251-259.
  • Lees, A.C. & Martin, R.W.E. 2014. Exposing hidden endemism in a Neotropical forest raptor using citizen science. Ibis, 157(1): 103-114.
  • Lima, B.A. & Aulicino, C.A. 2008. Registro documentado de Mimus triurus (Mimidae) para o Estado de São Paulo. Atualidades Ornitológicas On-line, 141: 103-104.
  • Lima, L.M.; Schunck, F.; Siciliano, S.; Carlos, C.J.; Rennó, B.; Fonseca-Neto, F.P.; Fedrizzi, C.E.; Albano, C. & Moura, J.F. 2010. Distribuição, abundância e sazonalidade de Leucophaeus atricilla (Charadriiformes: Laridae) no Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 18(3): 199-206.
  • Lima, P.C. 2006. Aves do Litoral Norte da Bahia - Birds of the Northern Coastal Region of Bahia. Atualidades Ornitológicas. Bahia, AO. 616p. Available at: www.ao.com.br/download/inbahia.pdf
    » www.ao.com.br/download/inbahia.pdf
  • Lima, P.C.; Hays, H.; Rocha, R.C.F. & dos Santos, S.S. 2001a. Recuperação de Sterna dougallii anilhadas nos EUA e Europa. In: Congresso Brasileiro de Ornitologia, 9º. Resumos. Curitiba, SOB. p. 257-258.
  • Lima, P.C.; Grantsau, R.; Lima, R.C.F.R. & Santos, S.S. 2001b. Notas sobre os registros brasileiros de Calonectris edwardsii (Oustalet, 1883) e Pelagodroma marina hypoleuca (Moquin-Tandon, 1841) e primeiro registro de Phalacrocorax bransfieldensis Murphy, 1936 para o Brasil. Ararajuba, 10(2): 261-277.
  • Lima, P.C.; Grantsau, R.; Lima, R.C.F.R. & Santos, S.S. 2002. Notas sobre os registros brasileiros de Calonectris edwardsii (Oustalet, 1883) e Pelagodroma marina hypoleuca (Moquin-Tandon, 1841) e primeiro registro de Phalacrocorax bransfieldensis Murphy, 1936 para o Brasil. Ararajuba, 10(2): 261-277.
  • Lima, P.C.; Grantsau, R.; Lima, R.C.F.R. & Santos, S.S. 2004a. Primeiro registro para o nordeste brasileiro do albatroz-de-cabeça-cinza (Diomedea c. cauta Gould, 1841). Atualidades Ornitológicas, 118: 3.
  • Lima, P.C.; Lima, R.C.F.R.; Hays, H.; Santos, S.S.; Cormons, T.; Cormons, G.; Dicostanzo, J.; Lima, T.N.C. 2004b. Recuperações de Sterna eurygnatha Saunders, 1876 na Bahia, Brasil, entre 1995 e 2004. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 122: 4.
  • Lima, P.C.; Grantsau, R.; Lima, R.C.F.R. & Santos, S.S. 2004c. Occurrence and mortality of seabirds along the Northern Coast of Bahia, and the identification key of the Procellariiformes Order and the Stercorariidae Family. Cetrel S.A. Salvador, Cetrel. 63p. (Relatório Técnico). Available at: www.ao.com.br/download/seabirds.pdf
    » www.ao.com.br/download/seabirds.pdf
  • Lima, P.C.; Hays, H.; Lima, R.C.F.R.; Cormons, T. & Cormons, G. 2005. Recuperações de Sterna hirundo (Linnaeus, 1758) na Bahia, Brasil entre 1995 e 2004. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 13(2): 177-179.
  • Lincoln, F.C. 1979. Migration of birds. Fish & Wildlife Service/United States Department of the Interior. Circular, 16: 1-119.
  • Llimona, F. & del Hoyo, J. 1992. Family Podicipedidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 174-196.
  • Lyra-Neves, R.M.; Azevedo-Júnior, S.M. & Telino-Júnior, W.R. 2004. Monitoramento do maçarico-branco, Calidris alba (Pallas) (Aves, Scolopacidae), através de recuperações de anilhas coloridas, na Coroa do Avião, Igarassu, Pernambuco, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 21(2): 319-324.
  • Lyra-Neves, R.M.; Azevedo-Júnior, S.M.; Telino-Júnior, W.R. & Larrazábal, M.E.L. 2012. The Birds of the Talhado do São Francisco Natural Monument in the Semi-Arid Brazilian Northeast. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 20(3): 268-289.
  • Machado, C.G. 1997. Vireo olivaceus (Vireonidae): uma espécie migratória nos bandos mistos de aves na Mata Atlântica do sudeste brasileiro. Ararajuba, 5(1): 60-62.
  • Machado, E. 2009. Sporophila hypoxantha Cabanis, 1851, Passeriformes, Emberizidae. In: Bressan, P.M.; Kierulff, M.C.M. & Sugieda, A.M. (Eds.). Fauna ameaçada de extinção no Estado de São Paulo: vertebrados. São Paulo, Fundação Parque Zoológico de São Paulo, Secretaria do Meio Ambiente. p. 259.
  • Machado, E. & Silveira, L.F. 2010. Geographical and seasonal distributions of the seedeaters Sporophila bouvreuil and Sporophila pileata (Aves: Emberizidae). Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, 50(32): 517-533.
  • Maciel, E. & Blanco, C.E. 2014. Primeiro registro da batuíra-de-papo-ferrugíneo, Oreopholus ruficollis e redescoberta do falcão-de-peito-laranja, Falco deiroleucus no estado do Rio de Janeiro. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 178: 4.
  • Maciel, E. & Gaertner, A. 2014. Primeiro registro documentado da calhandra-de-três-rabos, Mimus triurus (Passerida: Mimidae) para o estado do Rio de Janeiro. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 181: 23.
  • Maclean, G.L. 1996. Glareola pratincola. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J.(Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 381-382.
  • Mallet-Rodrigues, F. 2002. Invalidação do registro supostamente brasileiro de Wilsonia canadensis. Ararajuba, 10(2): 261-277.
  • Mallet-Rodrigues, F. 2003. Registro documentado do azulinho (Passerina glaucocaerulea) no Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 113: 3.
  • Marini, M.A. & Cavalcanti, R.B. 1990. Migracões de Elaenia albiceps chilensis e Elaenia chiriquensis albivertex (Aves: Tyrannidae). Boletim do Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi Serie Zoologia, 6: 59-67.
  • Marques, E.L. & Guilherme, E. 2014. Primeiro registro de Geothlypis agilis (Passeriformes: Parulidae) no Estado do Acre, Brasil. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 178: 26.
