Cytocompatibility of poly(p-dioxanone)/ poly(hydroxybutic) (PPD/PHB) blends to cartilage tissue engineering

In order of seek strategies to improve the interaction between bioreabsorbable polymer materials and cellular growth, this work aimed at evaluating in vitro the influence of PPD/PHB blends on cell adhesion and fibrochondrocytes growth. Fibrochondrocytes cells were obtained by primary extraction from enzymatic digestion methods. The PPD/PHB blends were prepared by casting with 100/0, 60/40 and 50/50 compositions, and were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). After 6, 48, 120 and 168 hours in culture, ultrastructural observations showed changes in cell morphology, suggesting that the fibrochondrocytes can respond to substrate modifications, changing their phenotypic profile. The MTT analyses showed that the blends did not present cytotoxicity and allowed fibrochondrocytes adhesion and proliferation on the membranes in all compositions. The colorimetric Sirius Red test revealed the capability of extracellular matrix synthesis on the blends, from which one can conclude that the PPD/PHB blends are not cytotoxic and can be indicated for cell culture.

Blend; poly(p-dioxanone); poly(hydroxybutic); fibrochondrocytes

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