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Type specimens of the traditional Myrmicinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) ant tribes deposited in the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil: Adelomyrmecini, Basicerotini, Blepharidatt ini, Crematogastrini, Formicoxenini, Lenomyrmecini, Myrmicini, Phalacromyrmecini, Pheidolini, Stegomyrmecini, Stenammini and Tetramoriini

Abstracts

The present catalogue lists ant types of 12 traditional Myrmicinae ant tribes (Adelomyrmecini, Basicerotini, Blepharidattini, Crematogastrini, Formicoxenini, Lenomyrmecini, Myrmicini, Phalacromyrmecini, Pheidolini, Stegomyrmecini, Stenammini and Tetramoriini) housed in the Formicidae Collection of the Hymenoptera Laboratory, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo (MZSP), Brazil, completing the publication of Myrmicinae types deposited in this institution. We adopted the traditional classification for Myrmicinae tribes to follow the already published catalogues regarding the Attini, Cephalotini, Dacetini and Solenopsidini and published catalogues in this series. In total, the present catalogue includes types of 213 nominal species, of which 169 are still valid. Twelve species listed here are represented by holotypes only, 28 by holotypes and paratypes, 102 species by paratypes only, 65 species by syntypes, and five species by lectotypes and paralectotypes. We record the label information, morphological condition of the specimens, nomenclatural changes, and type status, following the recommendations of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN).

Catalogue; Myrmicinae; Ants; Types; MZSP


O presente catálogo lista os espécimes tipo de 12 tribos tradicionais de formigas mirmícineas (Adelomyrmecini, Basicerotini, Blepharidattini, Crematogastrini, Formicoxenini, Lenomyrmecini, Myrmicini, Phalacromyrmecini, Pheidolini, Stegomyrmecini, Stenammini and Tetramoriini) depositados na coleção de Formicidae do Laboratório de Hymenoptera do Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo (MZSP), Brasil, completando a série de catálogos de tipos de Myrmicinae aqui depositados. Adotamos aqui a classificação tradicional para as tribos de Myrmicinae por já termos publicado os catálogos de Attini, Cephalotini, Dacetini e Solenopsidini. No total, a coleção inclui tipos das tribos de Myrmicinae agora catalogadas representando 213 espécies nominais, das quais 169 são válidas. Doze espécies listasdas são representadas somente por holótipos, 28 por holótipos e parátipos, 65 apenas por síntipos e cinco espécies representadas por lectótipos e paralectótipos. Assim como nos catálogos anteriores, são apresentados os dados de rótulos, condição morfológica dos exemplares, alterações nomenclaturais, status taxonômico e índices para os táxons catalogados seguindo as recomendações do Código Internacional de Nomenclatura Zoológica (ICZN).

Catálogo; Myrmicinae; Formigas; Tipos; MZSP


INTRODUCTION

The Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo (MZSP) houses today one of the leading zoological collections of Latin America, summing approximately 10 million liquid or dry preserved specimens (Landim, 2011LANDIM, M.I.P.F. 2011. Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo: adaptação aos novos tempos. Estudos Avançados, 25: 205-216.). There are about seven thousand primary types deposited in the MZSP collections.

The MZSP Formicidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) collection holds one of the most important collections worldwide for the Neotropical region, regarding to the number of types, species and specimens, as well geographic coverage, due to the acquisition of the Kempf-Borgmeier collection in 1977 (Brandão, 1991BRANDÃO, C.R.F. 1991. Adendos ao catalogo abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 35: 319-412.; Klingenberg & Brandão, 2005KLINGENBERG, C. & BRANDÃO, C.R.F. 2005. The type specimens of fungus growing ants, Attini (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) deposited in the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, 45(4): 41-50.) and material more recently added by several collaborators, including C.R.F. Brandão (curator since 1981), his students and associates, especially from localities not represented before (Esteves et al., 2011ESTEVES, F.A.; BRANDÃO, C.R.F.& PRADO, L.P. 2011. The type specimens of "dorylomorph" ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae: Aenictinae, Ecitoninae, Cerapachyinae, Leptanilloidinae) deposited in the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, 51(22): 341-357.). In addition, the collection also houses specimens collected by Nicolas Kusnezov, William Mowry Mann, Carlos Bruch and Hermann von Lüderwaldt.

As proposed by the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN, 1999) when treating institutional responsibilities - "every institution in which name-bearing types are deposited should make them accessible for studies, publish lists of name-bearing types in its possession or custody, and so far as possible, communicate information concerning name-bearing types" - we are publishing a series of catalogues listing the ant type specimens deposited in MZSP collection. The catalogues published thus far include fungus-growing ants (Myrmicinae: Attini) (Klingenberg & Brandão, 2005KLINGENBERG, C. & BRANDÃO, C.R.F. 2005. The type specimens of fungus growing ants, Attini (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) deposited in the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, 45(4): 41-50.), Poneromorphs (Amblyoponinae, Ectatomminae, Heteroponerinae, Ponerinae and Proceratiinae) (Scott-Santos et al., 2008SCOTT-SANTOS, C.P.; ESTEVES, F.A.& BRANDÃO, C.R.F. 2008. Catalogue of "poneromorph" ant type specimens (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) deposited in the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, 48(11): 75-88.), Pseudomyrmecinae (Brandão et al., 2010BRANDÃO, C.R.F.; ESTEVES, F.A. & PRADO, L.P. 2010. A catalogue of the Pseudomyrmecinae ants type specimens (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) deposited in the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, 50(45): 693-699.), Dorylomorphs (Aenictinae, Ecitoninae, Cerapachyinae and Leptanilloidinae) (Esteves et al., 2011ESTEVES, F.A.; BRANDÃO, C.R.F.& PRADO, L.P. 2011. The type specimens of "dorylomorph" ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae: Aenictinae, Ecitoninae, Cerapachyinae, Leptanilloidinae) deposited in the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, 51(22): 341-357.), Dacetini and Solenopsidini (Formicidae: Myrmicinae) (Ulysséa & Brandão, 2013ULYSSÉA, M.A. & BRANDÃO, C.R.F. 2013. Catalogue of Dacetini and Solenopsidini ant type specimens (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) deposited in the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, 53(4): 187-209.) and Cephalotini (Formicidae: Myrmicinae) (Prado & Brandão, 2013PRADO, L.P. & BRANDÃO, C.R.F. 2013. Catalogue of Cephalotini ant types (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) deposited in the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, 53(4): 187-209.). Our aim is to encourage further studies on ant taxonomy and also to avoid unnecessary movement of precious, sometimes unique, specimens.

The present catalogue is the seventh in a series of MZSP ant types and the fourth on Myrmicinae ant types, dealing this time with 12 tribes: Adelomyrmecini, Basicerotini, Blepharidattini, Crematogastrini, Formicoxenini, Lenomyrmecini, Myrmicini, Phalacromyrmecini, Pheidolini, Stegomyrmecini, Stenammini and Tetramoriini - out of the 25 tribes traditionally recognized to this subfamily (Bolton, 1995BOLTON, B. 1995. A new general catalogue of the Ants of the World. Cambridge, Harvard University Press. 504p., 2003BOLTON, B. 2003. Synopsis and classification of Formicidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 71: 1-370., 2013BOLTON, B. 2013. Synopsis of the Formicidae and Catalogue of Ants of the World. Memoirs of The American Entomological Institute, 71: 1-370. (Version: 1 January 2013)., 2014BOLTON, B. 2014. An online catalog of the ants of the world. Available at: <www.antcat.org/catalog>. Access in 04.iv.2014.
www.antcat.org/catalog...
; Ward, 2007WARD, P. S. 2007. Phylogeny, classification, and species-level taxonomy of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 1668: 549-563.). Recently, Ward et al. (2014)WARD, P.; BRADY, S.; FISHER, B.L. & SCHULTZ, T. 2014. The Evolution of myrmicine ants: phylogeny and biogeography of a hyperdiverse ant clade (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Systematic Entomology, DOI: 10.1111/syen.12090.
https://doi.org/10.1111/syen.12090...
redefined the Myrmicinae tribe boundaries and proposed a six wider concept tribe scheme - Attini, Crematogastrini, Myrmicini, Pogonomyrmecini, Stenammini and Solenopsidini (Appendix APPENDIX TABLE 1: Myrmicinae tribes' classification following Ward et al. (2014), the traditional tribes and the included genera. Tribes (Ward et al., 2014) Traditional tribes Genera Attini Attini Acromyrmex, Apterostigma, Atta, Attaichnus, Cyatta, Cyphomyrmex, Kalathomyrmex, Mycetagroicus, Mycetarotes, Mycetophylax, Mycetosoritis, Mycocepurus, Myrmicocrypta, Paramycetophylax, Pseudoatta, Sericomyrmex and Trachymyrmex Basicerotini Basiceros, Eurhopalothrix, Octostruma, Protalaridris, Rhopalothrix and Talaridris Blepharidattini Blepharidatta and Wasmannia Cephalotini Cephalotes and Procryptocerus Dacetini Acanthognathus, Colobostruma, Daceton, Epopostruma, Mesostruma, Microdaceton, Orectognathus and Strumigenys Formicoxenini Ochetomyrmex Lenomyrmecini Lenomyrmex Phalacromyrmecini Phalacromyrmex, Ishakidris and Pilotrochus Pheidolini Chimaeridris and Pheidole Solenopsidini Allomerus and Tranopelta Incertae sedis in Myrmicinae Diaphoromyrma Crematogastrini Cataulacini Cataulacus Cremastogastrini Crematogaster, Malagidris, Myrmisaraka, Recurvidris, Royidris and Vitsika Formicoxenini Atopomyrmex, Cardiocondyla, Dilobocondyla, Eocenomyrma, Formicoxenus, Gauromyrmex, Harpagoxenus, Leptothorax, Nesomyrmex, Peronomyrmex, Podomyrma, Poecilomyrma, Romblonella, Rotastruma, Stereomyrmex, Temnothorax, Terataner, Vombisidris and Xenomyrmex; Stigmomyrmex (incertae sedis) Liomyrmecini Liomyrmex Melissotarsini Melissotarsus and Rhopalomastix Meranoplini Meranoplus and Parameranoplus Metaponini Metapone Myrmecinini Acanthomyrmex, Myrmecina, Perissomyrmex and Pristomyrmex; Enneamerus and Stiphromyrmex (incertae sedis) Myrmicini Eutetramorium, Huberia and Secostruma Paratopulini Paratopula Pheidolini Kartidris, Lophomyrmex and Ocymyrmex; Lonchomyrmex (incertae sedis) Solenopsidini Adlerzia, Carebara, Diplomorium, Formosimyrma, Mayriella and Trichomyrmex; Hypopomyrmex and Oxyidris (incertae sedis) Stenammini Ancyridris, Calyptomyrmex, Cyphoidris, Dacatria, Dacetinops, Dicroaspis, Goaligongidris, Indomyrma, Lasiomyrma, Lordomyrma, Proatta, Propodilobus, Rostromyrmex, Tetheamyrma and Vollenhovia Tetramoriini Strongylognathus and Tetramorium Myrmicini Myrmicini Manica, Myrmica, Plesiomyrmex and Protomyrmica Pogonomyrmecini Myrmicini Hylomyrma and Pogonomyrmex Solenopsidini Adelomyrmecini Adelomyrmex, Baracidris and Cryptomyrmex Myrmicariini Myrmicaria Solenopsidini Anillomyrma, Bondroitia, Dolopomyrmex, Epelysidris, Kempfidris, Megalomyrmex, Monomorium, Oxyepoecus, Solenopsis, Syllophopsis and Tropidomyrmex Stegomyrmecini Stegomyrmex Stenammini Austromorium, Bariamyrma and Rogeria Incertae sedis in Myrmicinae Tyrannomyrmex Stenammini Pheidolini Aphaenogaster, Goniomma, Messor, Oxyopomyrmex and Veromessor; Paraphaenogaster (incertae sedis) Stenammini Stenamma TABLE 2: Currently valid names of the listed taxa, followed by their original names and synonyms (if applicable). Tribe Genus Valid Species Name Original Name Synonym Adelomyrmecini Adelomyrmex A. anxiocalor A. betoi A. bispeculum A. dentivagans A. laevigatus A. longinoi A. marginodus A. metzabok A. micans A. nortenyo A. paratristani A. quetzal A. samoanus A. striatus A. tristani Apsychomyrmex tristani Adelomyrmex brevispinosus A. vaderi Cryptomyrmex C. longinodus Adelomyrmex longinodus Basicerotini Basiceros B. convexiceps B. squamifer B. manni B. scambognathus Creightonidris scambognatha Eurhopalothrix E. australis E. bolaui Rhopalothrix bolaui E. amoena E. bruchi Rhopalothrix bruchi E. cimu E. circumcapillum E. depressa E. gravis Rhopalothrix gravis E. reichenspergeri E. schmidti E. guadeloupensis E. hunhau E. lenkoi E. ortizae E. oscillum E. pilulifera E. semicapillum E. speciosa E. spectabilis E. xibalba Octostruma O. ascrobis O. balzani Rhopalothrix balzani O. lutzi O. betschi O. cyrtinotum O. excertirugis O. gymnogon O. iheringi Rhopalothrix iheringi O. godmani O. simony O. spei O. sulcata O. wighti O. inca O. montanis O. obtusidens O. rugiferoides O. stenognatha O. triangulabrum O. triquetrilabrum O. trithrix O. wheeleri Rhopalothrix wheeleri Rhopalothrix R. plaumanni R. acutipilis Blepharidattini Blepharidatta B. brasiliensis B. conops Wasmannia W. scrobifera W. williamsoni Crematogastrini Crematogaster C. amapaensis C. arcuata C. arcuata var. aruga C. bingo C. brasiliensis C. brasiliensis var. cocciphila C. browni C. bruchi C. colei C. crinosa C. brevispinosa r. recurvispina C. brevispinosa r. sampaioi C. cristata C. terricola C. cubaensis C. barbouri C. distans C. cordinola C. descolei C. distans r. paraenses C. distans subsp. parviceps C. distans subsp. vanda C. pevsnerae C. erecta C. virgula C. evallans C. evallans var. carbonescens C. iheringi C. indefensa C. isolata C. magnifica C. magnifica var. nociva C. montana C. brevispinosa subsp. montana C. montezumia C. montezumia var. functa C. mutans C. navajoa C. rifelna C. rochai C. brevispinosa st. malevolens C. subtonsa C. brevispinosa var. subtonsa C. scelerata taperensis Formicoxenini Nesomyrmex N. argentinus Leptothorax argentinus N. brasiliensis Leptothorax brasiliensis N. brimodus Leptothorax timidus N. itinerans Leptothorax itinerans N. mirassolis Leptothorax mirassolis N. pleuriticus Leptothorax pleuriticus N. rutilans Leptothorax rutilans N. schwebeli Leptothorax schwebeli N. spininodis Leptothorax umbratilis N. tonsuratus Leptothorax tonsuratus Ochetomyrmex O. semipolitus Temnothorax T. aztecus Macromischa azteca T. emmae Leptothorax emmae T. josephi Leptothorax josephi T. nevadensis Leptothorax lindae T. lindae T. nigricans Macromischa melanocephala T. nitens T. melinus T. punctaticeps Leptothorax punctaticeps T. squamifer Macromischa squamifera M. squamifera var. atrinodis T. whitfordi Leptothorax whitfordi Lenomyrmecini Lenomyrmex L. foveolatus L. mandibularis L. wardi Myrmicini Hylomyrma H. balzani Lundella speciosa H. blandiens H. dolichops H. immanis H. longiscapa H. praepotens H. sagax H. transversa H. versuta Myrmica M. hamulata trullicornis M. sabuleti trullicornis Pogonomyrmex P. cunicularius P. cunicularis var. carnivora P. lobatus P. marcusi P. mendozanus P. rastratus P. weiseri P. variabilis P. vermiculatus var. variabilis Phalacromyrmecini Phalacromyrmex P. fugax Pheidolini Aphaenogaster A. honduriana Pheidole Nomen nudum P. guilelmimuelleri subsp. heyeri var. injuncta P. angusta P. idulis P. arcifera P. bigote P. borgmeieri P. branstetteri P. breviseta P. flavens st. breviseta P. bucculenta P. guilelmimuelleri subsp. bucculenta P. camptostela P. carinote P. clydei P. cocciphaga P. coffeicola P. cramptoni P. petiolicola P. dinophila P. durionei P. wolfringi st. durionei P. dyctiota P. eidmanni P. embolopyx P. eowilsoni P. epiphyta P. fossimandibula P. gibba P. gibba var. lopesi P. gibbata P. transversostriata subsp. gibbata P. gymnoceras P. janzeni P. karolsetosa P. laevinota P. rufipilis var. laevinota P. lagunculinoda P. leoncortesi P. lutzi P. heinzi P. mesomontana P. oxyops P. genalis P. oxyops subsp. regia P. peregrina P. impariceps P. phanigaster P. picobarva P. punctithorax P. purpurea P. rhinomontana P. rufipilis P. rufipilis var. divexa P. impia P. schmalzi P. rata P. schwarzmaieri P. sensitiva P. sospes P. anastasii var. sospes P. minutissima P. susannae P. incisa subsp. evoluta P. synanthropica P. tetrica P. tijucana P. vafra Incertae sedis in Pheidole P. pubiventris var. foederalis Stegomyrmecini Stegomyrmex S. bensoni S. olindae S. vizzotoi Stenammini Lachnomyrmex L. amazonicus L. fernandezi L. laticeps L. longinoi L. nordestinus L. plaumanni L. regularis L. victori Rogeria R. blanda Irogera foveata R. carinata R. ciliosa R. cornuta R. gibba R. innotabilis R. lacertosa R. leptonana R. lirata R. merenbergiana R. micromma R. pellecta R. scobinata R. sicaria R. subarmata Irogera subarmata Stenamma S. expolitum Tetramoriini Tetramorium T. azcatltontlium T. simillimum W. auropunctata brevispinosa Incertae Sedis Diaphoromyrma D. sofiae , Table 1). As this catalogue completes the series on this subfamily, we are using the traditional tribe classification because we already published type catalogues of the MZSP Attini (Klingenberg & Brandão, 2005KLINGENBERG, C. & BRANDÃO, C.R.F. 2005. The type specimens of fungus growing ants, Attini (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) deposited in the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, 45(4): 41-50.), Cephalotini (Prado & Brandão, 2013PRADO, L.P. & BRANDÃO, C.R.F. 2013. Catalogue of Cephalotini ant types (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) deposited in the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, 53(4): 187-209.), Dacetini and Solenopsidini (Ulysséa & Brandão, 2013ULYSSÉA, M.A. & BRANDÃO, C.R.F. 2013. Catalogue of Dacetini and Solenopsidini ant type specimens (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) deposited in the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, 53(4): 187-209.), and also because the published ant taxonomic catalogues have not incorporated this proposal still. Myrmicinae is the largest, most diverse and successful Formicidae subfamily, including 143 valid genera, 6.444 valid species and 824 valid subspecies (Bolton, 2014BOLTON, B. 2014. An online catalog of the ants of the world. Available at: <www.antcat.org/catalog>. Access in 04.iv.2014.
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). The 12 tribes considered here comprise 85 valid genera (one incertae sedis), 4.422 valid species and 662 valid subspecies (Bolton, 2014BOLTON, B. 2014. An online catalog of the ants of the world. Available at: <www.antcat.org/catalog>. Access in 04.iv.2014.
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).

The purpose of this catalogue is to list the ant type specimens of these 12 Myrmicinae tribes, providing label information, conservation status of the specimens and current taxonomic situation, following the recommendations of the ICZN (1999)ICZN - International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. 1999. International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. 4ª ed., London. Available at: <www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted-sites/iczn/code>. Access in 04.iv.2014.
www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted-sites/iczn/code...
.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

For preparation of the catalogue, information from the ant type labels was compared to the original descriptions - which can be easily found on the Global Ant Project website (gap.entclub.org/taxonomists/index.html), the Ant Cat website (www.antcat.org) (Bolton, 2014BOLTON, B. 2014. An online catalog of the ants of the world. Available at: <www.antcat.org/catalog>. Access in 04.iv.2014.
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), the catalogues of identifier numbers of Thomaz Borgmeier, Walter Wolfgang Kempf and MZSP collection. The nomenclature of type specimens was updated following the ICZN (1999)ICZN - International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. 1999. International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. 4ª ed., London. Available at: <www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted-sites/iczn/code>. Access in 04.iv.2014.
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.

The combination of type names is quoted in alphabetical order by species name, according the genus they are presently organized. We used the following abbreviations: Coll. = collection, Coll. Borgm. = T. Borgmeier Collection, Coll. Bruch = Carlos Bruch Collection, Coll. Kempf = W.W. Kempf Collection, Coll. Mann = W.M. Mann Collection, Coll. Kusn. = N. Kusnezov Collection; W = worker, S = soldier (major worker), G = gyne (Feitosa & Brandão, 2008FEITOSA, R.M. & BRANDÃO, C.R.F. 2008. A taxonomic revision of the Neotropical myrmicine ant genus Lachnomyrmex Wheeler (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 1890: 1-49.), E = ergatoid, M = male; col(s). = collector(s) and leg. = legit. Furthermore, to indicate the conservation status of the type specimens recorded in the present catalogue, we used: A = antenna, A1 = left antenna, A2 = right antenna; W = wing, W1 = anterior left wing, W2 = posterior left wing, W3 = anterior right wing, W4 = posterior right wing; L = leg, L1, L2 and L3 represent the left legs and L4, L5 and L6 the right legs. MP is an abbreviation for Museu Paulista, of which the old Zoological section became the present MZSP in 1939.

In order to record information related to the MZSP Myrmicinae ant types, the following order is adopted in the present catalogue (although we do not have complete information for all entries): species name in the original combination (in alphabetical order by species within genera), author, publication year, page number, posterior taxonomic assignments, type category, number of type specimens of each sex or caste, place of collection, date, collector, original collection name, collection number or collection code and other information. All this information is taken from labels and listed as completely as they appear on the labels, compared with information in the original publication. We also comment on the conservation status of specimens. When appropriate, we indicate broken body parts glued to the paper triangle that holds the type specimen, or the lost ones.

Additional information, present in publications but not recorded on labels, is presented in brackets; for the sake of clarity, we also added further information that we were able to recover from different sources. At the end of each species entry we present, when necessary, the present valid name of the taxon corresponding to the type specimen listed. Finally, we present an index of all the valid names listed in the present catalogue and their respective synonyms or current combinations. The complete information regarding all names listed here can be found in (Bolton 2013BOLTON, B. 2013. Synopsis of the Formicidae and Catalogue of Ants of the World. Memoirs of The American Entomological Institute, 71: 1-370. (Version: 1 January 2013)., 2014BOLTON, B. 2014. An online catalog of the ants of the world. Available at: <www.antcat.org/catalog>. Access in 04.iv.2014.
www.antcat.org/catalog...
).

