Chemical management alternatives of the weed Digitaria ciliaris resistant to ACCASE inhibiting herbicides in soybean crop

R.F. López-Ovejero L.H. Penckowski M.J. Podolan S.J.P. Carvalho P.J. Christoffoleti About the authors

The objective of this work was to evaluate the efficacy of aplying ACCase inhibiting herbicides on a population of the weed large crabgrass (Digitaria ciliaris) with a history of control failure, as well as to propose alternative herbicides to be sprayed in pre- and post-emergence on the soybean crop. Thus, two field experiments were carried out in Palmeira (PR), Brazil, during the growing season 2003/2004. The first experiment evaluated the efficacy of the ACCase inhibiting herbicides (g ha-1): sethoxydim (230); clethodim (108); butroxydim (75); tepraloxydim (100); fluazifop-p-butyl (187.5); haloxyfop-r (60); propaquizafop (125); cyhalofop-butyl (225); fenoxaprop-p-ethyl + clethodim (50 + 50) and weeded check. The second experiment consisted of treatments using herbicides with alternative mechanism of action (g ha-1): trifluralina (2,700); clomazone (1,000); S-metolachlor (1,920); sulfentrazone (600); trifluralina + sulfentrazone (2,100 + 400); clomazone + sulfentrazone (600 + 400); S-metolachlor + sulfentrazone (768 + 400) in pre-emergence and a weeded check; all herbicides were applied with or without imazethapyr (100) application in post-emergence, sprayed when the weeds were at the stage of 2 to 4 leaves. The results suggested that the population studied is resistant to ACCase inhibiting herbicides; the best results of control efficacy with the ACCase inhibiting herbicides were obtained with tepraloxydim, clethodim and butroxydim; the treatments with sulfentrazone, alone or in mixture; the treatments with trifluralin, clomazone and S-metoalachlor, with imazethapyr complementation and imazethapyr alone were effective in controlling the resistant biotype of Digitaria ciliaris, showing that these treatments are management alternatives for the control of weed resistant populations.

crabgrass; cross-resistance; biotypes; management

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