In this article we intend to show how gender is a determining and indispensable concept when juvenile sexual issues are discussed; particularly when we approach the adolescent female sexuality. The feminist literature has been alerting us for the discourse on victimization, fear and morality which, in many cases and in many countries, still justifies contents of sexual education programs in schools and campaigns for prevention against sexually transmissible diseases, especially HIV. However, after analyzing those speeches, it is very clear that they lack an emancipatory discourse about adolescent feminine sexuality. In spite of the HIV epidemic and the growing number of heterosexual women (of all age groups, from the youngest to the oldest) being infected, which calls for much greater attention on the matter, that problem must not justify regulatory and traditional discourses on feminine sexuality. There is a need for new emancipatory and empowering female adolescent discourses, as well as young men's commitment regarding reproduction issues and involvement in the construction of an equalitarian project. and also, programs and campaigns informed by the existing knowledge related to gender issues and the asymmetry between the sexes in experiencing sexuality.
gender; juvenile sexuality; risky sexual behavior; HIV; sexual edcation; prevention programs