RESULTS

This catalogue gathers information on types of 213 nominal species - 210 species and three subspecies (169 valid), including 103 individuals (796 workers, 154 soldiers, 64 gynes, three ergatoids and six males) of 25 recognized genera (Adelomyrmex, Aphaenogaster, Basiceros, Blepharidatta, Crematogaster, Cryptomyrmex, Diaphoromyrma, Eurhopalothrix, Hylomyrma, Lachnomyrmex, Lenomyrmex, Myrmica, Nesomyrmex, Ochetomyrmex, Octostruma, Phalacromyrmex, Pheidole, Pogonomyrmex, Rhopalothrix, Rogeria, Stegomyrmex, Stenamma, Temnothorax, Tetramorium and Wasmannia) (Appendix APPENDIX TABLE 1: Myrmicinae tribes' classification following Ward et al. (2014), the traditional tribes and the included genera. Tribes (Ward et al., 2014) Traditional tribes Genera Attini Attini Acromyrmex, Apterostigma, Atta, Attaichnus, Cyatta, Cyphomyrmex, Kalathomyrmex, Mycetagroicus, Mycetarotes, Mycetophylax, Mycetosoritis, Mycocepurus, Myrmicocrypta, Paramycetophylax, Pseudoatta, Sericomyrmex and Trachymyrmex Basicerotini Basiceros, Eurhopalothrix, Octostruma, Protalaridris, Rhopalothrix and Talaridris Blepharidattini Blepharidatta and Wasmannia Cephalotini Cephalotes and Procryptocerus Dacetini Acanthognathus, Colobostruma, Daceton, Epopostruma, Mesostruma, Microdaceton, Orectognathus and Strumigenys Formicoxenini Ochetomyrmex Lenomyrmecini Lenomyrmex Phalacromyrmecini Phalacromyrmex, Ishakidris and Pilotrochus Pheidolini Chimaeridris and Pheidole Solenopsidini Allomerus and Tranopelta Incertae sedis in Myrmicinae Diaphoromyrma Crematogastrini Cataulacini Cataulacus Cremastogastrini Crematogaster, Malagidris, Myrmisaraka, Recurvidris, Royidris and Vitsika Formicoxenini Atopomyrmex, Cardiocondyla, Dilobocondyla, Eocenomyrma, Formicoxenus, Gauromyrmex, Harpagoxenus, Leptothorax, Nesomyrmex, Peronomyrmex, Podomyrma, Poecilomyrma, Romblonella, Rotastruma, Stereomyrmex, Temnothorax, Terataner, Vombisidris and Xenomyrmex; Stigmomyrmex (incertae sedis) Liomyrmecini Liomyrmex Melissotarsini Melissotarsus and Rhopalomastix Meranoplini Meranoplus and Parameranoplus Metaponini Metapone Myrmecinini Acanthomyrmex, Myrmecina, Perissomyrmex and Pristomyrmex; Enneamerus and Stiphromyrmex (incertae sedis) Myrmicini Eutetramorium, Huberia and Secostruma Paratopulini Paratopula Pheidolini Kartidris, Lophomyrmex and Ocymyrmex; Lonchomyrmex (incertae sedis) Solenopsidini Adlerzia, Carebara, Diplomorium, Formosimyrma, Mayriella and Trichomyrmex; Hypopomyrmex and Oxyidris (incertae sedis) Stenammini Ancyridris, Calyptomyrmex, Cyphoidris, Dacatria, Dacetinops, Dicroaspis, Goaligongidris, Indomyrma, Lasiomyrma, Lordomyrma, Proatta, Propodilobus, Rostromyrmex, Tetheamyrma and Vollenhovia Tetramoriini Strongylognathus and Tetramorium Myrmicini Myrmicini Manica, Myrmica, Plesiomyrmex and Protomyrmica Pogonomyrmecini Myrmicini Hylomyrma and Pogonomyrmex Solenopsidini Adelomyrmecini Adelomyrmex, Baracidris and Cryptomyrmex Myrmicariini Myrmicaria Solenopsidini Anillomyrma, Bondroitia, Dolopomyrmex, Epelysidris, Kempfidris, Megalomyrmex, Monomorium, Oxyepoecus, Solenopsis, Syllophopsis and Tropidomyrmex Stegomyrmecini Stegomyrmex Stenammini Austromorium, Bariamyrma and Rogeria Incertae sedis in Myrmicinae Tyrannomyrmex Stenammini Pheidolini Aphaenogaster, Goniomma, Messor, Oxyopomyrmex and Veromessor; Paraphaenogaster (incertae sedis) Stenammini Stenamma TABLE 2: Currently valid names of the listed taxa, followed by their original names and synonyms (if applicable). Tribe Genus Valid Species Name Original Name Synonym Adelomyrmecini Adelomyrmex A. anxiocalor A. betoi A. bispeculum A. dentivagans A. laevigatus A. longinoi A. marginodus A. metzabok A. micans A. nortenyo A. paratristani A. quetzal A. samoanus A. striatus A. tristani Apsychomyrmex tristani Adelomyrmex brevispinosus A. vaderi Cryptomyrmex C. longinodus Adelomyrmex longinodus Basicerotini Basiceros B. convexiceps B. squamifer B. manni B. scambognathus Creightonidris scambognatha Eurhopalothrix E. australis E. bolaui Rhopalothrix bolaui E. amoena E. bruchi Rhopalothrix bruchi E. cimu E. circumcapillum E. depressa E. gravis Rhopalothrix gravis E. reichenspergeri E. schmidti E. guadeloupensis E. hunhau E. lenkoi E. ortizae E. oscillum E. pilulifera E. semicapillum E. speciosa E. spectabilis E. xibalba Octostruma O. ascrobis O. balzani Rhopalothrix balzani O. lutzi O. betschi O. cyrtinotum O. excertirugis O. gymnogon O. iheringi Rhopalothrix iheringi O. godmani O. simony O. spei O. sulcata O. wighti O. inca O. montanis O. obtusidens O. rugiferoides O. stenognatha O. triangulabrum O. triquetrilabrum O. trithrix O. wheeleri Rhopalothrix wheeleri Rhopalothrix R. plaumanni R. acutipilis Blepharidattini Blepharidatta B. brasiliensis B. conops Wasmannia W. scrobifera W. williamsoni Crematogastrini Crematogaster C. amapaensis C. arcuata C. arcuata var. aruga C. bingo C. brasiliensis C. brasiliensis var. cocciphila C. browni C. bruchi C. colei C. crinosa C. brevispinosa r. recurvispina C. brevispinosa r. sampaioi C. cristata C. terricola C. cubaensis C. barbouri C. distans C. cordinola C. descolei C. distans r. paraenses C. distans subsp. parviceps C. distans subsp. vanda C. pevsnerae C. erecta C. virgula C. evallans C. evallans var. carbonescens C. iheringi C. indefensa C. isolata C. magnifica C. magnifica var. nociva C. montana C. brevispinosa subsp. montana C. montezumia C. montezumia var. functa C. mutans C. navajoa C. rifelna C. rochai C. brevispinosa st. malevolens C. subtonsa C. brevispinosa var. subtonsa C. scelerata taperensis Formicoxenini Nesomyrmex N. argentinus Leptothorax argentinus N. brasiliensis Leptothorax brasiliensis N. brimodus Leptothorax timidus N. itinerans Leptothorax itinerans N. mirassolis Leptothorax mirassolis N. pleuriticus Leptothorax pleuriticus N. rutilans Leptothorax rutilans N. schwebeli Leptothorax schwebeli N. spininodis Leptothorax umbratilis N. tonsuratus Leptothorax tonsuratus Ochetomyrmex O. semipolitus Temnothorax T. aztecus Macromischa azteca T. emmae Leptothorax emmae T. josephi Leptothorax josephi T. nevadensis Leptothorax lindae T. lindae T. nigricans Macromischa melanocephala T. nitens T. melinus T. punctaticeps Leptothorax punctaticeps T. squamifer Macromischa squamifera M. squamifera var. atrinodis T. whitfordi Leptothorax whitfordi Lenomyrmecini Lenomyrmex L. foveolatus L. mandibularis L. wardi Myrmicini Hylomyrma H. balzani Lundella speciosa H. blandiens H. dolichops H. immanis H. longiscapa H. praepotens H. sagax H. transversa H. versuta Myrmica M. hamulata trullicornis M. sabuleti trullicornis Pogonomyrmex P. cunicularius P. cunicularis var. carnivora P. lobatus P. marcusi P. mendozanus P. rastratus P. weiseri P. variabilis P. vermiculatus var. variabilis Phalacromyrmecini Phalacromyrmex P. fugax Pheidolini Aphaenogaster A. honduriana Pheidole Nomen nudum P. guilelmimuelleri subsp. heyeri var. injuncta P. angusta P. idulis P. arcifera P. bigote P. borgmeieri P. branstetteri P. breviseta P. flavens st. breviseta P. bucculenta P. guilelmimuelleri subsp. bucculenta P. camptostela P. carinote P. clydei P. cocciphaga P. coffeicola P. cramptoni P. petiolicola P. dinophila P. durionei P. wolfringi st. durionei P. dyctiota P. eidmanni P. embolopyx P. eowilsoni P. epiphyta P. fossimandibula P. gibba P. gibba var. lopesi P. gibbata P. transversostriata subsp. gibbata P. gymnoceras P. janzeni P. karolsetosa P. laevinota P. rufipilis var. laevinota P. lagunculinoda P. leoncortesi P. lutzi P. heinzi P. mesomontana P. oxyops P. genalis P. oxyops subsp. regia P. peregrina P. impariceps P. phanigaster P. picobarva P. punctithorax P. purpurea P. rhinomontana P. rufipilis P. rufipilis var. divexa P. impia P. schmalzi P. rata P. schwarzmaieri P. sensitiva P. sospes P. anastasii var. sospes P. minutissima P. susannae P. incisa subsp. evoluta P. synanthropica P. tetrica P. tijucana P. vafra Incertae sedis in Pheidole P. pubiventris var. foederalis Stegomyrmecini Stegomyrmex S. bensoni S. olindae S. vizzotoi Stenammini Lachnomyrmex L. amazonicus L. fernandezi L. laticeps L. longinoi L. nordestinus L. plaumanni L. regularis L. victori Rogeria R. blanda Irogera foveata R. carinata R. ciliosa R. cornuta R. gibba R. innotabilis R. lacertosa R. leptonana R. lirata R. merenbergiana R. micromma R. pellecta R. scobinata R. sicaria R. subarmata Irogera subarmata Stenamma S. expolitum Tetramoriini Tetramorium T. azcatltontlium T. simillimum W. auropunctata brevispinosa Incertae Sedis Diaphoromyrma D. sofiae , Table 2). These species are represented by 12 holotypes only, 28 by holotypes and paratypes, 102 by paratypes only, 65 by syntypes, five by lectotypes and paralectotypes.

Subfamily Myrmicinae

Tribe Adelomyrmecini

Genus Adelomyrmex Emery, 1897EMERY, C. 1897. Formicidarum species novae vel minus cognitae in collectione Musaei Nationalis Hungarici, quas in Nova Guinea, colonia germanica, collegit L. Biró. Természetrajzi Füzetek, 20: 571-599.: 590

Adelomyrmex anxiocalorLongino, 2012LONGINO, J.T. 2012. A review of the ant genus Adelomyrmex Emery, 1897 in Central America. Zootaxa, 3456: 1-35.: 11. Paratype: 1W, HONDURAS, Olancho, 12 km N[orth of] Catacamas, 14.95307 -85.91669 ± 20 m, 13May2010[13.v.2010], R.S. Anderson [leg.], #2010-028, 2190 m, Wet Cloud Forest, ex sifted leaf litter.

Adelomyrmex betoiFernández, 2003bFERNÁNDEZ, F. 2003b. Revision of the myrmicine ants of the Adelomyrmex genus-group (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zootaxa, 361: 1-52.: 13. Holotype: 1W, MEX[ICO], Ver[acruz], Córdoba, Paraje Nuevo, Nacimiento, 07.viii.1969, S. [Peck] & J. Peck [leg.], #176, Trop[pical] Everg[reen] For[est], Ber[lese-Tullgren funnels]. Paratypes: 3W, MEX[ICO], Veracruz, 4.4 mi[les] N[orth of] Huatusco, 02.viii.[19]73, A. Newton [leg.], 4200'[feet], Berl[ese-Tullgren funnels], log & leaf litter esp. hollow logs & fungi. Comment: The MZSP collection has two workers labeled as paratypes [MEXICO, LBS, 21.v.1971, S. Peck leg., #B-204, leaf litter], but as the original publication did not mention these specimens we do not consider them as types.

Adelomyrmex bispeculumLongino, 2012LONGINO, J.T. 2012. A review of the ant genus Adelomyrmex Emery, 1897 in Central America. Zootaxa, 3456: 1-35.: 13. Paratype: 1W, COSTA RICA, Alajuela, 4 km ENE[East-northeast of] Monteverde, 10.31716 -84.77610 ± 10 m, 23Dec2010 [23.xii.2010], J. Longino [leg.], #7220, 1675 m, Cloud Forest, nest in clay bank.

Adelomyrmex brevispinosus Fernández, 2003: 596 in Fernández & MacKay, 2003FERNÁNDEZ, F. & MACKAY, W.P. 2003. The myrmicine ants of the Adelomyrmex laevigatus species complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology, 41: 593-604.. Paratype: 1W, MEXICO, Chiapas, 4 km N[orth of] Unión Juarez, Volcán Tacana, lower slopes, 18Sep1992[18.ix.1992], R.S. Anderson [leg.], #92-109, 1950 m, Cloud Forest, litter. Junior synonym of Adelomyrmex tristani (Menozzi, 1931MENOZZI, C. 1931. Contribuzione alla conoscenza del "Microgenton" di Costa Rica. III. Hymenoptera - Formicidae. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura, Portici, 25: 259-274.) by Longino, 2012LONGINO, J.T. 2012. A review of the ant genus Adelomyrmex Emery, 1897 in Central America. Zootaxa, 3456: 1-35.: 32.

Adelomyrmex dentivagansLongino, 2012LONGINO, J.T. 2012. A review of the ant genus Adelomyrmex Emery, 1897 in Central America. Zootaxa, 3456: 1-35.: 17. Paratype: 1W, MEXICO, Chiapas, 13.7 km NW[Northwest of] Metzabok, 17°11'N 91°44'W, 14Jul2007[14.vii.2007], J. Longino [leg.], #6046-s, 540 m.

Adelomyrmex laevigatus Mackay, 2003: 600 in Fernández & MacKay, 2003FERNÁNDEZ, F. & MACKAY, W.P. 2003. The myrmicine ants of the Adelomyrmex laevigatus species complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology, 41: 593-604.. Paratypes: 1W, PANAMA, Chiriqui, Volcán Hartman's Finca, 14.vi.[19]95, R. Anderson [leg.], #17814, sample B, 1450 m, Wet min. Tropical Forest litter. 1W, CR[COSTA RICA], Puntarenas Prov[ince], Monteverde, 10°18'N 84°48'W, 16Apr1989[16.iv.1989], J. Longino [leg.], #2468-s, 1500 m, Wet Forest, ex sifted leaf litter. Not Labeled[Paratype]: 1W, CR[COSTA RICA], Guanacaste Prov[ince], Maritza Field Stn[Station], 13.ii.[19]96, R.[S.] Anderson [leg.], #17736, sample B, 875 m, Dry Tropical, Wet Mountain, forest transition litter. Comment: The specimen #17814 from Panama should have been deposited in IAVH according Fernández & MacKay (2003)FERNÁNDEZ, F. & MACKAY, W.P. 2003. The myrmicine ants of the Adelomyrmex laevigatus species complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology, 41: 593-604., but was deposited in the MZSP. Also, the MZSP houses the specimen #17736, not labeled as type, but according to the original publication it is a paratype and was labeled accordingly.

Adelomyrmex longinoiFernández, 2003bFERNÁNDEZ, F. 2003b. Revision of the myrmicine ants of the Adelomyrmex genus-group (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zootaxa, 361: 1-52.: 21. Paratype: 1W, COSTA RICA, Heredia, Est[acion] Biol[ogical] La Selva, 10°26'N 84°01'W, 18Jun1999[18.vi.1999], #W/10/005, 50-150 m, INBio-OET, Bosque Primário. Missing L1 2º to 5º tarsus, L3 3º to 5º tarsus.

Adelomyrmex marginodusLongino, 2012LONGINO, J.T. 2012. A review of the ant genus Adelomyrmex Emery, 1897 in Central America. Zootaxa, 3456: 1-35.: 20. Paratype: 1W, HONDURAS, Atlántida, 12 km SW[Southwest of] La Ceiba, 15.69130 -86.86076 ± 20 m, 19Jun2010[19.vi.2010], LLAMA #Wa-C-09-2-17, 280 m, Tropical Forest, ex sifted leaf litter.

Adelomyrmex metzabokLongino, 2012LONGINO, J.T. 2012. A review of the ant genus Adelomyrmex Emery, 1897 in Central America. Zootaxa, 3456: 1-35.: 22. Paratype: 1W, MEXICO, Chiapas, Lago Metzabok, 17.12566°N 91.63088°W, 5Jun2008[05.vi.2008], LLAMA #Wa-A-06-1-02, 570 m, Lowland Wet Forest, ex sifted leaf litter.

Adelomyrmex micans Fernández, 2003: 601 in Fernández & MacKay, 2003FERNÁNDEZ, F. & MACKAY, W.P. 2003. The myrmicine ants of the Adelomyrmex laevigatus species complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology, 41: 593-604.. Paratype: 1W, MEXICO, Chiapas, 4 km N[orth of] Unión Juarez, Volcán Tacana, lower slopes, 19Sep1992[19.ix.1992], R.S. Anderson [leg.], #92-110, 2000 m, Cloud Forest, litter. Missing A1.

Adelomyrmex nortenyoLongino, 2012LONGINO, J.T. 2012. A review of the ant genus Adelomyrmex Emery, 1897 in Central America. Zootaxa, 3456: 1-35.: 25. Paratype: 1W, MEXICO, Tamaulipas, Rancho del Cielo, 23.10105 -99.19233 ± 50 m, 17Jul2006[17.vii.2006], R.S. Anderson [leg.], #2006-0005, 1200 m, Mixed Oak, ex forest litter.

Adelomyrmex paratristaniLongino, 2012LONGINO, J.T. 2012. A review of the ant genus Adelomyrmex Emery, 1897 in Central America. Zootaxa, 3456: 1-35.: 26. Paratype: 1W, HONDURAS, Olancho, PN[National Park] La Muralla, 15.09798 -86.72081 ± 15 m, 3May2010[03.v.2010], J. Longino [leg.], #6956, 1850 m, Oak Cloud Forest, nest in dead wood.

Adelomyrmex quetzalLongino, 2012LONGINO, J.T. 2012. A review of the ant genus Adelomyrmex Emery, 1897 in Central America. Zootaxa, 3456: 1-35.: 28. Paratype: 1W, GUATEMALA, B[aja] Verapaz, 7.5 km S[outh of] Purulha, 15.1989 -90.2 ± 11700 m, 26May1991[26.v.1991], R.S. Anderson [leg.], #91-026, 1630 m, Cloud Forest, forest litter.

Adelomyrmex robustusFernández, 2003bFERNÁNDEZ, F. 2003b. Revision of the myrmicine ants of the Adelomyrmex genus-group (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zootaxa, 361: 1-52.: 26. Holotype: 1W, MEXICO, Chiapas, 8 mi[les] N[orth of] Pueblo Nuevo, Solistahuacán, 26[-27].viii.1973, A. Newton F. [leg., 6000 feet, leaf litter, forest floor]. Paratypes: 1G 3W, MEXICO, Chiapas, 8 mi[les] N[orth of] Pueblo Nuevo, Solistahuacán, 26-27.viii.1973, A. Newton [leg.], 6000'[feet], leaf litter, forest floor. Dealate gyne. 6W, MEXICO, Chiapas, 2.1 km NW[Northwest of] Pueblo Nuevo, Solistahuacán, Yerbabuena Preserve, 23.ix.1992, R.S. Anderson [leg.], #92-114, 2070[2100] m, liq[uid of] Ambar Forest. One worker missing L1, L6 4º and 5º tarsus. 2W, MEXICO, Chiapas, 5 km E[ast of] Rayón, 23.xii.1991, P.S. Ward [leg.], #11581-8. One worker missing L6 4º and 5º tarsus. 1W, MEXICO, Chiapas, 5 km E[ast of] Rayón, 17°13'N 92°58'W, 23.xii.1991, P.S. Ward [leg.], #11581-8, 1700 m, Montane Rainfor[est], sifted litter (leaf, mold, rotten wood). Comment: The MZSP houses thirteen workers labeled as paratypes, but according to the original publication they are not part of the type series [4W, MEXICO, San Luis de Potosí, 14 min. Xilitla, 29.vi.1973, A. Newton leg., 4800 feet. 9W, MEXICO, San Luis de Potosí, 14 min. Xilitla, 29.vi.1973, A. Newton leg., 4800 feet, leaf & log litter, non cunif, liquid of Ambar Forest. One worker missing A1 funiculus; one worker missing post-petiole, gaster; one worker missing L1 tibia and tarsi; one worker missing L5 3º to 5º tarsus; one worker missing L6 trochanter to tarsus; one worker missing L4 trochanter to tarsus].

Adelomyrmex samoanusWilson & Taylor, 1967WILSON, E.O. & TAYLOR, R.W. 1967. The ants of Polynesia. Pacific Insects Monograph, 14: 1-109.: 77. Paratypes: 2W, W[ESTERN] SAMOA, S[outh of] Upolu, Poutasi, 2.2.56[02.ii.1956], T.E. Woodward [leg.], #MCZ[C] 31112, Leaf Mold Rainforest. One worker missing post-petiole, gaster; one worker missing A2, L4 femur to tarsi. 1W, W[ESTERN] SAMOA, N[orth of] Upolu, Utumapu, 17.i.[19]56, T.E. Woodward [leg.], #MCZ[C] 31112, 400'[feet].

Adelomyrmex striatusFernández, 2003bFERNÁNDEZ, F. 2003b. Revision of the myrmicine ants of the Adelomyrmex genus-group (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zootaxa, 361: 1-52.: 29. Holotype: 1W, BRAZIL, Amazonas, 24 km NE[Northeast of] Manaus, Rio Branco Rd[Road], Ig[arapé, Small Creek] Marianil, 22Aug1962[22.viii.1962], W.L. Brown [leg.], #M-13. Paratype: 1W, [BRAZIL], AM[Amazonas], km 24 NE[Northeast of] Manaus, Rio Branco Rd[Road], Igarapé[Small Creek] Marianil, 22.viii.1962, W.L. Brown [leg.], #M-13.

Adelomyrmex vaderiFernández, 2003bFERNÁNDEZ, F. 2003b. Revision of the myrmicine ants of the Adelomyrmex genus-group (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zootaxa, 361: 1-52.: 33. Paratype: 1W, COLOMBIA, Cundinamarca, Medina, [Gazaunta river], Q.[Creek] Cristalina, 08.iii.[19]97, F. Escobar [leg.], 1750 m.

Comment: The MZSP ant collection houses one worker from COLOMBIA, Santander, Encino, Reserva Natura Cachalú, 06°04'N 73°07'W, 20.iii.1999, E.L. Gonzalez leg., 2000 m, Winkler #9, labeled as paratype of Adelomyrmex longispinosus. However, the name Adelomyrmex longispinosus has never been published, and this specimen is listed also as examined material of Adelomyrmex tristani (Menozzi, 1931MENOZZI, C. 1931. Contribuzione alla conoscenza del "Microgenton" di Costa Rica. III. Hymenoptera - Formicidae. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura, Portici, 25: 259-274.) by Fernández, 2003bFERNÁNDEZ, F. 2003b. Revision of the myrmicine ants of the Adelomyrmex genus-group (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zootaxa, 361: 1-52., which is currently recognized as a senior synonym of Adelomyrmex brevispinosus Fernández, 2003: 596 (Fernández & MacKay, 2003FERNÁNDEZ, F. & MACKAY, W.P. 2003. The myrmicine ants of the Adelomyrmex laevigatus species complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology, 41: 593-604.) by Longino, 2012LONGINO, J.T. 2012. A review of the ant genus Adelomyrmex Emery, 1897 in Central America. Zootaxa, 3456: 1-35.: 32. We do not consider it as paratype.

Genus Cryptomyrmex Fernández, 2004FERNÁNDEZ, F. 2004. Adelomyrmecini new tribe and Cryptomyrmex new genus of myrmicine ants. Sociobiology, 44: 325-335.: 328

Adelomyrmex longinodusFernández & Brandão, 2003FERNÁNDEZ, F. & MACKAY, W.P. 2003. The myrmicine ants of the Adelomyrmex laevigatus species complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology, 41: 593-604.: 20 in Fernández, 2003bFERNÁNDEZ, F. 2003b. Revision of the myrmicine ants of the Adelomyrmex genus-group (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zootaxa, 361: 1-52.. Paratype: 1W, BRASIL, AM[Amazonas], Manaus, VIC, iii-iv.1994[01.iii.1994], R. Didham [leg.]. Not Labeled[Paratypes]: 1G 3W, BRASIL, AM[Amazonas], Manaus, 03.iii.1998, M. Garcia et al. leg., Shift 52, Floresta, Solo, Berlese[-Tullgren] Funil, #04. Dealated gyne; one worker missing L3 tarsi; one worker coated with gold; one worker coated with gold, body disarticulated in three parts glued on the triangle, missing A1 funiculus, A2 last three segments of the funiculus, L2 tibia and tarsi, L4. Combination in Cryptomyrmex by Fernández, 2004: 332. Comment: The MZSP also houses two workers from the paratype series collected by M. Garcia et al. without paratype label. We were not able to confirm if these specimens are truly paratypes.

