The analytic of finitude as a semiology of the knowledges and the practices about man: towards a criticism of anthropological thinking in Education

Rodrigo Barbosa Lopes About the author

Abstract

This paper delineates a criticism of the arguments that promote the anthropological image of thinking as a fundamental concept to the Philosophy of Education, that is, as a particular type and use of philosophical anthropology. Indeed, this modern concept of Philosophy defines education as the realization of a fundamental anthropological project, and it is in this sense that the Philosophy of Education intends to elucidate the meaning of education as the mediation of the social-historical existence of man in the world. To analyze this problem, the paper considers the analytic of finitude, researched by Michel Foucault in Les mots et les choses, as a semiology of the knowledges and the practices about man. The arguments here presented are expected to contribute to further develop the criticism of the anthropological-humanist conception predominant in the reflections on education, indicating, on the other hand, the possibility of an investigation of the exercise of philosophical thinking in the field of education as an experience and an event.

Keywords
philosophical anthropology; philosophy of education; Michel Foucault; Gilles Deleuze; experience

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