This study aimed to develop and validate a scale of parenting beliefs and caring practices in the early childhood in Brazilian contexts. After the theoretical construction of items, the final version of the scale was administered in two studies with different samples of mothers (preliminary study N=250; final study N=600), assessing the frequency of each behavior and the degree of importance attributed to the practices. The psychometric analyses used for the validation of the scale were: factorial analysis and calculation of internal consistency. In both studies, the factorial analysis resulted in two factors: the first was called "primary care" and the second "stimulation". The Cronbach's coefficient properties were satisfactory, ranging from .68 to .83. The results demonstrated the validity and reliability of the scale, which can be used for future studies and intervention practices with families, especially during children's early years.
Parenting beliefs; Caring practices; Scale