Tribe Basicerotini

Genus Basiceros Schulz, 1906SCHULZ, W.A. 1906. Spolia hymenopterologica. Paderborn, Junfermannsche Buchhandlung. 355p.: 156

Basiceros manniBrown & Kempf, 1960BROWN JR., W.L. & KEMPF, W.W. 1960. A world revision of the ant tribe Basicerotini. Studia Entomologica, 3: 161-250.: 177. Paratypes: 1G 4W, COSTA RICA, Santa Clara, Hamburg Farm, 1924, F. Nevermann col. One worker missing L2, L3. Paratypes: 3W, C[OSTA] R[ICA], Colombiana [Columbiana Farm], iii.1920, W.M. Mann col.

Creightonidris scambognathaBrown, 1949aBROWN JR., W.L. 1949a. Revision of the ant tribe Dacetini: III. Epitritus Emery and Quadristruma new genus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 75: 43-51.: 89. Holotype: 1G, [BRAZIL], Goyás [Goiás], Campinas, x.[1]935, Schwarzmaier [leg.]. Missing L3, W1. Combination in Basiceros by Fernández, 2003cFERNÁNDEZ, F. 2003c. Lista de las especies de hormigas de la región Neotropical. In: FERNÁNDEZ, F. (Ed.). Introducción a las hormigas de la región Neotropical. Bogota, Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt. p. 379-411.: 392; Feitosa, Brandão & Dietz, 2007: 19.

Basiceros squamiferBorgmeier, 1937BORGMEIER, T. 1937. Formigas novas ou pouco conhecidas da America do Sul e Central, principalmente do Brasil. Archivos do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, 3: 217-255.: 245. Syntypes: 24W, Cotypes[Syntypes]: 2G 3W, [BRAZIL], RJ [Rio de Janeiro], Angra dos Reis, Jussaral, 30.x.1935, [H.S.] Lopes & [H.] Lent [cols.]. Coll. Borgm. #5510. One worker with disarticulated head. Junior synonym of Basiceros convexiceps (Mayr, 1887MAYR, G. 1887. Südamerikanische Formiciden. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 37: 511-632.: 581) by Brown & Kempf, 1960BROWN JR., W.L. & KEMPF, W.W. 1960. A world revision of the ant tribe Basicerotini. Studia Entomologica, 3: 161-250.: 172.

Genus Eurhopalothrix Brown & Kempf, 1961BROWN JR., W.L. & KEMPF, W.W. 1961. The type species of the ant genus Eurhopalothrix. Psyche, 67: 44.: 44

Eurhopalothrix australisBrown & Kempf, 1960BROWN JR., W.L. & KEMPF, W.W. 1960. A world revision of the ant tribe Basicerotini. Studia Entomologica, 3: 161-250.: 218. Paratypes: 3W, AUSTRALIA, Crawfords Lookout, Beatrice R[iver], ii.1958, P.F. Darlington [leg.], Rainforest.

Rhopalothrix bolauiMayr, 1870MAYR, G. 1870. Formicidae novogranadenses. Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe, 61: 370-417.: 415. Cotypes[Syntypes]: 3W, HONDURAS, La Ceiba, W.M. Mann col. One worker missing postpetiole, gaster. Combination in Eurhopalothrix by Brown & Kempf, 1960BROWN JR., W.L. & KEMPF, W.W. 1960. A world revision of the ant tribe Basicerotini. Studia Entomologica, 3: 161-250.: 210. Senior synonym of Eurhopalothrix amoena (Mann, 1922MANN, W.M. 1922. Ants from Honduras and Guatemala. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 61: 1-54.: 39) by Brown & Kempf, 1960BROWN JR., W.L. & KEMPF, W.W. 1960. A world revision of the ant tribe Basicerotini. Studia Entomologica, 3: 161-250.: 210.

Rhopalothrix bruchiSantschi, 1922aSANTSCHI, F. 1922a. Description de nouvelles fourmis de l'Argentine et pays limitrophes. Anales de la Sociedad Cientifica Argentina, 94: 241-262.: 256. Syntype: 1W, ARGENTINA, Cordoba, Alta Gracia, C. Bruch leg. Combination in Eurhopalothrix by Brown & Kempf, 1960BROWN JR., W.L. & KEMPF, W.W. 1960. A world revision of the ant tribe Basicerotini. Studia Entomologica, 3: 161-250.: 214.

Eurhopalothrix cimuLongino, 2013aLONGINO, J.T. 2013a. A review of the Central American and Caribbean Species of the ant genus Eurhopalothrix Brown & Kempf, 1961 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae), with a key to New World species. Zootaxa, 3693: 101-151.: 114. Paratype: 1W, CUBA, Granma, PN [National Park] Pico Turquino Aguada de Joachin, 20.01500 -7684000 ± 150 m, 03.ii.2012, R.S. Anderson [leg.], #2012-023, 1370 m, Dry Mixed Forest, ex sifted leaf litter.

Eurhopalothrix circumcapillumLongino, 2013aLONGINO, J.T. 2013a. A review of the Central American and Caribbean Species of the ant genus Eurhopalothrix Brown & Kempf, 1961 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae), with a key to New World species. Zootaxa, 3693: 101-151.: 116. Paratype: 1W, NICARAGUA, Raan, PN[National Park] Cerro Saslaya, 13.77216 -84.99613 ± 20 m, 08.x.2011, LLAMA #Wm-D01-1-08, 670 m, Montane Wet Forest, ex sifted leaf litter.

Eurhopalothrix depressaKetterl, Verhaagh & Dietz, 2004KETTERL, J.; VERHAAGH, M. & DIETZ, B.H. 2004. Eurhopalothrix depressa sp. n. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from southern Brazil with a key to the Neotropical taxa of the genus. Studies on the Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 39: 45-48.: 45. Holotype: 1W, BRASILIEN [BRAZIL], Rio Grande do Sul, CPCN[Centro de Pesquisa e Conservação da Natureza] Pró Mata, 29°30'S 50°10'W, 02.iv.1997, J. Ketterl [leg.], 900-920 m, SMNK, Mata Atlântica, Araucarian Forest, soil litter sifting (Winkler), FN WUA 13.

Rhopalothrix gravisMann, 1922MANN, W.M. 1922. Ants from Honduras and Guatemala. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 61: 1-54.: 40. Syntypes: 3W, HONDURAS, [Lombardia], San Juan Pueblo, W.M. Mann col., Coll. Mann 1954. Combination in Eurhopalothrix by Brown & Kempf, 1960BROWN JR., W.L. & KEMPF, W.W. 1960. A world revision of the ant tribe Basicerotini. Studia Entomologica, 3: 161-250.: 211. Senior synonym of Eurhopalothrix reichenspergeri (Santschi, 1923aSANTSCHI, F. 1923a. Descriptions de quelques nouvelles fourmis du Brésil. Revista do Museu Paulista, 13: 1255-1264.: 1263) and of Eurhopalothrix schmidti (Menozzi, 1936MENOZZI, C. 1936. Due nuovi Dacetini di Costa Rica e descrizione della larva di uno di essi (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Arbeiten uber Morphologische und Taxonomische Entomologie aus Berlin-Dahlem, 3(2): 81-85.: 82) by Brown & Kempf, 1960BROWN JR., W.L. & KEMPF, W.W. 1960. A world revision of the ant tribe Basicerotini. Studia Entomologica, 3: 161-250.: 211.

Eurhopalothrix guadeloupensisLongino, 2013aLONGINO, J.T. 2013a. A review of the Central American and Caribbean Species of the ant genus Eurhopalothrix Brown & Kempf, 1961 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae), with a key to New World species. Zootaxa, 3693: 101-151.: 121. Paratype: 1W, [FRANCE], Guadalupe [Island], Basse Terre, Soufrière, 16.03406 -61.66786 ± 56 m, 15.v.2012, R.S. Anderson [leg.], #RSA2012-113, 922 m, Wet Cloud Forest, ex sifted leaf litter.

Eurhopalothrix hunhauLongino, 2013aLONGINO, J.T. 2013a. A review of the Central American and Caribbean Species of the ant genus Eurhopalothrix Brown & Kempf, 1961 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae), with a key to New World species. Zootaxa, 3693: 101-151.: 123. Paratype: 1W, GUATEMALA, Zacapa, 2 km SE[Southeast of] La Unión, 14.95320 -89.27559 ± 50 m, 12.v.2009, LLAMA #WA-B-03-2-48, 1430 m, Cloud Forest, ex sifted leaf litter.

Eurhopalothrix lenkoiKempf, 1967KEMPF, W.W. 1967. Three new South American ants (Hym. Formicidae). Studia Entomologica, 10: 353-360.: 358. Holotype: 1W, Paratypes: 6W 1G, BRAZIL, S[ão] P[aulo], Caraguatatuba, Res[tinga] Flor[esta], 07-14.vii.1962, Exp[edição do] Dep[artamento de] Zool[gia], #2183, 40 m. One paratype worker missing L3 femur. Paratypes: 28W, BRAZIL, S[ão] Paulo, Ilha da Vitória, Ilhote das Cabras, 26.iii.[1]964, Dep[artamento de] Zool[ogia], #4031. One worker with disarticulated postpetiole and gaster.

Eurhopalothrix ortizaeLongino, 2013aLONGINO, J.T. 2013a. A review of the Central American and Caribbean Species of the ant genus Eurhopalothrix Brown & Kempf, 1961 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae), with a key to New World species. Zootaxa, 3693: 101-151.: 130. Paratype: 1W, C[OSTA] R[ICA], Prov[ince] Puntarenas, Monteverde, 10°18'N 84°48'W, 13.iii.2003, L. Schonberg [leg.], 1570 m, Montane Wet Worest, transect 2 plot.

Eurhopalothrix oscillumLongino, 2013aLONGINO, J.T. 2013a. A review of the Central American and Caribbean Species of the ant genus Eurhopalothrix Brown & Kempf, 1961 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae), with a key to New World species. Zootaxa, 3693: 101-151.: 133. Paratype: 1W, COSTA RICA, Alajuela, Casa Eladio, Rio Penas Blancas, 10.30877 -8471650 ± 1 km, 10.v.1989, J. Longino #2529-s, 830 m, Wet Forest, ex sifted leaf litter.

Eurhopalothrix piluliferaBrown & Kempf, 1960BROWN JR., W.L. & KEMPF, W.W. 1960. A world revision of the ant tribe Basicerotini. Studia Entomologica, 3: 161-250.: 208. Paratype: 1G, [BRAZIL], Rio de Janeiro, DF, 18.iii.1937[the original publication says "08.iii.1932"], H.S. Lopes [leg.]. Disarticulated head, mesossoma and gaster, missing W1, W2, W4.

Eurhopalothrix semicapillumLongino, 2013aLONGINO, J.T. 2013a. A review of the Central American and Caribbean Species of the ant genus Eurhopalothrix Brown & Kempf, 1961 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae), with a key to New World species. Zootaxa, 3693: 101-151.: 139. Paratypes: 1G 1W, COSTA RICA, Heredia, 16 km SSE[South-southeast of] La Virgen, 10.26863 -84.08287 ± 200 m, 01.iv.2001, ALAS #11/WF/02, 1110 m, Montane Wet Forest, ex sifted leaf litter.

Eurhopalothrix speciosaBrown & Kempf, 1960BROWN JR., W.L. & KEMPF, W.W. 1960. A world revision of the ant tribe Basicerotini. Studia Entomologica, 3: 161-250.: 203. Holotype: 1W, BRASILIEN [BRAZIL, Santa Catarina], Nova Teutônia, 27°11'B 52°23'L, v.1957, Fritz Plaumann [leg.]. Coll. Kempf #2648, 300-500 m. Paratype: 1W, [BRAZIL], S[anta] C[atarina], Serra Geral, xii-1958, F. Plaumann [leg.], Coll. Kempf #3004.

Eurhopalothrix spectabilisKempf, 1962KEMPF, W.W. 1962. Miscellaneous studies on Neotropical ants. II. Studia Entomologica, 5: 1-38.: 27. Holotype: 1G, BRASILIEN [BRAZIL, Santa Catarina], Nova Teutônia, 27°11'B 52°23'L, v.1960, Fritz Plaumann [leg.], 300-500 m. Dealated gyne.

Eurhopalothrix xibalbaLongino, 2013aLONGINO, J.T. 2013a. A review of the Central American and Caribbean Species of the ant genus Eurhopalothrix Brown & Kempf, 1961 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae), with a key to New World species. Zootaxa, 3693: 101-151.: 144. Paratype: 1W, COSTA RICA, Prov[ince] Heredia, 9 km NE[Northeast of] Vara Blanca, 10°14'N 84°06'W, 22.iii.2005, INBio-OET-ALAS transect, Finca Murillo 15/WF/01/46, 1450-1550 m.

Genus Octostruma Forel, 1912aFOREL, A. 1912a. Formicides néotropiques. Part II. 3me sous-famille Myrmicinae Lep. (Attini, Dacetii, Cryptocerini). Mémoires de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, 19: 179-209.: 196

Octostruma ascrobisLongino, 2013bLONGINO, J.T. 2013b. A revision of the ant genus Octostruma Forel, 1912 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zootaxa, 3699: 1-61.: 18. Paratype: 1W, GUATEMALA, Izabal, 5 km NW[Northwest of] Morales, 15.51465°N 88.86440°W ± 28 m, 18.v.2009, LLAMA #Wm-B-04-1-09, 280 m, 2º Lowland Rainforest, ex sifted leaf litter.

Octostruma betschiPerrault, 1988PERRAULT, G.H. 1988. Octostrumma [sic] betschi, n. sp. de Guyane Française (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Revue Française d'Entomologie, 10: 303-307.: 303. Paratype: 1W, GUIANA FRANCESA, 05°30'S 50°W, 04.v.1978, [J.]M. Betsch col., floresta primária. One worker lost.

Octostruma cyrtinotumLongino, 2013bLONGINO, J.T. 2013b. A revision of the ant genus Octostruma Forel, 1912 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zootaxa, 3699: 1-61.: 28. Paratype: 1W, HONDURAS, Olancho, PN[National Park] La Muralla, 15.09489 -86.73944 ± 125 m, 02.v.2010, LLAMA #Wm-C-01-2-1, 1420 m, Cloud [Forest], ex sifted leaf litter.

Octostruma excertirugisLongino, 2013bLONGINO, J.T. 2013b. A revision of the ant genus Octostruma Forel, 1912 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zootaxa, 3699: 1-61.: 30. Paratype: 1W, GUATEMALA, Izabal, 5 km NW[Northwest of] Morales, 15.51351°N 88.86647°W ± 26 m, 17.v.2009, LLAMA #Wm-B-04-1-01, 245 m, 2º Lowland Rainforest, ex sifted leaf litter.

Octostruma gymnogonLongino, 2013bLONGINO, J.T. 2013b. A revision of the ant genus Octostruma Forel, 1912 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zootaxa, 3699: 1-61.: 33. Paratype: 1W, COSTA RICA, Prov[ince] Ala[juela], Rio Peñas Blancas, 10°19'N 84°43'W, 27.iv.1988, J. Longino #2015-5, 800 m, Wet Forest, ex sifted leaf litter.

Rhopalothrix iheringiEmery, 1888EMERY, C. 1888[1887]. Formiche della provincia di Rio Grande do Sûl nel Brasile, raccolte dal dott. Hermann von Ihering. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana, 19: 352-366.: 361. Cotypes[Syntypes]: 3W, JAMAICA, [Port Antonio, road to Shotover], Wighti Wh., MCZ[C] 6-8-8680. 2W, JAMAICA, [Port. Antonio, road to Shotover], Wighti Wh., MCZ[C] 9-II-8680. One worker missing head. Combination in Octostruma by Brown, 1949b: 92. Senior synonym of Octostruma godmani (Forel, 1899FOREL, A. 1899. Biologia Centrali-Americana, Hymenoptera (Formicidae). London. v. 3, 169p.: 41), Octostruma simony (Emery, 1890: 67), Octostruma spei (Forel, 1912bFOREL, A. 1912b. Formicides néotropiques. Part III. 3me sous-famille Myrmicinae (suite). Genres Cremastogaster et Pheidole. Mémoires de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, 19: 211-237.: 196), Octostruma wighti (W.M. Wheeler, 1908WHEELER, W.M. 1908. The ants of Jamaica. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 24: 159-163.: 161) and Octostruma sulcata (Santschi, 1936SANTSCHI, F. 1936. Contribution à l'étude des fourmis de l'Amérique du Sud. Revista de Entomologia, 6: 196-218.: 201) [unavailable name] by Brown & Kempf, 1960BROWN JR., W.L. & KEMPF, W.W. 1960. A world revision of the ant tribe Basicerotini. Studia Entomologica, 3: 161-250.: 187.

Octostruma incaBrown & Kempf, 1960BROWN JR., W.L. & KEMPF, W.W. 1960. A world revision of the ant tribe Basicerotini. Studia Entomologica, 3: 161-250.: 185. Holotype: 1W, Paratypes: 10W, PERU, W. Weyrauch [leg.], #732. One paratype worker with disarticulated head, postpetiole and gaster; one paratype worker with disarticulated postpetiole and gaster.

Rhopalothrix lutzi W.M. Wheeler, 1913WHEELER, W.M. 1913. Ants collected in the West Indies. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 32: 239-244.: 241. Syntypes: 1G 7W, [THE COMMONWEALTH OF] DOMINICA [Island, Laudet and Long Ditton, near] Roseau, F.E. Lutz [leg.]. Dealated gyne; one worker with disarticulated head and missing gaster. Combination in Octostruma by Brown, 1949bBROWN JR., W.L. 1949b. Revision of the ant tribe Dacetini: IV. Some genera properly excluded from the Dacetini, with the establishment of the Basicerotini new tribe. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 75: 83-96.: 92. Junior synonym of Octostruma balzani (Emery, 1894EMERY, C. 1894. Studi sulle formiche della fauna Neotropica. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana, 26: 137-241.: 217) by Brown & Kempf, 1960BROWN JR., W.L. & KEMPF, W.W. 1960. A world revision of the ant tribe Basicerotini. Studia Entomologica, 3: 161-250.: 194.

Octostruma montanisLongino, 2013bLONGINO, J.T. 2013b. A revision of the ant genus Octostruma Forel, 1912 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zootaxa, 3699: 1-61.: 43. Paratype: 1W, NICARAGUA, Matagalpa, RN[Natural Reserve] Cerro Musún, 12.97796 -8523242 ± 60 m, 01.v.2011, R.S. Anderson [leg.], #2011-008, 1350 m, Wet Cloud Forest, ex sifted leaf litter.

Octostruma obtusidensLongino, 2013bLONGINO, J.T. 2013b. A revision of the ant genus Octostruma Forel, 1912 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zootaxa, 3699: 1-61.: 44. Paratype: 1W, COSTA RICA, Heredia, La Selva Biological Station, 10.43333 -84.01667 ± 1.5 km, 16.iii.1993, J. Longino #3390, 50 m, Wet Forest, nest under dead wood.

Octostruma rugiferoidesBrown & Kempf, 1960BROWN JR., W.L. & KEMPF, W.W. 1960. A world revision of the ant tribe Basicerotini. Studia Entomologica, 3: 161-250.: 200. Paratype: 1W, MEXICO, Vera Cr[uz], n[ea]r Tetzonapa, Pueblo Nuevo, 07.viii.[19]53, E.O. Wilson [leg.], #B.F., Rainforest.

Octostruma stenognathaBrown & Kempf, 1960BROWN JR., W.L. & KEMPF, W.W. 1960. A world revision of the ant tribe Basicerotini. Studia Entomologica, 3: 161-250.: 196. Holotype: 1W, Paratypes: 3W, [BRAZIL], S[ão] P[aulo], Agudos, 23.i.1955, W.[W.] Kempf [leg., Coll. Kempf] #1334. Paratypes: 1W, [BRAZIL], S[ão] P[aulo], Agudos, 25.i.1955, W.[W.] Kempf [leg., Coll. Kempf] #1341. 1W, [BRAZIL], S[ão] P[aulo], Agudos, 30.i.1955, W.[W.] Kempf [leg., Coll. Kempf] #1358. 2W, [BRAZIL], S[ão] P[aulo], Agudos, 04.iii.1955, W.[W.] Kempf [leg.], berl[Berlese-Tullgren funnels]. 1W 1G, [BRAZIL], S[ão] P[aulo], Agudos, 08.xi.1955, W.[W.] Kempf [leg., Coll. Kempf] #1456. Dealated gyne. 3W, [BRAZIL], S[ão] P[aulo], Agudos, 26.xi.1955, W.[W.] Kempf [leg., Coll. Kempf] #1477. One worker missing gaster; one worker with disarticulated head glued on the triangle. 1W, [BRAZIL], S[ão] P[aulo], Agudos, 04.xii.1955, W.[W.] Kempf [leg.]. 5W 1E, [BRAZIL], S[ão] P[aulo], Cantareira, 01.iii.1959, [W.W.] Kempf [& V. dos] Santos [leg., Coll. Kempf] #2985. 1E, [BRAZIL], S[ão] P[aulo], Cantareira, 25.ii.1959, [W.W.] Kempf [& V. dos] Santos [leg., Coll. Kempf] #2946. 1W, [BRAZIL], S[anta] C[atarina], [Passo] Bormann, xii.1957, F. Plaumann [leg.]. 1W, [BRAZIL], S[anta] C[atarina], Chapecó, xii.1957, F. Plaumann [leg.]. 2W 1E, BRASLIEN [BRAZIL], Santa Catarina, Nova Teutônia, 27°11'B 52°23'L, iv.1954, Fritz Plaumann [leg.], Coll. Kempf #2647. 1W, BRASLIEN [BRAZIL], Santa Catarina, Nova Teutônia, 27°11'B 52°23'L, xi.1957, Fritz Plaumann [leg.]. 4W, BRASLIEN [BRAZIL], Santa Catarina, Nova Teutônia, 27°11'B 52°23'L, i.1957, Fritz Plaumann [leg.]. 1W, [BRAZIL], S[anta] C[atarina], Seara, vii.1958, [F. Plaumann leg., Coll. Kempf] #2692. 1W, [BRAZIL], S[anta] C[atarina], Seara, viii.1958, [F. Plaumann leg., Coll. Kempf] #2747. 2W, [BRAZIL, Rio de Janeiro], Itatiaya [Itatiaia], 1936, J.F. Zikán [leg.], Coll. Borgm. #5880.

Octostruma triangulabrumLongino, 2013bLONGINO, J.T. 2013b. A revision of the ant genus Octostruma Forel, 1912 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zootaxa, 3699: 1-61.: 52. Paratype: 1W, MEXICO, Chiapas, Nahá, 16.96313 -91.59337 ± 50 m, 08.vi.2008, LLAMA #Wa-A-07-1-06, 985 m, Mesophyll Forest, ex sifted leaf litter.

Octostruma triquetrilabrumLongino, 2013bLONGINO, J.T. 2013b. A revision of the ant genus Octostruma Forel, 1912 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zootaxa, 3699: 1-61.: 53. Paratype: 1W, COSTA RICA, Alajuela Prov[ince], Rio Peñas Blancas, 10°19'N 84°43'W, 23.v.1990, J. Longino #2701-s, 800 m, Wet Forest ex sifted leaf litter.

Octostruma trithrixLongino, 2013bLONGINO, J.T. 2013b. A revision of the ant genus Octostruma Forel, 1912 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zootaxa, 3699: 1-61.: 54. Paratype: 1W, MEXICO, Chiapas, 8 km SE[Southeast of] Salto de Agua, 17.51442 -92.29500 ± 50 m, 14.vi.2008, LLAMA #Wa-A-08-1-05, 70 m, 2º Wet Forest, ex sifted leaf litter.

