Adolescents´ self-descriptions according to gender and birth order

This article aims to communicate results and raise the researchers´ interest about the gender and birth order influence in the individuals´ self-description. Specifically, 322 adolescents ages 13 and 17 answered a questionnaire in which they were requested to mention three negative and three positive words best selected to describe themselves. Assessing personality itself was not the main objective, but aggregate common characteristics from the participants to draw patterns of responses. Through the correspondence factor analysis (CA), factors opposed the groups in pairs. Gender was the main variable to produce differentiation between characteristics, but birth order effects were also relevant to distinguish the patterns developed. It is suggested that personality traits should be researched in Brazil considering the combination of these two variables.

Self-description; Gender; Birth order; Adolescents


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