This article discusses the conflict mediation as a way to ease the school violence, that was born in legal circles in the United States, diffuses through Europe and later in South America, including Brazil. The literature search was conducted, seeking official documents, investigations and books published on these experiences in different countries. There is an expansion of programs and projects that use the mediation of conflicts over the past decade in the countries of South America. By analyzing these programs it was possible to notice that there is a lot of investment in this type of strategy, which is only one among others to assist schools with the problem of violence. Nevertheless, conflict mediation becomes the central element of the educational programs. To set up the best performance in a given society or school reality would be an extensive research needed to assess what would be the best strategy, however, conflict mediation is expanding increasingly indiscriminately.
Mediation; Conflict; school violence