Rhopalothrix wheeleriMann, 1922MANN, W.M. 1922. Ants from Honduras and Guatemala. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 61: 1-54.: 43. Type[Holotype]: 1W, GUAT[EMALA], Livingston, 6.5, [H.S.] Barber & [E.A.] Schwarz cols., #24462. Worker with disarticulated L1 and missing A1. Combination in Octostruma by Brown, 1949bBROWN JR., W.L. 1949b. Revision of the ant tribe Dacetini: IV. Some genera properly excluded from the Dacetini, with the establishment of the Basicerotini new tribe. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 75: 83-96.: 92.

Genus Rhopalothrix Mayr, 1870MAYR, G. 1870. Formicidae novogranadenses. Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe, 61: 370-417.: 415

Rhopalothrix acutipilisKempf, 1962KEMPF, W.W. 1962. Miscellaneous studies on Neotropical ants. II. Studia Entomologica, 5: 1-38.: 28. Holotype: 1G, BRASILIEN [BRAZIL, Santa Catarina], Nova Teutônia, 27°11'B 52°23'L, v.1960, Fritz Plaumann [leg.], 300-500 m. Gyne with disarticulated L1 and missing L2, L4. Junior synonym of Rhopalothrix plaumanni (Brown & Kempf, 1960BROWN JR., W.L. & KEMPF, W.W. 1960. A world revision of the ant tribe Basicerotini. Studia Entomologica, 3: 161-250.: 235) by Longino & Boudinot, 2013LONGINO, J.T. & BOUDINOT, B.E. 2013. New species of Central American Rhopalothrix Mayr, 1870 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zootaxa, 3616: 301-324.: 315.

Rhopalothrix plaumanniBrown & Kempf, 1960BROWN JR., W.L. & KEMPF, W.W. 1960. A world revision of the ant tribe Basicerotini. Studia Entomologica, 3: 161-250.: 235. Holotype: 1W, BRASILIEN [BRASIL, Santa Catarina], Nova Teutônia, 27°11'B 52°23'L, v.1960, Fritz Plaumann [leg.], 300-500 m. Senior synonym of Rhopalothrix acutipilis (Kempf, 1962KEMPF, W.W. 1962. Miscellaneous studies on Neotropical ants. II. Studia Entomologica, 5: 1-38.: 28) by Longino & Boudinot, 2013LONGINO, J.T. & BOUDINOT, B.E. 2013. New species of Central American Rhopalothrix Mayr, 1870 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zootaxa, 3616: 301-324.: 315.

Tribe Blepharidattini

Genus Blepharidatta W.M. Wheeler, 1915WHEELER, W.M. 1915. Two new genera of myrmicine ants from Brasil. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 59: 483-491.: 484

Blepharidatta brasiliensis W.M. Wheeler, 1915WHEELER, W.M. 1915. Two new genera of myrmicine ants from Brasil. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 59: 483-491.: 484. Syntype: 1W, [BRAZIL], Pa[rá], Belém, 15.v.1915, C.W. Beebe [leg.]. Worker with disarticulated postpetiole and gaster.

Blepharidatta conopsKempf, 1967KEMPF, W.W. 1967. Three new South American ants (Hym. Formicidae). Studia Entomologica, 10: 353-360.: 355. Holotype: 1W, Paratypes: 3W, [BRAZIL], MT[the correct locality is Mato Grosso do Sul/MS], Três Lagoas, 28.v.1964, [K. Lenko leg.], Exp[dição do] Depto[Departamento de] Zool[ogia], #4131.

Genus Wasmannia Forel, 1893FOREL, A. 1893. Formicides de l'Antille St. Vincent, récoltées par Mons. H.H. Smith. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London, 1893: 333-418.: 383

Wasmannia scrobiferaKempf, 1961aKEMPF, W.W. 1961a. A survey of the ants of the soil fauna in Surinam. Studia Entomologica, 4: 481-524.: 512. Holotype: 1W, SURINAM, Poeroe man Kemisa, ix.1959, J.V.[van der] Drift col., 2-XXIa-9, [Pitfall trap].

Wasmannia williamsoniKusnezov, 1952aKUSNEZOV, N. 1952a. El género Wasmannia en la Argentina (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Acta Zoologica Lilloana, 10: 173-182.: 181. Syntypes: 2W, ARGENTINA, La Pampa [Province], General Pico, [Coll.] Kuzn. #6060. One worker missing L3. Comments: The MZSP ant collection has one worker of Wasmannia auropunctata var. nigricans Emery, 1906EMERY, C. 1906[1905]. Studi sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. XXVI. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana, 37: 107-194.: 160 labeled as syntype [BRAZIL, Espírito Santo, Pto[Porto do] Cachoeira[o][Santa Leopoldina], i.1906, E. Garbe leg., MP #2265]. As the original publication informs "Paraguay" for type locality, we do not consider this a type specimen.

Tribe Crematogastrini

Genus Crematogaster Lund, 1831LUND, P.W. 1831. Lettre sur les habitudes de quelques fourmis du Brésil, adressée à M. Audouin. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, 23: 113-138.: 132

Crematogaster amapaensisKempf, 1960cKEMPF, W.W. 1960c. Insecta Amapaensia - Hymenoptera: Formicidae (segunda contribuição). Studia Entomologica, 3: 385-400.: 394. Holotype: 1W, [BRAZIL], Terr[itório do] Amapá, Rio Felicio, 25.vii.1959, J. Lane col. Missing L2, L6.

Crematogaster arcuata var. aruga Forel, 1913: 234. Cotypes[Syntypes]: 9W, [BRAZIL], E[spirito] S[anto], Pto[Porto do] Cachoeira[o][Santa Leopoldina], 1912, E. Garbe [leg.], MP #16.787, Coll. Borgm. #2087. One worker only with gaster. Junior synonym of Crematogaster arcuata Forel, 1899: 84 by Longino, 2003LONGINO, J.T. 2003. The Crematogaster (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) of Costa Rica. Zootaxa, 151: 1-150.: 35.

Crematogaster barbouriWeber, 1934WEBER, N.A. 1934. Notes on Neotropical ants, including the descriptions of new forms. Revista de Entomologia, 4: 22-59.: 24. Cotypes[Syntypes]: 3W, CUBA, Cienfuegos, Soledad, Seboruco, Limones, 22.viii.1933, N.A. Weber [leg.], #30. Junior synonym of Crematogaster cubaensisMann, 1920MANN, W.M. 1920. Additions to the ant fauna of the West Indies and Central America. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 42: 403-439.: 425 by Longino, 2003LONGINO, J.T. 2003. The Crematogaster (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) of Costa Rica. Zootaxa, 151: 1-150.: 132.

Crematogaster bingoForel, 1908FOREL, A. 1908. Ameisen aus Sao Paulo (Brasilien), Paraguay etc. gesammelt von Prof. Herm. v. Ihering, Dr. Lutz, Dr. Fiebrig, etc. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 58: 340-418.: 368. Cotypes[Syntypes]: 12W, [BRAZIL], S[ão] P[aulo, Santo André], Alto da Serra[Paranapiacaba], 15.x.1906, [H.] Lüderwaldt [leg.], MP #5599. One worker only with gaster.

Crematogaster brasiliensis var. cocciphila Borgmeier, 1934BORGMEIER, T. 1934. Contribuição para o conhecimento da fauna mirmecológica dos cafezais de Paramaribo, Guiana Holandesa (Hym. Formicidae). Archivos do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, 1: 93-111.: 102. Cotypes [Paratypes]: 1G 7W, [SURINAM], Paramaribo, [G.H.] Buenzli[Bünzli leg.], #10, [Coll. Borgm.] #5445. Dealated gyne; one worker missing head, L1. Junior synonym of Crematogaster brasiliensis Mayr, 1878: 875 by Longino, 2003LONGINO, J.T. 2003. The Crematogaster (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) of Costa Rica. Zootaxa, 151: 1-150.: 37.

Crematogaster brevispinosa st. malevolens Santschi, 1919SANTSCHI, F. 1919. Nouveaux formicides de la République Argentine. Anales de la Sociedad Cientifica Argentina, 87: 37-57.: 41. Syntype: 1W, [ARGENTINA], Corrientes, San Roque, T. Bos [leg., Coll. Borgm.] #3869. Raised to species by Longino, 2003LONGINO, J.T. 2003. The Crematogaster (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) of Costa Rica. Zootaxa, 151: 1-150.: 131. Junior synonym of Crematogaster rochai Forel, 1903FOREL, A. 1903. Mélanges entomologiques, biologiques et autres. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, 47: 249-268.: 255 by Wild, 2007WILD, A.L. 2007. A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 1622: 1-55.: 52.

Crematogaster brevispinosa subsp. montana Borgmeier, 1939BORGMEIER, T. 1939. Nova contribuição para o conhecimento das formigas neotropicas (Hym. Formicidae). Revista de Entomologia, 10: 403-428.: 421. Syntypes: 6W, [BRAZIL], R[io] de J[aneiro], Petrópolis, 1918, T. Borgmeier [leg.], Coll. Borgm. #10, [original publication says "sobre árvores" (on trees)]. Two workers missing L3; one worker missing L1, L4; one worker missing L5, L6. Raised to species by Longino, 2003LONGINO, J.T. 2003. The Crematogaster (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) of Costa Rica. Zootaxa, 151: 1-150.: 131.

Crematogaster brevispinosa r. recurvispina Forel, 1912bFOREL, A. 1912b. Formicides néotropiques. Part III. 3me sous-famille Myrmicinae (suite). Genres Cremastogaster et Pheidole. Mémoires de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, 19: 211-237.: 212. Syntype: 1W, [BRAZIL], Rio de Janeiro, GB[Guanabara], Inst[ituto de] Biol[ogia] Rio, A.J. Sampaio [leg.], Coll. Borgm. #4246. Missing L3. Junior synonym of Crematogaster crinosa Mayr, 1862MAYR, G. 1862. Myrmecologische Studien. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 12: 649-776.: 767 by Longino, 2003LONGINO, J.T. 2003. The Crematogaster (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) of Costa Rica. Zootaxa, 151: 1-150.: 49.

Crematogaster brevispinosa r. sampaioi Forel, 1912bFOREL, A. 1912b. Formicides néotropiques. Part III. 3me sous-famille Myrmicinae (suite). Genres Cremastogaster et Pheidole. Mémoires de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, 19: 211-237.: 213. Cotypes[Syntypes]: 1G 1W, BRÉSIL[BRAZIL], Rio de Janeiro, Campos, Inst[ituto de] Biol[ogia] Rio, A.J. Sampaio [leg.], Coll. Borgm. #4249. Junior synonym of Crematogaster crinosa Mayr, 1862MAYR, G. 1862. Myrmecologische Studien. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 12: 649-776.: 767 by Longino, 2003LONGINO, J.T. 2003. The Crematogaster (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) of Costa Rica. Zootaxa, 151: 1-150.: 49.

Crematogaster brevispinosa var. subtonsa Santschi, 1925bSANTSCHI, F. 1925b. Nouveaux Formicides brésiliens et autres. Bulletin et Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, 65: 221-247.: 229. Syntypes: 4W, [BRAZIL], M[inas] G[erais], vi.1912, E. Garbe [leg.], MP #20.678, Coll. Borgm. #2276. Raised to species by Longino, 2003LONGINO, J.T. 2003. The Crematogaster (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) of Costa Rica. Zootaxa, 151: 1-150.: 131.

Crematogaster browniBuren, 1968BUREN, W.F. 1968. A review of the species of Crematogaster, sensu stricto, in North America (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Part II. Descriptions of new species. Journal of the Georgia Entomological Society, 3: 91-121.: 100. Paratypes: 6W, [UNITED STATES OF AMERICA], Ariz[ona], Oracle, 11.iii.[19]19, W.M. Wheeler collection. One worker with damaged head.

Crematogaster bruchiForel, 1912bFOREL, A. 1912b. Formicides néotropiques. Part III. 3me sous-famille Myrmicinae (suite). Genres Cremastogaster et Pheidole. Mémoires de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, 19: 211-237.: 219. Cotype[Syntype]: 1W, ARGENTINA, Prov[ince] San Luis, C. Bruch [leg.]. 1W, ARGENTINA, Prov[ince] Tucumán, [San Luiz], C. Bruch [leg., MP] #20.831.

Crematogaster coleiBuren, 1968BUREN, W.F. 1968. A review of the species of Crematogaster, sensu stricto, in North America (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Part II. Descriptions of new species. Journal of the Georgia Entomological Society, 3: 91-121.: 108. Paratypes: 6W, [UNITED STATES OF AMERICA], N[ew] Mex[ico], 15 mi[les] N[orth] of Ruidosa, 21.vii.1957, W.F. Bauren [leg.].

Crematogaster cristataSantschi, 1929SANTSCHI, F. 1929. Nouvelles fourmis de la République Argentine et du Brésil. Anales de la Sociedad Cientifica Argentina, 107: 273-316.: 294. Syntypes: 5W, [BRAZIL], R[io de] J[aneiro], 1918, T. Borgmeier [leg.], Reichensperger coll[ection] #20, Coll. Borgm. One worker only with petiole, postpetiole and gaster only; one worker missing A2. Senior synonym of Crematogaster terricolaBorgmeier, 1929BORGMEIER, T. 1929. Zur Kenntnis der brasilianischen Ameisen. EOS. Revista Española de Entomología, 5: 195-214.: 210 by Kempf, 1968: 384.

Crematogaster distansMayr, 1870MAYR, G. 1870. Formicidae novogranadenses. Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe, 61: 370-417.: 402. Paratype: 1W, [COLOMBIA], Coll[ection] G. Mayr. Senior synonym of Crematogaster cordinodaForel, 1914aFOREL, A. 1914a. Quelques fourmis de Colombie. Mémoires de la Societé des Sciences Naturelles, 5(2): 9-14.: 12, Crematogaster distans r. paraensis Forel, 1904FOREL, A. 1904. Miscellanea myrmécologiques. Revue Suisse de Zoologie, 12: 1-52.: 37, Crematogaster distans subsp. parviceps Forel, 1908FOREL, A. 1908. Ameisen aus Sao Paulo (Brasilien), Paraguay etc. gesammelt von Prof. Herm. v. Ihering, Dr. Lutz, Dr. Fiebrig, etc. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 58: 340-418.: 369, Crematogaster distans subsp. vanda Borgmeier, 1929BORGMEIER, T. 1929. Zur Kenntnis der brasilianischen Ameisen. EOS. Revista Española de Entomología, 5: 195-214.: 209, Crematogaster pevsnerae Forel, 1912bFOREL, A. 1912b. Formicides néotropiques. Part III. 3me sous-famille Myrmicinae (suite). Genres Cremastogaster et Pheidole. Mémoires de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, 19: 211-237.: 218 by Kempf, 1968KEMPF, W.W. 1968. Miscellaneous studies on Neotropical ants. IV. (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Studia Entomologica, 11: 369-415.: 390. Senior synonym of Crematogaster descolei Kusnezov, 1949KUSNEZOV, N. 1949. Crematogaster (Neocrema) descolei n. sp. (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Acta Zoologica Lilloana, 8: 587-590.: 587 by Longino, 2003LONGINO, J.T. 2003. The Crematogaster (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) of Costa Rica. Zootaxa, 151: 1-150.: 59. Comment: Paratype locality is not registered on the label, this information was obtained on ( Bolton's Catalog 2013BOLTON, B. 2013. Synopsis of the Formicidae and Catalogue of Ants of the World. Memoirs of The American Entomological Institute, 71: 1-370. (Version: 1 January 2013)., 2014BOLTON, B. 2014. An online catalog of the ants of the world. Available at: <www.antcat.org/catalog>. Access in 04.iv.2014.
www.antcat.org/catalog...
).

Crematogaster distans r. paraensis Forel, 1904FOREL, A. 1904. Miscellanea myrmécologiques. Revue Suisse de Zoologie, 12: 1-52.: 37. Syntype: 1W, [BRAZIL], Pará, [1906], (Goeldi), nº 2, MP #3358. Junior synonym of Crematogaster distans Mayr, 1870MAYR, G. 1870. Formicidae novogranadenses. Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe, 61: 370-417.: 402 by Kempf, 1968KEMPF, W.W. 1968. Miscellaneous studies on Neotropical ants. IV. (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Studia Entomologica, 11: 369-415.: 390.

Crematogaster distans subsp. parviceps Forel, 1908FOREL, A. 1908. Ameisen aus Sao Paulo (Brasilien), Paraguay etc. gesammelt von Prof. Herm. v. Ihering, Dr. Lutz, Dr. Fiebrig, etc. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 58: 340-418.: 369. Syntypes: 10W, [BRASIL], S[ão] P[aulo], S[ão] Paulo, Ipiranga, [21.iii.]1906, [J.] Lima leg., MP #2421. One worker lost; one worker missing head, L2, L4, L6; two workers only with petiole, postpetiole and gaster. Junior synonym of Crematogaster distans Mayr, 1870MAYR, G. 1870. Formicidae novogranadenses. Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe, 61: 370-417.: 402 by Kempf, 1968KEMPF, W.W. 1968. Miscellaneous studies on Neotropical ants. IV. (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Studia Entomologica, 11: 369-415.: 390.

Crematogaster distans subsp. vanda Borgmeier, 1929BORGMEIER, T. 1929. Zur Kenntnis der brasilianischen Ameisen. EOS. Revista Española de Entomología, 5: 195-214.: 209. Syntypes: 5W, [BRAZIL], Rio de Janeiro, Niterói, xii.1921, Vanda Bartoldy [leg.], Coll. Borgm. #237. Junior synonym of Crematogaster distans Mayr, 1870MAYR, G. 1870. Formicidae novogranadenses. Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe, 61: 370-417.: 402 by Kempf, 1968KEMPF, W.W. 1968. Miscellaneous studies on Neotropical ants. IV. (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Studia Entomologica, 11: 369-415.: 390.

Crematogaster evallans var. carbonescens Forel, 1913FOREL, A. 1913. Fourmis d'Argentine, du Brésil, du Guatémala & de Cuba reçues de M.M. Bruch, Prof. v. Ihering, Mlle Baez, M. Peper et M. Rovereto. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles, 49: 203-250.: 233. Cotypes[Syntypes]: 9W, BRAZIL, Espirito Santo, Pto[Porto do] Cachoeira[o][Santa Leopoldina], 1912, E. Garbe leg., MP #16.795. One worker only with petiole, postpetiole and gaster; one worker missing A1, L1 tibia and tarsi; one worker with disarticulated gaster glued on the triangle. Junior synonym of Crematogaster evallans Forel, 1907FOREL, A. 1907. Formiciden aus dem Naturhistorischen Museum in Hamburg. II. Teil. Neueingänge seit 1900. Mitteilungen aus dem Naturhistorischen Museum in Hamburg, 24: 1-20.: 6 by Longino, 2003LONGINO, J.T. 2003. The Crematogaster (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) of Costa Rica. Zootaxa, 151: 1-150.: 66.

Crematogaster iheringiForel, 1908FOREL, A. 1908. Ameisen aus Sao Paulo (Brasilien), Paraguay etc. gesammelt von Prof. Herm. v. Ihering, Dr. Lutz, Dr. Fiebrig, etc. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 58: 340-418.: 366. Syntypes: 10W, [BRAZIL], S[ão] Paulo, [São Paulo], Ipiranga, 1906, [H.] Lüderwaldt [leg.], MP #2382, Coll. Borgm. #2067. Three workers only with gaster; one worker with damaged head.

Crematogaster indefensaKempf, 1968KEMPF, W.W. 1968. Miscellaneous studies on Neotropical ants. IV. (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Studia Entomologica, 11: 369-415.: 388. Holotype: 1W, Paratypes: 2G 1W, BOLIVIA, Chaparé, Villa Tunari, P. Wygodginski [leg.], ML #10312, 1000 m. One gyne missing W2, W3, W4; one dealated gyne.

Crematogaster isolataBuren, 1968BUREN, W.F. 1968. A review of the species of Crematogaster, sensu stricto, in North America (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Part II. Descriptions of new species. Journal of the Georgia Entomological Society, 3: 91-121.: 106. Paratypes: 6W, [UNITED STATES OF AMERICA], Texas, Davis Mts, N[orth] of McDonald Observatory, 14.x.1959, W.F. Buren [leg.]. One worker missing A2 funiculus.

Crematogaster magnificaSantschi, 1925bSANTSCHI, F. 1925b. Nouveaux Formicides brésiliens et autres. Bulletin et Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, 65: 221-247.: 234. Syntypes: 4W, [BRAZIL], Paraná, Rio Negro, [P.]M. Witte [leg.], Coll. Reichensperger, Coll. Borgm. #554. Senior synonym of Crematogaster magnifica var. nociva Borgmeier, 1937BORGMEIER, T. 1937. Formigas novas ou pouco conhecidas da America do Sul e Central, principalmente do Brasil. Archivos do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, 3: 217-255.: 234 by Kempf, 1968KEMPF, W.W. 1968. Miscellaneous studies on Neotropical ants. IV. (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Studia Entomologica, 11: 369-415.: 385.

Crematogaster magnifica var. nociva Borgmeier, 1937BORGMEIER, T. 1937. Formigas novas ou pouco conhecidas da America do Sul e Central, principalmente do Brasil. Archivos do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, 3: 217-255.: 234. Cotypes[Syntypes]: 1G 2W, [BRAZIL], Bahia, Água Preta, [Estação Geral de Experimentação do Instituto de Cacao da Bahia, iii.1936, G.] Bondar [leg.], Coll. Bondar #2007, Coll. Borgm. #5785. Gyne missing W1. Junior synonym of Crematogaster magnifica Santschi, 1925bSANTSCHI, F. 1925b. Nouveaux Formicides brésiliens et autres. Bulletin et Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, 65: 221-247.: 234 by Kempf, 1968KEMPF, W.W. 1968. Miscellaneous studies on Neotropical ants. IV. (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Studia Entomologica, 11: 369-415.: 385.

Crematogaster montezumia var. functa Forel, 1911FOREL, A. 1911. Ameisen des Herrn Prof. v. Ihering aus Brasilien (Sao Paulo usw.) nebst einigen anderen aus Südamerika und Afrika (Hym.). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, 1911: 285-312.: 300. Syntypes: 7W, [BRAZIL] S[ão] P[aulo], Cubatão, xii.1907, [H.] Lüderwaldt [leg.], MP #10.427, Coll. Borgm. #2085. One worker missing head; one worker only with gaster. Junior synonym of Crematogaster montezumia F. Smith, 1858SMITH, F. 1858. Catalogue of Hymenopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum 6. Formicidae. London. 216p.: 139 by Kempf, 1968KEMPF, W.W. 1968. Miscellaneous studies on Neotropical ants. IV. (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Studia Entomologica, 11: 369-415.: 386.

Crematogaster mutansBuren, 1968BUREN, W.F. 1968. A review of the species of Crematogaster, sensu stricto, in North America (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Part II. Descriptions of new species. Journal of the Georgia Entomological Society, 3: 91-121.: 115. Paratypes: 6W, [UNITED STATES OF AMERICA], Nevada, Carson City, between Reno, 09.viii.1957, W.F. Buren [leg., under rocks, edge of desert].

Crematogaster navajoaBuren, 1968BUREN, W.F. 1968. A review of the species of Crematogaster, sensu stricto, in North America (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Part II. Descriptions of new species. Journal of the Georgia Entomological Society, 3: 91-121.: 102. Paratypes: 6W, [UNITED STATES OF AMERICA], Ariz[ona], Seligman, 16.viii.1958, W.F. Buren [leg.]. One worker missing A1; one worker missing A2 funiculus.

Crematogaster rifelnaBuren, 1968BUREN, W.F. 1968. A review of the species of Crematogaster, sensu stricto, in North America (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Part II. Descriptions of new species. Journal of the Georgia Entomological Society, 3: 91-121.: 96. Paratypes: 6W, [UNITED STATES OF AMERICA] Texas, Riviera, 23.ix.1942.

Crematogaster rochaiForel, 1903FOREL, A. 1903. Mélanges entomologiques, biologiques et autres. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, 47: 249-268.: 255. Cotypes[Syntypes]: 1M 1W, [BRAZIL], Ceará, [1906, M.F. Diaz] Rocha [leg., MP] #3356. Male missing A1, part of A2; worker missing A1. Senior synonym of Crematogaster brevispinosa st. malevolens Santschi, 1919SANTSCHI, F. 1919. Nouveaux formicides de la République Argentine. Anales de la Sociedad Cientifica Argentina, 87: 37-57.: 41 by Wild, 2007WILD, A.L. 2007. A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 1622: 1-55.: 52.