  • Marques, O.A.V.; Martins, M.; Develey, P.F.; Macarrão, A. & Sazima, I. 2012. The golden lancehead Bothrops insularis (Serpentes: Viperidae) relies on two seasonally plentiful bird species visiting its island habitat. Journal of Natural History, 46(13-14): 885-895.
  • Martin, T.G.; Chades, I.; Arcese, P.; Marra, P.P.; Possingham & Norris, D.R. 2007. Optimal Conservation of Migratory Species. Plos One, 2(8): e751. DOI
  • Martínez, I. 1992. Family Spheniscidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 140-161.
  • Martinez, J. & Prestes, N.P. 2002. Ecologia e conservação do papagaio-charão Amazona pretrei. In: Galetti, M. & Pizo, M.A. (Eds.). Ecologia e conservação de psitacídeos no Brasil. Belo Horizonte, Melopsittacus. p. 173-192.
  • Martínez-Vilalta, A. & Motis, A. 1992. Family Ardeidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 376-429.
  • Martuscelli, P.; Silva-e-Silva, R. & Olmos, F. 1997. A large prion Pachyptila wreck in south-east Brazil. Cotinga, 8: 55-57.
  • Matheu, E. & del Hoyo, J. 1992. Family Threskiornithidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 472-506.
  • Maurício, G.N. & Dias, R.A. 1996. Novos registros e extensões de distribuição de aves palustres e costeiras no litoral sul do Rio Grande do Sul. Ararajuba, 4(1): 47-51.
  • Maurício, G.N.; Barreto, J. & Bugoni, L. 2014. The Kerguelen Petrel Lugensa brevirostris in the Southwestern Atlantic Ocean, with notes on osteology- and plumage-based identification. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(1): 42-48.
  • Maurício, G.N.; Bencke, G.A.; Repenning, M.; Borges-Machado, D.; Dias, R.A. & Bugoni, L. 2013. Review of the breeding status of birds in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 103(2): 163-184.
  • Medeiros, R.C.S. & Marini, M.A. 2007. Biologia reprodutiva de Elaenia chiriquensis (Lawrence) (Aves, Tyrannidae) em Cerrado do Brasil Central. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 24(1): 12-20.
  • Melo, A.V.; Cintra, R.; Santos, P.M.R.S. & Tibúrcio, J.E.P. 2011. Reserva de Desenvolvimento Sustentável Mamirauá. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 37-41.
  • Mestre, L.A.M. 2007. Registros das migrações de trinta-réis-boreal Sterna hirundo: análise das recuperações de indivíduos marcados na América do Norte (1928-2005) e Brasil (1983-2005). Ornithologia, 2(2): 81-87.
  • Mestre, L.A.M.; Roos, A.L. & Nunes, M.F. 2010. Análise das recuperações no Brasil de aves anilhadas no exterior entre 1927 e 2006. Ornithologia, 4(1): 15-35.
  • Meyer, D. 2015. Azure Gallinule, Porphyrio flavirostris (Aves: Rallidae): first record for the state of Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil. Check List, 11(5): 1732.
  • Mizrahi, D.S.; Peters, K.A. & Hodgetts, P.A. 2012. Energetic condition of Semipalmated and Least Sandpipers during northbound migration staging periods in Delaware Bay. Waterbirds, 35(1): 135-145.
  • Mobley, J. 2004a. Pitangus sulphuratus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 408.
  • Mobley, J. 2004b. Myiodynastes maculatus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 414.
  • Mobley, J. 2004c. Tyrannus albogularis. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 419.
  • Mobley, J. 2004d. Tyrannus melancholicus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 419.
  • Mobley, J. 2004e. Tyrannus savana. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 425.
  • Mobley, J. 2004f. Tyrannus tyrannus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 422.
  • Mobley, J. 2004g. Griseotyrannus aurantioatrocristatus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 416.
  • Mobley, J. 2004h. Empidonomus varius. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 416.
  • Mobley, J. 2004i. Tyrannus dominicensis. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 423.
  • Mobley, J. 2004j. Myiodynastes luteiventris. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 413.
  • Mobley, J. 2016. Plain Becard (Pachyramphus validus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/57550 Access in: 20/01/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/57550
  • Mobley, J. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016. Piratic Flycatcher (Legatus leucophaius). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/57455 Access in: 21/07/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/57455
  • Mohr, L.V. 2004. Novo registro do pingüim-rei Aptenodytes patagonicus para o Brasil. Ararajuba, 12(1): 78-79.
  • Morrison, R.I.G. & Ross, R.K. 1989. Atlas of Neartic shorebirds on the coast of South America. Ottawa, Canadian Wildlife Service, Special Publication. 2v.
  • Morrison, R.I.G.; Serrano, I.L.; Antas, P.T.Z. & Ross, K. 2008. Aves migratórias no Pantanal: Distribuição de aves limícolas neárticas e outras espécies aquáticas no Pantanal. Brasília, WWF Brasil. 99p. Available at: http://assets.wwfbr.panda.org/downloads/aves_migratorias_portugues_2_internet.pdf
    » http://assets.wwfbr.panda.org/downloads/aves_migratorias_portugues_2_internet.pdf
  • Myers, J.P.; Salaberry, M.; Castro, G.; Maron, J.L.; Ortiz, E.; Schik, C.T. & Tabilo, E. 1985. Migracion interhemisferica del playero blanco (Calidris alba): nuevas observaciones del Programa Panamericano de Chorlos y Playeros. El Volante Migratorio, 4: 23-27.
  • Nacinovic, J.B. 1991. Primeiro registro de Anas acuta Linnaeus, 1758 e Anas versicolor Vieillot, 1816 no sudeste do Brasil. In: Congresso Brasileiro de Zoologia, 18º. Resumos. Salvador, UFBa. p. 374.
  • Nacinovic, J.B. & Teixeira, D.M. 1987. Sobre a ocorrência de Ardea purpurea (Linnaeus, 1758) e Ardeola ralloides (Scopoli, 1607) no Brasil (Ciconiiformes, Ardeidae). In: Congresso Brasileiro de Zoologia, 14º. Resumos. Juiz de Fora, Sociedade Brasileira de Zoologia. p. 147.
  • Naka, L.N.; Barnett, J.M.; Kirwan, G.M.; Tobias, J.A. & Azevedo, M.A.G. 2000. New and noteworthy bird records from Santa Catarina state, Brazil. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 120(4): 237-250.
  • Naka, L.N.; Rodrigues, M.; Roos, A.L. & Azevedo, M.A.G. 2002. Bird Conservation on Santa Catarina Island, Southern Brazil. Bird Conservation International, 12(2): 123-150.
  • Nascimento, J.L.X. 2011. Parque Nacional da Lagoa do Peixe. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 321-324.
