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Selectivity of herbicides upon Myracrodruon urundeuva (Aroeira)

N.F. Duarte D. Karam N. Sá M.B. Cruz M.R.M. Scotti About the authors

The objective of this work was to verify the selectivity of herbicides applied in eucalyptus areas upon the growth of Myracrodruon urundeuva.. The experiment was carried out under greenhouse conditions during two seasons (2002 and 2003), in a completely randomized experimental design with five herbicides in four doses arranged in a factorial design 5x4, and six replicates. The treatments were: haloxyfop-methyl at the doses (0.00, 120, 240 and 480 g ha-1); sulfentrazone (0.00, 300, 600 and 1.200 g ha-1), isoxaflutole (0.00, 150, 300 and 600 g ha-1); oxyfluoren (0.00, 720, 1.440 and 2.880 g ha-1) and glyphosate (0.00, 720, 1.440 and 2.880 g ha-1) plant toxicity effects, number of leaflets and plant height were evaluated in both experiments and analyses of chlorophyll a and b and carotenoids were also conducted in the second. Glyphosate presented the highest plant toxicity, compromising the development of the aroeira plant, thus it is not recommended for weed control in aroeira planting areas. The other herbicides did not compromise the development of this plant, thus they can be potentially used in weed management control of this species.

phytotoxicity; haloxyfop-methyl; sulfentrazone; isoxaflutole; oxyfluorfen; glyphosate

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