Crematogaster scelerata taperensisBorgmeier, 1937BORGMEIER, T. 1937. Formigas novas ou pouco conhecidas da America do Sul e Central, principalmente do Brasil. Archivos do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, 3: 217-255.: 234. Syntypes: 2W, [BRAZIL], Pernambuco, Tapera[Train Station, Municipality of Moreno], 16.x.1927, [D.]B. Pickel [leg.], #850, Coll. Borgm. #3114. One worker missing head. 2W, [BRAZIL], Pernambuco, Tapera[Train Station, Municipality of Moreno], [D.]B. Pickel [leg.], #3285, Coll. Borgm. #5818. 2G 2W, [BRAZIL], Pernambuco, Tapera[Train Station, Municipality of Moreno], ix.1927, [D.]B. Pickel [leg.], #801/2, Coll. Borgm. #1708. 4W, [BRAZIL], Pernambuco, Tapera[Train Station, Municipality of Moreno], 02.viii.1927; [D.]B. Pickel [leg.], #764.

Crematogaster virgulaForel, 1899FOREL, A. 1899. Biologia Centrali-Americana, Hymenoptera (Formicidae). London. v. 3, 169p.: 85. Syntype: 1W, COSTA RICA, Coll. Borgm. #3859. Missing L3. Junior synonym of Crematogaster erectaMayr, 1866MAYR, G. 1866. Diagnosen neuer und wenig gekannter Formiciden. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 16: 885-908.: 902 by Kempf, 1968KEMPF, W.W. 1968. Miscellaneous studies on Neotropical ants. IV. (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Studia Entomologica, 11: 369-415.: 381. Comments: (1) The collection houses five specimens (1G 4W) from ARGENTINA, Province San Luiz, 1915, C. Bruch leg., MP #20.832, labeled as cotypes of Crematogaster brevispinosa r. moelleri var. tucumanensis Forel, 1914b: 271. However, we do not consider them as types since (Bolton 1995BOLTON, B. 1995. A new general catalogue of the Ants of the World. Cambridge, Harvard University Press. 504p.: 164) registered this as unavailable name. (2) The collection also has five specimens labeled as syntypes of Crematogaster bucki (1M 4W) from BRAZIL, Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Glória, 19.v.1926, P. Pio Buck S.J. leg., #106, Coll. Borgm. #1087, as this is an inexistent name we do not consider these specimens as types.

Tribe Formicoxenini

Genus Nesomyrmex W.M. Wheeler, 1910WHEELER, W.M. 1910. Three new genera of myrmicine ants from tropical America. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 28: 259-265.: 259

Leptothorax argentinusSantschi, 1922aSANTSCHI, F. 1922a. Description de nouvelles fourmis de l'Argentine et pays limitrophes. Anales de la Sociedad Cientifica Argentina, 94: 241-262.: 251. Syntype: 1W, RÉP[UBLIQUE] ARGENTINE, Chaco de Santiago del Estero, Icaño (Rio Salado), E.R. Wagner [leg.], Museum de Paris, Sammlung, Dr. F. Santschi, Kairouan. Disarticulated mesosoma, postpetiole and gaster, missing petiole. Combination in Nesomyrmex by Bolton, 2003BOLTON, B. 2003. Synopsis and classification of Formicidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 71: 1-370.: 272.

Leptothorax brasiliensisKempf, 1958KEMPF, W.W. 1958. Sôbre algumas formigas neotrópicas do gênero Leptothorax Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias, 30: 91-102.: 92. Holotype: 1W, Paratypes: 1G 5W, [BRAZIL], Pe[rnambuco], Caruaru, xii.1927, [D.]B. Pickel [leg.], Coll. Borgm. #3187. Dealated gyne missing L3, L4, L5; one worker only with postpetiole and gaster; one worker missing A1, A2, L3, L5, L6, postpetiole, gaster. Combination in Nesomyrmex by Bolton, 2003BOLTON, B. 2003. Synopsis and classification of Formicidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 71: 1-370.: 272.

Leptothorax itineransKempf, 1959KEMPF, W.W. 1959. A synopsis of the New World species belonging to the Nesomyrmex-group of the ant genus Leptothorax Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Studia Entomologica, 2: 391-432.: 407. Paratypes: 1G 2W, VENEZUELA, 12.v.1954, [all taken on orchids] Cattleya [at] Hoboken [NJ], A138397, USNM 54-6513. Dealated gyne; one worker with disarticulated head. Combination in Nesomyrmex by Bolton, 2003BOLTON, B. 2003. Synopsis and classification of Formicidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 71: 1-370.: 272.

Leptothorax mirassolisDiniz, 1975DINIZ, J.L.M. 1975. Leptothorax (Nesomyrmex) mirassolis, nova espécie de formiga da região norte-ocidental do estado de São Paulo, Brasil (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 19: 79-83.: 79. Holotype: 1W, Paratypes: 4W, [BRAZIL], S[ão] P[aulo], Mirassol, Grota, 2ª represa, 01.viii.1972, J. Diniz [leg.], #517, #10806, em caule oco de Piper aduncum. Holotype worker with disarticulated head. Paratype: 1G, [BRAZIL], S[ão] P[aulo], Agudos, [Seminário de Santo Antônio], 26.i.1955, W.[W.] Kempf [leg., Coll. Kempf] #1349, [original publication says "atraída pela luz" (caught with light trap)]. Combination in Nesomyrmex by Bolton, 2003BOLTON, B. 2003. Synopsis and classification of Formicidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 71: 1-370.: 272.

Leptothorax pleuriticusKempf, 1959KEMPF, W.W. 1959. A synopsis of the New World species belonging to the Nesomyrmex-group of the ant genus Leptothorax Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Studia Entomologica, 2: 391-432.: 417. Syntypes: 1G 1W, B. GUI.[GUYANA], Kartabo, 03.ix.1920, W.M. Wheeler [leg.], #751, in petiole of Tachigalia, #MCZ[C] 22-406. Gyne missing L5. Combination in Nesomyrmex by Bolton, 2003BOLTON, B. 2003. Synopsis and classification of Formicidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 71: 1-370.: 272. Comment: The first use of the name pleuriticus - L. echinatinodis aculeatinodis pleuriticus W.M. Wheeler, 1921WHEELER, W.M. 1921. The Tachigalia ants. Zoologica, 3: 137-168.: 158 - nowdays is considered an unavailable name (Bolton, 2013BOLTON, B. 2013. Synopsis of the Formicidae and Catalogue of Ants of the World. Memoirs of The American Entomological Institute, 71: 1-370. (Version: 1 January 2013)., 2014).

Leptothorax rutilansKempf, 1958KEMPF, W.W. 1958. Sôbre algumas formigas neotrópicas do gênero Leptothorax Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias, 30: 91-102.: 100. Paratype: 1W, B. GUI.[GUYANA], Kartabo, 19.viii.1920, W.M. Wheeler [leg.], #543. Combination in Nesomyrmex by Bolton, 2003: 272. Comment: The MZSP ant collection has nine workers from the paratype locality labeled as matatypes and nidotypes.

Leptothorax schwebeliForel, 1913FOREL, A. 1913. Fourmis d'Argentine, du Brésil, du Guatémala & de Cuba reçues de M.M. Bruch, Prof. v. Ihering, Mlle Baez, M. Peper et M. Rovereto. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles, 49: 203-250.: 216. Syntypes: 6W, Cotype[Syntype]: 1W, [BRAZIL], S[ão] P[aulo], S[ão] Paulo, Parque Cajurú, ix.1912, [E.] Schwebel [leg.], Mus. Paul.[MP] #17.311, Coll. Borgm. #2089, M2, M3. Two workers missing A1 funiculus; one worker missing A1, L4; two workers only with postpetiole and gaster. Combination in Nesomyrmex by Bolton, 2003BOLTON, B. 2003. Synopsis and classification of Formicidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 71: 1-370.: 272.

Leptothorax timidusKempf, 1959KEMPF, W.W. 1959. A synopsis of the New World species belonging to the Nesomyrmex-group of the ant genus Leptothorax Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Studia Entomologica, 2: 391-432.: 420. Paratypes: 2W, [VENEZUELA], 23.x.1944, Hoboken NJ, #3908, on Cattleya pseudobulb, Hoboken, USNM 25380, 44-25380. One worker with disarticulated postpetiole and gaster. Junior primary homonym of Leptothorax convexus timida Santschi, 1912SANTSCHI, F. 1912. Quelques nouvelles variétés de fourmis africaines. Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de l'Afrique du Nord, 3: 147-149.: 148 (now in Temnothorax). Replacement name brimodus by Bolton, 1995BOLTON, B. 1995. A new general catalogue of the Ants of the World. Cambridge, Harvard University Press. 504p.: 236. Combination in Nesomyrmex by Bolton, 2003BOLTON, B. 2003. Synopsis and classification of Formicidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 71: 1-370.: 272.

Leptothorax tonsuratusKempf, 1959KEMPF, W.W. 1959. A synopsis of the New World species belonging to the Nesomyrmex-group of the ant genus Leptothorax Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Studia Entomologica, 2: 391-432.: 412. Paratypes: 1G, [BRAZIL], R[io] de J[aneiro], P[or]to d[as] Caixas, iii.1928, O. Conde [leg.], Coll. Borgm. #3671. Gyne missing mesosoma, the others body parts are glued on the triangle. 1G, MEX[ICO], at Brownsv[ille] Tex., with orchids, Allen col., 10.xii.1956. Missing head. Combination in Nesomyrmex by Bolton, 2003BOLTON, B. 2003. Synopsis and classification of Formicidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 71: 1-370.: 272.

Leptothorax umbratilis W.M. Wheeler, 1921WHEELER, W.M. 1921. The Tachigalia ants. Zoologica, 3: 137-168.: 160. Syntype: 1W, B.G.[GUYANA], Penal Settlementm, near Bartica, 10.viii.1920, W.M. Wheeler [leg.], #542, in petiole Tachigalia sp., #MCZ[C] 22-9-04. Disarticulated head. Junior synonym of Nesomyrmex spininodis (Mayr, 1887MAYR, G. 1887. Südamerikanische Formiciden. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 37: 511-632.: 617) by Kempf, 1959KEMPF, W.W. 1959. A synopsis of the New World species belonging to the Nesomyrmex-group of the ant genus Leptothorax Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Studia Entomologica, 2: 391-432.: 427.

Genus Ochetomyrmex Mayr, 1878MAYR, G. 1878[1877]. Formiciden gesammelt in Brasilien von Professor Trail. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 27: 867-878.: 871

Wasmannia subpolita W.M. Wheeler, 1916aWHEELER, W.M. 1916a. Ants collected in British Guiana by the expedition of the American Museum of Natural History during 1911. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 35: 1-14.: 8. Syntypes: 3W, BRIT. GUIANA[GUYANA], Kauwa Creek, Roraima, 18.viii.1911, H.E. Crampton [leg.]. Combination in Ochetomyrmex by Kempf, 1961aKEMPF, W.W. 1961a. A survey of the ants of the soil fauna in Surinam. Studia Entomologica, 4: 481-524.: 511. Junior synonym of Ochetomyrmex semipolitus Mayr, 1878MAYR, G. 1878[1877]. Formiciden gesammelt in Brasilien von Professor Trail. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 27: 867-878.: 872 by Fernández, 2003aFERNÁNDEZ, F. 2003a. Myrmicine ants of the genera Ochetomyrmex and Tranopelta (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology, 41: 633-661.: 638. Comments: The MZSP ant collection has four specimens of Ochetomyrmex mayri Forel, 1908FOREL, A. 1908. Ameisen aus Sao Paulo (Brasilien), Paraguay etc. gesammelt von Prof. Herm. v. Ihering, Dr. Lutz, Dr. Fiebrig, etc. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 58: 340-418.: 360 [Syntypes: 4W, BRAZIL, Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, i.1906, J. Paldorff leg., MP #2349], as the original publication report "São Paulo" for type locality, we do not consider these as type specimens.

Genus Temnothorax Mayr, 1861MAYR, G. 1861. Die europäischen Formiciden. Nach der analytischen Methode bearbeitet. Wien, C. Gerolds Sohn. 80p.: 68

Macromischa azteca W.M. Wheeler, 1931WHEELER, W.M. 1931. New and little-known ants of the genera Macromischa, Creosomyrmex and Antillaemyrmex. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 72: 1-34.: 8. Cotypes[Syntypes]: 3W, [MEXICO], Mirador, 26.x.[19]29, [illegible], #MCZ[C] 810, #16357. Combination in Leptothorax by Baroni Urbani, 1978BARONI URBANI, C. 1978. Materiali per una revisione dei Leptothorax neotropicali appartenenti al sottogenere Macromischa Roger, n. comb. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Entomologica Basiliensia, 3: 395-618.: 425. Senior synonym of Leptothorax maya (Wheeler, 1937) by Baroni Urbani, 1978BARONI URBANI, C. 1978. Materiali per una revisione dei Leptothorax neotropicali appartenenti al sottogenere Macromischa Roger, n. comb. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Entomologica Basiliensia, 3: 395-618.: 425. Combination in Temnothorax by Bolton, 2003BOLTON, B. 2003. Synopsis and classification of Formicidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 71: 1-370.: 271.

Leptothorax emmaeMackay, 2000MACKAY, W.P. 2000. A review of the New World ants of the subgenus Myrafant (genus Leptothorax) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology, 36: 265-444.: 342. Paratypes: 2W, [UNITED STATES OF AMERICA], N[ew] M[exico], Hidalgo Co[unty], Pelloncillo M[o]nt[ain]s, Cor[onado], 31°30'58"N 109°00'04"N, 21.iii.[19]98, [W.] Mackay fam[ily] #17975, NF 51KSW, plant cavity. 1W, [UNITED STATES OF AMERICA], N[ew] M[exico], Hidalgo Co[unty], Cloverdale Creek, Coronado, 31°26'25"N 108°58'29"W, 19.iii.[19]98, [W.] Mackay fam[ily] #17925. Combination in Temnothorax by Bolton, 2003BOLTON, B. 2003. Synopsis and classification of Formicidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 71: 1-370.: 271.

Leptothorax josephiMackay, 2000MACKAY, W.P. 2000. A review of the New World ants of the subgenus Myrafant (genus Leptothorax) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology, 36: 265-444.: 349. Paratype: 1W, UNITED STATES [OF AMERICA], New Mexico, Socorro Co[unty], near M[ou]nt Wit[h]ington, 33°48'32.2"N 107°22'57.2W, 07.viii.1994, W. Mackay #16952, 2185 m. Combination in Temnothorax by Bolton, 2003BOLTON, B. 2003. Synopsis and classification of Formicidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 71: 1-370.: 271.

Leptothorax lindaeMackay, 2000MACKAY, W.P. 2000. A review of the New World ants of the subgenus Myrafant (genus Leptothorax) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology, 36: 265-444.: 356. Paratypes: 2W, UNITED STATES [OF AMERICA], California, Tulare Co[unty], Sequoia Nat[ional Park, 36°35'3.0"N 118°44'27.8"W, Wolverton C[ampground], 08.vii.[19]98, Mackay fam[ily] #18413, soil and mound. Combination in Temnothorax by Bolton, 2003: 271. Junior synonym of Temnothorax nevadensis (W.M. Wheeler, 1903WHEELER, W.M. 1903. A revision of the North American ants of the genus Leptothorax Mayr. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 55: 215-260.: 248) by Ward, 2005WARD, P. S. 2005. A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 936: 1-68.: 16.

Macromischa melanocephala W.M. Wheeler, 1931WHEELER, W.M. 1931. New and little-known ants of the genera Macromischa, Creosomyrmex and Antillaemyrmex. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 72: 1-34.: 15. Cotypes[Syntypes]: 3W, CUBA, Ensenada de Cochinos, 05.x.[19]29, [J.G.] Myers [leg.], #MCZ[C] 11-13, #16365. Junior secondary homonym of Leptothorax melanocephalus Emery, 1870EMERY, C. 1870. Studi mirmecologici. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana, 2: 193-201.: 197. Replacement name nigricans by Baroni Urbani, 1978BARONI URBANI, C. 1978. Materiali per una revisione dei Leptothorax neotropicali appartenenti al sottogenere Macromischa Roger, n. comb. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Entomologica Basiliensia, 3: 395-618.: 467. Combination in Temnothorax by Bolton, 2003BOLTON, B. 2003. Synopsis and classification of Formicidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 71: 1-370.: 271.

Leptothorax melinusMackay, 2000MACKAY, W.P. 2000. A review of the New World ants of the subgenus Myrafant (genus Leptothorax) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology, 36: 265-444.: 368. Paratypes: 2W, [UNITED STATES OF AMERICA], N[ew] M[exico], Socorro Co[unty], Bear Trap C[an]yon, 42.7K 133º, Datil., 33°50'13.0" 107°34'04.5", 06.viii.1994, W. Mackay #16889, 2286 m, nest under log. Combination in Temnothorax by Bolton, 2003BOLTON, B. 2003. Synopsis and classification of Formicidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 71: 1-370.: 271. Junior synonym of Temnothorax nitens (Emery, 1895EMERY, C. 1895. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der nordamerikanischen Ameisenfauna. (Schluss). Zoologische Jahrbucher. Abtheilung fur Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere, 8: 257-360.: 322) by Ward, 2005WARD, P. S. 2005. A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 936: 1-68.: 17.

Leptothorax punctaticepsMackay, 2000MACKAY, W.P. 2000. A review of the New World ants of the subgenus Myrafant (genus Leptothorax) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology, 36: 265-444.: 388. Paratype: 1W, MEX[ICO], N[uevo] L[eón], 61K NE[Northeast], 10.vi.1988, Dr. Arroyo, W. Mackay #11004, 2540 m, collected in log/stump. Combination in Temnothorax by Bolton, 2003BOLTON, B. 2003. Synopsis and classification of Formicidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 71: 1-370.: 272.

Macromischa squamifera var. atrinodis Mann, 1920MANN, W.M. 1920. Additions to the ant fauna of the West Indies and Central America. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 42: 403-439.: 412. Syntypes: 3W, CUBA, Trinidad Mts, Mina Carlota, 1917, W.M. Mann [leg.]. One worker missing L2. Junior synonym of Macromischa squamifera Roger, 1863ROGER, J. 1863. Die neu aufgeführten Gattungen und Arten meines Formiciden-Verzeichnisses nebst Ergänzung einiger früher gegebenen Beschreibungen. Berliner Entomologosche Zeitschrift, 7: 131-214.: 186 by W.M. Wheeler, 1931WHEELER, W.M. 1931. New and little-known ants of the genera Macromischa, Creosomyrmex and Antillaemyrmex. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 72: 1-34.: 21; Baroni Urbani, 1978BARONI URBANI, C. 1978. Materiali per una revisione dei Leptothorax neotropicali appartenenti al sottogenere Macromischa Roger, n. comb. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Entomologica Basiliensia, 3: 395-618.: 508. Combination in Temnothorax by Bolton, 2003BOLTON, B. 2003. Synopsis and classification of Formicidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 71: 1-370.: 271.

Leptothorax whitfordiMackay, 2000MACKAY, W.P. 2000. A review of the New World ants of the subgenus Myrafant (genus Leptothorax) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology, 36: 265-444.: 421. Paratypes: 2W, [UNITED STATES OF AMERICA], N[ew] M[exico], Eddy Co[unty], Guadalupe M[ou]nt[ain]s, 5.3 km SE[Southeast], Sitting Bull Falls, 32°12'15"N 104°40'23"W, 31.viii.[19]97, W. [MacKay] & E. MacKay #17575, 1559 m, on branch. One worker missing A1, L2, L3 tibia; one other worker missing head. Combination in Temnothorax by Bolton, 2003BOLTON, B. 2003. Synopsis and classification of Formicidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 71: 1-370.: 272.

Tribe Lenomyrmecini

Genus Lenomyrmex Fernández & Palacio, 1999FERNÁNDEZ, F. & PALACIO, E.E. 1999. Lenomyrmex, an enigmatic new ant genus from the Neotropical Region. Systematic Entomology, 24: 7-16.: 8

Lenomyrmex foveolatusFernández & Palacio, 1999FERNÁNDEZ, F. & PALACIO, E.E. 1999. Lenomyrmex, an enigmatic new ant genus from the Neotropical Region. Systematic Entomology, 24: 7-16.: 13. Paratype: 1W, COLOMBIA, Valle Darién, Cuenca Media Calima, Rio Azul [Camp], [03°57"N 76°42'W], 23Abr94[23.iv.1994], R. Aldana [leg.], 550 [m].

Lenomyrmex mandibularisFernández & Palacio, 1999FERNÁNDEZ, F. & PALACIO, E.E. 1999. Lenomyrmex, an enigmatic new ant genus from the Neotropical Region. Systematic Entomology, 24: 7-16.: 8. Paratypes: 2W, COLOMBIA, Nariño, Res[erva] La Planada, C[atalina] Estrada, [01°05'N 77°24'W, 01.iii.1995], 1800 m, [Montane Rainforest]. One worker missing L3 and L5 both 2º to 5º tarsus; one worker missing head, L2 tarsi, L4 tibia and tarsi glued on the triangle.

Lenomyrmex wardiFernández & Palacio, 1999FERNÁNDEZ, F. & PALACIO, E.E. 1999. Lenomyrmex, an enigmatic new ant genus from the Neotropical Region. Systematic Entomology, 24: 7-16.: 10. Paratype: [lost specimen], COLOMBIA, Nariño, Barbacoas, RN[National Reserve] Rio Ñambi, 01°17'N 78°15'W, [01.v.1995, F. Escobar leg., #204], 1300 [m], Interior Bosque, bh-T. Pin labeled but without specimen or triangle. Comment: According the original publication, one worker from the same series of the holotype [ECUADOR, Pichincha] should be deposited in the MZSP. But, we received just a pinned paratype label that should be deposited at CUIC, LACM, NHMV, USNM or MNHG.

Tribe Myrmicini

Genus Hylomyrma Forel, 1912cFOREL, A. 1912c. Formicides Néotropiques. Part 4. 3me sous-famille Myrmicinae Lep. (suite). Mémoires de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, 20: 1-32.: 16

Hylomyrma blandiensKempf, 1961aKEMPF, W.W. 1961a. A survey of the ants of the soil fauna in Surinam. Studia Entomologica, 4: 481-524.: 500. Holotype: 1W, SURINAM, Dirkshoop, v.1959, 27-IIIcd-10, I[J.] v[an] d[er] Drift col., [soil sample from primary forest]. Missing L4 femur to tarsi. Paratype: 1G, SURINAM, La Poulle, viii.1959, 31-XIVb-8, I[J.] v[an] d[er] Drift col., [soil sample from shrub on sand]. Dealate gyne.

Hylomyrma dolichopsKempf, 1973KEMPF, W.W. 1973. A revision of the Neotropical myrmicine ant genus Hylomyrma Forel. Studia Entomologica, 16: 225-260.: 239. Paratypes: 1G 3W, COLOMBIA, Amaz[onas], 7 km NW[Northwest of] Leticia, 20-25Feb1972[20-25.ii.1972], S. [Peck] & J. Peck [leg.], #230, forest litter, Berlesate[Berlese-Tullgren funnels]. Dealated gyne.

Hylomyrma immanisKempf, 1973KEMPF, W.W. 1973. A revision of the Neotropical myrmicine ant genus Hylomyrma Forel. Studia Entomologica, 16: 225-260.: 241. Paratypes: 7W, COLOMBIA, Amaz[onas], 7 km NW[Northwest of] Leticia, 20-25Feb1972[20-25.ii.1972], S. [Peck] & J. Peck [leg.], #230, forest litter, Berlesate[Berlese-Tullgren funnels]. One worker coated with gold; one worker missing L6 tibia and tarsi.

Hylomyrma longiscapaKempf, 1961aKEMPF, W.W. 1961a. A survey of the ants of the soil fauna in Surinam. Studia Entomologica, 4: 481-524.: 498. Holotype: 1W, SURINAM, Dirkshoop, v.1959, 10-IIIa-2, I[J.] v[an] d[er] Drift col., [pitfall trap catch in primary forest]. Comment: The paratype collected near Vank, Surinam, is not in the Kempf collection, now MZSP, but in MCZC (Kempf, 1973KEMPF, W.W. 1973. A revision of the Neotropical myrmicine ant genus Hylomyrma Forel. Studia Entomologica, 16: 225-260.).

