Prediction of Reading and Writing in Elementary Education through Early Childhood Education

Predição de Leitura e Escrita no Ensino Fundamental por meio da Educação infantil

Predicción de la Lectura y Escritura en los Primeros Años de la Educación Infantil

Talita de Cassia Batista Pazeto Natália Martins Dias Cristiano Mauro Assis Gomes Alessandra Gotuzo Seabra About the authors

Abstract

The study investigated the predictive role of executive functions, language, initial reading and writing abilities, teacher’s perception of the students’ difficulties and family characteristics, evaluated in Early Childhood Education (ECE) (Jardim I and Jardim II), in relation to reading and writing performance in the first year of Elementary Education. A total of 71 children were monitored in a longitudinal manner from ECE up to the first year, and evaluated in Oral Language (OL), Executive Functions (EF), initial Reading and Writing skills in ECE and, in the first year, evaluated by means of Reading and Writing tests. Parents provided information on socioeconomic status (SES) and teachers indicated children with difficulties. After the data imputation process, regression tree analysis showed that OL skills and initials skills of reading and writing in ECE explained a mean of 43% of the reading variability in the first year. For writing, the models also included performances in EF, income, father’s age and indication of difficulty by the teacher in ECE, explaining a mean of 78% of the variability in writing in the first year. The results allowed identifying abilities and variables that can be considered precursors of subsequent performances in Elementary Education, providing guidance for actions of early identification and intervention.

Keywords:
Prediction; Written Language; Executive Functions; Evaluation; Oral Language

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