Health, gender and recognition in the work of teachers: convergences and differences in Brazil and France

Jussara Brito Régine Bercot Chantal Horellou-Lafarge Mary Yale Neves Simone Oliveira Lucia Rotenberg About the authors

This paper is about the recognition of the work done by teachers and its implications on their health in two different economic and social contexts: one from a Latin American Country (Brazil) and another in Europe (France). It is based mainly on the academic contributions of the psychodynamics of work and the social sciences and presents examples from various researches. It can be observed that despite the great differences in teachers' working conditions between the countries, the non-recognition of their work is present in both cases. Low wages (even considering the specificities of each context) and lack of acknowledgement of efforts made in the daily professional routine are a proof of that. However, in France the malaise stems mainly from concerns about the social utility of teachers' work in the face of numerous reforms and lags in educational level of students. In the case of Brazil, the malaise arises especially from precarious conditions of work that signals the devaluation of work, especially the excessive number of students per class and the need for salary supplementation. In both cases, we register the importance given to the recognition by students and teamwork in health preservation.

recognition; gender; worker's health; teacher; teaching

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