Hylomyrma praepotensKempf, 1973KEMPF, W.W. 1973. A revision of the Neotropical myrmicine ant genus Hylomyrma Forel. Studia Entomologica, 16: 225-260.: 245. Paratypes: 3W, COLOMBIA, Amaz[onas], 7 km NW[Northwest of] Leticia, 20-25Feb1972[20-25.ii.1972], S. [Peck] & J. Peck [leg.], #230, forest litter, Berlesate[Berlese-Tullgren funnels]. 3W, COLOMBIA, Meta, Villavicencia[o], 01-04.iii.1972, S. [Peck] & J. Peck [leg.], #233, forest litter, Berlesate[Berlese-Tullgren funnels]. One worker coated with gold.

Hylomyrma sagaxKempf, 1973KEMPF, W.W. 1973. A revision of the Neotropical myrmicine ant genus Hylomyrma Forel. Studia Entomologica, 16: 225-260.: 249. Paratypes: 3W, COLOMBIA, Amaz[onas], 7 km NW[Northwest of] Leticia, 20-25Feb1972[20-25.ii.1972], S. [Peck] & J. Peck [leg.], #230, forest litter, Berlesate[Berlese-Tullgren funnels]. One worker missing L1 2º to 5º tarsus, L2 tarsi.

Lundella speciosaBorgmeier, 1937BORGMEIER, T. 1937. Formigas novas ou pouco conhecidas da America do Sul e Central, principalmente do Brasil. Archivos do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, 3: 217-255.: 241. Syntypes: 3W, [BRAZIL, Rio de Janeiro], Itatyaia[Itatiaia], 1936, J.F. Zikán [leg.]. One worker missing A1. Lundella as junior synonym of Hylomyrma by Brown, 1953: 3. Junior synonym of Hylomyrma balzani (Emery, 1894EMERY, C. 1894. Studi sulle formiche della fauna Neotropica. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana, 26: 137-241.: 165) by Kempf, 1960aKEMPF, W.W. 1960a. Miscellaneous studies on Neotropical ants I. Studia Entomologica, 3: 417-466.: 434.

Hylomyrma transversaKempf, 1973KEMPF, W.W. 1973. A revision of the Neotropical myrmicine ant genus Hylomyrma Forel. Studia Entomologica, 16: 225-260.: 250. Paratype: 1W, PERU, [Loreto], Islandia, 23.ix.1962, W.L. Brown [leg.], Varzia litter. Missing postpetiole, gaster.

Hylomyrma versutaKempf, 1973KEMPF, W.W. 1973. A revision of the Neotropical myrmicine ant genus Hylomyrma Forel. Studia Entomologica, 16: 225-260.: 253. Paratype: 1W, MEX[ICO], Vera Cr[Veracruz], Pueblo Nuevo, nr[near] Tetzonapa, 14Aug53[14.viii.1953], E.O. Wilson [leg.], #221, Rainforest. 5W, BRIT. HONDURAS[BELIZE], Caves Branch, viii.1972, S. [Peck] & J. Peck [leg.]. One worker missing A1 three-segmented clava; one worker missing L3 trochanter to tarsi; one worker missing L3 and L5 both trochanter to tarsi. 1W, BRIT. HONDURAS[BELIZE], Humming Bird Pass, 27 mi[les] NW[Northwest of] Stann Creek, 19.viii.1972, S. [Peck] & J. Peck [leg.], #246, forest litter, Berlesate[Berlese-Tullgren funnels]. 2G 5W, BRIT. HONDURAS[BELIZE], Belmopan, B-244, 07.viii.1972, S. [Peck] & J. Peck [leg.], Second Growth Forest. One dealate gyne.

Genus Myrmica Latreille, 1804LATREILLE, P.A. 1804. Tableau méthodique des insectes. Classe huitième. Insectes, Insecta. Nouveau Dictionnaire d'Histoire Naturelle, 24: 129-200.: 179

Myrmica sabuleti trullicornisBuren, 1944BUREN, W.F. 1944. A list of Iowa ants. Iowa State College Journal of Science, 18: 277-312.: 281. Paratype: 1W, [UNITED STATES OF AMERICA], Iowa, Ames, 5Aug1939[05.viii.1939], W. Buren [leg., from woodland colonies]. Junior synonym of Myrmica sabuleti americana Weber, 1939: 144 by Weber, 1948WEBER, N.A. 1948. A revision of the North American ants of the genus Myrmica Latreille, with a synopsis of the Palearctic species. 2. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 41: 267-308.: 288. Revived from synonymy as subspecies of Myrmica hamulata trullicornis Buren, 1944BUREN, W.F. 1944. A list of Iowa ants. Iowa State College Journal of Science, 18: 277-312. by Creighton, 1950CREIGHTON, W.S. 1950. The ants of North America. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 104: 1-585.: 99.

Genus Pogonomyrmex Mayr, 1868MAYR, G. 1868. Formicidae novae americanae collectae a Prof. P. de Strobel. Annuario della Società dei Naturalisti Modena, 3: 161-178.: 169

Pogonomyrmex cunicularis var. carnivora Santschi, 1925aSANTSCHI, F. 1925a. Fourmis des provinces Argentine de Santa Fe, Catamarca, Santa Cruz, Córdoba et Los Andes. Comunicaciones del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural "Bernardino Rivadavia", 2: 149-168.: 155. Type[Syntype]: 1W, ARGENTINE[ARGENTINA, Santa Fe], Fives Lille, Weiser [leg., Coll. Borgm.] #3882. Missing tarsi of L1, L4, L5 and L6, L3 tibia and tarsi. Junior synonym of Pogonomyrmex cunicularius Mayr, 1887: 613 by Kusnezov, 1951KUSNEZOV, N. 1951. El género Pogonomyrmex Mayr. Acta Zoologica Lilloana, 11: 227-333.: 251. Revived from synonymy and raised to species by G.C. Wheeler & J. Wheeler, 1972WHEELER, G.C. & WHEELER, J. 1972. Ant larvae of the subfamily Myrmicinae: second supplement on the tribes Myrmicini and Pheidolini. Journal of the Georgia Entomological Society, 7: 233-246.: 236. Junior synonym of Pogonomyrmex cunicularius Mayr, 1887: 613 by Bolton, 1995BOLTON, B. 1995. A new general catalogue of the Ants of the World. Cambridge, Harvard University Press. 504p.: 340.

Pogonomyrmex lobatusSantschi, 1921SANTSCHI, F. 1921. Ponerinae, Dorylinae et quelques autres formicides néotropiques. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles, 54: 81-103.: 96. Cotype[Syntype]: 1W, [ARGENTINA], Entre Rios, Villaguay, [C.] Bruch [leg., Coll. Borgm.] #3817. Missing L2 femur to tarsi, L4, L5.

Pogonomyrmex marcusiKusnezov, 1951KUSNEZOV, N. 1951. El género Pogonomyrmex Mayr. Acta Zoologica Lilloana, 11: 227-333.: 260. Syntypes: 3W, BOLIVIA, Cochabamba, 04.v.1946, H. Marcus [leg.]. One worker missing L1 trochanter to tarsi, L2 tarsi, L3 tibia and tarsi.

Pogonomyrmex mendozanusCuezzo & Claver, 2009CUEZZO, F. & CLAVER, S. 2009. Two new species of the ant genus Pogonomyrmex from Argentina. Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina, 68: 97-106.: 101. Paratypes: 10W, R[EPUBLICA] ARGENTINA, Mendoza [Province, Department of Santa Rosa], Ñacuñán, 26.iii.1998, S. Claver col., nido excavado. One worker missing L5 tarsi, L6 tibia and tarsi; one worker missing L2 and L5 both tibia and tarsi, L6 tarsi; one worker with disarticulated gaster glued on the triangle; one worker missing L5 tarsi; one worker missing L6 tarsi.

Pogonomyrmex vermiculatus var. variabilis Santschi, 1916SANTSCHI, F. 1916[1915]. Descriptions de fourmis nouvelles d'Afrique et d'Amérique. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 84: 497-513.: 511. Cotype[Syntype]: 1W, ARGENTINE[ARGENTINA], Rio Negro, Coral Chico, [06.iii.]1915, Lehmann [leg., Coll.] Bruch #253, [Coll. Borgm.] #3885. Missing L1 trochanter to tarsi. Raised to species by Kusnezov, 1951KUSNEZOV, N. 1951. El género Pogonomyrmex Mayr. Acta Zoologica Lilloana, 11: 227-333.: 253.

Pogonomyrmex weiseriSantschi, 1922bSANTSCHI, F. 1922b. Myrmicines, dolichodérines et autres formicides néotropiques. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles, 54: 345-378.: 348. Type[Syntype]: 1W, [ARGENTINA], Catamarca, [Ampajanga, Valle Santa Maria or Caspichango, no date, V.] Weiser [leg., Coll. Borgm.] #3818. Missing A2. Junior synonym of Pogonomyrmex rastratus Mayr, 1868: 171 by Kusnezov, 1951KUSNEZOV, N. 1951. El género Pogonomyrmex Mayr. Acta Zoologica Lilloana, 11: 227-333.: 252.

Tribe Phalacromyrmecini

Genus Phalacromyrmex Kempf, 1960bKEMPF, W.W. 1960b. Phalacromyrmex, a new ant genus from southern Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Biologia, 20: 89-92.: 89

Phalacromyrmex fugaxKempf, 1960bKEMPF, W.W. 1960b. Phalacromyrmex, a new ant genus from southern Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Biologia, 20: 89-92.: 90. Holotype: 1W, [BRAZIL], SC[Santa Catarina], Ibicaré, vii.1959, F. Plaumann [leg.]. Missing L2 3º to 5º tarsus, L4 2º to 5º tarsus, L6 tarsi. Paratype: 1W, [BRAZIL], SC[Santa Catarina], Ibicaré, vii.1959, F. Plaumann [leg.]. Head broken in three parts glued on the paper, missing L5 2º to 5º tarsus.

Tribe Pheidolini

Genus Aphaenogaster Mayr, 1853MAYR, G. 1853. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Ameisen. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Vereins in Wien, 3: 101-114.: 107

Aphaenogaster hondurianaMann, 1922MANN, W.M. 1922. Ants from Honduras and Guatemala. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 61: 1-54.: 23. Cotypes[Syntypes]: 3W, HONDURAS, [Lombardia], San Juan Pueblo, W.M. Mann col., #USNM 24449.

Genus Pheidole Westwood, 1839WESTWOOD, J.O. 1839. An Introduction to the Modern Classification of Insects; founded on the natural habits and corresponding organization of the different families. London, Longman. v. 2.: 219

Pheidole anastasii var. sospes Forel, 1908FOREL, A. 1908. Ameisen aus Sao Paulo (Brasilien), Paraguay etc. gesammelt von Prof. Herm. v. Ihering, Dr. Lutz, Dr. Fiebrig, etc. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 58: 340-418.: 381. Syntypes: 3S 4W, [BRAZIL, São Paulo], Ypiranga[Ipiranga], #5571. One soldier only with postpetiole and gaster. Raised to species and senior synonym of Pheidole minutissima Kusnezov, 1952bKUSNEZOV, N. 1952b[1951]. El género Pheidole en la Argentina (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Acta Zoologica Lilloana, 12: 5-88.: 78 by Wilson, 2003WILSON, E.O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, USA, ix + 794p.: 509.

Pheidole angustaForel, 1908FOREL, A. 1908. Ameisen aus Sao Paulo (Brasilien), Paraguay etc. gesammelt von Prof. Herm. v. Ihering, Dr. Lutz, Dr. Fiebrig, etc. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 58: 340-418.: 373. Syntypes: 12S 10W, [BRAZIL], S[ão] P[aulo], Raiz da Serra, [H.] Lüderwaldt [leg.], 15.x.1906, MP #11.228, MP #5635. Two soldiers missing A1; one soldier missing A2; one worker missing A1 funiculus; one worker missing gaster; one soldier and one worker lost. Senior synonym of Pheidole idulis Forel, 1912bFOREL, A. 1912b. Formicides néotropiques. Part III. 3me sous-famille Myrmicinae (suite). Genres Cremastogaster et Pheidole. Mémoires de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, 19: 211-237.: 235 by Wilson, 2003WILSON, E.O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, USA, ix + 794p.: 167.

Pheidole arciferaSantschi, 1925bSANTSCHI, F. 1925b. Nouveaux Formicides brésiliens et autres. Bulletin et Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, 65: 221-247.: 226. Syntype[Lectotype]: 1S, Syntypes[Paralectotypes]: 2S 2W, [BRAZIL], M[inas] G[erais], Pirapora, [E.] Garbe [leg.], MP #20.659. Lectotype missing L2; workers missing A1; one soldier only with postpetiole and gaster.

Pheidole bigoteLongino, 2009LONGINO, J.T. 2009. Additions to the taxonomy of New World Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 2181: 1-90.: 13. Paratypes: 1S 1W, MEXICO, Chiapas, Playón de la Gloria, 16.15149°N 90.89689°W ± 16 m, 25.vi.2008, J. Longino #6396, 170 m, Wet Forest, nest in clay bank.

Pheidole borgmeieriKempf, 1972KEMPF, W.W. 1972. A study of some Neotropical ants of genus Pheidole Westwood. I. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Studia Entomologica, 15: 449-464.: 461. Holotype: 1S, Paratypes: 3S 8W, [BRAZIL], SP[São Paulo], Juquitiba, BR-2[116] km 76 [São Paulo-Curitiba road], 01.x.1961, W.W. Kempf [leg., Coll. Kempf] #4737, [taken from sifted leaf-mold in woodland]. 1S 2W, [BRAZIL], SP[São Paulo], Juquitiba, BR-2[116] [São Paulo-Curitiba road], 07.viii.1960[original publication says "08.viii.1960"], W.W. Kempf [leg., Coll. Kempf] #6977. 1S, [BRAZIL], S[ão] Paulo, [Serra da] Cantareira, 20.viii.1958, K. Lenko col., #584. 10W, [BRAZIL], S[ão] Paulo, [Serra da] Cantareira, 20.viii.1958, K. Lenko col., #583. 11S 9W, [BRAZIL], S[ão] Paulo, [Serra da] Cantareira, 20.viii.1958, K. Lenko col., #634.

Pheidole branstetteriLongino, 2009LONGINO, J.T. 2009. Additions to the taxonomy of New World Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 2181: 1-90.: 17. Paratypes: 1S 1W, MEXICO, Chiapas, Nahá, 16.97978°N 91.58544°W, 12.vi.2008, LLAMA #Ba-A-07-3-04-05, 860 m, Mesophil Forest, at bait. Missing L1 tibia, L3 tarsi.

Pheidole camptostelaKempf, 1972KEMPF, W.W. 1972. A study of some Neotropical ants of genus Pheidole Westwood. I. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Studia Entomologica, 15: 449-464.: 457. Holotype: 1S, Paratypes: 3S 2W, [BRAZIL], MT[Mato Grosso], Utiariti, Rio Papagaio, 12.xi.1966, [K.] Lenko & Pereira [leg.], DZSP #4969. 8S 4W, [BRAZIL], MT[Mato Grosso], Utiariti, Rio Papagaio, 27.x.1966, [K.] Lenko & Pereira [leg.], DZSP #4745.

Pheidole carinoteLongino, 2009LONGINO, J.T. 2009. Additions to the taxonomy of New World Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 2181: 1-90.: 20. Paratypes: 1S, COSTA RICA, Puntarenas, 10 km, SW[Southwest], Pto.[Puerto] Jimenez, 8.46553°N 83.36928°W ± 30 m, 12.iii.2008, J. Longino #6197-s, 240 m, CASENT0601695. Postpetiole and gaster disarticulated. 1W, COSTA RICA, Puntarenas, 13 km SSW[South-southwest], Pto.[Puerto] Jimenez, 8.40667°N 83.328333°W ± 200 m, 10.iii.2008, J. Longino #6207-s, 130 m.

Pheidole clydeiGregg, 1950GREGG, R.E. 1950. A new species of Pheidole from the Southwest. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 58: 89-93.: 89. Paratypes: 1S 1W, [UNITED STATES OF AMERICA], Cali[fornia], Split Montain, 500'[feet], Anza-[Borrego] Desert St[ate] P[ar]k, 19.iv.1952, W.S. Creighton, received from Dr. R. Gregg 01.x.1954, Coll. Kempf. Soldier missing L1 tarsi.

Pheidole cocciphagaBorgmeier, 1934BORGMEIER, T. 1934. Contribuição para o conhecimento da fauna mirmecológica dos cafezais de Paramaribo, Guiana Holandesa (Hym. Formicidae). Archivos do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, 1: 93-111.: 99. Syntypes: 3G 2S 2W, SURINAM, Paramaribo, 1932, [G.H.] Buenali[Bünzli leg.], nº 15, Coll. Borgm. #5460.

Pheidole coffeicolaBorgmeier, 1934BORGMEIER, T. 1934. Contribuição para o conhecimento da fauna mirmecológica dos cafezais de Paramaribo, Guiana Holandesa (Hym. Formicidae). Archivos do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, 1: 93-111.: 98. Lectotype: 1S, Syntypes [Paralectotypes]: 3G 5S 4W, SURINAM, Paramaribo, 1932, [G.H.] Buenzli[Bünzli leg.], nº 3, [Coll. Borgm.] #5459. Paralectotypes: one soldier missing A2; one soldier only with postpetiole and gaster; one soldier missing A1 funiculus; one worker missing A2.

Pheidole cramptoni W.M. Wheeler, 1916aWHEELER, W.M. 1916a. Ants collected in British Guiana by the expedition of the American Museum of Natural History during 1911. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 35: 1-14.: 4. Cotypes[Syntypes]: 3W, B.G.[GUYANA], Kartabo, vii-viii.1920, W.M. Wheeler collection, #22813. Senior synonym of Pheidole petiolicola W.M. Wheeler, 1921WHEELER, W.M. 1921. The Tachigalia ants. Zoologica, 3: 137-168.: 147 by Kempf & Brown, 1968KEMPF, W.W. & BROWN JR., W.L. 1968. Report on some Neotropical ant studies. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, 22: 89-102.: 97.

Pheidole dinophilaWilson, 2003WILSON, E.O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, USA, ix + 794p.: 408. Holotype: 1S, Paratypes: 2M 2W, BRASIL, M[ato Grosso do] S[ul], Campo Grande, 10 km E[ast, C.R.F.] Brandão & [C.G.] Froehlich [leg.], ex ninho Dinoponera australis. Paratypes: one male missing postpetiole, gaster. Paratypes: 1G 2M 6S 3W, BRASIL, S[ão] P[aulo], Itirapina, 10.vi.1993, R. Paiva col. Dealated gyne missing L3; one soldier missing A1, A2, petiole, postpetiole, gaster.

Pheidole dyctiotaKempf, 1972KEMPF, W.W. 1972. A study of some Neotropical ants of genus Pheidole Westwood. I. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Studia Entomologica, 15: 449-464.: 451. Holotype: 1S, Paratypes: 3G 15S 10W, BRASILIEN[BRAZIL], Nova Teutônia, 22°11'B 52°23'L, Fritz Plaumann [leg.], viii.1959, [Coll. Kempf] #3729. Dealated gynes. 1G 1S, BRASILIEN[BRAZIL], Nova Teutônia, 22°11'B 52°23'L, Fritz Plaumann [leg.], 04.v.1963, [Coll. Kempf] #3714. Dealated gyne missing head. 1G 1S, BRASILIEN[BRAZIL], Nova Teutônia, 22°11'B 52°23'L, Fritz Plaumann [leg.], i.1963, [Coll. Kempf] #3741. Dealated gyne. 1S 1W, BRASILIEN[BRAZIL], Nova Teutônia, 22°11'B 52°23'L, Fritz Plaumann [leg.], i.1957. 1S, BRASILIEN[BRAZIL], Nova Teutônia, 22°11'B 52°23'L, Fritz Plaumann [leg.], x.1957. 1G 1S, [BRAZIL, São Paulo], Grande SP[São Paulo], Serra dos Agudos, xi.1963, F. Plaumann [leg.], WWK[Coll. Kempf] #3938. Dealated gyne. 1W, [BRAZIL, São Paulo], Grande SP[São Paulo], Serra dos Agudos, xi.1963, F. Plaumann [leg.], WWK[Coll. Kempf] #3936. 1G 1S, BRASIL, D. Federal[Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro], Floresta da Tijuca, 16.xii.1959, C.A. Campos Seabra [leg.], Coleção Campos Seabra. Dealated gyne.

Pheidole eidmanniMenozzi, 1926MENOZZI, C. 1926. Neue Ameisen aus Brasilien. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 69: 68-72.: 69. Cotypes[Syntypes]: 2W, [BRAZIL], S[ão] P[aulo], Mogi das Cruzes, 1926, Escherich [leg.], Coll. Borgm. #4254.

Pheidole embolopyxBrown, 1968BROWN JR., W.L. 1968[1967]. A new Pheidole with reversed phragmosis. Psyche, 74: 331-339.: 332. Paratypes: 1G 2S 1W, BRAZIL, Amazonas, Manaus, Itacoatiara, km 50, 24.viii.1962, M-60, W.L. Brown [leg.]. Dealated gyne missing A1, L2, L3, and L4 tarsi.

Pheidole eowilsoniLongino, 2009LONGINO, J.T. 2009. Additions to the taxonomy of New World Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 2181: 1-90.: 26. Paratypes: 1S 1W, COSTA RICA, Alajuela, Ref.[Casa] Eladio, Peñas Blancas, 10.31667°N 84.71667°W ± 2000 m, 02.iii.2008, J. Longino #6149, 800 m, Wet Forest, stream edge, nest in clay bank.

Pheidole epiphytaLongino, 2009LONGINO, J.T. 2009. Additions to the taxonomy of New World Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 2181: 1-90.: 29. Paratypes: 1S 1W, COSTA RICA, Alajuela, Ref.[Casa] Eladio, Peñas Blancas, 10.31667°N 84.71667°W ± 2000 m, 03.iii.2004, J. Longino #5284, 800 m, Wet Forest, nest under epiphytes.

Pheidole flavens st. breviseta Santschi, 1919SANTSCHI, F. 1919. Nouveaux formicides de la République Argentine. Anales de la Sociedad Cientifica Argentina, 87: 37-57.: 39. Paratypes: 2W, [ARGENTINA], Córdoba, [Alta Garcia], [C.] Bruch [leg.], #3849. Raised to species by Santschi, 1923bSANTSCHI, F. 1923b. Pheidole et quelques autres fourmis néotropiques. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, 63: 45-69.: 60.

Pheidole fossimandibulaLongino, 2009LONGINO, J.T. 2009. Additions to the taxonomy of New World Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 2181: 1-90.: 33. Paratypes: 1S 1W, COSTA RICA, Alajuela, Ref.[Casa] Eladio, Peñas Blancas, 10.31667°N 84.71667°W ± 2000 m, 03.iii.2008, J. Longino #6156, 800 m, Wet Forest, nest in soil.

Pheidole genalisBorgmeier, 1929BORGMEIER, T. 1929. Zur Kenntnis der brasilianischen Ameisen. EOS. Revista Española de Entomología, 5: 195-214.: 199. Syntypes: 1S 2W, [BRAZIL], M[inas] G[erais], Varginha, 10.iv.1927, T. Borgmeier [leg.], Coll. Borgm. #1474, [original publication says "erdnest" (nest in soil)]. Junior synonym of Pheidole oxyops Forel, 1908: 377 by Kempf, 1964KEMPF, W.W. 1964. Miscellaneous studies on Neotropical ants. III. Studia Entomologica, 7: 45-71.: 58.

