Using the Rorschach Method in The Differential Diagnosis of Schizophrenia and Dissociative Identity Disorder

Marcello de Abreu Faria Euthymia Brandão de Almeida Prado Wânia Cristina de Souza Vaneila Ferreira Martins Vania Moraes Ferreira About the authors

ABSTRACT

The aim of this article was to investigate the prevalence of the Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) in ten patients diagnosed with schizophrenia with paranoid characteristic, based on the Rorschach approach. Psychological symptoms that characterize the differential diagnosis of these patients were registered, specific clinical differences were analyzed and the framework of the data obtained with the application of the Rorschach approach. For purposes of differential diagnosis, it was observed that two patients had differential symptoms to schizophrenia, one of which showed dissociative symptoms, not confirmed the prevalence of DID among schizophrenics. In the case of schizophrenia and DID due to exhibit similar characteristics, multidisciplinary evaluations are set to make a differential diagnosis between them.

Keywords
schizophrenia; dissociative identity disorder; trauma; rorschach

Instituto de Psicologia, Universidade de Brasília Instituto de Psicologia, Universidade de Brasília, 70910-900 - Brasília - DF - Brazil, Tel./Fax: (061) 274-6455 - Brasília - DF - Brazil
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