Aqueous dispersions based on nanocomposites of polyurethanes and hydrophilic brasilian clays: synthesis and characterization

In this work nanocomposites based on polyurethane aqueous dispersion (NWPUs) were synthesized employing montmorillonite (MMT) hydrophilic brazilian clays (Brasgel PA and Brasgel NT), containing sodium and calcium, respectively, being the former more hydrophilic. The monomers used in the synthesis of the dispersions were: poly (propylene glycol) (PPG); dimethylolpropionic acid (DMPA), isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI) and hydrazine, as chain extender. It was varied the proportion between hard and soft segments and clay content (added in the range from 0.5 to 2.5% per mass). The clays were previously delaminated in water and incorporated in the moment of prepolymer dispersion. The clays were characterized by infrared spectrometry (FTIR) and X ray diffraction (XRD) and their degree of swelling were determined. Solid content of the formulations were calculated. The films, cast from aqueous dispersions, were characterized by FTIR, XRD and their mechanical properties were evaluated. The formation of nanocomposites was confirmed by XRD, by observing the absence of peaks indicating cristallinity, characteristic of the pure clays. Mechanical resistance was improved for the nanocomposite films when compared to materials with no clay addition.

Polyurethanes; aqueous dispersions; nanocomposites; clays; montmorillonite; non-polluting systems

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