Pheidole gibba var. lopesi Borgmeier, 1937BORGMEIER, T. 1937. Formigas novas ou pouco conhecidas da America do Sul e Central, principalmente do Brasil. Archivos do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, 3: 217-255.: 233. Syntypes: 6S 6W, [BRAZIL], DF[Rio de Janeiro], Rio de Janeiro, [Corcovado], viii.1935[1936], H.S. Lopes [leg., original publication says "em pão podre" (in rotten bread)], Coll. Borgm. #5764. One soldier only with petiole, postpetiole and gaster; one worker with disarticulated head. Junior synonym of Pheidole gibba Mayr, 1887MAYR, G. 1887. Südamerikanische Formiciden. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 37: 511-632.: 590 by Kempf, 1972KEMPF, W.W. 1972. A study of some Neotropical ants of genus Pheidole Westwood. I. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Studia Entomologica, 15: 449-464.: 455.

Pheidole guilelmimuelleri subsp. bucculenta Forel, 1908FOREL, A. 1908. Ameisen aus Sao Paulo (Brasilien), Paraguay etc. gesammelt von Prof. Herm. v. Ihering, Dr. Lutz, Dr. Fiebrig, etc. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 58: 340-418.: 379. Syntypes: 3S 6W, [BRAZIL], S[ão] P[aulo, Santo André], Alto da Serra[Paranapiacaba], 1906, [H.] Lüderwaldt [leg.], #5616. Raised to species by Wilson, 2003WILSON, E.O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, USA, ix + 794p.: 670.

Pheidole gymnocerasLongino, 2009LONGINO, J.T. 2009. Additions to the taxonomy of New World Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 2181: 1-90.: 34. Paratype: 1W, COSTA RICA, Heredía, 10 km NE[Northeast of] Vara Blanca, 10.23333°N 84.08333°W ± 2000 m, 09.ii.2005, J. Longino #5412, 1500 m, Cloud Forest.

Pheidole imparicepsSantschi, 1923bSANTSCHI, F. 1923b. Pheidole et quelques autres fourmis néotropiques. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, 63: 45-69.: 47. Syntypes: 4S 4W, [BRAZIL], S[ão] P[aulo], Ilha dos Alcatrazes, x.1920, [H.] Lüderwaldt [leg.], MP #20.195, Coll. Borgm. #2697. One soldier missing L2; one worker only with postpetiole and gaster. Junior synonym of Pheidole peregrina W.M. Wheeler, 1916b: 181 by Wilson, 2003WILSON, E.O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, USA, ix + 794p.: 214.

Pheidole incisa subsp. evoluta Borgmeier, 1929BORGMEIER, T. 1929. Zur Kenntnis der brasilianischen Ameisen. EOS. Revista Española de Entomología, 5: 195-214.: 204. Syntypes: 3S 3W, [BRAZIL], R[io Grande do] S[ul], Porto Alegre, Glória, 30.xi.1924, [P. Pio] Buck [S.J. leg.], #6, Coll. Borgm. #346. One soldier missing L2. Junior synonym of Pheidole susannae Forel, 1886FOREL, A. 1886. Espèces nouvelles de fourmis Américaines. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique. Comptes-rendus, 30(37): 49.: xliii[43] by Kempf, 1964KEMPF, W.W. 1964. Miscellaneous studies on Neotropical ants. III. Studia Entomologica, 7: 45-71.: 63. Comment: There is an antenna on the paper labeled as syntype.

Pheidole janzeniLongino, 2009LONGINO, J.T. 2009. Additions to the taxonomy of New World Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 2181: 1-90.: 40. Paratype: 1W, COSTA RICA, Guanacaste, Santa Rosa NP[National Park], Murcielago, 10.90092°N 85.72943°W ± 100,50 m, 27.ii.2008, J. Longino #6144.04, Tropical Dry Forest, at bait on ground.

Pheidole karolsetosaLongino, 2009LONGINO, J.T. 2009. Additions to the taxonomy of New World Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 2181: 1-90.: 44. Paratypes: 1S 1W, COSTA RICA, Prov[ince] Heredía, 11 km SE[Southeast of] La Virgen, 10°20'N 84°04'W, 18.iii.2003, 450-550 m, INBio-OET-ALAS transect, 05/WF/03/39. Soldier missing A1.

Pheidole lagunculinodaLongino, 2009LONGINO, J.T. 2009. Additions to the taxonomy of New World Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 2181: 1-90.: 48. Paratype: 1W, MEXICO, Chiapas, 8 km SE Salto de Agua, 17.51427°N 92.29486°W, 16.vi.2008, LLAMA #Ba-A-08-1-02-11, 70 m, 2º Wet Forest, at bait.

Pheidole leoncortesiLongino, 2009LONGINO, J.T. 2009. Additions to the taxonomy of New World Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 2181: 1-90.: 49. Paratypes: 1S 1W, MEXICO, Chiapas, 21 km SW[Soutwest of] Salto de Agua, 17.38542°N 92.42802°W ± 200 m, 15.vi.2008, LLAMA#Ba-A-08-3-01-03, 180 m, 2º Wet Forest, at bait.

Pheidole lutziForel, 1905FOREL, A. 1905. Miscellanea myrmécologiques II. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, 49: 155-185.: 168. Syntypes: 1S 2W, [BRAZIL], S[ão] P[aulo], S[erra da] Cantareira, H.[F.A.] V.[von] Jhering, MP #16766, Coll. Borgm. #2046, [original publication says "dans la cavité dês bambous" (in bamboo cavity)]. Senior synonym of Pheidole heinzi Forel, 1913FOREL, A. 1913. Fourmis d'Argentine, du Brésil, du Guatémala & de Cuba reçues de M.M. Bruch, Prof. v. Ihering, Mlle Baez, M. Peper et M. Rovereto. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles, 49: 203-250.: 225 by Wilson, 2003WILSON, E.O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, USA, ix + 794p.: 716.

Pheidole mesomontanaLongino, 2009LONGINO, J.T. 2009. Additions to the taxonomy of New World Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 2181: 1-90.: 54. Paratype: 1W, COSTA RICA, Heredía, 16 km SSE[South-southeast of] La Virgen, 10.26667°N 84.08333°W ± 2000 m, 20.ii.2001, ALAS 11/WF/01/all, 1100 [m], Montane Wet Forest, leaf litter.

Pheidole oxyops subsp. regia Forel, 1908FOREL, A. 1908. Ameisen aus Sao Paulo (Brasilien), Paraguay etc. gesammelt von Prof. Herm. v. Ihering, Dr. Lutz, Dr. Fiebrig, etc. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 58: 340-418.: 378. Syntypes: 2S 2W, [BRAZIL], S[ão] Paulo, Ipiranga, [H.] Lüderwaldt [leg.], MP #7349, Coll. Borgm. #2060. Junior synonym of Pheidole oxyops Forel, 1908FOREL, A. 1908. Ameisen aus Sao Paulo (Brasilien), Paraguay etc. gesammelt von Prof. Herm. v. Ihering, Dr. Lutz, Dr. Fiebrig, etc. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 58: 340-418.: 377 by Kempf, 1964KEMPF, W.W. 1964. Miscellaneous studies on Neotropical ants. III. Studia Entomologica, 7: 45-71.: 58.

Pheidole phanigasterLongino, 2009LONGINO, J.T. 2009. Additions to the taxonomy of New World Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 2181: 1-90.: 61. Paratypes: 1S 1W, MEXICO, Chiapas, 21 km SW[Southwest of] Salto de Agua, 17.38542°N 92.42802°W ± 200 m, 15.vi.2008, LLAMA #Ba-A-08-3-02-10, 180 m, 2º Wet Forest, at bait. Worker missing L2 tarsi.

Pheidole picobarvaLongino, 2009LONGINO, J.T. 2009. Additions to the taxonomy of New World Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 2181: 1-90.: 63. Paratype: 1W, COSTA RICA, Heredía, 6 km ENE[East-northeast of] Vara Blanca, 10.18333°N 84.11667°W ± 2000 m, 06.xi.2002, J. Longino #4838, 2000 m, Cloud Forest, nest in dead wood.

Pheidole pubiventris var. foederalis Borgmeier, 1928BORGMEIER, T. 1928. Einige neue Ameisen aus Brasilien. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 75: 32-39.: 34. Cotypes[Unidentifiable Taxon]: 2S 3W, BRAZIL, Rio de Janeiro, Itapagipe, 19.xi.1925, T. Borgmeier leg., Coll. Borgm. #484, in mango tree. Soldier missing L5, L6. Incertae sedis in Pheidole by Wilson, 2003WILSON, E.O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, USA, ix + 794p.: 779.

Pheidole punctithoraxBorgmeier, 1929BORGMEIER, T. 1929. Zur Kenntnis der brasilianischen Ameisen. EOS. Revista Española de Entomología, 5: 195-214.: 210. Cotypes[Syntypes]: 1S 2W, [BRAZIL, Rio de Janeiro], Petrópolis, 1918, T. Borgmeier [leg.], Coll. Borgm. #56. Soldier missing A1, A2; one worker missing L3; one worker missing L5.

Pheidole purpureaLongino, 2009LONGINO, J.T. 2009. Additions to the taxonomy of New World Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 2181: 1-90.: 67. Paratype: 1W, MEXICO, Chiapas, 21 km SW[Southwest of] Salto de Agua, 17.38542°N 92.42802°W ± 200 m, 15.vi.2008, LLAMA #Ba-A-08-3-01-10, 180 m, 2º Wet Forest, at bait.

Pheidole rataBorgmeier, 1929BORGMEIER, T. 1929. Zur Kenntnis der brasilianischen Ameisen. EOS. Revista Española de Entomología, 5: 195-214.: 206. Cotype[Lectotype]: 1S, Cotypes[Paralectotypes]: 2S 8W, [BRAZIL, Rio de Janeiro], Petrópolis, [1918], T. Borgmeier [leg.], nº 63, unter baumrinde. Paralectotype: one worker missing head; one worker only with postpetiole and gaster. Junior synonym of Pheidole schmalzi Emery, 1894EMERY, C. 1894. Studi sulle formiche della fauna Neotropica. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana, 26: 137-241.: 161 by Wilson, 2003WILSON, E.O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, USA, ix + 794p.: 504.

Pheidole rhinomontanaLongino, 2009LONGINO, J.T. 2009. Additions to the taxonomy of New World Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 2181: 1-90.: 71. Paratypes: 1S 1W, COSTA RICA, Alajuela, Peñas Blancas Valley, 10.302°N 84.706°W ± 2000 m, 05.vii.1984, J. Longino #5jul84/0854, 940 m, Wet Forest, nest in soft rotten stump.

Pheidole rufipilisForel, 1908FOREL, A. 1908. Ameisen aus Sao Paulo (Brasilien), Paraguay etc. gesammelt von Prof. Herm. v. Ihering, Dr. Lutz, Dr. Fiebrig, etc. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 58: 340-418.: 371. Syntypes: 3S 4W, [BRAZIL, São Paulo] Ipiranga, [H.] Lüderwaldt [leg.], #5583. One worker only with postpetiole and gaster; one soldier lost. Senior synonym of Pheidole rufipilis var. divexa Forel, 1908FOREL, A. 1908. Ameisen aus Sao Paulo (Brasilien), Paraguay etc. gesammelt von Prof. Herm. v. Ihering, Dr. Lutz, Dr. Fiebrig, etc. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 58: 340-418.: 372 and Pheidole impia Santschi, 1923bSANTSCHI, F. 1923b. Pheidole et quelques autres fourmis néotropiques. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, 63: 45-69.: 46 by Wilson, 2003WILSON, E.O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, USA, ix + 794p.: 226.

Pheidole rufipilis var. divexa Forel, 1908FOREL, A. 1908. Ameisen aus Sao Paulo (Brasilien), Paraguay etc. gesammelt von Prof. Herm. v. Ihering, Dr. Lutz, Dr. Fiebrig, etc. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 58: 340-418.: 372. Syntypes: 1M 1S, BRAZIL, S[ão] P[aulo], Campos do Jordão, 1906, [H.] Lüderwaldt [leg.], MP #2409, Coll. Borgm. #2063. Soldier missing L1. Junior synonym of Pheidole rufipilis Forel, 1908FOREL, A. 1908. Ameisen aus Sao Paulo (Brasilien), Paraguay etc. gesammelt von Prof. Herm. v. Ihering, Dr. Lutz, Dr. Fiebrig, etc. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 58: 340-418.: 371 by Wilson, 2003WILSON, E.O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, USA, ix + 794p.: 226.

Pheidole rufipilis var. laevinota Forel, 1908FOREL, A. 1908. Ameisen aus Sao Paulo (Brasilien), Paraguay etc. gesammelt von Prof. Herm. v. Ihering, Dr. Lutz, Dr. Fiebrig, etc. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 58: 340-418.: 371. Syntypes: 1W, [BRAZIL] R[io de] J[aneiro], Campo do Itatiaia, v.1906, [H.] Lüderwaldt [leg.], MP #2617. 4S, [BRAZIL] R[io de] J[aneiro], Campo do Itatiaia, v.1906, [H.] Lüderwaldt [leg.], MP #2618. 1W 2S, [BRAZIL] R[io de] J[aneiro], Campo do Itatiaia, 12.iv.1906, H.] Lüderwaldt [leg.], MP #2694. One worker with disarticulated postpetiole and gaster. 2W 1S, [BRAZIL] R[io de] J[aneiro], Campo do Itatiaia, 12.iv.1906, [H.] Lüderwaldt [leg.], MP #2690. Raised to species by Wilson, 2003WILSON, E.O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, USA, ix + 794p.: 200.

Pheidole schwarzmaieriBorgmeier, 1939BORGMEIER, T. 1939. Nova contribuição para o conhecimento das formigas neotropicas (Hym. Formicidae). Revista de Entomologia, 10: 403-428.: 420. Lectotype: 1S, Syntypes[Paralectotypes]: 5S 6W, [BRAZIL], Go[ías], Campinas, xii.1933, Schwarzmaier [leg.], Coll. Borgm. #5560.

Pheidole sensitivaBorgmeier, 1959BORGMEIER, T. 1959. Myrmecologische Studien. II. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 31: 309-319.: 316. Typus[Holotype]: 1S, Cotypes[Paratypes]: 15W, [BRAZIL], Rio de Jan[eiro, Jacarepaguá], Taquara, [1954], T. Borgmeier [leg.]. Paratype: one worker missing A1.

Pheidole synanthropicaLongino, 2009LONGINO, J.T. 2009. Additions to the taxonomy of New World Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 2181: 1-90.: 80. Paratype: 1W, COSTA RICA, Guanacaste, Santa Rosa N.P.[National Park], 10.85000°N 85.61667°W ± 2000 m, 15.vii.1985, J. Longino #0511, 300 m, Moist Forest, at tuna bait.

Pheidole tetricaForel, 1913FOREL, A. 1913. Fourmis d'Argentine, du Brésil, du Guatémala & de Cuba reçues de M.M. Bruch, Prof. v. Ihering, Mlle Baez, M. Peper et M. Rovereto. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles, 49: 203-250.: 226. Syntypes: 3G 5S 5W, [BRAZIL], S[anta] C[atarina], Hamônia[Ibirama, H.] Lüderwaldt [leg.], MP #15.490, Coll. Borgm. #2041. One dealated gyne.

Pheidole tijucanaBorgmeier, 1927BORGMEIER, T. 1927. Algumas novas formigas brasileiras. Archivos do Museu Nacional, 29: 57-65.: 59. Syntypes: 7S 6W, [BRAZIL], DF [Rio de Janeiro], Rio de Jan[eiro], 22.vi.1926, T. Borgmeier [leg.], Coll. Borgm. #755.

Pheidole transversostriata subsp. gibbata Borgmeier, 1934BORGMEIER, T. 1934. Contribuição para o conhecimento da fauna mirmecológica dos cafezais de Paramaribo, Guiana Holandesa (Hym. Formicidae). Archivos do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, 1: 93-111.: 101. Cotypes[Paratypes]: 1S 1W, [SURINAME], Paramaribo, [G.H.] Bünzli [leg., in Acropyga-Rhizoecus Arealen vorkommend]. Raised to species by Wilson, 2003WILSON, E.O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, USA, ix + 794p.: 636.

Pheidole vafraSantschi, 1923bSANTSCHI, F. 1923b. Pheidole et quelques autres fourmis néotropiques. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, 63: 45-69.: 51. Syntype: 1W, BRÉSIL[BRAZIL, Santa Catarina], Blumenau, [A. Reichensperger leg.], #3855. Senior synonymy of Pheidole idiota Santschi, 1923bSANTSCHI, F. 1923b. Pheidole et quelques autres fourmis néotropiques. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, 63: 45-69.: 53 by Wilson, 2003WILSON, E.O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, USA, ix + 794p.: 244.

Pheidole wolfringi st. durionei Santschi, 1923bSANTSCHI, F. 1923b. Pheidole et quelques autres fourmis néotropiques. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, 63: 45-69.: 51. Syntype: 1W, ARG[ENTINA], Córdoba, Tanti Viejo, [J.] Durione [leg.]. Raised to species by Wilson, 2003WILSON, E.O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, USA, ix + 794p.: 288. Comment: (1) The MZSP ant collection has three specimens (1M 1S 1W) from BRAZIL, São Paulo, Santo André, Alto da Serra[Paranapiacaba], 1907, H. Lüderwaldt leg., MP #10.539, Coll. Borgm. #2044, labeled as syntypes of Pheidole guilelmimuelleri subsp. heyeri var. injuncta Forel, 1911FOREL, A. 1911. Ameisen des Herrn Prof. v. Ihering aus Brasilien (Sao Paulo usw.) nebst einigen anderen aus Südamerika und Afrika (Hym.). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, 1911: 285-312.: 302. However, we do not consider them as types since (Bolton 1995BOLTON, B. 1995. A new general catalogue of the Ants of the World. Cambridge, Harvard University Press. 504p.: 323) registered this as unavailable name. (2) The collection also have three specimens (1S 2W) from BRAZIL, São Paulo, Campo Limpo, 20.ii.1966, W.W. Kempf leg., Coll. Kempf #4383, 26, 26 pr., labeled as syntypes of Pheidole descolei Kusnezov, 1952bKUSNEZOV, N. 1952b[1951]. El género Pheidole en la Argentina (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Acta Zoologica Lilloana, 12: 5-88.: 76 by E.O. Wilson. This author also says that the types of P. descolei are deposited in MZSP (Wilson, 2003WILSON, E.O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, USA, ix + 794p.), but according to the original publication (Kusnezov, 1952bKUSNEZOV, N. 1952b[1951]. El género Pheidole en la Argentina (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Acta Zoologica Lilloana, 12: 5-88.) the type locality is Salta, Argentina. Thus we do not consider these specimens as types.

Tribe Stegomyrmecini

Genus Stegomyrmex Emery, 1912: 99

Stegomyrmex bensoniFeitosa, Brandão & Diniz, 2008FEITOSA, R.M.; BRANDÃO, C.R.F.& DINIZ, J.L.M. 2008. Revisionary studies on the enigmatic Neotropical ant genus Stegomyrmex Emery, 1912, with the description of two new species. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 17: 64-82.: 69. Holotype: 1W, BRASIL, PA[Pará], Canaã dos Carajás, [06°44'49"S 50°21'05"W], 22-28.ii.2005, [R.] Andrade & Arnoni cols., gruta NV06. Missing A2.

Stegomyrmex olindaeFeitosa, Brandão & Diniz, 2008FEITOSA, R.M.; BRANDÃO, C.R.F.& DINIZ, J.L.M. 2008. Revisionary studies on the enigmatic Neotropical ant genus Stegomyrmex Emery, 1912, with the description of two new species. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 17: 64-82.: 71. Holotype: 1W, BRASIL, TO[Tocantins], Palmeiras do Tocantins, 06°40'12.1"S 47°31'48.6"W, 14-19.i.2005, R.R. Silva & R. Silvestre cols., Winker. Paratypes: 2W, BR[BRAZIL], TO[Tocantins], Palmeirante, 07°52'25.3"S 47°57'07.4"W[47°31'48"W], 10-15.xii.2001, [N.L.] Albuquerque & [R.R.] Silva cols., Mata Ciliar/Cerradão, Winker. One worker missing A1 funiculus. 1W, BRASIL, TO[Tocantins], Araguacema, 08°59'20"S 49°40'41"W, 16-30.xi.2005, R.R. Silva & R.M. Feitosa cols., Mata Semi-decídua I, Winker. 1W, BRASIL, MT[Mato Grosso], Sto[Santo] Antônio de Leverger, Águas Quentes, 26Oct1984[26.x.1984], J.C. Trager [leg.], #n0184, Cerrado Alto, under rotten board. 1W, [BRAZIL], MG[Minas Gerais], TM3-8/PERD[Timóteo, Parque Estadual do Rio Doce], 07.v.[20]05, F.A. Esteves col. 1W, BRASIL, MA[Maranhão], Açailândia, Horto Faz[enda] Pompéia, 04°52'30"S 47°17'40"W, 13-22.ii.2006, R.R. Silva & R.M. Feitosa cols. 1G 2W, BRASIL, MA[Maranhão], Estreito, Fazenda Itaueiras, 06°31'54.4"S 47°22'16"W, 07-13.i.2005, R.R. Silva & R. Silvestre cols., Winkler. Dealate gyne; one worker coated with gold; one missing L4 femur to tarsi. 1W, BRASIL, BA[Bahia], Porto Seguro, E.E.[Ecological Station] Pau Brasil, 16°23'33"S 39°10'99"W, 16.vi.2000, J.R.M. Santos & J.C. Soares cols., Winkler. Missing L3 tarsi. 1W, BRASIL, BA[Bahia], Ilhéus, km 22 Ilhéus-Itabuna [Road], CEPEC[Centro de Pesquisas do Cacau], área Zoolog[ia], x.[19]86, J.[H.C.] Delabie leg. Comment: The MZSP collection houses one worker from Rio Tiririca [BRAZIL, TO/Tocantins, Araguacema, Rio Tiririca, 08°56'08"S 49°34'25"W, 16-30.xi.2005, R.R. Silva & R.M. Feitosa cols., Mata Ciliar, Winker] labeled as paratype, but we do not consider it as type because this specimen is not listed on the original publication.

Stegomyrmex vizzotoiDiniz, 1990DINIZ, J.L.M. 1990. Revisão sistemática da tribo Stegomyrmicini (sic), com a descrição de uma nova espécie (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 34: 277-296.: 290. Holotype: 1W, [BRAZIL], SP[São Paulo], Mirassol, [20°50'S 49°30'W], R.D. Pedro II, #n728, J.L.M. Diniz [leg.], 10.x.1971, W.W.K.[Coll. Kempf] #11.029, [JLMD nº ]361, ninho em solo. Paratypes: 1W, [BRAZIL], SP[São Paulo], Mirassol, [20°50'S 49°30'W], R.D. Pedro II, #n728, J.L.M. Diniz [leg.], 10.x.1971, sob lata, [JLMD nº ]361, ninho em solo. Missing L1 femur to tarsi. 1G, [BRAZIL], SP[São Paulo], Mirassol, Residência, [20°50'S 49°30'W], 13.ii.1973, J.L.M. Diniz [leg.], [JLMD nº ]544, [MZSP nº ]10.924. Dealated gyne. 1W, [BRAZIL], SP[São Paulo], Mun[icípio] Anhembi, Faz[enda] Barreiro Rico, [22°50'S 48°08'W], ii.1964, E. Dante col., [MZSP nº ]3470, em estômago de Conopophaga lineata (Wied., 1831) [Bird, Formicariidae]. L6 femur and tibia glued on the triangle, missing L6 tarsi. 1W, [BRAZIL], PR[Paraná], Rio Azul, [25°42'S 50°49'W], x.1959, F. Plaumann [leg., MZSP nº ]3147, 1000 m. Missing A1, L2 and L3 both femur to tarsi glued on the triangle.