  • Nascimento, J.L.X. & Santos, P.J.P. 2010. Preparação pré-migratória de Sterna hirundo (Charadriiformes, Sternidae) no Parque Nacional da Lagoa do Peixe, Rio Grande do Sul. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 18(4): 307-314.
  • Nascimento, J.L.X.; Antas, P.T.Z. & Castro, I.N. 1992. Censo aéreo de flamingos Phoenicopterus ruber e guarás Eudocimus ruber na costa do estado do Amapá. In: Congresso Brasileiro de Ornitologia, 2º. Resumos. Campo Grande, SOB.
  • Nascimento, J.L.X.; Antas, P.T.Z.; Silva, F.M.B.V. & Scherer, S.B. 2000. Migração e dados demográficos do marrecão Netta peposaca (Anseriformes, Anatidae), no sul do Brasil, Uruguai, Paraguai e norte da Argentina. Melopsittacus, 3(4): 143-158.
  • Nascimento, J.L.X.; Flores, J.M.; Ataguile, B.S.; Koch, M.; Scherer, S.B. & Santos, P.J.P. 2001. Biological aspects of the Black-necked Swan (Cygnus melancoryphus) and Coscoroba Swan (Coscoroba coscoroba) in Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. Melopsittacus, 4(1): 31-38.
  • Nascimento, J.L.X.; Flores, J.M.; Scherer, A.; Efe, M.A. & Scherer, S.B. 2003. Dados biológicos de marrecas (Aves, Anatidae) no Rio Grande do Sul - Alguns resultados do projeto conservação de anatídeos no cone sul-americano. In: V Encontro Nacional de Biólogos, 5º e Encontro Nordestino de Biólogos, 2º. Resumos. p. 170.
  • Nassar, P.M. & Melo, A.V. 2015. New record of Tyrannus dominicensis for Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 23(4): 437-438.
  • Negret, A. 1988. Fluxos migratórios na avifauna da reserva ecológica do IBGE, Brasília, DF, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 5(2): 209-214.
  • Neves, T.S. & Olmos, F. 2001. O Albatroz-de-Tristão Diomedea dabbenena no Brasil. Nattereria, 2: 19-20.
  • Neves, T.S.; Olmos, F.; Peppes, F. & Mohr, L.V. 2006. Plano de Ação Nacional para a Conservação de Albatrozes e Petréis (Planacap); com colaboração do Grupo de Trabalho para a Conservação de Albatrozes e Petréis. Brasilia, IBAMA. (Série Espécies Ameaçadas, 2).
  • Newman, K. 1983. Birds of Southern Africa. Macmillan.
  • Newton, I. 2010. The Migration Ecology of Birds. London, Academic Press.
  • Niles, L.J.; Burger, J.; Porter, R.R.; Dey, A.D.; Minton, C.D.T.; Gonzalez, P.M.; Baker, A.J.; Foz, J.M. & Gordon, C. 2010. First results using light level geolocators to track Red Knots in the Western Hemisphere show rapid and long intercontinental flights and new details of migration pathways. Wader Study Group Bulletin, 117(2): 123-130.
  • Nimer, E. 1977. Clima. In: Geografia do Brasil, Região Nordeste, vol. 2. Rio de Janeiro, Fundação Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. p. 47-83.
  • Nóbrega, P.F.A.; Aguiar, J.A.B. & Figueira, J.E.C. 2015. First records of Charadrius semipalmatus, Bonaparte 1825 (Charadriidae) and Gelochelidon nilotica Gmelin 1789 (Sternidae) in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Biology, 75(2): 451-454. DOI
  • Norris, D.R.; Marra, P.P.; Bowen, G.J.; Ratcliffe, L.M.; Royle, J.A. & Kyser, T.K. 2006. Migratory connectivity of a widely distributed songbird, the American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla). In: Boulet, M. & Norris, D.R. (Eds.). Patterns of Migratory Connectivity in Two Nearctic-Neotropical Songbirds: New Insights from Intrinsic Markers. Ornithological Monographs, 61: 14-28.
  • Nunes, A.P. & Tomas, W.M. 2004. Aves migratórias ocorrentes no Pantanal: caracterização e conservação. EMBRAPA Pantanal. (Documentos 62).
  • Nunes, A.P. & Tomas, W.M. 2008. Aves migratórias e nômades ocorrentes no Pantanal. EMBRAPA Pantanal.
  • Nunes, A.P.; Silva, P.A. & Tomas, W.M. 2008. Novos registros de aves para o Pantanal, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 16(2): 160-164.
  • Nunes, A.P.; Tizianel, F.A.T. & Tomas, W.M. 2011. Pantanal Sul: sub-regiões Nhecolândia e Paiaguás. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 199-204.
  • Nunes, G.T.; Hoffmann, L.S.; Macena, B.C.L.; Bencke, G.A. & Bugoni, L. 2015. A Black Kite Milvus migrans on the Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 23(1): 31-35.
  • Oliveira Jr., P.R.; Neto, M.N.; Christianini, A.V. & Francisco, M.R. 2014. On the nest, eggs, and hatchlings of the Yellow-legged Thrush Turdus flavipes flavipes in Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22: 4.
  • Olmos, F. 1997. Seabird flocks attending bottom long-line fishing off southeastern Brazil. Ibis, 139(4): 685-691.
  • Olmos, F. 2000a. Registro documentado e novas observações de Fregetta grallaria para o Brasil (Procellariiformes: Hydrobatidae). Nattereria, 1: 20-22.
  • Olmos, F. 2000b. Revisão dos registros de Fregetta tropica para o Brasil (Procellariiformes: Hydrobatidae). Nattereria, 1: 27-28.
  • Olmos, F. 2000c. Revisão dos registros de Stercorarius pomarinus no Brasil, com notas sobre registros de S. longicaudus e S. parasiticus (Charadriiformes: Stercorariidae). Nattereria, 1: 29-33.
  • Olmos, F. 2002a. Non-breeding seabirds in Brazil: a review of band recoveries. Ararajuba, 10(1): 31-42.
  • Olmos, F. 2002b. First Record of Northern Royal Albatross (Diomedea sanfordi) in Brazil. Ararajuba, 10(2): 271-172.
  • Olmos, F. 2008. Diomedea dabbenena Mathews 1929. In: Machado, A.B.M.; Drummond, G.M.; Paglia, A.P. (Orgs.). Livro Vermelho da Fauna Ameaçada de Extinção no Brasil, vol. 2. Brasília, Ministério do Meio Ambiente e Fundação Biodiversitas. p. 388-389.
  • Olmos, F. & Bugoni, L. 2006. Agregações de aves marinhas associadas à pesca de espinhel-de-fundo na região sudeste-sul do Brasil. In: Neves, T.; Bugoni, L. & Rossi, C.L.D.B. (Orgs.). Aves oceânicas e suas interações com a pesca na Região Sudeste-Sul do Brasil. São Paulo, Instituto Oceanográfico, USP. p. 69-81.
