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Genetic diversity of Begomovirus infecting weeds in northeastern Brazil

I.P. Asssunção A.F. Listik M.C.S. Barros E.P.R. Amorin S.J.C. Silva Izael O. Silva C.E. Ramalho-Neto G.S.A. Lima About the authors

Genus Begomovirus belong to the family Geminiviridae. Begomovirus is associated with a wide range of hosts, including many cultivated species such as tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum), dry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris), pepper (Capsicum annuum), cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), cassava (Manihot esculenta), etc., besides many weed species. It has been demonstrated that in some cases weeds act as virus reservoirs for cultivated plants. In the present work, weed samples presenting yellow mosaic, foliar malformation and size reduction were tested by PCR for infection by Begomovirus, using specific degenerate oligonucleotides. Eleven samples corresponding to 10 plant species were collected in the countryside towns in the states of Alagoas, Pernambuco and Bahia. Some plant species such as Herissantia crispa, Waltheria indica and Triumfetta semitriloba are reported for the first time as hosts for Begomovirus. To estimate the genetic diversity of the detected Begomovirus, the amplified products of several isolates were cleaved with each three restriction enzymes, EcoRI, HinfI, and TaqI. Different patterns were observed for the studied isolates, pointing out to a great genetic diversity for these viruses.

geminivirus; PCR detection; weed hosts; restriction enzymes

Sociedade Brasileira da Ciência das Plantas Daninhas Departamento de Fitotecnia - DFT, Universidade Federal de Viçosa - UFV, 36570-000 - Viçosa-MG - Brasil, Tel./Fax::(+55 31) 3899-2611 - Viçosa - MG - Brazil