Academic achievement: influence of self-concept and classroom environment

Maria Olímpia Almeida de Paiva Abílio Afonso Lourenço About the authors

The objective of this study is verify whether the self-concept of students, measured by the scale PHCSCS-2, and the classroom environment, assessed with the APSA scale, are relevant factors explaining academic achievement. 217 students (112 males and 105 females) of a public school in north of Portugal participated in this study. Structural Equation Modeling was used to analyze the data. The results indicated that self-concept and classroom environment have a significant and positive impact on the language and mathematics achievement of the students and that self-concept positively affects the classroom environment. The educational implications of the results are discussed.

Self-concept; classroom environment; academic achievement; structural equation modeling


Instituto de Psicologia, Universidade de Brasília Instituto de Psicologia, Universidade de Brasília, 70910-900 - Brasília - DF - Brazil, Tel./Fax: (061) 274-6455 - Brasília - DF - Brazil
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