  • Olmos, F. & Pacheco, J.F. 2008. Large Puple Martin Progne subis Roosts in the Araguaia Valley, Central Brazil. Cotinga, 29: 117.
  • Olmos, F.; Bugoni, L. Neves, T. & Peppes, F. 2006. Caracterização das aves oceânicas que interagem com a pesca de espinhel no Brasil. In: Neves, T.; Bugoni, L. & Rossi, C.L.D.B. (Orgs.). Aves oceânicas e suas interações com a pesca na Região Sudeste-Sul do Brasil. São Paulo, Instituto Oceanográfico, USP. p. 37-67.
  • Olmos, F.; Martuscelli, P.; Silva, R.S. & Neves, T.S. 1995. The seabirds of São Paulo, southeastern Brazil. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 115(2): 117-128.
  • Olmos, F.; Silveira, L.F. & Benedicto, G.A. 2011. A Contribution to the Ornithology of Rondônia, Southwest of the Brazilian Amazon. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 19(2): 200-229.
  • Olrog, C.C. 1969. El anillado de aves en Argentina, 1961-1968. Sexto Informe. Neotropica, 15: 82-88.
  • Olrog, C.C. 1971. El anillado de aves en Argentina, 1961-1971. Septimo Informe. Neotropica, 17(53): 97-100.
  • Olrog, C.C. 1974. Recoveries of banded Argentine waterfowl. Bird Banding, 45: 170-177.
  • Olson, S.L. 1981. Natural history of vertebrates on the Brazilian islands of the mid South Atlantic. National Geographic Society Research Reports, 13: 481-492.
  • Oren, D.C. 1991. Aves do Estado do Maranhão. Goeldiana Zoologia, 9: 1-55.
  • Orenstein, R.I. 2011. Family Cardinalidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 330-427.
  • Orta, J. 1992a. Family Phaethontidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 280-289.
  • Orta, J. 1992b. Family Phalacrocoracidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 326-353.
  • Orta, J. 1994. Falco tinnunculus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 259.
  • Ortiz, D. & Capllonch, P. 2007. Distribución y migración de Sporophila c. caerulescens en Sudamérica. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 15(3): 377-385.
  • Pacheco, J.F. 2000. O registro brasileiro de Philomachus pugnax (Charadriiformes: Scolopacidae) divulgado por Sick: autoria e elucidação de pequenas questões. Nattereria, 1: 19.
  • Pacheco, J.F. 2005. Ocorrência acidental de Buteo polyosoma (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) na Ilha de Cabo Frio, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Ararajuba, 12(2): 168-169.
  • Pacheco, J.F. & Gonzaga, L.P. 1994. Tiranídeos do estado do Rio de Janeiro provenientes de regiões austrais da América do Sul. Notulas Faunisticas, 63: 1-4.
  • Pacheco, J.F.; Astor, I.N.C. & Bauer, C. 2010. Avifauna da Reserva Biológica de Poço das Antas, Silva Jardim, RJ. Atualidades Ornitológicas On-line, 157: 55-74.
  • Pacheco, J.F.; Branco, J.O. & Piacentini, V.Q. 2009. Olrog’s Gull Larus atlanticus in Santa Catarina, Brazil: northernmost occurrence and first state Record. Cotinga, 31: 149.
  • Pacheco, J.F.; Kirwan, G.M.; Aleixo, A.; Whitney, B.M.; Whittaker, A.; Minns, J.; Zimmer, K.J.; Fonseca, P.S.M.; Lima, M.F.C. & Oren, D.C. 2007. An avifaunal inventory of the CVRD Serra dos Carajás project, Pará, Brazil. Cotinga, 27: 15-30.
  • Parrini, R. & Carvalho, C.E.S. 2009. Primeiro registro de Xema sabini (Charadriiformes: Laridae) para o Brasil. Atualidades Ornitológicas On-line, 151: 53.
  • Parrini, R.; Willoughby, P.J.; Rehen, M.P. 2002. Primeiros registros de Dendroica virens (Gmelin, 1789) para o Brasil. Ararajuba, 10(2): 266.
  • Patrial, L.W.; Pessoa, A.S.P. & Pereira, G.A. 2011. Primeiro registro do pelicano-peruano Pelecanus thagus no Brasil e registro documentado do pelicano-pardo P. occidentalis na costa leste brasileira. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 19(4): 539-540.
  • Payne, R.B. 1997. Family Cuculidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 4: Sandgrouse to Cuckoos. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 508-607.
  • Payne, R.B. & Bonan, A. 2013. Ash-colored Cuckoo (Coccycua cinerea). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/54889 Access in: 30/07/2015.
    » www.hbw.com/node/54889
  • Paynter Jr., R.A. 1995. Nearctic Passerine migrants in South America. Cambridge, Nuttall Ornithological Club.
  • Pelzeln, A. 1870. Zur ornithologie brasiliens. Resultate von Johann Natterers reisen in den jahren 1817 bis 1835. Dargestellt von Johann Natterer. Wien, Druck Verlag a Pichler’s Witwe & Sohn.
  • Pérez-Villamayor, N.; Colmán-Jara, A & Straube F.C. 2014. Circunstanciação do registro de Pseudocolopteryx dinelliana na fronteira entre o Brasil e o Paraguai. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 178: 25.
  • Petry, M.V.; Basler, A.B. & Santos, C.R. 2016. First record of Fregetta tropica (Procellariiformes: Hydrobatidae) on the coast of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Oecologia Australis, 20(1): 119-121.
  • Petry, M.V.; Bencke, G.A. & Klein, G.N. 1991. First record of the Shy Albatross Diomedea cauta for the Brazilian coast. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 111: 189-190.
  • Petry, M.V.; Bugoni, L. & Silva Fonseca, V.S. 2000. Occurrence of the Cape Verde Shearwater Calonectris edwardsii on the Brazilian coast. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 120(3): 198-200.
  • Petry, M.V.; Fonseca, V.S.S.; Krüger-Garcia, L.; Piuco, R.C. & Brummelhaus, J. 2008. Shearwater diet during migration along the coast of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Marine Biology, 154(4): 613-621.
  • Phillips, R.A.; Silk, J.R.D.; Croxall, J.P. & Afanasyev, V. 2006. Year-round distribution of white-chinned petrels from South Georgia: relationships with oceanography and fisheries. Biological Conservation, 129(3): 336-347.
