The present work aims to revive discussions on the relationship between citizenship and subjectivity as a means to enrich the comprehension on this theme, one of the psychiatric reform's main objectives. This discussion in Brazil is especially meaningful as it is quite explicit. This work is targeted to bring back the concept of citizenship in its own origin at the same time as it follows the trajectory of this concept along with the idea of subjectivity, based on many writers' papers but mainly on Hannah Arendt's thesis on the constitution of politics. The author intends, in the conclusion, to show that the notions of rehabilitation and of empowerment currently assumed on the psychiatric reform politics can be profitably reviewed within the assistance frame and with considerable ethical benefits.
subjectivity; citizenship; madness; rehabilitation; psychiatric reform