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Polímeros, Volume: 34, Issue: 2, Published: 2024
  • Biodegradation of poly(lactic acid) waste from 3D printing Original Articles

    Benhami, Virginia Mendonça Lourenço; Longatti, Silvia Maria de Oliveira; Moreira, Fatima Maria de Souza; Sena Neto, Alfredo Rodrigues de

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract One of the most widespread applications of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) is as a raw material in the form of filaments for 3D printing. To improve final disposal alternatives and minimize their effects on the environment, the aim of this study is to determine the biodegradability of 3D-printed PLA waste composted in a landfill with leachate soil and garden soil for 90 days and 180 days. The soil characteristics and material properties were evaluated by laboratory analyses. Changes in soil chemical composition and the loss of microorganisms were recorded. The thermal and mechanical properties of PLA did not change significantly, but fungal colonies, encrustation, and changes in the original colour were found, indicating the onset of surface biodegradation of the samples. Controlled conditions or longer periods would be needed to maintain an ecosystem favourable to biodegradation; otherwise, PLA could accumulate in the environment, causing future pollution problems.
  • New bioresorbable filaments for scaffolds intending local sodium alendronate release Original Articles

    Deretti, Olivia; Tait, Guilherme; Werner, Lucas; Engelmann, Luana; Silva, Denise Abatti Kasper; Pezzin, Ana Paula Testa

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Scaffolds with osteoconductivity, biocompatibility and good mechanical properties are promising for local drug release of sodium alendronate (ALN), a first-choice drug for treatment of bone tissue diseases, with low bioavailability. The viability to manufacture poly (L-lactic acid) (PLLA)/poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) filaments containing ALN in different proportions, through extrusion, followed by scaffolds using 3D printing by fusion deposition modelling (FDM) and to investigate the influence of processes in mixtures drove this study. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), spectroscopy in the infrared region with Fourier transform (FTIR/ATR), and X-ray diffractometry (XRD) analysis indicated that PMMA decelerates crystallinity and confers malleability to PLLA/ALN mixture, besides its good processability and miscibility with PLLA and no relevant changes in physicochemical properties of components. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (SEM/FEG) showed good interfacial compatibility between PLLA/PMMA and homogeneously dispersed drug crystals in matrix. PLLA-PMMA-ALN scaffolds were manufactured by accurate with interesting properties for bone tissue engineering.
  • Chemical and mechanical resistance of waterborne polyurethane/graphene (WPU/GO) nanocomposite coatings Original Articles

    Silva, Pietro Paolo de Oliveira e; Melo, Enderson José Dias de; Espíndola, Arthur Israel Carneiro; Florentino, Marcus Vinicius Fernandes; Silva, Ana Paula Lima da; Santos, Elinaldo Neves dos

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Waterborne polyurethane (WPU) coatings used for moisture protection of surfaces have been used broadly. They have been considered environmentally friendly because their synthesis releases less or no volatile organic compounds (VOCs) to the atmosphere. With the Covid-19 pandemic concerns, cleaning protocols of these surfaces have been applied and scientific knowledge about the effects of these liquids on WPU surfaces is necessary. In this work, diffusion experiments were performed using four liquids, in pure WPU and WPU filled with graphene oxide (GO). Detergent had the most severe effect on polyurethane films, causing severe cracks and weight loss. Diffusion parameters of HCl 5% and HCl 10% were greater in WPU/GO nanocomposites than in pure WPU. Mechanical tests under chemical aging showed that alcohol reduced most the tensile strength and Young modulus. Overall, GO protected the films for all liquid exposures, increasing their tensile strength and Young modulus.
  • Effect of process parameters on the properties of LDPE/sepiolite composites Original Articles

    Souza, Priscila da Silva e; Sousa, Ana Maria Furtado de; Silva, Ana Lúcia Nazareth da

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract This study examines the effect of processing parameters and reactive extrusion on the mechanical, thermal, morphological, and rheological properties of low-density polyethylene (LDPE) and sepiolite composites (LDPE/sepiolite: 95/5 wt/wt) produced by in situ reactive extrusion in a twin-screw extruder. Using a design of experiments, the contribution of the factors reverse mixing elements (RE), maleic anhydride (MA), and dicumyl peroxide (DCP) was determined. The results showed that a better interaction between LDPE and sepiolite phases occurred when reactive extrusion was carried out, leading to a satisfactory balance between mechanical properties and thermal stability behavior. The rheology analysis revealed that a more pronounced solid-like behavior was achieved in the composite prepared by reactive extrusion and in the presence of the filler. The SEM micrographs showed the appearance of a network-like morphology in the composite processed in the presence of additives and sepiolite filler.
  • Thermal evaluation of the calcium stearate influence on polystyrene by in-line colorimetry Original Articles

    Bernardo, Felipe; Canevarolo Junior, Sebastião Vicente

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract This paper investigates evidence regarding the influence of a CaSt2 residual additive in the optical properties of a commercial polystyrene. This work proposes an in-line optical detector operating by illuminating the polymer with a red monochromatic light in order to evaluate its thermal behavior during a heat cycling. The detection system was bench validated by measuring the light absorption of aqueous solutions of organic acid dyes. The system showed great sensitivity in detecting the contamination’s effect on the polymer, as a great impact on the polymer’s behavior was observed due to the presence of the additive during different thermal cycles. The detector system showed that the salt’s presence elevates absorbance by five times when the temperature is higher than its fusion temperature. The in-line optical detector has proved to be suitable to quantify the presence of additives that affects the polymer’s optical properties.
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