  • Piacentini, V.Q.; Aleixo, A.; Agne, C.E.; Maurício, G.N.; Pacheco, J.F.; Bravo, G.A.; Brito, G.R.R.; Naka, L.N.; Olmos, F.; Posso, S.; Silveira, L.F.; Betini, G.S.; Carrano, E.; Franz, I.; Lees, A.C.; Lima, L.M.; Pioli, D.; Schunck, F.; Amaral, F.R.; Bencke, G.A.; Cohn-Haft, M.; Figueiredo, L.F.A.; Straube F.C. & Cesari, E. 2015. Annotated checklist of the birds of Brazil by the Brazilian Ornithological Records Committee/Lista comentada das aves do Brasil pelo Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicos. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 23(2): 91-298.
  • Piacentini, V.Q.; Wedekin, L.L. & Daura-Jorge, F.G. 2005. Petrels, skuas and other migrant seabirds in a costal bay in Santa Catarina state, southern Brazil. Cotinga, 24: 55-59.
  • Piersma, T.; Gils, J. & Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Scolopacidae (sandpipers, snipes and phalaropes). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 444-533.
  • Pinheiro, R.T. & Dornas, T. 2009. Distribuição e conservação das aves na região do Cantão, Tocantins: ecótono Amazônia/Cerrado. Biota Neotropica, 9(1): 187-205.
  • Pinheiro, R.T.; Dornas, T.; Reis, E.S.; Barbosa, M.O. & Rodello, D. 2008. Birds of the urban area of Palmas, TO: composition and conservation. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 16(4): 339-347.
  • Pinto, O.M.O. 1944. Catálogo das Aves do Brasil. Parte 2: Passeriformes. São Paulo, Publicação do Departamento de Zoologia, Secretaria de Agricultura, Indústria e Comércio.
  • Poole, A.F.; Kirwan, G.M.; Christie, D.A. & Marks, J.S. 2014. Osprey (Pandion haliaetus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/52947 Access in: 30/04/2014.
    » www.hbw.com/node/52947
  • Prestes, N.P. & Martinez, J. 2008. Amazona pretrei (Temminck, 1830). In: Machado, A.B.M.; Drummond, G.M.; Paglia, A.P. (Orgs.). Livro Vermelho da Fauna Ameaçada de Extinção no Brasil, vol. 2. Brasília, Ministério do Meio Ambiente e Fundação Biodiversitas. p. 459-460.
  • Prestes, N.P.; Martinez, J.; Meyrer, P.A.; Hansen, L.H. & Xavier, M.N. 1997. Nest characteristics of the Red-spectacled Parrot Amazona pretrei Temminck, 1830 (Psittacidae). Ararajuba, 5(2): 151-158.
  • Pyle, P.; Engilis Jr., A. & Kelt, D.A. 2015. Manual for ageing and sexing landbirds of Bosque Fray Jorge National Park and North-central Chile, with notes on occurrence and breeding seasonality. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science, Special Publication. 156p.
  • Ramírez, I.; Paiva, V.H.; Menezes, D.; Silva, I.; Phillips, R.A.; Ramos, J.A. & Garthe, S. 2013. Year-round distribution and habitat preferences of the Bugio petrel. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 476: 269-284.
  • Rappole, J.H. 1995. The ecology of migrant birds: a Neotropical perspective. Washington, Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Reid, T.A.; Wanless, R.M.; Hilton, G.M.; Phillips, R.A. & Ryan, P.G. 2013. Foraging range and habitat associations of non-breeding Tristan albatrosses: overlap with fisheries and implications for conservation. Endangered Species Research, 22: 39-49.
  • Remsen Jr., J.V. 2001. True winter range of the veery (Catharus fuscescens): lessons for determining winter ranges of species that winter in the tropics. Auk, 118(4): 838-848.
  • Remsen Jr., J.V. 2003. Family Furnariidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 8: Broadbills to Tapaculos. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 162-357.
  • Remsen Jr., J.V. & Parker III, T.A. 1990. Seasonal distribution of the Azure Gallinule (Porphyrula flavirostris), with comments on vagrancy in rails and gallinules. Wilson Bulletin, 102(3): 380-399.
  • Renfrew, R.B.; Kim, D.; Perlut, N.; Smith, J.; Fox, J. & Marra, P.P. 2013. Phenological matching across hemispheres in a long-distance migratory bird. Diversity and Distributions, 19(8): 1008-1019.
  • Repenning, M. & Fontana, C.S. 2008. Novos registros de aves raras e/ou ameaçadas de extinção na Campanha do sudoeste do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 16(1): 58-63.
  • Repenning, M. & Fontana, C.S. 2013. A new species of gray seedeater (Emberizidae: Sporophila) from upland grasslands of Southern Brazil. Auk, 130(4): 791-803.
  • Ridgely, R.S. & Tudor, G. 1989. The birds of South America, Vol. I: The Oscine Passerines. Austin, University of Texas Press.
  • Ridgely, R.S. & Tudor, G. 1994. The birds of South America, Vol. II: The suboscine passerines. Austin, University of Texas Press.
  • Ridgely, R.S. & Tudor, G. 2009. Field Guide to the Songbirds of South America. The Passerines. Austin, University of Texas Press.
  • Rising, J.D. 2011. Family Emberizidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 428-683.
  • Robbins, C.S.; Fitzpatrick, J.W. & Hamel, P.B. 1992. A warbler in trouble: Dendroica cerulea. In: Hagan III, J.M. & Johnston, D.W. (Eds.). Ecology and conservation of Neotropical migrant landbirds. Washington, D.C., Smithsonian Press. p. 549-562.
  • Robbins, M. 2004. Suiriri islerorum. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 276.
  • Rodrigues, A.A.F. 2000. Seasonal abundance of Nearctic Shorebirds in the Gulf of Maranhão, Brasil. Journal of Field Ornithology, 71(4): 665-675.
  • Rodrigues, A.A.F. & Carvalho, D.L. 2011a. Reentrâncias Paraenses. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 85-87.
  • Rodrigues, A.A.F. & Carvalho, D.L. 2011b. Reentrâncias Maranhenses e Golfão Maranhense. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 122-124.
  • Rodrigues, A.A.F.; Bezerra, L.R.P.; Pereira, A.S.; Carvalho, D.L. & Lopes, A.T.L. 2010. Reprodução de Sternula antillarum (Charadriiformes: Sternidae) na costa amazônica do Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 18(3): 216-221.
  • Rodrigues, R.C.; Araújo, H.F.P.; Lyra-Neves, R.M.; Telino-Júnior, W.R.; Botelho, M.C.N. 2007. Caracterização da avifauna na Área de Proteção Ambiental de Guadalupe, Pernambuco. Ornithologia, 2(1): 47-61.
  • Roos, A.L. & Piacentini, V.Q. 2003. Revisão dos registros sul-brasileiros do gênero Phoebetria Reichenbach, 1853 e primeiro registro documentado de Phoebetria palpebrata (Forster, 1785) (Procellariiformes: Diomedeidae) para Santa Catarina. Ararajuba, 11(2): 223-225.
