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Weed management of cotton under no-tillage

R.S. Freitas P.G. Berger L.R. Ferreira A.C. Silva P.R. Cecon M.P. Silva About the authors

The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of the herbicides Smetolachlor in pre-emergence and trifloxysulfuron-sodium applied 18 days after crop emergence (DAE), under no-tillage systems. A factorial scheme (4 x 4) + 1 was used in a completely randomized block design, with four replications. The first factor consisted of four S-metolachlor doses (0, 384, 768 and 1.152 g ha-1) and the second of four trifloxysulfuron-sodium doses (0.0; 2.625; 5.250; and 7.875 g ha-1), plus a control kept weeded throughout the cotton cycle. The weeds were evaluated 25, 45 and 60 DAE. The following weed species were present in the area: Alternanthera tenella, representing over 80% of the total, Bidens spp., Tridax procumbens, Acanthospermum hispidum, Ipomoea grandifolia, Digitaria horizontalis, Eleusine indica, and Commelina benghalensis. S-metolachlor controlled these species with low efficiency. The best control was obtained with the combination of S-metolachlor at 1.152 g ha-1 with trifloxysulfuron-sodium at 7.875 g ha-1, which controlled more than 90% of A. tenella and other dicotyledonous weeds until 60 DAE. This control was still not sufficient to clear the ground for the cotton harvest. The combinations S-metolachlor at 384 and 768 g ha¹ with trifloxysufuron-sodium at 7.875 g ha-1 and S-metolachlor at 1.152 g ha-1 with trifloxysulfuron-sodium in the doses 5.250 and 7.875 g ha-1 provided similar yields for the weeded control.

S-metolachlor; triflosysulfuron-sodium; Gossypium hirsutum; selectivity

Sociedade Brasileira da Ciência das Plantas Daninhas Departamento de Fitotecnia - DFT, Universidade Federal de Viçosa - UFV, 36570-000 - Viçosa-MG - Brasil, Tel./Fax::(+55 31) 3899-2611 - Viçosa - MG - Brazil