Tribe Stenammini

Genus Lachnomyrmex W.M. Wheeler, 1910WHEELER, W.M. 1910. Three new genera of myrmicine ants from tropical America. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 28: 259-265.: 263

Lachnomyrmex amazonicusFeitosa & Brandão, 2008FEITOSA, R.M. & BRANDÃO, C.R.F. 2008. A taxonomic revision of the Neotropical myrmicine ant genus Lachnomyrmex Wheeler (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 1890: 1-49.: 11. Holotype: 1W, BRASIL, PA[Pará], Paraupebas, Fl[oresta] Nac[ional de] Carajás, Garagem, 06°02'54"S 50°04'55"W, 25.iv-02.v.2008, Rogério R. Silva col., Winkler. Paratypes: 3G 4W, BRASIL, PA[Pará], Paraupebas, Fl[oresta] Nac[ional] Carajás, Garagem, 06°02'54"S 50°04'55"W, 25.iv-02.v.2008, Rogério R. Silva col., Winkler. Dealated gynes. 1W, BRASIL, PA[Pará], Paraupebas, Fl[oresta] Nac[ional] Carajás, Casa Hóspedes, 06°03'41"S 50°03'13"W, 25.iv-02.v.2008, Rogério R. Silva col., Winkler. 1W, BRASIL, PA[Pará], Paraupebas, Fl[oresta] Nac[ional] Carajás, Núcleo Urbano, 06°03'53"S 50°03'42"W, 25.iv-02.v.2008, Rogério R. Silva col., Winkler. 1W, BRASIL, PA[Pará], Paraupebas, Fl[oresta] Nac[ional] Carajás, Zoobotânico, 06°03'41"S 50°03'13"W, 25.iv-02.v.2008, Rogério R. Silva col., Winkler. Missing L5 tibia and tarsi. 1W, BRAZIL, Amazonas, Manaus, VIC, iii-iv.1994, R. Didham [leg.]. 1W, BRASIL, PA[Pará], Melgaço, Caxiuanã, ECFPn IV (Transecto 10 00), 01°45'19.98"S 51°31'20.66"W, 23-25.i.2004, A.Y. Harada, E.P. Fagundes, P. Batra, R. Calisto & Mó cols,

Lachnomyrmex fernandeziFeitosa & Brandão, 2008FEITOSA, R.M. & BRANDÃO, C.R.F. 2008. A taxonomic revision of the Neotropical myrmicine ant genus Lachnomyrmex Wheeler (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 1890: 1-49.: 13. Paratypes: 1W, COLOMBIA, Santander, Mpio[Municipio] Socorro, Vda. Alto Chochos, Fca[Farm] El Laurel, 1630 m, 06°28'37.1"N 73°13'33.4"W, Rastrojo alto Winkler, 23.iii.2004, G. Zabala [leg.], IAVH 25404. Worker coated with gold. 1W, COLOMBIA, Tolima Boquerón, 09.ix.[19]96, E. Palacio [leg.], IAVH-E 72099, 440 m.

Lachnomyrmex laticepsFeitosa & Brandão, 2008FEITOSA, R.M. & BRANDÃO, C.R.F. 2008. A taxonomic revision of the Neotropical myrmicine ant genus Lachnomyrmex Wheeler (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 1890: 1-49.: 19. Paratypes: 1W, COSTA RICA, Alajuela, Peñas Blancas, Refugio Eladio, 10°19'N 84°43'W, 7Mar2006[07.iii.2006], J. Longino, #5670, 800 m. 1W, COSTA RICA, Prov[incia] Heredia, 13 km NE[Northeast of] Vara Blanca, 10°16'N 84°05'W, 15Febrero2001[15.ii.2001, R. Vargas leg.], 1150-1250 m, INBio-OET-ALAS transect, 01-RVC-010 transect. Worker coated with gold, missing A2 segments 4º to 10º of funiculus, L6 tibia and tarsi.

Lachnomyrmex longinoiFeitosa & Brandão, 2008FEITOSA, R.M. & BRANDÃO, C.R.F. 2008. A taxonomic revision of the Neotropical myrmicine ant genus Lachnomyrmex Wheeler (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 1890: 1-49.: 25. Paratypes: 1W, COSTA RICA, Prov[incia] Guana[caste], Est[Filed Station] Pitilla, 9 km S[outh of] Sta[Santa] Cecilia, 6-18Ago1993[06-18.viii.1993], P. Ríos [leg.], L N 330200_380200, #2321, 700 m. 1G 1W, COSTA RICA, Punt[arenas, Península] Osa, Aenn. Fund. NeoTrop., 08°43'30"N 83°31'30"W, 23.iv.[19]97, R. Anderson [leg.], #18687, Ridge forest litter. Dealated gyne. 1W, COSTA RICA, [Alajuela, Río] San Lorencito, 1990, P. Hammond [leg.]. Worker coated with gold.

Lachnomyrmex nordestinusFeitosa & Brandão, 2008FEITOSA, R.M. & BRANDÃO, C.R.F. 2008. A taxonomic revision of the Neotropical myrmicine ant genus Lachnomyrmex Wheeler (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 1890: 1-49.: 29. Holotype: 1W, BRASIL, PB[Paraíba], João Pessoa, Mata do Buraquinho, 07°08'24"S 34°51'33.2"W, 25.vii-02.viii.2002, R.R. Silva & F. Eberhardt cols., Winkler. Paratypes: 1W, BRASIL, PB[Paraíba], João Pessoa, Mata do Buraquinho, 07°08'24"S 34°51'33.2"W, 25.vii-02.viii.2002, R.R. Silva & F. Eberhardt cols., Winkler. 1W, BR[BRAZIL], Ceará, Maranguape, viii.2003, Y. Quinet [leg.], ± 875 m. Worker coated with gold, missing L2 and L6 both 2º to 5º tarsus, L3 3º to 5º tarsus. 1G, BRASIL, PE[Pernambuco], Jaqueira, Usina Colônia, Mata do Espelho, 30.vii.2003, A. Bieber & I. Leal [leg.]. Dealated gyne. 1G 7W, BRASIL, PE[Pernambuco], Recife, Horto Dois Irmãos, 08°00'32"S 34°56'40"W, 15-24.vii.2002, R.R. Silva &F. Eberhardt cols., Winkler. Dealated gyne. 2G 6W, BRASIL, SE[Sergipe], Areia Branca, E.E.[Parque Nacional] da Serra de Itabaiana, 10°45'54"S 37°19'57.4"W, 19-25.v.2003, R.R. Silva, B.H. Dietz & L.S. Ferreira cols., Winkler. Dealated gynes, one worker with disarticulated head glued on the triangle.

Lachnomyrmex plaumanniBorgmeier, 1957BORGMEIER, T. 1957. Myrmecologische Studien I. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 29: 103-128.: 125. Cotype[Lectotype]: 1W, BRASILIEN[BRAZIL, Santa Catarina], Nova Teutônia, 27°11'B 52°23'L, iv.1964, Fritz Plaumann [leg.], 300-500 m. Cotypes[Paralectotypes]: 1W, BRASILIEN[BRAZIL, Santa Catarina], Nova Teutônia, 27°11'B 52°23'L, iv.1954, Fritz Plaumann [leg.], 300-500 m. Missing head. 1W, BRASILIEN[BRAZIL, Santa Catarina], Nova Teutônia, 27°11'B 52°23'L, xi.1954, Fritz Plaumann [leg.], 300-500 m. Disarticulated head, A2 and part of three legs glued on the triangle, missing three legs. 1G 1W, BRASILIEN[BRAZIL, Santa Catarina], Nova Teutônia, 27°11'B 52°23'L, iv.1951, Fritz Plaumann [leg.], 300-500 m. Dealated gyne, worker without head. 1G 2W, [BRAZIL, Rio de Janeiro], Itatiaya[Parque Nacional Itatiaia], i.[19]56, [R.] Barth [leg.]. Dealated gyne.

Lachnomyrmex regularisFeitosa & Brandão, 2008FEITOSA, R.M. & BRANDÃO, C.R.F. 2008. A taxonomic revision of the Neotropical myrmicine ant genus Lachnomyrmex Wheeler (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 1890: 1-49.: 38. Paratypes: 2W, COSTA RICA, Prov[incia] Guana[caste], Est[Field Station] Pitilla, 9 km S[outh of] Sta[Santa] Cecilia, 6-19Set1993[06-19.ix.1993], P. Ríos [leg.], L N 330200_380200, #2345, #8-Rios 93, 700 m. One worker coated with gold, missing L6 3º to 5º tarsus; one worker with postpetiole and gaster glued on the triangle, missing L2 tibia and tarsi, L6 2º to 5º tarsus.

Lachnomyrmex victoriFeitosa & Brandão, 2008FEITOSA, R.M. & BRANDÃO, C.R.F. 2008. A taxonomic revision of the Neotropical myrmicine ant genus Lachnomyrmex Wheeler (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 1890: 1-49.: 43. Holotype: 1W, BRASIL, SC[Santa Catarina], São Bonifácio, P[arque] E[stadual] Serra do Tabuleiro, 27°49'06"S 48°54'41"W, 08-13.iii.2004, R.R. Silva, B.H. Dietz & N. Albuquerque cols., Winkler. Paratypes: 1G 2W, BRASIL, SC[Santa Catarina], São Bonifácio, P[arque] E[stadual] Serra do Tabuleiro, 27°49'06"S 48°54'41"W, 08-13.iii.2004, R.R. Silva, B.H. Dietz & N. Albuquerque cols., Winkler. Dealated gyne, one worker coated with gold, missing A1, A2, L2 femur to tarsi, L3 coxa to tarsi. 4W, BRASIL, SC[Santa Catarina], Blumenau, P[arque] E[stadual das] Nascentes, 27°06'15"S 49°09'14"W, 20-27.x.2000, R.R. Silva & F. Eberhardt cols., Winkler. 1G 6W, BR[BRAZIL], PR[Paraná], Tunas, Parque das Lauráceas, 24°51'16"S 48°43'00.4"W, 21-29.ii.2001, [R.R]. Silva & [F.] Eberhardt cols., Winkler. Dealated gyne, one worker without head. 1G 2W, BRASIL, SP[São Paulo], Salesópolis, E[stação] E[cológica] B[oracéia], 11-17.iv.1997, B.H. Dietz & C.I. Yamamoto cols., Winkler. Dealated gyne, one worker missing L6 tibia and tarsi. 1W, BRASIL, SP[São Paulo], Salesópolis, E[stação] E[cológica] B[oracéia], 20-26.x.1997, B.H. Dietz & C.I. Yamamoto cols., Winkler. 2W, BRASIL, ES[Espírito Santo], Santa Teresa, Estação Biológica Santa Lucia, 19°58'09"S 40°32'15"W, 20-24.i.2002, J.H. Schoereder & C.R. Ribas cols. One worker missing L2 femur to tarsi, L3 2º to 5º tarsus.

Genus Rogeria Emery, 1894EMERY, C. 1894. Studi sulle formiche della fauna Neotropica. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana, 26: 137-241.: 188

Rogeria carinataKugler, 1994KUGLER, C. 1994. Revision of the ant genus Rogeria with descriptions of the sting apparatus. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 3: 17-89.: 56. Paratype: 1W, PUERTO RICO, Humacao, Caño[Cayo] L. Peña, 9Oct82[09.x.1982], J.A. Torres, #91, gift from LACM.

Rogeria ciliosaKugler, 1994KUGLER, C. 1994. Revision of the ant genus Rogeria with descriptions of the sting apparatus. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 3: 17-89.: 31. Paratype: 1W, VZLA[VENEZUELA], Bolívar, Campamento Rio Grande, 08°07'N 61°42'W, 14.viii.1986, P.S. Ward [leg.], #8572-12, 250 m, Rainforest, sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood).

Rogeria cornutaKugler, 1994KUGLER, C. 1994. Revision of the ant genus Rogeria with descriptions of the sting apparatus. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 3: 17-89.: 65. Holotype: 1W, BRIT. HONDURAS[BELIZE], 2.5 mi[les] S[outh of] Belmopan, 04.viii.1972, S. [Peck] & J. Peck [leg.], #242.

Irogera foveataKempf, 1964KEMPF, W.W. 1964. Miscellaneous studies on Neotropical ants. III. Studia Entomologica, 7: 45-71.: 64. Holotype: 1W, BRASIL, Amazonas, Manaus, viii.1962, K. Lenko col., [DZSP] #2889. Paratype: 1W, [BRAZIL], AM[Amazonas], Manaus, viii.1962, K. Lenko col., [DZSP] #2889, [Coll. Kempf]. Junior synonym of Rogeria blanda F. Smith, 1858SMITH, F. 1858. Catalogue of Hymenopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum 6. Formicidae. London. 216p.: 131 by Kempf, 1965KEMPF, W.W. 1965. Nota preliminar sôbre algumas formigas neotropicas, descritas por Frederick Smith. Revista Brasileira de Biologia, 25: 181-186.: 185.

Rogeria gibbaKugler, 1994KUGLER, C. 1994. Revision of the ant genus Rogeria with descriptions of the sting apparatus. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 3: 17-89.: 32. Paratype: 1W, ECUADOR, Prov[incia] Pichincha, 4 km E[ast of] Santo Domingo de los Colorados, 08.vii.1976, S. [Peck] & J. Peck [leg.].

Rogeria innotabilisKugler, 1994KUGLER, C. 1994. Revision of the ant genus Rogeria with descriptions of the sting apparatus. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 3: 17-89.: 51. Paratype: 1W, MEXICO, Chiapas, 12 mi[les] NW[Northwest of] Ocozocoautla, 04-05.ix.1973, [forest leaf litter, A. Newton leg.], 3200ft[feet].

Rogeria lacertosaKempf, 1963KEMPF, W.W. 1963. Additions to the Neotropical ant genus Rogeria Emery, with a key to the hitherto recorded South American species. Revista Brasileira de Biologia, 23: 189-196.: 194. Holotype: 1W, [BRAZIL], RS[Rio Grande do Sul], Sinimbu, ix.1960, F. Plaumann [leg., Coll. Kempf] #3589, 200 m. Paratypes: 4W, [BRAZIL], RS[Rio Grande do Sul], Sinimbu, ix.1960, F. Plaumann [leg., Coll. Kempf] #3589, 200 m. One worker with disarticulated head glued on the paper triangle, missing L1 last tarsus, L2 2º to 5º tarsus; one worker with disarticulated A1 glued on the triangle. 2W, [BRAZIL], RS[Rio Grande do Sul], Pardinho, ix.1960, F. Plaumann [leg., Coll. Kempf] #3644, 100 m.

Rogeria leptonanaKugler, 1994KUGLER, C. 1994. Revision of the ant genus Rogeria with descriptions of the sting apparatus. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 3: 17-89.: 58. Paratype: 1W, PANAMA, Barro Colorado I[sland], C[anal] Z[one, 14 or 27.ii.1976], A. Newton [leg.], leaf litter, forest floor.

Rogeria lirataKugler, 1994KUGLER, C. 1994. Revision of the ant genus Rogeria with descriptions of the sting apparatus. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 3: 17-89.: 43. Paratype: 1W, TRINIDAD, B.W.I., N.A. Weber [leg.], #191.

Rogeria merenbergianaKugler, 1994KUGLER, C. 1994. Revision of the ant genus Rogeria with descriptions of the sting apparatus. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 3: 17-89.: 46. Paratype: 1W, COLOMBIA, 12 km W[est of] Belén, Huila, Finca Merenberg, 09-13.i.[19]78, [C.] Kugler & [J.] Hahn [leg.], 2300 m, rotten log in pasture.

Rogeria micrommaKempf, 1961aKEMPF, W.W. 1961a. A survey of the ants of the soil fauna in Surinam. Studia Entomologica, 4: 481-524.: 509. Holotype: 1W, SURINAM, Dirkshoop, v.1959, 27-IIIcd-19, I[J.] v[an] d[er] Drift col., [soil sample from primary forest]. Paratype: 1W, SURINAM, La Poulle, viii.1959, 18-XIVcd-24, I[J.] v[an] d[er] Drift col. Missing L6 tarsi.

Rogeria pellectaKempf, 1963KEMPF, W.W. 1963. Additions to the Neotropical ant genus Rogeria Emery, with a key to the hitherto recorded South American species. Revista Brasileira de Biologia, 23: 189-196.: 191. Holotype: 1W, BRASILIEN[BRAZIL, Santa Catarina], Nova Teutônia, 27°11B 52°23L, v.1960, Fritz Plaumann [leg.], 300-500 m. Missing L5 trochanter to tarsi. Paratypes: 1W, [BRAZIL], SC[Santa Catarina], Ibicaré, vii.1959, F. Plaumann [leg., Coll. Kempf] #3132. 1W, [BRAZIL], SC [Santa Catarina], Seara, viii.1958, [F.] Plaumann [leg., Coll. Kempf] #2745. 7W, BRASILIEN[BRAZIL, Santa Catarina], Nova Teutônia, 27°11B 52°23L, vii.1959, Fritz Plaumann [leg.], 300-500 m. One worker missing L1 last tarsus, L4 tibia and tarsi; one worker with disarticulated head glued on the triangle, missing L6 tibia and tarsi, final segments of the gaster. 2W, BRASILIEN[BRAZIL, Santa Catarina], Nova Teutônia, 27°11B 52°23L, vi.1960, Fritz Plaumann [leg.], 300-500 m. One worker with disarticulated head glued on the triangle, A1 missing last segments of the funiculus. 3W, BRASILIEN[BRAZIL, Santa Catarina], Nova Teutônia, 27°11B 52°23L, vi.1960, Fritz Plaumann [leg.], 300-500 m. One worker missing L2 3º to 5º tarsus. 3W, BRASILIEN[BRAZIL, Santa Catarina], Nova Teutônia, 27°11B 52°23L, Fritz Plaumann [leg.], 300-500 m.

Rogeria scobinataKugler, 1994KUGLER, C. 1994. Revision of the ant genus Rogeria with descriptions of the sting apparatus. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 3: 17-89.: 54. Paratype: 1G, PERU, [Madre de Dios Departamento], 3 km N[orth of] Pto[Puerto] Maldonado, 13-16.vi.[19]81, C. Kugler & R.R. Lambert [leg.], 260 m, 1º[Primary] For[rest], remnant, by [the] road, Berl[ese-Tullgren funnels], lf[leaf] lit[ter] & rot[ten] wood. Dealate gyne.

Rogeria sicariaKempf, 1962KEMPF, W.W. 1962. Miscellaneous studies on Neotropical ants. II. Studia Entomologica, 5: 1-38.: 22. Holotype: 1W, [BRAZIL], SP[São Paulo], Agudos, 19.xi.1955, W.[W.] Kempf [leg.], Berlese[-Tullgren funnels, dry leaf from second growth forest floor cover].

Irogera subarmataKempf, 1961bKEMPF, W.W. 1961b. Remarks on the ant genus Irogera Emery, with the description of a new species. Revista Brasileira de Biologia, 21: 435-441.: 438. Holotype: 1W, [BRAZIL], GB[Rio de Janeiro], Deodoro, v.1936, Dr. A. Ronna [leg.], em estômago de Tamandua tetradactyla L. Paratypes: 17W, [BRAZIL], DF[Rio de Janeiro], Deodoro, v.1936, Dr. A. Ronna [leg.], em estômago de Tamandua tetradactylus [tetradactyla L.]. One worker missing L1 tarsi, L3 3º to 5º tarsus; one worker missing A2 last segment of funiculus; one worker missing L5 2º to 5º tarsus, L6 last tarsus; one worker missing A1 last segment of funiculus, L3 tarsi; one worker missing A1, A2, L2, L3, L5, L6 all femur to tarsi; one worker missing A1, A2, L2, L3, L4, L5, L6 all femur to tarsi; one worker missing the last five segments of A2 funiculus; one worker missing A1 funiculus, A2, L1 and L3 both 2º to 5º tarsus, L6 tibia and tarsi. 9W, [BRAZIL], GB[Rio de Janeiro], Deodoro, v.1926, Dr. E[A.] Ronna col., em estômago de Tamandua tetradactyla L. One worker with disarticulated postpetiole and gaster glued on the triangle; missing L5 tarsi; one worker missing A1 funiculus, L4 tarsi, L6 2º to 5º tarsus, with disarticulated postpetiole and gaster glued on the triangle; one worker missing L4 tarsi; one worker with disarticulated postpetiole and gaster glued on the triangle; one worker missing A1, A2, L3, L5, L6 all femur to tarsi; one worker missing A1 and A2 funiculus, L2 2º to 5º tarsus, L3 femur to tarsi, L4 3º to 5º tarsus, L5 tarsi, L6 4º and 5º tarsus. Combination in Rogeria by Kempf, 1965KEMPF, W.W. 1965. Nota preliminar sôbre algumas formigas neotropicas, descritas por Frederick Smith. Revista Brasileira de Biologia, 25: 181-186.: 185.

Genus Stenamma Westwood, 1839WESTWOOD, J.O. 1839. An Introduction to the Modern Classification of Insects; founded on the natural habits and corresponding organization of the different families. London, Longman. v. 2.: 219

Stenamma expolitum M.R. Smith, 1962SMITH, M.R. 1962. A remarkable new Stenamma from Costa Rica, with pertinent facts on other Mexican and Central American species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 70: 33-38.: 36. Paratypes: 2W, COSTA RICA, Santa Clara Prov[ince], Colombiana Farm, iii-iv.1924, W.M. Mann col., #USMN 65967. One worker missing A1; one worker missing A1 4º to 11º segment of funiculus, L1 femur to tarsi.

Tribe Tetramoriini

Genus Tetramorium Mayr, 1855MAYR, G. 1855. Formicina austriaca. Beschreibung der bisher im Österreichischen Kaiserstaate aufgefundenen Ameisen nebst Hinzufügung jener in Deutschland, in der Schweiz und in Italien vorkommenden Ameisen. Verhandlungen des Zoologisch-Botanischen Vereins in Wien, 5: 273-478.: 423

Wasmannia auropunctata brevispinosaBorgmeier, 1928BORGMEIER, T. 1928. Einige neue Ameisen aus Brasilien. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 75: 32-39.: 36. Syntypes: 3W, [BRAZIL], RJ[Rio de Janeiro], Cabo Frio, viii.1926. T. Borgmeier [leg.], Coll. Borgm. #1125. Junior synonym of Tetramorium simillimum (F. Smith, 1851SMITH, F. 1851. List of the Specimens of British Animals in the Collection of the British Museum 6. Hymenoptera Aculeata. London. 134p.: 118) by Borgmeier, 1937BORGMEIER, T. 1937. Formigas novas ou pouco conhecidas da America do Sul e Central, principalmente do Brasil. Archivos do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, 3: 217-255.: 241.

Tetramorium azcatltontliumMarques, Vásquez-Bolaños & Quesada, 2011MARQUES, T.; VÁSQUEZ-BOLAÑOS M. & QUESADA, M. 2011. A new species of the genus Tetramorium from Chamela, Jalisco, Mexico. Sociobiology, 57: 115-122.: 118. Paratype: 1W, MEX[ICO], JAL[ISCO], La Huerta [municipally], Chamela, Cuixmala Farm, 19°24'29.7"N 104°58'96.8"W, 18.x.2009, T. Marques col., 180 m, epigaegic[epigaeic] pitfall trap, TDF.

Incertae Sedis

Genus Diaphoromyrma Fernández, Delabie & Nascimento, 2009FERNÁNDEZ, F.; DELABIE, J.H.C. & NASCIMENTO, I.C. 2009. Diaphoromyrma a new myrmicine ant genus from North Eastern Brazil. Zootaxa, 2204: 55-62.: 56

Diaphoromyrma sofiaeFernández, Delabie & Nascimento 2009FERNÁNDEZ, F.; DELABIE, J.H.C. & NASCIMENTO, I.C. 2009. Diaphoromyrma a new myrmicine ant genus from North Eastern Brazil. Zootaxa, 2204: 55-62.: 59. Paratype: 1W, BRAZIL, Ba[Bahia], Sta[Santa] Cruz Cabrália, [Veracel Celulose Reserve], Sucupira-b, 471121S 8200537W, 05.xi.2006, I.C. do Nascimento col., [Winkler trap].

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

We are grateful to Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq), Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) for the scholarship to L.P. Prado; Fundação de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP 2012/21309-7) for financial support to M.A. Ulysséa; and two anonymous reviewers for suggestions.

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APPENDIX

TABLE 1:
Myrmicinae tribes' classification following Ward et al. (2014)WARD, P.; BRADY, S.; FISHER, B.L. & SCHULTZ, T. 2014. The Evolution of myrmicine ants: phylogeny and biogeography of a hyperdiverse ant clade (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Systematic Entomology, DOI: 10.1111/syen.12090.
https://doi.org/10.1111/syen.12090...
, the traditional tribes and the included genera.

TABLE 2:
Currently valid names of the listed taxa, followed by their original names and synonyms (if applicable).

Publication Dates

  • Publication in this collection
    2015

History

  • Accepted
    27 Oct 2014
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