  • Rovedder, C.; Repenning, M. & Fontana, C.S. 2013. Sporophila melanogaster. In: Serafini, P.P. (Ed.). Plano de Ação Nacional para a Conservação dos Passeriformes Ameaçados dos Campos Sulinos e Espinilho. Brasilia, Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação e Biodiversidade. p. 108-111. (Série Espécies Ameaçadas, 31).
  • Ruiz-Esparza, J.; Rocha, P.A.; Ruiz-Esparza, D.P.B.; Ribeiro, A.D.S. & Ferrari, S.F. 2011. Migratory birds in the semi-arid Caatinga scrublands of northeastern Brazil: diversity and seasonal patterns. Ornitologia Neotropical, 22: 15-24.
  • Sampaio, C.L.S. & Castro, J.O. 1998. Registros de Phoebetria palpebrata (Foster, 1785) no litoral da Bahia, Nordeste do Brasil (Procellariiformes: Diomedeidae). Ararajuba, 6(2): 136-137.
  • Sanaiotti, T.M. & Cintra, R. 2001. Breeding and migrating birds in an Amazonian savanna. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 36(1): 23-32.
  • Santos, M.P.D. 2011. Cajueiro da Praia. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 251-263.
  • Santos, P.M.R.S.; Cintra, R.; Melo, A.V. & Tibúrcio, J.E.P. 2011. Reserva de Desenvolvimento Sustentável Amanã. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa., Conservation International, p. 42-45.
  • Santos, T.R. & Alves, M.A.S. 2011. Região costeira do Rio de Janeiro, no corredor da Serra do Mar. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa., Conservation International, p. 251-263.
  • Savigny, C.; Caille, G.; González, R.; Harris, G. 2005. El petrel de Trinidae (Pterodroma arminjoniana) en el Golfo de San Matìas: uma nueva especie para Argentina. El Hornero: Revista de Ornitología Neotropical, 20(2): 183-186.
  • Scherer-Neto, P.; Straube, F.C.; Carrano, E. & Urben-Filho, A. 2011. Lista das aves do Paraná: edição comemorativa do “Centenário da Ornitologia do Paraná. Curitiba, Hori Consultoria Ambiental.
  • Scholes, E. 2004. Casiornis fuscus. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, 428.
  • Scholes, E. & Boesman, P. 2016. Ashthroated Casiornis (Casiornis fuscus). In: Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/57494 Access in: 31/07/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/57494
  • Schuchmann, K.L. 1999. Family Trochilidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 5. Barn-owls to hummingbirds. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 468-682.
  • Schulz-Neto, A. 2004. Aves marinhas do Atol das Rocas. In: Branco, J.O. (Org.). Aves Marinhas e Insulares Brasileiras (Bioecologia e Conservação). Itajaí, Ed. Univali. p. 169-192.
  • Schunck, F. 2007. Primeiros registros documentados de Podiceps occipitalis Garnot, 1826 e de Fulica leucoptera Vieillot, 1817 para o estado de São Paulo. In: Congresso Brasileiro de Ornitologia, 15º. Livro de Resumos. Porto Alegre, SOB. p. 73.
  • Schunck, F. 2011a. Bacia Hidrográfica do reservatório Guarapiranga, São Paulo, SP. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 227-236.
  • Schunck, F. 2011b. Parque Ecológico do Tietê. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 246-250.
  • Schwertner, C.A.; Fenalti, P.R. & Fenalti, O.A. 2011. Um novo passeriforme para o Brasil: Muscisaxicola maclovianus (Passeriformes: Tyrannidae). Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 19(3): 453-454.
  • Scott, D.A. & Brooke, M. de L. 1985. The endangered avifauna of southeastern Brazil: a report on the BOU/WWF expeditions of 1980/81 and 1981/82. In: Diamond, A.W. & Lovejoy, T.E. (Eds.). Conservation of tropical forest. Cambridge, International Council for Bird Preservation. p. 115-139.
  • Sechrist, J.D.; Paxton, E.H.; Ahlers, D.D.; Doster, R.H. & Ryan, V.M. 2012. One year of migration data for a Western Yellow-billed Cuckoo. Western Birds, 43(1): 2-11.
  • Seco-Pon, J.P. & Tamini, L. 2013. New records of shy-type albatrosses Thalassarche cauta/T. steadi off the Argentine Continental Shelf. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 21(4): 263-268.
  • Sekercioglu, C.H. 2010. Partial migration in tropical birds: the frontier of movement ecology. Journal of Animal Ecology, 79(5): 933-936.
  • Sergio, F.; Tanferna, A.; De Stephanis, R.; Jiménez, L.L.; Blas, J.; Tavecchia, G.; Preatoni, D. & Hiraldo, F. 2014. Individual improvements and selective mortality shape lifelong migratory performance. Nature, 515(7527): 410-413.
  • Serpa, G.; Malacco, G.B.; Aleixo, A.; Darski-Silva, B. & Madeira, S. 2014. Range extension of the known distribution of the Black-backed Grosbeak, Pheucticus aureoventris (Passeriformes: Cardinalidae) in Brazil, with the first records for the states of Rondônia, Amazonas and Goiás. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 22(1): 38-41.
  • Serrano, I.L. 2011. Área de Proteção Ambiental das Reentrâncias Maranhenses. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 118-121.
  • Sick, H. 1969. Aves Brasileiras Ameaçadas de Extinção de Noções Gerais de Conservação de Aves no Brasil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 41(Suppl.): 205-229.
  • Sick, H. 1979. Notes on some brazilian birds. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 99(4): 115-120.
  • Sick, H. 1983. Migrações de aves na América do Sul Continental (tradução: Walter A. Voss). Brasília, Cemave - Instituto Brasileiro de Desenvolvimento Florestal. (Publicação Técnica nº 2).
  • Sick, H. 1997. Ornitologia brasileira. Edição revista e ampliada. Rio de Janeiro, Nova Fronteira.
  • Silva, F. 1987. Movimentos de dispersão da marreca-parda (Anas georgica): Recuperações e recapturas. In: Encontro Nacional de Anilhadores de Aves, 2º. Anais. Rio de Janeiro, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. p. 211-212.
  • Silva, J.M.C. 1995. Seasonal distribution of the Lined Seedeater Sporophila lineola. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 115(1): 14-21.
  • Silva, J.M.C. 1999. Seasonal movements and conservation of seedeaters of the genus Sporophila in South America. Studies in Avian Biology, 19: 272-280.
  • Silva, J.M.C. 2011a. Estação Ecológica de Maracá. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 19-21.
  • Silva, J.M.C. 2011b. Belém. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 82-84.
  • Silva, J.M.C. 2011c. Santarém. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 88-91.
