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Intoxication of eucalyptus submitted to different herbicide drift

L.D. Tuffi Santos L.R. Ferreira F.A. Ferreira W.M. Duarte R.A.S. Tiburcio A.F.L. Machado About the authors

Besides glyphosate, which is widely utilized, other herbicides such as triclopyr and carfentrazone-ethyl, have a potential use in eucalypt plantations. However, the non-selective nature of these herbicides may lead to plant intoxication due to leaf contact during application. This work aims to evaluate the effects of some herbicides drift on Eucalyptus urophylla, simulated by applying the following subdoses: 0, 43.2, 86.4 and 172.8 g ha-1 of glyphosate; 14.4, 28.8 and 57.6 g ha-1 of triclopyr; 0.84, 1.68 and 3.36 g ha-1 of carfentrazone-ethyl; and the following mixtures: 43.2 g ha-1 of glyphosate + 14.4 g ha-1 of triclopyr; 86.4 g ha-1 of glyphosate + 28.6 g ha¹ of triclopyr; 43.2 g ha-1 of glyphosate + 1.68 g ha-1 of carfentrazone-ethyl; and 86.4 g ha¹ of glyphosate + 3.36 g ha-1 of carfentrazone-ethyl. The seedlings, about 50 cm high, were applied the herbicides in such a way that their superior third was not reached 45 days after transference. Glyphosate drift caused the most damage to the plant, followed by carfentrazone-ethyl and triclopyr, respectively. Eucalypt plants exposed to a subdose of 172.8 g ha-1 of glyphosate and to glyphosate + carfentrazone-ethyl mixtures, had the highest percentage of intoxication and the lowest growth during the evaluation periods. The plants exposed to triclopyr drift presenting 56.25 and 15.10% of intoxication at 15 and 30 days after application, respectively, were recovered, indicating a lesser triclopyr drift risk, compared with the other herbicides and mixtures studied.

glyphosate; carfentrazone-ethyl; triclopyr; application technology

Sociedade Brasileira da Ciência das Plantas Daninhas Departamento de Fitotecnia - DFT, Universidade Federal de Viçosa - UFV, 36570-000 - Viçosa-MG - Brasil, Tel./Fax::(+55 31) 3899-2611 - Viçosa - MG - Brazil