  • Silva, J.N.; Novaes, T.D. & Flores, F.M. 2013. Primeiro registro documentado de Riparia riparia (Aves: Hirundinidae) no município de Santa Teresa região serrana do estado do Espírito Santo, sudeste do Brasil. Boletim do Museu de Biologia Mello Leitão (Nova Série), 31: 77-81.
  • Silva-e-Silva, R. & Olmos, F. 2010. Notes on the biology and morphology of Audubon’s Shearwaters Puffinus lherminieri (Procellariiformes: Procellariidae) from Fernando de Noronha, northeast Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 18: 139-145.
  • Silva-e-Silva, R. & Olmos, F. 2006. Noteworthy bird records from Fernando de Noronha, northeastern Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 14(4): 470-473.
  • Silva-e-Silva, R. & Olmos, F. 2007. Adendas e registros significativos para a avifauna dos manguezais de Santos e Cubatão, SP. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 15(4): 551-560.
  • Simpson, R. & Simpson, E. 2011. Registro documentado da batuíra-de-peito-tijolo Charadrius modestus (Charadriiformes: Charadriidae) em Paraty, Rio de Janeiro. Atualidades Ornitológicas, 162: 18-19.
  • Sistema Nacional de Anilhamento de Aves Silvestres (SNA). 2016. Banco de Dados CEMAVE/ICMBio hospedado em: www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna (Dados de acesso restrito ao CEMAVE).
    » www.ibamanet.gov.br/sna
  • Somenzari, M.; Silveira, L.F.; Piacentini, V.Q.; Rego, M.A.; Schunck, F. & Cavarzere, V. 2011. Birds of an Amazonia-Cerrado ecotone in southern Pará, Brazil, and the efficiency of associating multiple methods in avifaunal inventories. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 19(2): 260-275.
  • Soto, J. & Filippini, A. 2003. Documentação da ocorrência da perdiz-do-mar, Glareola pratincola (Linnaeus, 1766) (Charadriiformes: Glareolidae), no Brasil. Ararajuba, 11(1): 131-145.
  • Soto, J. & Riva, R.S. 2001. Recaptura de um espécime de albatroz-de-nariz-amarelo Thalassarche chlororhynchos (Procellariiformes, Diomedeidae) no sul do Brasil, anilhado na Ilha Gough, Atlântico sul. In: Congresso Brasileiro de Ornitologia, 9º. Livro de Resumos. Curitiba, SOB/Mulleriana/PUCRS/UNIOESTE/UEL/MHNCI. p. 369.
  • Sousa, M.C. 2011. Estuário do Rio Sergipe. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International, p. 167-170.
  • Sousa, M.C.; Fraga, R.T. & Carlos, C.J. 2005. Seabird records from Alagoas and Sergipe states, north-east Brazil. Cotinga, 24: 112-114.
  • Souto, L.R.A.; Maia-Nogueira, R. & Bressan, D.C. 2008. Primeiro registro de Puffinus tenuirostris (Temminck, 1835) para o Oceano Atlântico. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 16(1): 64-66.
  • Souza, E.A.; Telino-Júnior, W.R.; Nascimento, J.L.X.; Lyra-Neves, R.M.; Azevedo-Júnior, S.M.; Filho, C.L. & Schulz Neto, A. 2007. Estimativas populacionais de avoantes Zenaida auriculata (Aves Columbidae, Des Murs, 1847) em colônias reprodutivas no Nordeste do Brasil. Ornithologia, 2(1): 28-33.
  • Steeves, J.B. & Holohan, S. 1995. Baird’s Sandpiper Calidris bairdii - southward migration on the Canadian Prairie. Wader Study Group Bulletin, 77: 44-47.
  • Stotz, D.F.; Bierregaard, R.O.; Con-Haft, M.; Peterman, P.; Smith, J.; Wittaker, A. & Wilson, S.V. 1992. The status of north american migrants in Central Amazonian Brazil. Condor, 94(3): 608-621.
  • Straneck, R.J. 1993. Aportes para la unificación de Serpophaga subcristata y Serpophaga munda, y la revalidación de Serpophaga griseiceps (Aves: Tyrannidae). Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales “Bernardino Rivadavia”, Zoología, 16: 51-63.
  • Straube, F.C.; Urben-Filho, A. & Kajiwara, D. 2004. Aves. In: Mikich, S.B. & Bérnils, R.S. (Orgs.). Livro vermelho da fauna ameaçada no Estado do Paraná. Curitiba, Instituto Ambiental do Paraná.
  • Straube, F.C.; Urben-Filho, A.; Nunes, A.P.; Tomás, W.M. & Vieira-da-Rocha, M.C. 2006. Avifauna do Pantanal de Nabileque (Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil). Atualidades Ornitológicas On-line, 134: 29 Available at: Available at: www.ao.com.br Access in: 30/05/2016.
    » www.ao.com.br
  • Stutchbury, B.J.M.; Tarof, S.A.; Done, T.; Gow, E.; Kramer, P.M.; Tautin, J.; Fox, J.W. & Afanasyev, V. 2009. Tracking long-distance songbird migration by using geolocators. Science, 323(5916): 896.
  • Tavares, D.C.; Moura, J.F. & Siciliano, S. 2013. First documented record of the Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii Montagu, 1813 (Aves: Sternidae) in southeast Brazil. Check List, 9(4): 806-808.
  • Taylor, P.B. 1996. Family Rallidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 108-209.
  • Teixeira, D.M.; Nacinovic, J.B. & Novelli, R. 1985. Notes on some Brazilian seabirds. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 105(1): 49-51.
  • Teixeira, D.M.; Otoch, R.; Luigi, G.; Raposo, M.A. & Almeida, A.C.C. 1993. Notes on some birds of northeastern Brazil (5). Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 113(1): 48-52.
  • Thiollay, J.M. 1994. Family Accipitridae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 52-205.
  • Tubelis, D.P. & Tomas, W.M. 2003. Bird species of the wetland, Brazil. Ararajuba, 11(1): 5-37.
  • Turner, A. 2016a. Black-collared Swallow (Atticora melanoleuca). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/57724 Access in: 29/01/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/57724
  • Turner, A. 2016b. Southern Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/57727 Access in: 19/10/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/57727
  • Turner, A. 2016c. Southern Martin (Progne elegans). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/57716 Access in: 19/10/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/57716
  • Turner, A.K. 2004. Family Hirundinidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 602-685.
  • Tyler, S.J. 2004. Family Moticillidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 744-784.
  • Valente, R.M. 2011. Arquipélago do Marajó. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 78-81.
  • Vallejos, M.A.V.; Lanzer, M.; Silva, M.A.; Meijer, A.A.R.; Carrano, E. & Straube, F.C. 2011. Parque Regional do Iguaçu e adjacências. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 292-297.
  • van Gils, J. & Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Scolopacidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 489-533.
  • van Gils, J.; Wiersma, P. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016a. Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularius). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Barcelona. Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/53913 Access in: 23/09/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/53913
  • van Gils, J.; Wiersma, P. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016b. Lesser Yellowlegs (Tringa flavipes). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/53907 Access in: 03/10/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/53907
  • van Gils, J.; Wiersma, P. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016c. Stilt Sandpiper (Calidris himantopus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/53941 Access in: 23/09/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/53941
  • van Gils, J.; Wiersma, P. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016d. Buff-breasted Sandpiper (Calidris subruficollis). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/53941 Access in: 22/10/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/53941
  • van Gils, J.; Wiersma, P. & Kirwan, G.M. 2016e. Terek Sandpiper (Xenus cinereus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/53911 Access in: 11/04/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/53911
  • Vasconcelos, M.F.; Lima, P.C.; Santos, S.S. & Lima, R.C.F.R. 2003. Ocorrência migratória de Progne tapera fusca (Passeriformes: Hirundinidae) na região da Serra do Caraça, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Ararajuba, 11(2): 221-222.
  • Vasconcelos, M.F.; Lopes, L.S.; Hoffmann, D.; Silveira, L.F. & Schunck, F. 2008. Noteworthy records of birds from the Pantanal, Chiquitano dry forest and Cerrado of south-western Brazil. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 128(1): 57-67.
  • Vasconcelos, M.F.; Rodrigues, M. & Silva, J.M.C. 2011. Setor Mineiro do Vale do São Francisco. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 222-226.
  • Vooren, C.M. 2004. The first two records of Sula capensis in Brazil. Ararajuba, 12(1): 76-77.
  • Vooren, C.M. & Chiaradia, A. 1990. Seasonal abundance and behavior of costal birds on Cassino beach, Brazil. Ornitologia Neotropical, 1: 9-24.
  • Vooren, C.M. & Fernandes, A.C. 1989. Guia de albatrozes e petréis do sul do Brasil. Porto Alegre, Sagra.
  • Walther, B. 2016. Rufous-tailed Attila (Attila phoenicurus). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 9: Cotinga to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/57521 Access in: 21/08/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/57521
  • Webster, M.S.; Marra, P.P.; Haig, S.M.; Bensch, S. & Holmes, R.T. 2002. Links between worlds: unraveling migratory connectivity. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 17: 76-83.
  • White, C.M. & Marks, J.S. 2016. Mississippi Kite (Ictinia mississippiensis). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/52975 Access in: 22/09/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/52975
  • White, C.M.; Boesman, P.; Kirwan, G.M. & Marks, J.S. 2016. Merlin (Falco columbarius). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/53231 Access in: 19/01/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/53231
  • White, C.M.; Olson, P.D. & Kiff, L.F. 1994. Family Falconidae (falcons and caracaras). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 206-275.
  • White, R.W.; Lehnhausen, B. & Kirwan, G.M. 2006. The first documented record of Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus for Brazil. Ararajuba, 14(4): 460-462.
  • Whitney, B.M. 1994. The Blackburnian Warbler Dendroica fusca in South America, with a record from Santa Cruz department, Bolivia. Cotinga, 2: 36-37.
  • Whitney, B.M. & Pacheco, J.F. 2000. Evidência material para a presença de Vireo flavoviridis (Cassim, 1851) no Brasil. Nattereria, 2: 36-37.
  • Whittaker, A. 2004. Noteworthy ornithological records from Rondônia, Brazil, including a first country record, comments on austral migration, life history, taxonomy and distribution, with relevant data from neighbouring states, and a first record for Bolivia. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 124(4): 239-271.
  • Whittaker, A. & Carlos, B. 2004. Recent observations of Dull-coloured Grassquit Tiaris obscura in Mato Grosso reinforce its status as an austral migrant to south-west Brazil. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 124(4): 285-287.
  • Whittaker, A. & Foster, A. 2005. First country record of Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis, in the Atlantic Forests of southeastern Brazil. Cotinga, 24: 115-116.
  • Whittaker, A. & Oren, D.C. 1999. Important ornithological records from the Rio Juruá, western Amazonia, including twelve additions to the Brazilian avifauna. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 119(4): 235-260.
  • Wiersma, P. 1996. Family Charadriidae. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . p. 384-442.
  • Wiersma, P.; Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. 2016. Tawny-throated Dotterel (Oreopholus ruficollis). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions . Available at: Available at: www.hbw.com/node/53858 Access in: 23/09/2016.
    » www.hbw.com/node/53858
  • WikiAves - A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. 2016. A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil. Available at: www.wikiaves.com
    » www.wikiaves.com
  • Willis, E.O. 2004. Birds of a habitat spectrum in the Itirapina savanna, São Paulo, Brazil (1982-2003). Brazilian Journal of Biology, 64(4): 901-910.
  • Willis, E.O. & Oniki, Y. 1982. Birds of a Central São Paulo woodlot: 1. Censuses 1982-2000. Brazilian Journal of Biology, 62(2): 197-210.
  • Willis, E.O. & Oniki, Y. 2003. Aves do Estado de São Paulo. São Paulo, Divisa.
  • Winkler, D.W. 2005. How do migration and dispersal interact? In: Greenberg, R. & Marra, P.P. (Eds.). Birds of two worlds: the ecology and evolution of migration. The John Hopkins University Press. p. 401-413.
  • Winkler, D.W.; Gandoy, F.A.; Areta, J.I.; Iliff, M.J.; Rakhimberdiev, E.; Kardynal, K.J. & Hobson, K.A. 2017. Long-Distance Range Expansion and Rapid Adjustment of Migration in a Newly Established Population of Barn Swallows Breeding in Argentina Current Biology, 27: 1080-1084.
  • Xavier, B.F. & Boss, R.L. 2011. Estação Ecológica Maracá-Jipioca. In: Valente, R.; Silva, J.M.C.; Straube, F.C. & Nascimento, J.L.X. (Orgs.). Conservação de aves migratórias neárticas no Brasil. Belém, Pa, Conservation International. p. 28-32.
  • Zino, F.; Phillips, R. & Biscoito, M. 2011. Zino’s petrel movements at sea: a preliminary analysis of datalogger results. Birding World, 24(5): 216-219.
  • Zusi, R.L. 1996. Rynchops niger. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Lynx Edicions.
  • Edited by: Carlos José Einicker Lamas
  • Published with the financial support of the "Programa de Apoio às Publicações Científicas Periódicas da USP"
  • Seção de Publicações - Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo

Publication Dates

  • Publication in this collection
    2018

History

  • Received
    09 Mar 2017
  • Accepted
    23 Oct 2017